Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.395
Filtrar
1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1343546, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711767

RESUMO

Introduction: This paper aims to explore the intersection of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and public health within the context of digital platforms. Specifically, the paper explores the impact of digital platforms on the sustainable development practices of enterprises, seeking to comprehend how these platforms influence the implementation of environmental protection policies, resource management, and social responsibility initiatives. Methods: To assess the impact of digital platforms on corporate environmental behavior, we conducted a questionnaire survey targeting employees in private enterprises. This survey aimed to evaluate the relationship between the adoption of digital platforms and the implementation of environmental protection policies and practices. Results: Analysis of the survey responses revealed a significant positive correlation between the use of digital platforms and the environmental protection behavior of enterprises (r=0.523;p<0.001), Moreover, the presence of innovative environmental protection technologies on these platforms was found to positively influence the enforcement of environmental policies, with a calculated impact ratio of (a∗b/c=55.31%). An intermediary analysis highlighted that environmental innovation technology plays a mediating role in this process. Additionally, adjustment analysis showed that enterprises of various sizes and industries respond differently to digital platforms, indicating the need for tailored environmental policies. Discussion: These findings underscore the pivotal role of digital platforms in enhancing CSR efforts and public health by fostering improved environmental practices among corporations. The mediating effect of environmental innovation technologies suggests that digital platforms not only facilitate direct environmental actions but also enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of such initiatives through technological advances. The variability in response by different enterprises points to the importance of customizable strategies in policy formulation. By offering empirical evidence of digital platforms' potential to advance CSR and public health through environmental initiatives, this paper contributes to the ongoing dialogue on sustainable development goals. It provides practical insights for enterprises and policy implications for governments striving to craft more effective environmental policies and strategies.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Responsabilidade Social , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tecnologia Digital , Política Ambiental , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
2.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(7): 2763-2778, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725845

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) family has been implicated in various pathological conditions, including cancer. However, a systematic evaluation of ALDH alterations and their therapeutic relevance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains lacking. Herein, we found that 15 of 19 ALDHs were transcriptionally dysregulated in HCC tissues compared to normal liver tissues. A four gene signature, including ALDH2, ALDH5A1, ALDH6A1, and ALDH8A1, robustly predicted prognosis and defined a high-risk subgroup exhibiting immunosuppressive features like regulatory T cell (Tregs) infiltration. Single-cell profiling revealed selective overexpression of tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 18 (TNFRSF18) on Tregs, upregulated in high-risk HCC patients. We identified ALDH2 as a tumor suppressor in HCC, with three novel phosphorylation sites mediated by protein kinase C zeta that enhanced enzymatic activity. Mechanistically, ALDH2 suppressed Tregs differentiation by inhibiting ß-catenin/TGF-ß1 signaling in HCC. Collectively, our integrated multi-omics analysis defines an ALDH-Tregs-TNFRSF18 axis that contributes to HCC pathogenesis and represents potential therapeutic targets for this aggressive malignancy.


Assuntos
Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Humanos , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral , Aldeído Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Aldeído Desidrogenase/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Masculino , Camundongos , Multiômica
3.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e29825, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726132

RESUMO

This paper explores methodologies to enhance the integration of a green supply chain circular economy within smart cities by incorporating machine learning technology. To refine the precision and effectiveness of the prediction model, the gravitational algorithm is introduced to optimize parameter selection in the support vector machine model. A nationwide prediction model for green supply chain economic development efficiency is meticulously constructed by leveraging public economic, environmental, and demographic data. A comprehensive empirical analysis follows, revealing a noteworthy reduction in mean squared error and root mean squared error with increasing iterations, reaching a minimum of 0.007 and 0.103, respectively-figures that are the lowest among all considered machine learning models. Moreover, the mean absolute percentage error value is remarkably low at 0.0923. The data illustrate a gradual decline in average prediction error and standard deviation throughout the model optimization process, indicative of both model convergence and heightened prediction accuracy. These results underscore the significant potential of machine learning technology in optimizing supply chain and circular economy management. The paper provides valuable insights for decision-makers and researchers navigating the landscape of sustainable development.

