Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.167
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 751: 141597, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889454

RESUMO

In recent years, large-scale coal bulk cargo ports have been vigorously promoting the green and intelligent construction, it is an important problem for them to manage water resources scientifically and effectively to realize energy conservation and environmental protection under uncertain circumstances. Taking Huanghua Port of Shenhua Group in China as an example, firstly, through a systematic review of the water resource dispatching infrastructures and production operations, the four-level water resource dispatching framework of Huanghua Port was obtained. Secondly, an uncertain multi-objective programming model is constructed to comprehensively consider the cost of water purchase, the energy consumption of water diversion, and the uncertainty of water usage. Then, an algorithm is designed according to the characteristics of the model. Finally, the applicability and effectiveness of the water resource dispatching framework, optimization model, and solution algorithm are verified by the analysis of 8 typical production water scenarios. This study not only provides Huanghua Port with a water resource dispatching optimization solution but also provides a decision-making reference for the green and intelligent transformation and upgrading of other large-scale coal bulk ports.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123343, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763677

RESUMO

The widespread use of triclocarban (TCC) has led to its substantial release into aquatic environment. As an important microbial community in wastewater treatment, denitrifying cultures likely remove TCC and also may be affected by TCC which has not been revealed. This work therefore aims to add knowledge to these questions. Experimental results showed that 71.2 %-79.4 % of TCC was removed by denitrifying sludge in stable operation when TCC concentration was 1∼20 mg/L. Mass balance analyses revealed that TCC was dominantly removed by adsorption rather than biodegradation, and non-homogeneous multilayer adsorption was responsible for this removal, with hydroxyl groups, amides and polysaccharides acting as the possible adsorption sites. Although the physicochemical properties of denitrifying cultures were unaffected after short-term exposure, long-term exposure to TCC deteriorated the settleability, dewaterability, flocculability and hydrophobicity of denitrifying biomass. It was observed that 20 mg/L TCC decreased denitrification efficiency by 70 % in long-term operation. Mechanism studies revealed that long-term exposure to TCC resulted in the increase of extracellular polymeric substances especially proteins, and the decrease of denitrifiers' activities. High-throughput sequencing revealed that TCC decreased the diversity of microbial community and the abundances of denitrifier genera such as Hyphomicrobium, Paracoccus, Saprospiraceae and unclassified-f-Rhodocyclaceae.

3.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202158

RESUMO

RecQ-mediated genome instability protein 1 (RMI1) is an important component of the BLM-Topo IIIα-RMI1-RMI2 complex and plays a critical role in maintaining genome stability. However, the cellular functions of RMI1 in response to ionizing radiation (IR) are poorly understood. In this study, we found that RMI1 knockdown led to enhanced radiosensitivity and apoptosis after irradiation. To analyze the effect of RMI1 knockdown on the expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs), we performed high-throughput RNA sequencing on four groups of human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293T cells: control cells and RMI1 knockdown cells with or without IR exposure. A total of 179 and 160 differentially expressed circRNAs (DE-circRNAs) were identified under RMI1 knockdown without and with exposure to IR, respectively. The Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses showed that these DE-circRNAs were involved in a variety of functions and signal pathways, including histone H3-K36 methylation, nuclear pore organization, mRNA destabilization, the mismatch repair pathway, and the apoptotic signaling pathway. Overall, our results indicate that RMI1 plays a crucial role in the response to IR and, more generally, that circRNAs are important in the regulatory mechanism of the radiation response.

4.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241650, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166311

RESUMO

In this paper, the dynamic model of the rigid space stepped-pipe strings system is derived with Lagrangian method to represent the system dynamic behaviors which enriches the analysis method of longitudinal vibration of stepped-pipe strings. The stepped-pipe strings is constructed of pipes with different diameters and lengths, the physical properties of which mainly depends on the axial force and the depth of deep-sea mining. Based on lumped element method, the heave compensation system with dynamic vibration absorber is designed for longitudinal vibration suppression of the stepped-pipe strings. The analytical solution is obtained by modal analysis method when the mining ship is subjected to sea breeze excitation. The proposed method is easily implementable for rigid space stepped-pipe strings system with complex multi-degree-of-free deep-sea mining dynamic model. Furthermore, the optimal combination of mass ratio, spring coefficient and damping ratio is shown to have a better vibration suppression performance. Finally, numerical simulations on the stepped-pipe strings system with or without dynamic vibration absorbers are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

