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1.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753154

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the primary risk factor for the malignant progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It has been reported that HBV X protein (HBx) possesses oncogenic properties, promoting hepatocarcinogenesis and chemoresistance. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we aim to investigate the effects of miR-128-3p/SPG21 axis on HBx-induced hepatocarcinogenesis and chemoresistance. METHODS: The expression of SPG21 in HCC was determined using bioinformatics analysis, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The roles of SPG21 in HCC were elucidated through a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments, including real-time cellular analysis (RTCA), matrigel invasion assay, and xenograft mouse model. Pharmacologic treatment and flow cytometry were performed to demonstrate the potential mechanism of SPG21 in HCC. RESULTS: SPG21 expression was elevated in HCC tissues compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues (NTs). Moreover, higher SPG21 expression correlated with poor overall survival. Functional assays revealed that SPG21 fostered HCC tumorigenesis and invasion. MiR-128-3p, which targeted SPG21, was downregulated in HCC tissues. Subsequent analyses showed that HBx amplified TRPM7-mediated calcium influx via miR-128-3p/SPG21, thereby activating the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway. Furthermore, HBx inhibited doxorubicin-induced apoptosis by engaging the JNK pathway through miR-128-3p/SPG21. CONCLUSION: The study suggested that SPG21, targeted by miR-128-3p, might be involved in enhancing HBx-induced carcinogenesis and doxorubicin resistance in HCC via the TRPM7/Ca2+/JNK signaling pathway. This insight suggested that SPG21 could be recognized as a potential oncogene, offering a novel perspective on its role as a prognostic factor and a therapeutic target in the context of HCC.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(10)2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38791224

RESUMO

Cotton Verticillium wilt is mainly caused by the fungus Verticillium dahliae, which threatens the production of cotton. Its pathogen can survive in the soil for several years in the form of microsclerotia, making it a destructive soil-borne disease. The accurate, sensitive, and rapid detection of V. dahliae from complex soil samples is of great significance for the early warning and management of cotton Verticillium wilt. In this study, we combined the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with CRISPR/Cas12a technology to develop an accurate, sensitive, and rapid detection method for V. dahliae. Initially, LAMP primers and CRISPR RNA (crRNA) were designed based on a specific DNA sequence of V. dahliae, which was validated using several closely related Verticillium spp. The lower detection limit of the LAMP-CRISPR/Cas12a combined with the fluorescent visualization detection system is approximately ~10 fg/µL genomic DNA per reaction. When combined with crude DNA-extraction methods, it is possible to detect as few as two microsclerotia per gram of soil, with the total detection process taking less than 90 min. Furthermore, to improve the method's user and field friendliness, the field detection results were visualized using lateral flow strips (LFS). The LAMP-CRISPR/Cas12a-LFS system has a lower detection limit of ~1 fg/µL genomic DNA of the V. dahliae, and when combined with the field crude DNA-extraction method, it can detect as few as six microsclerotia per gram of soil, with the total detection process taking less than 2 h. In summary, this study expands the application of LAMP-CRISPR/Cas12a nucleic acid detection in V. dahliae and will contribute to the development of field-deployable diagnostic productions.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Doenças das Plantas , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Ascomicetos/genética , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Gossypium/microbiologia , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação , Verticillium/genética
3.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173549, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38802013

RESUMO

River water quality deterioration is a serious problem in urban water environments. River network patterns affect water quality by influencing the flow, mixing, and other processes of water bodies. However, the effects of urban river network patterns on water quality remain poorly understood, thereby hindering the urban planning and management decision-making process. In this study, the geographically weighted regression (GWR) model was used to explore the spatial heterogeneity of the relationship between river network pattern and water quality. The results showed that the river network has a complex structure, high connectivity, and relatively even distribution and morphology. Important river structure indicators affecting water quality included the water surface ratio (Wp) and multifractal features (∆α, ∆f) while important river connectivity indicators included circuitry (α) and network connectivity (γ). River structure has a more complex effect on water quality than connectivity. This study recommends that the Wp should be increased in agricultural areas and appropriately reduced in urban built-up areas, and the number of river segments and nodes should be controlled within a rational configuration. Our study provides key insights for evaluating and optimizing the river network patterns to improve water quality of urban rivers. In the future, the land use intensity, hydrological processes, and human activities should be coupled with the river network pattern to deepen our understanding of urban river environment.

