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1.
PLoS Pathog ; 19(2): e1011119, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724179

RESUMO

As new mutations continue to emerge, the ability of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus to evade the human immune system and neutralizing antibodies remains a huge challenge for vaccine development and antibody research. The majority of neutralizing antibodies have reduced or lost activity against SARS-CoV-2 variants. In this study, we reported a novel protein surface display system on a mammalian cell for obtaining a higher-affinity antibody in high-throughput manner. Using a saturation mutagenesis strategy through integrating microarray-based oligonucleotide synthesis and single-cell screening assay, we generated a group of new antibodies against diverse prevalent SARS-CoV-2 variants through high-throughput screening the human antibody REGN10987 within 2 weeks. The affinity of those optimized antibodies to seven prevalent mutants was greatly improved, and the EC50 values were no higher than 5 ng/mL. These results demonstrate the robustness of our screening system in the rapid generation of an antibody with higher affinity against a new SARS-CoV-2 variant, and provides a potential application to other protein molecular interactions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Mutagênese , Proteínas de Membrana , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Anticorpos Antivirais , Mamíferos
2.
Virus Genes ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735176

RESUMO

In 2021, an H7N3 avian influenza virus (AIV) was isolated from a mallard in Tianhewan Yellow River National Wetland Park, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. Sequences analysis showed that this strain received its genes from H7, H6, H5, H3, and H1 AIVs of domestic poultry and wild birds in Asia and Europe. It was mild pathogenicity in mice. These results suggest the importance of continued surveillance of the H7N3 virus to better understand the ecology and evolution of the AIVs in poultry and wild birds and the potential threat to humans.

3.
Cell Discov ; 9(1): 3, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609558

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 Omicron subvariants have demonstrated extensive evasion from monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) developed for clinical use, which raises an urgent need to develop new broad-spectrum mAbs. Here, we report the isolation and analysis of two anti-RBD neutralizing antibodies BA7208 and BA7125 from mice engineered to produce human antibodies. While BA7125 showed broadly neutralizing activity against all variants except the Omicron sublineages, BA7208 was potently neutralizing against all tested SARS-CoV-2 variants (including Omicron BA.1-BA.5) except Mu. By combining BA7208 and BA7125 through the knobs-into-holes technology, we generated a biparatopic antibody BA7208/7125 that was able to neutralize all tested circulating SARS-CoV-2 variants. Cryo-electron microscopy structure of these broad-spectrum antibodies in complex with trimeric Delta and Omicron spike indicated that the contact residues are highly conserved and had minimal interactions with mutational residues in RBD of current variants. In addition, we showed that administration of BA7208/7125 via the intraperitoneal, intranasal, or aerosol inhalation route showed potent therapeutic efficacy against Omicron BA.1 and BA.2 in hACE2-transgenic and wild-type mice and, separately, effective prophylaxis. BA7208/7125 thus has the potential to be an effective candidate as an intervention against COVID-19.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(4): 5954-5962, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661841

RESUMO

Achieving the controlled release of functional substances is indispensable in many aspects of life. Especially for the aroma molecules, their effective delivery of flavor and fragrance is challenging. Here, selected pyridines, as highly volatile odorants, were individually coordinated with copper(I) iodide (CuII) via a straightforward one-pot synthesis method, rapidly forming pure or even crystalline CuII cluster-based profragrances at room temperature. The obtained profragrances enabled the stable and high loading of volatile fragrances under ambient conditions and guaranteed their long-lasting release during heating. Furthermore, the intrinsic emission luminescence of these solid-state profragrances decayed along with the aroma release, which can serve as an additional indicator for monitoring the delivery process. This research sets a precedent for using CuII clusters as dual-purpose release agents and greatly expands their potential applications.

