Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.345
Filtrar
1.
Crit Care Med ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibiotics delivered via the respiratory tract in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov for studies published in English up to October 25, 2023. STUDY SELECTION: Adult patients with mechanical ventilation of over 48 h and receiving inhaled or instilled antibiotics (with control group) to prevent VAP were included. DATA EXTRACTION: Two independent groups screened studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach was used to assess the certainty/quality of the evidence. Results of a random-effects model were reported for overall and predefined subgroup meta-analyses. The analysis was primarily conducted on randomized controlled trials, and observational studies were used for sensitivity analyses. DATA SYNTHESIS: Seven RCTs with 1445 patients were included, of which six involving 1283 patients used nebulizers to deliver antibiotics. No obvious risk of bias was found among the included RCTs for the primary outcome. Compared with control group, prophylactic antibiotics delivery via the respiratory tract significantly reduced the risk of VAP (risk ratio [RR], 0.69 [95% CI, 0.53-0.89]), particularly in subgroups where aminoglycosides (RR, 0.67 [0.47-0.97]) or nebulization (RR, 0.64 [0.49-0.83]) were used as opposed to other antibiotics (ceftazidime and colistin) or intratracheal instillation. No significant differences were observed in mortality, mechanical ventilation duration, ICU and hospital length of stay, duration of systemic antibiotics, need for tracheostomy, and adverse events between the two groups. Results were confirmed in sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: In adult patients with mechanical ventilation for over 48 h, prophylactic antibiotics delivered via the respiratory tract reduced the risk of VAP, particularly for those treated with nebulized aminoglycosides.

2.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of the study was to explore the clinical efficacy of the novel snare assisted endoscopic resection of extraluminal growing gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (gastric GISTs) using external traction, and the secondary purpose was to compare the novel snare assisted endoscopic resection of extraluminal GISTs with the standard laparoscopic procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the patients who underwent novel external traction assisted endoscopic resection or laparoscopic resection for their extraluminal gastric GIST ≤5 cm in diameter. RESULTS: A total of 111 patients (27 in the endoscopic group and 84 in the laparoscopic group) were included in this study. There was no significant difference in tumor diameter and complication rate between the two groups. The overall procedure time was slightly higher in the endoscopic group compared to the laparoscopic group (P = 0.034). However, postoperative hospitalization time (P < 0.001) and postoperative fasting time (P = 0.005) were shorter in the endoscopic group compared to the laparoscopic group. CONCLUSION: Snare external traction-assisted endoscopic resection of extraluminal growing gastric GISTs is safe and effective, and it provides a new adjunctive method for endoscopic resection of GIST.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728533

RESUMO

Modulating the electronic structure of the electrocatalyst plays a vital role in boosting the electrocatalytic performance of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). In this work, we introduced a one-step solvothermal method to fabricate 1,1-ferrocene dicarboxylic acid (FcDA)-decorated self-evolved nickel sulfide (Ni3S2) nanosheet arrays on a nickel foam (NF) framework (denoted as FcDA-Ni3S2/NF). Benefiting from the interconnected ultrathin nanosheet architecture, ligand dopants induced and facilitated in situ structural reconstruction, and the FcDA-decorated Ni3S2 (FcDA-Ni3S2/NF) outperformed its singly doped and undoped counterparts in terms of OER activity. The optimized FcDA-Ni3S2/NF self-supported electrode presents a remarkably low overpotential of 268 mV to achieve a current density of 10 mA cm-2 for the OER and demonstrates robust electrochemical stability for 48 h in a 1.0 M KOH electrolyte. More importantly, in situ electrochemical Raman spectroscopy reveals the generation of catalytically active oxyhydroxide species (NiOOH) derived from the surface construction during the OER of pristine FcDA-Ni3S2/NF, contributing significantly to its superior electrocatalytic performance. This study concerns the modulation of electronic structure through ligand engineering and may provide profound insight into the design of cost-efficient OER electrocatalysts.

5.
Nat Rev Chem ; 8(5): 376-400, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693313

RESUMO

Electrification to reduce or eliminate greenhouse gas emissions is essential to mitigate climate change. However, a substantial portion of our manufacturing and transportation infrastructure will be difficult to electrify and/or will continue to use carbon as a key component, including areas in aviation, heavy-duty and marine transportation, and the chemical industry. In this Roadmap, we explore how multidisciplinary approaches will enable us to close the carbon cycle and create a circular economy by defossilizing these difficult-to-electrify areas and those that will continue to need carbon. We discuss two approaches for this: developing carbon alternatives and improving our ability to reuse carbon, enabled by separations. Furthermore, we posit that co-design and use-driven fundamental science are essential to reach aggressive greenhouse gas reduction targets.

