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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1264, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341446

RESUMO

Nitrate (NO3‒) pollution poses significant threats to water quality and global nitrogen cycles. Alkaline electrocatalytic NO3‒ reduction reaction (NO3RR) emerges as an attractive route for enabling NO3‒ removal and sustainable ammonia (NH3) synthesis. However, it suffers from insufficient proton (H+) supply in high pH conditions, restricting NO3‒-to-NH3 activity. Herein, we propose a halogen-mediated H+ feeding strategy to enhance the alkaline NO3RR performance. Our platform achieves near-100% NH3 Faradaic efficiency (pH = 14) with a current density of 2 A cm-2 and enables an over 99% NO3--to-NH3 conversion efficiency. We also convert NO3‒ to high-purity NH4Cl with near-unity efficiency, suggesting a practical approach to valorizing pollutants into valuable ammonia products. Theoretical simulations and in situ experiments reveal that Cl-coordination endows a shifted d-band center of Pd atoms to construct local H+-abundant environments, through arousing dangling O-H water dissociation and fast *H desorption, for *NO intermediate hydrogenation and finally effective NO3‒-to-NH3 conversion.

2.
J Imaging Inform Med ; 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343257

RESUMO

Accurate detection of fibrotic interstitial lung disease (f-ILD) is conducive to early intervention. Our aim was to develop a lung graph-based machine learning model to identify f-ILD. A total of 417 HRCTs from 279 patients with confirmed ILD (156 f-ILD and 123 non-f-ILD) were included in this study. A lung graph-based machine learning model based on HRCT was developed for aiding clinician to diagnose f-ILD. In this approach, local radiomics features were extracted from an automatically generated geometric atlas of the lung and used to build a series of specific lung graph models. Encoding these lung graphs, a lung descriptor was gained and became as a characterization of global radiomics feature distribution to diagnose f-ILD. The Weighted Ensemble model showed the best predictive performance in cross-validation. The classification accuracy of the model was significantly higher than that of the three radiologists at both the CT sequence level and the patient level. At the patient level, the diagnostic accuracy of the model versus radiologists A, B, and C was 0.986 (95% CI 0.959 to 1.000), 0.918 (95% CI 0.849 to 0.973), 0.822 (95% CI 0.726 to 0.904), and 0.904 (95% CI 0.836 to 0.973), respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in AUC values between the model and 3 physicians (p < 0.05). The lung graph-based machine learning model could identify f-ILD, and the diagnostic performance exceeded radiologists which could aid clinicians to assess ILD objectively.

3.
J Clin Periodontol ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348766

RESUMO

AIM: Emerging evidence points to a two-way relationship between periodontitis and dietary choices and, thus, nutrition. This study aimed to assess the potential cause-effect relationship between the periodontitis stage, loss of functional tooth units (FTUs), masticatory function, and intake of different food groups using path analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single calibrated examiner determined the periodontitis stage of a consecutive sample of 241 Chinese subjects reporting for tooth replacement. Their masticatory function was quantified by the mixing ability of a two-colour chewing gum. Validated food frequency questionnaires were used to calculate the intake of 33 food group items by an experienced calibrated rater. After verification of assumptions, visual structural equation modeling was performed with Amos 23. The consistency of results and the potential modifying effect of age were assessed in 9043 subjects from the NHANES database. RESULTS: Highly significant models were constructed using periodontitis stage and age as exogenous factors. Periodontitis stage diagnosis significantly affected the number of posterior FTUs and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL, path coefficient [PC] = -0.55 and -0.20, p < .05, respectively). In the model, FTUs also had an independent effect on OHRQoL (PC = 0.23, p < .05). FTUs determined the level of masticatory function (PC = -0.38, p < .05), which in turn affected vegetable intake but not fruit or meat intake (PC = -0.18, p < .0.5, PC = 0.06, NS and PC = 0.11, NS, respectively). The effect of age was significant for vegetable and meat intake and was also correlated with periodontitis stage diagnosis. Analysis of the NHANES database confirmed the negative impact of periodontitis on the number of occluding pairs and vegetable consumption for the 18-44, 45-60 and >60 age groups. CONCLUSIONS: Periodontitis showed a potential cause-effect pathway affecting vegetable intake across cultures and age groups. The size of the effect is potentially of clinical and public health significance. Additional studies, including intervention trials, are required to test this potential mechanism linking oral health to nutrition.

