Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.014
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432604

RESUMO

Storing energy in the form of triglyceride (TG) is one of the basic functions of adipose tissue. Large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BKCa channels) are expressed in adipose tissue and adipocyte-specific BKCa deficiency resists obesity in mice, but the role of BKCa channels in lipid deposition and the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. In the present study, we generated BKCa knockout (KO) rats and performed a transcriptome analysis of adipose tissue. We found that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway, which is important for lipid deposition, exhibited the most notable reduction among various signaling pathways in BKCa KO rats compared to wild-type rats. Insulin-induced TG deposition, glucose uptake, and Akt (Ser473) phosphorylation were significantly reduced in cultured adipocytes differentiated from adipose-derived stem cells of BKCa KO rats. Furthermore, we found that the insulin-induced increase of intracellular calcium resulting from extracellular calcium influx was significantly impaired in BKCa KO adipocytes. Finally, insulin activated BKCa currents through PI3K, which was independent of Akt and intracellular calcium. The results of this study suggested that BKCa channels participate in the insulin signaling pathway and promote TG deposition by increasing extracellular calcium influx in adipocytes.

2.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464700

RESUMO

This study aims to discover the role of Homocysteine-induced ER protein (Herp) deficiency in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). After 8 weeks of feeding with normal-fat diet (NFD) or HFD, WT (wild type) and Herp-/- mice were measured for the body weight, liver weight and serum biochemical parameters. HE, Oil Red O, and Sirius red stainings were used to evaluate the histopathological changes of liver tissues. QRT-PCR, Western blotting and Immunohistochemistry were employed to detect the mRNA and protein expression. TUNEL staining was used to observe the hepatocyte apoptosis. Herp knockout reduced the liver/body weight ratio of mice fed with HFD with the decreased serum levels of TG, TC, HDL, LDL, GGT, Hcy, ALT, and AST. Besides, WT mice fed with HFD presented obvious steatosis, inflammation and hepatocytes ballooning, which was relieved in Herp-/- mice. HFD-induce NFALD mice demonstrated increased Oil Red, Sirius red, and α-SMA staining than NFD-induced mice, but mice in the Herp-/- + HFD group was lower than the WT + HFD group. HFD-induce NFALD mice showed up-regulated expression of Grp78, Chop, and Atf4 in liver tissues when compared with NFD fed mice. However, regarding to the mice fed with HFD, Herp deficiency decrease in the expression of Grp78, Chop, and Atf4 in liver tissues with the reduced hepatocyte apoptosis. Herp was highly expressed in HFD-induced NAFLD mice. Herp knockout improved liver function and histopathological conditions with the decreased hepatocyte apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) of HFD-induce NFALD mice.

3.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466861

RESUMO

Intimate metabolic host-microbiome crosstalk regulates immune, metabolic, and neuronal response in health and disease, yet remains untapped for biomarkers or intervention for disease. Our recent study identified an altered microbiome in patients with pre-onset amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and dementia Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, we aimed to characterize the gut microbial metabolites among AD, aMCI, and healthy controls (HC). Here, a cohort of 77 individuals (22 aMCI, 27 AD, and 28 HC) was recruited. With the use of liquid-chromatography/gas chromatography mass spectrometry metabolomics profiling, we identified significant differences between AD and HC for tryptophan metabolites, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and lithocholic acid, the majority of which correlated with altered microbiota and cognitive impairment. Notably, tryptophan disorders presented in aMCI and SCFAs decreased progressively from aMCI to AD. Importantly, indole-3-pyruvic acid, a metabolite from tryptophan, was identified as a signature for discrimination and prediction of AD, and five SCFAs for pre-onset and progression of AD. This study showed fecal-based gut microbial signatures were associated with the presence and progression of AD, providing a potential target for microbiota or dietary intervention in AD prevention and support for the host-microbe crosstalk signals in AD pathophysiology.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(1): 20, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414469

RESUMO

Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2, also called NFE2L2) plays an important role in cancer chemoresistance. However, little is known about the role of Nrf2 in tumor mutation burden and the effect of Nrf2 in modulating DNA mismatch repair (MMR) gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here we show that Nrf2 expression is associated with tumor mutation burden in AML. Patients with Nrf2 overexpression had a higher frequency of gene mutation and drug resistance. Nrf2 overexpression protected the AML cells from apoptosis induced by cytarabine in vitro and increased the risk of drug resistance associated with a gene mutation in vivo. Furthermore, Nrf2 overexpression inhibited MutS Homolog 2 (MSH2) protein expression, which caused DNA MMR deficiency. Mechanistically, the inhibition of MSH2 by Nrf2 was in a ROS-independent manner. Further studies showed that an increased activation of JNK/c-Jun signaling in Nrf2 overexpression cells inhibited the expression of the MSH2 protein. Our findings provide evidence that high Nrf2 expression can induce gene instability-dependent drug resistance in AML. This study demonstrates the reason why the high Nrf2 expression leads to the increase of gene mutation frequency in AML, and provides a new strategy for clinical practice.

