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1.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 7, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954401

RESUMO

In the original publication of this article [1] we noticed the Fig. 4 was incorrect. The correct Fig. 4 is as below.

2.
Br J Radiol ; : 20190558, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To build and validate a computed tomography (CT) radiomic model for preoperatively predicting lymph node metastasis in early cervical carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A dataset of 150 patients with stage IB1 to IIA2 cervical carcinoma was retrospectively collected from the xx and separated into a training cohort (n = 104) and test cohort (n = 46). A total of 348 radiomic features were extracted from the delay phase of CT images. Mann-Whitney U test, recursive feature elimination, and backward elimination were used to select key radiomic features. Ridge logistics regression was used to build a radiomic model for prediction of lymph node metastasis (LNM) status by combining radiomic and clinical features. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and κ test were applied to verify the model. RESULTS: Two radiomic features from delay Phase CT images and one clinical feature were associated with LNM status: log-sigma-2-0 mm-3D_glcm_Idn (p = 0.01937), wavelet-HL_firstorder_Median (p = 0.03592), and stage IB (p = 0.03608). Radiomic model was built consisting of the three features, and the AUCs were 0.80 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.70 ~ 0.90) and 0.75 (95%CI: 0.53 ~ 0.93) in training and test cohorts, respectively. The κ coefficient was 0.84, showing excellent consistency. CONCLUSIONS: A noninvasive radiomic model, combining two radiomic features and a FIGO stage, was built for prediction of LNM status in early cervical carcinoma. This model could serve as a preoperative tool. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: A noninvasive CT radiomic model, combining two radiomic features and the FIGO stage, was built for prediction of LNM status in early cervical carcinoma.

3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 25, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the clinical outcomes of patients with recurrent patellar dislocation who underwent arthroscopic medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction using gracilis tendon autograft and a modified double-patellar tunnel method. We hypothesized that our modified method would provide good clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent arthroscopic MPFL reconstruction with autograft gracilis tendon and modified double-patellar tunnels technique for recurrent patellar dislocation and were followed up for a minimum of 5 years were identified, and the clinical and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperatively, joint hypermobility was assessed with the Beighton score. The Insall-Salvati ratio, TT-TG distance, and Q angle were measured on radiographic images. Patient-reported outcomes including the Kujala, Lysholm, and Tegner scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively. Patient satisfaction was assessed at the end of 5 years. Complications and recurrent dislocation occurring after surgery were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 79 patients (94 knees) were enrolled; of these, 13 (16.5%) were lost to follow-up. The data of 66 patients (80 knees) were available for final analysis. Mean age at surgery was 21.3 ± 7.8 years. Mean follow-up time was 66.1 ± 5.5 months (range, 60-78 months). Postoperative patient-reported outcome was not associated with Beighton score, Insall-Salvati ratio, or TT-TG distance. Q angle was negatively correlated to Kujala scores and Lysholm scores. Severity of trochlear dysplasia was not associated with postoperative patient-reported outcome. The mean Kujala score increased from 69.4 ± 7.9 to 96.1 ± 1.9, the mean Tegner score increased from 3.1 ± 1.3 to 5.9 ± 1.3, and the mean Lysholm score increased from 73.5 ± 14.6 to 95.3 ± 3.4. Two patients experienced recurrent patellar dislocation during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: MPFL reconstruction using autologous gracilis tendon under arthroscopy appears to be a reliable and safe method for treating recurrent patellar dislocation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.

4.
Food Chem ; 312: 125903, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901700

RESUMO

Coloring is an important external quality of jujube fruit (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.), however during long-term storage, its commercial value degrades as the peel color and lustre significantly fade. Here, the gene expression and metabolite concentration were profiled in the fruit peel of jujube harvested at three ripening periods to elucidate the color formation mechanism. A strong accumulation of malvidin 3-O-glucoside and delphinidin 3-O-glucoside correlated with the reddening of jujube peel. At the onset of the fruit ripening, strong activities of the genes in the early steps of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway were observed. During the last ripening periods, three UDP-glucose flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UFGT) involved in the accumulation of anthocyanins were significantly increased and their proper manipulation could delay the peel reddening. This study sheds light on the metabolic pathways and candidate genes underlying the peel coloration in jujube and lays a foundation for the improvement of jujube fruit appeal during long-term storage.