4.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(7): 127, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739169

RESUMO

Lactate dehydrogenase B (LDHB) reversibly catalyzes the conversion of pyruvate to lactate or lactate to pyruvate and expressed in various malignancies. However, the role of LDHB in modulating immune responses against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains largely unknown. Here, we found that down-regulation of lactate dehydrogenase B (LDHB) was coupled with the promoter hypermethylation and knocking down the DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT 3A) restored LDHB expression levels in HCC cell lines. Bioinformatics analysis of the HCC cohort from The Cancer Genome Atlas revealed a significant positive correlation between LDHB expression and immune regulatory signaling pathways and immune cell infiltrations. Moreover, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have shown considerable promise for HCC treatment and patients with higher LDHB expression responded better to ICIs. Finally, we found that overexpression of LDHB suppressed HCC growth in immunocompetent but not in immunodeficient mice, suggesting that the host immune system was involved in the LDHB-medicated tumor suppression. Our findings indicate that DNMT3A-mediated epigenetic silencing of LDHB may contribute to HCC progression through remodeling the tumor immune microenvironment, and LDHB may become a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , DNA Metiltransferase 3A , Epigênese Genética , L-Lactato Desidrogenase , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Microambiente Tumoral , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/genética , DNA Metiltransferase 3A/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metilação de DNA , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inativação Gênica , Prognóstico
5.
Mol Pharm ; 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736196

RESUMO

Erastin can induce ferroptosis in tumor cells as an effective small molecule inhibitor. However, its application is hampered by a lack of water solubility. This study investigated the effects of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-erastin-polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles prepared by loading SPIO-PEG nanoparticles with erastin on ferroptosis. SPIO-erastin-PEG nanoparticles exhibited square and spherical shapes with good dispersibility. The zeta potential and hydrodynamic size of SPIO-erastin-PEG were measured as (-37.68 ± 2.706) mV and (45.75 ± 18.88) nm, respectively. On T2-weighted imaging, the nanosystem showed significant contrast enhancement compared to no-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). SPIO-erastin-PEG induced ferroptosis by increasing reactive oxygen species and iron content and promoting the accumulation of lipid peroxides and the degradation of glutathione peroxidase 4. Pharmacokinetic experiments revealed a half-life of 1.25 ± 0.05 h for the SPIO-erastin-PEG solution in circulation. Moreover, significant antitumorigenic effects of SPIO-erastin-PEG have been demonstrated in 5-8F cells and mouse-bearing tumors. These results indicated that the synthesized SPIO-erastin-PEG nanoplatform could induce ferroptosis effects in vitro and in vivo while exhibiting favorable physical characteristics. This approach may provide a new strategy for theranostic nanoplatform for nasopharyngeal cancer.

6.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708797

RESUMO

Primary Breast Angiosarcoma (PBA) is an exceptionally rare form of breast cancer, accounting for less than 0.05% of all breast cancers. It is characterized by a high level of malignancy, invasiveness, and has a prognosis that is typically poor. The lack of distinctive clinical features makes it prone to underdiagnosis and misdiagnosis. This study retrospectively examines a case utilizing multimodal ultrasound imaging techniques (including 2D ultrasound, contrast-enhanced ultrasound, and ultrasound elastography) for diagnosing PBA. Furthermore, the study reviews relevant literature to summarize the ultrasound characteristics of PBA, with the aim of improving understanding of this elusive condition.

7.
Endocrine ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722490

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Considering the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D), osteoporosis should be considered a serious complication. However, an effective tool for the assessment of low bone mass mineral density (BMD) in T2D patients is not currently available. Therefore, the aim of our study was to establish a simple-to-use risk assessment tool by exploring risk factors for low BMD in T2D patients. METHODS: This study included 436 patients with a low BMD and 381 patients with a normal BMD. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate risk factors for low BMD in T2D patients. A nomogram was then developed from these results. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration plot, and goodness-of-fit test were used to validate the nomogram. The clinical utility of the nomogram was also assessed. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression indicated that age, sex, education, body mass index (BMI), fasting C-peptide, high-density cholesterol (HDL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and type I collagen carboxy terminal peptide (S-CTX) were independent predictors for low BMD in T2D patients. The nomogram was developed from these variables using both the unadjusted area under the curve (AUC) and the bootstrap-corrected AUC (0.828). Calibration plots and the goodness-of-fit test demonstrated that the nomogram was well calibrated. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram-illustrated model can be used by clinicians to easily predict the risk of low BMD in T2D patients. Our study also revealed that common factors are independent predictors of low BMD risk. Our results provide a new strategy for the prediction, investigation, and facilitation of low BMD in T2D patients.

