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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 802-809, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383075

RESUMO

AgIO3/Ag2O/Ag nanocomposites with enhanced photocatalytic activities were synthesized by a onestep coprecipitation method at room temperature. The optimum hybrid of AgIO3/Ag2O = 1.25:1 with Ag nanoparticles (Ag NPs) loading (denoted as AA125) exhibited superior photocatalytic activity, demonstrating 97.19% tetracycline (TC) degradation within 60 min under simulated solar irradiation. This was approximately 10.44 and 2.63 times higher than that of pure Ag2O and AgIO3, respectively. The advanced photocatalytic activity can be ascribed to the synergetic effects of the heterostructured AgIO3/Ag2O/Ag and the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect of Ag NPs generated on the surface, which improved the separation and transfer efficiency of photoinduced electron-hole pairs. The results from radical scavenger experiments indicated that the degradation of TC was driven mainly by the participation of superoxide radical (·O-2).

2.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124678, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494323

RESUMO

In the developing countries such as China, most well-developed areas have suffered severe haze pollution, which was associated with increased premature morbidity and mortality and attracted widespread public concerns. Since ground-based PM2.5 monitoring has limited temporal and spatial coverage, satellite aerosol remote sensing data has been increasingly applied to map large-scale PM2.5 characteristics through advanced spatial statistical models. Although most existing research has taken advantage of the polar orbiting satellite instruments, a major limitation of the polar orbiting platform is its limited sampling frequency (e.g., 1-2 times/day), which is insufficient for capturing the PM2.5 variability during short but intense heavy haze episodes. As the first attempt, we quantitatively investigated the feasibility of using the aerosol optical depth (AOD) data retrieved by the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) to estimate hourly PM2.5 concentrations during winter haze episodes in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD). We developed a three-stage spatial statistical model, using GOCI AOD and fine mode fraction, as well as corresponding monitoring PM2.5 concentrations, meteorological and land use data on a 6-km modeling grid with complete coverage in time and space. The 10-fold cross-validation R2 was 0.72 with a regression slope of 1.01 between observed and predicted hourly PM2.5 concentrations. After gap filling, the R2 value for the three-stage model was 0.68. We further analyzed two representative large regional episodes, i.e., a "multi-process diffusion episode" during December 21-26, 2015 and a "Chinese New Year episode" during February 7-8, 2016. We concluded that AOD retrieved by geostationary satellites could serve as a new valuable data source for analyzing the heavy air pollution episodes.

3.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124837, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542575

RESUMO

Substantial changes have occurred in hydrological situation of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) after the operation of the Three Gorges project, as have the heavy metals (HMs) pollution characteristics. In this study, concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, and Cd in surface water and sediments of the TGR were determined during the water impoundment period (December 2015) and water drawdown period (June 2016). The index of geoaccumulation, principal component analysis (PCA), and correlation analysis were used to analyze HMs pollution characteristics. Results showed that HMs concentrations in surface water were much lower than the quality standards for drinking water and surface water of China. The pollution levels of HMs in sediments were nonpolluted for Cr, nonpolluted to moderately polluted for Cu, Zn, Pb, and moderately polluted for Cd. In the fluctuating backflow zone, HMs concentrations in sediments during the water drawdown period were lower than those during the water impoundment period, which was attributed to that faster flow velocity during the water drawdown period resulted in less deposition of suspended solids and faster release of HMs pollutants from sediments to water. HMs concentrations of sediments at sites M14 and M17 showed similar periodic changes to those at the fluctuating backflow zone, which might be attributed to the density-stratified flow in the adjacent upstream tributaries (Meixi River and Qinggan River, respectively). Correlation analysis and PCA analysis results showed that for the sediments, Cr came from natural sources, while Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd mainly came from anthropogenic sources.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 26-30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219174

RESUMO

Microtubule-interfering agents have been very useful both as biological tools in studying mitosis and as chemotherapeutic agents against cancer. It remains poorly understood how these agents converge on the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) to halt mitotic progression, while inhibiting microtubule dynamics by different mechanisms. Cells arrested at mitosis by various microtubule-interfering agents exhibit strikingly different defects in the mitotic spindle. However, all the arrested cells possess the 3F3/2 phosphoepitope at the sister kinetochores of chromosomes, indicating the decrease of tension across the paired kinetochores. In addition, microtubule-interfering agents result in a comparable reduction in the distance between sister kinetochores, suggesting that these agents decrease interkinetochore tension to similar degrees. Here, we discuss recent progress that suggests impairment of kinetochore-microtubule attachment and reduction of interkinetochore tension as common mechanisms underlying the persistent SAC activation in response to diverse microtubule-interfering agents.