4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3902, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724527

RESUMO

Radiation-induced in situ tumor vaccination alone is very weak and insufficient to elicit robust antitumor immune responses. In this work, we address this issue by developing chiral vidarabine monophosphate-gadolinium nanowires (aAGd-NWs) through coordination-driven self-assembly. We elucidate the mechanism of aAGd-NW assembly and characterize their distinct features, which include a negative surface charge, ultrafine topography, and right-handed chirality. Additionally, aAGd-NWs not only enhance X-ray deposition but also inhibit DNA repair, thereby enhancing radiation-induced in situ vaccination. Consequently, the in situ vaccination induced by aAGd-NWs sensitizes radiation enhances CD8+ T-cell-dependent antitumor immunity and synergistically potentiates the efficacy immune checkpoint blockade therapies against both primary and metastatic tumors. The well-established aAGd-NWs exhibit exceptional therapeutic capacity and biocompatibility, offering a promising avenue for the development of radioimmunotherapy approaches.


Assuntos
Nanofios , Polímeros , Nanofios/química , Animais , Camundongos , Polímeros/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Gadolínio/química , Gadolínio/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Vacinação/métodos , Neoplasias/imunologia
5.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 2861-2871, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741613

RESUMO

GDF-15 is an essential member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. Its functions mainly involve in tissue injury, inflammation, fibrosis, regulation of appetite and weight, development of tumor, and cardiovascular disease. GDF-15 is involved in various signaling pathways, such as MAPK pathway, PI3K/AKT pathway, STAT3 pathway, RET pathway, and SMAD pathway. In addition, several factors such as p53, ROS, and TNF-α participate the regulation of GDF-15. However, the specific mechanism of these factors regulating GDF-15 is still unclear and more research is needed to explore them. GDF-15 mainly improves the function of kidneys in CKD and plays an important role in the prediction of CKD progression and cardiovascular complications. In addition, the role of GDF-15 in the kidney may be related to the SMAD and MAPK pathways. However, the specific mechanism of these pathways remains unclear. Accordingly, more research on the specific mechanism of GDF-15 affecting kidney disease is needed in the future. In conclusion, GDF-15 may be a therapeutic target for kidney disease.

6.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30310, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742080

RESUMO

Background: Methods for washed microbiota transplantation (WMT) through the mid-gut include transendoscopic enteral tubing (TET) and manual spiral nasojejunal tube (SNT) placement have not been studied. Methods: This prospective interventional study was performed at a single centre. Patients were divided into the SNT and mid-gut TET groups based on their conditions and wishes. In the SNT group, an SNT was passively inserted into the stomach, and abdominal X-rays were taken within 24 h to confirm tube placement in the small intestine. In the mid-gut TET group, mid-gut TET was placed in the small intestine for gastroscopy. Data on the clinical efficacy of WMT, intubation time, cost, overall comfort score, adverse reactions, etc., were collected from the two groups. Results: Sixty-three patients were included in the study (SNT group (n = 40) and mid-gut TET group (n = 23)). The clinical efficacy of WMT in the SNT and mid-gut TET groups was 90 % and 95.7 %, respectively (P = 0.644). Compared with the mid-gut TET group, the SNT group showed a shorter operation time (120 s vs. 258 s, P = 0.001) and a lower average cost (641.7 yuan vs. 1702.1 yuan, P = 0.001). There was no significant difference in the overall comfort score or the incidence of common discomfort symptoms between the two groups. Conclusion: The different implantation methods have different advantages; compared with mid-gut TET placement, manual SNT placement provides some benefits.