5.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 30: 1728-1743, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417545

RESUMO

Obtaining a high-quality frontal face image from a low-resolution (LR) non-frontal face image is primarily important for many facial analysis applications. However, mainstreams either focus on super-resolving near-frontal LR faces or frontalizing non-frontal high-resolution (HR) faces. It is desirable to perform both tasks seamlessly for daily-life unconstrained face images. In this paper, we present a novel Vivid Face Hallucination Generative Adversarial Network (VividGAN) for simultaneously super-resolving and frontalizing tiny non-frontal face images. VividGAN consists of coarse-level and fine-level Face Hallucination Networks (FHnet) and two discriminators, i.e., Coarse-D and Fine-D. The coarse-level FHnet generates a frontal coarse HR face and then the fine-level FHnet makes use of the facial component appearance prior, i.e., fine-grained facial components, to attain a frontal HR face image with authentic details. In the fine-level FHnet, we also design a facial component-aware module that adopts the facial geometry guidance as clues to accurately align and merge the frontal coarse HR face and prior information. Meanwhile, two-level discriminators are designed to capture both the global outline of a face image as well as detailed facial characteristics. The Coarse-D enforces the coarsely hallucinated faces to be upright and complete while the Fine-D focuses on the fine hallucinated ones for sharper details. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our VividGAN achieves photo-realistic frontal HR faces, reaching superior performance in downstream tasks, i.e., face recognition and expression classification, compared with other state-of-the-art methods.

6.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 50(7): 102053, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is produced in trophoblast cells during pregnancy. Whether there are sex-related growth differences of hCG concentrations in early pregnancy is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between hCG concentrations and fetal sex as early as 2 weeks after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: This study involved 6669 women ≤ 38 years of age. These 6669 patients all delivered singletons; 3531 had a male fetus and 3138 had a female fetus. The maternal serum hCG concentrations on Day 14 and Day 21 were determined using a Beckman DxI800 immunoassay system. RESULTS: Among the 6669 patients who delivered singletons, 3531 had a male fetus and 3138 had a female fetus. The hCG concentrations on day 14 of gestation were 516.12 (342.12-757.34) IU/L in the group of male fetuses and 552.69 (359.35-772.83) IU/L in group of female fetuses. The hCG concentration on day 21 was 8839.60 (5975.00-12615.00) IU/L in male fetuses and 9289.10 (6162.00-13146.00) IU/L in female fetuses. Maternal serum hCG levels were significantly higher in those with female fetuses than those with male fetuses. After adjusting for confounding factors, the hCG levels were significantly associated with fetal sex. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed pregnant women with female fetuses have significantly higher hCG levels than those bearing male fetuses.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(1): 54, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423045

RESUMO

GNA13, encoding one of the G protein alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins that transduce signals of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), is frequently mutated in germinal center B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (GCB-DLBCL) with poor prognostic outcomes. Due to the "undruggable" nature of GNA13, targeted therapy for these patients is not available. In this study, we found that palmitoylation of GNA13 not only regulates its plasma membrane localization, but also regulates GNA13's stability. It is essential for the tumor suppressor function of GNA13 in GCB-DLBCL cells. Interestingly, GNA13 negatively regulates BCL2 expression in GCB-DLBCL cells in a palmitoylation-dependent manner. Consistently, BCL2 inhibitors were found to be effective in killing GNA13-deficient GCB-DLBCL cells in a cell-based chemical screen. Furthermore, we demonstrate that inactivating GNA13 by targeting its palmitoylation enhanced the sensitivity of GCB-DLBCL to the BCL2 inhibitor. These studies indicate that the loss-of-function mutation of GNA13 is a biomarker for BCL2 inhibitor therapy of GCB-DLBCL and that GNA13 palmitoylation is a potential target for combination therapy with BCL2 inhibitors to treat GCB-DLBCL with wild-type GNA13.

