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1.
Appl Opt ; 58(30): 8290-8294, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674501

RESUMO

This study proposes a new method for the preparation of novel MXenes/metal composites with unique chemical properties using reducing agent action. The effect of the reduction reaction time on the preparation conditions of ${{\rm Ti}_3}{{\rm C}_2}{{\rm T}_x}/{\rm Au}$Ti3C2Tx/Au nanocomposites is studied, and the contribution of the prepared nanocomposites to the surface Raman reinforcement is analyzed. This study further explores the application of MXene in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy.

2.
Anxiety Stress Coping ; : 1-8, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771350

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder are commonly experienced mental disorders among psychological trauma victims. Few studies have investigated the genetic basis for population heterogeneity of trauma-related psychopathology, including PTSD and depression. This study examined the main and interaction effects of the OXTR rs53576 genotype in distinguishing four subgroups identified by symptom profiles of PTSD and depression symptoms using latent profile analysis.Design: A cross-sectional design with a gene-environment interaction approach was adopted in the current study.Methods: This study was a secondary data analysis conducted on a sample of 1196 adult earthquake survivors. Participants completed assessments of earthquake exposure, PTSD symptoms, and depression symptoms. The rs53576 polymorphism of OXTR was genotyped using a custom-by-design 2×48-Plex SNPscanTMKit.Results: Multinomial logistic regression analyses revealed the main effects of the rs53576 genotype on symptom profiles. Specifically, G allele carriers were more likely in the combined PTSD-depression group than in the low symptom, predominantly depression, and predominantly PTSD groups. No significant interaction effects between this genotype and earthquake exposure on symptom profiles were found.Conclusions: Our findings support a genetic basis for trauma-related psychopathology heterogeneity. Furthermore, results provide preliminary evidence for the role of OXTR in PTSD/depression comorbidity.

3.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773963

RESUMO

A NH4I-catalyzed cross-dehydrogenative coupling (CDC) reaction of ethers with imidazopyridines cascade cyclization under transition-metal-free conditions has been developed. Cheap, commercially available ethers were used as both reagents and solvents, and green aqueous H2O2 was used as oxidizing agent. A series of substituents on the 2-(2-aminoaryl) imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines were tolerated and the reaction gave quinoline-fused imidazopyridines in moderate to good yields.

4.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 244: 76-80, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the cervical length evaluated by Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) point C minus D (C-D; ECL) and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based cervical length (MCL). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of patients with POP II-IV who underwent MRI. The ECL was calculated based on the absolute value of C-D according to POP-Q. The MCL was defined as the distance between the internal and external cervical os on MRI. Intraobserver reliability using the Bland-Altman method. Continuous variables were compared by paired 2-tailed t-tests. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyse the factors influencing differences between the ECL and MCL. RESULTS: Among 105 eligible patients, 89 patients were eventually included in the study. The Bland-Altman scatter plots show that the intraobserver reliability of MCL was excellent. Furthermore, the mean ECL was significantly longer than the mean MCL (48.15 mm ±â€¯27.46 vs. 28.25 mm ±â€¯10.27, P = 0.000).Body mass index, parity, menopausal status or total vaginal length did not affect the difference between ECL and MCL. However, The larger the point Ba, the larger the difference between the ECL and MCL. The larger the point Bp, the smaller the difference between the ECL and MCL. CONCLUSION: In general, POP-Q C-D was longer than the cervical length measured by MRI. Deep analysis found that when uterine prolapse is combined with larger anterior vaginal wall prolapse, the difference between ECL and MCL is greater; when uterine prolapse with larger posterior vaginal wall prolapse, the difference between ECL and MCL is smaller.