5.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1682, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With data from different regions accumulated, physical inactivity (PI) was found to be pandemic worldwide. Using China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), a nationwide longitudinal survey data, we aimed to delineate the prevalence, incidence and risk factors of physical inactivity (PI) among Chinese people aged 45 years and older. METHODS: The CHARLS covered nearly all provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities of mainland China. With data from CHARLS, three cross-sectional analyses and a cohort analysis were conducted. In cross-sectional studies, we used surveys at 2011, 2013 and 2015 to examine the prevalence and its trend of PI. Multivariate generalized linear model was conducted in survey at 2011 to examine the risk factors for prevalent PI. Multiple imputation of missing values was used and results before and after imputation were compared. In cohort analysis, we identified people free of PI at 2011 and followed them up until 2015 to estimate the incidence of PI. Generalized estimating equation was used to examine the risk factors associated with incidence PI. In all analyses, PI was defined as insufficient physical activity according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) criterion. RESULTS: 6650, 5946 and 9389 participants were eligible for cross-sectional analyses, and 4525 participants were included for cohort analysis. The weighted prevalence of PI was 22.25% (95% CI: 20.63-23.95%) in 2011, 20.64% (95% CI: 19.22-22.14%) in 2013 and 19.31% (95% CI: 18.28-20.38%) in 2015. In multivariate analysis, PI was associated with older age, higher education, overweight, obesity and difficulties in daily living, and was negatively associated with working and higher level of expenditure. No material change was detected in results after multiple imputation. In cohort analysis, older age, abundant public facilities, difficulties in daily living were identified as risk factors of incidence PI, while urban areas, college and above education, and working were protective factors. CONCLUSIONS: PI is pandemic in 45 years and older people in China. People with older age, difficulties in daily living and people who are not working are at higher risk. More efforts should be paid in estimating and promoting leisure-time physical activities.

6.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 98(6): 709-718, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210543

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, especially in developing countries. Although advances in surgical procedures and targeted medicine have improved the overall survival of patients with HCC, the prognosis is poor. Hence, there is a need to identify novel therapeutic targets for HCC. Here, we report that the expression of RP11-909N17.2, a novel, long, noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is dysregulated in patients with HCC and cell lines. Additionally, this study demonstrated that RP11-909N17.2 facilitates the proliferation and invasion of HCC cells by binding to miRNA-767-3p, a tumor-suppressive microRNA (miRNA). Small integral membrane protein 7 (SMIM7) was identified as the downstream target of miRNA-767-3p. The expression of SMIM7 was upregulated in HCC clinical samples and cell lines. Moreover, SMIM7 was involved in the proliferation and invasion of HCC cells. Furthermore, SMIM7 inhibited the apoptosis of HCC cells, which indicated the oncogenic role of SMIM7 in HCC. The findings of this study suggest that the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory axis, which regulates the pathogenesis of HCC, can be a potential novel diagnostic and therapeutic target for HCC.

7.
J Affect Disord ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Convergent evidence has demonstrated that trait impulsivity, a key feature in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), involves dysregulated frontal-striatal circuits. The present study aims to explore relationships between frontal-striatal circuits, trait impulsivity, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. METHODS: Thirty-six unmedicated patients with OCD and 50 healthy controls (HCs) matched for age, sex, and years of education underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure. Voxel-wise statistical parametric analysis was used to investigate the differences in resting-state functional connectivity between brain regions functionally connected to six pairs of a-priori defined striatal seed regions, between patients with OCD and HCs. Associations between frontal-striatal connectivity and both trait impulsivity and symptom severity of OCD were analyzed. RESULTS: The results showed altered striatal functional connectivity in OCD group compared to HCs, including increased connectivity of dorsal caudate (DC)-orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), ventral striatum (VS)-OFC, VS-medial prefrontal cortex, and putamen-sensorimotor area, and decreased functional connectivity of DC-anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), putamen-ACC, and putamen-dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Furthermore, the putamen-DLPFC connectivity was negatively correlated with attentional impulsivity in the OCD group, but showed a positive correlation in HCs. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggested that dorsal cognitive circuits could reflect the level of inhibitory control, which is balanced with the impulsive drive in healthy controls, but breakdown in OCD. Our findings supported that DLPFC-putamen connectivity underlying trait impulsivity, which were involved in the pathophysiology of OCD. The findings have provided new insights into the neurobiological mechanisms of OCD.

