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1.
Epilepsy Behav ; 122: 108159, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the semiology of seizure disorders, including electroencephalographic characteristics, and seizure outcomes in participants with anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI-1) encephalitis. METHODS: Seventy participants who presented with seizures during the acute phase of anti-LGI-1 encephalitis at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 2013 to July 2020 were reviewed. All participants underwent follow-up for longer than 2 years. RESULTS: At the time of presentation, 48 (68.6%) participants had generalized seizures and 57 (81.4%) had focal seizures. The most common focal motor seizures were faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FDS). The main manifestations of focal nonmotor seizures were dyscognitive features, goosebumps, and disorders of sensation. All participants received immunomodulatory therapy. Thirty-five (50%) participants were seizure free after 1 year of follow-up, and 48 (68.6%) participants were seizure free over a follow-up of 2 years. Participants with seizures continued longer than 1 year were older than participants whose seizure duration was shorter than 1 year (P = 0.021). However, after an extended follow-up period, the difference between the incidences of seizures based on age was not significant. The frequency of focal motor seizures was higher in participants who became seizure free within 1 year, compared to participants who had seizures for longer than 1 year (75% vs 54.3%, respectively; P = 0.015). Participants with seizures continued over 2 years tended to have focal nonmotor seizures, and tended to show an elevated incidence of abnormal EEG results. Participants receiving early corticosteroid and longer duration immunosuppressant treatments, tended to have a lower risk of persistent seizures and better seizure outcomes, with no statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Most participants obtained remission from seizures after immunomodulatory therapy. The seizure manifestation of anti-LGI1 encephalitis is diverse and variable. The type of focal seizures may affect the outcome of participants with seizures. Older age could lead to longer duration of the seizure disorder, but did not affect the rate of seizures over the long term. Early and prolonged administration of immunomodulatory therapy may be useful for shortening the time to becoming seizure free.

2.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(3): 482-490, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230949

RESUMO

S100 calcium binding protein A9 (S100A9) is involved in a variety of biological processes such as inflammation and tumor cell migration and invasion regulation. The purpose of this study was to construct S100A9 gene-edited mice by using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, thereby providing an animal model for exploring the biological functions of this gene. According to the S100A9 gene sequence, the single-stranded small guide RNA (sgRNA) targeting exons 2 and 3 was transcribed in vitro, and a mixture of Cas9 mRNA and candidate sgRNA was injected into mouse fertilized eggs by microinjection. Early embryos were obtained and transferred to surrogate mice, and F0 mice were obtained and identified by PCR identification and gene sequencing. F0 mice were further mated with wild-type C57BL/6 mice to obtain F1 heterozygous mice, and then homozygous offspring were obtained through F1 mice self-crossing. Real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used to verify the expression and distribution of S100A9. In order to observe the pathological changes of mouse lung tissue using HE staining, an allergic asthma model was induced by ovalbumin from chicken egg white (OVA). The results showed that the 2 492 bp of exons 2, 3 of the S100A9 gene was successfully knocked out, and S100A9-/- mice with stable inheritance were obtained. Furthermore, it was found that S100A9 gene was highly expressed in the lung and spleen of wild-type mice. The expression of S100A9 mRNA and protein was not detected in the lung and spleen of S100A9-/- mice. However, compared with wild-type mice, the lungs of S100A9-/- mice showed a significantly worse inflammatory phenotype, and the proportion of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was significantly increased in response to the treatment of OVA. These results suggest we have successfully constructed a new strain of S100A9-/- mice, and preliminarily confirmed that the lack of S100A9 function can aggravate airway inflammation in asthmatic mice, providing a new mouse model for further study of S100A9 gene function.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Marcação de Genes , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Calgranulina B , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Pulmão , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Ovalbumina , Fenótipo
3.
Cell Res ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239070

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is a prevalent and highly lethal form of glioma, with rapid tumor progression and frequent recurrence. Excessive outgrowth of pericytes in GBM governs the ecology of the perivascular niche, but their function in mediating chemoresistance has not been fully explored. Herein, we uncovered that pericytes potentiate DNA damage repair (DDR) in GBM cells residing in the perivascular niche, which induces temozolomide (TMZ) chemoresistance. We found that increased pericyte proportion correlates with accelerated tumor recurrence and worse prognosis. Genetic depletion of pericytes in GBM xenografts enhances TMZ-induced cytotoxicity and prolongs survival of tumor-bearing mice. Mechanistically, C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) secreted by pericytes activates C-C motif chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) on GBM cells to enable DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs)-mediated DDR upon TMZ treatment. Disrupting CCL5-CCR5 paracrine signaling through the brain-penetrable CCR5 antagonist maraviroc (MVC) potently inhibits pericyte-promoted DDR and effectively improves the chemotherapeutic efficacy of TMZ. GBM patient-derived xenografts with high CCL5 expression benefit from combined treatment with TMZ and MVC. Our study reveals the role of pericytes as an extrinsic stimulator potentiating DDR signaling in GBM cells and suggests that targeting CCL5-CCR5 signaling could be an effective therapeutic strategy to improve chemotherapeutic efficacy against GBM.

