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1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133869, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964565

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the heterocyclic aromatic amine (HAA) formation inhibited by cyanidin and rutin in chemical modeling systems and smoked chicken drumsticks. In the PhIP and ß-carboline chemical modeling systems, cyanidin inhibited the PhIP, Harman, and Norharman formation while rutin inhibited the PhIP formation but promoted the Harman and Norharman formation compared with control sample (P < 0.05). A mechanistic investigation confirmed that inhibiting the PhIP formation by cyanidin was mainly through trapping phenylalanine, creatine, creatinine, glucose, phenylacetaldehyde, and an aldol condensation product. In the smoked chicken drumsticks, cyanidin inhibited the PhIP, Harman, and Norharman formation dose-dependently compared to the control sample (P < 0.05), with 2.0 % (w/v) cyanidin having the highest inhibitory effect. Moreover, cyanidin inhibited the formation of PhIP precursors and intermediates in the smoked chicken drumsticks. These results provide evidence for using phenolic compounds to reduce HAA formation in smoked meat products.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Compostos Heterocíclicos , Aminas/química , Animais , Antocianinas , Culinária/métodos , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Temperatura Alta , Carne/análise , Rutina , Fumaça
2.
Food Chem ; 399: 134020, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037694

RESUMO

The effect of freeze-thaw (F-T) cycles on the digestive and protein structural properties of chicken breasts during in vitro digestion was investigated. With F-T cycles increased, the hardiness, chewiness, and shear force of chicken breasts increased, whereas the digestibility decreased, and particle size of digestive samples increased was evidenced by laser particle size analyzer and confocal fluorescence microscopy. The digestibility of the fifth F-T cycle samples in pepsin and pepsin/trypsin decreased by 25.99% and 11.82% compared to fresh samples, respectively. During F-T cycles, the disruption of protein structure was confirmed by the α-Helix decrease, ß-sheet increase, the intrinsic tryptophan intensities decrease and a redshift in the maximum value. Therefore, F-T cycles destroyed protein structure and induced the protein aggregation, resulting in chicken that was difficult to digest in the simulated digestion. The phenomenon became more acute as the number of F-T cycles increased.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Pepsina A , Animais , Digestão , Congelamento , Carne/análise
3.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137020, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330974

RESUMO

The cobalt nanoparticles decorated biomass Juncus derived carbon (Co@JDC) was prepared by facile calcination strategy and applied to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for eliminating ofloxacin (OFX) in the water environment. The results of catalytic experiments show that 97% of OFX degradation efficiency and 70.4% of chemical oxygen demand removal rate are obtained within 24 min at 0.1 g L-1 Co@JDC, 0.2 g L-1 PMS, 20 mg L-1 OFX (100 mL), and pH = 7, which indicates that Co@JDC/PMS system exhibits excellent performance. Meanwhile, the experimental results of affect factor show that Co@JDC/PMS system can operate in a wider pH range (3-9) and Cl-1, NO3-1, and SO42- have an ignorable effect on OFX degradation. The radical identification experiments confirm that SO4˙-, ·OH, O2˙-, and 1O2 are involved in the process of PMS activation, especially SO4˙- and 1O2 are the main contributors. Furthermore, a possible PMS activation mechanism by Co@JDC was proposed and the degradation pathways of OFX were deduced. Finally, the stable catalytic activity, negligible leaching of Co2+, and the outstanding degradation efficiency for other antibiotics prove that Co@JDC possesses good stability and universality.


Assuntos
Cobalto , Nanopartículas , Carbono , Ofloxacino , Biomassa , Peróxidos
4.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134692, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283318

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of different concentrations of Staphylococcus (S.) xylosus protease on the proteolysis, quality characteristics, flavor development, and sensory attributes of dry sausages. The results indicated that S. xylosus protease significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the moisture content, water activity, shear force, pH value, lipid and protein oxidation of the dry sausages. Moreover, the addition of S. xylosus protease to Harbin dry sausages accelerated meat proteins proteolysis and development of key differential volatile compounds such as ketones, acids, and esters. The best sensory score was obtained at 1.2 g/kg. Additionally, molecular docking analysis suggested that hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions force were the mainly driving forces in the S. xylosus protease-myosin complex. This study revealed that the addition of S. xylosus protease to Harbin dry sausages is a novel strategy for improving their quality and flavor.


