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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 159082, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174696

RESUMO

Nitrate promotes anodic denitrification and fasts organic matter removal in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). However, it suffers from poor total nitrogen (TN) removal and current recovery. In this study, some novel electroactive nitrifying/denitrifying bacteria (ENDB) were introduced in a single chambered air-cathode MFC to investigate the performance of this device and the microbial community shift by adding nitrate. Results showed a similar disturbance in current output by adding nitrate during a short-term operation. However, a stable and reproducible current increase was achieved in the continuous experiment. A maximum current of 0.76 A m-3 and a maximum TN removal of >99 % were accomplished. The corresponding corrected coulombic efficiency was approximately 18 %. Under repeatable batches, a sharp decrease in chemical oxygen demand (COD) with feeding nitrate confirmed the temporary competition on electron donors through heterotrophic denitrification. The later current increase and nitrite detection occurring without metabolized COD could be considered evidence of electroactive anodic nitrification. The ENDB biofilm successfully coupled mixotrophic denitrification and electroactive anodic nitrification. It eventually promoted TN removal. In the process, genera Pseudoxanthomonas, Thauera, and Pseudomonas were enriched in the anodic ENDB biofilms. Cyclic voltammetry data confirmed the promotion of the electron transfer process by biofilms. The bacterial function predication revealed that the genes related to nitrogen removal and electron transfer were upregulated. Therefore, mixotrophic denitrification and electroactive anodic nitrification processes facilitated power recovery with the high efficiency of pollutant removal, finally ensuring water body security.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Nitratos/metabolismo , Eletrodos , Bactérias/metabolismo , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/metabolismo
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 159180, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191704

RESUMO

Microplastic (MPs) pollution is a global marine environmental problem. The effects of MPs on the gut microbiota of aquatic organisms have received considerable attention. For example, microbes colonizing MPs in pond cultures alter the structure and function of the intestinal microbes of shrimp and fish. It was hypothesized that bacteria on MPs in natural mariculture areas also interact with the intestinal flora of golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) because biofilms can form on the surface of MPs during long-term floating in seawater. To our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate MPs pollution in T. ovatus aquaculture. DNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis confirmed the effect of microbial colonization of MPs on the intestinal flora of T. ovatus. The MPs detected in the gut wet weight (w.w.) of golden pompano (546 ± 52 items/g) were mainly pellets and fragments of blue or green, whereas the sediment MPs dry weight (d.w.) (4765 ± 116 items/kg) were mainly black fibers. The MPs richness in the sediment gradually increased from the open-sea aquaculture area to the estuarine aquaculture area and was positively correlated with the MPs richness in the intestinal tract of golden pompano. MPs 20-200 µm were the most common in the gut and sediment. The intake of MPs increased the abundance of Proteobacteria and decreased that of Firmicutes in the intestinal flora. The functional compositions of MP-colonizing microbes and gut microbiota were similar, suggesting that the two communities influence each other. Network analysis further confirmed this and revealed that Vibrio plays a key role in the intestinal flora and surface microorganisms of MPs. Overall, the intake of MPs by aquatic animals not only affects the intestinal flora and intestinal microbial function, but also poses potential risks to aquaculture.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Vibrio , Animais , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Aquicultura , Peixes
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt B): 130249, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332276

RESUMO

Brain volume decrease in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) after lead (Pb) exposure has been linked to persistent impairment of attention behavior. However, the precise structural change and molecular mechanism for the Pb-induced ACC alteration and its contribution to inattention have yet to be fully characterized. The present study determined the role of miRNA regulated synaptic structural and functional impairment in the ACC and its relationship to attention deficit disorder in Pb exposed mice. Results showed that Pb exposure induced presynaptic impairment and structural alterations in the ACC. Furthermore, we screened for critical miRNA targets responsible for the synaptic alteration. We found that miR-130, which regulates presynaptic vesicle releasing protein SNAP-25, was responsible for the presynaptic impairment in the ACC and attention deficits in mice. Blocking miR-130 function reversed the Pb-induced decrease in the expression of its presynaptic target SNAP-25, leading to the redistribution of presynaptic vesicles, as well as improved presynaptic function and attention in Pb exposed mice. We report, for the first time, that miR-130 regulating SNAP-25 mediates Pb-induced presynaptic structural and functional impairment in the ACC along with attention deficit disorder in mice.