6.
7.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1419163, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736887

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2024.1277720.].

8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Histological healing is closely associated with improved long-term clinical outcomes and lowered relapses in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Here, we developed a novel diagnostic criterion for assessing histological healing in UC patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in UC patients, whose treatment was iteratively optimized to achieve mucosal healing at Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University from January 2017 to May 2022. We identified an inflammatory cell enumeration index (ICEI) for assessing histological healing based on the proportions of eosinophils, CD177+ neutrophils, and CD40L+ T cells in the colonic lamina propria under high power field (HPF), and the outcomes (risks of symptomatic relapses) of achieving histological remission vs. persistent histological inflammation using Kaplan-Meier curves. Intrareader reliability and inter-reader reliability were evaluated by each reader. The relationships to the changes in the Nancy index and the Geboes score were also assessed for responsiveness. The ICEI was further validated in a new cohort of UC patients from other nine university hospitals. RESULTS: We developed an ICEI for clinical diagnosis of histological healing, i.e., Y = 1.701X1 + 0.758X2 + 1.347X3 - 7.745 (X1, X2, and X3 represent the proportions of CD177+ neutrophils, eosinophils, and CD40L+ T cells, respectively, in the colonic lamina propria under HPF). The receiver operating characteristics curve (ROC) analysis revealed that Y <-0.391 was the cutoff value for the diagnosis of histological healing and that an area under the curve (AUC) was 0.942 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.905-0.979) with a sensitivity of 92.5% and a specificity of 83.6% (P <0.001). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for the intrareader reliability was 0.855 (95% CI: 0.781-0.909), and ICEI had good inter-reader reliability of 0.832 (95% CI: 0.748-0.894). During an 18-month follow-up, patients with histological healing had a substantially better outcome compared with those with unachieved histological healing (P <0.001) using ICEI. During a 12-month follow-up from other nine hospitals, patients with histological healing also had a lower risk of relapse than patients with unachieved histological healing. CONCLUSIONS: ICEI can be used to predict histological healing and identify patients with a risk of relapse 12 months and 18 months after clinical therapy. Therefore, ICEI provides a promising, simplified approach to monitor histological healing and to predict the prognosis of UC. REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, No. ChiCTR2300077792.

9.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303201, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of herbal medicine and acupuncture combination for pediatric epilepsy treatment. METHODS: Databases were searched from their interception until October 2023 to identify randomized controlled trials focusing on the therapeutic efficacy of herbal medicine-acupuncture combination (intervention group) for pediatric epilepsy. The primary outcome was the risk of treatment failure, whereas the secondary outcomes included the risk of post-treatment electroencephalogram (EEG) abnormalities and adverse events. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on the type of herbal compound formulas. Meta-regression analysis was conducted to examine the influence of patient demographics and clinical history on the therapeutic efficacy of herbal medicine-acupuncture combination for pediatric epilepsy. To assess the cumulative evidence, trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed. RESULTS: The analysis included 10 trials involving a total of 882 pediatric patients. Meta-analysis revealed that the intervention group had a lower risk of treatment failure than the control group (risk ratio [RR] = 0.3, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.19-0.47, P<0.00001, I2 = 0%, 10 trials). Subgroup analyses showed that therapeutic efficacy was consistent among the different herbal compound formulas. Meta-regression analysis revealed that the efficacy of the treatments did not significantly vary with patient age, male sex, and duration of seizure history. TSA suggested that herbal medicine-acupuncture combination exerted a robust and conclusive effect on seizure treatment. Although the combined used of herbal medicine and acupuncture was not associated with a lower risk of post-treatment EEG abnormalities (RR = 0.82, 95%CI:0.6-1.11, P = 0.2, 3 trials), the risk of adverse events was reduced (RR = 0.27, 95%CI:0.18-0.41, P<0.00001, 4 trials). CONCLUSION: The meta-analysis suggested that combined use of herbal medicine and acupuncture is a promising and safe clinical approach for pediatric epilepsy treatment. Further large-scale studies are necessary to conclusively determine the efficacy and safety of herbal medicine and acupuncture in pediatric epilepsy treatment.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Epilepsia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Criança , Epilepsia/terapia , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Medicina Herbária/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar
10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3903, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724537

