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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149764, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461477

RESUMO

Intensive and indiscriminate use of insecticides in agroecosystems causes phytotoxic disturbances in non-target crops. However, the mechanisms by which plants reprogram cellular metabolites to resist and tolerate such agrochemicals remain unclear. Here, the interaction between lettuce plants with imidacloprid and fenvalerate was investigated by the complementary use of physiological and metabolomic analyses. Neither imidacloprid nor fenvalerate induced overt phytotoxicity in lettuce seedlings. The plant biomass, chlorophyll fluorescence, lipid peroxidation, and membrane integrity were not significantly affected by the selected insecticides. Flavonoid content decreased by 25% in lettuce leaves under fenvalerate exposure, whereas polyphenol and flavonoid contents were not significantly altered by imidacloprid. Although the content of most of the nutrient element in the leaves remained the same following pesticide treatment, iron content decreased by 28.1% under imidacloprid exposure but increased by 22.8% under fenvalerate exposure. Metabolomic analysis revealed that the selected insecticides induced extensive metabolic reprogramming in lettuce roots and shoots. Imidacloprid dramatically increased the metabolism of several amino acids (arginine, cysteine, homoserine, and 4-hydroxyisoleucine), whereas markedly decreased the metabolism of various carbohydrates (glucose, raffinose, maltotetraose, maltopentaose, and stachyose). Fenvalerate did not significantly alter amino acid metabolism but decreased carbohydrate metabolism. Additionally, the relative abundance of most organic acids and polyphenolic compounds decreased significantly after pesticide exposure. These results suggest that plants might program their primary and secondary metabolism to resist and tolerate insecticides. The findings of this study provide important information on how neonicotinoid and pyrethroid insecticides affect the health and physiological state of plants, which are ultimately associated with crop yield and quality.


Assuntos
Alface , Piretrinas , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrilas , Nitrocompostos , Folhas de Planta , Piretrinas/toxicidade
2.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 685773, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858165

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of breast cancer with complex heterogeneity, high invasiveness, and long-term poor prognosis. With the development of molecular pathology and molecular genetics, the gene map of TNBC with distinctive biological characteristics has been outlined more clearly. Natural plant extracts such as paclitaxel, vinblastine, colchicine etc., have occupied an important position in the treatment of hormone-independent breast cancer. Ursolic acid (UA), a triterpenoid acid compound derived from apple, pear, loquat leaves, etc., has been reported to be effective in a variety of cancer treatments, but there are few reports on the treatment of TNBC. This study performed comprehensive bioinformatics analysis and in vitro experiments to identify the effect of UA on TNBC treatment and its potential molecular mechanism. Our results showed that UA could not only reduce the proliferation, migration, and invasion in MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cell lines with a dose-dependent manner but also induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Meanwhile, we collected the gene expression data GSE45827 and GSE65194 from GEO for comparison between TNBC and normal cell type and obtained 724 DEGs. Subsequently, PLK1 and CCNB1 related to TNBC were screened as the key targets via topological analysis and molecular docking, and gene set enrichment analysis identified the key pathway as the p53 signaling pathway. In addition, quantitative real-time PCR and western blot verified the key genes were PLK1 and CCNB1. In vivo and in vitro experiments showed that UA could inhibit the growth of TNBC cells, and down-regulate the protein expression levels of PLK1 and CCNB1 by mediating p53 signaling pathway. These findings provide strong evidence for UA intervention in TNBC via multi-target therapy.