Assuntos
Produtos da Carne , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteólise , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fermentação , Produtos da Carne/análise , Staphylococcus/metabolismo , Endopeptidases/metabolismo
5.
Phytomedicine ; 108: 154506, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) inhibition protects cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA) animal models. Therefore, CXCR4 has becoming a novel target for OA drug development. Since dietary and herbal supplements have been widely used for joint health, we hypothesized that some supplements exhibit protective effects on OA cartilage through inhibiting CXCR4 signaling. METHODS: The single-cell RNA sequencing data of OA patients (GSE152805) was re-analyzed by Scanpy 1.9.0. The docking screening of CXCR4 antagonists was conducted by Autodock Vina 1.2.0. The CXCR4 antagonistic activity was evaluated by calcium response in THP-1 cells. Signaling pathway study was conducted by bulk RNA sequencing and western blot analysis in human C28/I2 chondrocytes. The anti-OA activity was evaluated in monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced rats. RESULTS: Astragaloside IV (ASN IV), the predominate phytochemical in Astragalus membranaceus, has been identified as a novel CXCR4 antagonist. ASN IV reduced CXCL12-induced ADAMTS4,5 overexpression in chondrocytes through blocking Akt signaling pathway. Furthermore, ASN IV administration significantly repaired the damaged cartilage and subchondral bone in MIA-induced rats. CONCLUSION: The blockade of CXCR4 signaling by ASN IV could explain anti-OA activities of Astragalus membranaceus by protection of cartilage degradation in OA patients. Since ASN IV as an antiviral has been approved by China National Medical Products Administration for testing in people, repurposing of ASN IV as a joint protective agent might be a promising strategy for OA drug development.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Ácido Iodoacético/toxicidade , Ácido Iodoacético/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/induzido quimicamente , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Astragalus propinquus , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 805-812, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099848

RESUMO

Direct electrocatalytic reduction of nitrate (NO3-) is an efficient route to simultaneously synthesize ammonia (NH3) and remove NO3- pollutants under ambient conditions, however, it is hindered by the lack of efficient and stable catalysts. Herein, a self-supported spinel-type MnCo2O4 nanowire array is demonstrated for exclusively catalyzing the conversion of NO3- to NH3, achieving a high Faradic efficiency of 97.1% and a large NH3 yield of 0.67 mmol h-1 cm-2. Furthermore, density functional analysis reveals that MnCo2O4 (220) surface has high activity for NO3- reduction with a low energy barrier of 0.46 eV for *NO to *NOH.

7.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317303

RESUMO

AIMS: To identify metabolites associated with a healthy lifestyle and explore the possible mechanisms of lifestyle in CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: The NMR metabolomics platform was applied to perform metabolomic profiling of baseline plasma samples from a randomly selected subset of 121,733 UK Biobank participants. Cox proportional hazards models with covariate adjustments were used to investigate the associations between validated lifestyle-associated metabolites and incident CAD and to estimate the accuracy of the inclusion of metabolites to predict CAD compared with traditional prediction models. The discriminatory ability of each model was evaluated using Harrell's C statistic, integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) and continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI) indexes. During a median of 8.6 years of follow-up, 5,513 incident CAD cases were documented. Among the 111 lifestyle-associated metabolites, 65 were significantly associated with incident CAD after multivariate adjustment (Bonferroni P < 3.11 × 10-04). The addition of these metabolites to classic risk prediction models (Framingham Risk Score [FRS] using lipids; FRS using body mass index) improved CAD prediction accuracy as assessed by the C statistic (increasing to 0.739 [95% CI, 0.731-0.747] and 0.752 [95% CI, 0.746-0.758]), respectively; continuous NRI (0.274 [0.227-0.325] and 0.266 [0.223-0.317]) and IDI (0.003 [0.002-0.004] and 0.003 [0.002-0.004]). CONCLUSIONS: Healthy lifestyle-associated metabolites are associated with the incidence of CAD and may help improve the prediction of CAD risk. The use of metabolite information combined with the FRS model warrants further investigation before clinical implementation.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt A): 109370, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327872