5.
J Proteome Res ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917576

RESUMO

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a systemic, chronic, and inflammatory rheumatic disease that affects 0.2% of the population. Current diagnostic criteria for disease activity rely on subjective Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index scores. Here, we aimed to discover a panel of serum protein biomarkers. First, tandem mass tag (TMT)-based quantitative proteomics was applied to identify differential proteins between 15 pooled active AS and 60 pooled healthy subjects. Second, cohort 1 of 328 humans, including 138 active AS and 190 healthy subjects from two independent centers, was used for biomarker discovery and validation. Finally, biomarker panels were applied to differentiate among active AS, stable AS, and healthy subjects from cohort 2, which enrolled 28 patients with stable AS, 26 with active AS, and 28 healthy subjects. From the proteomics study, a total of 762 proteins were identified and 46 proteins were up-regulated and 59 proteins were down-regulated in active AS patients compared to those in healthy persons. Among them, C-reactive protein (CRP), complement factor H-related protein 3 (CFHR3), α-1-acid glycoprotein 2 (ORM2), serum amyloid A1 (SAA1), fibrinogen γ (FG-γ), and fibrinogen ß (FG-ß) were the most significantly up-regulated inflammation-related proteins and S100A8, fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5), and thrombospondin 1 (THBS1) were the most significantly down-regulated inflammation-related proteins. From the cohort 1 study, the best panel for the diagnosis of active AS vs healthy subjects is the combination of CRP and SAA1. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was nearly 0.900, the sensitivity was 0.970%, and the specificity was 0.805% at a 95% confidence interval from 0.811 to 0.977. Using 0.387 as the cutoff value, the predictive values reached 92.00% in the internal validation set (62 with active AS vs 114 healthy subjects) and 97.50% in the external validation phase (40 with active AS vs 40 healthy subjects). From the cohort 2 study, a panel of CRP and SAA1 can differentiate well among active AS, stable AS, and healthy subjects. For active AS vs stable AS, the area under the ROC curve was 0.951, the sensitivity was 96.43%, the specificity was 88.46% at a 95% confidence interval from 0.891 to 1, and the coincidence rate was 92.30%. For stable AS vs healthy humans, the area under the ROC curve was 0.908, the sensitivity was 89.29%, the specificity was 78.57% at a 95% confidence interval from 0.836 to 0.980, and the coincidence rate was 83.93%. For active AS vs healthy subjects, the predictive value was 94.44%. The results indicated that the CRP and SAA1 combination can potentially diagnose disease status, especially for active or stable AS, which will be conducive to treatment recommendation for patients with AS.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 28, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyroptosis belongs to a novel inflammatory programmed cell death pathway, with the possible prognosis of endometrial cancer related to the terminal protein GSDMD. Hydrogen exerts a biphasic effect on cancer by promoting tumor cell death and protecting normal cells, which might initiate GSDMD pathway-mediated pyroptosis. METHODS: We performed immunohistochemical staining and western immunoblotting analysis to observe expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, and GSDMD in human and xenograft mice endometrial cancer tissue and cell lines. We investigated treatment with hydrogen could boost ROS accumulation in endometrial cancer cells by intracellular and mitochondrial sources. GSDMD shRNA lentivirus was used to transfect endometrial cancer cells to investigate the function of GSDMD protein in pyroptosis. Propidium iodide (PI) staining, TUNEL assay, measurement of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and IL-1ß ELISA were used to analysis pyroptosis between hydrogen-supplemented or normal culture medium. We conducted in vivo human endometrial tumor xenograft mice model to observe anti-tumor effect in hydrogen supplementation. RESULTS: We observed overexpression of NLRP3, caspase-1, and GSDMD in human endometrial cancer and cell lines by IHC and western immunoblotting. Hydrogen pretreatment upregulated ROS and the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins, and increased the number of PI- and TUNEL-positive cells, as well as the release of LDH and IL-1ß, however, GSDMD depletion reduced their release. We further demonstrated that hydrogen supplementation in mice was sufficient for the anti-tumor effect to inhibit xenograft volume and weight of endometrial tumors, as mice subjected to hydrogen-rich water displayed decreased radiance. Tumor tissue sections in the HRW groups presented moderate-to-strong positive expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD. Hydrogen attenuated tumor volume and weight in a xenograft mouse model though the pyroptotic pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This study extended our original analysis of the ability of hydrogen to stimulate NLRP3 inflammasome/GSDMD activation in pyroptosis and revealed possible mechanism (s) for improvement of anti-tumor effects in the clinical management of endometrial cancer.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(2)2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936301