3.
Front Oncol ; 11: 726239, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804920

RESUMO

Pathological MVI diagnosis could help to determine the prognosis and need for adjuvant therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, narrative reporting (NR) would miss relevant clinical information and non-standardized sampling would underestimate MVI detection. Our objective was to explore the impact of innovative synoptic reporting (SR) and seven-point sampling (SPRING) protocol on microvascular invasion (MVI) rate and patient outcomes. In retrospective cohort, we extracted MVI status from NR in three centers and re-reviewed specimen sections by SR recommended by the College of American Pathologists (CAP) in our center. In prospective cohort, our center implemented the SPRING protocol, and external centers remained traditional pathological examination. MVI rate was compared between our center and external centers in both cohorts. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) before and after implementation was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. In retrospective study, we found there was no significant difference in MVI rate between our center and external centers [10.3% (115/1112) vs. 12.4% (35/282), P=0.316]. In our center, SR recommended by CAP improved the MVI detection rate from 10.3 to 38.6% (P<0.001). In prospective study, the MVI rate in our center under SPRING was significantly higher than external centers (53.2 vs. 17%, P<0.001). RFS of MVI (-) patients improved after SPRING in our center (P=0.010), but it remained unchanged in MVI (+) patients (P=0.200). We conclude that the SR recommended by CAP could help to improve MVI detection rate. Our SPRING protocol could help to further improve the MVI rate and optimize prognostic stratification for HCC patients.

4.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 626, 2021 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the association between diabetes mellitus and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of older people in Shanghai, China, especially regarding the differences in each aspect of the EQ-5D and how large the score gaps are between older people with and without diabetes. METHODS: A total of 11,103 people of either sex older than 60 years were enrolled from 17 districts of Shanghai. The EQ-5D-3L was used to assess the HRQoL of older people. The Wilcoxon rank sum test and t-test were used to compare the difference in HRQoL between people with or without diabetes. After univariate regression, multiple linear regression and ordinal logistic regression were conducted to evaluate the influence of diabetes mellitus and other confounding variables on the EQ VAS scores and on the five dimensions of the EQ-5D. RESULTS: Twelve percent of all participants had diabetes mellitus, and the proportion was almost the same between men and women. The EQ VAS scores of people with diabetes mellitus were approximately 3.70 points lower than those of people without diabetes (95% CI = -4.40, -2.99, p < 0.001) after adjusting for confounding variables. People with diabetes mellitus had increased problems with mobility (OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.33, 1.85), self-care (OR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.35, 2.01), usual activities (OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.51, 2.11), pain/discomfort (OR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.24, 1.64), and anxiety/depression (OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.07, 1.64). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that diabetes mellitus was associated with the HRQoL of older people and that older people with diabetes had poorer performance in every aspect of EQ-5D measurements.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Depressão , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(46): 11399-11405, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788048

RESUMO

Sr2Be2B2O7 (SBBO) has long been considered as one of the most promising deep-ultraviolet nonlinear optical materials, but its crystal structure described by space group P6̅c2 in previous studies has remained questionable. On the basis of first-principles calculations coupled with the high-throughput crystal structure prediction method, we found three energetically favorable structures for SBBO with space groups Cm, Pm, and P6̅. These structures and a superstructure of space group Pm-S derived from the Cm structure were refined by the Rietveld method using the available powder X-ray diffraction data. These analyses show that the Pm-S structure is the best one, but its parent Cm structure is almost equally good and has the advantage of having higher symmetry. Via atom response theory analysis, we resolved the cause for the second-harmonic generation (SHG) responses of SBBO at the atomic and orbital level to elucidate the importance of local inversion symmetry in reducing the SHG response.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151474, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742809

RESUMO

Bacteria-facilitated phytoextraction has been gaining recognition for the phytoremediation of heavy metal (HM)-contaminated soils. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether catabolizing abscisic acid (ABA) in hyperaccumulating plants via rhizobacteria could facilitate HM phytoextraction. In this study, inoculation with the ABA-catabolizing bacterium, Rhodococcus qingshengii, increased HM (Cd, Zn, Pb, and Cu) concentrations in the shoots of hyperaccumulators Vetiveria zizanioides, Brassica juncea, Lolium perenne L., Solanum nigrum L., and Sedum alfredii Hance grown in mildly and severely contaminated soils by 28.8%-331.3%, 8.5%-393.4%, 21.2%-222.5%, 14.7%-115.5%, and 28.3%-174.2%, respectively, compared with non-inoculated plants. The fresh biomass of these hyperaccumulators was elevated by 16.5%-94.4%, compared to that of the bacteria-free control. Phytoremediation potential indices, including bioconcentration and translocation factors, also revealed that the bacteria markedly boosted the phytoextraction efficacy from soil. Furthermore, principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that the effects of bacteria on the concentrations of Cd and Zn in hyperaccumulators were significantly correlated with ABA metabolism, but not with Pb and Cu. Combined with the synergistic effects on plant biomass, the bacteria also improved the phytoextraction of Pb and Cu in hyperaccumulators. Overall, the application of microorganism-assisted remediation based on ABA-catabolizing bacteria might be an alternative strategy for enhancing phytoremediation efficiency in HM-contaminated soils.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 557678, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733857