RESUMO

As a common disease in modern society, osteoporosis is caused by osteoclast hyperactivation, leading to enhanced bone resorption. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) metobolism and nuclear factor-activated T cells 1 (NFATc1) activities are two crucial processes during osteoclastogenesis. AZD1390 (AZD), an inhibitor of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM), has been reported for antitumor effects, but little is known about how it plays a function in metabolic bone disease. Here, we found that AZD inhibitsthe generation, function and ROS-scavenging enzyme activity of mature osteoclast induced by RANKL stimulation, in a dose-dependent manner.Mechanistic analysis shows thatAZD affects osteoclast function and differentiation by inhibiting RANKL-induced NFATc1 signaling pathway and by increasing ROS-scavenging enzymes production in oxidative stress pathways. Preclinical studies have shown that AZD protects against bone loss in an ovariectomy (OVX) mouse model. Finally, our data confirm that AZD may prevent OVX-induced bone loss by abrogating RANKL-induced AKT/GSK3ß/NFATc1 signaling pathways, and by promoting the expression of ROS scavenging enzymes in oxidative stress pathways.Collectively, our research shows that AZD has the potential as a new therapeutic agent for osteoporosis.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1029361, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338048

RESUMO

Dextrose equivalent of glucose from starch hydrolysis is a critical index for starch-hydrolysis industry. Improving glucose yield and decreasing the non]-fermentable sugars which caused by transglycosylation activity of the enzymes during the starch saccharification is an important direction. In this study, we identified two key α-glucosidases responsible for producing non-fermentable sugars in an industrial glucoamylase-producing strain Aspergillus niger O1. The results showed the transglycosylation product panose was decreased by more than 88.0% in agdA/agdB double knock-out strains than strain O1. Additionally, the B-P1 domain of agdB was found accountable as starch hydrolysis activity only, and B-P1 overexpression in ΔAΔB-21 significantly increased glucoamylase activity whereas keeping the glucoamylase cocktail low transglycosylation activity. The total amounts of the transglycosylation products isomaltose and panose were significantly decreased in final strain B-P1-3 by 40.7% and 44.5%, respectively. The application of engineered strains will decrease the cost and add the value of product for starch biorefinery.

10.
JACC Asia ; 2(3): 235-243, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338398

RESUMO

Background: The time-velocity integral of the left ventricular outflow tract (TVILVOT) has been demonstrated to correlate with heart failure hospitalization and mortality, but the association of TVILVOT with the severity and prognosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has not been evaluated. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of baseline TVILVOT in PAH. Methods: A total of 225 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of incident PAH were prospectively studied and echocardiology-derived TVILVOT was measured at enrollment followed by right heart catheterization examination within 48 hours. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to assess the association between baseline variables and mortality. Results: During a median follow-up period of 33.8 months, 44 patients died of cardiovascular events. Baseline TVILVOT was significantly lower in the nonsurvivors compared with the survivors (P < 0.001). Baseline TVILVOT was positively correlated with stroke volume obtained by right heart catheterization (r = 0.709; P < 0.001), and inversely correlated with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (r = -0.533; P < 0.001), pulmonary vascular resistance (r = -0.423; P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that baseline TVILVOT (hazard ratio: 0.856; 95% CI: 0.780-0.941; P = 0.001) was an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in PAH. Patients with a baseline TVILVOT <17.1 cm (median value) had a significantly worse survival than those with a baseline TVILVOT ≥17.1 cm (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that noninvasive TVILVOT provides a practical method to assess the severity and predict long-term outcome of PAH.