6.
Nanotechnology ; 31(3): 035305, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569084

RESUMO

We present the plasmon-enhanced linear and second-order surface nonlinear optical response of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) fabricated using a femtosecond pulse. Theoretical analysis indicates Ag NPs with a diameter of ∼100 nm have excellent linear response within the visible band, and the electric field intensity enhancement factor reaches ∼105 under excitation of continuous light of 632.8 nm. Meanwhile, the simulation result of second-order surface nonlinear optical response shows that the second harmonic conversion efficiency of the Ag NPs dimer is two orders of magnitude higher than that of a single Ag NP, under excitation of a femtosecond pulse. In experiment, the linear response of Ag NPs is examined using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) with a Raman enhancement factor of ∼1.7 × 1010, revealing the excellent linear optical response of Ag NPs. Moreover, the spectra of the second harmonic can be measured clearly under conditions of an average pump power of 40 µW, revealing the excellent second-order surface nonlinear optical response of Ag NPs.

7.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110289, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753386

RESUMO

This paper systematically investigates the biomedical performance of selective laser melted (SLM) porous Ti6Al4V ELI scaffolds for bone implantation through in vitro and in vivo experiments. Scaffolds with pore sizes of 500 µm, 600 µm and 700 µm and porosities of 60% and 70% were manufactured in order to explore the optimum pore size and porosity. Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMMSCs) were used in the in vitro experiments. Cell Counting Kit-8, live/dead staining and scanning electron microscope were used to assess the cytotoxicity of the porous scaffolds. DNA content quantification was performed to investigate cell proliferation on the porous scaffolds. The osteogenic differentiation of cells was measured by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteogenic gene expressions, including bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), collagen type 1α1 (COL-1), osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN) and runt-related transcription factor-2 (RUNX-2). The Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat models with distal femoral condyles defect were used in the in vivo experiments. Micro-CT analysis and histological analysis were performed after implantation surgery to reveal the bone ingrowth into the porous scaffolds. All in vitro data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey post hoc tests, in vivo data were analyzed using Kruskall-Wallis ANOVA and Conover-Inman post-hoc test. Based on the in vitro and in vivo experiments, it is found that the porous scaffolds manufactured by SLM did not induce a cytotoxic effect. Among all the porous scaffolds, the scaffold with a pore size of 500 µm and porosity of 60% showed the best cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation (in vitro experiments) and bone ingrowth (in vivo experiments).

8.
Food Chem ; 308: 125621, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644969

RESUMO

Yellowing of rice during storage is a highly concerned issue for managing rice quality whereas the yellowing mechanism is not clearly elucidated so far. Thus, the comparative untargeted metabolomic analysis was performed in this study. The results revealed that glycolysis pathway and tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) were significantly enhanced in yellowed rice, indicating the activated energy metabolism was trigged during the yellowing process. In addition, the increased aromatic compounds (4-hydroxycinnamic acid and benzoic acid) and their precursors (phenylalanine, tyrosine) suggested the activation of shikimate-phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in yellowed rice, which is an antioxidant defense related pathway. In particular, the pathways involved in the metabolism of glutamate and arginine also significantly altered in yellowed rice. Therefore, the enriched pathways of increased amino acids, sugars, sugar alcohols, and intermediates of the TCA cycle during yellowing process are proposed to be associated with the response of heat and dry induced by the yellowing process.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134298, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505343

RESUMO

Many studies have examined the acute toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) towards model bacteria. In this study, we report the time-dependent effects of ZnO NPs on native, selected Zn-resistant and dominant bacteria in estuarine waters. An initial inhibition of bacterial growth followed by a recovery at 24 h was observed, and this rebound phenomenon was particularly notable when the raw water samples were treated with relatively high ZnO NP concentrations (1 and 10 mg/L).By comparing the groups treated with Zn2+, Zn2+ was shown to largely explain the acute cytotoxic effect of ZnO NPs on bacteria in raw waters. Furthermore, similar to the native bacteria, especially the dominant bacteria, the viability of Escherichia coli (E. coli) decreased with the increasing treatments time and the concentrations of ZnO NPs in water with different salinities. Moreover, the expression of Zn-resistance genes including zntA and zntR in E. coli suggested that the Zn-resistance system in E. coli can be activated to defend against the stress of Zn2+ released from ZnO NPs, and salinity may promote this process in estuarine aquatic systems. Thus, the effect of ZnO NPs on bacteria in estuarine water bodies is likely determined by the synergistic effect of environmental salinity and dissolved Zn ions. As such, our findings are of high relevance and importance for understanding the ecological disturbances caused by anthropogenic NPs in estuarine environments.

