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1.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e26137, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375274

RESUMO

Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) commonly experience poor sleep quality. This study aimed to investigate whether alexithymia mediates the association between fear of hypoglycaemia (FoH) and sleep quality in patients with T2DM. Methods: From September 2021 to November 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on 407 patients with T2DM in China. Data collection was made possible through the administration of the Chinese Version of the Worry Scale, Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (CPSQI). Multiple linear regression analyses were also performed. Results: A total of 65.6% of the participants were male, and 75.7% were aged 18-40 years. FoH showed a moderate and positive correlation with CPSQI scores (r = 0.308, p < 0.001). Alexithymia was weakly and positively correlated with CPSQI scores (r = 0.185, p < 0.001). Meanwhile, FoH exhibited a moderate and positive correlation with alexithymia (r = 0.422, p < 0.001), and difficulty in identifying (r = 0.414, p < 0.001) and describing feelings (r = 0.416, p < 0.001) and a weak and positive correlation with externally oriented thinking (r = 0.221, p < 0.001). The total effect (ß = 0.408, p < 0.001) of FoH on CPSQI comprised not only the direct (ß = 0.293, 95% confidence interval: 0.174-0.411, p < 0.001) but also the indirect effect (ß = 0.115, p < 0.001) of alexithymia. Conclusions: Alexithymia can mediate the association between FoH and sleep quality. Clinicians should recognize the potential effect of alexithymia and incorporate it in intervention planning and care. Addressing the affective disturbances arising from FoH can enhance emotional expression and sleep quality among T2DM patients.

2.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 484: 116858, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341105

RESUMO

Chronic arsenic exposures are associated with multiple hematologic disturbances, including anemia. The goal of this study was to evaluate associations between arsenic exposures and hematological parameters among men and women who are chronically exposed to elevated levels of arsenic from drinking water. Hematologic analyses were performed on blood collected from 755 participants (45% male and 54% female) in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) cohort, Bangladesh. Herein, we used linear regression models to estimate associations between red blood cell (RBC) parameters (i.e., RBC counts, hematocrit (HCT), hemoglobin (Hgb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)) and measurements of arsenic exposure (urinary arsenic and urinary arsenic metabolites). Arsenic exposures showed trending associations with decreased RBC counts in both men and women, a positive association with MCV in males, and an inverse association with MCHC among males, but not among non-smoking females. Among men, those who smoked had stronger associations between arsenic exposures and MCHC than non-smoking males. Collectively, our results show that arsenic exposures affect multiple RBC parameters and highlight potentially important sex differences in arsenic-induced hematotoxicity.

3.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(2): 219-227, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371251

RESUMO

AIM: To directly quantify peroxynitrite (ONOO-) using a highly sensitive fluorescence resonance energy transfer probe RN-NA, investigate the association between ONOO- and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), and clarify whether RN-NA could be used as a potential tool for POAG diagnosis. METHODS: Plasma and aqueous humor (AH) samples were collected from POAG patients (n=100, age: 59.70±6.87y) and age-related cataract (ARC) patients (n=100, age: 61.15±4.60y) admitted to our hospital. Next, RN-NA was used to detect ONOO- in plasma and AH samples, and the relationship between ONOO- level and POAG was analyzed using binary logistic regression. Besides, Pearson correlation analysis was applied to characterize the correlation of the levels of ONOO- with the patients' age, intraocular pressure (IOP), and mean deviation of visual field testing. The ONOO- scavenger MnTMPyP was employed to treat the 3-morpholinosyndnomine (SIN-1)-induced ocular hypertension in mice (n=7, 6-8wk). Finally, the IOP and ONOO- in both eyes were measured 30min after the last drug treatment. RESULTS: ONOO- levels of AH and plasma were significantly higher in the POAG group than in the ARC group (P<0.01). Additionally, ONOO- levels were closely correlated with POAG in a binary logistic regression analysis [odds ratio (OR)=1.008, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.002-1.013, P<0.01 for AH; OR=1.004, 95%CI: 1.002-1.006, P<0.001 for plasma]. Pearson correlation analysis showed that ONOO- levels in AH or plasma were positively associated with visual field defects (R=0.51, P<0.01 for AH; R=0.45, P<0.001 for plasma), and ONOO- levels in plasma and AH were correlated in the POAG group (R=0.69, P<0.001). However, administering MnTMPyP to mouse eyes reversed the elevated IOP caused by SIN-1 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: ONOO- levels in AH and plasma, detected by RN-NA, are significantly related to POAG and positively correlated with visual field defects in POAG patients. Hence, ONOO- is a potential biomarker of POAG, especially advanced POAG. Besides, anti-nitration compounds may be novel ocular hypotensive agents based on the animal study.