4.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 170: 112663, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218032

RESUMO

We investigated the contamination levels of nine heavy metals (Mn, Pb, V, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, and As) in 153 surface sediment samples collected along five tidal flats on the North Jiangsu coast, China. The spatial distributions of most heavy metals gradually decreased from the northern Sheyang region to the southern Jianggang region, while slightly increasing in the Rudong region. Principal component analysis indicated that Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, and As were mainly derived from the natural environment, V and Cr were mainly derived from human activities. Additionally, Mn and Pb influenced by both natural and human sources. The geo-accumulation index and the contamination factor indicated that heavy metal contamination in the sediments exhibited little to no pollution levels. The potential ecological risk index exhibiting low ecological risks. Meanwhile, the mean probable effect level quotient values indicating slight toxicity. Cr and Ni were the major contributors to toxicity.

5.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are associated with microbiome changes of the gut, which in turn may affect the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aims to assess the associations between PPI use and all-cause and CRC-specific mortality. METHODS: We selected all patients registered in the Swedish Prescribed Drug Registry who were diagnosed with CRC between 2006 and 2012 (N = 32,411, 54.9% PPI users) and subsequently followed them through register linkage to the Swedish Causes of Death Registry until December 2013. PPI users were patients with ≥1 post-diagnosis PPI dispensation. Time-dependent Cox-regression models were performed with PPI use as time-varying exposure. RESULTS: Overall 4746 (14.0%) patients died, with an aHR of 1.38 (95% CI 1.32-1.44) for all-cause mortality comparing PPI users with PPI nonusers. Higher-magnitude associations were observed among male, cancer stage 0-I, rectal cancer and patients receiving CRC surgery. The PPI-all-cause mortality association was also more pronounced comparing new users to non-users (aHR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.40-1.55) than comparing continuous users to non-users (aHR = 1.32, 95%CI 1.24-1.39). The risk estimates for CRC-specific mortality comparing PPI users to PPI nonusers were similar to those for all-cause mortality. CONCLUSION: PPI use after the CRC diagnosis was associated with increased all-cause and CRC-specific mortality.

6.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 907: 174275, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214582

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a malignant epithelial tumor of ductal or lobular origin. Breast cancer remains the most frequently diagnosed invasive cancer in women and is the leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a phenotypic process of conversion from epithelial to mesenchymal cells, allows tumor cells to acquire infiltration and metastasization properties. Therapies directed at pathways, which are primarily involved in malignant transformation, can lead to clinical implications. In recent years, EMT has gained increasing attention as a potential therapeutic target in cancer therapy. Moreover, for the past few decades, increasing numbers of studies have suggested that Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) compounds can significantly inhibit the growth and development of breast cancer cells through the inhibition of EMT in breast cancer cells. This review discusses some essential signaling pathways associated with EMT and summarizes the effects and mechanism of TCM components on that inhibit EMT in breast cancer therapy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228609

RESUMO

The genus Flavobacterium (family Flavobacteriaceae) can be found in diverse environments. In this study, seven novel strains were isolated from glaciers in PR China and subjected to taxonomic research. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene revealed that the strains belonged to the genus Flavobacterium. None of the seven strains grew at temperatures above 22 °C, indicating that they are psychrophilic. Furthermore, the average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of the seven strains were calculated and indicated that they represented two novel species in Flavobacterium. Strain LB3P56T was most closely related to Flavobacterium soyangense IMCC26223T (97.70 %) and strain GSP16T was most closely related to Flavobacterium sinopsychrotolerans 0533T (98.03 %). The ANI values between the two Flavobacterium strains and their closest relatives were less than 83.47 %, which was much lower than the threshold for species delineation of 95-96 %. Therefore, we propose two novel species, Flavobacterium franklandianum sp. nov. (LB3P56T=CGMCC 1.11934T=NBRC 113651T) and Flavobacterium gawalongense sp. nov. (GSP16T=CGMCC 1.24642T=NBRC 113664T).