8.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 520, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in human ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) potassium channels are closely associated with long QT syndrome (LQTS). Previous studies have demonstrated that macrolide antibiotics increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. To date, the mechanisms underlying acquired LQTS remain elusive. METHODS: A novel hERG mutation I1025N was identified in an azithromycin-treated patient with acquired long QT syndrome via Sanger sequencing. The mutant I1025N plasmid was transfected into HEK-293 cells, which were subsequently incubated with azithromycin. The effect of azithromycin and mutant I1025N on the hERG channel was evaluated via western blot, immunofluorescence, and electrophysiology techniques. RESULTS: The protein expression of the mature hERG protein was down-regulated, whereas that of the immature hERG protein was up-regulated in mutant I1025N HEK-293 cells. Azithromycin administration resulted in a negative effect on the maturation of the hERG protein. Additionally, the I1025N mutation exerted an inhibitory effect on hERG channel current. Moreover, azithromycin inhibited hERG channel current in a concentration-dependent manner. The I1025N mutation and azithromycin synergistically decreased hERG channel expression and hERG current. However, the I1025N mutation and azithromycin did not alter channel gating dynamics. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that hERG gene mutations might be involved in the genetic susceptibility mechanism underlying acquired LQTS induced by azithromycin.


Assuntos
Azitromicina , Síndrome do QT Longo , Humanos , Azitromicina/efeitos adversos , Células HEK293 , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Síndrome do QT Longo/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome do QT Longo/genética , Mutação
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 41(4): 443-449, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical manifestations and genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with atypical Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 A (CMT1A). METHODS: A patient admitted to the Department of Neurology, Xijing Hospital Affiliated to Air Force Medical University in June 2022 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the patient was collected, and 17 family members from four generations of this pedigree were traced based on pes arcuatus and atypical clinical symptoms. Neuroultrasound and genetic testing were carried out on available family members. Whole exome sequencing and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification assay were carried out for the proband and some of the affected members of the pedigree. RESULTS: The proband, a 15-year-old male, had presented with paroxystic limb pain with weakness, accompanied by pes cavus and hypertrophy of gastrocnemius muscles, without stork leg sign caused by muscles atrophy in the distal lower extremities. MRI has revealed no sign of fat infiltration in the muscles of both legs. Nerve conduction examination had indicated damages of the sensory and motor nerves of the limbs, mainly with demyelinating changes. Seven members of the pedigree had pes arcuatus, including 5 presenting with paroxysmal neuropathic pain and myasthenia in the limbs, whilst 2 were without any clinical symptoms. Neurosonography of the proband, his brother, father and aunt showed thickened peripheral nerves of the extremities with unclear bundle structure. Genetic analysis revealed a large repeat encompassing exons 1 to 5 of the PMP22 gene and flanking regions (chr17: 15133768_15502298) in some of the affected members, which was predicted to be pathogenic. CONCLUSION: The duplication of PMP22 gene was considered to be pathogenic for this CMT1A pedigree.


Assuntos
Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/genética , Doença de Charcot-Marie-Tooth/patologia , Linhagem , Proteínas da Mielina/genética , Músculo Esquelético , China , Duplicação Gênica
10.
Int J Oncol ; 64(5)2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577950

RESUMO

Compared with primary tumor sites, metastatic sites appear more resistant to treatments and respond differently to the treatment regimen. It may be due to the heterogeneity in the microenvironment between metastatic sites and primary tumors. Cancer­associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are widely present in the tumor stroma as key components of the tumor microenvironment. Primary tumor CAFs (pCAFs) and metastatic CAFs (mCAFs) are heterogeneous in terms of source, activation mode, markers and functional phenotypes. They can shape the tumor microenvironment according to organ, showing heterogeneity between primary tumors and metastases, which may affect the sensitivity of these sites to treatment. It was hypothesized that understanding the heterogeneity between pCAFs and mCAFs can provide a glimpse into the difference in treatment outcomes, providing new ideas for improving the rate of metastasis control in various cancers.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Neoplasias , Humanos , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
ACS Omega ; 9(16): 18375-18384, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38680328