4.
Nature ; 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355797

RESUMO

Over half of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases diagnosed worldwide are in China1-3. However, whole-genome analysis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated HCC in Chinese individuals is limited4-8, with current analyses of HCC mainly from non-HBV-enriched populations9,10. Here we initiated the Chinese Liver Cancer Atlas (CLCA) project and performed deep whole-genome sequencing (average depth, 120×) of 494 HCC tumours. We identified 6 coding and 28 non-coding previously undescribed driver candidates. Five previously undescribed mutational signatures were found, including aristolochic-acid-associated indel and doublet base signatures, and a single-base-substitution signature that we termed SBS_H8. Pentanucleotide context analysis and experimental validation confirmed that SBS_H8 was distinct to the aristolochic-acid-associated SBS22. Notably, HBV integrations could take the form of extrachromosomal circular DNA, resulting in elevated copy numbers and gene expression. Our high-depth data also enabled us to characterize subclonal clustered alterations, including chromothripsis, chromoplexy and kataegis, suggesting that these catastrophic events could also occur in late stages of hepatocarcinogenesis. Pathway analysis of all classes of alterations further linked non-coding mutations to dysregulation of liver metabolism. Finally, we performed in vitro and in vivo assays to show that fibrinogen alpha chain (FGA), determined as both a candidate coding and non-coding driver, regulates HCC progression and metastasis. Our CLCA study depicts a detailed genomic landscape and evolutionary history of HCC in Chinese individuals, providing important clinical implications.

5.
Nat Chem ; 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332329

RESUMO

Asymmetric Suzuki-Miyaura cross-couplings with aryl boronic acids and allylic electrophiles are a powerful method to convert racemic mixtures into enantioenriched products. Currently, enantioconvergent allylic arylations are limited to substrates that are symmetrical about the allylic unit, and the absence of strategies to control regio-, E/Z- and enantioselectivity in acyclic allylic systems is a major restriction. Here, using a system capable of either conjugate addition or allylic arylation, we have discovered the structural features and experimental conditions that allow an acyclic system to undergo chemo- and regioselective, enantioconvergent allylic Suzuki-Miyaura-type arylation. A wide variety of boronic acid coupling partners can be used, and both alkyl and aromatic substituents are tolerated on the allylic unit so that a wide variety of structures can be obtained. Preliminary mechanistic studies reveal that the chelating ability of the ester group is crucial to obtaining high regio- and enantioselectivity. Using this method, we were able to synthesize the natural products (S)-curcumene and (S)-4,7-dimethyl-1-tetralone and the clinically used antidepressant sertraline (Zoloft).

6.
Insights Imaging ; 15(1): 33, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic imaging plays an important role in the pre-treatment workup of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Herein, we identified a useful MRI sign of infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) to improve diagnosis. METHODS: Eighty-one age- and sex-matched RA and OA patients each, with pathological diagnosis and pre-treatment MRI were retrospectively evaluated. All randomized MR images were blinded and independently reviewed by two radiologists. The assessment process included initial diagnosis, sign evaluation, and final diagnosis, with a 3-week interval between each assessment. Broken-fat pad (BFP) sign was assessed on sagittal T2-weighted-imaging in routine MRI. The area under the curve and Cohen's kappa (κ) were used to assess the classification performance. Two shape features were extracted from IPFP for quantitative interpretation. RESULTS: The median age of the study population was 57.6 years (range: 31.0-78.0 years). The BFP sign was detected more frequently in patients with RA (72.8%) than those with OA (21.0%). Both radiologists achieved better performance by referring to the BFP sign, with accuracies increasing from 58.0 to 75.9% and 72.8 to 79.6%, respectively. The inter-reader correlation coefficient showed an increase from fair (κ = 0.30) to substantial (κ = 0.75) upon the consideration of the BFP sign. For quantitative analysis, the IPFP of RA had significantly lower sphericity (0.54 ± 0.04 vs. 0.59 ± 0.03, p < 0.01). Despite larger surface-volume-ratio of RA (0.38 ± 0.05 vs. 0.37 ± 0.04, p = 0.25) than that of OA, there was no statistical difference. CONCLUSIONS: The BFP sign is a potentially important diagnostic clue for differentiating RA from OA with routine MRI and reducing misdiagnosis. CRITICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: With the simple and feasible broken-fat pad sign, clinicians can help more patients with early accurate diagnosis and proper treatment, which may be a valuable addition to the diagnostic workup of knee MRI assessment. KEY POINTS: • Detailed identification of infrapatellar fat pad alterations of patients may be currently ignored in routine evaluation. • Broken-fat pad sign is helpful for differentiating rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. • The quantitative shape features of the infrapatellar fat pad may provide a possible explanation of the signs. • This sign has good inter-reader agreements and is feasible for clinical application.

