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1.
Physiother Can ; 76(2): 220-229, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725602

RESUMO

Purpose: Research suggests physiotherapists hold negative attitudes and beliefs toward fatness and fat people. Physiotherapists are also health-conscious, and invested in healthy lifestyle behaviours including physical activity. Our purpose was to describe relationships between health orientation, fitness orientation, and fat attitudes. Methods: Physiotherapists (n = 187) and physiotherapy students (n = 34) completed an online survey (Health Orientation Scale, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, Fat Attitudes Assessment Toolkit). Structural equation modeling estimated associations between fat attitudes (dependent variable) and health and fitness orientation (independent variables). Results: Participants scored high in orientation toward fitness and health. We found strong positive associations between fitness orientation and health orientation (p < 0.001). Health orientation was not significantly associated with fat attitudes (p = 0.075), whereas increased age was associated with more positive fat attitudes (p < 0.01). Although most participants acknowledged that factors outside an individual's control contribute to body weight, many also agreed with normative negative perspectives. Conclusions: Physiotherapists are highly oriented toward fitness and health. This may underlie beliefs in the controllability of body weight and contribute to negative attitudes toward fatness and fat people. Further research, with greater sample sizes is necessary to further investigate associations between health orientation and fat attitudes.


Objectif: selon les recherches, les physiothérapeutes ont des attitudes et croyances négatives à l'égard de l'obésité et des personnes obèses. Ils sont également soucieux de la santé et investis dans des comportements sains, y compris l'activité physique. Les chercheurs visaient à décrire la relation entre l'orientation vers la santé, l'orientation vers la forme physique et les attitudes vers l'obésité. Méthodologie: les physiothérapeutes (n = 187) et les étudiants en physiothérapie (n = 34) ont rempli un sondage en ligne (échelle d'orientation vers la santé, questionnaire multidimensionnel des relations entre le corps et soi, outil d'évaluation des attitudes envers l'obésité). Les chercheurs ont utilisé la modélisation des équations structurelles pour estimer les associations entre les attitudes envers l'obésité (variables dépendantes) et l'orientation vers la santé et la forme physique (variables indépendantes). Résultats: les participants ont obtenu un résultat élevé à l'égard de l'orientation vers la forme physique et vers la santé. Les chercheurs ont trouvé des associations positives vigoureuses entre l'orientation vers la forme physique et l'orientation vers la santé (p < 0,001). L'orientation vers la santé n'était pas associée de manière significative aux attitudes envers l'obésité (p = 0,075), mais un âge plus avancé était associé à des attitudes plus positives envers l'obésité (p < 0,01). Même si la plupart des participants reconnaissent que des facteurs hors du contrôle individuel contribuent au poids, bon nombre conviennent également avoir des points de vue négatifs normatifs. Conclusions: les physiothérapeutes sont fortement orientés vers la forme physique et la santé, ce qui peut sous-tendre des croyances à l'égard de la contrôlabilité du poids et contribuer à des attitudes négatives envers l'obésité et les personnes obèses. Il faudra réaliser des recherches plus approfondies auprès d'échantillons plus importants pour étudier les associations entre l'orientation vers la santé et les attitudes envers l'obésité de manière plus approfondie.

2.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(5): 611-620, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704198

RESUMO

PURPOSE: With the rising life expectancy and an aging population, it has become increasingly important to investigate treatments suitable for older adult patients with esophageal cancer. This study investigated whether older adult patients who underwent esophagectomy had better clinical outcomes than those who were nonsurgically treated. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who were 70 years or older and underwent esophagectomy, radiotherapy (RT), and/or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) between January 2018 and December 2019. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the surgery group (S group) and the nonsurgery group (NS group). We then compared the clinical outcomes of the 2 groups. RESULTS: After a median follow-up duration of 36.6 months, the S group showed better overall survival (OS). The 3-year OS was 59% in the S group and 27% in the NS group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.397; 95% CI, 0.278-0.549; P < .0001). In the S group, the median progression-free survival was 38.3 months (95% CI, 30.6-46.1) compared with 12.3 months in the NS group (HR, 0.511; 95% CI, 0.376-0.695; P < .0001). In addition, the number of adverse events in the NS group was higher than that in the S group (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Overall, patients with ESCC at the age of ≥70 years who underwent esophagectomy had significantly better clinical outcomes than those who underwent nonsurgical treatment with RT and/or CRT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Esofagectomia , Pontuação de Propensão , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores Etários , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
3.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1370297, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779071