7.
Breast Cancer Res ; 26(1): 76, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death among women globally. Despite advances, there is considerable variation in clinical outcomes for patients with non-luminal A tumors, classified as difficult-to-treat breast cancers (DTBC). This study aims to delineate the proteogenomic landscape of DTBC tumors compared to luminal A (LumA) tumors. METHODS: We retrospectively collected a total of 117 untreated primary breast tumor specimens, focusing on DTBC subtypes. Breast tumors were processed by laser microdissection (LMD) to enrich tumor cells. DNA, RNA, and protein were simultaneously extracted from each tumor preparation, followed by whole genome sequencing, paired-end RNA sequencing, global proteomics and phosphoproteomics. Differential feature analysis, pathway analysis and survival analysis were performed to better understand DTBC and investigate biomarkers. RESULTS: We observed distinct variations in gene mutations, structural variations, and chromosomal alterations between DTBC and LumA breast tumors. DTBC tumors predominantly had more mutations in TP53, PLXNB3, Zinc finger genes, and fewer mutations in SDC2, CDH1, PIK3CA, SVIL, and PTEN. Notably, Cytoband 1q21, which contains numerous cell proliferation-related genes, was significantly amplified in the DTBC tumors. LMD successfully minimized stromal components and increased RNA-protein concordance, as evidenced by stromal score comparisons and proteomic analysis. Distinct DTBC and LumA-enriched clusters were observed by proteomic and phosphoproteomic clustering analysis, some with survival differences. Phosphoproteomics identified two distinct phosphoproteomic profiles for high relapse-risk and low relapse-risk basal-like tumors, involving several genes known to be associated with breast cancer oncogenesis and progression, including KIAA1522, DCK, FOXO3, MYO9B, ARID1A, EPRS, ZC3HAV1, and RBM14. Lastly, an integrated pathway analysis of multi-omics data highlighted a robust enrichment of proliferation pathways in DTBC tumors. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides an integrated proteogenomic characterization of DTBC vs LumA with tumor cells enriched through laser microdissection. We identified many common features of DTBC tumors and the phosphopeptides that could serve as potential biomarkers for high/low relapse-risk basal-like BC and possibly guide treatment selections.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama , Proteogenômica , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteogenômica/métodos , Mutação , Microdissecção e Captura a Laser , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Adulto , Proteômica/métodos , Prognóstico
8.
Water Res ; 257: 121692, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713935

RESUMO

Shortcut nitrogen removal holds significant economic appeal for mainstream wastewater treatment. Nevertheless, it is too difficult to achieve the stable suppression of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB), and simultaneously maintain the activity of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB). This study proposes to overcome this challenge by employing the novel acid-tolerant AOB, namely "Candidatus Nitrosoglobus", in a membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR). Superior partial nitritation was demonstrated in low-strength wastewater from two aspects. First, the long-term operation (256 days) under the acidic pH range of 5.0 to 5.2 showed the successful NOB washout by the in situ free nitrous acid (FNA) of approximately 1 mg N/L. This was evidenced by the stable nitrite accumulation ratio (NAR) close to 100 % and the disappearance of NOB shown by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Second, oxygen was sufficiently supplied in the MABR, leading to an unprecedentedly high ammonia oxidation rate (AOR) at 2.4 ± 0.1 kg N/(m3 d) at a short hydraulic retention time (HRT) of a mere 30 min. Due to the counter diffusion of substrates, the present acidic MABR displayed a significantly higher apparent oxygen affinity (0.36 ± 0.03 mg O2/L), a marginally lower apparent ammonia affinity (14.9 ± 1.9 mg N/L), and a heightened sensitivity to FNA and pH variations, compared with counterparts determined by flocculant acid-tolerant AOB. Beyond supporting the potential application of shortcut nitrogen removal in mainstream wastewater, this study also offers the attractive prospect of intensifying wastewater treatment by markedly reducing the HRT of the aerobic unit.

9.
Water Res ; 257: 121701, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733962

RESUMO

Nitrate or nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-DAMO) is a microbial process that links carbon and nitrogen cycles as a methane sink in many natural environments. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that the nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (nitrite-DAMO) process can be stimulated in sewer systems under continuous nitrate dosing for sulfide control. In a laboratory sewer system, continuous nitrate dosing not only achieved complete sulfide removal, but also significantly decreased dissolved methane concentration by ∼50 %. Independent batch tests confirmed the coupling of methane oxidation with nitrate and nitrite reduction, revealing similar methane oxidation rates of 3.68 ± 0.5 mg CH4 L-1 h-1 (with nitrate as electron acceptor) and 3.57 ± 0.4 mg CH4 L-1 h-1 (with nitrite as electron acceptor). Comprehensive microbial analysis unveiled the presence of a subgroup of the NC10 phylum, namely Candidatus Methylomirabilis (n-DAMO bacteria that couples nitrite reduction with methane oxidation), growing in sewer biofilms and surface sediments with relative abundances of 1.9 % and 1.6 %, respectively. In contrast, n-DAMO archaea that couple methane oxidation solely to nitrate reduction were not detected. Together these results indicated the successful enrichment of n-DAMO bacteria in sewerage systems, contributing to approx. 64 % of nitrite reduction and around 50 % of dissolved methane removal through the nitrite-DAMO process, as estimated by mass balance analysis. The occurrence of the nitrite-DAMO process in sewer systems opens a new path to sewer methane emissions.

10.
Chin Herb Med ; 16(2): 214-226, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706830

RESUMO

Objective: Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, one of the important medicinal plant resources in Yunnan, China, usually takes 6-8 years to be harvested. Therefore, it is urgent to find a method that can not only shorten its growth years, but also improve its quality. In this study, we examined the effects of a combination treatment of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and plant growth-promoting endophytes (PGPE) and drought stress on the accumulation of saponins in it. Methods: P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was infected with a mixture of AMF and PGPE under drought stress. The content of saponins, as well as morphological, physiological, and biochemical indicators, were all measured. The UGTs gene related to saponin synthesis was obtained from transcriptome data by homologous comparison, which were used for RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis. Results: Regardless of water, AMF treatment could infect the roots of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, however double inoculation with AMF and PGPE (AMF + PGPE) would reduce the infection rate of AMF. Plant height, aboveground and underground fresh weight did not differ significantly between the single inoculation AMF and the double inoculation treatment under different water conditions, but the inoculation treatment significantly increased the plant height of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis compared to the non-inoculation treatment. Single inoculation with AMF considerably increased the net photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis leaves under various water conditions, but double inoculation with AMF + PGPE greatly increased the intercellular CO2 concentration and chlorophyll fluorescence parameter (Fv/Fm). Under diverse water treatments, single inoculation AMF had the highest proline content, whereas double inoculation AMF + PGPE may greatly improve the amount of abscisic acid (ABA) and indoleacetic acid (IAA) compared to normal water under moderate drought. Double inoculation AMF + PGPE treatment improved the proportion of N, P, and K in the rhizome of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis under various water conditions. Under moderate drought stress, AMF + PGPE significantly enhanced the contents of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis saponins I, II, VII, and total saponins as compared to normal water circumstances. Farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS), Geranyl pyrophosphate synthase (GPPS), Cycloartenol synthase (CAS), and Squalene epoxidase (SE1) were the genes that were significantly up-regulated at the same time. The amount of saponins was favorably linked with the expression of CAS, GPPS, and SE1. Saponin VI content and glycosyl transferase (UGT) 010922 gene expression were found to be substantially associated, as was saponin II content and UGT010935 gene expression. Conclusion: Under moderate drought, AMF + PGPE was more conducive to the increase of hormone content, nutrient absorption, and total saponin content in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, and AMF + PGPE could up regulate the expression of key genes and UGTs genes in one or more steroidal saponin synthesis pathways to varying degrees, thereby stimulating the synthesis and accumulation of steroidal saponins in the rhizome of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The combination of AMF and PGPE inoculation, as well as adequate soil drought, reduced the buildup of saponins in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and increased its quality.