4.
World J Pediatr ; 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although birth defects are of great concern globally, the latest national prevalence has not yet been quantified in China. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the perinatal prevalence of birth defects in the Mainland of China between 2000 and 2021. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of six databases for relevant articles published between January 1, 2000, and March 1, 2023. We included published studies that reported data on the perinatal prevalence of birth defects in the Mainland of China. The DerSimonian and Laird random-effects models were used to estimate the pooled prevalence and its 95% confidence interval (CI). We also conducted subgroup analyses and univariable meta-regressions to explore differences in prevalence by time period, geographic region, and other characteristics. RESULTS: We included 254 studies reporting the perinatal prevalence of birth defects and 86 studies reporting only the prevalence of specific types of birth defects. Based on 254 studies covering 74,307,037 perinatal births and 985,115 cases with birth defects, the pooled perinatal prevalence of birth defects was 122.54 (95% CI 116.20-128.89) per 10,000 perinatal births in the Mainland of China during 2000-2021. Overall, the perinatal prevalence of birth defects increased from 95.60 (86.51-104.69) per 10,000 in 2000-2004 to 208.94 (175.67-242.22) per 10,000 in 2020-2021. There were also significant disparities among different geographical regions. Congenital heart defects (33.35 per 10,000), clefts of the lip and/or palate (13.52 per 10,000), polydactyly (12.82 per 10,000), neural tube defects (12.82 per 10,000), and inborn errors of metabolism (11.41 per 10,000) were the five most common types of birth defects. The perinatal prevalence among males was significantly higher than that among females (ß = 2.44 × 10-3, P = 0.003); a higher perinatal prevalence of birth defects was observed among perinatal births whose mothers were ≥ 35 years (ß = 4.34 × 10-3, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Comprehensive and sustained efforts are needed to strengthen surveillance and detection of birth defects, improve prenatal and postnatal healthcare, and promote rehabilitation, especially in underdeveloped areas.

5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 61, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321532

RESUMO

Fallot-type absent pulmonary valve is a rare and complex congenital heart disease. Repair surgery for this condition during the neonatal period has a mortality rate of over 50%. We reported a neonate with Fallot-type absent pulmonary valve and occlusion of the left main bronchus. The patient's pulmonary artery had unusual anatomy of a type that has not previously been reported. This case report outlines a successful treatment strategy for patients with complex congenital heart disease and airway occlusion during the neonatal period and the effect of these unusual anatomical conditions on postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Atresia Pulmonar , Valva Pulmonar , Tetralogia de Fallot , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Brônquios
6.
Am J Cancer Res ; 14(1): 52-72, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323270

RESUMO

To investigate polydatin's effects on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and lipid metabolism in mice with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and hyperlipidemia, as well as the underlying mechanism of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9). In vivo, we designed two animal models, namely breast pad in situ inoculation of TNBC model and TNBC with lung metastatic were inoculated with the caudal vein model. Mice were administered a high-fat diet. Upon the completion of the experiment, plasma triglycerides (TG), total plasma cholesterol (TC), plasma LDL-C, and plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. ELISA was employed to measure PCSK9 and the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR). The morphological alterations were observed using Oil-red O staining. Immunohistochemical labeling was used to determine the expression of PCSK9 and LDLR in mouse breast cancer (BC) tissues. MTT, wound healing assay, and the transwell migration and invasion test were conducted to examine co-cultured adipocytes' effects on the growth, invasion, and migration of BC cells. In the 4T1-luc cell model injected in situ into the breast pad and 4T1-luc cell model injected into the tail vein, we observed that a high-fat diet promoted the proliferation and lung metastasis of BC cells, whereas polydatin suppressed the proliferation and lung metastasis of BC cells. Co-culture of BC cells with adipocytes enhanced the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis, while polydatin intervention inhibited the growth, invasion, and metastasis. After treatment with polydatin, serum lipid levels decreased, PCSK9 decreased, LDLR increased, and LDL-C decreased in mouse BC, liver, and lung tissues. After polydatin treatment, PCSK9 decreased, LDLR increased, and LDL-C decreased in an in vitro co-culture system of BC cells and adipocytes. After transfection of siRNA PCSK9 in the co-culture system, the LDLR increased more significantly, and the LDL-C decreased more significantly. After transfection of LV-PCSK9, PCSK9 decreased, LDLR increased, and LDL-C decreased. We concluded that polydatin inhibited breast tumor proliferation and distant lung metastasis in mice promoted by a high lipid environment. By suppressing PCSK9, polydatin alters the lipid profile of hyperlipidemic TNBC mice and prevents distant metastases. Our findings provide credence to the established practice of using polydatin in treating TNBC combined with hyperlipidemia.