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the use of tourniquet and forceps to reduce bleeding during surgical treatment of severe placenta accreta spectrum (placenta increta and placenta percreta). Methods: A tourniquet was used in the lower part of the uterus during surgical treatment of severe placenta accreta spectrum. Severe placenta accreta spectrum was classified into two types according to the relative position of the placenta and tourniquet during surgery: upper-tourniquet type, in which the entire placenta was above the tourniquet, and lower-tourniquet type, in which part or all of the placenta was below the tourniquet. The surgical effects of the two types were retrospectively compared. We then added forceps to the lower-tourniquet group to achieve further bleeding reduction. Finally, the surgical effects of the two types were prospectively compared. Results: During the retrospective phase, patients in the lower-tourniquet group experienced more severe symptoms than did patients in the upper-tourniquet group, based on mean intraoperative blood loss (upper-tourniquet group 787.5 ml, lower-tourniquet group 1434.4 ml) intensive care unit admission rate (upper-tourniquet group 1.0%, lower-tourniquet group 33.3%), and length of hospital stay (upper-tourniquet group 10.2d, lower-tourniquet group 12.1d). During the prospective phase, after introduction of the revised surgical method involving forceps (in the lower-tourniquet group), the lower-tourniquet group exhibited improvements in the above indicators (intraoperative average blood loss 722.9 ml, intensive care unit admission rate 4.3%, hospital stays 9.0d). No increase in the rate of complications was observed. Conclusion: The relative positions of the placenta and tourniquet may influence the perioperative risk of severe placenta accreta spectrum. The method using a tourniquet (and forceps if necessary) can improve the surgical effect in cases of severe placenta accreta spectrum.

8.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(10): 1425-1439, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721775

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, including malignancies in the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organs of digestion, represent the leading cause of death worldwide due to the poor prognosis of most GI cancers. An investigation into the potential molecular targets of prediction, diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy in GI cancers is urgently required. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) clamp associated factor (PCLAF), which plays an essential role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle regulation by binding to PCNA, is a potential molecular target of GI cancers as it contributes to a series of malignant properties, including tumorigenesis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, migration, and invasion. Furthermore, PCLAF is an underlying plasma prediction target in colorectal cancer and liver cancer. In addition to GI cancers, PCLAF is also involved in other types of cancers and autoimmune diseases. Several pivotal pathways, including the Rb/E2F pathway, NF-κB pathway, and p53-p21 cascade, are implicated in PCLAF-mediated diseases. PCLAF also contributes to some diseases through dysregulation of the p53 pathway, WNT signal pathway, MEK/ERK pathway, and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal cascade. This review mainly describes in detail the role of PCLAF in physiological status and GI cancers. The signaling pathways involved in PCLAF are also summarized. Suppression of the interaction of PCLAF/PCNA or the expression of PCLAF might be potential biological therapeutic strategies for GI cancers.