8.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174569

RESUMO

Hierarchical nitrogen-doped carbon encapsulated hollow ZnSe/CoSe2 (ZnSe/CoSe2@N-C) nanospheres are fabricated by a convenient solvothermal and selenization approach, followed by a carbonization process. The as-obtained ZnSe/CoSe2@N-C possesses a multilevel nanoscale architecture composed of a thin carbon shell with a size of around 12 nm and hollow selenide nanoparticles as the core with tiny rough grains and rich voids as the subunits. The robust carbon protective shell and synergistic effect between double metal ions boost the electron and ion transportation as well as promote effective extraction and insertion of lithium ions. Hollow ZnSe/CoSe2@N-C spheres show high reversible capacity with 1153 mA h g-1 remaining over 100 cycles at 100 mA g-1. In particular, the hollow ZnSe/CoSe2@N-C spheres show an outstanding cycling stability at a high rate of 2000 mA g-1 with the reversible capacity of up to 966 mA h g-1 remaining after 500 cycles. As an advanced anode, ZnSe/CoSe2@N-C composite shows remarkable cycling stability and exceptional rate capability in the field of energy storage technologies.

9.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 247: 119108, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161263

RESUMO

AIM: Metabolites present in urine reflect the current phenotype of the cancer state. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) can be used in urine supernatant or sediment to largely reflect the metabolic status of the body. MATERIALS & METHODS: SERS was performed to detect bladder cancer (BCa) and predict tumour grade from urine supernatant, which contains various system metabolites, as well as from urine sediment, which contains exfoliated tumour cells. RESULTS & DISCUSSION: Upon combining the urinary supernatant and sediment results, the total diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SERS were 100% and 98.85%, respectively, for high-grade tumours and 97.53% and 90.80%, respectively, for low-grade tumours. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest high potential for SERS to detect BCa from urine, especially when combining both urinary supernatant and sediment results.

10.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 578, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a zoonotic gastrointestinal pathogen and can infect both humans and animals. The coypu (Myocastor coypus) is a semi-aquatic rodent, in which few E. bieneusi infections have been reported and the distribution of genotypes and zoonotic potential remains unknown. METHODS: A total of 308 fresh fecal samples were collected from seven coypu farms in China to determine the infection rate and the distribution of genotypes of E. bieneusi from coypus using nested-PCR amplification of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene. RESULTS: Enterocytozoon bieneusi was detected with an infection rate of 41.2% (n = 127). Four genotypes were identified, including three known genotypes (CHN4 (n = 111), EbpC (n = 8) and EbpA (n = 7)) and a novel genotype named CNCP1 (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS: The rare genotype CHN4 was the most common genotype in the present study, and the transmission dynamics of E. bieneusi in coypus were different from other rodents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of E. bieneusi infections in coypus in China. Our study reveals that E. bieneusi in coypus may be a potential infection source to humans.

11.
Psychol Med ; : 1-10, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma is a vulnerability factor for the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Empirical findings suggest that trauma-related alterations in brain networks, especially in thalamus-related regions, have been observed in OCD patients. However, the relationship between childhood trauma and thalamic connectivity in patients with OCD remains unclear. The present study aimed to examine the impact of childhood trauma on thalamic functional connectivity in OCD patients. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging resting-state scans were acquired in 79 patients with OCD, including 22 patients with a high level of childhood trauma (OCD_HCT), 57 patients with a low level of childhood trauma (OCD_LCT) and 47 healthy controls. Seven thalamic subdivisions were chosen as regions of interest (ROIs) to examine the group difference in thalamic ROIs and whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC). RESULTS: We found significantly decreased caudate-thalamic rsFC in OCD patients as a whole group and also in OCD_LCT patients, compared with healthy controls. However, OCD_HCT patients exhibited increased thalamic rsFC with the prefrontal cortex when compared with both OCD_LCT patients and healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, OCD patients with high and low levels of childhood trauma exhibit different pathological alterations in thalamic rsFC, suggesting that childhood trauma may be a predisposing factor for some OCD patients.