5.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e1237, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical significance and correlation of microRNA-21 (miR-21) and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: The observation group contained 184 patients, while the control group contained 150 patients. The expression of miR-21 in the serum of each group was detected by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: A total of 184 patients and their family members were followed-up for 30 days, among which 35 patients died and 149 patients survived, resulting in a survival rate of 80.97%. According to univariate analysis, there were significant differences in age, cardiac troponin (cTn), heart rate, Killip grade, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) operation rate, miR-21 and NLR. In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) values of miR-21 and NLR for the diagnosis of AMI were 0.909 and 0.868, respectively, and the area under the combined detection curve was 0.960. In the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the survival of patients with high miR-21 expression and NLR was significantly higher than that of patients with low miR-21 expression and NLR (p=0.027; p=0.001). The correlation showed that miR-21 expression in serum was positively correlated with the NLR in the observation group (r=0.528, p<0.05). cTn, heart rate, Killip classification, PCI operation rate, miR-21, NLR are independent risk factors for AMI. CONCLUSION: miR-21 and NLR play a role in the diagnosis of AMI and can be used as predictors for the survival of AMI.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5231, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745074

RESUMO

The grand challenge in the development of atomically dispersed metallic catalysts is their low metal-atom loading density, uncontrollable localization and ambiguous interactions with supports, posing difficulty in maximizing their catalytic performance. Here, we achieve an interface catalyst consisting of atomic cobalt array covalently bound to distorted 1T MoS2 nanosheets (SA Co-D 1T MoS2). The phase of MoS2 transforming from 2H to D-1T, induced by strain from lattice mismatch and formation of Co-S covalent bond between Co and MoS2 during the assembly, is found to be essential to form the highly active single-atom array catalyst. SA Co-D 1T MoS2 achieves Pt-like activity toward HER and high long-term stability. Active-site blocking experiment together with density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the superior catalytic behaviour is associated with an ensemble effect via the synergy of Co adatom and S of the D-1T MoS2 support by tuning hydrogen binding mode at the interface.

7.
Microbiologyopen ; : e966, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743595

RESUMO

A novel piezophilic alphaproteobacterium, strain D4M1T , was isolated from deep seawater of the Mariana Trench. 16S rRNA gene analysis showed that strain D4M1T was most closely related to Oceanicella actignis PRQ-67T (94.2%), Oceanibium sediminis O448T (94.2%), and Thioclava electrotropha ElOx9T (94.1%). Phylogenetic analyses based on both 16S rRNA gene and genome sequences showed that strain D4M1T formed an independent monophyletic branch paralleled with the genus Oceanicella in the family Rhodobacteraceae. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic short rods, and grew optimally at 37°C, pH 6.5, and 3.0% (w/v) NaCl. Strain D4M1T was piezophilic with the optimum pressure of 10 MPa. The principal fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c and C16:0 , major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10, and predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and an unidentified aminophospholipid. The complete genome contained 5,468,583-bp with a G + C content of 70.2 mol% and contained 4,855 protein-coding genes and 78 RNA genes. Genomic analysis revealed abundant clues on bacterial high-pressure adaptation and piezophilic lifestyle. The combined evidence shows that strain D4M1T represents a novel species of a novel genus in the family Rhodobacteraceae, for which the name Paraoceanicella profunda gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain D4M1T  = MCCC 1K03820T  = KCTC 72285T ).

8.
IUBMB Life ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743955

RESUMO

The expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is closely associated with cancer development and progression, making these lncRNAs potentially novel therapeutic targets. In this study, we aimed to explore the potential function of lncRNA-uc061hsf.1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The expression of lncRNA-uc061hsf.1 in ESCC tissues and cell lines was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis were detected via CCK-8, flow cytometry, and Transwell assays. The interaction between p53 and lncRNA uc061hsf.1 was analyzed using luciferase reporter gene and qRT-PCR. Through this approach, we identified the novel lncRNA uc061hsf.1, which was expressed in low level in ESCC and was correlated with lymph node metastasis and poor differentiation in ESCC patients. Knockdown or overexpression of lncRNA uc061hsf.1 in ESCC cells promoted or inhibited cell proliferation and metastasis, respectively. Mechanistically, lncRNA uc061hsf.1 was induced by p53, and luciferase reporter gene confirmed that lncRNA uc061hsf.1 was a direct transcriptional target of p53. We further found that uc061hsf.1 was able to regulate expression of the transcription factor FoxA1, thereby potentially influencing tumor cell migration. In conclusion, these results suggest that p53-regulated lncRNA uc061hsf.1 is a cancer suppressor gene which is associated with tumor progression in ESCC.