11.
J Cancer ; 15(10): 2900-2912, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706900

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a common malignancy with early detection being crucial for survival. Liquid biopsy analysis using cell-free nucleic acid is a preferred method for detection. Hence, we conducted a systematic review to assess the diagnostic efficacy of cell-free nucleic acid markers for GC. Methods: We searched PubMed and ISI Web of Science databases for articles that conformed to our inclusion and exclusion criteria from 2012 to 2022. The following information was abstracted: first author, year of publication, country/region, age, male proportion, tumor stage for cases, specimen type, measurement method, targeted markers and diagnostic related indicators (including sensitivity, specificity, AUC, P-value). Results: Fifty-eight studies examined cell-free RNAs (cfRNAs) with a total of 62 individual circulating markers and 7 panels in serum or plasma, while 21 studies evaluated cell-free DNAs (cfDNAs) with 29 individual circulating markers and 7 panels. For individual cfRNAs, the median (range) sensitivity and specificity were 80% (21% - 98%) and 80% (54% - 99%), respectively. The median (range) sensitivity and specificity for cfRNA panels were 86% (83% - 90%) and 75% (60% - 98%), respectively. In comparison, the median (range) sensitivity and specificity reported for individual cfDNAs were 50% (18% - 96%) and 93% (57% - 100%), respectively, while cfDNA panels had a median (range) sensitivity and specificity of 85% (41% - 92%) and 73.5% (38% - 90%), respectively. The meta results indicate that cfRNA markers exhibit high sensitivity (80%) and low specificity (80%) for detecting GC, while cfDNA markers have lower sensitivity (59%) but higher specificity (92%). Conclusions: This review has demonstrated that cell-free nucleic acids have the potential to serve as useful diagnostic markers for GC. Given that both cfRNA and cfDNA markers have shown promising diagnostic performance for GC, the combination of the two may potentially enhance diagnostic efficiency.

12.
Water Res ; 257: 121686, 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705065

RESUMO

This study developed a new process that stably produced ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), an important and commonly used fertilizer, from the source-separated urine by comammox Nitrospira. In the first stage, the complete conversion of ammonium to nitrate was achieved by comammox Nitrospira. In this scenario, the pH was maintained at 6 by adding external alkali, which also provided sufficient alkalinity for full nitrification. In the second stage, the NH4NO3 was produced directly by comammox Nitropsira by converting half of the ammonium in urine into nitrate. In this case, no alkali was added and pH automatically dropped and self-maintained at an extremely acidic level (pH 3-4). In both scenarios, negligible nitrite accumulation was observed, while the final product of the second stage contained ammonium and nitrate at the molar ratio of 1:1. The dominance of comammox Nitrospira over canonical ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) was systematically proved by the combination of 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and metagenomics. Notably, metagenomic sequencing suggested that the relative abundance of comammox Nitrospira was over 20 % under the acidic condition at pH 3-4, while canonical AOB and NOB were undetectable. Batch experiments showed that the optimal pH for the enriched comammox Nitrospira was ∼7, which could sustain their activity in a wider pH range from 4 to 8 surprisingly but lost activity at pH 3 and 9. The findings not only present an application potential of comammox Nitrospira in nitrogen recovery from urine wastewater but also report the survivability of comammox bacteria in acidic environments.

14.
Eur Respir J ; 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697650

RESUMO

Asthma is a prevalent pulmonary disease that affects nearly 300 million people worldwide and imposes a substantial economic burden. While medication can effectively control symptoms in some patients, severe asthma attacks, driven by airway-inflammation induced by environmental and infectious exposures, continue to be a major cause of asthma-related mortality. Heterogenous phenotypes of asthma include type 2 (T2) and non-T2 asthma. Non-T2 asthma is often observed in patients with severe and/or steroid-resistant asthma. This review will cover the molecular mechanisms, clinical phenotypes, causes and promising treatment of non-T2 severe asthma. Specifically, we will discuss the signaling pathways for non-T2 asthma including the activation of inflammasomes, interferon responses, and IL-17 pathways, and their contributions to the subtypes, progression, and severity of non-T2 asthma. Understanding the molecular mechanisms and genetic determinants underlying non-T2 asthma could form the basis for precision medicine in severe asthma treatment.