11.
Front Chem ; 10: 997944, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339044

RESUMO

Bicyclo[1.1.1]pentylamines (BPCAs), emerging as sp3-rich surrogates for aniline and its derivatives, demonstrate unique structural features and physicochemical profiles in medicinal and synthetic chemistry. In recent years, compared with conventional synthetic approaches, the rapid development of radical chemistry enables the assembly of valuable bicyclo[1.1.1]pentylamines scaffold directly through the amination transformation of highly strained [1.1.1]propellane. In this review, we concisely summarize the emerging role of radical chemistry in the construction of BCPAs motif, highlighting two different and powerful radical-involved strategies including C-centered and N-centered radical pathways under appropriate conditions. The future direction concerning BCPAs is also discussed at the end of this review, which aims to provide some inspiration for the research of this promising project.

12.
Food Sci Nutr ; 10(11): 4080-4087, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348781

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of genotype-environment interaction (GEI) on Gardenia jasminoides crocin contents, this study combined the additive main effects and multiplicative interactions (AMMI) model and genotype × environment interaction (GGE) biplot method to investigate the adaptation and stability of 11 Gardenia jasminoides genotypes at three experimental sites in Jiangxi Province with replications. The AMMI analysis showed that genotype, environment, and the GEI had extremely significant effects on Gardenia jasminoides crocin contents (p < .001). The GEI was the main factor causing the content variation, followed by genotype. The AMMI model and biplot analysis showed that the HC20 genotype had high and stable crocin contents. The GGE biplot analysis showed that Fengcheng and Gongqingcheng were optimal test sites for the selection of Gardenia jasminoides genotypes based on their crocin contents; additionally, the HC20 genotype was a suitable dominant genotype to promote cultivation in the test areas, and the GY8 genotype could be widely planted in the Gongqingcheng area. Therefore, the AMMI and GGE biplot genotype evaluation results were basically consistent. Comprehensive and effective evaluation of genotype and regional test sites can provide a theoretical basis for the breeding and development of Gardenia jasminoides clones with high and stable crocin contents and the selection of test sites.

13.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The perioperative safety and survival benefits of lateral lymph node dissection in elderly patients have been less reported. This study aimed to compare short-term and survival outcomes of total mesorectal excision and total mesorectal excision + lateral lymph node dissection in elderly patients. METHODS: A total of 444 elderly patients (≥65 years) with middle-low rectal cancer were enrolled in three institutions and divided into the total mesorectal excision + lateral lymph node dissection group (n = 110) and the total mesorectal excision group (n = 334). Eighty-three matched pairs were selected for evaluation after propensity matching. Data of 297 patients (age <65 years) with middle-low rectal cancer who underwent total mesorectal excision + lateral lymph node dissection were also collected and reviewed. Clinical and pathological features, postoperative outcomes and survival data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the total mesorectal excision group, the operation time of patients in the total mesorectal excision + lateral lymph node dissection group was significantly longer (277.6 vs. 171.4 min, P < 0.001), and the estimated blood loss was significantly more (119.6 vs. 57.5 ml, P = 0.014). Although there was no significant difference in overall complications (24.1% vs. 14.4%, P = 0.115) and grade 3-5 complications (9.6% vs. 7.2%, P = 0.576) between the two groups, the incidence of urinary retention (10.8% vs. 2.4%, P = 0.029) was higher in the total mesorectal excision + lateral lymph node dissection group. Two groups of patients achieve a similar 3-year overall survival (92.8% vs. 85.4%, P = 0.195) and 3-year disease-free survival (81.5% vs. 73.0%, P = 0.625). In addition, we compared long-term outcomes in 110 elderly patients with total mesorectal excision + lateral lymph node dissection and 297 non-elderly patients with total mesorectal excision + lateral lymph node dissection, and the results showed that 3-year (89.2% vs. 80.9%, P = 0.546) and disease-free survival (76.4% vs. 70.4%, P = 0.346) were similar between elderly and non-elderly patients. CONCLUSIONS: Although urinary retention is closely related to the implementation of lateral lymph node dissection in elderly patients, total mesorectal excision with lateral lymph node dissection could be performed safely with accepted overall and grade 3-5 postoperative complications in elderly patients with rectal cancer. Moreover, elderly patients with clinical lateral lymph node metastasis can also benefit from lateral lymph node dissection as well as younger patients. Prospective studies with large sample sizes are needed to verify our results further.