RESUMO

Oxaliplatin (OXAL) is regarded as a platinum-based anti-neoplastic agent. However, its perturbations on membrane ionic currents in neurons and neuroendocrine or endocrine cells are largely unclear, though peripheral neuropathy has been noted during its long-term administration. In this study, we investigated how the presence of OXAL and other related compounds can interact with two types of inward currents; namely, hyperpolarization-activated cation current (Ih) and membrane electroporation-induced current (IMEP). OXAL increased the amplitude or activation rate constant of Ih in a concentration-dependent manner with effective EC50 or KD values of 3.2 or 6.4 µM, respectively, in pituitary GH3 cells. The stimulation by this agent of Ih could be attenuated by subsequent addition of ivabradine, protopine, or dexmedetomidine. Cell exposure to OXAL (3 µM) resulted in an approximately 11 mV rightward shift in Ih activation along the voltage axis with minimal changes in the gating charge of the curve. The exposure to OXAL also effected an elevation in area of the voltage-dependent hysteresis elicited by long-lasting triangular ramp. Additionally, its application resulted in an increase in the amplitude of IMEP elicited by large hyperpolarization in GH3 cells with an EC50 value of 1.3 µM. However, in the continued presence of OXAL, further addition of ivabradine, protopine, or dexmedetomidine always resulted in failure to attenuate the OXAL-induced increase of IMEP amplitude effectively. Averaged current-voltage relation of membrane electroporation-induced current (IMEP) was altered in the presence of OXAL. In pituitary R1220 cells, OXAL-stimulated Ih remained effective. In Rolf B1.T olfactory sensory neurons, this agent was also observed to increase IMEP in a concentration-dependent manner. In light of the findings from this study, OXAL-mediated increases of Ih and IMEP may coincide and then synergistically act to increase the amplitude of inward currents, raising the membrane excitability of electrically excitable cells, if similar in vivo findings occur.

8.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e1, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910921

RESUMO

Chlamydia spp. are a group of obligate intracellular pathogens causing a number of diseases in animals and humans. Avian chlamydiosis (AC), caused by Chlamydia psittaci (C. psittaci) as well as new emerging C. avium, C. gallinacea and C. ibidis, have been described in nearly 500 avian species worldwidely. The Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon) is a world endangered avian species with limited population and vulnerable for various infections. To get a better understanding of the prevalence of Chlamydia spp. in the endangered Crested Ibis, faecal samples were collected and analysed. The results confirmed that 20.20% (20/99) of the faecal samples were positive for Chlamydiaceae and were identified as C. ibidis with co-existence of C. psittaci in one of the 20 positive samples. In addition, ompA sequence of C. psittaci obtained in this study was classified into the provisional genotype Matt116, while that of C. ibidis showed high genetic diversity, sharing only 77% identity with C. ibidis reference strain 10-1398/6. We report for the first time the presence of C. ibidis and C. psittaci in the Crested Ibis, which may indicate a potential threat to the endangered birds and should be aware of the future protection practice.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 435, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949256

RESUMO

The aphid Schlechtendalia chinensis(Bell) induces horned galls on their primary host Rhus chinensis(Mill). These galls serve as closed habitats to support thousands of aphids per gall. Ecological parameters inside a gall are unknown. In this study, we showed that the microclimate inside galls was reltively stable, with nearly 100% humidity and 30-50 lux light regardless of outside environmental conditions. Gall-residing aphids produce waste gas and honeydew. A gall contained 26 organic volatiles inside with acetic acid as the largest component. Honeydew is rich in sugars and may provide nutrients for microbial growth. However, no evidence for pathogenic microorganisms was found inside a gall. The acidic environment in a gall may curb microbial growth. On the secondary host, the moss Plagiomnium maximoviczii (Lindb.) T. J. Kop., the microclimate is unstable and humidity fluctuated at 45~100%, while light ranged from 150 to 500 lux on different environmental conditions. Aphid alternated in two different habitats, the gall generation increased from a single fundatrix to thousands of aphids, however, survival rate of the moss generation is less 3%. A comparison of the environmental traits between gall and moss revealed that a stable habitat with dark and moist is advantageous for aphid reproduction.