7.
Zookeys ; 1190: 195-212, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323097

RESUMO

Taxonomic notes on the Talaus species from China are provided. Two new species, T.yuyang Yao & Liu, sp. nov. and T.zhangjiangkou Yao & Liu, sp. nov. are described and illustrated, and a further three species are redescribed based on their genitalic characters: T.dulongjiang Tang, Yin, Ubick & Peng, 2008, T.niger Tang, Yin, Ubick & Peng, 2008, and T.sulcus Tang & Li, 2010. The species T.xiphosus Zhu & Ono, 2007 is considered a junior synonym of T.triangulifer Simon, 1886 based on an examination of many recently collected female and male specimens from Guangxi Province, China. Diagnoses, detailed illustrations and a map of distributional records of the six treated species of Talaus in China are provided.

8.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(2): 66, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The tumor microenvironment (TME) in cholangiocarcinoma (CHOL) is typically characterized by a low level of immune infiltration, which accounts for the dismal prognosis of this patient population. This study sought to investigate the mechanisms underlying the reduced infiltration of immune cells into the CHOL TME. METHODS: We constructed a Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) regression model to identify prognosis-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The 'Corrplot' package was employed to analyze the correlation between dermatopontin (DPT) and immune infiltration in CHOL. The Tumor and Immune System Interaction Database (TISIDB) was used to evaluate the association between DPT and immunology. Single-cell analysis was conducted to localize CCL19 secretions. Western blot and qPCR were utilized to detect DPT expression, while immunofluorescence was performed to investigate the cellular localization of DPT. Additionally, ELISA analysis was employed to assess the alteration in CCL19 secretion in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and macrophages. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that CHOL patients with low DPT expression had a poorer prognosis. Enrichment analysis demonstrated a positive correlation between DPT levels and the infiltration of immunomodulators and immune cells. Moreover, high DPT levels were associated with enhanced anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapeutic responses. Furthermore, DPT expression impacted the landscape of gene mutations, showing a negative association with tumor grade, stage, and lymph node metastasis. Based on the results of protein peptides analysis and cell experiments, it was inferred that the downregulation of DPT in CHOL cells effectively suppressed the secretion of CCL19 in macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: DPT is a novel prognosis-related biomarker for CHOL patients, and this study provides preliminary insights into the mechanism by which DPT promotes the infiltration of immune cells into the CHOL TME.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Quimiocina CCL19 , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Macrófagos , Microambiente Tumoral
9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1537, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378731

RESUMO

Cepharanthine is a secondary metabolite isolated from Stephania. It has been reported that it has anti-conronaviruses activities including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Here, we assemble three Stephania genomes (S. japonica, S. yunnanensis, and S. cepharantha), propose the cepharanthine biosynthetic pathway, and assess the antiviral potential of compounds involved in the pathway. Among the three genomes, S. japonica has a near telomere-to-telomere assembly with one remaining gap, and S. cepharantha and S. yunnanensis have chromosome-level assemblies. Following by biosynthetic gene mining and metabolomics analysis, we identify seven cepharanthine analogs that have broad-spectrum anti-coronavirus activities, including SARS-CoV-2, Guangxi pangolin-CoV (GX_P2V), swine acute diarrhoea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). We also show that two other genera, Nelumbo and Thalictrum, can produce cepharanthine analogs, and thus have the potential for antiviral compound discovery. Results generated from this study could accelerate broad-spectrum anti-coronavirus drug discovery.