RESUMO

Objectives: Water-saving and drought-resistance rice (WDR) plays a vital role in the sustainable development of agriculture. Nevertheless, the impacts and processes of water and nitrogen on grain yield in WDR remain unclear. Methods: In this study, Hanyou 73 (WDR) and Hyou 518 (rice) were used as materials. Three kinds of nitrogen fertilizer application rate (NFAR) were set in the pot experiment, including no NFAR (nitrogen as urea applied at 0 g/pot), medium NFAR (nitrogen as urea applied at 15.6 g/pot), and high NFAR (nitrogen as urea applied at 31.2 g/pot). Two irrigation regimes, continuous flooding cultivation and water stress, were set under each NFAR. The relationships between root and shoot morphophysiology and grain yield in WDR were explored. Results: The results demonstrated the following: 1) under the same irrigation regime, the grain yield of two varieties increased with the increase of NFAR. Under the same NFAR, the reduction of irrigation amount significantly reduced the grain yield in Hyou 518 (7.1%-15.1%) but had no substantial influence on the grain yield in Hanyou 73. 2) Under the same irrigation regime, increasing the NFAR could improve the root morphophysiology (root dry weight, root oxidation activity, root bleeding rate, root total absorbing surface area, root active absorbing surface area, and zeatin + zeatin riboside contents in roots) and aboveground physiological indexes (leaf photosynthetic rate, non-structural carbohydrate accumulation in stems, and nitrate reductase activity in leaves) in two varieties. Under the same NFAR, increasing the irrigation amount could significantly increase the above indexes in Hyou 518 (except root dry weight) but has little effect on Hanyou 73. 3) Analysis of correlations revealed that the grain yield of Hyou 518 and Hanyou 73 was basically positively correlated with aboveground physiology and root morphophysiology, respectively. Conclusion: The grain yield could be maintained by water stress under medium NFAR in WDR. The improvement of root morphophysiology is a major factor for high yield under the irrigation regime and NFAR treatments in WDR.