15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10899, 2024 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740854

RESUMO

In order to obtain the best mass spectrometry identification results for using the most appropriate methods in clinical practice, we explore the optimal pretreatment methods for different species and morphologies of filamentous fungi. 98 fungal strains were treated with formic acid sandwich method, dispersion method, extraction method, and other methods using a medium element mass spectrometer (EXS3000) as a platform. Each strain had three targets, and the identification rates and confidence differences under different pre-treatment methods were compared to evaluate the identification effects of these methods. The mass spectrometry identification rates of 98 filamentous fungi obtained after pre-treatment with formic acid sandwich method, dispersion method, and extraction method were 85.71%, 82.65%, and 75.51%, respectively. The identification rate of the formic acid sandwich method was significantly higher than the other two methods (P < 0 005) has the best identification ability and the obtained confidence is also higher than the other two methods. The use of formic acid sandwich method for mass spectrometry identification of filamentous fungi can achieve ideal identification results, which is suitable for mass spectrometry identification of filamentous fungi in conventional laboratories.


Assuntos
Fungos , Espectrometria de Massas , Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Fungos/classificação , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Formiatos/química , Formiatos/análise , Micoses/microbiologia , Micoses/diagnóstico , Humanos
16.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1211, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and the incidence of hypertension among adults aged 18 or above in southwest China. METHODS: A multistage proportional stratified cluster sampling method was employed to recruited 9280 adult residents from 12 counties in southwest China, with all participants in the cohort tracked from 2016 to 2020. The questionnaire survey gathered information on demographics, lifestyle habits, and household income. The physical exam recorded height, weight, and blood pressure. Biochemical tests measured cholesterol levels. The chi-square test was employed to assess the statistical differences among categorical variables, while the Cox proportional hazards regression model was applied to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and the incidence of hypertension. RESULTS: The finally effective sample size for the cohort study was 3546 participants, after excluding 5734 people who met the exclusion criteria. Adults in the highest household income group had a significantly lower risk of hypertension compared to those in the lowest income group (HR = 0.636, 95% CI: 0.478-0.845). Besides, when compared to individuals in the illiterate population, the risk of hypertension among adults with elementary school, junior high school, senior high school and associate degree educational level decreased respectively by 34.4% (HR = 0.656, 95%CI: 0.533-0.807), 44.9% (HR = 0.551, 95%CI: 0.436-0.697), 44.9% (HR = 0.551, 95%CI: 0.405-0.750), 46.1% (HR = 0.539, 95%CI: 0. 340-0.854). After conducting a thorough analysis of socioeconomic status, compared with individuals with a score of 6 or less, the risk of hypertension in participants with scores of 8, 10, 11, 12, and greater than 12 decreased respectively by 23.9% (HR = 0.761, 95%CI: 0.598-0.969), 29.7% (HR = 0.703, 95%CI: 0.538-0.919), 34.0% (HR = 0.660, 95%CI: 0.492-0.885), 34.3% (HR = 0.657, 95%CI: 0.447-0.967), 43.9% (HR = 0.561, 95%CI: 0.409-0.769). CONCLUSION: The findings indicate a negative correlation between socioeconomic status and hypertension incidence among adults in southwest China, suggesting that individuals with higher socioeconomic status are less likely to develop hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Classe Social , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Incidência , Estudos de Coortes , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Mater Chem B ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715545

RESUMO

The ability to detect and visualize cellular events and associated biological analytes is essential for the understanding of their physiological and pathological functions. Cysteine (Cys) plays a crucial role in biological systems and lysosomal homeostasis. This puts forward higher requirements on the performance of the probe. Herein, we rationally designed a coumarin-based probe for the reversible, specific, sensitive, and rapid detection of Cys based on pH regulating reactivity. The obtained probe (ECMA) introduces a morpholine moiety to target lysosomes, and α,ß-unsaturated-ketone with an electron-withdrawing CN group served as a reversible reaction site for Cys. Importantly, ECMA was successfully applied to the real-time monitoring of Cys dynamics in living cells. Furthermore, cell imaging clearly revealed that exogenous Cys could induce the up-regulation of lysosomal ROS, which provided a powerful tool for investigating the relationship between oxidative stress and lysosomal Cys.