9.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate feasibility of the quantitative parameters of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) to assess therapy response in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with the traditional enhanced CT parameters based on the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines. METHODS: Forty-five patients with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC who underwent DECT before and after chemotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) were prospectively enrolled. By comparing baseline studies with follow-up, patients were divided into two groups according to RECIST guidelines as follows: disease control (DC, including partial response and stable disease) and progressive disease (PD). The diameter (D), attenuation, iodine concentration and normalized iodine concentration of arterial and venous phases (ICA, ICv, NICA, NICv) and the percentage of these changes pre- and post-therapy were measured and calculated. The Pearson correlation was used to analyze correlation between various quantitative parameters. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate accuracy of therapy response prediction. RESULTS: The change percentages of Attenuation (Δ-Attenuation-A and Δ-Attenuation-V), IC (ΔICA and ΔICV) and NIC (ΔNICA and ΔNICV) pre- and post-therapy correlate with the change percentage of D (ΔD). Among these, ΔICA strongly correlates with ΔD (r = 0.793, P <  0.001). The areas under ROC curves generated using Δ-Attenuation-A, ΔICA, and ΔNICA are 0.796, 0.900, and 0.880 with the corresponding cutoff value of 9.096, -15.692, and -4.7569, respectively, which are significantly different (P <  0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The quantitative parameters of DECT iodine map, especially iodine concentration, in arterial phase provides a new quantitative image marker to predict therapy response of patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC.

10.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118221, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740294

RESUMO

Sulfur, an essential macronutrient, plays important roles in plant development and stress mitigation. Sulfur deficiency, a common problem in agricultural soils, may disturb plant stress resistance and xenobiotic detoxification. In the present study, the function and mechanism of limited sulfur nutrition on the residues and phtotoxicity of imidacloprid were investigated in lettuce plants. Sulfur deficiency significantly increased imidacloprid accumulation in lettuce tissues, exacerbated imidacloprid biological toxicity by enhancing the accumulation of toxic metabolites, like imidacloprid-olefin. Simultaneously, imidacloprid-induced detoxification enzymes including cytochromes P450, glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and glycosyltransferases were inhibited under limited sulfur supply. On the other hand, sulfur deficiency further enhanced the generation of reactive oxygen species and exacerbated lipid peroxidation in lettuce tissues. Sulfur deficiency mainly reduced the abundance of thiol groups, which are essential redox modulators as well as xenobiotic conjugators, and significantly inhibited GSTs expression. These results clearly suggested that sulfur deficiency inhibited the synthesis of sulfur-containing compounds, leading to increased accumulation of pesticide residues and toxic metabolites as well as reduced detoxification capacity, consequently leading to oxidative damage to plants. Therefore, moderate sulfur supply in regions where neonicotinoid insecticides are intensively and indiscriminately used may be an efficient strategy to reduce pesticide residues and the potential risk to ecosystem.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Plântula , Ecossistema , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Alface , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Enxofre
11.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127638, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801314

RESUMO

The enhanced heavy metal (HM) phytoextraction efficiency of hyperaccumulating plants via plant-growth-promoting microbes has been proposed as an effective strategy to remove HMs from contaminated soil. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether catabolizing the abscisic acid (ABA) in hyperaccumulating plants via rhizobacteria can facilitate HM phytoextraction. In the present study, a hyperaccumulator, Sedum alfredii Hance, inoculated with an ABA-catabolizing bacterium Rhodococcus qingshengii, showed higher concentrations of Zn, Cd, Ni, and Pb in the contaminated paddy-grown plant shoots by 35%, 63%, 49%, and 49%, and in plants grown in mine soils by 112%, 105%, 46%, and 49%, respectively, than in the controlbacteria-free plants. However, no significant changes were observed in Cu content between these plants. Furthermore, parameters indicating phytoremediation potential, including the translocation factor (TF) and bioconcentration factor (BCF), revealed that bacterial inoculation could markedly increase the efficacy of Zn, Cd, Ni, and Pb phytoextraction from the soil. Notably, the bioavailabilities of HMs in soils were not influenced by R. qingshengii; however, the expression of transporters related to the uptake of these HMs, including SaIRT1, SaZIP1, SaZIP2, SaZIP3, SaNramp1, SaNramp3, SaNramp6, SaHMA2, and SaHMA3, was upregulated. These findings indicate that R. qingshengii inoculation could increase the HM-uptake ability of plants by catabolizing ABA and may provide a promising strategy for enhancing the phytoremediation efficacy in HM-contaminated soils.