RESUMO

Oxaliplatin (OXA) is recognized as a first-line drug for gastric cancer. However, low accumulation of the OXA in the target site and the development of drug resistance directly led to treatment failure. In the present study, an ultrasonic extraction method for Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz. polysaccharides (AKUs) and the combination treatment with OXA in vitro were studied. Results showed that when the pH level was 11, the ultrasound power at 450 W, the solid-liquid ratio was 1:20, and the ultrasound treatment for 30 min, the yield of AKUs was significantly increased to 13.20 ± 0.35%. The molecular weights of the AKUs ranged from 7.21 to 185.94 kDa, and its monosaccharides were mainly composed of arabinose (Ara), galactose (Gal), and glucose (Glu) with a ratio of 58.36, 16.90, and 15.49%, respectively. Cell experiments showed that, compared to OXA alone (2 µg/mL, inhibition rate of 18%), the treatment of OXA with AKUs had a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on MKN45 proliferation, which increased to 33, 41, and 45% with increasing AKUs concentrations (5-50 µg/mL), respectively, representing a 2.5-fold inhibition. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) determination confirmed that AKUs significantly increased the intracellular uptake of OXA by 29%, compared to that of OXA alone. We first demonstrated that the combined synergistic inhibitory effect of AKUs and OXA on gastric cancer cells was mediated by reducing the expression of efflux proteins (MRP1 and MRP2) and increasing the expression of ingested protein (OCT2). As a result of the above, AKUs deserved to be an effective adjuvant combined with chemotherapeutics in a clinical setting.

12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 133: 112082, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652958

RESUMO

Psoriasis is an incurable immune-mediated disease affecting the skin or the joints. There are continuing studies on drugs for psoriasis prevention and treatment. This research found that Geniposide (GE) significantly thinned IMQ mice's skin lesions, reduced the scales, and lowered the presence of inflammatory cells in the pathology in a dose-dependent manner. GE inhibited IL-23, IL-22, IL-17A, IL-12, IL-6, and TNF-α levels in psoriatic mice serum. AKT1, TNF, TLR4, MMP9, MAPK3, and EGFR were selected as the top 6 targets of GE against psoriasis via network pharmacology, and GE-TLR4 has the most robust docking score value by molecular docking. Taken together, GE significantly inhibited TLR4 and MMP9 protein expression and influenced MyD88/NF-κB p65 signaling pathway. Finally, TLR4 was verified as the critical target of GE, which engaged in immunomodulatory activities and reduced MMP9 production in LPS and TAK-242-induced HaCaT cells. GE had a medium affinity for TLR4, and the KD value was 1.06 × 10-5 M. GE is an effective treatment and preventative strategy for psoriasis since it impacts TLR4.


Assuntos
Iridoides , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide , Psoríase , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Humanos , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/imunologia , Iridoides/farmacologia , Iridoides/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Pele/imunologia , Pele/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Células HaCaT , Imiquimode , Linhagem Celular
13.
Microorganisms ; 12(4)2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38674607

RESUMO

2-Phenylethanol (2-PE) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are important secondary metabolites produced by microorganisms, and their production are closely linked to the growth state of microorganisms and environmental factors. Enterobacter CGMCC 5087 can produce both 2-PE and IAA depending on α-ketoacid decarboxylase KDC4427. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different environment factors including osmotic pressure, temperature, and pH on the synthesis of 2-PE and IAA in Enterobacter sp. CGMCC 5087. The bacteria exhibited an enhanced capacity for 2-PE synthesis while not affecting IAA synthesis under 5% NaCl and pH 4.5 stress conditions. In an environment with pH 9.5, the synthesis capacity of 2-PE remained unchanged while the synthesis capacity of IAA decreased. The synthesis ability of 2-PE was enhanced with an increase in temperature within the range of 25 °C to 37 °C, while the synthesis capacity of IAA was not affected significantly. Additionally, the expression of KDC4427 varied under stress conditions. Under 5% NaCl stress and decreased temperature, expression of the KDC4427 gene was increased. However, altering pH did not result in significant differences in gene expression levels, while elevated temperature caused a decrease in gene expression. Furthermore, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations suggested that these conditions may induce fluctuation in the geometry shape of binding cavity, binding energy, and especially the dαC-C- value, which played key roles in affecting the enzyme activity. These results provide insights and strategies for the synthesis of metabolic products 2-PE and IAA in bacterial fermentation, even under unfavorable conditions.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 266(Pt 2): 131279, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561115