4.
Nanoscale ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770828

RESUMO

In the pursuit of understanding lattice capacity threshold effects of oxide solid solutions for their supported Ni catalysts, a series of Ca2+-doped CeO2 solid solutions with 10 wt% Ni loading (named Ni/CaxCe1-xOy) was prepared using a sol-gel method and used for CO2 methanation. The lattice capacity of Ca2+ in the lattice of CeO2 was firstly determined by the XRD extrapolation method, corresponding to a Ca/(Ca + Ce) molar ratio of 11%. When the amount of Ca2+ in the CaxCe1-xOy supports was close to the CeO2 lattice capacity for Ca2+ incorporation, the obtained Ni/Ca0.1Ce0.9Oy catalyst possessed the optimal intrinsic activity for CO2 methanation. XPS, Raman spectroscopy, EPR and CO2-TPD analyses revealed the largest amount of highly active moderate-strength alkaline centers generated by oxygen vacancies. The catalytic reaction mechanisms were revealed using in situ IR analysis. The results clearly demonstrated that the structure and reactivity of the Ni/CaxCe1-xOy catalyst exhibited the lattice capacity threshold effect. The findings offer a new venue for developing highly efficient oxide-supported Ni catalysts for low-temperature CO2 methanation reaction and enabling efficient catalyst screening.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is a rapidly progressive interstitial nephropathy caused by Aristolochic acid (AA). AAN is associated with the development of nephropathy and urothelial carcinoma. It is estimated that more than 100 million people worldwide are at risk of developing AAN. However, the underlying mechanisms driving renal deterioration in AAN remain poorly understood, and the treatment options are limited. METHODS: We obtained GSE27168 and GSE136276 series matrix data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) related to AAN. Using the R Studio environment, we applied the limma package and WGCNA package to identify co-differently expressed genes (co-DEGs). By GO/KEGG/GSVA analysis, we revealed common biological pathways. Subsequently, co-DEGs were subjected to the String database to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. The MCC algorithms implemented in the Cytohubba plugin were employed to identify hub genes. The hub genes were cross-referenced with the transcription factor (TF) database to identify hub TFs. Immune infiltration analysis was performed to identify key immune cell groups by utilizing CIBERSORT. The expressions of AAN-associated hub TFs were verified in vivo and in vitro. Finally, siRNA intervention was performed on the two TFs to verify their regulatory effect in AAN. RESULTS: Our analysis identified 88 co-DEGs through the "limma" and "WGCNA" R packages. A PPI network comprising 53 nodes and 34 edges was constructed with a confidence level >0.4. ATF3 and c-JUN were identified as hub TFs potentially linked to AAN. Additionally, expressions of ATF3 and c-JUN positively correlated with monocytes, basophils, and vessels, and negatively correlated with eosinophils and endothelial cells. We observed a significant increase in protein and mRNA levels of these two hub TFs. Furthermore, it was found that siRNA intervention targeting ATF3, but not c-JUN, alleviated cell damage induced by AA. The knockdown of ATF3 protects against oxidative stress and inflammation in the AAN cell model. CONCLUSION: This study provides novel insights into the role of ATF3 in AAN. The comprehensive analysis sheds light on the molecular mechanisms and identifies potential biomarkers and drug targets for AAN treatment.


Assuntos
Ácidos Aristolóquicos , Nefropatias , Fatores de Transcrição , Ácidos Aristolóquicos/toxicidade , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/genética , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Fator 3 Ativador da Transcrição/genética , Fator 3 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10248, 2024 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702372

RESUMO

Ambient air temperature is a key factor affecting human health. Female reproductive disorders are representative health risk events under low temperature. However, the mechanism involving in cold-induced female reproductive disorders remains largely unknown. Female mice were intermittently exposed to cold conditions (4 °C) to address the health risk of low temperature on female reproductive system. Primary granulosa cells (GCs) were prepared and cultured under low temperature (35 °C) or exposed to ß3-adrenoreceptor agonist, isoproterenol, to mimic the condition of cold exposure. Western-blot, RT-PCR, co-IP, ELISA, pharmacological inhibition or siRNA-mediated knockdown of target gene were performed to investigate the possible role of hormones, gap conjunction proteins, and ER stress sensor protein in regulating female reproductive disorders under cold exposure. Cold exposure induced estrous cycle disorder and follicular dysplasia in female mice, accompanying with abnormal upregulation of progesterone and its synthetic rate-limiting enzyme, StAR, in the ovarian granulosa cells. Under the same conditions, an increase in connexin 43 (CX43) expressions in the GCs was also observed, which contributed to elevated progesterone levels in the ovary. Moreover, ER stress sensor protein, PERK, was activated in the ovarian GCs after cold exposure, leading to the upregulation of downstream NRF2-dependent CX43 transcription and aberrant increase in progesterone synthesis. Most importantly, blocking PERK expression in vivo significantly inhibited NRF2/CX43/StAR/progesterone pathway activation in the ovary and efficiently rescued the prolongation of estrous cycle and the increase in follicular atresia of the female mice induced by cold stress. We have elucidated the mechanism of ovarian PERK/NRF2/CX43/StAR/progesterone pathway activation in mediating female reproductive disorder under cold exposure. Targeting PERK might be helpful for maintaining female reproductive health under cold conditions.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Conexina 43 , Células da Granulosa , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Progesterona , Transdução de Sinais , eIF-2 Quinase , Animais , Feminino , eIF-2 Quinase/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Camundongos , Progesterona/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Conexina 43/genética , Temperatura Baixa/efeitos adversos , Ovário/metabolismo , Ciclo Estral
7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 175: 116747, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744217