Assuntos
Alphacoronavirus , Benzodioxóis , Benzilisoquinolinas , Stephania , Animais , Suínos , China/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Antivirais/farmacologia
10.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e25052, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312551

RESUMO

Background: and Purpose: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is one of the severe complications in acute ischemic stroke, especially for the patients who undergo recanalization treatment. It is crucial to screen patients who have high risk of HT before recanalization. However, current prediction models based on clinical factors are not ideal for clinical practice. Serum occludin, a biomarker for cerebral ischemia-induced blood-brain barrier disruption, has potential for predicting HT. This study was to investigate whether the combination of serum occludin and clinical risk factors improved the efficacy of predicting HT. Methods: This was a single-center prospective observational study. Baseline clinical data and blood samples of recanalization patients were collected upon admission to our hospital. The level of serum occludin was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The diagnosis of HT was confirmed by CT scans within 36 h post recanalization. Results: A total of 324 patients with recanalization were enrolled and 68 patients presented HT occurrence. HT patients had the higher level of baseline occludin than patients without HT (p < 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that serum occludin level, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Scores and endovascular therapy were independent risk factors (p < 0.05) for HT after adjusting potential confounders. The combination of serum occludin and clinical risk factors significantly improved the accuracy of predicting HT [area under the curve (AUC, 0.821 vs 0.701, p < 0.001), and net reclassification improvement (31.1 %), integrated discrimination improvement (21.5 %), p < 0.001] compared to a model employing only clinical risk factors. The modified AUC (0.806) of combined model based on 10-fold-cross-validation was still higher than clinical risk model (0.701). Conclusion: The combination of serum occludin and clinical risk factors significantly improved the prediction efficacy for HT, providing a novel potential prediction model to screen for patients with high risk of HT before recanalization in acute ischemic stroke.

11.
Zookeys ; 1189: 287-325, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314111

RESUMO

Eleven leptonetid species belonging to four genera collected in Jiangxi and Fujian Provinces, China are presented. Ten new species of midget cave spiders from southern China are diagnosed, described, and illustrated: Leptoneteladawu Yao & Liu, sp. nov., L.yuanhaoi Yao & Liu, sp. nov. and L.zuojiashanensis Yao & Liu, sp. nov. from Jiangxi; Longileptonetaguadunensis Yao & Liu, sp. nov., L.huboliao Yao & Liu, sp. nov., L.jiaxiani Yao & Liu, sp. nov., L.letuensis Yao & Liu, sp. nov., L.renzhouensis Yao & Liu, sp. nov., L.tianmenensis Yao & Liu, sp. nov., and Pararanamingxuani Yao & Liu, sp. nov. from Fujian. Furthermore, Falcileptonetamonodactyla (Yin, Wang & Wang, 1984) is recorded from Jiangxi province for the first time. Distributions records are given for all investigated species.

12.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2300784, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314939

RESUMO

SCOPE: Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a common female infertility problem, with its pathogenesis remains unknown. The NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3)-mediated pyroptosis has been proposed as a possible mechanism in POI. This study investigates the therapeutic effect of α-ketoglutarate (AKG) on ovarian reserve function in POI rats and further explores the potential molecular mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: POI rats are caused by administration of cyclophosphamide (CTX) to determine whether AKG has a protective effect. AKG treatment increases the ovarian index, maintains both serum hormone levels and follicle number, and improves the ovarian reserve function in POI rats, as evidence by increased the level of lactate and the expression of rate-limiting enzymes of glycolysis in the ovaries, additionally reduced the expression of NLRP3, Gasdermin D (GSDMD), Caspase-1, Interleukin-18 (IL-18), and Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß). In vitro, KGN cells are treated with LPS and nigericin to mimic pyroptosis, then treated with AKG and MCC950. AKG inhibits inflammatory and pyroptosis factors such as NLRP3, restores the glycolysis process in vitro, meanwhile inhibition of NLRP3 has the same effect. CONCLUSION: AKG ameliorates CTX-induced POI by inhibiting NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis, which provides a new therapeutic strategy and drug target for clinical POI patients.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358921

RESUMO

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have garnered significant attention due to their potential as an emerging energy storage solution. Tin sulfide (SnS) has emerged as a promising anode material for SIBs due to its impressive theoretical specific capacity of 1022 mA h g-1 and excellent electrical conductivity. However, its practical application has been hindered by issues such as large volume expansion, which adversely affects cycling stability and rate performance during the charge/discharge processes. In this study, a novel approach to address these issues by synthesizing the bean pod cube hollow metal-organic framework (MOF)-SnSx/NC@N-doped carbon nanofibers through a process involving electrospinning, PDA coating, and calcination. The Sn-MOF serves as a self-sacrificing template, facilitating the simultaneous dissociation of MOF and polymerization of dopamine, leading to the creation of hollow intermediates that retain tin components. Subsequent sulfidation results in the integration of the hollow MOF-SnSx/NC nanoparticles within 3D nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers, forming the distinctive bean pod cube composite structure. This unique configuration effectively shortens the diffusion path and mitigates volume expansion for sodium ions, ultimately yielding an exceptional high rate performance of 130 mA h g-1 (10 A g-1) and an ultralong cycling performance of 328 mA h g-1 even after 3500 cycles (2 A g-1) as the anode for SIBs.