8.
Int Urogynecol J ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471143

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study, a digital in vivo anatomical study based on patient-specific three-dimensional (3D) models reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) scans, was to clarify the anatomy of the presacral space and suggest a safe area for complication-free graft or mesh fixation. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 182 CT angiography (CTA) datasets from Han Chinese women examined for gynecological diseases from January 2018-June 2020; we used Mimics 21.0 to create 176 3D models of the female presacral space. The distances of pelvic structures from the presacral vessels and ureters were standardized and measured in 3D mode. RESULTS: The distances from the median sacral artery (MSA) to the bilateral great vessels and bilateral ureters at the sacral promontory (SP) level were similar to the respective distances from the midpoint of the SP (MSP) to those four structures (p > 0.05). At the level of the first transverse line, when the MSA was right of the midline, the MSA was 20.74 ± 3.86 mm from the medial edge of the left first anterior sacral foramen. When the MSA was left of the midline, its average distance from the medial edge of the right first anterior sacral foramen was 20.89 ± 4.92 mm. The SP was 9.71 ± 4.49 mm and 40.39 ± 6.74 mm, respectively, from the first and second sacral transverse veins along the midline. CONCLUSIONS: To preserve important vasculature, we recommend a 30 × 20-mm (L × W) avascular rectangular-shaped area, 10 mm below the SP and alongside the MSA, for safe graft or mesh attachment during sacrocolpopexy.

9.
Ann Phys Rehabil Med ; : 101485, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that chemotherapy results in substantial long-term risk of heart failure. Exercise ameliorates exercise responses and exercise tolerance in patients receiving chemotherapy. The cardioprotective effect of real-time exercise in breast cancer is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of real-time moderate-to-high-intensity exercise training in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy and to follow up on parameters of cardiac function and exercise capacity at different times. We hypothesized that early moderate-to-high-intensity exercise training has beneficial effects on cardiac function in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled study that included 32 women randomly allocated into the control or exercise group. Exercise began with the first cycle of chemotherapy, and the training program was maintained during chemotherapy with 2 to 3 sessions per week for 3 months. Patients were instructed to perform moderate-to-high-intensity training with aerobic and resistance training. Outcome measurements were echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test. The primary outcome was the change in left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF). The secondary outcome was peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2). RESULTS: The control group showed lower cardiac systolic function than the exercise group [mean (SD) LVEF 62% (2) and 70% (5), p < 0.05], reduced cardiac diastolic function, and cardiac hypertrophy at 3, 6 and 12 months after chemotherapy. At 6 months after chemotherapy, the exercise group exhibited relatively higher exercise capacity than controls [mean (SD) VO2 12.1 (2.2) and 13.6 (2.2) mL/kg/min, p < 0.05]. The main effect size of the study based on echocardiography outcomes was 0.25 (95% confidence interval 0.23 to 0.27), a medium effect size. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-to-high-intensity exercise training in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy may prevent impaired cardiac function.

10.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453428

RESUMO

Meningioma has the second highest incidence among primary intracranial tumors. There is no effective treatment or targeted therapy for meningioma except excision and radiotherapy. Sp1 (Specificity protein) is a transcription factor that regulates tumor growth, but the literature describing the relationship between Sp1 and meningioma is scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Sp1 protein expression and the clinico-pathological parameters in meningioma by immunohistochemical staining. We collected samples from 74 patients from 2008 to 2012 in Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, with staging and prognosis of the pathological section of the meningioma. Our results show that Sp1 protein expression was significantly associated with WHO grade, malignancy, and recurrence in patients with meningioma. High expression of Sp1 in patients with meningioma was linked to poor prognosis of recurrence-free time. Therefore, Sp1 may be a candidate biomarker of prognosis and therapy target in meningioma.