RESUMO

Schizophrenia, influenced by genetic and environmental factors, may involve epigenetic alterations, notably histone modifications, in its pathogenesis. This review summarizes various histone modifications including acetylation, methylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitination, serotonylation, lactylation, palmitoylation, and dopaminylation, and their implications in schizophrenia. Current research predominantly focuses on histone acetylation and methylation, though other modifications also play significant roles. These modifications are crucial in regulating transcription through chromatin remodeling, which is vital for understanding schizophrenia's development. For instance, histone acetylation enhances transcriptional efficiency by loosening chromatin, while increased histone methyltransferase activity on H3K9 and altered histone phosphorylation, which reduces DNA affinity and destabilizes chromatin structure, are significant markers of schizophrenia.

8.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 15(19): 5159-5164, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713012

RESUMO

Colloidal molecule clusters (CMCs) are promising building blocks with molecule-like symmetry, offering exceptional synergistic properties for applications in plasmonics and catalysis. Traditional CMC fabrication has been limited to simple molecule-like structures utilizing isotropic particles. Here, we employ molecular dynamics simulation to investigate the co-assembly of anisotropic nanorods (NRs) and the stimulus-responsive polymer (SRP) via reversible adsorption. The results of the simulation show that it is possible to fabricate hypercoordination complex structures with high symmetry from the co-assembly of NRs and the SRP, even in analogy to the Th(BH4)4 structure. The coordination number of these CMCs can be precisely programmed by adjusting the shape and size of the ends of the NRs and the SRP cohesion energy. Furthermore, a finite-difference time-domain simulation indicates these hypercoordination structures exhibit significantly enhanced optical activity and plasmonic coupling effects. These findings introduce a new design approach for complex molecule-like structures utilizing anisotropic nanoparticles and may expand the applications of CMCs in photonics.

9.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 670: 152-162, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761568

RESUMO

Metal selenides are promising anode candidates for sodium ion batteries (SIBs) because of their high theoretical capacity, low cost, and environmental friendship. However, the low rate capability at high current density due to its inherent low electrical conductivity and poor cycle stability caused by inevitable volume variations during cycling frustrate its practical applications. Herein, we have developed a simple metallic-organic frameworks (MOFs)-derived selenide strategy to synthesize a series of heterogeneous bimetallic selenides encapsulated within graphene aerogels (GA) as anodes for SIBs. The bimetallic selenides/GA composites have unique structural characteristics that can shorten the migration path for Na+/electrons and accommodate the volume variations via additional void space during cycling. The built-in electric fields induced at the heterointerfaces can greatly reduce the activation energy for rapid charge transfer kinetics and promote the diffusion of Na+/electrons. GA is also beneficial for accommodating the volume variations during cycling and improving conductivity. As an advanced anode for SIBs, the MoSe2-Cu1.82Se@GA with a special porous octahedron can deliver the highest capacity of 444.8 mAh/g at a high rate of 1 A/g even after 1000 cycles among the bimetallic selenides/GA composites.