5.
Chemosphere ; 316: 137832, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640989

RESUMO

Heavy metal pollution has become a major problem in environmental pollution. Ion imprinted polymers with specific identification and wide practicality have gradually become an important tool for wastewater treatment. In this work, ion-imprinted polymer-grafted modified nanocellulose was designed as an adsorbent for the serious hazard of Pb(II) and Hg(II) in wastewater. This work used medical cotton wool as raw material to prepare a nanocellulose suspension by acid-catalyzed hydrolysis. The high reactivity of carbonyl diimidazole (CDI) was utilized to react with acrylic acid (AA) to generate reactive intermediates, which then reacted with nanocellulose to form activated nanocellulose (AA-CDI-NC). Crown ether was used as functional monomers to synthesize Pb(II) ion-imprinted polymers and grafted onto the AA-CDI-NC surface (Pb(II)-MIP-NC). Meanwhile, Hg(II) ion-imprinted polymer was synthesized and grafted onto the AA-CDI-NC surface (Hg(II)-MIP-NC) using thymine as a functional monomer. The experimental results showed that Pb(II)-MIP-NC and Hg(II)-MIP-NC could effectively adsorb Pb(II) and Hg(II), respectively. Their adsorption behaviors for Pb(II) and Hg(II) were consistent with the secondary kinetic model and Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. The adsorption capacities of Pb (II)-MIP-NC and Hg (II)-MIP-NC for Pb (II) and Hg (II) were 27.55 mg/g and 161.31, respectively.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Impressão Molecular , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Polímeros Molecularmente Impressos , Chumbo , Adsorção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Polímeros
6.
BJUI Compass ; 4(1): 88-95, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36569503

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study is to present our initial experience with a novel parenchymal clamp (NPC) developed to allow partial nephrectomies (PN) to be performed without whole kidney ischaemia. We compare patients who underwent PN with the NPC with those undergoing standard PNs. Methods: The NPC applies pressure only to the portion of the parenchyma containing the small renal mass (≤3.5 cm) and interrupts regional blood flow.A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients that underwent open PN within our unit. Minimum follow-up was 12 months. Patient and disease characteristics, perioperative outcomes and renal function estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) were compared. Results: Data were collected on 63 patients, of whom 33 had their procedure performed with the NPC. Demographic characteristics and comorbidity profiles were not significantly different between groups (p between 1.0 and 0.08). RENAL nephrometry scores were 5.6 in the NPC group versus 6.2 in the standard PN group (p = 0.146).Perioperative, operative and postoperative data did not show significant differences. There was no difference in the rates of Clavien-Dindo III or above complications between the two groups (NPC 3/33 vs. standard PN 5/30, p = 0.416). There was also no statistically significant difference to changes in renal functional at 12 months (change -5.2 and -6.4, p = 0.712). Conclusions: Despite the limited sample size and follow-up, this study establishes the safety of the NPC. In the future, we intend to perform a prospective study on the laparoscopic version.

7.
Bioresour Technol ; 370: 128398, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36496318

RESUMO

The valorization of organic solid waste to lactic acid (LA) in open fermentation systems has attracted tremendous interest in recent years. In this study, a highly efficient oriented LA bioconversion system from food waste (FW) in open mode was established. The maximum LA production was 115 g/L, with a high yield of 0.97 g-LA/g-total sugar. FW is a low-cost feedstock for LA production, containing indigenous hydrolysis and LA-producing bacteria (LAB). Saccharification and real-time pH control were found to be essential for maintaining LAB dominantly in open systems. Furthermore, microbial community analysis revealed that Enterococcus mundtii adapted to complex FW substrates and dominated the subsequent bioconversion process. The oriented LA bioconversion exhibited the capacity for biological carbon fixation by reducing CO2 emissions by at least 21 kg per ton of FW under anaerobic conditions.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Eliminação de Resíduos , Alimentos , Ácido Láctico , Fermentação
8.
Environ Int ; 171: 107667, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The link between exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality from cardiorespiratory diseases is well established, while evidence on neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's Disease (PD) remains limited. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and PD mortality in seven European cohorts. METHODS: Within the project 'Effects of Low-Level Air Pollution: A Study in Europe' (ELAPSE), we pooled data from seven cohorts among six European countries. Annual mean residential concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), black carbon (BC), and ozone (O3), as well as 8 PM2.5 components (copper, iron, potassium, nickel, sulphur, silicon, vanadium, zinc), for 2010 were estimated using Europe-wide hybrid land use regression models. PD mortality was defined as underlying cause of death being either PD, secondary Parkinsonism, or dementia in PD. We applied Cox proportional hazard models to investigate the associations between air pollution and PD mortality, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Of 271,720 cohort participants, 381 died from PD during 19.7 years of follow-up. In single-pollutant analyses, we observed positive associations between PD mortality and PM2.5 (hazard ratio per 5 µg/m3: 1.25; 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.55), NO2 (1.13; 0.95-1.34 per 10 µg/m3), and BC (1.12; 0.94-1.34 per 0.5 × 10-5m-1), and a negative association with O3 (0.74; 0.58-0.94 per 10 µg/m3). Associations of PM2.5, NO2, and BC with PD mortality were linear without apparent lower thresholds. In two-pollutant models, associations with PM2.5 remained robust when adjusted for NO2 (1.24; 0.95-1.62) or BC (1.28; 0.96-1.71), whereas associations with NO2 or BC attenuated to null. O3 associations remained negative, but no longer statistically significant in models with PM2.5. We detected suggestive positive associations with the potassium component of PM2.5. CONCLUSION: Long-term exposure to PM2.5, at levels well below current EU air pollution limit values, may contribute to PD mortality.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Ambientais , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Fuligem/análise
9.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 222: 113069, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508889