10.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898364

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the expression and function of bladder cancer (BC) long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) using a high-throughput platform. High-throughput sequencing was used to compare the expression profiles of lncRNA in BC and adjacent normal tissues. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), in situ hybridization, gene ontology, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis were performed to verify differential expression of lncRNA. The effect of lncRNA overexpression on cellular proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion was analyzed following the transfection of lncRNA overexpressing lentivirus into 5637 and T24 cell lines. The overexpressing cells were subcutaneously injected into nude mice to evaluate their effects on tumor growth. Tumor-associated RNA-binding proteins of lncRNA were analyzed by RNA pull-down combined with mass spectrometry. A total of 93 lncRNA genes were upregulated and 352 lncRNA genes were downregulated in the tissues of patients with BC. Of which, we investigated the function of downregulated lnc-MUC20-9. Overexpression of lnc-MUC20-9 in 5637 and T24 cells resulted in decreased tumor cell viability and cell clones, decreased migration and invasion, and increased apoptosis. Similarly, nude mice bearing lnc-MUC20-9 overexpressing tumor cells exhibited smaller tumor size and volume than that of mice bearing control cells. Mass spectrometry analysis showed that lnc-MUC20-9 binds to ROCK1, an oncogene whose expression was decreased in lnc-MUC20-9 overexpressing cells. The study revealed that lnc-MUC20-9 has the function of inhibiting tumor growth, migration, and invasion. In BC cells, lnc-MUC20-9 binds to ROCK1 and may be involved in lnc-MUC20-9-mediated tumor suppressor function, which might be potential therapeutic targets for BC.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903515

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare chromosomal aberrations and aneuploidy features in (i) blastocysts following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and trophectoderm (TE) biopsy using preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) and (ii) early spontaneous abortion chorionic villus biopsies (SA-CVB) using single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array detection. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data for 1014 TEs from 220 PGS cycles and 1724 SA-CVBs originating from naturally pregnant couples and patients undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) during 2017 to 2018. SNP array was applied in both PGS and SA-CVBs detection. Aberrations were defined, and the frequency and ratio of each chromosome aberration were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: There were more abnormalities in TEs in the form of complex chromosome aneuploidies and monosomies, while SA-CVBs had more trisomies, sex chromosome abnormalities, and polyploidies. In both groups, chromosomal aneuploidies (including monosomies and trisomies) were confined to chromosomes 14, 15, 16, 18, 21, and 22, but showed varying distributions across the groups. Aneuploidy of chromosome 22 was most frequent in TEs, whereas that of chromosome 16 predominated in SA-CVBs. Among the sex chromosome abnormalities, X monosomies were significantly more prevalent in SA-CVBs. CONCLUSIONS: Chromosomal aberrations and aneuploidy manifested specific characteristics that differed between TEs and SA-CVBs, which indicates that distinct chromosomal abnormalities can affect certain developmental stages of embryos. Further analysis is needed to explore the chromosomal mechanisms affecting embryo development and implantation. Such information will help clinical assessments in prenatal diagnosis and reduce the incidence of genetically abnormal fetuses.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961644

RESUMO

As a parent compound of Li-rich electrodes, Li2MnO3 exhibits high capacity during the initial charge, however, suffers notoriously low Coulombic efficiency due to oxygen and surface activities. Here, we successfully optimize the oxygen activities towards reversible oxygen redox reactions by intentionally introducing protons into lithium octahedral vacancies in Li2MnO3 system with its original structural integrity maintained. Combining structural probes, theoretical calculations and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering results, a moderate coupling between the introduced protons and lattice oxygen at the oxidized state is revealed, which stabilizes the oxygen activities during charging. Such a coupling leads to an unprecedented initial Coulombic efficiency (99.2%) with a greatly improved discharge capacity of 302 mAh g-1 in the protonated Li2MnO3 electrodes. These findings directly demonstrate an effective concept for controlling oxygen activities in Li-rich systems, which is critical for developing high-energy cathodes in batteries.