Assuntos
Flavobacterium/classificação , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacterium/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet
8.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 49(1): 556-564, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278886

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis (RF) is a pathological process of progression from chronic kidney disease to end-stage renal disease. Amygdalus mongolica is a traditional Chinese medicine, and our previous studies demonstrated that the n-butanol extract (BUT) and amygdalin extract (AMY) from its seeds can prevent RF. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The present study investigated the exact mechanism of the protective effect of A. mongolica on RF. A renal fibrosis rat model was induced with unilateral ureteral obstruction. Biochemical indicators were measured and combined with histopathology of renal tissue to evaluate the anti-RF effects. A serum metabonomic method was used to clarify the changes in the metabolic profile. The tubulointerstitial damage and fibrosis were significantly improved and metabolic perturbations were restored after treatment with BUT and AMY. Thirty-eight metabolites associated with RF progression and related to the regulation of arginine and proline metabolism, nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, and histidine metabolism were identified. They were restored to levels similar to those in controls after treatment. Moreover, no significant differences in efficacy were observed between the BUT and AMY groups. This study reveals and compares the potential mechanisms of the renoprotective effects after treatment with BUT and AMY from a metabolomic perspective.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279165

RESUMO

Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has a complex genetic origin, and how immune dysregulation may contribute to ALS etiology remain unclear. Given the roles played by apolipoprotein E (APOE) signaling in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration, an improved knowledge of the association between APOE genotypes and ALS risk in Chinese population may help to understand the underlying etiology of the disease. Methods: A retrospective case-control study with participants of Chinese ancestry was conducted, with a total of 683 ALS patients and 369 healthy controls analyzed for APOE genotypes using Sanger sequencing. In addition, 282 of these patients were further analyzed for known ALS risk variants and rare deleterious variants related to immune disorders via whole exome sequencing. Results: Among the 683 ALS patients analyzed (346 males, 337 females; mean age at onset [SD]: 51.9 [10.9]), 145 patients (21.1%) carried ε4, the proportion of which was significantly higher than 16.0% in controls (59/369; OR, 1.42; 95%CI, 1.02-1.98; p = 0.02). There is no evidence supporting the association between APOE genotypes and disease phenotypes. We also didn't find any enrichment of currently known ALS risk variants or variants in genes related to immune abnormality in specific APOE genotypes. Conclusion: Our study highlighted the importance of trans-ethnic studies in identifying genetic risk factors, and the relevance of APOE in ALS etiopathogenesis in Chinese population.

10.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(13)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279252

RESUMO

A mathematical model coupled with electromagnetic field has been developed to simulate the transient turbulence flow and initial solidification in a slab continuous casting mold under different electromagnetic stirring (EMS) currents and casting speeds. Through comparing the magnetic flux density, flow field with measured results, the reliability of the mathematical model is proved. The uniform index of solidified shell thickness has been introduced to judge the uniformity of the solidified shell. The results show that a horizonal recirculation flow has been generated when EMS is applied, and either accelerated or decelerated regions of flow field are formed in the liquid pool. Large EMS current and low casting speed may cause the plug flow near the mold narrow face and a suitable EMS current can benefit to the uniform growth of solidified shell. Meanwhile, an industrial test exhibits that EMS can weaken the level fluctuation and number density of inclusion. Overall, a rational EMS current range is gained, when the casting speed is 1.2 m/min, the rational EMS current is 500-600 A.

11.
Mutat Res ; 867: 503370, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266630

RESUMO

In order to assess the health risk of low-dose radiation to radiation professionals, monitoring is performed through chromosomal aberration analysis and micronuclei (MN) analysis. MN formation has drawbacks for monitoring in the low-dose range. Nucleoplasmic bridge (NPB) analysis, with a lower background level, has good dose-response relationships at both high and relatively low dose ranges. Dicentric and ring chromosomes were analyzed in 199 medical radiation professionals, and NPB/MN yields were analyzed in 205 radiation professionals. The effects of sex, age of donor, types of work, and length of service on these cytogenetic endpoints were also analyzed. The yields of the three cytogenetic endpoints were significantly higher in radiation professionals versus controls. Frequencies of dicentric plus ring chromosomes were affected by length of service. NPB frequencies were influenced by type of work and length of service. MN yields were affected not only by types of work and length of service but also by donor sex and age. In conclusion, dicentric plus ring chromosomes, NPB, and MN can be induced by low-dose radiation in radiation professionals. NPB is a potential biomarker to assess the health risk of occupational low-dose radiation exposure.