9.
Viruses ; 11(11)2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744152

RESUMO

Chicken gout resulting from nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis virus (NIBV) has become a serious kidney disease problem in chicken worldwide with alterations of the metabolic phenotypes in multiple metabolic pathways. To investigate the mechanisms in chicken responding to NIBV infection, we examined the global transcriptomic and metabolomic profiles of the chicken's kidney using RNA-seq and GC-TOF/MS, respectively. Furthermore, we analyzed the alterations in cecal microorganism composition in chickens using 16S rRNA-seq. Integrated analysis of these three phenotypic datasets further managed to create correlations between the altered kidney transcriptomes and metabolome, and between kidney metabolome and gut microbiome. We found that 2868 genes and 160 metabolites were deferentially expressed or accumulated in the kidney during NIBV infection processes. These genes and metabolites were linked to NIBV-infection related processes, including immune response, signal transduction, peroxisome, purine, and amino acid metabolism. In addition, the comprehensive correlations between the kidney metabolome and cecal microbial community showed contributions of gut microbiota in the progression of NIBV-infection. Taken together, our research comprehensively describes the host responses during NIBV infection and provides new clues for further dissection of specific gene functions, metabolite affections, and the role of gut microbiota during chicken gout.

10.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746394

RESUMO

Depression is often triggered by prolonged exposure to psychosocial stressors and associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the pathogenesis of various emotional and cardiovascular disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Kai­Xin­San (KXS), which may terminate the signaling of MMPs, exerts antidepressant­like and cardioprotective effects in a myocardial infarction (MI) plus depression rat model. Rats were randomly assigned to five groups: A normal control (control group), a celisc­injection of isopropyl adrenaline group (ISO group), depression (depression group), an ISO + depression (depression + ISO group), and an ISO + depression group treated with intragastric administration of 1,785 mg/kg KXS (KXS group). Behavioral changes, echocardiography, biochemical index, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and apoptosis­related proteins were assessed. Compared with the depression + ISO group, KXS significantly improved stress­induced alterations of behavioral parameters and protected the heart by enlarging the left ventricular (LV) fractional shortening (FS) and LV ejection fraction (EF). Moreover, KXS significantly attenuated ISO + depression­induced MMP­2 and MMP­9 expression at the mRNA and protein level and decreased TIMP in the heart compared to the complex model group. Myocardial apoptosis was significantly attenuated by KXS by regulating the Bcl­2/Bax axis. These results indicated that MI comorbid with depression may damage the MMP balance in the central and peripheral system, and KXS may have a direct anti­depressive and cardio­protective effect by regulating the level of MMPs and associated myocardial apoptosis. It is promising to further explore the clinical potential of KXS for the therapy or prevention of MI plus depression comorbidity disease.

11.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714018

RESUMO

H7 subtype avian influenza virus infection is an emerging zoonosis in some Asian countries and an important avian disease worldwide. A rapid and simple test is needed to confirm infection in suspected cases during disease outbreaks. In this study, we developed a reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification assay for the detection of H7 subtype avian influenza virus. Assays were performed at a single temperature (39°C) and the results were obtained within 20 min. The assay showed no cross-detection with Newcastle disease virus or infectious bronchitis virus, which are the other main respiratory viruses affecting birds. The analytical sensitivity was 102 RNA copies per reaction at a 95% probability level according to probit regression analysis, with 100% specificity. Compared with published reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays, the κ value of the reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification assay in 342 avian clinical samples was 0.988 (p < .001). The sensitivity for avian clinical sample detection was 100% (95%CI, 90.40%-100%) and the specificity was 99.96% (95%CI, 97.83%-99.98%). These results indicated that our reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification assay may be a valuable tool for detecting avian influenza H7 subtype virus.