7.
J Affect Disord ; 351: 683-693, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the bidirectional associations between dietary diversity and clinical depressive symptoms in adult women, and influencing factors of clinical depressive symptoms. METHODS: This longitudinal study included a total of 22,385 participants, each of whom underwent at least two data collections. We used convenience sampling to recruit women from a health management center of a general hospital in southern China from April 2015 to December 2021. They completed an online self-reported health questionnaire, which included demographic characteristics, lifestyle information, the Dietary Diversity Scale (DDS), and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. RESULTS: New-onset depressive symptoms and low dietary diversity were observed in this study among 1285 and 3223 participants, respectively. Negative associations were observed between baseline low dietary diversity and new-onset depressive symptoms (P < 0.05) and between baseline depressive symptoms and low dietary diversity (P < 0.001). Cross-lagged panel analysis indicated that dietary diversity negatively and prospectively predicted depressive symptoms, but vice versa (P < 0.05). Strong evidence of a nonlinear association between DDS scores and incident depressive symptoms was found (P nonlinear < 0.05) regardless of whether the variables were adjusted. Besides, age, menarche age, physical activity, sleep duration, longer sedentary behavior and other lifestyle factors were influencing factors of depressive symptoms (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified bidirectional associations between dietary diversity and depressive symptoms, and the associations were found to have a non-linear pattern. Adherence to dietary diversity and a healthy lifestyle could be effective non-pharmacological preventive measures to reduce the incidence of depressive symptoms.

8.
J Cell Physiol ; 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308657

RESUMO

Primary cilia are distributed extensively within the corneal epithelium and endothelium. However, the presence of cilia in the corneal stroma and the dynamic changes and roles of endothelial and stromal cilia in corneal homeostasis remain largely unknown. Here, we present compelling evidence for the presence of primary cilia in the corneal stroma, both in vivo and in vitro. We also demonstrate dynamic changes of both endothelial and stromal cilia during corneal development. In addition, our data show that cryoinjury triggers dramatic cilium formation in the corneal endothelium and stroma. Furthermore, depletion of cilia in mutant mice lacking intraflagellar transport protein 88 compromises the corneal endothelial capacity to establish the effective tissue barrier, leading to an upregulation of α-smooth muscle actin within the corneal stroma in response to cryoinjury. These observations underscore the essential involvement of corneal endothelial and stromal cilia in maintaining corneal homeostasis and provide an innovative strategy for the treatment of corneal injuries and diseases.

9.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 235: 113764, 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301428

RESUMO

Development of immobilized lipase with excellent catalytic performance and low cost is the major challenge for large-scale industrial applications. In this study, green renewable microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) that was hydrophobically modified with D-alanine (Ala) or L-lysine (Lys) was used for immobilizing Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB). The improved catalytic properties were investigated by experimental and computational methods. CALB immobilized on MCC-Ala with higher hydrophobicity showed better catalytic activity than CALB@MCC-Lys because the increased flexibility of the lid region of CALB@MCC-Ala favored the formation of open conformation. Additionally, the low root mean square deviation and the high ß-sheet and α-helix contents of CALB@MCC-Ala indicated that the structure became more stable, leading to a significantly enhanced stability (54.80% and 90.90% relative activity at 70 °C and pH 9.0, respectively) and good reusability (48.92% activity after 5 cycles). This study provides a promising avenue to develop immobilized lipase with high catalytic properties for industry applications.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319596

RESUMO

The authors describe the case of a 16-year-old male who was incidentally found to have a blood pressure of 200/? mmHg 6 months previously due to blurred vision and was diagnosed with "high risk of hypertension grade 3, renal insufficiency, hypertensive encephalopathy, hypertensive heart disease, and fundus hemorrhage" after relevant examinations were performed. His blood pressure fluctuated around 120/90 mmHg after beginning antihypertensive treatment. While the diagnostic work-up of his hypertension was inconclusive, he had severe hypertension with brachydactyly type E and short stature on physical examination. The patient's cardiac damage and renal insufficiency ultimately returned to normal after strict blood pressure control, suggesting that hypertension and brachydactyly syndrome alone do not cause cardiac and renal damage.