RESUMO

Re-education of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) into M1-like macrophages (Mφ1) has become one of the aims of tumor immunotherapy. Injection of live bacteria has been applied for this purpose; however, an acute innate immune response might be caused in this progress, and therefore a bacteria-based strategy with great security is needed. In this study, the bacterial walls of Staphylococcus aureus were inserted into the bilayer of liposome to construct liposome-based bionic bacteria (Bio-Bac), and doxorubicin (DOX) was encapsulated to form DOX@Bio-Bac. DOX@Bio-Bac re-educated the THP-1-derived TAMs into Mφ1 in vitro, and subsequently inhibited the migration and invasion of CAL27 cells. In a mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma with lymphatic metastasis, the re-education of TAMs was proved, and an effective inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis in mice was observed. The liposome-based bionic bacteria constructed in this study provide a new strategy for re-education of TAMs, replacing the bacterial therapy reported previously, and a more effective anti-tumor effect can be obtained by combining the chemotherapy drugs with this bionic bacterium.

10.
J Biol Chem ; : 102770, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470428

RESUMO

G-quadruplex (G4)-forming DNA sequences are abundant in the human genome, and they are hot spots for inducing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and genome instability. The mechanisms involved in protecting G4s and maintaining genome stability have not been fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that RAD52 plays an important role in suppressing DSB accumulation at G4s, and RAD52-deficient cells are sensitive to G4-stabilizing compounds. Mechanistically, we showed that RAD52 is required for efficient homologous recombination (HR) repair at G4s, likely due to its function in recruiting structure-specific endonuclease XPF to remove G4 structures at DSB ends. We also demonstrated that upon G4 stabilization, endonuclease MUS81 mediates cleavage of stalled replication forks at G4s. The resulting DSBs recruit RAD52 and XPF to G4s for processing DSB ends to facilitate HR repair. Loss of RAD52 along with G4-resolving helicase FANCJ leads to a significant increase of DSB accumulation before and after treatment with the G4-stabilizing compound PDS, and RAD52 exhibits a synthetic lethal interaction with FANCJ. Collectively, our findings reveal a new role of RAD52 in protecting G4 integrity and provide insights for new cancer treatment strategies.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e31717, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-gravitation traction is 1 of the most popular treatments for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the self-gravitation traction device in the treatment of LDH and to confirm its positive treatment effect. METHODOLOGY: This trial is designed as a pragmatic double-center, single-blind, and 3-arm (1:1:1 ratio) randomized controlled trial. The recruited patients with LDH will be randomly allocated to the intervention (traction weight is 40% or 60% of its body weight) or control (traction weight is 20% of its body weight) group. Traction will be completed within 6 consecutive weeks (3 times a week), with 10 minutes of traction for the first 3 weeks, 20 minutes of traction for the next 3 weeks. After the experiment is completed, we will establish an experiment-related database. The software of SPSS, version 21 (SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL) will be used for statistical analysis, and measurement data will be expressed via mean and standard deviation (mean ±â€…SD). DISCUSSION: Once the trial is completed, we will publish the study in journals in both Chinese and English to promote the dissemination and use of the results. In addition, we also plan to promote the research results at various academic conferences both domestically and internationally.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Tração , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Método Simples-Cego , Gravitação , Peso Corporal , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(20): 5627-5641, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471981

RESUMO

This study aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicine injections in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Specifically, randomized controlled trial(RCT) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with Chinese medicine injections was retrieved from PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, and SinoMed(from inception to February 16, 2022). RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.0 were employed for data analysis. Finally, 53 RCTs, involving 4 280 patients were included. The experimental groups involved the following injections: including Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection, Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection, Danhong Injection, Dengzhan Xixin Injection, Gugua Extract Injection, Honghua Injection, Lugua Polypeptide Injection, Lugua Polypeptide Injection + Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Zhengqing Fengtongning Injection, Compound Danshen Injection, and Xuebijing Injection. The network Meta-analysis showcased the following trends.(1) As for improving total clinical effective rate, the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) followed the order of conventional treatment of western medicine combined with Xuebijing Injection > combined with Gugua Extract Injection > combined with Compound Danshen Injection > combined with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection > combined with Honghua Injection > combined with Zhengqing Fengtongning Injection > combined with Danhong Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection > combined with Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Dengzhan Xixin Injection.(2) As for improving erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), SUCRA followed the order of conventional treatment of western medicine combined with Xuebijing Injection > combined with Shuxuetong Injection > combined with Honghua Injection > combined with Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Gugua Extract Injection > combined with Danhong Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection > combined with Dengzhan Xixin Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection + Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection > combined with Zhengqing Fengtongning Injection.(3) As for improving rheumatoid factor(RF), SUCRA followed the order of conventional treatment of western medicine combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection > combined with Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection + Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Gugua Extract Injection > combined with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection > combined with Zhengqing Fengtongning Injection > combined with Danhong Injection > combined with Dengzhan Xixin Injection.(4) As for improving C-reactive protein(CRP), SUCRA followed the order of conventional treatment of western medicine combined with Xuebijing Injection > combined with Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection + Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Honghua Injection > combined with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection > combined with Dengzhan Xixin Injection > combined with Gugua Extract Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection > combined with Zhengqing Fengtongning Injection > combined with Danhong Injection.(5) As for alleviating morning stiffness, SUCRA followed the order of conventional treatment of western medicine combined with Shuxuetong Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection > combined with Dengzhan Xixin Injection > combined with Xuebijing Injection > combined with Gugua Extract Injection > combined with Zhengqing Fengtongning Injection > combined with Danhong Injection > combined with Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Honghua Injection.(6) As for improving disease activity score(DAS28), SUCRA followed the order of conventional treatment of western medicine combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection + Tanshinone Ⅱ_A Sodium Sulfonate Injection > combined with Lugua Polypeptide Injection > combined with Zhengqing Fengtongning Injection > combined with Honghua Injection > combined with Gugua Extract Injection > combined with Dengzhan Xixin Injection. The experimental groups had lower incidence of adverse reactions than the control group. The results of network Meta-analysis suggest that on the combination of conventional treatment of western medicine with Chinese medicine injections can improve the efficacy on rheumatoid arthritis. However, in view of the great differences in the quality and number of studies included for different therapies, the SUCRA of Chinese medicine injections need to be further verified with high-quality multi-center, large-sample, randomized double-blind trials.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metanálise em Rede , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Sódio , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Patterns (N Y) ; 3(12): 100616, 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36569546

RESUMO

Similar to humans' cognitive ability to generalize knowledge and skills, self-supervised learning (SSL) targets discovering general representations from large-scale data. This, through the use of pre-trained SSL models for downstream tasks, alleviates the need for human annotation, which is an expensive and time-consuming task. Its success in the fields of computer vision and natural language processing have prompted its recent adoption into the field of audio and speech processing. Comprehensive reviews summarizing the knowledge in audio SSL are currently missing. To fill this gap, we provide an overview of the SSL methods used for audio and speech processing applications. Herein, we also summarize the empirical works that exploit audio modality in multi-modal SSL frameworks and the existing suitable benchmarks to evaluate the power of SSL in the computer audition domain. Finally, we discuss some open problems and point out the future directions in the development of audio SSL.

14.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(24)2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36552401

RESUMO

Taxonomic frameworks for medically important species such as cobras (genus Naja Laurenti, 1768; Squamata, Elapidae) are essential for the medical treatment of snake bites and accurate antivenin development. In this paper, we described the former N. kaouthia populations recorded from China as a new species and designated a neotype for N. atra-based morphological and mitochondrial phylogenetic analysis. The new species N. fuxisp. nov. was morphologically diagnosed from N. kaouthia by (1) regular single narrow crossband present on the middle and posterior parts of the dorsum (3-15, 7.9 ± 2.7, n = 32) and the dorsal surface of the tail (1-6, 4.2 ± 1.1, n = 32) of both adults and juveniles, buff-colored with dark fringes on both edges, vs. South Asian populations (n = 39) and Southeast Asian populations (n = 35) without cross bands, with irregular cross bands or multiple light-colored crossbands pairs, or densely woven lines; (2) small scales between the posterior chin shields, usually three (40%) or two (37%), rarely four (13%), or one (10%) (n = 30) vs. mostly one (81%) and rarely two (19%) (n = 28); (3) ventrals 179-205 (195.4 ± 6.7, n = 33) vs. South Asian populations 179-199 (188.7 ± 5.9, n = 12); Southeast Asian populations 168-186 (177.8 ± 4.9, n = 18). Phylogenetically, the new species forms an independent sister clade to the clade including N. atra, N. kaouthia, N. oxiana and N. sagittifera. Furthermore, the subspecies N. naja polyocellata should be resurrected and recognized as a full species, N. polyocellatacomb. nov., and the subspecies N. sumatrana miolepis should be resurrected.

15.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(24)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556522

RESUMO

To produce Na2SnO3, which is widely used in the ceramics and electroplating industries, a novel process for the preparation of sodium stannate from cassiterite concentrates was developed successfully by the authors' group. It was found that sodium stannosilicate (Na8SnSi6O18) was easily formed due to the main gangue of quartz in cassiterite concentrates, which was almost insoluble and decreased the quality of Na2SnO3. The formation and transitions of Na8SnSi6O18 in the SnO2-SiO2-Na2CO3 system roasted under a CO-CO2 atmosphere were determined. The results indicated that the formation of Na8SnSi6O18 could be divided into two steps: SnO2 reacted with Na2CO3 to form Na2SnO3, and then Na2SnO3 was rapidly combined with SiO2 and Na2CO3 to form low melting point Na8SnSi6O18. In addition, Na8SnSi6O18 can be decomposed into Na2SiO3 and Na2SnO3 by using excess Na2CO3.

16.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1040176, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36483245

RESUMO

Background: Tuberculosis is a communicable disease that is a major cause of ill health. Bibliometrics is an important statistical methodology used to analyze articles and other publications in the literature study. In this study, publications on molecular epidemiology were analyzed using bibliometric analysis. The statistical analysis of influential publications, journals, countries and authors was first conducted. Methods: The Web of Science database was searched for publications on the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis with the keywords "tuberculosis" and "molecular epidemiology" in the title. The number of publications, citation analysis, co-authorship of the author, institution and country, keyword co-occurrence, and reference co-citations were analyzed. Results: A total of 225 journal articles were retrieved. The mean citation was 37.72 per article and 292.69 per year. The annual publications on molecular epidemiology fluctuated within a certain range in the past. Journal of Clinical Microbiology is the most published journal with 33 articles. RASTOGI N is the most prolific author with 11 articles. The top 1 research institution is Inst Pasteur Guadeloupe. Stratified by the number of publications, the USA was the most prolific country. It also cooperates closely with other countries. Burstness analysis of references and keywords showed that the developing research trends in this field mainly focused on "genetic diversity" and "lineage" during the past decade. Conclusion: The annual publications on tuberculosis molecular epidemiology fluctuated within a specific range in the past decade. The USA continues to dominate research output and funding. The exchange of expertise, ideas, and technology is of paramount importance in this field. More frequent and deeper cooperation among countries or institutions will be essential in the future.


Assuntos
Bibliometria
17.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(11): 4460-4467, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524090

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to summarize and analyze the anatomical structures of the right upper lung intersegmental vein V2a based on 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction technology. Methods: We collected the enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans of 157 patients with pulmonary diseases, and reconstructed the right upper lung tissue structure through interactive qualitative and quantitative analysis (IQQA). According to the reconstruction results, the V2a of the right upper pulmonary intersegmental vein was returned to different veins for classification, and the subtypes were further subdivided according to the different vascular routes and the location of the pulmonary segmental bronchus. Results: Among 157 patients, there were 4 types of V2a according to the anatomical position of the veins. In type B (15 cases, 9.6%), V2a returned to the apical vein V1. In type C (2 cases, 1.3%), V2a did not exist, while in type D (1 case, 0.6%), V2a directly flowed into the right atrium. Type A is further divided into three subtypes (A1, A2, A3) according to the type of veins returned and the anatomical location of their confluence. In subtype A1 (110/139 cases, 79.1%), V2a returned to the posterior segment central vein. In subtype A2 (8/139 cases, 5.8%), V2a flowed from the B2 mediastinal surface down to the interlobular part of the posterior segmental vein. In subtype A3 (21/139 cases, 15.1%), V2a flowed between B1a and B2a and back to the central vein at the junction of the B2 and B3 bronchus. Type B is further divided into 3 subtypes (B1, B2, B3) according to the location of the apical posterior segmental bronchus. In B1 subtype (1/15 cases, 6.7%), V2a continued from the mediastinal surface of B1 back down to V1. In B2 subtype (7/15 cases, 46.7%), V2a continued from the medial side of the B1 lung back down to V1. In subtype B3 (7/15 cases, 46.7%), V2a flowed back into the central part of the posterior segmental vein. Conclusions: This study, supported by 3D reconstruction technology, preliminarily summarized the V2a typology and further refined the anatomical differences of each subtype.

18.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5571, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36520456

RESUMO

Morus alba leaves are a natural product with great antidiabetic potential. However, the therapeutic efficacy of natural products is usually achieved through the interaction of active compounds with specific targets. Among them, active compounds with multi-target therapeutic functions are more effective than single-target enzymes. In this study, a bienzyme system was constructed by co-immobilizing α-amylase and α-glucosidase onto Fe3 O4 for affinity screening of dual-target active components in the complex extract from M. alba leaves. As a result, a potential active compound was selectively screened by ligand fishing, separated by high-speed countercurrent chromatography using a solvent system of ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water (3:2:5, v/v), and identified as rutin. In addition, the result of molecular docking showed that rutin could interact with the active center of α-amylase and α-glucosidase through multiple hydrogen bonds, van der Waals forces, etc. to play an inhibitory role. These results demonstrate the effectiveness of the polydopamine magnetically immobilized bienzyme system for dual-target affinity screening of active substances. This study not only reveals the chemical basis of the antidiabetic activity of M. alba leaves from a dual-target perspective, but also promotes the progress of multitarget affinity screening.

19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 972082, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324579

RESUMO

As an effective strategy for oncotherapy, developing efficacious drug delivery systems for cancer combination therapy remains a major challenge. To improve nanodrug biocompatibility and composite function facilitating their clinical conversion application, a novel nanocarrier was presented by a facile method through conjugating humic acid with gadolinium ions to synthesize HA-Gd with good biocompatibility and dispersity. HA-Gd exhibited high photothermal conversion efficiency up to 38%, excellent photothermal stability, and high doxorubicin (DOX) loading capacity (93%) with pH-responsive release properties. HA-Gd loading DOX showed a combined chemo-photothermal inhibitory effect on tumor cells. Compared with lipid-DOX, HA-Gd-DOX had a more significant inhibitory effect on tumor growth and fewer side effects. T1-weighted MRI contrast toward tumor tissue provided HA-Gd with an MRI-based cancer diagnosis. This study revealed the great potential of humic acids as a novel vector for developing more drug carriers with desirable functions for clinical anticancer therapy.

20.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 227: 107204, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system affecting over 2.5 million people globally. In-clinic six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a widely used objective measure to evaluate the progression of MS. Yet, it has limitations such as the need for a clinical visit and a proper walkway. The widespread use of wearable devices capable of depicting patients' activity profiles has the potential to assess the level of MS-induced disability in free-living conditions. METHODS: In this work, we extracted 96 features in different temporal granularities (from minute-level to day-level) from wearable data and explored their utility in estimating 6MWT scores in a European (Italy, Spain, and Denmark) MS cohort of 337 participants over an average of 10 months' duration. We combined these features with participants' demographics using three regression models including elastic net, gradient boosted trees and random forest. In addition, we quantified the individual feature's contribution using feature importance in these regression models, linear mixed-effects models, generalized estimating equations, and correlation-based feature selection (CFS). RESULTS: The results showed promising estimation performance with R2 of 0.30, which was derived using random forest after CFS. This model was able to distinguish the participants with low disability from those with high disability. Furthermore, we observed that the minute-level (≤ 8 minutes) step count, particularly those capturing the upper end of the step count distribution, had a stronger association with 6MWT. The use of a walking aid was indicative of ambulatory function measured through 6MWT. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the utility of wearables devices in assessing ambulatory impairments in people with MS in free-living conditions and provides a basis for future investigation into the clinical relevance.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Esclerose Múltipla , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico , Condições Sociais , Caminhada/fisiologia
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