12.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e923448, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of red blood cell (RBC) storage duration on the outcomes of adult isolated traumatic brain injury (iTBI) patients after transfusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 1252 adult iTBI patients who received the fresh RBCs (stored for £14 days) or old RBCs (stored for >14 days) were finally enrolled in this study. The primary outcome was 90-day mortality. The secondary outcomes were in-hospital mortality, nosocomial infection, and complications. RESULTS By 90 days after RBC transfusion, 89 patients (17.0%) had died in the fresh RBC group, and 107 had died (14.7%) in the old RBC group, with no significant difference in 90-day mortality between the 2 groups (OR=1.192, 95% CI: 0.877-1.620, P=0.261). According to ISS score, no differences were discovered in mild injury (OR=1.079, 95% CI: 0.682-1.707, P=0.746), severe injury (OR=1.055, 95% CI: 0.634-1.755, P=0.838), and more severe injury (OR=1.940, 95% CI: 0.955-3.943, P=0.064). For GCS score, there were no differences in mild injury (OR=1.546, 95% CI: 0.893-2.676, P=0.118), moderate injury (OR=0.965, 95% CI: 0.616-1.513, P=0.877), and severe injury (OR=1.332, 95% CI: 0.677-2.620, P=0.406). We also observed no significant differences in secondary outcomes. CONCLUSIONS Use of old RBCs did not increase the 90-day mortality in adult iTBI patients.

13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5513, 2020 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139730

RESUMO

Cyclin D1 is one of the most important oncoproteins that drives cancer cell proliferation and associates with tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer. Here, we identify a lncRNA, DILA1, which interacts with Cyclin D1 and is overexpressed in tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells. Mechanistically, DILA1 inhibits the phosphorylation of Cyclin D1 at Thr286 by directly interacting with Thr286 and blocking its subsequent degradation, leading to overexpressed Cyclin D1 protein in breast cancer. Knocking down DILA1 decreases Cyclin D1 protein expression, inhibits cancer cell growth and restores tamoxifen sensitivity both in vitro and in vivo. High expression of DILA1 is associated with overexpressed Cyclin D1 protein and poor prognosis in breast cancer patients who received tamoxifen treatment. This study shows the previously unappreciated importance of post-translational dysregulation of Cyclin D1 contributing to tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer. Moreover, it reveals the novel mechanism of DILA1 in regulating Cyclin D1 protein stability and suggests DILA1 is a specific therapeutic target to downregulate Cyclin D1 protein and reverse tamoxifen resistance in treating breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclina D1/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/genética , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteólise , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Adulto Jovem
14.
Opt Lett ; 45(21): 6062-6065, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137069

RESUMO

In this Letter, we propose a combined metric for quantifying the color discrimination capability of white light sources. This metric is based on considerations of human visual adaptation to daylight chromaticities, as well as on the concerns of the huge spectral diversity of modern light sources. Two existing metrics, Sneutral (degree of neutrality) by Smet et al. [Opt. Express22, 25830 (2014)OPEXFF1094-408710.1364/OE.22.025830] and Rd (hue transposition among color samples of the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue color vision test) by Esposito and Houser [Lighting Res. Technol.51, 5 (2019)LRTEA90024-342610.1177/1477153517729200] were adopted, and their weights were determined by a meta-analysis of five groups of psychophysical data on color discrimination. The superiority of the newly proposed metric was demonstrated by 16 groups of psychophysical data from eight color discrimination studies, as well as by a comparison with 29 typical color quality metrics and their linear combinations.