14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1024755, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341335

RESUMO

Background: CT053PTSA is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets MET, AXL, VEGFR2, FLT3 and MERTK. Here, we present preclinical data about CT053PTSA, and we conducted the first-in-human (FIH) study to evaluate the use of CT053PTSA in adult patients with pretreated advanced solid tumors. Methods: The selectivity and antitumor activity of CT053PTSA were assessed in cell lines in vitro through kinase and cellular screening panels and in cell line-derived tumor xenograft (CDX) and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models in vivo. The FIH, phase I, single-center, single-arm, dose escalation (3 + 3 design) study was conducted, patients received at least one dose of CT053PTSA (15 mg QD, 30 mg QD, 60 mg QD, 100 mg QD, and 150 mg QD). The primary objectives were to assess safety and tolerability, to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and the recommended dose of CT053PTSA for further study. Secondary objectives included pharmacokinetics, antitumor activity. Results: CT053 (free-base form of CT053PTSA) inhibited MET, AXL, VEGFR2, FLT3 and MERTK phosphorylation and suppressed tumor cell angiogenesis by blocking VEGF and HGF, respectively, in vitro. Moreover, cell lines with high MET expression exhibited strong sensitivity to CT053, and CT053 blocked the MET and AXL signaling pathways. In an in vivo study, CT053 significantly inhibited tumor growth in CDX and PDX models. Twenty eligible patients were enrolled in the FIH phase I trial. The most common treatment-related adverse events were transaminase elevation (65%), leukopenia (45%) and neutropenia (35%). DLTs occurred in 3 patients, 1/6 in the 100 mg group and 2/4 in the 150 mg group, so the MTD was set to 100 mg. CT053PTSA was rapidly absorbed after the oral administration of a single dose, and the Cmax and AUC increased proportionally as the dose increased. A total of 17 patients in this trial underwent tumor imaging evaluation, and 29.4% had stable disease. Conclusions: CT053PTSA has potent antitumor and antiangiogenic activity in preclinical models. In this FIH phase I trial, CT053PTSA was well tolerated and had a satisfactory safety profile. Further trials evaluating the clinical activity of CT053PTSA are ongoing.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Adulto , Humanos , c-Mer Tirosina Quinase , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/patologia , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Administração Oral
15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 632(Pt A): 35-43, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403375

RESUMO

The development of effective strategies for the detection of oxytetracycline (OTC) in soil is of great importance for preserving agri-environmental safety and human health. Herein, a novel photoactive material of metal-organic framework (MOF) derived ZnO nanopolyhedra/graphitic carbon nitride (ZnO/g-C3N4) heterojunction was designed by mixing calcination of zeolite imidazole framework-8 (ZIF-8) and melamine. A self-powered photoelectrochemical aptasensor for the sensitive and selective detection of OTC in soil was proposed using ZnO/g-C3N4 as the photoanode. The photoactivity of the MOF derived ZnO nanopolyhedra was regulated effectively by the introduction of g-C3N4, which resulted in a 7-fold increase in the photocurrent of the ZnO nanopolyhedra at a bias potential of 0 V. It was assigned to the higher carrier density of ZnO/g-C3N4. By virtue of the amplified photocurrent of ZnO/g-C3N4, the specificity of the OTC aptamer and the anti-interference ability of the self-powered sensing method, the designed aptasensor demonstrated the advantages of a wide linear range (0.005-200 nM), low limit of detection (1.49 × 10-3 nM), good selectivity and good reproducibility. For real soil sample analysis, satisfactory recoveries were obtained and further verified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS).