18.
J Imaging Inform Med ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717515

RESUMO

Differentiating between benign and malignant sacral tumors is crucial for determining appropriate treatment options. This study aims to develop two benchmark fusion models and a deep learning radiomic nomogram (DLRN) capable of distinguishing between benign and malignant sacral tumors using multiple imaging modalities. We reviewed axial T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) and non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) of 134 patients pathologically confirmed as sacral tumors. The two benchmark fusion models were developed using fusion deep learning (DL) features and fusion classical machine learning (CML) features from multiple imaging modalities, employing logistic regression, K-nearest neighbor classification, and extremely randomized trees. The two benchmark models exhibiting the most robust predictive performance were merged with clinical data to formulate the DLRN. Performance assessment involved computing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV). The DL benchmark fusion model demonstrated superior performance compared to the CML fusion model. The DLRN, identified as the optimal model, exhibited the highest predictive performance, achieving an accuracy of 0.889 and an AUC of 0.961 in the test sets. Calibration curves were utilized to evaluate the predictive capability of the models, and decision curve analysis (DCA) was conducted to assess the clinical net benefit of the DLR model. The DLRN could serve as a practical predictive tool, capable of distinguishing between benign and malignant sacral tumors, offering valuable information for risk counseling, and aiding in clinical treatment decisions.

19.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 143, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704809

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most lethal malignant gastrointestinal tumors (GI) characterized by a poor prognosis. Ferroptosis is an emerging programmed cell death that plays an essential role in the progression of various cancers. Ferroptosis is driven by iron-dependent phospholipid peroxidation and is regulated by mitochondrial activity, lipid peroxidation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The function and mechanism of ferroptosis in PC need more research. METHODS: The levels of circRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Western blot was used for protein detection. CCK8 assays were used to detect cell proliferation. Cell death, lipid peroxidation, ROS, and Fe2+ were detected by indicted kits. Dual-luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays were conducted to confirm the interaction between circRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs. RESULTS: In this research, we found that circular RNA hsa_circ_0000003(circ_WASF2) was upregulated in pancreatic cancer cells. The silence of circ_WASF2 inhibited cancer proliferation and increased cell death by increasing ferroptosis accompanied by up-regulation of lipid peroxidation, ROS, and Fe2+. Further studies showed that circ_WASF2 could attenuate ferroptosis by targeting miR-634 and the downstream glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). GPX4 has been well-reported as a central factor in ferroptosis. Our research revealed a new pathway for regulating ferroptosis in PC. CONCLUSION: In summary, we have determined that circ_WASF2/miR-634/GPX4 contributed to ferroptosis-induced cell death, and provided a possible therapeutic target in PC.

20.
iScience ; 27(5): 109744, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711442

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is the highest worldwide cancer mortality cause among gynecologic tumors, but its underlying molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. Here, we report that the RNA binding protein A-kinase anchoring protein 8 (AKAP8) is highly expressed in ovarian cancer and predicts poor prognosis for ovarian cancer patients. AKAP8 promotes ovarian cancer progression through regulating cell proliferation and metastasis. Mechanically, AKAP8 is enriched at chromatin and regulates the transcription of the specific hnRNPUL1 isoform. Moreover, AKAP8 phase separation modulates the hnRNPUL1 short isoform transcription. Ectopic expression of the hnRNPUL1 short isoform could partially rescue the growth inhibition effect of AKAP8-knockdown in ovarian cancer cells. In addition, AKAP8 modulates PARP1 expression through hnRNPUL1, and AKAP8 inhibition enhances PAPR inhibitor cytotoxicity in ovarian cancer. Together, our study uncovers the crucial function of AKAP8 condensation-mediated transcription regulation, and targeting AKAP8 could be potential for improvement of ovarian cancer therapy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...