14.
Brief Bioinform ; 25(2)2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349061

RESUMO

Extrachromosomal circular DNA (eccDNA) is currently attracting considerable attention from researchers due to its significant impact on tumor biogenesis. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) methods for eccDNA identification are continually evolving. However, an efficient pipeline for the integrative and comprehensive analysis of eccDNA obtained from HTS data is still lacking. Here, we introduce eccDNA-pipe, an accessible software package that offers a user-friendly pipeline for conducting eccDNA analysis starting from raw sequencing data. This dataset includes data from various sequencing techniques such as whole-genome sequencing (WGS), Circle-seq and Circulome-seq, obtained through short-read sequencing or long-read sequencing. eccDNA-pipe presents a comprehensive solution for both upstream and downstream analysis, encompassing quality control and eccDNA identification in upstream analysis and downstream tasks such as eccDNA length distribution analysis, differential analysis of genes enriched with eccDNA and visualization of eccDNA structures. Notably, eccDNA-pipe automatically generates high-quality publication-ready plots. In summary, eccDNA-pipe provides a comprehensive and user-friendly pipeline for customized analysis of eccDNA research.


Assuntos
DNA Circular , Neoplasias , Humanos , DNA Circular/genética , DNA/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
15.
ACS Nano ; 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345574

RESUMO

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) often accompanies cochlear synaptopathy, which can be potentially reversed to restore hearing. However, there has been little success in achieving complete recovery of sensorineural deafness using nearly noninvasive middle ear drug delivery before. Here, we present a study demonstrating the efficacy of a middle ear delivery system employing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-poly-(dl-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-loaded hydrogel in reversing synaptopathy and restoring hearing function in a mouse model with NIHL. The mouse model achieved using the single noise exposure (NE, 115 dBL, 4 h) exhibited an average 20 dBL elevation of hearing thresholds with intact cochlear hair cells but a loss of ribbon synapses as the primary cause of hearing impairment. We developed a BDNF-PLGA-loaded thermosensitive hydrogel, which was administered via a single controllable injection into the tympanic cavity of noise-exposed mice, allowing its presence in the middle ear for a duration of 2 weeks. This intervention resulted in complete restoration of NIHL at frequencies of click, 4, 8, 16, and 32 kHz. Moreover, the cochlear ribbon synapses exhibited significant recovery, whereas other cochlear components (hair cells and auditory nerves) remained unchanged. Additionally, the cochlea of NE treated mice revealed activation of tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TRKB) signaling upon exposure to BDNF. These findings demonstrate a controllable and minimally invasive therapeutic approach that utilizes a BDNF-PLGA-loaded hydrogel to restore NIHL by specifically repairing cochlear synaptopathy. This tailored middle ear delivery system holds great promise for achieving ideal clinical outcomes in the treatment of NIHL and cochlear synaptopathy.

16.
J Biol Chem ; : 105776, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382670

RESUMO

The CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) constitute a family of pivotal transcription factors involved in tissue development, cellular function, proliferation, and differentiation. NFIL3, as one of them, plays an important role in regulating immune cell differentiation, circadian clock system and neural regeneration, yet its specific DNA recognition mechanism remains enigmatic. In this study, we showed by the ITC binding experiments that NFIL3 prefers to bind to the TTACGTAA DNA motif. Our structural studies revealed that the α-helical NFIL3 bZIP domain dimerizes through its leucine zipper region, and binds to DNA via its basic region. The two basic regions of the NFIL3 bZIP dimer were pushed apart upon binding to DNA, facilitating the snug accommodation of the two basic regions within the major grooves of the DNA. Remarkably, our binding and structural data also revealed that both NFIL3 and C/EBPα/ß demonstrated a shared preference for the TTACGTAA sequence. Furthermore, our study revealed that disease-associated mutations within the NFIL3 bZIP domain resulted in either reduction or complete disruption of its DNA binding ability. These discoveries not only provide valuable insights into the DNA binding mechanisms of NFIL3 but also elucidate the causal role of NFIL3 mutations in disease pathogenesis.