12.
Nature ; 598(7879): 174-181, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616072

RESUMO

Dendritic and axonal morphology reflects the input and output of neurons and is a defining feature of neuronal types1,2, yet our knowledge of its diversity remains limited. Here, to systematically examine complete single-neuron morphologies on a brain-wide scale, we established a pipeline encompassing sparse labelling, whole-brain imaging, reconstruction, registration and analysis. We fully reconstructed 1,741 neurons from cortex, claustrum, thalamus, striatum and other brain regions in mice. We identified 11 major projection neuron types with distinct morphological features and corresponding transcriptomic identities. Extensive projectional diversity was found within each of these major types, on the basis of which some types were clustered into more refined subtypes. This diversity follows a set of generalizable principles that govern long-range axonal projections at different levels, including molecular correspondence, divergent or convergent projection, axon termination pattern, regional specificity, topography, and individual cell variability. Although clear concordance with transcriptomic profiles is evident at the level of major projection type, fine-grained morphological diversity often does not readily correlate with transcriptomic subtypes derived from unsupervised clustering, highlighting the need for single-cell cross-modality studies. Overall, our study demonstrates the crucial need for quantitative description of complete single-cell anatomy in cell-type classification, as single-cell morphological diversity reveals a plethora of ways in which different cell types and their individual members may contribute to the configuration and function of their respective circuits.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/citologia , Forma Celular , Neurônios/classificação , Neurônios/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Atlas como Assunto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia , Encéfalo/embriologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Neocórtex/anatomia & histologia , Neocórtex/citologia , Neocórtex/embriologia , Neocórtex/metabolismo , Neurogênese , Neuroglia/citologia , Neurônios/citologia , RNA-Seq , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Nature ; 598(7879): 159-166, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616071

RESUMO

An essential step toward understanding brain function is to establish a structural framework with cellular resolution on which multi-scale datasets spanning molecules, cells, circuits and systems can be integrated and interpreted1. Here, as part of the collaborative Brain Initiative Cell Census Network (BICCN), we derive a comprehensive cell type-based anatomical description of one exemplar brain structure, the mouse primary motor cortex, upper limb area (MOp-ul). Using genetic and viral labelling, barcoded anatomy resolved by sequencing, single-neuron reconstruction, whole-brain imaging and cloud-based neuroinformatics tools, we delineated the MOp-ul in 3D and refined its sublaminar organization. We defined around two dozen projection neuron types in the MOp-ul and derived an input-output wiring diagram, which will facilitate future analyses of motor control circuitry across molecular, cellular and system levels. This work provides a roadmap towards a comprehensive cellular-resolution description of mammalian brain architecture.


Assuntos
Córtex Motor/anatomia & histologia , Córtex Motor/citologia , Neurônios/classificação , Animais , Atlas como Assunto , Feminino , Neurônios GABAérgicos/citologia , Neurônios GABAérgicos/metabolismo , Glutamatos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neuroimagem , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única
14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(42): 24328-24335, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673863

RESUMO

Thermoelectric materials are promising for energy harvesting using waste heat. The thermal management of the thermoelectric materials attract scientific and technological interests. The narrow bandgap semiconductor BiAgSe2 is a good candidate for thermoelectric materials due to its ultralow thermal conductivity. The mother compound BiAgSe2 crystallizes in hexagonal symmetry at room temperature, but experiences structural transitions to cubic phase at high temperature. By contrast, the daughter compound BiAgSeTe exhibits long range ordering and crystallizes into cubic phase at room temperature. Nevertheless, the local structural disorderings due to the Bi3+ and Ag+ anti-site defects, as well as local structural distortions, are ubiquitous in both parent BiAgSe2 and BiAgSeTe. BiAgSeTe exhibits distinct transport properties owing to the disordering-induced drastic changes in the electronic band structure, as well as the scattering dictated by the point defects. It is suggested that BiAgSe2 and BiAgSeTe could be good candidates for phonon glass and crystal glass (PGEC)-type thermoelectrics.