12.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702097

RESUMO

The widely used Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 (SpCas9) requires NGG as a protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) for genome editing. Although SpCas9 is a powerful genome-editing tool, it was limited in using on the targetable genomic locus lacking of NGG PAM. The SpCas9 variants xCas9 and Cas9-NG have been developed to recognize NG, GAA and GAT PAMs in human cells. Here, we show thatxCas9 cannot recognize NG PAMs in tomato, andCas9-NG can recognize some of our tested NG PAMs in the tomato and Arabidopsis genomes. In addition, weengineered SpCas9 (XNG-Cas9) based on mutations from both xCas9 and Cas9-NG, and found that XNG-Cas9 can efficiently mutagenize endogenous target sites with NG, GAG, GAA and GATPAMs in the tomato or Arabidopsis genomes. The PAM compatibility of XNG-Cas9 is the broadest reported to date among Cas9s (SpCas9 and Cas9-NG) active in plant. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 26(Pt 6): 1911-1916, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721733

RESUMO

Elliptical polarized undulators (EPUs) are broadly used in the soft X-ray energy range. They have the advantage of providing photons with both varied energy and polarization through adjustments to the value of the gap and/or shift magnet arrays in an undulator. Yet these adjustments may create a disturbance on the stability of the electron beam in a storage ring. To correct such a disturbance, it is necessary to establish a feed-forward table of key nodes in the gap-shift-defined two-dimensional parameter space. Such a table can only be scanned during machine-study time. For a free-walking mode, whereby an undulator is allowed to manoeuvre in the whole gap-shift space, all the key nodes need to be scanned at the expense of a large amount of machine-study time. This will greatly delay the employment of a full-polarization capable undulator (especially circularly polarized). By analyzing data-collecting patterns of user experiments, this paper defines a reduced set of key nodes in gap-shift parameter space, with the number of key nodes to be scanned for feed-forwarding scaled down to one-third of the original; and introduces a new walking mode for EPUs: confined-walking mode, whereby the undulator is manoeuvred only within the reduced set of key nodes. Such a mode is firstly realized on the EPUs at the DREAMLINE beamline at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). Under confined-walking mode, the undulator movements are stable and there is no obvious disturbance to the electron beam with the feed-forward system in operation. Successful experiments have been carried out using the circularly polarized light obtained via the new walking mode. This mode is expected to be applied to future EPUs at SSRF with the increasing requirements for various polarization modes.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 48(46): 17321-17330, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723948

RESUMO

Surface modification of carbon materials is an important issue for its potential application. In this work, this purpose has been successfully achieved by the incorporation of polydopamine (PDA) and phosphomolybdic acid (PMA), forming carbon/PDA/PMA hybrid electrode materials, in which PDA acts both as a linker molecule and as a pseudo-capacitance provider, and PMA contributes to pseudo-capacitive performance. It is revealed that adding PDA and/or PMA results in a decrease of porosity but in an increase of electrical conductivity and thus a suitable combination of porosity, conductivity, and pseudo-capacitance is vital for achieving the optimization of capacitive performance. By using the Trasatti method, we found out that increasing PDA or PMA results in the improvement of pseudo-capacitance proportion and the C-PDA/PMA-1 : 1 sample exhibits a pseudo-capacitance proportion of 32%. In a two-electrode configuration, the C-PDA/PMA-1 : 1 sample delivers a specific capacitance of 101 F g-1 at 1 A g-1, a cycling performance of 108% within 10 000 cycles, and an energy density of 3.5 W h kg-1 (nearly 3.2 times that of the C-blank sample) at 500 W kg-1. Moreover, the dual surface modification of PDA and PMA could be extended to other energy storage systems, highly improving capacitive performance by the synergic effect.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766728

RESUMO

With rapid economic development and urbanization, a large number of primary resources are consumed and accumulate in society as recyclable resource, which causes great pressure on the environment. The development of the resource recycling industry (RRI) can reduce environmental impacts and achieve sustainable development and green growth. Scholars are paying more attention to the resource recycling industry (RRI), and the related literature continues to increase. There are over 7041 publications covering RRI in the Web of Science database from 1996 to 2018. This paper analyzes the time distribution characteristics of the literature and the status of the scientific research cooperation network using the visualization analysis software CiteSpace. The number of documents increased from 94 in 1996 to a peak of 963 in 2018. There is no relatively stable core author group. The number of papers published by "Chinese Acad Sci" ranks first among all research institutions. Document co-citation analysis and burst detection are adopted to assess the status and emerging trends in the RRI research domain. A publication by M.C. Monte on waste management is the most cited paper. Additionally, "green and sustainable and technology" and "science and technology-other topics" are the latest emerging subject categories in RRI research. Furthermore, "e-waste", "reverse logistics" and "lean manufacturing" are emerging research trends for RRI, and "carbon emissions", "policy", "demolition waste", "supply chain management" and "compressive strength" have become hot topics. These findings may provide inspiration for scholars to search for new research directions and ideas.