13.
J Proteomics ; 213: 103614, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846764

RESUMO

Lysine methylation is a widespread protein post-translational modification showing essentialities in versatile cellular process. EZH2, a methyltransferase specifically trimethylates the lysine 27 of histone H3 and its aberrance in several cancers promotes the development of its inhibitors against hematological tumors. In this study, we presented a deep exploration of lysine mono-, di- and trimethylomes in EZH2 wild-type and Y641 mutant lymphoma cell lines. Our results showed that several substrates were modified in different methylation levels. Moreover, these methylated lysine residues could also undergo other types of PTMs. Combined with the differences proved in protein expression, lysine acetylation, lysine ubiquitylation and protein N-termianl acetylation level, our study underlined the substrate specificity of lysine methylation and its crosstalk with other types of PTMs. Totally, our study raised new insights into the global cellular methylation features in hematological cell lines, which provided further inspects into the distribution and function of lysine methylation. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study showed the global landscape of mono-, di- and trimethylomes in the EZH2-aberrant DLBCL cell lines, revealing the molecular characteristics of lysine methylation. Combined with the protein abundance and potential crosstalk among different types of PTMs, our study raised new insights into the global cellular methylation features in hematological tumors and provided further inspects into the distribution and function of lysine methylation.

14.
J Mass Spectrom ; 55(1): e4441, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840882

RESUMO

Column heating strategy is often applied in nano-high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer (nanoHPLC-MS) platform for enhancing the analytical efficiency of peptides or proteins. Nonetheless, the influence effects of column heating in peptides or proteins identification still lack of deep understanding. In this study, a systematic comparison of room temperature (RT) and column heating of nanoHPLC was done. Based on the data, under column heating condition, the backpressure of nanoHPLC can be decreased. Due to the increase of resolution, the peak widths of precursor ion were narrowed. As a result, in MS/MS data acquisition part, more time was spared for MS1 detecting and MS2 fragmenting, which eventually resulted in increased identification of peptides and proteins. Moreover, we also proposed the application scope of column heating by evaluating its influence on sample detection. On one hand, column heating significantly increased the identification of membrane proteins due to more efficient elution of highly hydrophobic peptides compared with RT. On the other hand, heating was not suitable for analyzing short or/and hydrophilic peptides with low retention time, which would be eluted out during sample loading process under high temperature and missed by mass spectrometric detection. In conclusion, our study provides a reference for rational application of column heating in proteomics research.

15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(1): 168-175, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850758

RESUMO

Naringin is a polymethoxylated flavonoid commonly found in citrus species and has therapeutic potential in intestinal disorders. However, the effect and mechanism of naringin on gut-vascular barrier disruption has not yet been reported. This study aimed to investigate the distinguishing and selectively protective effects of naringin on tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced gut-vascular barrier disruption and elucidate the potential mechanism. In the present study, an in vitro gut-vascular barrier model composed of rat intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (RIMVECs) was studied. Evans blue-albumin efflux assay showed that naringin (50 µM) evidently protected the integrity of RIMVEC monolayer barriers against TNF-α-induced disruption. Naringin maintained the expression and distribution of tight junction proteins including zona occludin-1, occludin, claudin-1, and claudin-2. Additionally, naringin protected RIMVECs from TNF-α-induced apoptosis and cell migration suppression (41.1 ± 2.2 vs 51.1 ± 3.5%; 61.0 ± 5.1 vs 72.2 ± 6.2%). Our results indicate that naringin effectively ameliorates gut-vascular barrier disruption.

16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(2): 148-153, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, which is critically involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of skin diseases. The aim of this study was to detect AhR and its downstream regulators including cytochrome P450 (CYP1A1), AhR nuclear translocation (ARNT), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AhRR) in serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and skin lesions in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: Twenty-nine AD patients defined according to the criteria of Hanifin and Rajka and Chinese criteria of AD were included. Subjects without allergic and chronic diseases were recruited as controls. Patients and controls were selected from the dermatology outpatient clinic of Peking University People's Hospital from August 1 to December 31 in 2018. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to detect serum AhR level. The mRNA of AhR, AhRR, ARNT, and CYP1A1 in PBMCs were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. AhR expression in skin lesions was measured by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: AhR was significantly higher expressed in serum (41.26 ±â€Š4.52 vs. 33.73 ±â€Š2.49 pmol/L, t = 6.507, P < 0.001) and skin lesions (0.191 ±â€Š0.041 vs. 0.087 ±â€Š0.017, t = 10.036, P < 0.001) of AD patients compared with those of controls. The mRNA levels of AhR (1.572 ±â€Š0.392 vs. 1.000 ±â€Š0.173, t = 6.819, P < 0.001), AhRR (2.402 ±â€Š1.716 vs. 1.000 ±â€Š0.788, t = 3.722, P < 0.001), CYP1A1 (2.258 ±â€Š1.598 vs. 1.000 ±â€Š0.796, t = 3.400, P = 0.002) in PBMCs of AD patients were higher compared with those of controls. The difference in mRNA levels of ARNT was not statistically significant between the patients and controls (1.383 ±â€Š0.842 vs. 1.000 ±â€Š0.586, t = 1.653, P = 0.105). AhR mRNA levels in PBMCs positively correlated with eczema area and severity index score and serum interleukin-6 levels. CONCLUSION: AhR and its downstream regulators were highly expressed in serum, PBMCs, and skin of AD patients, which might contribute to the pathogenesis of AD.