11.
Stroke ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our primary objective was to assess the association between joint exposure to various air pollutants and the risk of ischemic stroke (IS) and the modification of the genetic susceptibility. METHODS: This observational cohort study included 307 304 British participants from the United Kingdom Biobank, who were stroke-free and possessed comprehensive baseline data on genetics, air pollutant exposure, alcohol consumption, and dietary habits. All participants were initially enrolled between 2006 and 2010 and were followed up until 2022. An air pollution score was calculated to assess joint exposure to 5 ambient air pollutants, namely particulate matter with diameters equal to or <2.5 µm, ranging from 2.5 to 10 µm, equal to or <10 µm, as well as nitrogen oxide and nitrogen dioxide. To evaluate individual genetic risk, a polygenic risk score for IS was calculated for each participant. We adjusted for demographic, social, economic, and health covariates. Cox regression models were utilized to estimate the associations between air pollution exposure, polygenic risk score, and the incidence of IS. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up duration of 13.67 years, a total of 2476 initial IS events were detected. The hazard ratios (95% CI) of IS for per 10 µg/m3 increase in particulate matter with diameters equal to or <2.5 µm, ranging from 2.5 to 10 µm, equal to or <10 µm, nitrogen dioxide, and nitrogen oxide were 1.73 (1.33-2.14), 1.24 (0.88-1.70), 1.13 (0.89-1.33), 1.03 (0.98-1.08), and 1.04 (1.02-1.07), respectively. Furthermore, individuals in the highest quintile of the air pollution score exhibited a 29% to 66% higher risk of IS compared with those in the lowest quintile. Notably, participants with both high polygenic risk score and air pollution score had a 131% (95% CI, 85%-189%) greater risk of IS than participants with low polygenic risk score and air pollution score. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that prolonged joint exposure to air pollutants may contribute to an increased risk of IS, particularly among individuals with elevated genetic susceptibility to IS.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306260

RESUMO

Supervised person re-identification (Re-ID) approaches are sensitive to label corrupted data, which is inevitable and generally ignored in the field of person Re-ID. In this paper, we propose a two-stage noise-tolerant paradigm (TSNT) for labeling corrupted person Re-ID. Specifically, at stage one, we present a self-refining strategy to separately train each network in TSNT by concentrating more on pure samples. These pure samples are progressively refurbished via mining the consistency between annotations and predictions. To enhance the tolerance of TSNT to noisy labels, at stage two, we employ a co-training strategy to collaboratively supervise the learning of the two networks. Concretely, a rectified cross-entropy loss is proposed to learn the mutual information from the peer network by assigning large weights to the refurbished reliable samples. Moreover, a noise-robust triplet loss is formulated for further improving the robustness of TSNT by increasing inter-class distances and reducing intra-class distances in the label-corrupted dataset, where a constraint condition for reliability discrimination is carefully designed to select reliable triplets. Extensive experiments demonstrate the superiority of TSNT, for instance, on the Market1501 dataset, our paradigm achieves 90.3% rank-1 accuracy (6.2% improvement over the state-of-the-art method) under noise ratio 20%.

13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1292: 342241, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309851

RESUMO

In addition to confirming virus infection, quantitative identification of the antibodies to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) also evaluates persons immunity to guide personal protection. However, portable assays for fast and accurate quantification of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies remain challenging. In this work, we synthesized Au@Pt star-like nanoparticles (NPs) quickly and easily by a one-pot wet-chemical approach, allowing the stellate Au core to be partially decorated by Pt nanoshells. The nanoparticles were used as probe in a lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) that operated in both colorimetric and photothermal dual modes, which could detect the antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein with high sensitivity. Due to the sharp tips on the external region of nanostars and surface plasmon coupling effect between the Au core and Pt shell, the NIR absorption capacity and photothermal performance of these NPs were exceptional. Under optimal conditions, the colorimetric mode's detection limit for SARS-CoV-2 N protein antibody was 1 ng mL-1, which is significantly lower by 2-order of magnitude compared to commercially available colloidal gold strips. And the detection limit for the photothermal mode was as low as 24.91 pg mL-1, which was approximately 40-fold more sensitive than colorimetric detection. Moreover, the method demonstrated favorable specificity, reproducibility and stability. Finally, the approach was employed for the successful identification of actual serum samples. Therefore, the dual-mode LFIA can be applied for screening and tracking the early immunological reaction to SARS-CoV-2, and it has great promise for clinical application.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanoconchas , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Colorimetria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Antivirais , Imunoensaio , Nucleocapsídeo
14.
Food Res Int ; 178: 113938, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309866