10.
ACS Nano ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757652

RESUMO

The ability to precisely identify crystal orientation as well as to nondestructively modulate optical anisotropy in atomically thin rhenium dichalcogenides is critical for the future development of polarization programmable optoelectronic devices, which remains challenging. Here, we report a modified polarized optical imaging (POI) method capable of simultaneously identifying in-plane (Re chain) and out-of-plane (c-axis) crystal orientations of the monolayer to few-layer ReS2, meanwhile, propose a nondestructive approach to modulate the optical anisotropy in ReS2 via twist stacking. The results show that parallel and near-cross POI are effective to independently identify the in-plane and out-of-plane crystal orientations, respectively, while regulating the twist angle allows for giant modulation of in-plane optical anisotropy from highly intrinsic anisotropy to complete optical isotropy in the stacked ReS2 bilayer (with either the same or opposite c-axes), as well modeled by linear electromagnetic theory. Overall, this study not only develops a simple optical method for precise crystal orientation identification but also offers an efficient light polarization control strategy, which is a big step toward the practical application of anisotropic van der Waals materials in the design of nanophotonic and optoelectronic devices.

11.
Mol Divers ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739229

RESUMO

To discover new Werner (WRN) helicase inhibitors, a series of N-aryl-2-trifluoromethyl-quinazoline-4-amine derivatives were designed and synthesized through a structural optimization strategy, and the anticancer activities of 25 new target compounds against PC3, K562, and HeLa cell lines were evaluated by the MTT assay. Some of these compounds exhibited excellent inhibitory activity against three different cancer cell lines. Compounds 6a, 8i, and 13a showed better antiproliferative activity against K562 cells, with IC50 values of 3871.5, 613.6 and 134.7 nM, respectively, than did paclitaxel (35.6 nM), doxorubicin (2689.0 nM), and NSC 617145 (20.3 nM). To further verify whether the antiproliferative activity of these compounds is dependent on WRN, PC3 cells overexpressing WRN (PC3-WRN) were constructed to further study their antiproliferative potency in vitro, and the inhibition ratio and IC20 values showed that compounds 6a, 8i, and 13a were more sensitive to PC3-WRN than were the control group cells (PC3-NC). The IC20 ratios of compounds 6a, 8i, and 13a to PC3-NC and PC3-WRN were 94.3, 153.4 and 505.5, respectively. According to the docking results, the compounds 6a, 8i, and 13a overlapped well with the binding pocket of 6YHR. Further study demonstrated that among the tested compounds, 13a was the most sensitive to PC3-WRN. In summary, our research identified a series of N-aryl-2-trifluoromethyl-quinazoline-4-amine derivatives as potential WRN-dependent anticancer agents.

12.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 19(1): 208, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When using traditional extensible intramedullary rods to treat congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT), there were cases of re-fracture and internal fixation fracture. Therefore, the authors propose a research hypothesis that a thicker distal extensible intramedullary rod can better protect the tibia and reduce the incidence of refracture PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of new and traditional extensible intramedullary rods in the treatment of CPT in children METHODS: From January 2017 to December 2021, the clinical data of 49 children with CPT who were treated with traditional extensible intramedullary rod combined surgery (group A) and new extensible intramedullary rod combined surgery (group B) in our hospital were collected. Inclusive criteria: ① Crawford type IV CPT children; ② The operation was performed by the same team. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: patients with multiple tibial angulation. During follow-up, the initial healing, proximal tibial valgus, tibial length, ankle valgus, refracture and intramedullary rod displacement of CPT children in the two groups were evaluated RESULTS: It was a retrospective investigation. In group A, 26 cases met the inclusion criteria, 24 cases achieved primary healing, with an primary healing rate of 92%, including 1 case of nonunion due to osteomyelitis complications after surgery, and 1 case of delayed healing, with an average healing time of 4.7 ± 0.8 months. 17 cases (68%) had unequal tibia length, with an average difference of 1.6 ± 0.8 cm. Ankle valgus occurred in 10 cases (40%) with an average of 14.4°±4.8°; Proximal tibial valgus occurred in 6 cases (24%) with an average of 7 °± 1.8 °. 20 cases (80%) had tip of the rod migration.10 cases (40%) had re-fracture; The average follow-up time was 2.4 ± 0.4 years. In group B, 22 patients achieved primary healing, and the primary healing rate was 95%, including 1 case with delayed healing. The average healing time was 4.7 ± 1.7months. 14 cases (61%) had unequal tibia length, with an average difference of 1 ± 0.5 cm. Ankle valgus occurred in 4 cases (17%) with an average of 12.3 °±4.9°; The proximal tibia valgus occurred in 9 cases (39%), with an average of 7.7 °±2.5 °. 14 cases (61%) had new type of intramedullary rod displacement. 3 cases (13%) had re-fracture; The average follow-up time was 2.3 ± 0.6years CONCLUSION: Compared with the traditional extended intramedullary rod combined operation, the new type of extended intramedullary rod combined operation has a lower incidence of re-fracture after CPT, but it still needs to be verified by large sample and multi-center research.