15.
Liver Int ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GALAD is an algorithm model estimating the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the participants enrolled in the GALAD differ from those of Chinese subjects whose HCCs are mainly hepatitis B virus infection related. Therefore, the cross-sectional as well as longitudinal multicenter study was designed to assess the clinical performances of GALAD in the Chinese population. METHODS: A case-control study of 602 patients with HCC (34.10% within Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer 0-A stage) and 923 subjects without HCC from five Chinese medical centres was conducted. Longitudinally the performances of GALAD identifying HCC were assessed using receiver operating characteristic curves analyses. Furthermore, the surveillance performance of GALAD for 204 HCC patients after radical surgery and for the early detection of HCC prospectively in an independent cohort of chronic hepatitis B were analysed, respectively. RESULTS: We found the GALAD identified early stage HCC at an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) above 0.85 and outperformed significantly than AFP, PIVKAII, AFP-L3 and BALAD-2 respectively. Meanwhile the GALAD could stratify HCC into two distinct subgroups with high or low risks of overall survival and recurrence. The GALAD could detection HCC 24 (AUC: 0.848) or even 48 (AUC: 0.833) weeks before clinical diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that the GALAD exhibits outstanding performance in the early diagnosis, prognosis prediction as well as risk monitoring of HCC in our cross-sectional and longitudinal multicenter study of 1561 patients. GALAD should be implanted into clinical practice early so as to improve the clinical efficacy of individual biomarkers in HCC early monitoring and prognosis prediction.

16.
Chem Asian J ; 16(23): 3886-3889, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591366

RESUMO

A photo-switchable hetero-complementary quadruple H-bonding array, which consists of an azobenzene-derived ureidopyrimidinone (UPy) module (Azo-UPy) and a nonphotoactive diamidonaphthyridine (DAN) derivative (Napy-1), is constructed based on a reversible photo-locking approach. Upon UV (390 nm)/Vis (460 nm) light irradiations, photo-switchable quadruple H-bonded dimerization between Azo-UPy and Napy-1 can be achieved with exhibiting 4.8×104 -fold differences in binding strength (ON/OFF ratios). Furthermore, smart polymeric gels with unique photo-controlled macroscopic self-assembly behavior can be fabricated by introducing such quadruple H-bonding array as photo-regulable noncovalent interfacial connections.

17.
Curr Med Res Opin ; : 1-7, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are few epidemiological studies on SD in China. This study aims to clarify the epidemic distribution characteristics of SD in China and provide ideas and clues for the prevention and treatment of the disease. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019 based on the hospital's epidemiological questionnaire. All enrolled patients completed a specific survey with 39 questions, related to demographic characteristics and the relative symptoms. Demographics, disease symptoms were characterized with descriptive statistics. The differences in the symptoms between different genders, disease courses, and regions were compared. RESULTS: A total of 1800 patients were recruited, of which 615 patients were diagnosed with SD. Among 615 SD patients, the proportion of patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria was the highest, with 437 cases (71.1%). There is a female predominance (female/male ratio is 1.27:1), but there is no statistically significant difference between genders. The average disease course was 2.23 years. Among them, 429 patients had a course less than one year, accounting for about 2/3, and patients with a course more than one year accounted for less than 1/3. The clinical characteristics of patients with different course of disease were statistically different. The initial age is mainly concentrated in the 20-40 years old, accounting for 46.5% (286) of the total number. There are certain differences in incidence due to the different geographical conditions in north and south. Multiple types of urticaria may coexist in the same patient, and the number of patients with multiple urticaria is higher than the number of patients with simple SD. There are differences in the clinical manifestations of SD between north and south. CONCLUSIONS: Environmental factors may affect the occurrence of SD, which may have a similar etiology to other types of urticaria and the cause of SD can be explored from more perspectives.