10.
J Endocrinol ; 244(1): 223-236, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648186

RESUMO

Obesity is a worldwide health problem. Semaphorins are involved in axonal guidance; however, the role of secretory semaphorin 3G (SEMA3G) in regulating adipocyte differentiation remains unclear. Microarray analysis showed that the SEMA3G gene was upregulated in an in vitro model of adipogenesis. In this study, SEMA3G was highly expressed in the white adipose tissue and liver. Analysis of 3T3-L1 cell and primary mouse preadipocyte differentiation showed that SEMA3G mRNA and protein levels were increased during the middle stage of cell development. In vitro experiments also showed that adipocyte differentiation was promoted by SEMA3G; however, SEMA3G inhibition using a recombinant lentiviral vector expressing a specific shRNA showed the opposite results. Mice were fed a chow or high-fat diet (HFD); knockdown of SEMA3G was found to inhibit weight gain, reduce fat mass in the tissues, prevent lipogenesis in the liver tissue, reduce insulin resistance and ameliorate glucose tolerance in HFD mice. Additionally, the effect of SEMA3G on HFD-induced obesity was activated through PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling in the adipose tissue and the AMPK/SREBP-1c pathway in the liver. Moreover, the plasma concentrations of SEMA3G and leptin were measured in 20 obese and 20 non-obese human subjects. Both proteins were increased in obese subjects, who also exhibited a lower level of adiponectin and presented with insulin resistance. In summary, we demonstrated that SEMA3G is an adipokine essential for adipogenesis, lipogenesis, and insulin resistance and is associated with obesity. SEMA3G inhibition may, therefore, be useful for treating diet-induced obesity and its complications.

11.
Food Funct ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696185

RESUMO

Natural polyphenols showing a variety of beneficial effects will interact with multiple proteases after administration. The interactions of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol with trypsin and lysozyme were investigated using fluorescence spectroscopy, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and molecular docking. Fluorescence quenching results and UV-vis absorption difference spectra revealed that the quenching process was a static mode initiated by ground-state complex formation. The different binding ability of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol with trypsin and lysozyme was discussed based on their different molecular structures. Moreover, the major driving force for the binding process was elucidated as hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces by the negative enthalpy and entropy changes. Synchronous fluorescence, three-dimensional fluorescence and circular dichroism spectral analysis suggested that the binding of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol to trypsin and lysozyme induced some microenvironmental and conformational changes of the two enzymes. The thermal stability of the enzymes in the presence of polyphenols was studied based on the change in melting temperature by differential scanning calorimetry. The above experimental results were validated by the protein-ligand docking studies which showed the location of the two ligands in the enzymes and the surrounding amino acid residues. Furthermore, enzyme activity assays indicated that the enzymatic activity of trypsin and lysozyme was inhibited by oxyresveratrol and piceatannol. The effect of trypsin and lysozyme on the antioxidant activity and stability of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol was also investigated. In conclusion, the comparative study on the interaction of oxyresveratrol and piceatannol with trypsin and lysozyme showed that the positions of hydroxyl groups of the polyphenols had an important influence on their interaction with enzymes and their antioxidant activity and stability as well as the enzyme activities. The obtained results are expected to provide a theoretical basis for the application of polyphenols in functional foods and pharmaceuticals.

12.
Mar Pollut Bull ; : 110681, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699499

RESUMO

Denitrifying anaerobic methane oxidation (DAMO) and associated microbial diversity and abundance in the marsh sediments of Chongming eastern intertidal flat, the Yangtze Estuary, were investigated using carbon-isotope tracing and molecular techniques. Co-existence of nitrate-DAMO archaea and nitrite-DAMO bacteria was evidenced, with higher biodiversity of DAMO archaea than DAMO bacteria. Abundance of DAMO archaeal mcrA gene and DAMO bacterial pmoA gene ranged from 4.2 × 103 to 3.9 × 1010 copies g-1 and from 4.5 × 105 to 6.4 × 106 copies g-1, respectively. High DAMO potential was detected, ranging from 0.6 to 46.7 nmol 13CO2 g-1 day-1 for nitrate-DAMO and from 1.3 to 39.9 nmol 13CO2 g-1 day-1 for nitrite-DAMO. In addition to playing an important role as a CH4 sink, DAMO bacteria also removed a substantial amount of reactive nitrogen (29.4 nmol N g-1 day-1) from the intertidal sediments. Overall, these results indicate the importance of DAMO bioprocess as methane and nitrate sinks in intertidal marshes.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754062