Assuntos
Pseudoartrose , Tíbia , Humanos , Pseudoartrose/cirurgia , Pseudoartrose/congênito , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Criança , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Mater Chem B ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716615

RESUMO

The healing of scalded wounds faces many challenges such as chronic inflammation, oxidative stress, wound infection, and difficulties in vascular and nerve regeneration. Treating a single problem cannot effectively coordinate the complex regenerative microenvironment of scalded wounds, limiting the healing and functional recovery of the skin. Therefore, there is a need to develop a multi-effect treatment plan that can adaptively address the issues at each stage of wound healing. In this study, we propose a scheme for on-demand release of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) based on the concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the wound microenvironment. This is achieved by encapsulating peroxythiocarbamate (PTCM) in the ROS-responsive polymer poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(L-methionine) (PMet) to form nanoparticles, which are loaded into a thermosensitive injectable hydrogel, F127-poly(L-aspartic acid-N-hydroxysuccinimide) (F127-P(Asp-NHS)), to create a scald dressing. The H2S released by the hydrogel dressing on demand regulates the wound microenvironment by alleviating infection, reducing oxidative stress, and remodeling inflammation, thereby accelerating the healing of full-thickness scalded wounds. This hydrogel dressing for the adaptive release of H2S has great potential in addressing complex scalded wounds associated with infection and chronic inflammation.

14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 175: 116651, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692062

RESUMO

Voltage-gated potassium channel 1.3 (Kv1.3) has emerged as a pivotal player in numerous biological processes and pathological conditions, sparking considerable interest as a potential therapeutic target across various diseases. In this review, we present a comprehensive examination of Kv1.3 channels, highlighting their fundamental characteristics and recent advancements in utilizing Kv1.3 inhibitors for treating autoimmune disorders, neuroinflammation, and cancers. Notably, Kv1.3 is prominently expressed in immune cells and implicated in immune responses and inflammation associated with autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammatory conditions. Moreover, its aberrant expression in certain tumors underscores its role in cancer progression. While preclinical studies have demonstrated the efficacy of Kv1.3 inhibitors, their clinical translation remains pending. Molecular imaging techniques offer promising avenues for tracking Kv1.3 inhibitors and assessing their therapeutic efficacy, thereby facilitating their development and clinical application. Challenges and future directions in Kv1.3 inhibitor research are also discussed, emphasizing the significant potential of targeting Kv1.3 as a promising therapeutic strategy across a spectrum of diseases.

15.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2400707, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563114