RESUMO

Tropical Cyclones (TCs) are devastating natural disasters. Analyzing four decades of global TC data, here we find that among all global TC-active basins, the South China Sea (SCS) stands out as particularly difficult ocean for TCs to intensify, despite favorable atmosphere and ocean conditions. Over the SCS, TC intensification rate and its probability for a rapid intensification (intensification by ≥ 15.4 m s-1 day-1) are only 1/2 and 1/3, respectively, of those for the rest of the world ocean. Originating from complex interplays between astronomic tides and the SCS topography, gigantic ocean internal tides interact with TC-generated oceanic near-inertial waves and induce a strong ocean cooling effect, suppressing the TC intensification. Inclusion of this interaction between internal tides and TC in operational weather prediction systems is expected to improve forecast of TC intensity in the SCS and in other regions where strong internal tides are present.

11.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1302253, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765835

RESUMO

To research the emotional interaction between customers and service staff, single-modal stimuli are being used to activate subjects' emotions while multimodal emotion stimuli with better efficiency are often neglected. This study aims to construct a multimodal emotion stimuli database (CCSIAS) with video records of real work status of 29 service staff and audio clips of interactions between customers and service staff by setting up wide-angle cameras and searching in company's Ocean Engine for 15 consecutive days. First, we developed a tool to assess the emotional statuses of customers and service staff in Study 1. Second, 40 Masters and PhD students were invited to assess the audio and video data to evaluate the emotional states of customers and service staff in Study 2, using the tools developed in Study 1. Third, 118 participants were recruited to test the results from Study 2 to ensure the stability of the derived data. The results showed that 139 sets of stable emotional audio & video data were constructed (26 sets were high, 59 sets were medium and 54 sets were low). The amount of emotional information is important for the effective activation of participants' emotional states, and the degree of emotional activation of video data is significantly higher than that of the audio data. Overall, it was shown that the study of emotional interaction phenomena requires a multimodal dataset. The CCSIAS (https://osf.io/muc86/) can extend the depth and breadth of emotional interaction research and can be applied to different emotional states between customers and service staff activation in the fields of organizational behavior and psychology.

12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132515, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768912

RESUMO

p62, also known as SQSTM1, has been shown to be closely related to the coronavirus. However, it remains unclear on the relationship between p62 and NIBV infection. Moreover, there are no available antibodies against the chicken p62 protein. Thus, this study aimed to prepare p62 polyclonal antibody and investigate the correlation between the p62 protein and NIBV infection. Here, PET-32a-p62 prokaryotic fusion expression vector was constructed for prokaryotic protein expression, and then p62 polyclonal antibody was prepared by immunizing rabbits. Lastly, these antibodies were then utilized in Western blotting (WB), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and immunofluorescence (IF) assays. The results showed that we successfully prepared chicken p62 polyclonal antibody. Meanwhile, WB and IF demonstrated that the expression of p62 showed a trend of first increase and then decrease after NIBV infection. IHC showed that the expression of p62 in the spleen, lung, kidney, bursa of Fabricius and trachea of chickens infected with NIBV in 11 dpi was significantly higher than that of normal chickens. Taken together, this study successfully prepared a polyclonal antibody for chicken p62 protein and confirmed its application and expression in chickens, as well as the expression of p62 in tissues after NIBV infection.