16.
Langmuir ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417886

RESUMO

To alleviate soil impoverishment and water shortage in desert areas, as well as to reduce the impact of waste cabbage on the environment and human health, we used waste cabbage as a substrate, 2-acrylamide-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPS) and acrylic acid (AA) as polymerization units, and NH4Cl and KNO3 as nutriment to obtain two waste cabbage-superabsorbent polymers (CB-SAPNH4Cl and CB-SAPKNO3) by the one-pot method. The chemical structure, thermal stability, and morphology of the polymers were investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Meanwhile, the water retention, water absorption, and salt resistance were compared with the purchased polymers. The results showed that the nutriment was successfully encapsulated inside the polymer, and CB-SAPNH4Cl and CB-SAPKNO3 at 1% nutrient concentration showed excellent water retention properties, salt resistance, and water absorption performance of 1546 and 1131 g/g (distilled water), 306 and 277 g/g (tap water), and 116 and 91 g/g (0.9% NaCl solution). Therefore, they are highly promising materials for the application.

17.
Biotechnol J ; : e2200427, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of protein-protein interactions is a great challenge. In this study, we fabricated a gold surface-modified biochip with activated sophorolipids in combination with 16-amino-1-hexadecanethiol hydrochloride to detect serum proteins. MAIN METHODS AND MAJOR RESULTS: Strategies for on-chip immunoassay included that a ligand on the biochip allowed to recognise specific receptor in liquid phase, and a receptor loaded on the biochip combined with ligand in solution. The specificity of the molecular interactions on the biochip was evaluated using immunological blocking assays and chemiluminescent immunoassays (CLIA). HLH serum was used to test the potential utilisation of the biochip. Reverse receptor CD25-based IL-2 and forward ligand IL-2-based CD25 assays revealed that the limit of detection of the target proteins was as low as 156 pg/mL and 78 pg/mL, respectively. Using receptor- or ligand-based platforms, we found that the positive rates of free IL-2 and sCD25 monomers in the sera of HLH patients were 14.3% and 71.4%, respectively. In addition, the biochip showed good compatibility with CLIA for the measurement of sCD25 (r = 0.77, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Biochip, functioning as on-chip immunoprecipitation, can be used to evaluate interactions between protein-protein, ligands, and receptors, or enzymes and substrates in serum This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


A gold surface biochip was modified with activated sophorolipid in combination with 16-amino-1-hexadecanethiolhydrochloride. A direct on-chip immunoassay was established by detecting specific receptor monomers on a ligand-based biochip and vice versa. Biochip detection limit was as low as 156 pg/mL in the receptor-based ligand assay and 78 pg/mL in the ligand-based receptor assay. The specificity of the molecular interactions on the biochip was evaluated by an immunological blocking assay and a chemiluminescent immunoassay. Protein-protein interactions in the sera of patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis were further demonstrated on the biochip in a forward or reverse manner.