12.
Hum Reprod ; 36(1): 236-247, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306794

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Can whole genome sequencing (WGS) offer a relatively cost-effective approach for embryonic genome-wide haplotyping and preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) for monogenic disorders (PGT-M), aneuploidy (PGT-A) and structural rearrangements (PGT-SR)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reliable genome-wide haplotyping, PGT-M, PGT-A and PGT-SR could be performed by WGS with 10× depth of parental and 4× depth of embryonic sequencing data. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Reduced representation genome sequencing with a genome-wide next-generation sequencing haplarithmisis-based solution has been verified as a generic approach for automated haplotyping and comprehensive PGT. Several low-depth massively parallel sequencing (MPS)-based methods for haplotyping and comprehensive PGT have been developed. However, an additional family member, such as a sibling, or a proband, is required for PGT-M haplotyping using low-depth MPS methods. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: In this study, 10 families that had undergone traditional IVF-PGT and 53 embryos, including 13 embryos from two PGT-SR families and 40 embryos from eight PGT-M families, were included to evaluate a WGS-based method. There were 24 blastomeres and 29 blastocysts in total. All embryos were used for PGT-A. Karyomapping validated the WGS results. Clinical outcomes of the 10 families were evaluated. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: A blastomere or a few trophectoderm cells from the blastocyst were biopsied, and multiple displacement amplification (MDA) was performed. MDA DNA and bulk DNA of family members were used for library construction. Libraries were sequenced, and data analysis, including haplotype inheritance deduction for PGT-M and PGT-SR and read-count analysis for PGT-A, was performed using an in-house pipeline. Haplotyping with a proband and parent-only haplotyping without additional family members were performed to assess the WGS methodology. Concordance analysis between the WGS results and traditional PGT methods was performed. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: For the 40 PGT-M and 53 PGT-A embryos, 100% concordance between the WGS and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-array results was observed, regardless of whether additional family members or a proband was included for PGT-M haplotyping. For the 13 embryos from the two PGT-SR families, the embryonic balanced translocation was detected and 100% concordance between WGS and MicroSeq with PCR-seq was demonstrated. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The number of samples in this study was limited. In some cases, the reference embryo for PGT-M or PGT-SR parent-only haplotyping was not available owing to failed direct genotyping. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: WGS-based PGT-A, PGT-M and PGT-SR offered a comprehensive PGT approach for haplotyping without the requirement for additional family members. It provided an improved complementary method to PGT methodologies, such as low-depth MPS- and SNP array-based methods. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This research was supported by the research grant from the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFC0910201 and 2018YFC1004900), the Guangdong province science and technology project of China (2019B020226001), the Shenzhen Birth Defect Screening Project Lab (JZF No. [2016] 750) and the Shenzhen Municipal Government of China (JCYJ20170412152854656). This work was also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81771638, 81901495 and 81971344), the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFC1004901 and 2016YFC0905103), the Shanghai Sailing Program (18YF1424800), the Shanghai Municipal Commission of Science and Technology Program (15411964000) and the Shanghai 'Rising Stars of Medical Talent' Youth Development Program Clinical Laboratory Practitioners Program (201972). The authors declare no competing interests. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

13.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 163: 220-233, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359683

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an increasingly prevalent liver disease linked to obesity and associated complications. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress provokes dysfunction in lipid metabolism, which often leads to a progression of obesity-induced hepatic steatosis to NASH. However, the underlying mechanisms in which ER stress in adipose tissue induces hepatic pathology remain elusive. Here, we used male C57BL/6J mice to develop an animal model of NASH induced by a high fat (HFD) diet and methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diets. Using a gene-silencing approach with a recombinant lentiviral vector and extensive LC-MS/MS-based proteomics and lipidomics, we demonstrate that the ER stress-induced adipocyte-secreted exosome (ATEx) orchestrates lipid dynamics in the liver. We also noted that ATEx causes hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis that lead to NASH through initial accumulation of glycerol and triglycerides in hepatocytes. We also determined that aldo-keto-reductase 1B7 (Akr1b7), a key mediator in liver lipid metabolism, is involved in ATEx-mediated NASH induction. Of note, Akr1b7 deficiency in ER stress-induced ATEx strongly protected the murine liver against HFD and MCD-induced NASH. Our results indicated that ER stress-induced, adipocyte-secreted ATEx triggers NASH by delivering exosomal AKR1B7 to, and elevating glycerol level, in hepatocytes. These findings suggest potential therapeutic strategie that target ATEx to prevent or manage obesity-induced NASH.