18.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(11): e24013, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the absence of specific symptoms and low survival rate, efficient biomarkers for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis are urgently required. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) and to determine the optimal cutoff values for HBV infection-related HCC. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, multi-center study in China to ascertain the cutoff value for HCC patients in the context of CHB- and HBV-related cirrhosis. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of PIVKA-II. RESULTS: This study enrolled 784 subjects and demonstrated that PIVKA-II had a sensitivity of 84.08% and a specificity of 90.43% in diagnosis HCC from chronic liver diseases. PIVKA-II at a cutoff of 37.5 mAU/mL yielded an AUC of 0.9737 (sensitivity 91.78% and specificity 96.30%) in discriminating HCC from chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. PIVKA-II at a cutoff of 45 mAU/mL yielded an AUC of 0.9419 (sensitivity 77.46% and specificity 95.12%) in discriminating HCC- from HBV-related cirrhosis patients. Furthermore, using a cutoff value of 40 mAU/mL for PIVKA-II as an HCC marker, only 4.81% (15/312) was positive in chronic hepatitis and 12.80% (37/289) in cirrhosis patients, revealing the satisfactory specificity of PIVKA-II in chronic liver disease of different etiologies. CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that PIVKA-II had satisfactory diagnostic efficiencies and could be used as a screening or surveillance biomarker in HCC high-risk population.

19.
J Oncol ; 2021: 2143362, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557230

RESUMO

The high heterogeneity of breast cancer (BRCA) makes it more challenging to interpret the genetic variation mechanisms involved in BRCA pathogenesis and prognosis. Areas with high DNA methylation (such as CpG islands) were accompanied by copy number variation (CNV), and these genomic variations affected the level of DNA methylation. In this study, we characterized intertumor heterogeneity and analyzed the effects of CNV on DNA methylation and gene expression. In addition, we performed a Genetic Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to identify key pathways for changes between patients with low and high expression of genes. Our analysis found two key genes, namely, HPDL and SOX17. The protein expressed by HPDL is 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase-like protein, which has dioxygenase activity. SOX17 is a transcription factor that can inhibit Wnt signaling, promote the degradation of activated CTNNB1, and participate in cell proliferation. Our analysis found that the CNV of HPDL and SOX17 is not only related to the patient's prognosis, but also related to gene methylation and expression levels affecting the patient's survival time. Among them, the high-methylation, low-expression HPDL and SOX17 showed poor prognosis. And the addition of two copies of SOX17 is associated with a lower survival rate, while a decrease in the copy number of HPDL also suggests a poor prognosis. This study provided an effective bioinformatics basis for further exploration of molecular mechanisms related to BRCA and assessment of patient prognosis, but the development of biomarkers for diagnosis and treatment still requires further clinical data validation.

20.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34584226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measurements (AMs) are cost-effective surrogates for evaluating body size. This study aimed to identify the optimal prognostic AMs, their thresholds, and their joint associations with cancer mortality. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study including 12138 patients with cancer at five institutions in China. Information on demographics, disease, nutritional status, and AMs, including the body mass index, mid-arm muscle circumference, mid-arm circumference, handgrip strength, calf circumference (CC), and triceps-skinfold thickness (TSF), was collected and screened as mortality predictors. The optimal stratification was used to determine the thresholds to categorize those prognostic AMs, and their associations with mortality were estimated independently and jointly by calculating multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs). RESULTS: The study included 5744 females and 6394 males with a mean age of 56.9 years. The CC and TSF were identified as better mortality predictors than other AMs. The optimal thresholds were women 30 cm and men 32.8 cm for the CC, and women 21.8 mm and men 13.6 mm for the TSF. Patients in the low CC or low TSF group had a 13% (HR = 1.13, 95% CI = 1.03-1.23) and 22% (HR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.12-1.32) greater mortality risk compared with their normal CC/TSF counterparties, respectively. Concurrent low CC and low TSF showed potential joint effect on mortality risk (HR = 1.39, 95% CI = 1.25-1.55). CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the importance of assessing the CC and TSF simultaneously in hospitalized cancer patients to guide interventions to optimize their long-term outcomes.

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