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1.
Talanta ; 253: 123896, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103749

RESUMO

Tinuvin 622, an oligomeric light stabilizer, is widely used in plastics to reduce light and heat induced degradation and extend their service life, therefore its detection is of great importance for quality control of plastic products. However, the classical analytical methods of Tinuvin 622, such as chromatography and mass spectrometry, are difficult to achieve direct qualitative and quantitative analysis, and simultaneously to obtain the molecular weight and molecular weight distribution information. Herein, we propose for the first time the combination of gel permeation chromatography with multi-angle laser light scattering as a simple and direct method to detect Tinuvin 622 in polymers and simultaneously to obtain its molecular weight distribution information. The linearity of the method was good in the concentration range of 0.1-5.0 mg/mL Tinuvin 622 with correlation coefficient (R2 = 0.9999), and the recoveries of Tinuvin 622 at three addition levels ranged from 94.0% to 98.7%, with relative standard deviations of no more than 1.73%. The proposed method has been successfully used to detect Tinuvin 622 in actual samples of polymer additives. Compared with existing analytical methods, Tinuvin 622 has a single peak shape in our method, which is easy to identify and quantify accurately; more importantly, our method can simultaneously characterize the molecular weight and molecular weight distribution of Tinuvin 622, which makes up for the shortcomings of other approaches and provides a new tool for quality monitoring of polymer additives.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 129: 106128, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113266

RESUMO

A series of novel 2-aminopyridine derivatives 1-26 have been designed and synthesized by structural modifications on a lead USP7 inhibitor, GNE6640. All the compounds were evaluated for their USP7 inhibitory activities. The results showed that most of the compounds have good USP7 inhibitory activities at the concentration of 50 µM. Among them, compounds 7, 14 and 21 are the most potential ones from each category with the IC50 values of 7.6 ± 0.1 µM, 17.0 ± 0.2 µM and 11.6 ± 0.5 µM, respectively. Compounds 7 and 21 expressed significant binding interactions with USP7 by surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based binding assay, but both of them presented moderate antiproliferative activities against HCT116 cells. They could effectively promote MDM2 degradation, p53 stabilization and p21 gene expression in the western blot analysis.

3.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1740, 2022 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adherence to physical activity is inadequate in adults with metabolic syndrome. Adherence to physical activity recommendations is crucial and can result in improved health outcomes and reduced medical burdens. A comprehensive behavior change intervention, including identifying determinants of adherence to physical activity recommendations, intervention options, intervention content and implementation options, was imperative for enhancing physical activity adherence. The aim of the study is to develop an intervention to increase physical activity adherence among individuals with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: The study followed the eight steps of the Behavior Change Wheel guide, including defining the problem in behavioral terms (Step 1), selecting target behavior (Step 2), specifying target behavior (Step 3), identifying what needs to change (Step 4), identifying intervention functions (Step 5), identifying policy categories (Step 6), identifying behavior change techniques (Step 7), and determining model of delivery (Step 8). The semi-structured, in-depth interviews were employed to identify the determinants of adherence to physical activity among twenty-eight individuals with metabolic syndrome based on capability, opportunity, motivation and behavior model. Next, the intervention functions and policy categories were chosen to address these determinants. Finally, behavior change techniques were selected to assist in the delivery of the intervention functions and be translated into intervention content. RESULTS: Our study identified eighteen facilitators and fifteen barriers to physical activity adherence. It resulted in the selection of seven intervention functions and nineteen behavior change techniques for the intervention program. Then, the current study identified an app as the delivery mode. Finally, a behavioral change intervention was generated for individuals with metabolic syndrome to increase physical activity recommendation adherence. CONCLUSIONS: The Behavior Change Wheel provided a systematic approach to designing a behavior change intervention, which helped improve the health outcomes and reduce medical burdens and economic burdens among individuals with metabolic syndrome. The findings suggested that potential intervention should pay special attention to increasing knowledge in metabolic syndrome, imparting skills of physical activity, offering a supportive environment, and providing suggestions on regular physical activity using the appropriate behavior change techniques. A feasibility study will be undertaken to assess the acceptability and effectiveness of the intervention program in the future.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Adulto , Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Exercício Físico , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Motivação
4.
Blood ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126301

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) can drive tumorigenesis and are susceptible to therapeutic intervention. Here, we used a large-scale CRISPR interference viability screen to interrogate cell growth dependency to lncRNA genes in multiple myeloma (MM), and identified a prominent role for the miR-17-92 cluster host gene (MIR17HG). We show that a MIR17HG-derived lncRNA, named lnc-17-92, is the main mediator of cell growth dependency acting in a microRNA- and DROSHA- independent manner. Lnc-17-92 provides a chromatin scaffold for the functional interaction between c-MYC and WDR82, thus promoting the expression of ACACA, which encodes the rate-limiting enzyme of de novo lipogenesis acetyl-coA carboxylase 1 (ACC1). Targeting MIR17HG pre-RNA with clinically applicable antisense molecules disrupts the transcriptional and functional activities of lnc-17-92, causing potent anti-tumor effects both in vitro and in vivo in three pre-clinical animal models, including a clinically relevant PDX-NSG mouse model. This study establishes a novel oncogenic function of MIR17HG and provides potent inhibitors for translation to clinical trials.

5.
Food Chem ; 402: 134134, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126571

RESUMO

Azo pigments with azo functional groups (-NN-) are commonly used in foods. Through rational design, here we report synthesis of a novel magnetic metal-organic framework (MOF-545) and the use of Fe3O4@MOF-545 for the selective separation of azo pigments from beverages. We find that Fe3O4@MOF-545 exhibits excellent adsorption/removal capacities for new coccine (NC, 459 mg g-1) and lemon yellow (LY, 476 mg g-1) individually. The results indicated that the adsorption capacities of Fe3O4@MOF-545 were 5 times higher than reported previously. The large surface area (120.4 m2/g) and the suitable pore size (1.6 nm) of Fe3O4@MOF-545 provided multiple accessible channels for azo pigment adsorption. The adsorption kinetics, stability, recovery, and reusability of Fe3O4@MOF-545 were all reported. The recoveries ranged from 92.9 to 104.5%, reflecting the capacity of MOF-545 to efficiently separate NC and LY. Fe3O4@MOF-545 is suitable for azo pigment determination and separation in food matrices.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 1213278, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119926

RESUMO

Objective: This research aims to investigate and analyze the impact of alendronate sodium (ALN) plus elcatonin (EC) in treating postoperative bone pain (BP) in patients with osteoporotic fractures (OPFs). Methods: One hundred and thirty-eight cases of OPFs admitted between July 2018 and July 2021 were selected, of which 68 cases receiving ALN were set as the control group and 70 cases receiving ALN plus EC were set as the research group. Intercomparisons were performed in terms of BP, curative effect, complication rate, and serum bone metabolism indexes such as bone Gla protein (BGP), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP). Results: Better postoperative BP relief, higher overall response rate, and lower complication rate were identified in the research group versus the control group. On the other hand, the research group presented with increased BGP and BALP after treatment, higher than those in the control group, while the posttreament PTH decreased obviously and was lower versus the control group. Conclusions: For OPF patients, ALN plus EC contributes to significantly reduced postoperative BP, improved clinical efficacy, higher treatment safety, and better bone metabolism, which has high clinical application value.


Assuntos
Alendronato , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Fosfatase Alcalina , Calcitonina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Osteocalcina , Fraturas por Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônio Paratireóideo
7.
Langmuir ; 38(37): 11492-11501, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089744

RESUMO

(S)-2-((1-(Hexadecylamino)-4-(methylthio)-1-oxobutan-2-yl)carbamoyl)benzoic acid (HMTA) was efficiently synthesized and successfully applied as an additive to several types of blank lubricant oils. Initially, HMTA self-assembles to fibrous structures and traps blank lubricant oils to form gel lubricants. The prepared gel lubricants show thermo-reversible properties and enhanced lubricating performance by 3∼5-fold. X-ray photoelectron spectrometry of the metal surface and the quartz crystal microbalance illustrated that there are no obvious interactions between HMTA and the metal surface. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction further confirm that inter/intro-molecular H-bonding interactions are the main driving force for the self-healing of HMTA. Finally, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations show that the number of noncovalent H-bonding interactions fluctuates with time, and this highly dynamic H-bonding network could regulate the self-assembly process and result in the self-healing property of the HMTA organogel, which is consistent with the results of the step-strain tests. Especially, the Hirshfeld independent gradient model method at the quantum level demonstrated that C8/C9 aromatics of 500SN have strong π-π stacking interactions with the aromatic heads of HMTA and van der Waals interactions with the hydrophobic tails of HMTA, which disrupt the self-assembly behavior of the 500SN model. Therefore, the calculation studies offer a rational explanation for the superior lubricant property of the PAO10 gel as compared to that for 500SN.

8.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 988590, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117616

RESUMO

Visual perceptual learning (VPL) refers to the improvement in visual perceptual abilities through training and has potential implications for clinical populations. However, improvements in perceptual learning often require hundreds or thousands of trials over weeks to months to attain, limiting its practical application. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) could potentially facilitate perceptual learning, but the results are inconsistent thus far. Thus, this research investigated the effect of tDCS over the left human middle temporal complex (hMT+) on learning to discriminate visual motion direction. Twenty-seven participants were randomly assigned to the anodal, cathodal and sham tDCS groups. Before and after training, the thresholds of motion direction discrimination were assessed in one trained condition and three untrained conditions. Participants were trained over 5 consecutive days while receiving 4 × 1 ring high-definition tDCS (HD-tDCS) over the left hMT+. The results showed that the threshold of motion direction discrimination significantly decreased after training. However, no obvious differences in the indicators of perceptual learning, such as the magnitude of improvement, transfer indexes, and learning curves, were noted among the three groups. The current study did not provide evidence of a beneficial effect of tDCS on VPL. Further research should explore the impact of the learning task characteristics, number of training sessions and the sequence of stimulation.

9.
Eur Cytokine Netw ; 33(1): 13-24, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102857

RESUMO

Background: Asthma is an airway disease characterized by airflow limitation and various additional clinical manifestations. Repeated inflammatory stimulation of the airways leads to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) which aggravates subepithelial fibrosis during the process of airway remodelling and enhances resistance to corticosteroids and bronchodilators in refractory asthma. There is growing evidence that IL-27 modulates airway remodelling, however, the molecular mechanisms involving IL-27 and EMT are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of IL-27 on ovalbumin (OVA)-challenged asthmatic mice in vivo and TGF-ß1-induced EMT in 16HBE cells in vitro. Methods: Airway inflammation, mucus secretion, and collagen deposition were analysed by conventional pathological techniques. The ratio of Th17 and Th9 cells in the spleen of mice was measured using flow cytometry, ELISA was performed for cytokine analysis to identify EMT-related molecules and signalling pathways, and other molecular and cellular techniques were used to explore the functional mechanism involving IL-27 and EMT. Results: Airway inflammation in asthmatic mice was significantly alleviated by IL-27, with downregulation of RhoA and ROCK, upregulation of E-cadherin, and a decrease of vimentin and α-SMA expression, compared to asthmatic mice. Moreover, the frequency of Th17 and Th9 cells in the spleen of asthmatic mice decreased following treatment with IL-27. In TGF-ß1-induced 16HBE cells, the addition of IL-27 was shown to inhibit EMT, based on the expression of E-cadherin, vimentin, and α-SMA. Conclusion: Intranasal administration of IL-27 attenuates airway inflammation and EMT in a murine model of allergic asthma possibly by downregulating the RhoA/ROCK signalling pathway.


Assuntos
Asma , Interleucina-27 , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas , Animais , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Caderinas/metabolismo , Caderinas/farmacologia , Caderinas/uso terapêutico , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Vimentina/farmacologia , Vimentina/uso terapêutico
10.
Neurogastroenterol Motil ; : e14450, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of simo decoction (SMD) on the gastric motility of diabetic rats. METHODS: Diabetic rats were gavaged with various doses of SMD (0.15, 1.5, and 3.0 ml/kg/d) or saline, and their blood glucose levels and body weight were monitored. Gastric emptying and antral motility were assessed by phenol red retention and contractions of antral strips, respectively. The levels of substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and neurogenic nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the gastric antrum were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. RESULTS: Gastric emptying was delayed in diabetic rats (p < 0.01 vs. non-diabetic controls) but accelerated after SMD administration (p < 0.01). The contractions of antral strips were reduced in diabetic rats (p < 0.01 vs. non-diabetic controls) but improved after SMD intervention (p < 0.05). The mRNA expressions of SP, VIP, and nNOS in diabetic rats were downregulated compared with non-diabetic controls (all p < 0.01). Simo decoction treatment did not affect the expression of these factors in diabetic rats. The protein levels of SP, VIP, and nNOS in diabetic rats were decreased (p < 0.01), increased (p < 0.01), and comparable (p > 0.05), respectively, in comparison with non-diabetic controls. Simo decoction administration increased SP protein expression (p < 0.01) and decreased the levels of VIP (p < 0.01) and nNOS (p < 0.01) in diabetic rats. CONCLUSIONS: Simo decoction improved gastric dysmotility of diabetic rats possibly by upregulating SP and downregulating VIP and nNOS.

11.
Physiol Mol Biol Plants ; 28(7): 1347-1357, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051232

RESUMO

Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) is a member of Cucurbitaceae family and has long been used as a source of food and medicine for its rich bioactive components or secondary metabolites. However, there are relatively few large-scale detection, identification, and quantitative studies on flavonoids in the pericarp of bitter gourds of different colours. To determine the differences in the diversity and specificity of flavonoids in the pericarp of bitter gourd of different colours, the metabolic profiles in the pericarp of three coloured bitter gourd accessions, dark green (mo), pale green (lv), and white (bai), were analysed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Priorly, it was confirmed that the different shades of green were caused by the content of chlorophyll. A total of 93 metabolites, including 90 flavonoids and three tannins, were detected in the current study. These 90 flavonoids included three isoflavones, nine dihydroflavones, seven flavanols, 34 flavonols, 26 flavonoids, four chalcones, five flavonoid carbonosides, and two dihydroflavonols. Compared to mo, both lv and bai had 21 and 25 different metabolites, respectively, while there were only nine different metabolites between lv and bai. The relative contents of vitexin and isovitexin increased with the deeper colour of the bitter gourd. Thus, the different metabolites in coloured bitter gourds are mainly involved in the biosynthesis of flavonols, flavonoid carbonosides, and flavonoids. This study enables identification of metabolic differences in the pericarp of bitter gourds of different colours. The results will be helpful for quality breeding of new bitter gourd varieties and shall provide a reference for their medical application. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12298-022-01210-7.

12.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 984795, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051290

RESUMO

The fermentation of Qu (FQ) could efficiently produce enzymatically modified starch at a low cost. However, it is poorly understood that how FQ influences the waxy maize starch (WMS) structure and the digestion behavior. In this study, WMS was fermented by Qu at different time and starches were isolated at each time point, and its physico-chemical properties and structural parameters were determined. Results showed that the resistant starch (RS), amylose content (AC), the average particle size [D(4,3)] the ratio of peaks at 1,022/995 cm-1, and the onset temperature of gelatinization (T o ) were increased significantly after 36 h. Conversely, the crystallinity, the values of peak viscosity (PV), breakdown (BD), gelatinization enthalpy (ΔH), and the phase transition temperature range (ΔT) were declined significantly after 36 h. It is noteworthy that smaller starch granules were appeared at 36 h, with wrinkles on the surface, and the particle size distribution was also changed from one sharp peak to bimodal. We suggested that the formation of smaller rearranged starch granules was the main reason for the pronounced increase of RS during the FQ process.

13.
Front Oncol ; 12: 861206, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046040

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of the 131I-labeled high-affinity peptides Caerin 1.1 and Caerin 1.9 for the treatment of A549 human NSCLC cells. Methods: ① 3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and plate clone formation assays were performed to confirm the in vitro anti-tumor activity of Caerin 1.1 and Caerin 1.9. ② Chloramine-T was used to label Caerin 1.1 and Caerin 1.9 with 131I, and the Cell Counting Kit 8 assay was performed to analyze the inhibitory effect of unlabeled Caerin 1.1, unlabeled Caerin 1.9, 131I-labeled Caerin 1.1, and 131I-labeled Caerin 1.9 on the proliferation of NSCLC cells. An A549 NSCLC nude mouse model was established to investigate the in vivo anti-tumor activity of unlabeled Caerin 1.1, unlabeled Caerin 1.9, 131I-labeled Caerin 1.1, and 131I-labeled Caerin 1.9. Results: ① Caerin 1.1 and Caerin 1.9 inhibited the proliferation of NSCLC cells in vitro in a concentration-dependent manner. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration was 16.26 µg/ml and 17.46 µg/ml, respectively, with no significant intergroup difference (P>0.05). ② 131I-labeled Caerin 1.1 and 131I-labeled Caerin 1.9 were equally effective and were superior to their unlabeled versions in their ability to inhibit the proliferation and growth of NSCLC cells (P>0.05). Conclusions: 131I-labeled Caerin 1.1 and 131I-labeled Caerin 1.9 inhibit the proliferation and growth of NSCLC cells and may become potential treatments for NSCLC.

14.
Radiat Res ; 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048468

RESUMO

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a technology that uses radiofrequency thermal effect to induce coagulation necrosis of tumor tissue under the guidance of imaging. However, distant metastasis of tumor cells caused by tumor angiogenesis can lead to incomplete tumor clearing. In this study, LLC1 cell line was used for the construction of subcutaneous xenografts. Either 10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg Fosbretabulin disodium (FBTD) was intragastrically administered every 2 days for a week. RFA was performed at the end of medication. The proportion of T cells was examined by flow cytometry. Serum IgG and IgA levels of mice were examined by ELISA. Expression of certain genes was estimated by qRT-PCR assay. In this study, we demonstrated that FBTD was able to significantly enhance RFA-induced immune function in tumor-bearing mice by upregulating RFA-induced CD8+ killer T cells. Consistently, 10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg FBTD therapy upregulated the percentage of IFNγ+ and TNFα+ CD8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in tumor-bearing mice compared to the RFA alone or FBTD alone group. Mechanistically, we reported that FBTD inhibited the RFA-induced PD-1 and PD-L1 upregulation in vivo. In conclusion, we demonstrated that FBTD promoted the antitumor effects of RFA in lung tumor-bearing mice in this study.

15.
Cell Discov ; 8(1): 84, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068215

RESUMO

Cardiac fibrosis is associated with activation of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), a pathological, phenotypic transition that is widely believed to be irreversible in the late stages of disease development. Sensing of a stiffened mechanical environment through regulation of integrin-based adhesion plaques and activation of the Piezo1 mechanosensitive ion channel is known to factor into this transition. Here, using integrated in vitro and in silico models, we discovered a mutually reinforcing, mechanical positive feedback loop between integrin ß1 and Piezo1 activation that forms a bistable switch. The bistable switch is initiated by perturbations in matrix elastic modulus that amplify to trigger downstream signaling involving Ca2+ and YAP that, recursively, leads fibroblasts to further stiffen their environment. By simultaneously interfering with the newly identified mechanical positive feedback loop and modulating matrix elastic modulus, we reversed markers of phenotypical transition of CF, suggesting new therapeutic targets for fibrotic disease.

16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(7): 1901-1910, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052794

RESUMO

To determine the mitigating effects of exogenous melatonin on salt-alkali stress in cucumber, we mea-sured photosynthetic characteristics and osmoregulatory substance content of cucumber leaves under salt-alkali stress, using 'Xinchun 4' cucumber as the test material and a salt-alkali complex (NaCl:Na2SO4:Na2CO3:NaHCO3 = 1:9:1:9) to simulate stress. The results showed that compared with the normal seedlings, the exogenous application of 10 µmol·L-1 melatonin significantly increased the contents of chlorophyll, soluble sugar, and soluble protein, as well as net photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration rate, photosystem Ⅱ maximum photochemical efficiency, actual photochemical efficiency, apparent photosynthetic electron transfer rate, and photochemical burst coefficient of cucumber seedlings under 40 mmol·L-1 salt-alkali stress, but decreased intercellular CO2 concentration, non-photochemical burst coefficient, and sucrose, fructose, starch, and proline contents by 11.1%, 13.8%, 12.7%, 27.5%, 1.3% and 32.8%, respectively. Moreover, the activities of key enzymes for carbon assimilation (including ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and fructose-1,6-bisphosphate esterase) were significantly increased, whereas the mRNA expression levels of Rubisco subunits (CsrbcS and CsrbcL), CsFBA, CsRCA, CsFBPase and CsTK were downregulated. In conclusion, exogenous melatonin could increase the contents of chlorophyll and osmoregulatory substance, photosynthetic chemical efficiency, and key carbon assimilation enzyme activities of cucumber seedlings under salt-alkali stress, thereby enhance photosynthetic capacity and reduce the stress-induced plant damage. The results would provide theoretical basis for anti-saline plant cultivation.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus , Melatonina , Álcalis , Carbono/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Frutose/metabolismo , Frutose/farmacologia , Melatonina/farmacologia , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plântula , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia
17.
Eur J Dermatol ; 32(3): 394-400, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065536