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: China's one-child policy was replaced by a new universal two-child policy in 2015; however, few studies have addressed the intent to have a second child and resulting related issues. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on 11 991 Chinese women, 18-49 years of age, from 11 provinces in 2016-2017, in order to assess the intent for a second child among Chinese women of childbearing age and other related factors after the introduction of China's new universal two-child policy. RESULTS: We found that the overall prevalence of the intent to have a second child was 39.4% and that economic, childrearing, and health barriers affected fertility intent. Multivariate logistic regression models showed that the age range of 25-39 years (aOR 1.28-1.30), living in Eastern (aOR 1.28, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.50) or Central China (aOR 1.52, 95% CI 1.27 to 1.78), living in a rural area (aOR 1.62, 95% CI 1.47 to 1.78), being a farmer (aOR 1.43, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.88), having a higher household income (aOR 1.13, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.28), having a history of abortion (aOR 1.18, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.31), and already having one child (aOR 3.65 for girls, aOR 2.70 for boys) were associated with a greater intent to have a second child (all p<0.05). Conversely, economic, health, childrearing, and educational barriers were associated with a lower intent to have a second child (aOR 0.65-0.75). CONCLUSION: Four in ten women of childbearing age demonstrated an intent for a second child. We maintain that fertility-related factors be given full consideration when promoting the two-child policy.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714055

RESUMO

The sluggish kinetics and large overpotential of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) severely limit the widespread production and application of metal-air batteries. Herein, a conductive three-dimensional (3D) porous spiral-like polyhedron structure composed of nitrogen-doped carbon nanosheets (L/D-SPNC) was utilized as catalysts with combination of 3D hierarchical porous properties and distinguishing intrinsic properties of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets for ORR. The chiral template, l/d-tartaric acid, induces the self-assembly of the supramolecule and the formation of an orderly array of carbon with spiral-like surface feature on a molecular scale. The resulting L/D-SPNC exhibits a small wall thickness (2.5 nm), large specific surface area (2034.2 m2/g), and high conductivity (155.76 S/m), which indicates that the properties of 2D nanosheets building blocks are kept in 3D mode. As catalysts for ORR, the optimized L-SPNC-950-1 exhibits a more positive onset potential of 1.03 V compared with those of Pt/C (1.00 V) and a half-wave potential of 0.87 V is also comparable to those of Pt/C (0.87 V). Al-air battery discharge data demonstrate that the spiral-like structure facilitates the diffusion of the electrolyte and oxygen on a three-phase interface, causing weak polarization. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations prove that the twisted surface aggravates the differential charge distribution between C-C/C-N bonds.

15.
J Med Virol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670402

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV)16 gene mutation is usually associated with persistent HPV infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). However, the functional implications of HPV16 mutations remain poorly understood.145 LCR/E6/E7 of the HPV16 isolates were amplified and sequenced, and HPV16 integration status was detected. In total, 89 SNPs (68 in the LCR, 13 in E6, 8 in E7) were discovered, 11 of which were nonsynonymous mutations (8 in E6, 3 in E7). The H85Y and E120D variants in E6 were significantly reduced in the high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) group compared to the T," a potential binding site for TATA-binding protein, is the most common in LCR variants. A4 (Asian) was associated with an increased risk of HSIL compared to A1-3(P = .009). The H85/E120 in E6 and N29 in HPV16 E7 might play a critical role in carcinogenesis by disrupting p53 and Rb degradation due to affecting their interaction, respectively. In a word, the findings in this study provide preventative and therapeutic interventions of HPV16 -related cervical lesions/cancer.