4.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 445, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333288

RESUMO

Overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and aberrant lipid metabolism are established hallmarks of cancer; however, the role of ROS in lipid synthesis during tumorigenesis is almost unknown. Herein, we show that ROS regulates lipid synthesis and thus controls colorectal tumorigenesis through a p53-dependent mechanism. In p53 wild-type colorectal cancer (CRC) cells, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced p53 expression represses the transcription of deubiquitinase USP22, which otherwise deubiquitinates and stabilizes Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN), and thus inhibits fatty acid synthesis. Whereas, in p53-deficient CRC cells, ROS-mediated inhibition of USP22 is relieved, leading to FASN stabilization, which thus promotes lipid synthesis and tumor growth. In human CRC specimens, USP22 expression is positively correlated with FASN expression. Our study demonstrates that ROS critically regulates lipid synthesis and tumorigenesis through the USP22-FASN axis in a p53-dependent manner, and targeting the USP22-FASN axis may represent a potential strategy for the treatment of colorectal cancer.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1009494, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337864

RESUMO

Background: The results of studies evaluating the left atrial appendage (LAA) function and structure as predictors of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation (CA) are contradictory. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to assess whether the LAA function and structure can predict the recurrence of AF after CA. Methods: The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane library databases were used to conduct a comprehensive literature search. Finally, 37 studies encompassing 11 LAA parameters were included in this meta-analysis. Results: Compared with those in the non-recurrence group, the recurrence group had increased LAA volume (SMD 0.53, 95% CI [0.36, 0.71] p < 0.00001), LAA volume index, LAA orifice area, and LAA orifice short/long axis and decreased LAA emptying flow velocity (SMD -0.54, 95% CI [-0.68, -0.40], P < 0.00001), LAA filling flow velocity, and LAA ejection fraction, while there was no significant difference in LAA morphology or LAA depth. Conclusion: Large LAA structure of pre-ablation (LAA volume, orifice area, orifice long/short axis, and volume index) and decreased LAA function of pre-ablation (LAA emptying flow velocity, filling flow velocity, ejection fraction, and LASEC) increase the odds of AF recurrence after CA. Systematic review registration: [https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/], identifier [CRD42022324533].

6.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(21)2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365563

RESUMO

In order to explore the methods of recycling waste paper, reduce environment pollution, and develop a circular economy, the application of waste corrugated paper to the strengthening of polylactic acid (PLA) was studied. Plant fiber from waste corrugated paper (WCPF) was used to prepare WCPF/PLA composite via co-extrusion. The WCPF was extracted from the waste corrugated paper by beating in a Valli beating machine and grinding in a disc grinder. KH-550 coupling agent was used to modify the surface of WCPF to improve the interface adhesive strength between the WCPF and PLA matrix. The effects of the contents of WCPF and KH-550 coupling agent on the mechanical properties, microstructure, crystallization properties, and thermostability of the WCPF/PLA composite were studied. The results show that the WCPF can be well separated from each other. The WCPF can be uniformly dispersed in the PLA matrix through a co-extrusion process. WCPF can increase the mechanical strength and deformation resistance ability of WCPF/PLA composite, and KH-550 coupling agent can further improve that of the WCPF/PLA composite. This study is of obvious significance to the recycling of waste paper and the development of a circular economy.