13.
Poult Sci ; 103(7): 103814, 2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718538

RESUMO

Yolk Peritonitis can lead to a rapid decline in egg production, which seriously affects the health of laying hens and the profitability of chicken farms. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common cause of yolk peritonitis in laying hens. In this study, bacterial samples were collected from the ovaries and fallopian tubes of laying hens with suspected yolk peritonitis from a laying farm in Jiangsu Province, and their pathogenicity and drug resistance were investigated. Initially, morphological and biochemical detection methods were employed to isolate and identify the pathogenic bacteria. The results showed that a total of 16 strains of E. coli were isolated from laying hens with yolk peritonitis. Subsequently, the drug resistance and pathogenicity of a randomly selected E. coli strain were analyzed and predicted by genome sequencing technology, and the drug resistance of E. coli was verified by drug sensitivity test and PCR. Finally, the virulence was verified by infection experiment in mice. The study revealed that the egg-yolk peritonitis in laying hens was caused by E. coli infection, and the genome sequencing analysis revealed that the bacteria had multidrug resistance and high virulence. The drug susceptibility testing indicates that E. coli exhibited resistance to aminoglycosides, ß-lactam, macrolides, fluoroquinolones, and sulfonamides. In this study, resistance genes including KdpE, aadA5, APH(3 ")-ID, APH(6)-ID, and TEM-1 were identified, and their expression levels varied across different stages of bacterial growth. The results of virulence analysis indicated a mortality rate of 50% in mice infected with E. coli at a concentration of 2.985 × 107 CFU/mL. E. coli infection resulted in damage to various tissues and organs in mice, with the intestinal tissue structure being the most severely affected. This study provides a reference for the study of drug resistance mechanisms in E. coli and provides valuable insights into the selection of drugs for the treatment of vitelline peritonitis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fertilization failure often occurs in conventional IVF cycles, and day 1 rescue ICSI is frequently recommended. In this study, the effect of rescue ICSI on obstetrical and neonatal outcomes after a single blastocyst transfer in vitrified-warmed cycles is evaluated. METHODS: This cohort study was a retrospective analysis of 703 vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfers and 219 singletons in the r-ICSI group compared with 11,611 vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfers in the IVF/ICSI and 4472 singletons in the IVF/ICSI group, respectively, and patients just undergoing their first IVF treatments were included in this study. Pregnancy rate (PR), live birth rate (LBR), and singleton birthweight were the primary outcome measures. Multiple linear regression analysis and logistic regression analysis were performed to evaluate the possible relationship between obstetrical and neonatal outcomes and fertilization method (including IVF, ICSI, and r-ICSI) after adjusting for other potential confounding factors. RESULTS: PR and the LBR were lower in the r-ICSI group compared with the IVF/ ICSI group. Singletons from the r-ICSI group had a higher Z-score and the proportion of large for gestational age (LGA) newborns was greater compared with singletons from the IVF/ICSI group. CONCLUSION: The results of the study indicated that a 31% LBR after r-ICSI is acceptable for vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer, but the safety of transfer is a concern because of the lower PR and LBR compared with IVF/ICSI. The safety of r-ICSI newborns is also a concern because of the significantly higher birthweight and the proportion of LGA in r-ICSI group newborns compared with the IVF/ICSI group.

15.
Arch Toxicol ; 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703205

RESUMO

Consumption of herbal products containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) is one of the major causes for hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS), a deadly liver disease. However, the crucial metabolic variation and biomarkers which can reflect these changes remain amphibious and thus to result in a lack of effective prevention, diagnosis and treatments against this disease. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of HSOS caused by PA exposure, and to translate metabolomics-derived biomarkers to the mechanism. In present study, cholic acid species (namely, cholic acid, taurine conjugated-cholic acid, and glycine conjugated-cholic acid) were identified as the candidate biomarkers (area under the ROC curve 0.968 [95% CI 0.908-0.994], sensitivity 83.87%, specificity 96.55%) for PA-HSOS using two independent cohorts of patients with PA-HSOS. The increased primary bile acid biosynthesis and decreased liver expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR, which is known to inhibit bile acid biosynthesis in hepatocytes) were highlighted in PA-HSOS patients. Furtherly, a murine PA-HSOS model induced by senecionine (50 mg/kg, p.o.), a hepatotoxic PA, showed increased biosynthesis of cholic acid species via inhibition of hepatic FXR-SHP singling and treatment with the FXR agonist obeticholic acid restored the cholic acid species to the normal levels and protected mice from senecionine-induced HSOS. This work elucidates that increased levels of cholic acid species can serve as diagnostic biomarkers in PA-HSOS and targeting FXR may represent a therapeutic strategy for treating PA-HSOS in clinics.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404047, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703385

RESUMO

The urgency to mitigate environmental impacts from anthropogenic CO2 emissions has propelled extensive research efforts on CO2 reduction. The current work reports a novel approach involving transforming CO2 and ethane into carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using earth-abundant metals (Fe, Co, Ni) at 750 °C. This route facilitates long-term carbon storage via generating high-value CNTs and produces valuable syngas with adjustable H2/CO ratios as byproducts. Without CO2, direct pyrolysis of ethane undergoes rapid deactivation. The participation of CO2 not only enhances the durability of the catalyst, but also contributes about 30% of the CNTs production, presenting a viable solution to CO2 challenges. The CNT morphology depends on the catalyst used. Co- and Ni-based catalysts produce CNT with a 20 nm diameter and micrometer length, whereas Fe-based catalysts yield bamboo-like structures. This work represents a pioneering effort in utilizing CO2 and ethane for CNT production with potential environmental and economic benefits.