RESUMO

Existing artificial periostea face many challenges, including difficult-to-replicate anisotropy in mechanics and structure, poor tissue adhesion, and neglected synergistic angiogenesis and osteogenesis. Here, inspired by natural wood (NW), a wood-derived elastic artificial periosteum is developed to mimic the structure and functions of natural periosteum, which combines an elastic wood (EW) skeleton, a polydopamine (PDA) binder layer, and layer-by-layer (LBL) biofunctional layers. Specifically, EW derived from NW is utilized as the anisotropic skeleton of artificial periosteum to guide cell directional behaviors, moreover, it also shows a similar elastic modulus and flexibility to natural periosteum. To further enhance its synergistic angiogenesis and osteogenesis, surface LBL biofunctional layers are designed to serve as spatiotemporal release platforms to achieve sequential and long-term release of pamidronate disodium (PDS) and deferoxamine (DFO), which are pre-encapsulated in chitosan (CS) and hyaluronic acid (HA) solutions, respectively. Furthermore, the combined effect of PDA coating and LBL biofunctional layers enables the periosteum to tightly adhere to damaged bone tissue. More importantly, this novel artificial periosteum can boost angiogenesis and bone formation in vitro and in vivo. This study opens up a new path for biomimetic design of artificial periosteum, and provides a feasible clinical strategy for bone repair.

16.
J Gynecol Oncol ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mirvetuximab soravtansine (MIRV), a new antibody-drug conjugate, versus the investigator's choice of chemotherapy (IC) was the first treatment to demonstrate benefits for progression-free and overall survival in platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer (PROC) with high folate receptor-alpha (high-FRα) expression. Efficacy, safety, and economic effectiveness make MIRV the new standard of care for these patients. METHODS: Based on patients and clinical parameters from MIRASOL (GOG 3045/ENGOT-ov55) phase III randomized controlled trials, the Markov model with a 20-year time horizon was established to evaluate the cost and efficacy of MIRV and IC for PROC with high-FRα expression, considering the bevacizumab-pretreated situation from the American healthcare system. Total cost, life-years (LYs), quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), and incremental net health benefits were the main outcome indicators and compared with willingness-to-pay threshold of $100,000/QALY. Sensitivity and scenario analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Compared with the IC, MIRV was associated with incremental costs of $538,251, $575,674, and $188,248 with the corresponding QALYs (LYs) increased by 0.90 (1.55), 1.09 (1.88), and 0.53 (0.79), leading to ICERs of $596,189/QALY ($347,995/LY), $530,061/QALY ($306,894/LY), and $1,011,310/QALY ($680,025/LY) in the overall, bevacizumab-naïve, and bevacizumab-pretreated patients, respectively. When MIRV is reduced by more than 75%, it may be a cost-effective treatment. CONCLUSION: At the current price, MIRV for PROC with high-FRα expression is not the cost-effective strategy in the US. However, its treatment has higher health benefits in bevacizumab-naïve patients, which is likely to be an alternative.

17.
J Mol Neurosci ; 74(2): 35, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568443

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible neurological disorder characterized by insidious onset. Identifying potential markers in its emergence and progression is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment. Imaging genetics typically merges genetic variables with multiple imaging parameters, employing various association analysis algorithms to investigate the links between pathological phenotypes and genetic variations, and to unearth molecular-level insights from brain images. However, most existing imaging genetics algorithms based on sparse learning assume a linear relationship between genetic factors and brain functions, limiting their ability to discern complex nonlinear correlation patterns and resulting in reduced accuracy. To address these issues, we propose a novel nonlinear imaging genetic association analysis method, Deep Self-Reconstruction-based Adaptive Sparse Multi-view Deep Generalized Canonical Correlation Analysis (DSR-AdaSMDGCCA). This approach facilitates joint learning of the nonlinear relationships between pathological phenotypes and genetic variations by integrating three different types of data: structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), and gene expression data. By incorporating nonlinear transformations in DGCCA, our model effectively uncovers nonlinear associations across multiple data types. Additionally, the DSR algorithm clusters samples with identical labels, incorporating label information into the nonlinear feature extraction process and thus enhancing the performance of association analysis. The application of the DSR-AdaSMDGCCA algorithm on real data sets identified several AD risk regions (such as the hippocampus, parahippocampus, and fusiform gyrus) and risk genes (including VSIG4, NEDD4L, and PINK1), achieving maximum classification accuracy with the fewest selected features compared to baseline algorithms. Molecular biology enrichment analysis revealed that the pathways enriched by these top genes are intimately linked to AD progression, affirming that our algorithm not only improves correlation analysis performance but also identifies biologically significant markers.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Marcadores Genéticos , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Fenótipo , Algoritmos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 9(3): 436-444, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616975