RESUMO

Intestinal barrier integrity is essential for normal nutrient digestion and absorption and disease resistance. This study aims to investigate how fermentation affects the ameliorative effect of bee pollen on the intestinal barrier dysfunction stimulated by interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor (IFN-γ/TNF-α) cytokines. The results indicated that fermentation enhances the alleviating effect of bee pollen on intestinal barrier dysfunction (including elevated trans epithelial electrical resistance and decreased paracellular permeability). In addition, fermented bee pollen (FBP) significantly decreased (p < 0.05) the secretion levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and IL-1ß and expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 protein in intestinal barrier cells. Furthermore, fermentation improved the ability of bee pollen to up-regulate the expression of tight junction proteins including zonula occludens (ZO)-1, occluding, and claudin-1. Notably, FBP showed stronger ability to inhibit the expression of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) mediated myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and myosin light chain (MLC) signaling pathway associated with phosphorylated proteins. Overall, our results indicated that fermentation enhances the protective effect of bee pollen on the intestinal barrier, and FBP has promising potential to be used as a novel functional food to protect the intestinal barrier.


Assuntos
Quinase de Cadeia Leve de Miosina , NF-kappa B , Humanos , Animais , Abelhas , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Quinase de Cadeia Leve de Miosina/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Fermentação , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Pólen
15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 662: 48-57, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335739

RESUMO

Presently, most fluorescent probes for amino acid enantiomers detection require metal ions participation, which greatly increases the detection steps and costs, and affects the accuracy of detection results. To solve this problem, a dual pattern recognition sensor of chiral carbon dots (L-Try-Thr-CDs) with a quantum yield of 36.23 % was prepared by a one-step solvothermal method for the highly selective detection of lysine (Lys) enantiomers. Under optimal experimental conditions, the fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) signals of the obtained L-Try-Thr-CDs could rapidly and effectively responded to L-Lys with limits of detection (LOD) of 16.51 nM and 24.38 nM, respectively, much lower than previously reported sensors. Importantly, the L-Try-Thr-CDs as a dual-mode sensor could not only detect amino acid enantiomers and simplify the steps, but also avoid inaccurate detection results due to unstable metal ions. Furthermore, the L-Try-Thr-CDs could detect L-Lys in living cells via a fluorescence microscope because of their excellent fluorescence characteristics and low toxicity. These results indicated that the dual-mode sensor not only provided a practical strategy for the design of new fluorescent probes, but also possessed outstanding application prospects in the accurate detection of lysine enantiomers.

16.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 15(2)2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398990

RESUMO

Controlling the collective behavior of micro/nanomotors with ultrasound may enable new functionality in robotics, medicine, and other engineering disciplines. Currently, various collective behaviors of nanomotors, such as assembly, reconfiguration, and disassembly, have been explored by using acoustic fields with a fixed frequency, while regulating their collective behaviors by varying the ultrasound frequency still remains challenging. In this work, we designed an ultrasound manipulation methodology that allows nanomotors to exhibit different collective behaviors by regulating the applied ultrasound frequency. The experimental results and FEM simulations demonstrate that the secondary ultrasonic waves produced from the edge of the sample cell lead to the formation of complex acoustic pressure fields and microfluidic patterns, which causes these collective behaviors. This work has important implications for the design of artificial actuated nanomotors and optimize their performances.