17.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 204, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693141

RESUMO

Interferon Gamma Inducible Protein 16 (IFI16) belongs to the HIN-200 protein family and is pivotal in immunological responses. Serving as a DNA sensor, IFI16 identifies viral and aberrant DNA, triggering immune and inflammatory responses. It is implicated in diverse cellular death mechanisms, such as pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necroptosis. Notably, these processes are integral to the emergent concept of PANoptosis, which encompasses cellular demise and inflammatory pathways. Current research implies a significant regulatory role for IFI16 in PANoptosis, particularly regarding cardiac pathologies. This review delves into the complex interplay between IFI16 and PANoptosis in heart diseases, including atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and diabetic cardiomyopathy. It synthesizes evidence of IFI16's impact on PANoptosis, with the intention of providing novel insights for therapeutic strategies targeting heart diseases.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 279: 116458, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759536

RESUMO

Heavy metals interact with each other in a coexisting manner to produce complex combined toxicity to organisms. At present, the toxic effects of chronic co-exposure to heavy metals hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] and divalent nickel [Ni(II)] on organisms are seldom studied and the related mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we explored the mechanism of the colon injury in mice caused by chronic exposure to Cr or/and Ni. The results showed that, compared with the control group, Cr or/and Ni chronic exposure affected the body weight of mice, and led to infiltration of inflammatory cells in the colon, decreased the number of goblet cells, fusion of intracellular mucus particles and damaged cell structure of intestinal epithelial. In the Cr or/and Ni exposure group, the activity of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) increased, the expression levels of MUC2 were significantly down-regulated, and those of ZO-1 and Occludin were significantly up-regulated. Interestingly, factorial analysis revealed an interaction between Cr and Ni, which was manifested as antagonistic effects on iNOS activity, ZO-1 and MUC2 mRNA expression levels. Transcriptome sequencing further revealed that the expression of genes-related to inflammation, intestinal mucus and tight junctions changed obviously. Moreover, the relative contents of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) in the Cr, Ni and Cr+Ni groups all changed with in-vitro gastrointestinal (IVG)digestion, especially in the Cr+Ni group. Our results indicated that the chronic exposure to Cr or/and Ni can lead to damage to the mice colon, and the relative content changes of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) might be the main reason for the antagonistic effect of Cr+Ni exposure on the colon damage.

19.
Food Res Int ; 183: 114202, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760133

RESUMO

Pixian broad bean paste is a renowned fermented seasoning. The fermentation of broad bean is the most important process of Pixian broad bean paste. To enhance the flavor of tank-fermented broad bean paste, salt-tolerant Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain was inoculated, resulting in an increase in total amount of volatile compounds, potentially leading to different flavor characteristics. To investigate the fermentation mechanism, monoculture simulated fermentation systems were designed. Metabolomics and transcriptomics were used to explore Bacillus amyloliquefaciens' transcriptional response to salt stress and potential aroma production mechanisms. The results highlighted different metabolite profiles under salt stress, and the crucial roles of energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, reaction system, transportation system in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens' hypersaline stress response. This study provides a scientific basis for the industrial application of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and new insights into addressing the challenges of poor flavor quality in tank fermentation products.


Assuntos
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens , Fermentação , Metabolômica , Bacillus amyloliquefaciens/metabolismo , Bacillus amyloliquefaciens/genética , Transcriptoma , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Alimentos Fermentados/microbiologia , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Paladar , Fabaceae/microbiologia
20.
Neurorehabil Neural Repair ; : 15459683241252608, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the paper was to investigate the composition and structure of intestinal flora in patients with cerebral ischemic stroke (CIS), and to investigate the relationship between gut microbiota (GM) and different levels of stroke severity. METHODS: In this study, 47 CIS patients (16 mild, 21 moderate, and 10 severe) and 15 healthy controls were included. General information, clinical data, and behavioral scores of the enrolled subjects were collected. Deoxyribonucleic acid in fecal intestinal flora was extracted and detected using high-throughput Illumina 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequencing technology. Finally, the correlation between the community composition of intestinal microbiota and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score in CIS patients was analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, there was no statistically significant difference in Alpha diversity among CIS patients, but the principal coordinate analysis showed significant differences in the composition of the GM among stroke patients with different degrees of severity and controls. In CIS patients, Streptococcus was significantly enriched, and Eshibacter-Shigella, Bacteroides, and Agathobacter were significantly down-regulated (P < .05). In addition, the relative abundance of Blautia was negatively correlated with the NIHSS score. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that different degrees of CIS severity exert distinct effects on the intestinal microbiome. This study reveals the intestinal microecological changes after brain injury from the perspective of brain-gut axis. Intestinal microorganisms not only reveal the possible pathological process and indicate the severity of neurologic impairment, but also make targeted therapy possible for CIS patients.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...