17.
Autoimmunity ; 57(1): 2317190, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377122

RESUMO

Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT), also known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), is an autoimmune disease that is characterised by elevated thyroid-specific antibody titres. The incidence of AIT is increasing year over year, making it urgent to establish a suitable animal model for this condition, in order to better explore its pathogenesis and potential pharmaceutical mechanisms for treatment. Owing to a lack of basic research on this disease, problems such as disparate modelling methods with unclear and varying success rates make it difficult for researchers to obtain effective information on AIT in the short term. This report summarises and analyzes the current literature on AIT and combines actual operability to explain the selection and specific implementation processes behind the uses of different modelling approaches, to provide a better overall understanding of autoimmune thyroid diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Doença de Hashimoto , Tireoidite Autoimune , Animais , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Modelos Animais
18.
Gene ; 904: 148164, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38224923

RESUMO

C2H2-type zinc finger proteins are one of the most widely studied families in plants and play important roles in abiotic stress responses. In the present study, the physicochemical properties, chromosomal locations, evolutionary relationships, and gene structures of 54 C2H2 zinc finger protein (ZFP) family members were analyzed in apple. The MdC2H2-ZFP genes were phylogenetically clustered into seven subfamilies distributed in different densities on 16 chromosomes. The RNA-seq data from various tissues revealed that MdC2H2-ZFPs differentially expressed among root, stem, leaf, flower, and fruits. Quantitative analysis of its expression characteristics showed that the MdC2H2-ZFP genes were rapidly induced as exposure to abiotic stresses such as drought, salt and low temperature etc. Under drought stress, the expression of eight members was significantly up-regulated, and the highest was obtained from MdC2H2-17; as exposure to salt stress, nine MdC2H2-ZFPs was obviously up-regulated, with the highest expression of MdC2H2-13; and under low temperature stress, the expression of seven members was highly up-regulated, and MdC2H2-13 also demonstrated the highest expression which is same as the case under salt stress. Therefore, some members of MdC2H2-ZFP gene family considerably involve in the multiple abiotic stress responses, which may better understand the function of this family and facilitate the breeding of apple for stress tolerance.


Assuntos
Dedos de Zinco CYS2-HIS2 , Malus , Dedos de Zinco CYS2-HIS2/genética , Malus/genética , Malus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Melhoramento Vegetal , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Filogenia , Dedos de Zinco/genética
19.
Expert Rev Mol Diagn ; 24(1-2): 99-106, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the utility and validity of the 21-gene recurrence score (RS) in patients with de novo metastatic breast cancer (dnMBC). This study aimed to investigate the practice patterns as well as associated survival outcomes based on 21-gene RS in dnMBC. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Oncotype database was queried for women with hormone receptor-positive and Her2-negative dnMBC. RESULTS: A total of 153 patients were identified, including 62.7% and 37.3% of patients who had RS < 26 and ≥ 26, respectively. Patients with RS ≥ 26 were more likely to receive chemotherapy compared to those with RS < 26 (61.4% vs. 28.1%, p < 0.001). Patients with RS ≥ 26 had an inferior breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) (2-year BCSS: 84.3% vs. 89.5, p = 0.067) and overall survival (OS) compared to those with RS < 26 (2-year OS: 76.9% vs. 87.4%, p = 0.018). The multivariate Cox proportional hazard models showed that those with RS ≥ 26 had a significantly inferior BCSS (hazard ratio [HR] 2.251, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.056-4.799, p = 0.036) and OS (HR 2.151, 95%CI 1.123-4.120, p = 0.021) compared to those with RS < 26. CONCLUSIONS: The 21-gene RS assay is an important prognostic factor in patients with dnMBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Receptores de Estrogênio/uso terapêutico
20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(2): 1111-1127, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38189855

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a common kind of lethal cancer, with low early diagnostic rate and poor prognosis. In this study, we identified and verified the AMIGO2 with significant diagnostic and prognostic value in PDAC through LASSO regression combined with multiple machines learning methods, including RVM-RFE and Random Forest in TCGA and GEO datasets. The relevance between the expression of AMIGO2 and M2 polarization of macrophages was identified through pancancer, normal tissue, and cell lines data in TCGA, GTEx and CCLE datasets. The relevance between AMIGO2 and M2 polarization was then further identified in our local PDAC cohort. Finally, the role of AMIGO2 as cancer promoter and pivotal factor enrolled in M2 polarization was verified through siRNA transfection and M2 macrophages induction. These findings could facilitate diagnosis and treatment of PDAC. In addition, further research was deemed necessary on the deep mechanism between AMIGO2 and M2 polarization of macrophages in PDAC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo
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