15.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 657, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HELLP syndrome may increase adverse pregnancy outcomes, though the incidence of it is not high. At present, the impact of HELLP syndrome on P-AKI (acute kidney injury during pregnancy) and maternal and infant outcomes is controversial. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to find out more about the relationship between HELLP syndrome and P-AKI and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embassy and Cochrane Databases for cohort studies and RCT to assess the effect of HELLP syndrome on P-AKI and maternal and infant outcomes. Study-specific risk estimates were combined by using fixed-effect or random-effect models. RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 11 cohort studies with a total of 6333 Participants, including 355 cases of pregnant women with HELLP syndrome and 5979 cases that without. HELLP syndrome was associated with relatively higher risk of P-AKI (OR4.87 95% CI 3.31 ~ 7.17, P<0.001), fetal mortality (OR1.56 95% CI 1.45 ~ 2.11, P<0.001) and Maternal death (OR3.70 95% CI 1.72 ~ 7.99, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: HELLP syndrome is associated with relatively higher risk of P-AKI, fetal mortality and maternal death.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 59(21): 16027-16034, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064476

RESUMO

To estimate the effect of bisphosphine ligands on the formation of the isomeric core structures of gold nanoclusters, the different ligation of bisphosphine ligands is usually used to participate in the construction of gold nanoclusters. Here, the selection of the different bisphosphine ligands, DPEphos and Xantphos, is performed to construct two novel gold nanoclusters, [Au11(DPEphos)4Cl2]Cl (1) and [Au11(Xantphos)4Cl2]Cl(2), which have been characterized by IR, 1H and 31P NMR, ESI-MS, XRD, SEM, XPS, TG, UV-vis, and X-ray crystal structure analysis. The structural analyses indicate that the ligation of bisphosphine ligands play a crucial role in the formation of the fascinating Au11 cores: gold nanocluster 1 includes a birdcage-shaped Au11 core with eight electrons, while gold nanocluster 2 contains a crown-shaped Au11 core with eight electrons. Meanwhile, DOS and PDOS studies indicate that the Au11 cores have a strong effect on the composition of HOMO and LUMO orbitals of gold nanoclusters. Furthermore, the different Au11 core structures lead to different optical absorption characteristics (1: 456 nm; 2: 427 nm). All these demonstrate that the ligation of bisphosphine ligands may have an important influence on constructing the stability of the isomeric core structures of gold nanoclusters.

17.
Ital J Pediatr ; 46(1): 153, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric COVID-19 is relatively mild and may vary from that in adults. This study was to investigate the epidemic, clinical, and imaging features of pediatric COVID-19 pneumonia for early diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Forty-one children infected with COVID-19 were analyzed in the epidemic, clinical and imaging data. RESULTS: Among 30 children with mild COVID-19, seven had no symptoms, fifteen had low or mediate fever, and eight presented with cough, nasal congestion, diarrhea, headache, or fatigue. Among eleven children with moderate COVID-19, nine presented with low or mediate fever, accompanied with cough and runny nose, and two had no symptoms. Significantly (P < 0.05) more children had a greater rate of cough in moderate than in mild COVID-19. Thirty children with mild COVID-19 were negative in pulmonary CT imaging, whereas eleven children with moderate COVID-19 had pulmonary lesions, including ground glass opacity in ten (90.9%), patches of high density in six (54.5%), consolidation in three (27.3%), and enlarged bronchovascular bundles in seven (63.6%). The lesions were distributed along the bronchus in five patients (45.5%). The lymph nodes were enlarged in the pulmonary hilum in two patients (18.2%). The lesions were presented in the right upper lobe in two patients (18.1%), right middle lobe in one (9.1%), right lower lobe in six (54.5%), left upper lobe in five (45.5%), and left lower lobe in eight (72.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Children with COVID-19 have mild or moderate clinical and imaging presentations. A better understanding of the clinical and CT imaging helps ascertaining those with negative nucleic acid and reducing misdiagnosis rate for those with atypical and concealed symptoms.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
18.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(11): 153227, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027752