7.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6866, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369243

RESUMO

The effectiveness of a 3rd dose of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines waned quickly in the Omicron-predominant period. In response to fast-waning immunity and the threat of Omicron variant of concern (VOC) to healthcare workers (HCWs), we conduct a non-randomized trial (ChiCTR2200055564) in which 38 HCWs volunteer to receive a homologous booster of inactivated vaccines (BBIBP-CorV) 6 months after the 3rd dose. The primary and secondary outcomes are neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) and the receptor-binding domain (RBD)-directed antibodies, respectively. The 4th dose recalls waned immunity while having distinct effects on humoral responses to different antigens. The peak antibody response to the RBD induced by the 4th dose is inferior to that after the 3rd dose, whereas responses to the N-terminal domain (NTD) of spike protein are further strengthened significantly. Accordingly, the 4th dose further elevates the peak level of NAbs against ancestral SARS-CoV-2 and Omicron BA.2, but not BA.1 which has more NTD mutations. No severe adverse events related to vaccination are recorded during the trial. Here, we show that redistribution of immune focus after repeated vaccinations may modulate cross-protective immune responses against different VOCs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas Virais , Humanos , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Imunidade Humoral , Proteínas do Envelope Viral , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , Anticorpos Antivirais , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados , Anticorpos Neutralizantes
8.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-18, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394271

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of isovitexin on ulcerative colitis mice and RAW264.7 cells. The results showed that isovitexin had strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, and could restore intestinal barrier integrity (p < 0.01). In addition, isovitexin inhibited the expression of MyD88, TLR4 and NF-κB p65 proteins. At the same time, isovitexin can inhibit the activation of MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells. In conclusion, isovitexin has a protective effect on UC mice, and its improvement mechanism of UC might be related to MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway.

9.
Front Nutr ; 9: 1001031, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36407549

RESUMO

Placental function is vital to the fetal growth of sows, and resveratrol (RES) can protect cells against oxidative stress, which is one of the major factors impairing placental function. This study aimed to investigate the effect of dietary resveratrol (RES) on placental function and reproductive performance during late pregnancy in a sow model from the aspects of oxidative stress, insulin resistance, and gut microbiota. A total of 26 hybrid pregnant sows (Landrace × Yorkshire) with similar parity were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 13) and fed with a basal diet or a diet containing 200 mg/kg of resveratrol from day 85 of gestation until parturition. The dietary supplementation of RES increased the litter weight at parturition by 12.53% (p = 0.145), with ameliorated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), increased triglyceride (TG) levels, and decreased interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 levels in serum (p < 0.05). Moreover, resveratrol increased the placental vascular density (p < 0.05) with the enhanced expression of nutrient transporter genes (SLC2A1 and SLC2A3) and antioxidant genes, such as superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) but declined the expression of inflammatory genes, such as IL-1ß and IL-6 (p < 0.05). The characterization of the fecal microbiota revealed that resveratrol decreased the relative abundance of the Christensensllaceae R-7 group and Ruminococcaceae UCG-008 (p < 0.05), which had a positive linear correlation with the expression of IL-1ß and IL-6 (p < 0.05), but had a negative linear correlation with the expression of SOD2, HO-1, SLC2A1, and SCL2A3 genes (p < 0.05). These data demonstrated that dietary supplementation with resveratrol can improve placental function with ameliorated insulin resistance, oxidative stress, and inflammation potentially by regulating Ruminococcaceae UCG-008 and the Christensensllaceae R-7 group in sows.

10.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognostic evaluation is important for personalized treatment in children with medulloblastoma (MB). Limited data are available for risk stratification using a radiomics-based model. PURPOSE: To evaluate the incremental value of an MRI radiomics signature in stratifying the risk of pediatric MB in terms of overall survival (OS). STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. SUBJECTS: A total of 111 children (mean age 5.82 years) with pathologically confirmed MB divided into training and validation cohorts (77 and 34 children, respectively). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3 T, contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging with inversion recovery. ASSESSMENT: The study endpoint was OS defined as the time between the preoperative MRI study and death or last follow-up. The radiomics signature model and a clinical-MRI model were developed for personalized OS prediction. An integrative model, which combined the radiomics signature and clinical-MRI features, was also built using multivariable Cox regression model. The performance of the three models was evaluated with the C-index. The performance of integrative model was assessed by calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA). STATISTICAL TESTS: Independent T-test, Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact tests or chi-square test, logistic regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, C-index, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The media OS was 2.83 years (3.87 ± 1.85 years). Two clinical and one conventional MR imaging features (remnant, adjuvant treatment, and peritumoral edema) were selected for clinical-MRI model building. The integrative model evaluated OS (C-index 0.823) better than either the radiomics signature (C-index 0.702) or the clinical-MRI model (C-index 0.771). And it also showed good performance in the validation cohort (C-indices: 0.786, 0.756, 0.721), which was validated by the good calibration (P > 0.05) and more benefit. DATA CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the integrative model, which combined radiomics signature, clinical, and conventional MRI features, showed best performance in OS evaluation for children with MB. The radiomics signature may confer incremental value over clinical-MRI features. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 3. TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

11.
Front Genet ; 13: 1037120, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386850

RESUMO

The incidence and mortality of gastric cancer ranks as a fouth leading cause of cancer death worldwide, especially in East Asia. Due to the lack of specific early-stage symptoms, the majority of patients in most developing nations are diagnosed at an advanced stage. Therefore, it is urgent to find more sensitive and reliable biomarkers for gastric cancer screening and diagnosis. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a novel type of RNAs with covalently closed loops, are becoming a latest hot spot in the field of. In recent years, a great deal of research has demonstrated that abnormal expression of circRNAs was associated with the development of gastric cancer, and suggested that circRNA might serve as a potential biomarker for gastric cancer diagnosis. In this review, we summarize the structural characteristics, formation mechanism and biological function of circRNAs, and elucidate research progress and existing problems in early screening of gastric cancer.

12.
Chemphyschem ; 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404675

RESUMO

Room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) materials are characterized with emission after removing the excitation source. Such long-lived emission feature possesses great potential in biological fluorescence imaging because it enables a way regarding temporal dimension for separating the interference of autofluorescence and common noises typically encountered in conventional fluorescence imaging. Herein, we constructed a new type of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs)-based composite nanoparticles (NPs) with dual-color long-lived emission, namely millisecond-level green phosphorescence and sub-millisecond-level delayed red fluorescence by encapsulating a typical RTP dye and Rhodamine dye in the cavities of the MSNs with the former acting as energy donor (D) while the latter as acceptor (A). Benefiting from the close D-A proximity, energy match between the donor and the acceptor and the optimized D/A ratio in the composite NPs, efficient triplet-to-singlet FÓ§rster resonance energy transfer (TS-FRET) in the NPs occurred upon exciting the donor, which enabled dual-color long-lived emission. The preliminary results of dual-color correlation imaging of live cells based on such emission feature unequivocally verified the unique ability of such NPs for distinguishing the false positive generated by common emitters with single-color emission feature.

13.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1035276, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389699

RESUMO

Recent advances in cancer immunotherapy using monoclonal antibodies have dramatically revolutionized the therapeutic strategy against advanced malignancies, inspiring the exploration of various types of therapeutic antibodies. Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) are recombinant molecules containing two different antigens or epitopes identifying binding domains. Bispecific antibody-based tumor immunotherapy has gained broad potential in preclinical and clinical investigations in a variety of tumor types following regulatory approval of newly developed technologies involving bispecific and multispecific antibodies. Meanwhile, a series of challenges such as antibody immunogenicity, tumor heterogeneity, low response rate, treatment resistance, and systemic adverse effects hinder the application of BsAbs. In this review, we provide insights into the various architecture of BsAbs, focus on BsAbs' alternative different mechanisms of action and clinical progression, and discuss relevant approaches to overcome existing challenges in BsAbs clinical application.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 859(Pt 1): 160214, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395837

RESUMO

Long-term planning of urban drainage systems aimed at maintaining the sustainability of urban hydrology remains challenging. In this study, an innovative multi-stage planning framework involving two adaptation pathways for optimizing hybrid low impact development and grey infrastructure (LID-GREI) layouts in opposing chronological orders was explored. The Forward Planning and Backward Planning are adaptation pathways to increase LID in chronological order based on the initial development stage of an urban built-up area and reduce LID in reverse chronological order based on the final development stage, respectively. Two resilience indicators, which considered potential risk scenarios of extreme storms and pipeline failures, were used to evaluate the performance of optimized layouts when land-use changed and evolved over time. Compared these two pathways, Forward Planning made the optimized layouts more economical and resilient in most risk scenarios when land-use changed, while the layouts optimized by Backward Planning showed higher resilience only in the initial stage. Furthermore, a decentralized scheme in Forward Planning was chosen as the optimal solution when taking costs, reliability, resilience, and land-use changes into an overall consideration. Nevertheless, this kind of reverse optimization order offers a novel exploration in planning pathways for discovering the alternative optimization schemes. More comprehensive solutions can be provided to decision-makers. The findings will shed a light on the exploration of optimized layouts in terms of spatial configuration and resilience performance in response to land-use changes. This framework can be used to support long-term investment and planning in urban drainage systems for sustainable stormwater management.

15.
Int J Bioprint ; 8(4): 613, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404785

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology provides advanced technical support for designing personalized bone tissue engineering scaffold. In this study, two porous diffusing models, namely, average and layered perforated cylindrical scaffolds, were designed for bone tissue engineering scaffold. The designed models were fabricated by liquid crystal display mask stereolithography printing. Structural design and finite element mechanical analysis were conducted. 45S5 bioglass was selected as the raw material for preparing the printing inks for bone tissue engineering scaffolds. By adjusting the viscosity and temperature of the slurry, the maximum proportion of 45S5 bioglass (40 wt%) was added into the photosensitive resin for preparing 3D printing slurry. Our results indicated that an optimized sintering condition includes the debinding rate (0.5°C/min), and temperature raising rate (5°C/min) and sintering temperature (1100°C) were proposed to sinter 45S5 bioceramic scaffolds. The amorphous 45S5 bioglass showed good crystallization after sintering, and the scaffold porous structure showed good integrity. Micropores were observed in the struts which interconnected with each other. Moreover, the porosities were tested as 57% and 45% with a uniform pore distribution. The shrinkage rate was about 10% during sintering process due to binder burning and crystallization shrinkage. The compressive strength of the sintered scaffold was 0.71 ± 0.048 MPa and 2.13 ± 0.054 MPa, respectively, which are consistent with the finite element mechanical analysis simulation results. In conclusion, the layered perforated 45S5 bioglass scaffold shows good mechanical properties and porosity, indicating that it could be a promising candidate for bone tissue engineering.

16.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy (HDCP) are one of the most serious medical disorders during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of hydrogen on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in preeclampsia (PE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced PE model with Sprague Dawley (SD) rats was employed. An inhibitor of MAPK signaling pathways (SB203580) was used as a p38 MAPK inhibitor. The SD rats were randomized into 5 groups: non-pregnant (NP); normal pregnancy (P); pregnancy + L-NAME (L); pregnancy + L-NAME + hydrogen-rich saline (LH); and pregnancy + L-NAME + hydrogen-rich saline + SB203580 (LHS). The pregnancies were terminated on day 22 of gestation, and the placentas and kidneys were microscopically inspected. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were assessed. The mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and level of proteinuria were recorded. The p38 MAPK mRNA expression and p-p38 MAPK protein levels were measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot, respectively. RESULTS: It was found that hydrogen-rich saline (LH group) decreased placental MDA, proteinuria, TNF-α, and IL-1ß levels in the placental tissues compared with the L group (all p < 0.05). Additionally, hydrogen-rich saline (LH group) treatment significantly decreased the p38 MAPK mRNA expression and p-p38 MAPK protein levels compared with the L group (p < 0.05). The p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 (LHS group) further decreased the p38 MAPK mRNA expression and p-p38 MAPK protein levels compared with the LH group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Hydrogen can decrease the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content and inhibit the MAPK pathway. The protective effect of hydrogen may be associated with the inhibition of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

17.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331417

RESUMO

Background: Acute skeletal muscle injuries are common among physical or sports traumas. The excessive oxidative stress at the site of injury impairs muscle regeneration. The authors have recently developed porous Se@SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) with antioxidant properties. Methods: The protective effects were evaluated by cell proliferation, myogenic differentiation and mitochondrial activity. Then, the therapeutic effect was investigated in a cardiotoxin-induced muscle injury rat model. Results: Porous Se@SiO2 NPs significantly protected the morphological and functional stability of mitochondria, thus protecting satellite cells from H2O2-induced damage to cell proliferation and myogenic differentiation. In the rat model, intervention with porous Se@SiO2 NPs promoted muscle regeneration. Conclusion: This study reveals the application potential of porous Se@SiO2 NPs in skeletal muscle diseases related to mitochondrial dysfunction.


Muscle injuries are very common in daily life and in sports. When a muscle is injured, the local response inhibits the regeneration and differentiation of stem cells inside the muscle, thus hindering muscle regeneration. The authors have recently developed a nanoparticle with the ability to protect muscle stem cell function, promote stem cell proliferation and differentiation and facilitate muscle regeneration after skeletal muscle injury in rats. Thus, this study reveals the potential of porous Se@SiO2 nanoparticles in skeletal muscle diseases associated with mitochondrial dysfunction.

18.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 185(Pt A): 114264, 2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330935

RESUMO

We analyzed total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), and heavy metals in 58 sediment samples from the Laoshan Bay, China. TOC and TN results identified marine primary production as the dominant source for organic matter, and the weak correlations between TOC, TN, and heavy metals indicated the terrestrial origin of heavy metals. Cd showed insignificant correlations with other metals, which suggests that agriculture production is the main anthropogenic activity affecting the distribution of Cd. Pb contamination in past 50 years was likely to have occurred because of fossil fuel combustion. Despite 210Pb dating, it was still difficult to trace the contamination condition over interannual variations. Nonetheless, these results provide data for monitoring Pb contamination. As Laoshan Bay is an important economic area, it would be beneficial to conduct further studies to determine the sources and degree of contamination for each heavy metal.

20.
Biodegradation ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401058

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) has been widely used in the manufacture of polymeric materials. BPA is regarded as an endocrine disrupting chemical, posing a great threat to the public health. In this study, a bacterial strain LM-1, capable of utilizing BPA as the sole carbon and energy source under aerobic conditions, was originally isolated from an activated sludge sample. The isolate was identified as Pseudomonas sp. based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Strain LM-1 was able to completely degrade 25-100 mg/L BPA within 14-24 h, and it also exhibited high capacity for BPA degradation at a range of pH (6.0-8.0). (NH4)2SO4 and NH4NO3 were the suitable nitrogen sources for its growth and BPA biodegradation, and the BPA degradation could be accelerated when exogenous carbon sources were introduced as the co-substrates. Metal ions such as Zn2+, Cu2+, and Ni2+ could considerably suppress the growth of strain LM-1 and BPA degradation. According to the analysis of liquid chromatography coupled to Q-Exactive high resolution mass spectrometry, hydroquinone, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, and p-hydroxybenzoate were the predominate metabolites in the BPA biodegradation and the degradation pathways were proposed. This study is important for assessment of the fate of BPA in engineered and natural systems and possibly for designing bioremediation strategies.

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