RESUMO

The production of androst-4-ene-3,17-dione (AD) by the steroidal microbial cell factory requires transcription factors (TFs) to participate in metabolic regulation. However, microbial cell factory lacks effective TFs that can respond to AD in its metabolic pathway. Additionally, finding and obtaining natural TFs that specifically respond to AD is a complex and onerous task. In this study, we devised an artificial TF that responds to AD, termed AdT, based on structure-guided molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. According to MD analysis of the conformational changes of AdT after binding to AD, an LBD in which the N- and C-termini exhibited convergence tendencies was used as a microswitch to guide the assembly of a DNA-binding domain lexA, a linker (GGGGS)2, and a transcription activation domain B42 into an artificial TF. As a proof of design, a AD biosensor was designed and constructed in yeast on the basis of the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of hormone receptor. In addition, the transcription factor activity of AdT was increased by 1.44-fold for its variant F320Y. Overall, we created non-natural TF elements for AD microbial cell factory, and expected that the design TF strategy will be applied to running in parallel to the signaling machinery of the host cell.

19.
One Health ; 18: 100725, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623497

RESUMO

Background: China is confronted with the significant menace posed by hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Nevertheless, the long-term spatial-temporal variations, regional prevalence patterns, and fundamental determinants' mechanisms for HFRS remain inadequately elucidated. Methods: Newly diagnosed cases of HFRS from January 2004 to December 2019 were acquired from the China Public Health Science Data repository. We used Age-period-cohort and Bayesian Spacetime Hierarchy models to identify high-risk populations and regions in mainland China. Additionally, the Geographical Detector model was employed to quantify the determinant powers of significant driver factors to the disease. Results: A total of 199,799 cases of HFRS were reported in mainland China during 2004-2019. The incidence of HFRS declined from 1.93 per 100,000 in 2004 to 0.69 per 100,000 in 2019. The incidence demonstrated an inverted U-shaped trend with advancing age, peaking in the 50-54 age group, with higher incidences observed among individuals aged 20-74 years. Hyperendemic areas were mainly concentrated in the northeastern regions of China, while some western provinces exhibited a potential upward trend. Geographical detector model identified that the spatial variations of HFRS were significantly associated with the relative humidity (Q = 0.36), forest cover (Q = 0.26), rainfall (Q = 0.18), temperature (Q = 0.16), and the surface water resources (Q = 0.14). Conclusions: This study offered comprehensive examinations of epidemic patterns, identified high-risk areas quantitatively, and analyzed factors influencing HFRS transmission in China. The findings may contribute to the necessary implementations for the effective prevention and control of HFRS.

20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 280, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) after Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial, and the purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of CBT on pain, knee function, and psychological status of patients after TKA. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases such as CNKI, CBM, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for randomized controlled studies up to February 30, 2023. Screening against inclusion criteria to select valid studies and extract data. The quality of included studies was evaluated by the Cochrane Collaboration risk-of-bias 2 (RoB 2) tool for randomized trials. Statistical analysis of the data from this study was carried out using Stata 15.1 software. RESULTS: Finally, our meta-analysis incorporated seven randomized controlled studies of high quality, including 608 patients. The findings of the meta-analysis demonstrated a noteworthy decrease in kinesiophobia levels during the early postoperative phase in the CBT group as compared to the usual care group (WMD = -6.35, 95% CI: -7.98 to -4.72, Z = 7.64, P < 0.001). However, no statistically significant difference between the CBT and usual care groups in terms of postoperative pain as well as knee function. CONCLUSION: CBT may effectively reduce the level of kinesiophobia in the short term after TKA, but did not significantly relieve knee pain or improve knee function.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
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