RESUMO

Fatty acid synthase (FASN), a key enzyme essential for fatty acid (FA) synthesis, was reportedly implicated in the initiation and progression of various cancers. However, the clinical significance of FASN in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has not been fully elucidated yet. Here we compare the expression profile and evaluate the prognostic significance of FASN in clear cell RCC (ccRCC) patients. FASN expression was examined in 3 pairs ccRCC and their adjacent nontumor tissues by western blotting (WB) analysis, and its expression was assessed in 145 ccRCC and 13 nontumor tissues by immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis with tissue microarrays (TMAs). The prognosis of FASN was further investigated in large-scale database using LinkedOmics (n = 537) and The Cancer Protein Atlas (TCPA, n = 445), respectively. WB detected higher FASN expression in ccRCC than normal tissues, then IHC analysis revealed that FASN expression was positively associated with histological grade, pathological stage, tumor size and metastasis status, and negatively associated with cancer-specific survival (CSS). Univariate survival analysis demonstrated that high grade, advanced stage, large tumor, metastasis, and high FASN expression were significantly associated with a shorter CSS, and multivariate analysis revealed tumor grade, stage, metastasis and FASN were identified as independent predictors for CSS in patients with ccRCC. Further LinkedOmics and TCPA analyses confirmed that high FASN expression was correlated with a poorer overall survival (OS) of ccRCC. Collectively, these findings demonstrated FASN could be a poor prognostic factor in ccRCC patients, which indicated that FA synthesis might be implicated in the tumorigenesis and progression of ccRCC.

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 4061-4069, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000185

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of exogenous H2S on mammary gland development in pubescent mice and to explore the underlying mechanism. The mouse mammary epithelial cell line HC11, along with C57BL/6J mice, were treated with different concentrations of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), which is a donor of H2S. The HC11 cell viability, pubescent mammary gland development, and the involvement of proliferative proteins and pathways were assessed by CCK­8 assay, EdU assay, whole mount staining, H&E staining, western blotting and reverse transcription­quantitative PCR. Both in vitro and in vivo, a low concentration of NaHS (100 µM in vitro; 9 mg/kg in vivo) significantly promoted the viability of HC11 cells and the development of mammary glands by increasing the expression of the proliferative markers cyclin D1/3 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. However, a high concentration of NaHS (1,000 µM in vitro; 18 mg/kg in vivo) inhibited HC11 cell viability, mammary gland development and the expression levels of proteins involved in proliferation. Subsequent experiments revealed that NaHS regulated the phosphatidylinositol 3­kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)­mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway during this process. In vivo, intraperitoneal injection of low concentration NaHS (9 mg/kg) activated the PI3K/Akt­mTOR pathway in mammary glands of pubescent mice, increased the secretion of insulin­like growth factor 1 (IGF­1) and estradiol (E2), and then stimulated mammary gland ductal development. Whereas a high concentration of NaHS (18 mg/kg) elicited the opposite effects to those of low­dose NaHS. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that exogenous H2S supplied by NaHS may exert bidirectional effects on mammary gland ductal development; promoting ductal development at a low concentration and inhibiting it at a high concentration. The effects of H2S may occur via the intracellular PI3K/Akt­mTOR signaling pathway, or by regulation of the secretion of IGF­1 and E2.

20.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(10): e1008953, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048986

RESUMO

Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease pathogen causes persistent infection by evading the host immune response. Differential expression of the surface-exposed lipoprotein VlsE that undergoes antigenic variation is a key immune evasion strategy employed by B. burgdorferi. Most studies focused on the mechanism of VlsE antigen variation, but little is known about VlsE regulation and factor(s) that regulates differential vlsE expression. In this study, we investigated BB0025, a putative YebC family transcriptional regulator (and hence designated BB0025 as YebC of B. burgdorferi herein). We constructed yebC mutant and complemented strain in an infectious strain of B. burgdorferi. The yebC mutant could infect immunocompromised SCID mice but not immunocompetent mice, suggesting that YebC plays an important role in evading host adaptive immunity. RNA-seq analyses identified vlsE as one of the genes whose expression was most affected by YebC. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analyses confirmed that vlsE expression was dependent on YebC. In vitro, YebC and VlsE were co-regulated in response to growth temperature. In mice, both yebC and vlsE were inversely expressed with ospC in response to the host adaptive immune response. Furthermore, EMSA proved that YebC directly binds to the vlsE promoter, suggesting a direct transcriptional control. These data demonstrate that YebC is a new regulator that modulates expression of vlsE and other genes important for spirochetal infection and immune evasion in the mammalian host.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA