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1.
Front Genet ; 13: 927614, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092911

RESUMO

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) are derived from the mucosal linings of the upper aerodigestive tract, salivary glands, thyroid, oropharynx, larynx, and hypopharynx. The present study aimed to identify the novel genes and pathways underlying HNSCC. Despite the advances in HNSCC research, diagnosis, and treatment, its incidence continues to rise, and the mortality of advanced HNSCC is expected to increase by 50%. Therefore, there is an urgent need for effective biomarkers to predict HNSCC patients' prognosis and provide guidance to the personalized treatment. Methods: Both HNSCC clinical and gene expression data were abstracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Intersecting analysis was adopted between the gene expression matrix of HNSCC patients from TCGA database to extract TME-related genes. Differential gene expression analysis between HNSCC tissue samples and normal tissue samples was performed by R software. Then, HNSCC patients were categorized into clusters 1 and 2 via NMF. Next, TME-related prognosis genes (p < 0.05) were analyzed by univariate Cox regression analysis, LASSO Cox regression analysis, and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Finally, nine genes were selected to construct a prognostic risk model and a prognostic gene signature. We also established a nomogram using relevant clinical parameters and a risk score. The Kaplan-Meier curve, survival analysis, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, decision curve analysis (DCA), and the concordance index (C-index) were carried out to assess the accuracy of the prognostic risk model and nomogram. Potential molecular mechanisms were revealed by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Additionally, gene correlation analysis and immune cell correlation analysis were conducted for further enriching our results. Results: A novel HNSCC prognostic model was established based on the nine genes (GTSE1, LRRN4CL, CRYAB, SHOX2, ASNS, KRT23, ANGPT2, HOXA9, and CARD11). The value of area under the ROC curves (AUCs) (0.769, 0.841, and 0.816) in TCGA whole set showed that the model effectively predicted the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS). Results of the Cox regression assessment confirmed the nine-gene signature as a reliable independent prognostic factor in HNSCC patients. The prognostic nomogram developed using multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a superior C-index over other clinical signatures. Also, the calibration curve had a high level of concordance between estimated OS and the observed OS. This showed that its clinical net can precisely estimate the one-, three-, and five-year OS in HNSCC patients. The gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) to some extent revealed the immune- and tumor-linked cascades. Conclusion: In conclusion, the TME-related nine-gene signature and nomogram can effectively improve the estimation of prognosis in patients with HNSCC.

2.
Chem Sci ; 13(32): 9366-9372, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093004

RESUMO

The direct coupling of dinitrogen (N2) and methane (CH4) to construct the N-C bond is a fascinating but challenging approach for the energy-saving synthesis of N-containing organic compounds. Herein we identified a likely reaction pathway for N-C coupling from N2 and CH4 mediated by heteronuclear metal cluster anions CoTaC2 -, which starts with the dissociative adsorption of N2 on CoTaC2 - to generate a Ta δ+-Nt δ- (terminal-nitrogen) Lewis acid-base pair (LABP), followed by the further activation of CH4 by CoTaC2N2 - to construct the N-C bond. The N[triple bond, length as m-dash]N cleavage by CoTaC2 - affording two N atoms with strong charge buffering ability plays a key part, which facilitates the H3C-H cleavage via the LABP mechanism and the N-C formation via a CH3 migration mechanism. A novel Nt triggering strategy to couple N2 and CH4 molecules using metal clusters was accordingly proposed, which provides a new idea for the direct synthesis of N-containing compounds.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 377-387, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087553

RESUMO

Poly(aryl piperidinium) (PAP) anion exchange membranes (AEMs) furnish an important avenue for the commercialization of anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs), but their ionic conductivity and alkali resistance still need to be improved. Here, we report the synthesis of PAP AEMs with a branched structure by the acid-catalyzed reaction and compare them with the main-chain AEMs. The experimental results show that the branched AEMs have higher OH- conductivity and alkaline resistance than the poly(terphenyl piperidine) (PTPQ1) AEM. The alkaline stability and OH- conductivity of the AEMs were further improved by a flexible multi-cation crosslinker. The results show that the branched poly(p-terphenyl triphenylmethane 1-methyl piperidine) membrane crosslinked by multi-cation (PTTPQ4-40) shows an excellent OH- conductivity (155.3 mS cm-1) at 80 °C. The OH- conductivity of the PTTPQ4-40 membrane was maintained at 92.1% after soaking in 2 M NaOH for 1080 h at 80 °C. In addition, the peak power density (PPD) of the crosslinked PTTPQ4-40 membrane can reach 656.7 mW cm-2. Compared to the PTPQ1 AEM, the PPD of the crosslinked PTTPQ4-40 AEM is increased by 38.6% in H2-O2. All of the results confirm that the PTTPQ4-40 AEM has excellent fuel cell application prospects.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30325, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107518

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Intracranial infections are associated with high morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients, due to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Establishing a rapid, accurate diagnosis and a precise therapeutic regimen is crucial for management of the patients. Our report described a rare intracranial infection of patient with nephrotic syndrome. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 66-year-old woman with a history of nephrotic syndrome presented symptoms in central nervous system for 1 month, followed by headache and fever over several days. DIAGNOSIS: Neurological examination, brain imaging, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests exhibited resemblance to intracranial infection. Subsequently, CSF cultures confirmed the presence of Cryptococcus. Fortunately, next-generation sequencing revealed the concomitant infection with Nocardia farcinica in addition to Cryptococcus neoformans. INTERVENTIONS: The treatment with intravenous fluconazole combined with amphotericin could not immediately ameliorate her symptoms. The patient's condition improved significantly with minimal deficits after timely administration of antibiotics against N farcinica. OUTCOMES: One month later, cranial MRI indicated that basal ganglia lesions ameliorated. The patient has recovered well. LESSONS SUBSECTIONS: To our best knowledge, this is the first case report of intracranial infection caused by both N farcinica and C neoformans in a patient with nephrotic syndrome. Remarkably, extensive application of next-generation sequencing can facilitate investigation on the potential role of various pathogenic organisms in infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Criptococose , Cryptococcus neoformans , Síndrome Nefrótica , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criptococose/tratamento farmacológico , Cryptococcus neoformans/genética , Feminino , Fluconazol/uso terapêutico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Síndrome Nefrótica/complicações , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Nocardia
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121742

RESUMO

The behavior of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in plants has drawn considerable attention because of their adverse effects to biota. However, the root uptake pathways and cell wall accumulation mechanisms of OPEs in plants are still unclear. In this study, the uptake pathways, subcellular distribution, and accumulation mechanisms of OPEs in wheat roots were elucidated. The results demonstrated that the symplast is the major pathway for uptake of both tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) and triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) in wheat roots. Inhibitor experiments showed that the transmembrane transport of OPEs is a passive uptake process, and aquaporins and carrier proteins contribute to the uptake of OPEs. More than 69% of TCEP was accumulated in cell sap due to its high hydrophilicity, while the hydrophobic TPHP was mainly stored in the root cell wall. The sorption affinity of TPHP decreased gradually following the sequential fractionation of wheat roots, which confirmed the significant contribution to TPHP sorption on wheat roots. A significant positive correlation between the sorption affinity values and the percentage of aromatic carbon was observed (r2 = 0.856, p < 0.01), indicating that the accumulation of hydrophobic OPEs in roots does not just depend on lipids alone, but the aromatic moieties of lignin in the cell wall also contribute to OPE accumulation.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126811

RESUMO

The intestinal barrier is integral to the host's defense, and disrupting its integrity contributes to gut and systemic diseases. Lactobacillus plantarum has been widely reported to exhibit a protective effect on the gut barrier. However, the strain-specific mechanism of this bacterium's function remains unclear. This study characterized the regulative effects of 55 L. plantarum strains on the intestinal barrier using TNF-α-induced Caco-2 cells and a dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis animal model and found that the regulative effect is strain-specific. Comparative genomic analysis suggested that the ability of L. plantarum to regulate the intestinal barrier is exerted in part by genes encoding proteins associated with polysaccharide synthesis. This observation was verified using surface protein/capsular polysaccharides separation experiments. Structural analysis of capsular polysaccharides showed that molecular weight and mole ratios of monosaccharide compositions may play important roles in strain-specific protective effects on the gut barrier. This study identified different effects of L. plantarum strains on intestinal barrier dysfunction and proved that this regulative ability relies on the characteristic of the capsular polysaccharides of the strains. Thus, our data provided genetic targets and molecular for screening L. plantarum strains with the ability to protect the gut barrier, and suggested the capsular polysaccharides of L. plantarum may be explored as a potential functional food component against intestinal barrier dysfunction.

7.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 355-360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish an effective nomogram to predict the survival of heat stroke (HS) based on risk factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational multicenter cohort study. We analyzed patients diagnosed with HS, who were treated between May 1 and September 30, 2018 at 15 tertiary hospitals from 11 cities in Northern China. RESULTS: Among the 175 patients, 32 patients (18.29%) died before hospital discharge. After the univariate analysis, mechanical ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg, maximum heart rate, lab results on day 1 (white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine), and Glasgow admission prediction score were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate Cox regression showed that invasive ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and Glasgow admission prediction score were independent risk factors for HS. The nomogram was established for predicting 7-d and 14-d survival in the training cohort. The nomogram exhibited a concordance index (C-index) of 0.880 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.831-0.930) by bootstrapping validation (B=1,000). Furthermore, the nomogram performed better when predicting 14-d survival, compared to 7-d survival. The prognostic index cut-off value was set at 2.085, according to the operating characteristic curve for overall survival prediction. The model showed good calibration ability in the internal and external validation datasets. CONCLUSION: A novel nomogram, integrated with prognostic factors, was proposed; it was highly predictive of the survival in HS patients.

8.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(8): 3760-3779, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119812

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in adolescents and children. The pathogenesis of this disease is complex and the mechanisms involved have not been fully elucidated. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), as a member of the α-rhodopsin inhibitory protein family, can combine with thioredoxin to inhibit its antioxidant function. This process inhibits glucose absorption and metabolic rearrangement necessary for the regulation of cellular growth. In recent years, TXNIP has emerged as a new candidate target for tumors. However, the biological function and role of TXNIP in OS remains unclear. This study confirmed the low expression of TXNIP in OS tissues and cells, which was significantly related to the poor survival rate and clinical characteristics of patients with OS. Various cell phenotype experiments have shown that TXNIP inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OS cells, and promotes their apoptosis. Further studies found that the tumor suppressor effect of TXNIP was mediated by upregulating DNA damage-inducible transcript 4 (DDIT4) and inhibiting the phosphorylation of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) downstream substrate S6. Based on the above, our study explored the key role of TXNIP/DDIT4/mTORC1 suppression as a regulatory axis in the progression of OS, and laid the foundation for precise targeted therapy for OS.

9.
Methods ; 207: 29-37, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087888

RESUMO

DNA-binding proteins actively participate in life activities such as DNA replication, recombination, gene expression and regulation and play a prominent role in these processes. As DNA-binding proteins continue to be discovered and increase, it is imperative to design an efficient and accurate identification tool. Considering the time-consuming and expensive traditional experimental technology and the insufficient number of samples in the biological computing method based on structural information, we proposed a machine learning algorithm based on sequence information to identify DNA binding proteins, named multi-view Least Squares Support Vector Machine via Hilbert-Schmidt Independence Criterion (multi-view LSSVM via HSIC). This method took 6 feature sets as multi-view input and trains a single view through the LSSVM algorithm. Then, we integrated HSIC into LSSVM as a regular term to reduce the dependence between views and explored the complementary information of multiple views. Subsequently, we trained and coordinated the submodels and finally combined the submodels in the form of weights to obtain the final prediction model. On training set PDB1075, the prediction results of our model were better than those of most existing methods. Independent tests are conducted on the datasets PDB186 and PDB2272. The accuracy of the prediction results was 85.5% and 79.36%, respectively. This result exceeded the current state-of-the-art methods, which showed that the multi-view LSSVM via HSIC can be used as an efficient predictor.

10.
Front Chem ; 10: 988587, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118323

RESUMO

Environmental pollution caused by rapid industrial activities are becoming increasingly drastic, particularly its impact on soil and plant health. The present study was conducted to investigate the heavy metal (loid) (As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn) concentrations in soils and food biomass crops and estimate the potential health risks of metals to humans via consumption of contaminated food biomass crops from Shifang, a periurban agricultural areas in the Chengdu Plain, Sichuan, China. Results revealed that the soils have been experiencing a substantial accumulation of heavy metals, especially for Cd, with a mean of 0.84 mg kg-1, about six times higher than the background values, of which 98% exceeded the pollution warning threshold of the China Soil Environmental Quality Standards. A total of 78% of all the grain part failed the national food standard for Cd. No significantly positive relationships between metal levels in food biomass crops and in the corresponding soils, indicated metals enrichment in soils were not entirely reflected to crops contaminant burdens. Estimated daily intake (EDI) of all the metals except for Pb, exceeded the oral reference dose (RfD) or the minimal risk levels recommended by USEPA and ATSDR. Target hazard quotients (THQs) of all the metals except for Cd was less than one indicated that potential health risk to the local inhabitant originated mainly from Cd exposure via cereals consumption. Mitigation strategies to curtail Cd-contaminated soils and crops Cd burdens need careful tailoring to meet the needs of health and safety in this region.

11.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1677, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) were introduced in the US in 2000 (PCV7) and 2010 (PCV13). This study estimated the annual incidence rates (IRs) and time trends of IPD to quantify the burden of disease in children before and after the introduction of PCV7 and PCV13 in the US. METHODS: IPD episodes were identified in the IBM MarketScan Commercial and Medicaid Databases using claims with International Classification of Diseases 9/10th Revision, Clinical Modification codes. Annual IRs were calculated as the number of IPD episodes/100,000 person-years (PYs) for children < 18 years and by age group (< 2, 2-4, and 5-17 years). National estimates of annual IPD IRs were extrapolated using Census Bureau data. Interrupted time series (ITS) analyses were conducted to assess immediate and gradual changes in IPD IRs before and after introduction of PCV7 and PCV13. RESULTS: In commercially insured children, IPD IRs decreased from 9.4 to 2.8 episodes/100,000 PY between the pre-PCV7 (1998-1999) and late PCV13 period (2014-2018) overall, and from 65.6 to 11.6 episodes/100,000 PY in children < 2 years. In the Medicaid population, IPD IRs decreased from 11.3 to 4.2 episodes/100,000 PY between the early PCV7 (2001-2005) and late PCV13 period overall, and from 42.6 to 12.8 episodes/100,000 PY in children < 2 years. The trends of IRs for meningitis, bacteremia, and bacteremic pneumonia followed the patterns of overall IPD episodes. The ITS analyses indicated significant decreases in the early PCV7 period, increases in the late PCV7 and decreases in the early PCV13 period in commercially insured children overall. However, increases were also observed in the late PCV13 period in children < 2 years. The percentage of cases with underlying risk factors increased in both populations. CONCLUSIONS: IRs of IPD decreased from 1998 to 2018, following introduction of PCV7 and PCV13, with larger declines during the early PCV7 and early PCV13 periods, and among younger children. However, the residual burden of IPD remains substantial. The impact of future PCVs on IPD IRs will depend on the proportion of vaccine-type serotypes and vaccine effectiveness in children with underlying conditions.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Seguro , Infecções Pneumocócicas , Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Criança , Vacina Pneumocócica Conjugada Heptavalente , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Medicaid , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/uso terapêutico , Sorogrupo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vacinas Conjugadas
12.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(8): 5812-5822, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Liver fibrosis is a frequently occurring liver injury which lacks of effective treatment clinically. Here, we investigated the protective effects of a novel compound Gorse isoflavone alkaloid (GIA) against liver fibrosis. METHODS: Totally forty rats were randomly divided into four groups. Then we established a model of liver fibrosis induced by the intragastric administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). This treated group was followed by the intragastric administration of GIA and colchicine. Then the liver index and spleen index, and liver function indexes were detected by kit. Western blotting assay was performed to estimate the expression of Transforming Growth Factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and related proteins. Tissue fibrosis was observed by Masson staining. RESULTS: Our results suggested that GIA reduced the deposition of collagen fibres and the fibrosis index hydroxyproline (Hyp) of liver tissue. Furthermore, we found that GIA significantly decreased the expression of Transforming Growth Factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and the ratio of p-smad2/3 to smad2/3, enhanced the level of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and decreased the concentration of malonic dialdehyde (MDA) in the liver. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed that GIA has a beneficial effect to resist the liver fibrosis, and could be ideal for potential use in antifibrotic drugs for the liver.

13.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 16: 996379, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106011

RESUMO

Drug abuse is considered a maladaptive pathology of emotional memory and is associated with craving and relapse induced by drug-associated stimuli or drugs. Reconsolidation is an independent memory process with a strict time window followed by the reactivation of drug-associated stimulus depending on the basolateral amygdala (BLA). Pharmacology or behavior treatment that disrupts the reconsolidation can effectively attenuate drug-seeking in addicts. Here, we hypothesized that heroin-memory reconsolidation requires cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) of BLA based on the fundamental effect of PKA in synaptic plasticity and memory process. After 10 days of acquisition, the rats underwent 11 days of extinction training and then received the intra-BLA infusions of the PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMPS at different time windows with/without a reactivation session. The results show that PKA inhibitor treatment in the reconsolidation time window disrupts the reconsolidation and consequently reduces cue-induced reinstatement, heroin-induced reinstatement, and spontaneous recovery of heroin-seeking behavior in the rats. In contrast, there was no effect on cue-induced reinstatement in the intra-BLA infusion of PKA inhibitor 6 h after reactivation or without reactivation. These data suggest that PKA inhibition disrupts the reconsolidation of heroin-associated memory, reduces subsequent drug seeking, and prevents relapse, which is retrieval-dependent, time-limited, and BLA-dependent.

14.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(16): 909, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111049

RESUMO

Background: Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is one of the leading causes of stroke worldwide. Current diagnostic evaluations and treatments remain insufficient to assess the vulnerability of intracranial plaques and reduce the recurrence of stroke in symptomatic ICAS. On the other hand, asymptomatic ICAS is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. The pathogenesis of ICAS related cognitive decline is largely unknown. The aim of SICO-ICAS study (stroke incidence and cognitive outcomes of ICAS) is to elucidate the pathophysiology of stroke and cognitive impairment in ICAS population, comprehensively evaluating the complex interactions among life-course exposure, genomic variation, vascular risk factors, cerebrovascular burden and coexisting neurodegeneration. Methods: SICO-ICAS is a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study. We aim to recruit 3,000 patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic ICAS (>50% or occlusion) who will be followed up for ≥12 months. All participants will undergo pre-designed magnetic resonance imaging packages, blood biomarkers testing, as well as detailed cognitive domains assessment. All participants will undergo clinical visits every 6 months and telephone interviews every 3 months. The primary outcome measurement is ischemic stroke or cognitive impairment within 12 months after enrollment. Discussion: This study will establish a large prospective ICAS cohort, hopefully discover new biomarkers associated with vulnerable intracranial plaques, identify subjects at high risk for incident ischemic stroke or cognitive impairment, and eventually propose a precise diagnostic and treatment strategy for ICAS population. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trials Register ChiCTR2200061938.

15.
Zootaxa ; 5154(1): 81-86, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095636

RESUMO

This paper reports one new species of the genus Microconema Liu, 2015, i.e. Microconema arctilamina sp. nov., and provides the characteristics and habitus photographs. Illustrations of important morphology of Microconema clavata (Uvarov, 1933) are also provided for the first time. The materials examined (including type specimens) are deposited in the Museum of Hebei University.


Assuntos
Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Humanos , Museus , Universidades
16.
Zootaxa ; 5182(2): 152-164, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095694

RESUMO

In this study, we present a taxonomic update for the ant genus Myrmecina in China that includes 14 species in total. A recent survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Chinas Hengduan Mountains collected three unknown Myrmecina species, which we describe here as Myrmecina eowilsoni sp. nov., M. gaoligongensis sp. nov., and Myrmecina pierceae sp. nov. These new species are clearly distinguishable from all the other species in the genus. We provide an update to the identification key of Chinese Myrmecina, as well as a diagnostic discussion and high-quality specimen images. In addition, Myrmecina raviwonghei Jaitrong, Samung, Waengsothorn Okido 2019 is reported for the first time from China.


Assuntos
Formigas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Folhas de Planta
17.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 7077-7087, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097567

RESUMO

Background: Foldable capsular vitreous body (FCVB), a novel artificial vitreous substitute product, has been used clinically in recent years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and complications of FCVB implantation surgery during the postoperative period. Methods: We performed a prospective, nonrandomized study from November 2021 to March 2022. Eight patients with severe retinal detachment that could not be easily reattached were included in this study. Before and after surgery, visual acuity (VA), intraocular pressure (IOP), slit-lamp microscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), B-scan and CT were performed. Results: After the operation, the FCVB was well distributed in the vitreous cavity and supported the retina according to the B-scan and CT images. During the follow-up period, no vitreous hemorrhage or retinal detachment was found in any of the patients. On the first postoperative day, the average IOP increased from 9.6 ± 7.7 mmHg preoperatively to 13.8 ± 14.3 mmHg. Although the IOP of two patients fell outside the normal range, IOP was finally held steady after the fifth postoperative day in all cases. In addition, three patients (37.5%) experienced eye ache, and after taking a Saridon tablet, the pain was greatly alleviated. Moreover, no adverse events, such as silicone oil (SO) spillage and emulsification or serious complications, were observed. Conclusion: The current vitreous substitute FCVB is effective and safe for treating complicated retinal detachments in ophthalmic applications. Further multiple-center clinical designs should focus on indications and complications of FCVB during long-term follow-up periods.

18.
Org Lett ; 24(36): 6604-6608, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047785

RESUMO

The electromagnetic mill (EMM) promoted mechanochemical solvent-free palladium-catalyzed borylation of aryl bromides using low palladium catalyst loading (0.05-0.5 mol %) was realized. This protocol exhibits many advantages, such as broad substrate scope, good functional group tolerance, short reaction times, no additional heating, and practical gram-scale synthesis. This EMM system not only showed excellent prospects for industrial application but also unlocked broad areas of solvent-free solid-state metal-catalyzed syntheses.

19.
New Phytol ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110041

RESUMO

Plant cuticular wax accumulation limits nonstomatal transpiration and is regulated by external environmental stresses. DEWAX (DECREASE WAX BIOSYNTHESIS) plays a vital role in diurnal wax biosynthesis. However, how DEWAX expression is controlled and the molecular mechanism of wax biosynthesis regulated by the diurnal cycle remains largely unknown. Here, we identified two Arabidopsis MYB-SHAQKYF transcription factors, MYS1 and MYS2, as new regulators in wax biosynthesis and drought tolerance. Mutations of both MYS1 and MYS2 caused significantly reduced leaf wax, whereas overexpression of MYS1 or MYS2 increased leaf wax biosynthesis and enhanced drought tolerance. Our results demonstrated that MYS1 and MYS2 act as transcription repressors and directly suppress DEWAX expression via EAR motifs. Genetic interaction analysis with DEWAX, SPL9 (SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE 9), and CER1 (ECERIFERUM 1) in wax biosynthesis and under drought stresses demonstrated that MYS1 and MYS2 act upstream of the DEWAX-SPL9 module, thus regulating CER1 expression. Expression analysis suggested that the diurnal expression pattern of DEWAX is partly regulated by MYS1 and MYS2. Our findings demonstrate the roles of two unidentified transcription repressors, MYS1 and MYS2, in wax biosynthesis and provide insights into the mechanism of diurnal cycle-regulated wax biosynthesis.

20.
Curr Probl Cardiol ; : 101399, 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103941

RESUMO

Cardiac microvascular injury can be a fundamental pathological process that causes high incidence cardiovascular diseases such heart failure, diabetic cardiomyopathy, and hypertension. It is also an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Oxidative stress is a significant pathological process in which the body interferes with the balance of the endogenous antioxidant defense system by producing reactive oxygen species, leading to property changes and dysfunction. It has been demonstrated that oxidative stress is one of the major causes of cardiac microvascular disease. Therefore, additional investigation into the relationship between oxidative stress and cardiac microvascular injury will direct clinical management in the future. In order to give suggestions and support for future in-depth studies, we give a basic overview of the cardiac microvasculature in relation to physiopathology in this review. We also summarize the role of oxidative stress of mitochondrial and non-mitochondrial origin in cardiac microvascular injury and related drug studies.

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