17.
J Chem Phys ; 151(21): 214704, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822092

RESUMO

Under the oxidizing condition, the cheap metal component of bimetallic catalysts often segregates to the surface and forms oxide nanoclusters (NCs) supported on the metal surface, which exhibit unique structures and catalytic properties drastically different from the corresponding bulk materials. Here, density functional theory calculations are employed to describe the atomic and electronic structures of a series of triangular FeOx NCs confined on Pt(111) with the size ranging from ∼0.3 nm to ∼2.2 nm, which behave differently from the FeO film reported previously. The lattice of supported FeOx NCs on Pt(111) is found to vary not only with the NC size but also with the Fe/O ratio or the edge termination. Owing to a strong FeOx-Pt interaction, the heterogeneous distribution of local atomic and electronic structures of Fe across the FeOx NC is observed, though most of Fe atoms are positioned at the threefold hollow site of Pt(111). Our study not only sheds light on the catalytically active sites of supported FeOx NCs but also provides guidance for the design of highly active and stable oxide nanocatalysts under reactive environment.

19.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 202: 111717, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785447

RESUMO

A sensitive dual mode chemosensor NS-1 comprising Nitrobenzoxadiazole and salicylhydrazide conjugate has been synthesized via single step reaction. The probe NS-1 is characterized by analytical techniques such as multi nuclear NMR techniques and Mass spectrometry. The probe is showing a strong change in color from yellow to red on treatment of Cd(II) ions, interestingly its shows bright "Switch-ON" fluorescence state upon binding of Cd2+ ions in buffer solution whereas other cations did not showed any color change as well as fluorescent change. Interestingly the probe NS-1 did not results in the any color and fluorescence change with the adding together of Zn(II) ions, hence the probe is able to differentiate between Cd(II) ions from Zn(II). Further the color change and turn-on fluorescence can be rationalized by the interruption of internal charge transfer upon binding of Cd(II) ions with NS-1. The Internal charge transfer disturbance led to fluorescence change of the receptor NS-1 upon addition of Cd2+ has been further supported by TD-DFT calculations. The limit of detection was found to be 6.31 nano molar. The association constant was found to be 7.97*104 M-1 using Benesi-Hildebrand plot method. MTT assay suggesting that the probe NS-1 is least toxic to cells and it will be widely applicable to image Cd(II) ions in living cells via fluorescence imaging.

20.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810277

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the effect of applying stimulatory agents to liquid cultured Inonotus obliquus on the simultaneous accumulation of exo-polysaccharides (EPS) and their monosaccharide composition. Different stimulatory agents (VB6, VB1, betulin and birch extract) were investigated for their effects on active exo-polysaccharides by submerged fermentation of I. obliquus. The mycelial biomass, reducing sugar content, EPS yield and α-glucosidase inhibition rate were determined, and the EPS obtained was analyzed for monosaccharide composition. The results showed that the addition of all the four stimulatory agents could significantly increase the inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase of EPS than the control, whereas EPS from 4 µg/mL VB1-containing medium had the best effect with an estimated IC50 value 24.34 µg/mL. Among the four stimulatory agents, VB6 gave maximum production of mycelial biomass and EPS at the concentration of 4 µg/mL with a increase of 50.79% and 114.46%, respectively. In addition, betulin had a significant effect on increasing the EPS yield and activity, and birch extract had a significantly stimulatory effect on the mycelial growth and the polysaccharides activity, only slightly worse than VB6 and VB1. Moreover, the addition of different stimulatory agents changed the monosaccharide composition of polysaccharides, which had a correlation with polysaccharide activity.

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