RESUMO

Background: The burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in China is high. The safety and efficacy of secukinumab in psoriasis patients with HBV infection have not been fully elucidated. Objectives: To investigate the safety and efficacy of secukinumab in psoriasis patients with HBV infection in China. Materials & Methods: In this retrospective study, 20 psoriasis patients with HBV infection were identified, all of whom had been treated with secukinumab for ≥24 weeks Results: Four patients had chronic inactive HBV infection, two patients had occult HBV infection, and the other 14 patients had resolved HBV infection. The HBV-DNA load and HBV markers measured at baseline and Week 24 showed no viral reactivation. Nineteen patients showed normal levels of liver enzymes after 24 weeks of therapy. However, one patient with resolved HBV infection and fatty liver with elevated baseline liver enzymes experienced hepatitis, with negative HBV load at baseline and Week 24. All patients showed a significant improvement in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (−13.35 ± 7.41: p < 0.0001), per cent of body surface area (−17.11 ± 17: p = 0.0002), Investigator Global Assessment (−2.55 ± 0.94: p < 0.0001), and Dermatology Life Quality Index (−12.3 ± 7.39; p < 0.0001) Conclusion: Secukinumab showed good efficacy in psoriasis patients with HBV infection. Chronic, inactive, occult and resolved HBV infection may not increase the risk of hepatitis during secukinumab treatment. Patients with poor baseline liver function, without any intervention during secukinumab treatment, may experience hepatitis. Periodic monitoring with HBV markers, HBV-DNA load, and serological liver function tests is necessary during secukinumab treatment.


Assuntos
Hepatite A , Hepatite B Crônica , Psoríase , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , DNA Viral , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Psoríase/complicações , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Psychosom Res ; 162: 111032, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137488

RESUMO

AIMS: Epidemiological studies demonstrate an association between classes of obesity and psychiatric disorders, although little is known about shared genetics and causality of association. Thus, we aimed to investigate shared genetics and causal link between different classes of obesity and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We used genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary data range from 9725 to 500,199 sample sizes of European descent, conducted a large-scale genome-wide cross-trait association study to investigate genetic overlap between the classes of obesity and anorexia nervosa, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders and Tourette syndrome. We conducted transcriptome-wide association study analysis (TWAS) to identified variants regulated gene expression in those related disorders. Finally, pathway enrichment analysis to identified major pathways. RESULTS: In the combined analysis, we replicated 211 previously reported loci and discovered 58 novel independent loci that were associated with all three classes of obesity and related psychiatric disorders. Functional analysis revealed that the identified variants regulated gene expression in major tissues belonging to exocrine/endocrine, digestive, circulatory, adipose, digestive, respiratory, and nervous systems, such as DCC, NEGR1, INO80E. Mendelian randomization analyses suggested that there may be a two-way or one-way causal relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders. CONCLUSION: This large-scale genome-wide cross-trait analysis identified shared genetics and potential causal links between classes of obesity and psychiatric disorders (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, anorexia nervosa, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder). Such shared genetics suggests potential new biological functions in common among them.

19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5551, 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36138027

RESUMO

Although Ti3C2Tx MXene is a promising material for many applications such as catalysis, energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding due to its metallic conductivity and high processability, it's poor resistance to oxidation at high temperatures makes its application under harsh environments challenging. Here, we report an air-stable Ti3C2Tx based composite with extracted bentonite (EB) nanosheets. In this case, oxygen molecules are shown to be preferentially adsorbed on EB. The saturated adsorption of oxygen on EB further inhibits more oxygen molecules to be adsorbed on the surface of Ti3C2Tx due to the weakened p-d orbital hybridization between adsorbed O2 and Ti3C2Tx, which is induced by the Ti3C2Tx/EB interface coupling. As a result, the composite is capable of tolerating high annealing temperatures (above 400 °C for several hours) both in air or humid environment, indicating highly improved antioxidation properties in harsh condition. The above finding is shown to be independent on the termination ratio of Ti3C2Tx obtained through different synthesis routes. Utilized as terahertz shielding materials, the composite retains its shielding ability after high-temperature treatment even up to 600 °C, while pristine Ti3C2Tx is completely oxidized with no terahertz shielding ability. Joule heating and thermal cycling performance are also demonstrated.

20.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(11): 325, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125608

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to elucidate the basic biological properties and function of TC0668 in vitro. Laser confocal microscopy and immune-electron microscopy were used to detect localization of TC0668 in Chlamydia-infected human epithelial cells, while the expression phase was investigated by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. Protein array technology was employed to evaluate differences in cytokine secretion between cells infected with tc0668 single mutants and those infected with tc0668 null mutants. We found that TC0668 is restricted to the chlamydial inclusion. Translation and transcription of TC0668 were detected at 4 h and peaked at 16 h during the life cycle of Chlamydia in vitro. The cytokines produced by tc0668 single mutant infected cultures compared with tc0668 null mutant group indicated that 36 cytokines were downregulated, while 10 were up-regulated significantly. C. muridarum bearing a single tc0668 gene mutation have decreased urogenital pathogenicity that is explained by the effects of the mutation on the regulation of inflammation-related cytokine secretion.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia , Chlamydia muridarum , Chlamydia muridarum/fisiologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação , Mutação
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