12.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Danhong Injection (, DH) on the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and myocardial injury in patients with unstable angina undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with unstable angina were randomly divided into DH group (39 cases) and the control group (39 cases) during elective PCI. Randomization was performed using a random-number table. The DH group received DH at a dosage of 40 mL (mixed with 250 mL saline, covered by a light-proof bag, intravenous drip) during PCI and daily for 7 consecutive days, while the control group only received the same dosage of saline. Both groups received standardized treatment. The IMR and fractional flow reserve (FFR) were measured at maximal hyperemia before and after PCI. Myocardial markers, including myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase MB (CK-MB), and coronary troponin T (cTnT) values were measured at baseline and 24 h after PCI. RESULTS: Among the 78 patients enrolled, the baseline and procedural characteristics were similar between the two groups. There was no significant difference in pre-PCI myocardial markers and coronary physiological indexes between the two groups. However, post-PCI CK and CK-MB levels in the DH group were significantly lower than those in the control group (111.97 ± 80.97 vs. 165.47 ± 102.99, P=0.013; 13.08 ± 6.90 vs. 19.75 ± 15.49, P=0.016). Post-PCI myoglobin and cTNT-positive tend to be lower in the DH group than in the control group but did not reach statistical significance (88.07 ± 52.36 vs. 108.13 ± 90.94, P=0.52; 2.56% vs.7.69%, P=0.065). Compared with the control group, the post-IMR levels of the DH group tended to decrease, but there was no statistical difference (20.73 ± 13.15 vs. 26.37 ± 12.31, P=0.05). There were no statistical differences in post-FFR in both groups. The peri-procedural myocardial injury of the DH group was significantly lower than that of the control group (2.56% vs. 15.38%, P=0.025). During the 30-d follow-up period, no major adverse cardiovascular events occurred in either group. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated benefit of DH in reducing myocardial injury and potential preserving microvascular function in patients with unstable angina undergoing elective PCI.

13.
Microb Cell Fact ; 20(1): 132, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Attenuated Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) has been widely used as a vaccine vector in the prevention and treatment of pathogen infection and tumor diseases. In addition, previous studies have proved that the attenuated Lm can protect zebrafish from Vibrio infections, indicating that the attenuated Lm has a good application prospect in the field of aquatic vaccines. However, the limitation mainly lies in the lack of a set of well-characterized natural promoters for the expression of target antigens in attenuated Lm. RESULTS: In our study, candidate strong promoters were identified through RNA-seq analysis, and characterized in Lm through enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). Nine native promoters that showed stronger activities than that of the known strong promoter P36 under two tested temperatures (28 and 37 °C) were selected from the set, and P29 with the highest activity was 24-fold greater than P36. Furthermore, we demonstrated that P29 could initiate EGFP expression in ZF4 cells and zebrafish embryos. CONCLUSIONS: This well-characterized promoter library can be used to fine-tune the expression of different proteins in Lm. The availability of a well-characterized promoter toolbox of Lm is essential for the analysis of yield increase for biotechnology applications.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229561

RESUMO

The presence of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) esters and 2-MCPD esters in infant formulas have raised a number of food safety concerns. Here, a dietary exposure assessment was conducted for 3-and 2-MCPD esters in infant formulas available for consumption in Chinese infant and toddlers aged 0-3 years old. This work presents the occurrence data for 3-and 2-MCPD ester in 874 infant formulas purchased in China between 2015 and 2017. The concentrations of 3-MCPD esters ranged from ND to 1.469 mg/kg, with concentrations of 2-MCPD esters ranging from ND to 0.218 mg/kg. The LODs of 3-and 2-MCPD esters were 0.027-0.074 mg/kg. The mean exposures of infants and toddlers to 3-MCPD esters from formulas were lower than the tolerable daily intake (TDI, 2 µg/kg bw/day, established by EFSA), while high exposures (95th percentile) to 3-MCPD esters ranged from 0.907 to 2.520 µg/kg bw/day. On the whole, the health risk of Chinese infant and toddlers exposed to 3-MCPD esters was low, but the health risk of some infants aged 0-6 months with high formula consumption (95th percentile) raises some concern.