RESUMO

The influence of ferulic acid (FA) on rice starch was investigated by incorporating it at various concentrations (0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 %, w/w, on dry starch basis) and subjecting the resulting composites to hot-extrusion 3D printing (HE-3DP) process. This study examined the effects of FA addition and HE-3DP on the structural, rheological, and physicochemical properties as well as the printability and digestibility of rice starch. The results indicated that adding 0-5 % FA had no significant effect; however, as the amount of FA increased, the printed product edges became less defined, the product's overall stability decreased, and it collapsed. The addition of FA reduced the elasticity and viscosity, making it easier to extrude the composite gel from the nozzle. Moreover, the crystallinity and short-range ordered structure of the HE-3D printed rice starch gel decreased with the addition of FA, resulting in a decrease in the yield stress and an increase in fluidity. Furthermore, the addition of FA reduced the digestibility of the HE-3D-printed rice starch. The findings of this study may be useful for the development of healthier modified starch products by adding bioactive substances and employing the 3D printing technology.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cumáricos , Oryza , Impressão Tridimensional , Reologia , Amido , Amido/química , Oryza/química , Ácidos Cumáricos/química , Viscosidade , Temperatura Alta , Digestão/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 9(4): 475-478, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617814

RESUMO

The pond wolf spider Pardosa pseudoannulata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Araneae: Lycosidae) is an important predator of agricultural pests in southern, eastern and southeastern Asia. Here, we report the complete mitogenome of this spider reconstructed from Illumina sequencing data. The circular mitogenome length is 14,533 bp with the nucleotide composition A (33.3%), C (8.2%), G (15.2%), and T (43.3%). The P. pseudoannulata mitogenome comprises 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, and a control region. Phylogenetic analyses of Lycosidae mitogenomes supported the monophyly of the subfamily Pardosinae and the two genera Pardosa and Alopecosa, and indicated the polyphyly of the subfamily Lycosinae and the paraphyly of its type genus Lycosa. In this study, P. pseudoannulata is the closest relative to P. pusiola. These results provide useful genetic information for future studies on the diversity, phylogeny, and evolution for wolf spiders.

16.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 11: 411-425, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435681

RESUMO

Purpose: Early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through surveillance could reduce this cancer-associated mortality. We aimed to develop and validate algorithms using panel serum biomarkers to identify HCC in a real-world multi-center study in China. Patients and Methods: A total of 10,359 eligible subjects, including HCCs and benign liver diseases (BLDs), were recruited from six Chinese medical centers. The three nomograms were built using logistic regression and their sensitivities and specificities were carefully assessed in training and validation cohorts. HCC patients after surgical resection were followed to determine the prognostic values of these algorithms. Prospective surveillance performance was assessed in a cohort of chronic hepatitis B patients during 144 weeks follow-up. Results: Independent risk factors such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), lens cuinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of AFP (AFP-L3), des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP), albumin (ALB), and total bilirubin (TBIL) obtained from train cohort were used to construct three nomograms (LAD, C-GALAD, and TAGALAD) using logistic regression. In the training and two validation cohorts, their AUCs were all over 0.900, and the higher AUCs appeared in TAGALAD and C-GALAD. Furthermore, the three nomograms could effectively stratify HCC into two groups with different survival and recurrence outcomes in follow-up validation. Notably, TAGALAD could predict HCC up to 48 weeks (AUC: 0.984) and 24 weeks (AUC: 0.900) before clinical diagnosis. Conclusion: The proposed nomograms generated from real-world Chinese populations are effective and easy-to use for HCC surveillance, diagnosis, as well as prognostic evaluation in various clinical scenarios based on data feasibility.

17.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26659, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449620

RESUMO

Background: The coexistence of autoimmune encephalitis (AE) with multiple neural auto-antibodies is of great clinical significance because overlying antibodies may cause superposition or variation of clinical syndrome, which increases the difficulty of diagnosis and treatment of the disease. To the best of our knowledge, the coexistence of anti-N-methyl d-aspartate Receptor (NMDAR) and anti-IgLON5 antibodies in AE has not been published previously. Case presentation: A 38-year-old female patient presented to our hospital due to headache and abnormal psychiatric behavior. Based on her clinical manifestations (psychiatric and behavioral abnormalities, involuntary limb movements, and sleep disorders) and laboratory assessment results (positive human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQB1*05:01 haplotype, anti-NMDAR, and anti-IgLON5 antibodies), she was diagnosed as AE with coexisting anti-NMDAR and anti-IgLON5 antibodies. After treatment with intravenous methylprednisolone and immunoglobulin, as well as plasmapheresis, her symptoms gradually improved with exception for the sleep disorders. Although oral prednisone acetate and mycophenolate mofetil were continued after discharge, her symptoms of sleep disorders did not improve at 6-month follow-up. Conclusion: This is the first case of AE co-existing with anti-NMDAR and anti-IgLON5 antibodies. Co-existence of neural auto-antibodies should be considered when patients present with overlapping or atypical symptoms. Special attention should be paid to the treatment of these patients as some anti-IgLON5 encephalitis patients may not benefit from immunotherapy treatment.

18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1347173, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500503

RESUMO

Proteus mirabilis, a prevalent urinary tract pathogen and formidable biofilm producer, especially in Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection, has seen a worrying rise in multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains. This upsurge calls for innovative approaches in infection control, beyond traditional antibiotics. Our research introduces bacteriophage (phage) therapy as a novel non-antibiotic strategy to combat these drug-resistant infections. We isolated P2-71, a lytic phage derived from canine feces, demonstrating potent activity against MDR P. mirabilis strains. P2-71 showcases a notably brief 10-minute latent period and a significant burst size of 228 particles per infected bacterium, ensuring rapid bacterial clearance. The phage maintains stability over a broad temperature range of 30-50°C and within a pH spectrum of 4-11, highlighting its resilience in various environmental conditions. Our host range assessment solidifies its potential against diverse MDR P. mirabilis strains. Through killing curve analysis, P2-71's effectiveness was validated at various MOI levels against P. mirabilis 37, highlighting its versatility. We extended our research to examine P2-71's stability and bactericidal kinetics in artificial urine, affirming its potential for clinical application. A detailed genomic analysis reveals P2-71's complex genetic makeup, including genes essential for morphogenesis, lysis, and DNA modification, which are crucial for its therapeutic action. This study not only furthers the understanding of phage therapy as a promising non-antibiotic antimicrobial but also underscores its critical role in combating emerging MDR infections in both veterinary and public health contexts.


Assuntos
Bacteriófago P2 , Bacteriófagos , Animais , Cães , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Proteus mirabilis , Biofilmes , Bacteriófagos/genética
19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1352437, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38476380

RESUMO

Background: Valvular heart disease is a major health concern worldwide. The effective management of patients undergoing valve replacement determines their prognosis. Bibliometric analysis of studies on managing patients with artificial heart valves has not been previously performed. Methods: This study analyzed 2,771 publications related to patient management after valve replacement published in the Web of Science Core Collection database between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2022. Bibliometric analysis was performed using CiteSpace and VOSviewer considering countries, institutions, authors, journals, references, and keywords. Results: The countries with the most significant contributions in this field were the United States of America (USA), Germany, and Italy. Leon MB from Columbia University, USA was the most influential author. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement was a current research hotspot, while anticoagulation management was a key area of interest. Combining anticoagulation therapy with internet-linked tools and portable health devices may offer new research avenues. Frailty assessment and intervention were potential future research areas. Conclusions: This bibliometric analysis provides clinicians and researchers with useful insights for developing novel ideas and directions to manage the health of patients undergoing valve replacement.

20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5417, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443474

RESUMO

Wireless sensor network (WSN) location is a significant research area. In complex environments like forests, inaccurate signal intensity ranging is a major challenge. To address this issue, this paper presents a reliable WSN distance measurement-positioning algorithm for forest environments. The algorithm divides the positioning area into several sub-regions based on the discrete coefficient of the collected signal strength. Then, using the fitting method based on the signal intensity value of each sub-region, the algorithm derives the reference points of the logarithmic distance path loss model and path loss index. Finally, the algorithm locates target nodes using anchor nodes in different regions. Additionally, to enhance the positioning accuracy, weight values are assigned to the positioning result based on the discrete coefficient of the signal intensity in each sub-region. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed WSN algorithm has high precision in forest environments.

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