16.
FEBS J ; 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736227

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy dysfunction contribute to the establishment and progression of diverse pathologies. Proteolytic activation of the transcription factor nSREBP1 is induced under ER stress; however, little is known about how SREBP1 and its nuclear active form nSREBP1 influence autophagy and unfolded protein response (UPR) activation in osteosarcoma cells. Our research focused on the effect of SREBP1/nSREBP1 upon apoptosis and autophagy during ER stress and the molecular mechanisms involved. Here, we showed that nSREBP1 binds to the promoter of protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), then regulates ER stress, cell growth, cell apoptosis and autophagy through the PERK signaling pathway. nSREBP1 increased PERK gene expression and phosphorylation. nSREBP1 was further demonstrated to activate ER stress response through stimulatory effects on PERK signaling. Overexpression of SREBP1 increased its cleavage and release of nSREBP1, therefore, the effect of SREBP1 is achieved through the enhancement of the expression of nSREBP1. Overexpression of SREBP1/nSREBP1 amplifies PERK- associated cell cycle stagnation with G1 phase arresting, S phase reducing and G2-M phase delaying. LV-SREBP1/nSREBP1 can also bolster PERK's ER stress-associated pro-apoptotic effects. LV-SREBP1/nSREBP1 and LV-PERK can activate autophagy in ER stress response, along with the overexpression of SREBP1/nSREBP1 and PERK. This resulted in amplification of PERK-related changes to cell proliferation, ER stress-mediated apoptosis and autophagy, with the biological effect of nSREBP1 relying on PERK, which makes up one of the three branches of the UPR signal pathway. This study reveals important roles for SREBP1/nSREBP1 in PERK signaling under ER stress. Furthermore, nSREBP1, the nuclear active form of SREBP1, is able to robustly augment effects of PERK. Description of the link between PERK and SREBP1/nSREBP1 function offers an improved understanding of the ER stress response and insight into the biological function of SREBP1/nSREBP.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757004

RESUMO

To determine the geolocation of a pixel for spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images, traditional indirect geolocation methods can cause great computational complexity. In this paper, a fast, three-dimensional, indirect geolocation method without ground control points (GCPs) is presented. First, the Range-Doppler (RD) geolocation model with all the equations in the Earth-centered rotating (ECR) coordinate system is introduced. By using an iterative analytical geolocation method (IAGM), the corner point locations of a quadrangle SAR image on the Earth's surface are obtained. Then, a three-dimensional (3D) grid can be built by utilizing the digital surface model (DSM) data in this quadrangle. Through the proportional relationship for every pixel in the 3D grid, the azimuth time can be estimated, which is the key to decreasing the calculation time of the Doppler centroid. The results show that the proposed method is about 12 times faster than the traditional method, and that it maintains geolocation accuracy. After acquiring the precise azimuth time, it is easy to obtain the range location. Therefore, the spaceborne SAR image can be geolocated to the Earth surface precisely based on the high-resolution DSM data.

19.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 414, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with many chronic diseases including cortisol rhythm disorder and low testosterone. Furthermore, studies on obese children are quite limited and no concordance results have been obtained, especially for boys in puberty. Moreover, the sample sizes of previous studies were small, and were not representative. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey including 1148 boys aged 6-14 years, they were divided into overweight/obesity (OW/OB) group and normal weight (NW) group. Puberty status was assessed according to Tanner scale and testicular volume. Serum levels of pregnenolone, 17-OH progesterone, corticosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and androstenedione were detected by LC-MS. Serum free testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels were measured by chemiluminescence immunoassay. RESULTS: The 17-OH progesterone, DHEA, androstenedione and free testosterone levels of OW/OB boys at prepubertal stage or at the age 6 = < 10 years group were higher than those of the NW boys (all the P values were < 0.01). Furthermore, androstenedione and free testosterone levels were lower in OW/OB boys at late puberty, and the trend continued at the post pubertal stage for FT (P < 0.01-0.05). DHEA, androstenedione, and FT levels persisted to be higher at the 10~ < 12 years in OW/OB boys but not for 17-OH progesterone. FT level was lower in the OW/OB group at the 12~ < 15 years group. The SHBG levels in the OW/OB boys were lower than those in the NW ones at the 6~12 years group, and prepubertal to early pubertal stage. CONCLUSIONS: Premature adrenarche is more likely in OW/OB boys. More attention should be given to the lower androgen levels of OW/OB boys at late pubertal and post pubertal stages.

20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5048, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695122

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been recognized as compelling platforms for the development of miscellaneous applications because of their structural diversity and functional tunability. Here, we propose that the electrocatalytic properties could be well modified by incorporating missing linkers into the MOF. Theoretical calculations suggest the electronic structure of MOFs can be tuned by introducing missing linkers, which improves oxygen evolution reaction (OER) performance of the MOF. Inspired by these aspects, we introduced various missing linkers into a layered-pillared MOF Co2(OH)2(C8H4O4) (termed as CoBDC) to prepare missing-linker MOFs. Transmission electron microscope and synchrotron X-ray measurements confirmed that the missing linkers in the MOF could be introduced and well controlled by our strategy. The self-supported MOF nanoarrays with missing linkers of carboxyferrocene exhibit excellent OER performance with ultralow overpotential of 241 mV at 100 mA cm-2. This work opens a new prospect to develop efficient MOF-based electrocatalysts by introducing missing linkers.

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