18.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 262, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soluble Klotho (S-Klotho) is an anti-aging protein mainly secreted by the kidneys. Hyperuricemia is prevalent among middle-aged and elderly individuals, which affects the development of various chronic diseases. However, there are relatively few studies investigating the association between plasma S-Klotho levels and hyperuricemia in middle-aged and elderly individuals. This study sought to clarify the relationship between S-Klotho and the risk of hyperuricemia in middle-aged and elderly people. METHODS: During 2007-2016, a total of 50,588 people participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Finally, 12,441 middle-aged and elderly people (aged 40-79) completed the soluble Klotho tests and had obtained complete data. S-Klotho was detected by ELISA kit, and the relationship between S-Klotho and hyperuricemia was assessed by multiple logistic regression. Hyperuricemia is defined as serum uric acid levels higher than or equal to 420 mmol/l in men and 360 mmol/l in women. RESULTS: In the middle-aged and elderly, plasma S-Klotho levels were negatively correlated with hyperuricemia, and there was a saturation effect. The inflection point of S-Klotho was 927.8 pg/ml (logarithmic likelihood ratio test = 0.002). When plasma S-Klotho < 927.8 pg/ml, the prevalence of hyperuricemia in middle-aged and elderly individuals with higher levels of S-Klotho decreased by 25.6% compared with those with low levels of S-Klotho [Q4 vs Q1, OR: 0.744, 95%CI: (0.634, 0.874), P < 0.001]; In different age groups, S-Klotho had a significantly greater effect on hyperuricemia in middle-aged people [age: 40-65 years, Q4 vs Q1, OR (95%CI): 0.69 (0.58, 0.82), P < 0.001; Age > 65 years: Q4 vs Q1, OR (95%CI): 0.72 (0.56, 0.92), P = 0.008)].When the level of S-Klotho was higher, the risk of hyperuricemia in men was lower than that in women [male: Q4 vs Q1, OR (95%CI): 0.67 (0.56, 0.81), P < 0.001; female: Q4 vs Q1 (95%CI):0.72 (0.58, 0.88), P < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: In middle-aged and elderly individuals, plasma S-Klotho levels were inversely correlated with hyperuricemia, with a saturation effect. Given the limitations of the research results, the underlying mechanism between S-Klotho and hyperuricemia should be further explored.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Ácido Úrico , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência
19.
Int Ophthalmol ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the potential effects of 3% diquafosol (DQS) on tear film stability after glaucoma surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who underwent glaucoma surgery at the glaucoma division of the Henan Eye Institute from January 2020 to January 2021. Clinical parameters, including age, sex, intraocular pressure, and number of glaucoma medications, were tested. Tear film parameters, such as tear meniscus height (TMH), first and average noninvasive tear break-up time (FBUT and ABUT, respectively), and tear film lipid layer grade (TFLL), were evaluated using the Oculus Keratograph 5M. We investigated the differences in clinical and tear film parameters pre- and postoperatively. We compared the baseline and different time points after surgery between the DQS and HA groups and identified the factors associated with changes in the tear film at 8 weeks postoperatively. RESULTS: A total of 101 eyes were included. Early administration of DQS increased TMH, FBUT, ABUT, and TFLL after trabeculectomy (all p < 0.05). In addition, the DQS group showed significantly higher ABUT than the HA group (p < 0.05). DQS use served as an associated parameter for better TMH, FBUT, ABUT, and the TFLL (p < 0.05). DQS and preoperative FBUT were significant independent parameters of postoperative FBUT (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that postoperative TMH, FBUT, ABUT, and TFLL significantly increased after early application of DQS, and the efficacy of ABUT was better than that of HA at the early stage in 8 weeks after trabeculectomy (p < 0.05).

20.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 9(11)2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354518

RESUMO

Running-related limb asymmetries suggest specific sports injuries and recovery circumstances. It is debatable if running speed affected asymmetry, and more research is required to determine how longitudinal bending stiffness (LBS) affected asymmetry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of running velocity and LBS on kinematic characteristics of the hip, knee, ankle, metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) and the corresponding asymmetry. Kinematic (200 Hz) running stance phase data were collected bilaterally for 16 healthy male recreational runners (age: 23.13 ± 1.17, height: 175.2 ± 1.6 cm, body mass: 75.7 ± 3.6 kg, BMI: 24.7 ± 1.3 kg/m2) running on a force plate at three different velocities (10, 12 and 14 km/h) and three increasing-LBS shoes in a randomized order. The symmetry angle (SA) was calculated to quantify gait asymmetry magnitude at each running velocity and LBS. Changes in running velocity and LBS led to differences in kinematic variables between the hip, knee, ankle and MTP (p < 0.05). Significant changes in SA caused by running velocity were found in the knee flexion angle (p = 0.001) and flexion angle peak velocity (p < 0.001), ankle plantarflexion angle (p = 0.001) and plantarflexion angle peak velocity (p = 0.043) and MTP dorsiflexion angle (p = 0.001) and dorsiflexion angle peak velocity (p = 0.019). A significant change in the SA caused by LBS was found in the MTP dorsiflexion peak angle velocity (p = 0.014). There were interaction effects between running velocity and LBS on the MTP plantarflexion angle (p = 0.033) and plantarflexion angle peak velocity (p = 0.038). These findings indicate the existence of bilateral lower limb asymmetry. Meanwhile, it was proved that running velocity and LBS can influence the asymmetry of lower limb joints. Additionally, there was an interaction between running velocity and LBS on the asymmetry of the lower limb. These findings can provide some information for sports injuries, such as metatarsal stress fractures and anterior cruciate ligament injuries. They can also provide some useful information for running velocities and running shoes.

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