16.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 386, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical variables may correlate with lack of response to treatment (primary resistance) or clinical benefit in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) treated with anti-programmed death 1/ligand one antibodies. METHODS: In this multi-institutional collaboration, clinical characteristics of patients with primary resistance (defined as progression on initial computed tomography scan) were compared to patients with clinical benefit using Two sample t-test and Chi-square test (or Fisher's Exact test). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the distribution of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in all patients and the subsets of patients with clinical benefit or primary resistance. Cox's regression model was used to evaluate the correlation between survival endpoints and variables of interest. To explore clinical factors in a larger, independent patient sample, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) was analyzed. RNAseq gene expression data as well as demographic and clinical information were downloaded for primary tumors of 517 patients included within TCGA-ccRCC. RESULTS: Of 90 patients, 38 (42.2%) had primary resistance and 52 (57.8%) had clinical benefit. Compared with the cohort of patients with initial benefit, primary resistance was more likely to occur in patients with worse ECOG performance status (p = 0.03), earlier stage at diagnosis (p = 0.04), had no prior nephrectomy (p = 0.04) and no immune-related adverse events (irAE) (p = 0.02). In patients with primary resistance, improved OS was significantly correlated with lower International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium risk score (p = 0.02) and lower neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (p = 0.04). In patients with clinical benefit, improved PFS was significantly associated with increased BMI (p = 0.007) and irAE occurrence (p = 0.02) while improved OS was significantly correlated with overweight BMI (BMI 25-30; p = 0.03) and no brain metastasis (p = 0.005). The cohort TCGA-ccRCC was examined for the correlations between gene expression patterns, clinical factors, and survival outcomes observing associations of T-cell inflammation and angiogenesis signatures with histologic grade, pathologic stage and OS. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical characteristics including performance status, BMI and occurrence of an irAE associate with outcomes in patients with ccRCC treated with immunotherapy. The inverse association of angiogenesis gene signature with ccRCC histologic grade highlight opportunities for adjuvant combination VEGFR2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor and immune-checkpoint inhibition.

17.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 385: 114815, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715267

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Obesity is often caused by the excess adipogenesis and regulated by long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs). We performed this study to investigate the influence of Meg3 expression on adipogenesis and also the Meg3/miR-217/Dkk3 axis-mediated molecular mechanism in adipogenesis and angiogenesis. METHODS: 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes were incubated with chemerin and transfected with Meg3-overexpressing (OE-Meg3) and Dkk3-overexpressing (OE-Dkk3) plasmids, siRNAs, and miR-217 mimics, inhibitor and scrambled sequences for 48 h or 72 h. The changes in cell proliferation, adipogenesis and angiogenesis ability in 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes was detected by using the corresponding assay. The expressions of related proteins were detected via western blot. RESULTS: Chemerin decreased miR-217 expression and increased Meg3 expression, meanwhile promoted the proliferation, adipogenesis and angiogenesis in 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes. Besides, OE-Meg3 exerted the synergistic effect on 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes when co-treated with chemerin. The target interactions between Meg3 and miR-217 as well as between miR-217 and Dkk3 were validated using dual-luciferase reporter system. SiMeg3 antagonized chemerin-induced changes, while the addition of miR-217 inhibitor attenuated siMeg3-induced changes in 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes. The proliferation, adipogenesis and angiogenesis in 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes were suppressed by miR-217 mimics, while promoted by the OE-Dkk3 Chemerin promoted the expression of fatty acid binding protein 4 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins, and decreased the expression of cyclin D1, c-Myc, and ß-catenin proteins. Meanwhile, these effects were further enhanced by OE-Meg3 or OE-Dkk3. However, the transfection of siMeg3, or miR-217 mimics, or siDkk3 reversed the previous changes. CONCLUSIONS: Meg3/miR-217/Dkk3 induced adipogenesis and angiogenesis in 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes via activating VEGF signaling pathway and inhibiting Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