17.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1322426, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304182

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the positivity rates and drug resistance characteristics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) among suspected tuberculosis (TB) patients in Shandong Province, the second-largest population province in China. Methods: A prospective, multi-center study was conducted from April 2022 to June 2023. Pathogen and drug resistance were identified using nucleotide matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (nucleotide MALDI-TOF MS). Results: Of 940 suspected TB patients included in this study, 552 cases were found to be infected with MTB giving an overall positivity rate of 58.72%. Total of 346 cases were resistant to arbitrary anti-TB drug (62.68%), with Zibo (76.47%), Liaocheng and Weihai (both 69.23%) ranking top three and TB treatment history might be a related factor. Monoresistance was the most common pattern (33.53%), with isoniazid the highest at 12.43%, followed by rifampicin at 9.54%. Further analysis of gene mutations conferring resistance revealed diverse types with high heteroresistance rate found in multiple anti-TB drugs. Conclusion: A relatively high rate of MTB positivity and drug resistance was found in Shandong Province during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, indicating the need for strengthening rapid identification of species and drug resistance among suspected TB patients to guide better medication and minimize the occurrence of drug resistance.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose , Humanos , Antituberculosos/farmacologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Nucleotídeos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
18.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1635, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388712

RESUMO

Whole-genome duplication (WGD), or polyploidy, events are widespread and significant in the evolutionary history of angiosperms. However, empirical evidence for rediploidization, the major process where polyploids give rise to diploid descendants, is still lacking at the genomic level. Here we present chromosome-scale genomes of the mangrove tree Sonneratia alba and the related inland plant Lagerstroemia speciosa. Their common ancestor has experienced a whole-genome triplication (WGT) approximately 64 million years ago coinciding with a period of dramatic global climate change. Sonneratia, adapting mangrove habitats, experienced extensive chromosome rearrangements post-WGT. We observe the WGT retentions display sequence and expression divergence, suggesting potential neo- and sub-functionalization. Strong selection acting on three-copy retentions indicates adaptive value in response to new environments. To elucidate the role of ploidy changes in genome evolution, we improve a model of the polyploidization-rediploidization process based on genomic evidence, contributing to the understanding of adaptive evolution during climate change.

19.
Toxics ; 12(2)2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393252

RESUMO

This study investigated the impact of soil colloidal characteristics on the transfer patterns of different Cu and Cd speciation in contaminated soil treated with three different amendments: lime (L), zero-valent iron (ZVI), and attapulgite (ATP). It seeks to clarify the activation hazards and aging processes of these modifications on Cu and Cd. Compared with the control (CK), the available Cu concentrations treated with amendments reduced in the short term (6 months) by 96.49%, 5.54%, and 89.78%, respectively, and Cd declined by 55.43%, 32.31%, and 93.80%, respectively. Over a 12-year period, there was no significant change in the immobile effect with L, while Cu and Cd fell by 19.06% and 40.65% with ZVI and by 7.63% and 40.78% with ATP. Short- and long-term increases in the readily reducible iron and manganese oxide fraction of Cu and Cd were accompanied by a considerable rise in the concentrations of amorphous iron oxide in the soil and colloid after amendment treatment. This suggested that Cu and Cd were immobilized and stabilized in part by amorphous iron oxide.

20.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04021, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385445

RESUMO

Background: The transmission of malaria is known to be affected by climatic factors. However, existing studies on the impact of temperature and precipitation on malaria incidence offer no clear-cut conclusions, and there is a lack of research on a global scale. We aimed to estimate the association of temperature and precipitation with malaria incidence globally from 2000 to 2019. Methods: We used meteorological data from the National Centers for Environmental Information and malaria incidence data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 to calculate effect sizes through quasi-Poisson generalised linear models while controlling for confounders. Results: 231.4 million malaria cases occurred worldwide in 2019. National annual average temperature and precipitation were associated with malaria incidence, with an increase in the age-standardised incidence rate (ASIR) of 2.01% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.00, 2.02) and 6.04% (95% CI = 6.00, 6.09) following one unit increase of national annual average temperature and precipitation. In subgroup analysis, we found that malaria incidence in Asian countries was most affected by temperature, while the incidence in African countries was most affected by precipitation (P < 0.05). Stratified by age, children under five were most affected by both temperature and precipitation (P < 0.05). We additionally found that the impact of the national annual average temperature on malaria incidence increased over time (P < 0.05). Conclusions: We advocate for a comprehensive approach to malaria prevention, focussed on addressing the impact of climate factors through international collaboration, adaptive measures, and targeted interventions for vulnerable populations.


Assuntos
Malária , Criança , Humanos , Temperatura , Incidência , Malária/epidemiologia , Ásia , África/epidemiologia
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