15.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199575

RESUMO

Imbalance of protein homeostasis, with excessive protein degradation compared with protein synthesis, leads to the development of muscle atrophy resulting in a decrease in muscle mass and consequent muscle weakness and disability. Potential triggers of muscle atrophy include inflammation, malnutrition, aging, cancer, and an unhealthy lifestyle such as sedentariness and high fat diet. Nutraceuticals with preventive and therapeutic effects against muscle atrophy have recently received increasing attention since they are potentially more suitable for long-term use. The implementation of nutraceutical intervention might aid in the development and design of precision medicine strategies to reduce the burden of muscle atrophy. In this review, we will summarize the current knowledge on the importance of nutraceuticals in the prevention of skeletal muscle mass loss and recovery of muscle function. We also highlight the cellular and molecular mechanisms of these nutraceuticals and their possible pharmacological use, which is of great importance for the prevention and treatment of muscle atrophy.

16.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(14): 9895-9904, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247484

RESUMO

The biotransformation of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in white lupin (Lupinus albus) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was investigated in hydroponic experiments with different phosphorus (P)-containing conditions. The hydrolysis rates of OPEs followed the order of triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) > tri-n-butyl phosphate (TnBP) > tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP). Hydrolysis of OPEs was accelerated at P-deficient conditions, and faster hydrolysis took place in white lupin than in wheat. Coincidingly, the production of acid phosphatase (ACP) in both plants was promoted, and much higher intracellular and extracellular ACPs were observed in white lupin under P-deficient conditions. In vitro experiments revealed that ACP was a key enzyme to hydrolyze OPEs. The hydrolysis rates of OPEs were significantly correlated with the Hirshfeld charges, calculated by density functional theory, of the oxygen atom in the single P-O bond. Using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Orbitrap Fusion mass spectrometer, 30 metabolites were successfully identified. Some of these metabolites, such as sulfate-conjugated products, hydration of cysteine-conjugated products of TPHP, and reductively dechlorinated metabolites of TDCPP, were observed for the first time in plants. It is noteworthy that OPEs may transform into many hydroxylated metabolites, and special attention should be paid to their potential environmental effects.

18.
J Vis Exp ; (173)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279507

RESUMO

Brown and beige adipocytes are now recognized as potential therapeutic targets for obesity and metabolic syndromes. Non-invasive molecular imaging methods are essential to provide critical insights into these thermogenic adipose depots. Here, the protocol presents a PET/MR imaging-based method to evaluate the activity of brown and beige adipocytes in mouse interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT) and inguinal subcutaneous white adipose tissue (iWAT). Visualization and quantification of the thermogenic adipose depots were achieved using [18F]FDG, the non-metabolizable glucose analog, as the radiotracer, when combined with the precise anatomical information provided by MR imaging. The PET/MR imaging was conducted 7 days after cold acclimation and quantitation of [18F]FDG signal in different adipose depots was conducted to assess the relative mobilization of thermogenic adipose tissues. Removal of iBAT substantially increased cold-evoked [18F]FDG uptake in iWAT of the mice.

19.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 206: 111943, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243031

RESUMO

The strategy of laser beam expansion was used to rapidly prepare nanogels by photopolymerization at 532 nm under low monomer concentration. According to the unique micellar morphology formed by amphiphilic polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA) in water, the monomer concentration was largely decreased to increase the distance of micellar aggregates. In this case, the photo-crosslinking could prefer to occur inside the micelles instead of crosslinking between the micellar aggregates. The variations of double bond content with reaction time in different beam expansion experiments were investigated. Finally, nanogels with uniform size could be rapidly prepared by regulating the reaction parameters, including monomer concentration, reaction time and power density.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264808

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, yellow bacterium, designated as LB1R16T, was isolated from the Laigu glacier on the Tibetan Plateau, PR China. Strain LB1R16T was catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and grew at 0-28 °C, pH 6.0-8.0 and in the absence of NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain LB1R16T belongs to the family Sphingosinicellaceae but formed an independent lineage. The highest level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities were found to Polymorphobacter arshaanensis DJ1R-1T (95.24 %), Sphingoaurantiacus capsulatus YLT33T (94.78 %) and Sandarakinorhabdus limnophila DSM 17366T (94.67 %). The genomic DNA G+C content was 68.8 mol%. The main cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and C12 : 0-OH. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, one sphingoglycolipid, one unidentified aminolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified polar lipids, which were different from the type strains of Polymorphobacter arshaanensis, Sphingoaurantiacus capsulatus and Sandarakinorhabdus limnophila. Based on a polyphasic approach, a novel species of a new genus, Glacieibacterium frigidum gen. nov., sp. nov., within the family Sphingosinicellaceae is proposed. The type strain is LB1R16T (=CGMCC 1.11941T=NBRC 113873T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
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