18.
Free Radic Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762361

RESUMO

Some previous studies already explored associations between paraoxonase 1 (PON1) polymorphisms and cancer, with conflicting findings. Here, we aimed to better analyse the relationship between PON1 polymorphisms and cancer in a larger combined population by performing a meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for related articles. We calculated odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) to estimate whether there are genetic associations between PON1 polymorphisms and cancer. Forty studies were included for this meta-analysis. The PON1 rs854560 polymorphism (L55M) was found to be significantly associated with cancer in general population (dominant comparison: p = .04, OR = 0.85, 95%CI 0.73-0.99; recessive comparison: p = .007, OR = 1.27, 95%CI 1.07-1.51; allele comparison: p = 0.02, OR = 0.85, 95%CI 0.75-0.97). Subgroup analyses indicated that the significant findings were mainly driven by the haematological tumours and breast cancer subgroups. We did not observe any positive findings for PON1 rs662 polymorphism (Q192R) in combined analyses. In summary, this meta-analysis proved that PON1 rs854560 polymorphism could be used to identify individual with elevated susceptibility to cancer, especially for haematological tumours and breast cancer.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739015

RESUMO

L. japonica has been used as food and healthy beverage due to the good nutrition. Although the chemical compounds have been extensively studied, polysaccharide compositions remain unclear. In this study, water-soluble polysaccharides of L. japonica were fractionated into one neutral fraction (LJP-N) and four acidic fractions (LJP-A-1 ~ LJP-A-4) by a combination of ion-exchange and gel permeation chromatographies. The structures and antioxidant activities of these factions were determined by HPLC, FT-IR and the radical scavenging activities, anti-hemolysis inhibitory ability, protective effect against DNA damage. Results showed that LJP-N was a starch-like glucan with some arabinogalactan; acidic fractions were all pectic polysaccharide, with the average molecular weights approximately ranging from 19.0 to 383.8 kDa. LJP-A-2 ~ LJP-A-4 were similar to each other, mainly composed of GalA (>50%) with some Gal and Ara residues, while LJP-A-1 mainly composed of Gal and Ara (>70%). LJP-A-3 was defined as HG-type pectic polysacchride, with a trace of RG-I domain by NMR experiment. The antioxidant activity of LJP fractions showed different activities, and LJP-A-3 and LJP-A-4 exhibited noticeable antioxidant activities by six kinds of evaluated methods comparable with others. The results indicated that LJP-A-3 and LJP-A-4 could be used as a potential natural source of antioxidant.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17753, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689832

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) is a common clinical style in patients with coronary artery disease. Inflammation and immune injury in SCAD have been proven. Current interventions can relieve patients' symptoms, but none are stable to improve the immune damage significantly. Chinese herb is used to treat stable angina pectoris as an alternative therapy. Taoren Honghua Jian granule (THJG) is a classical formula from which patients can benefit, but lack convincing evidence. Therefore, we report a protocol of high-quality randomized controlled trial. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess the effect of THJG in relief of symptoms and blood immune indexes. A total of 80 patients with SCAD will be enrolled, and treated with THJG or placebo for 4 weeks. The primary outcome measurement is change of integral traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score from baseline to 4 weeks' treatment. The 2nd outcome measurements include change of integral TCM syndrome scores from baseline to 2 weeks' treatment and another 4 weeks' follow-up, inflammation indexes at baseline and 4 weeks' treatment. It also includes Seattle Angina Questionnaire, major adverse cardiovascular events, Athens Insomnia scale, and 36-item short form health survey score from baseline to 2 weeks' and 4 weeks' treatment, and another 4 weeks' follow-up. Adverse events will be evaluated throughout the trial. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial will prove whether THJG could alleviate symptoms, control inflammation, and improve quality of life in patients with SCAD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1900021772, registered 8 March, 2019.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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