14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 269: 113751, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359863

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Temporal lobe epilepsy remains one of the most drug-resistant focal epilepsy, leading to enormous healthcare burden. Among traditional herb medicine, some ingredients have the potential to treat seizure and alleviate the neuronal excitoxicity. The dried rhizome of Gastrodia elata Blume has been used to treat convulsive disorder, dizziness, dementia and migraine in eastern Asia. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine whether gastrodin, an active ingredient of Gastrodia elata Blume, can reduce lithium-pilocarpine induced seizure severity and neuronal excitotoxicity and explore the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We divided the Sprague-Dawley rats into an experimental group (gastrodin group) and a control group (Dimethyl sulfoxide, vehicle group) and performed the behavioral analysis and electroencephalography to determine the effect of gastrodin on the seizure severity induced by lithium-pilocarpine injection. Nissl-stained histopathology elucidated the degree of rat hippocampal neuronal damage as markers of acute and subacute neuronal excitotoxicity. Besides, the Western blotting of dissected hippocampus was carried out to demonstrate the protein expression involving GABAergic transmission and metabolic pathway. RESULTS: Gastrodin reduced the acute seizure severity in lithium-pilocarpine-induced seizure model. In electroencephalography recording, gastrodin exerted inhibitory action on epileptiform discharge. Compared with control group, gastrodin exhibited neuroprotective effect against seizure related hippocampal neuronal damage at acute and subacute stages. The Western blotting showed that gastrodin reversed the degradation of GABAA receptor after pilocarpine-induced seizures. CONCLUSIONS: In the experimental seizure model, gastrodin showed anti-seizure and neuroprotective abilities. Enhancing the expression of GABAA receptor plays an important role in its antiepileptic mechanism. The results offer a new insight of developing new antiepileptic drugs from traditional Chinese medicine.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 269: 116112, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272803

RESUMO

Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) is an important modulator of cellular responses against Cd in mammalian cells. However, whether such modulation is conserved in Marsupenaeus japonicas remains unknown.In our study, the shrimps were injected with dsRNA targeting Nrf2 at 4 µg g-1 body weight (b.w.) or sulforaphane (SFN) at 5 µg g-1 b.w., and then were exposed to 40 mg L-1 CdCl2 for 48 h. After Nrf2 knockdown, the Cd content increased, but decreased in the SFN group. This suggested that Nrf2 could promote Cd excretion. A terminal deoxynulceotidyl transferase nick-end-labeling (TUNEL) assay revealed that the Nrf2 knockdown increased the number of apoptotic cells in M. japonicas, while SFN decreased the number of apoptotic cells. After Nrf2 knockdown, the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (Sod) activity, and related gene expression decreased significantly, while the malondialdehyde (MDA) content increased remarkably. By contrast, SFN injection alleviated the oxidative stress, as evidenced by increased T-AOC, Sod activity, sod mRNA expression and a reduced MDA content. Similarly, detoxification related enzyme activities (ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase and glutathione-S-transferase (GST)) and their corresponding gene expressions (cyp3a (cytochrome P450 family 3 subfamily A) and gst) were suppressed in the ds-Nrf2 injection group, while they were elevated in the SFN group. In addition, ds-Nrf2 activated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, as evidenced the mRNA and protein levels of caspase-3, Bcl2 associated X protein (Bax), and p53, while SFN treatment suppressed them. These results displayed that in M. japonicus Cd-induced cellular oxidative damage probably acts via the Nrf2 pathway.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Animais , Antioxidantes , Apoptose , Cádmio/toxicidade , Malondialdeído , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
16.
Fertil Steril ; 115(1): 110-117, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the obstetric and neonatal outcomes after the transfer of vitrified-warmed single blastocysts developing from nonpronuclear (0PN) and monopronuclear (1PN) zygotes. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Affiliated hospital. PATIENT(S): This study was a retrospective analysis of 435 0PN and 281 1PN vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfers, and 151 0PN and 75 1PN singletons, compared with 13,167 two-pronuclear (2PN) vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfers and 4,559 2PN singletons, respectively. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy rate (PR), abortion rate (AR), live birth rate (LBR), and singleton birthweight were the primary outcome measures. RESULT(S): PR, AR, and LBR were similar when compared between the 0PN and 2PN groups after vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer. However, the 0PN group had a higher birthweights, higher z scores, and a greater proportion of very large for gestational age newborns. When comparing the 1PN and 2PN groups, we found that the PR was similar whereas the AR was higher and the LBR was lower. No differences were detected in the other neonatal outcomes. CONCLUSION(S): The results of the present study show that the transfer of 2PN blastocysts should be prioritized because of a higher AR and a lower LBR after 1PN blastocyst transfers and a higher birthweight after 0PN blastocyst transfers when compared with 2PN blastocyst transfers. Our data indicate the need for concern about the safety of 1PN and 0PN embryo transfers.

17.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 193(1): 281-295, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944797

RESUMO

In order to minimize waste liquor, save resources, and reduce costs, the effects of alkali recycling and ozone recycling on enzymatic conversion in alkali combined with ozone pretreatment of corn stover and the mechanism were studied. The results showed that as the number of cycles of alkali/ozone filtrate increased, the enzymatic conversion and the loss of reducing sugars showed a downward trend. It was indicated that the ability of alkali to damage lignocellulosic decreased with an increasing number of alkali circulation and the accumulation of lignin degradation products generated during ozonolysis inhibited enzymatic conversion. When the ozone filtrate was recovered and used for hydrolysis directly, the enzymatic conversion rates were basically the same compared with the first self-circulation of ozone filtrate, and no sewage was discharged. In conclusion, the optimal circulating pretreatment was four times alkali circulation and ozone filtrate was used as an enzymolysis liquid directly, and the conversion rates of cellulose and hemicellulose were 85.96% and 34.26%, respectively, saving 44% alkali consumption at the same time. This paper provided the theoretical basis for the development of lignocellulose pretreatment technology with low cost, high efficiency, and high conversion rate.

18.
Environ Int ; 146: 106231, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether exposure to airborne particulate matter less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) could impact human fecundity is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the potential impact of PM2.5 exposure on time to pregnancy (TTP) and the prevalence of infertility in the general Chinese population. METHOD: We collected reproductive information, sociodemographic characteristics, and lifestyle data of 10,211 couples at risk of pregnancy from a large-scale community-based fertility survey in China. Then, we estimated each participant's 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year average PM2.5 exposure levels based on remote sensing information. After adjusting for demographic, lifestyle, and environmental co-variables, discrete-time Cox regression models were used to estimate the fecundability odds ratio (FOR) per 10 µg/m3 change of PM2.5. We also estimated the odds ratio (OR) of infertility per 10 µg/m3 change of PM2.5, using logistic regression models. FINDINGS: Among the 10,211 couples, 6,875 (67%) had conceived spontaneously, with a median TTP of 5 months (interquartile range: 2-10 months). The median PM2.5 exposure was 56.8 µg/m3, with a wide range of 9.2-93.5 µg/m3. In Cox regression models, each increase of 10 µg/m3 in the 1-year average PM2.5 exposure was associated with a significant decrease in fecundity by 11% (FOR: 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.86-0.92). In logistic regression models, it was also associated with an 20% increased likelihood of infertility (OR: 1.20; 95% CI: 1.13-1.27). CONCLUSION: PM2.5 exposure was associated with reduced human fecundity, presented by a longer TTP and higher odds of infertility, which might explain the increased infertility rates in areas with heavy PM2.5 pollution.

20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 268: 113658, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307056

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cholestasis caused by bile secretion and excretion disorders is a serious manifestation of liver disease. With limited treatment methods, it affects millions of people worldwide. Huangqi decoction (HQD), an effective traditional Chinese medicine, is used to treat chronic cholestatic liver diseases. However, the action mechanisms of it were not fully elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aim to investigate the therapeutic effect of HQD, and its active component, astragalosides, against α-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced cholestasis in rats based on targeted metabolomics analysis and revel the potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The therapeutic effect of HQD and astragalosides on ANIT-induced cholestasis model rats were evaluated by serum biochemical analysis. Liver damage was identified by histopathology. The levels of bile acids (BAs) and free fatty acids (FFAs) in serum and liver tissues were measured by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-TQMS). qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis were used to measure the expression of nuclear hormone receptor, membrane receptor and BA transporter protein in cholestatic rats before and after HQD and astragalosides treatment. RESULTS: The obtained data showed that the administration of ANIT caused obvious cholestasis with significantly increased intrahepatic retention of hydrophobic BAs and altered FFAs, which were consistent with the liver histopathological and serum biochemical findings. HQD and astragalosides treatment were able to attenuate ANIT-induced BAs and FFAs perturbation, ameliorate the impaired liver function, histopathological ductular reaction, and lipid peroxidation damage by ANIT. Elevated mRNA and protein expression of transporters related to BA metabolism and genes related to lipogenesis and lipid oxidation metabolism in cholestasis were attenuated or normalized by HQD and astragalosides treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Intervention by ANIT can significantly change the homeostasis of BAs and FFAs. HQD and astragalosides exerted a hepatoprotective effect against cholestatic liver injury by restoring the altered BA and FFA metabolism through the improvement of BA transporter, nucleus hormone receptor, and membrane receptor.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA