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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130749, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375886

RESUMO

To improve the quality of cultured large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea), this study was performed to study the impacts of glycerol monolaurate (GML) on the nutritional value, growth performance, muscle texture, and taste intensity of L. crocea. The results showed that GML as a feed additive significantly increased the crude lipid content and reduced the diameters of muscle fibers, which in turn markedly altered the flesh texture in terms of cohesiveness. Moreover, the taste indicators (umami and richness) and flavor-related amino acid (glutamic acid, glycine, and proline) contents of L. crocea muscle were significantly higher in the GML group. Metabolomic and gene expression analyses showed that GML supplementation could significantly improve amino acid biosynthesis and metabolism, promote protein and lipid synthesis, and activate myogenic-related signaling pathways of L. crocea. Consequently, adding an appropriate amount of GML to fish feed would be conducive to providing healthy, nutrient-rich and acceptably flavored aquatic-products.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Expressão Gênica , Lauratos , Monoglicerídeos , Perciformes/genética
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150699, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600993

RESUMO

Rapid composting by black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) may be insufficient to maturation and humification of composting and further composting is necessary. The purpose of this study was to explore cornstalk addition on toxic metals (Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd), toxic metals resistance bacterial (TMRB) destiny and their relationship with physicochemical factors during BSFL manure composting. High-throughput sequencing was performed by six treatments, namely T1 to T6, where T1 to T3 were BSFL manures from chicken, pig and dairy manure, respectively, and T4 to T6 were same manures and utilized cornstalk to adjust C/N to 25. The results showed that cornstalk amendment could enhance the toxic metals immobilization rate compared to control treatments in the ultimate product. TMRB indicated that the major potential hosts bacteria were Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, Proteobacteria, Acidobacteriota and Actinobacteriota, and the sum relative abundance were 63.33%, 90.62%, 83.62%, 69.38%, 50.66% and 90.52% in T1 to T6 at the end of composting. Bacteria diversity and heat map revealed composting micro-ecology with additive cornstalk to remarkably effect main resistant bacterial distribution via adjusting environmental factors and potential hosts bacterial. Finally, T5 treatment was able to greatly decrease the TMRB abundance, and improve the ability of composting and ultimate product quality.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118368, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656676

RESUMO

As one of the predominant compositions of PM2.5 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm), carbonaceous aerosols not only have adverse effects on air quality, but also can affect climate change. Although there are extensive recent studies on carbonaceous aerosols, comprehensive studies on their socioeconomic influencing factors in a resource-based city are relatively limited. In this study, the spatial-temporal variations of organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), and secondary organic carbon (SOC) were investigated in January, July, and October in 2015 and April in 2016 in Wuhai and its surrounding areas. The population distribution and industry layout have led to the uneven spatial-temporal distribution of carbonaceous aerosols. The concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols were higher in winter due to the unfavorable meteorology and the increased emissions from heating. The SOC is a significant contributor to OC in the cold season (52.0% for January). Primary carbonaceous aerosols pollution is higher in the industrial sites of resource-based cities, whereas the SOC makes a significant contribution in the residential sites. The results of backward-trajectory and concentration-weighted trajectory analysis suggest that the local emissions and short-range atmospheric transport from nearby areas have a significant impact on PM2.5 and carbonaceous aerosols. A strong correlation between population density and OC/EC ratio was found, indicating that the megacities with high population density have a higher SOC contribution than the resource-based cities. Resource-based cities are characterized by high level of primary OC emissions, whereas cities with high energy efficiency have a more significant SOC contribution. These results provide a more comprehensive understanding of carbonaceous aerosols in a resource-based city.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Carbono/análise , China , Cidades , Conservação de Recursos Energéticos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Tamanho da Partícula , Material Particulado/análise , Densidade Demográfica , Estações do Ano
4.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131896, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426268

RESUMO

The completely autotrophic nitrogen-removal over nitrite (CANON) process has merits in energy saving and consumption reducing, thus being considered as an attractive alternative over the common denitrification technology. In this study, the effects of three common heavy metals (Cu2+, Zn2+ and Mn2+) in wastewater to the CANON process were evaluated comprehensively. A central composite design with response surface methodology was utilized to investigate the joint effect of these three metal ions on the nitrogen removal performance of CANON process. In accordance with the determined optimal dosage in batch tests, four bioreactors were established with different amounts of heavy metal dosage in long-term operation, which determined the optimal concentrations for Cu2+, Zn2+ and Mn2+ to be 0.25, 0.81 and 1.00 mg/L, respectively. However, the optimal dosing level determined in batch tests showed no promotion during long-term experiment. This indicated that the actual concentration of heavy metals in bioreactors during long-term operation could be higher than expectation, leading to the difference between short-term tests and long-term experiment. The distribution of metal ions revealed that Mn2+ was mainly absorbed in anammox bacteria cells while Cu2+ and Zn2+ were mostly identified inside AOB cells. Moreover, the addition of heavy metals consistently showed positive effects for the relative abundance of AOB, while only a low level of dosage could promote the abundance of anammox bacteria. Furthermore, a mathematical model was established to simulate the CANON system considering the impacts of heavy metals, which was calibrated and validated using independent dataset in this study.


Assuntos
Nitritos , Nitrogênio , Processos Autotróficos , Reatores Biológicos , Desnitrificação , Zinco
5.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118392, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678392

RESUMO

The short-term effects of ambient temperature on mortality have been widely investigated. However, the epidemiological evidence on the long-term effects of temperature on mortality is rare. In present study, we conducted a nationwide quasi-experimental design, which based on a variant of difference-in-differences (DID) approach, to examine the association between long-term exposure to ambient temperature and mortality risk in China, and to analyze the effect modification of population characteristics and socioeconomic status. Data on mortality were collected from 364 communities across China during 2006-2017, and environmental data were obtained for the same period. We estimated a 2.93 % (95 % CI: 2.68 %, 3.18 %) increase in mortality risk per 1 °C decreases in annual temperature, the greater effects were observed on respiratory diseases (5.16 %, 95 % CI: 4.53 %, 5.79 %) than cardiovascular diseases (3.43 %, 95 % CI: 3.06 %, 3.80 %), and on younger people (4.21 %, 95 % CI: 3.73 %, 4.68 %) than the elderly (2.36 %, 95 % CI: 2.06 %, 2.65 %). In seasonal analysis, per 1 °C decreases in average temperature was associated with 1.55 % (95 % CI: 1.23 %, 1.87 %), -0.53 % (95 % CI: -0.89 %, -0.16 %), 2.88 % (95 % CI: 2.45 %, 3.31 %) and 4.21 % (95 % CI: 3.98 %, 4.43 %) mortality change in spring, summer, autumn and winter, respectively. The effects of long-term temperature on total mortality were more pronounced among the communities with low urbanization, low education attainment, and low GDP per capita. In total, the decrease of average temperature in summer decreased mortality risk, while increased mortality risk in other seasons, and the associations were modified by demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Our findings suggest that populations with disadvantaged characteristics and socioeconomic status are vulnerable to long-term exposure of temperature, and targeted policies should be formulated to strengthen the response to the health threats of temperature exposure.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Idoso , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Mortalidade , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
6.
Environ Res ; 203: 111834, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358501

RESUMO

Age-specific discrepancy of mortality burden attributed to temperature, measured as years of life lost (YLL), has been rarely investigated. We investigated age-specific temperature-YLL rates (per 100,000) relationships and quantified YLL per death caused by non-optimal temperature in China. We collected daily meteorological data, population data and daily death counts from 364 locations in China during 2006-2017. YLL was divided into three age groups (0-64 years, 65-74 years, and ≥75 years). A distributed lag non-linear model was first employed to estimate the associations of temperature with age-specific YLL rates in each location. Then we pooled the associations using a multivariate meta-analysis. Finally, we calculated age-specific average YLL per death caused by temperature by cause of death and region. We observed greater effects of cold and hot temperature on YLL rates for the elderly compared with the young population by region or cause of death. However, YLL per death due to non-optimal temperature for different regions or causes of death decreased with age, with 2.0 (95 % CI:1.5, 2.5), 1.2 (1.1, 1.4) and 1.0 years (0.9, 1.2) life loss per death for populations aged 0-64 years, 65-74 years and over 75 years, respectively. Most life loss per death results from moderate temperature, especially moderate cold for all age groups. The effect of non-optimal temperature on YLL rates is smaller for younger populations than older ones, while the temperature-related life loss per death was more prominent for younger populations.

8.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850404

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global health emergency. Early detection and intervention are key factors for improving outcomes in patients with COVID-19. Real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction-based molecular assays and antibody for detecting SARS-CoV-2 in respiratory specimens are the current reference standard for COVID-19 diagnosis. Clinical implications of different specimen types for nucleic acid and antibody testing of COVID-19 in Zhongnan hospital of Wuhan University were analyzed. Compared with health groups, tumor patients had higher rate of SARS-CoV-2 (+/-) IgM (+) IgG (+). The rate of SARS-CoV-2 (-) IgM (+) IgG (-) or SARS-CoV-2 (-) IgM (-) IgG (+) in female was significantly higher than that in male. These results can help governments to take screening measures to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic again. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748785

RESUMO

Catalysts based on cellulose/metal oxide hybrids are considered effective for the remediation of dye wastewater. However, the difficult recovery of commonly used nanocellulose and the weak binding strength of metal oxide nanoparticles restrict their wide application. Herein, MnO2 nanoparticle-loaded poly(amidoxime-hydroxamic acid) modified microcrystalline cellulose (pAHA-MCC@MnO2) catalysts were synthesized via an oximation reaction followed by in-situ growth. Morphology, crystallinity and textural characteristics of pAHA-MCC before and after deposition of MnO2 nanoparticles were characterized by SEM, EDS, FTIR, XRD and XPS analyses. The main results indicated the formation of hierarchical porous structured cellulose microrods with uniform distribution of hydrangea flower-like MnO2 nanoparticles. In the presence of H2O2, pAHA-MCC@MnO2 displayed good catalytic performance toward the degradation of methylene blue (MB) over a wide pH range of 3-10, due to the advanced Fenton-like catalysis. Reaction conditions, such as amount of H2O2 used, the initial MB concentration and catalyst dosage were also investigated. The optimized system showed 97.6% removal of MB in 25 min for 100 mg/L MB solution, with very little decrease in performance after 5 cycles. This work provides a facile and promising strategy for the development of biodegradable and sustainable architectures capable of efficiently degrading dye wastewater.

10.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 745409, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760926

RESUMO

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) is characterized by high malignancy, frequent metastasis, and recurrence with an unfavorable prognosis. This study is aimed at constructing a prognostic model for tumor-infiltrating immune cells and a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network in PAAD and analyzing susceptibilities of chemotherapy and immunotherapy of PAAD. Gene expression profiles and clinical information of PAAD were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and divided into the tumor group and the normal group. A total of five PAAD survival-related key genes in the ceRNA network and three survival-related immune infiltrating cells were uncovered, and two survival risk models and nomograms were constructed. The efficiency and performance of the two models were verified using multi-index area under the curve analysis at different time points, decision curve analysis, and calibration curves. Co-expression analysis showed that LRRC1, MIR600HG, and RNF166 in the ceRNA network and tumor-infiltrating immune cells including CD8 T cells and M1 macrophages were likely related to the PAAD prognosis, and the expression of key ceRNA-related genes was experimently validated in tissues and cell lines by RT-qPCR. Patients with low risk scores for key genes in the ceRNA network displayed a positive response to anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1) treatment and greater sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs such as docetaxel, lapatinib, and paclitaxel. More importantly, our results suggested that the IC50 values of gemcitabine in PAAD were not significantly different between the high and low risk groups. The expression levels of immune checkpoints were significantly different in the high-risk and low-risk groups. The prognostic model, nomogram, and drug analysis may provide an essential reference for PAAD patient management in the clinic.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27483, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of loco-regional treatments such as hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) in terms of survival and response rate is unclear. The aim of this work is to quantitatively summarize the results of both randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized studies of interventions (NRSIs) comparing fluoropyrimidine-HAI (F-HAI) to systemic chemotherapy (SCT) for the treatment of colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs). METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science up to July 1, 2021. The outcome measures were tumor response rate and overall survival (OS). Both RCTs and NRSIs comparing HAI to SCT for patients with unresectable CRLMs were included. The outcome measures were tumor response rate and OS. Two reviewers assessed trial quality and extracted data independently. All statistical analyses were performed using standard statistical procedures provided in Review Manager 5.2. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies including 11 RCTs and 5 NRSIs were identified for the present meta-analysis. Nine RCTs compared F-HAI to SCT for patients with unresectable CRLMs and the pooled result indicated that patients who received F-HAI experienced more than twofold response rate than SCT, with a pooled risk ratio of 2.10 (95%CI 1.59-2.79; P < .00001). In addition, the pooled result based on RCTs showed that F-HAI had a significant benefit regarding OS, with a pooled HR of 0.83 (95% CI 0.70-0.99; P = .04). Similarly, the benefit of F-HAI in terms of OS was also observed in the results of NRSIs. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that the F-HAI regimen had a greater tumor response rate and survival advantage than SCT for patients with unresectable CRLMs. Future propensity score-matched analyses with a large sample size should be conducted to support the evidence of our results based on RCTs and NRSIs.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Infusões Intra-Arteriais/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antimetabólitos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Mass Spectrom Rev ; : e21741, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719806

RESUMO

Cancers are caused by accumulated DNA mutations. This recognition of the central role of mutations in cancer and recent advances in next-generation sequencing, has initiated the massive screening of clinical samples and the identification of 1000s of cancer-associated gene mutations. However, proteomic analysis of the expressed mutation products lags far behind genomic (transcriptomic) analysis. With comprehensive global proteomics analysis, only a small percentage of single nucleotide variants detected by DNA and RNA sequencing have been observed as single amino acid variants due to current technical limitations. Proteomic analysis of mutations is important with the potential to advance cancer biomarker development and the discovery of new therapeutic targets for more effective disease treatment. Targeted proteomics using selected reaction monitoring (also known as multiple reaction monitoring) and parallel reaction monitoring, has emerged as a powerful tool with significant advantages over global proteomics for analysis of protein mutations in terms of detection sensitivity, quantitation accuracy and overall practicality (e.g., reliable identification and the scale of quantification). Herein we review recent advances in the targeted proteomics technology for enhancing detection sensitivity and multiplexing capability and highlight its broad biomedical applications for analysis of protein mutations in human bodily fluids, tissues, and cell lines. Furthermore, we review recent applications of top-down proteomics for analysis of protein mutations. Unlike the commonly used bottom-up proteomics which requires digestion of proteins into peptides, top-down proteomics directly analyzes intact proteins for more precise characterization of mutation isoforms. Finally, general perspectives on the potential of achieving both high sensitivity and high sample throughput for large-scale targeted detection and quantification of important protein mutations are discussed.

13.
J Nutr Biochem ; : 108902, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748920

RESUMO

A diet high in saturated fat leads to skeletal muscle deteriorations including insulin resistance, mitochondrial dysfunction and muscle fiber atrophy. Consumption of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and exercise have shown promise in ameliorating high-fat diet (HFD)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. However, the impact of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) on mitochondrial homeostasis in muscle is largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether 12 weeks of EVOO feeding alone and in conjunction with endurance training could protect against metabolic and mitochondrial dysfunction rat muscle with HFD. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups fed a control diet (C), HFD, EVOO diet, and EVOO diet with training (EVOO+T). Mitochondrial enzyme activity and protein content decreased with HFD compared to C, but were restored with EVOO and EVOO+T. EVOO+T elevated muscle cytochrome c and PGC-1α levels. HFD increased muscle proteolytic markers and protein ubiquitination, whereas these effects were not seen in EVOO and EVOO+T. HFD suppressed mitochondrial fusion protein level while increasing fission protein levels, but were restored with EVOO and EVOO+T. Mitophagy marker PINK1 content decreased with HFD, but was unchanged in EVOO and EVOO+T. EVOO+T upregulated autophagy markers, along with decreased phosphorylated/dephosphorylated FoxO3 ratio. Antioxidants enzyme levels were upregulated by EVOO and EVOO+T, and EVOO+T reduced HFD-induced lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, HFD impaired muscle oxidative capacity, promoted protein ubiquitination and mitochondrial fission, and upregulated autophagy markers. Replacement of HFD with EVOO corrected the observed adverse effects, while exercise training in conjunction with EVOO provided additional protection to the muscle.

14.
Anim Nutr ; 7(4): 1133-1144, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754955

RESUMO

The current NRC dietary selenium (Se) requirement (0.15 mg/kg) of broilers is primarily based on growth performance data reported in 1986. Our study aimed to determine optimal dietary Se levels of broilers fed a practical corn-soybean meal diet for the full expression of selenoproteins in various tissues. A total of 384 one-d-old male broilers (n = 8 replicates/diet) were fed a basal corn-soybean meal diet or the basal diet supplemented with 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 or 0.5 mg Se/kg in the form of Na2SeO3 for 21 d. Regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the optimal dietary Se levels using broken-line, quadratic or asymptotic models. The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in the plasma, liver, kidney and pancreas, iodothyronine deiodinase (DIO) in the plasma, liver and pancreas, and thioredoxin reductase (Txnrd) in the liver and pancreas, the mRNA levels of Gpx1, Gpx4, Dio1, selenoprotein (Seleno) h, Selenop and Selenou in the liver, Gpx4, Dio1, Txnrd1, Txnrd2, Selenoh, Selenop and Selenou in the kidney, and Gpx1, Gpx4, Selenoh and Selenou in the pancreas, and the protein levels of GPX4 in the liver and kidney of broilers were influenced (P < 0.05) by added Se levels, and increased quadratically (P < 0.05) with the increase of added Se levels. The estimates of optimal dietary Se levels were 0.07 to 0.36 mg/kg based on the fitted broken-line, quadratic or asymptotic models (P < 0.001) of the aforementioned selenoprotein expression in the plasma, liver and kidney, and 0.09 to 0.46 mg/kg based on the fitted broken-line models (P < 0.001) of the aforementioned selenoprotein expression in the pancreas. The results indicate that the optimal dietary Se levels would be 0.36 mg/kg to support the full expression of selenoproteins in the plasma, liver and kidney, and 0.46 mg/kg to support the full expression of selenoproteins in the pancreas of broilers fed a practical corn-soybean meal diet from 1 to 21 d of age.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 757505, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759796

RESUMO

Statins are used in clinical practice to prevent from complications such as cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). However, the efficacy and safety of statins are still controversial due to insufficient evidence from randomized controlled trials and inconsistent results of the existing studies. This meta-analysis aimed to systematically review the latest evidence on the time window and complications of statins in aSAH. The randomized controlled trials in the databases of The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, and Wanfang from January 2005 to April 2021 were searched and analyzed systematically. Data analysis was performed using Stata version 16.0. The fixed-effects model (M-H method) with effect size risk ratio (RR) was used for subgroups with homogeneity, and the random-effects model (D-L method) with effect size odds ratio (OR) was used for subgroups with heterogeneity. The primary outcomes were poor neurological prognosis and all-cause mortality, and the secondary outcomes were cerebral vasospasm (CVS) and statin-related complications. This study was registered with PROSPERO (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews; CRD42021247376). Nine studies comprising 1,464 patients were included. The Jadad score of the patients was 5-7. Meta-analysis showed that poor neurological prognosis was reduced in patients who took oral statins for 14 days (RR, 0.73 [0.55-0.97]; I 2 = 0%). Surprisingly, the continuous use of statins for 21 days had no significant effect on neurological prognosis (RR, 1.04 [0.89-1.23]; I 2 = 17%). Statins reduced CVS (OR, 0.51 [0.36-0.71]; I 2 = 0%) but increased bacteremia (OR, 1.38 [1.01-1.89]; I 2 = 0%). In conclusion, a short treatment course of statins over 2 weeks may improve neurological prognosis. Statins were associated with reduced CVS. Based on the pathophysiological characteristics of CVS and the evaluation of prognosis, 2 weeks could be the optimal time window for statin treatment in aSAH, although bacteremia may increase.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733343

RESUMO

Objectives: To systematically collate, appraise, and synthesize the current evidence on the Xuebijing injection (XBJI) for sepsis. Methods: Eight databases were searched for systematic reviews (SRs) or meta-analyses (MAs) on XBJI for sepsis. Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews-2 (AMSTAR-2), Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methods were used to assess the methodological quality, reporting quality, and evidence quality of the enrolled studies, respectively. Results: Out of the 13 studies that were included, all studies were rated critically low quality based on AMSTAR-2 results. Based on the results obtained from PRISMA, all studies were reported to be over 80%, while the GRADE system yielded three outcome measures rated high-quality, 16 were of moderate quality, and the rest were of low or critically low quality. Conclusions: The combination of XBJI and Western medicine (WM) showed significant synergy for the treatment of sepsis compared to WM alone. However, this conclusion should be treated with caution since the quality of the SRs/MAs providing the evidence was relatively low.

17.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 543, 2021 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has increased the physical and psychological stress of medical workers. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of job burnout and its impact on work ability among Biosafety Laboratory (BSL) staffs during the COVID-19 epidemic in Xinjiang. METHODS: A total of 7911 qualified BSL staffs in Xinjiang were investigated by electronic questionnaires. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) was used for job burnout survey. Work Ability Index (WAI) was used for work ability survey. The prevalence and risk factors of job burnout in BSL staffs were analyzed through chi square test, t-test and one-way ANOVA. And then, the influence of demographic and job-related variables, i.e., confounding factors, were eliminated to the greatest extent by the propensity score analysis (PSA) method, to investigate the impact of job burnout on work ability in BSL staffs. RESULTS: A total of 67.6% BSL staffs experienced job burnout. There were significant differences in the detection rate of job burnout among demographic and job-related variables, including gender, age, ethnicity, education, working years, professional title, marital status, number of night shift per month and overall sleep condition (all P < 0.05). The detection rate of job burnout in female was higher than that in male. The detection rates of job burnout in 45-50 years old, Han ethnicity, education of postgraduate or above, 11-20 years of working, intermediate professional title, married, staff with many night shifts per month and poor overall sleep condition were higher than that of other groups. The average burnout scores of the Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Cynicism (CY), Reduced Personal Accomplishment (PA) scale were 10.00 ± 5.99, 4.64 ± 4.59 and 15.25 ± 8.16, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the three dimensions of job burnout, i.e., EE, CY, PE, were negatively correlated with work ability and significantly affected the work ability of BSL staffs (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the prevalence of job burnout is extremely common among BSL staffs. In addition, the work ability decreases with the increase of job burnout and the improvement of job burnout can enhance work ability among BSL staffs.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Epidemias , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Laboratórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769995

RESUMO

In order to estimate the associations of different adiposity indicators and long-term adiposity changes with risk of incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM), we conducted a 10-year prospective cohort study of 7441 adults in Guizhou, China, from 2010 to 2020. Adiposity was measured at baseline and follow-up. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimated hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). A total of 764 new diabetes cases were identified over an average follow-up of 7.06 years. Adiposity indicators, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), and long-term adiposity changes (both weight change and WC change) were significantly associated with an increased risk of T2DM (adjusted HRs: 1.16-1.48). Significant non-linear relationships were found between weight/WC change and incident T2DM. Compared with subjects with stable WC from baseline to follow-up visit, the subjects with WC gain ≥9 cm had a 1.61-fold greater risk of T2DM; those with WC loss had a 30% lower risk. Furthermore, the associations were stronger among participants aged 40 years or older, women, and Han Chinese. Preventing weight or WC gain and promoting maintenance of normal body weight or WC are important approaches for diabetes prevention, especially for the elderly, women, and Han Chinese.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura , Relação Cintura-Quadril
19.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758188

RESUMO

Arctium lappa has a long medicinal and edible history with great economic importance. Here, the first high-quality chromosome-level draft genome of A. lappa was presented by the Illumina and PacBio sequencing data. The assembled genome was approximately 1.79 Gb with a N50 contig size of 6.88 Mb. Approximately 1.70 Gb (95.4%) of the contig sequences were anchored onto 18 chromosomes using Hi-C data; the scaffold N50 was improved to be 91.64 Mb. Furthermore, we obtained 1.12 Gb (68.46%) of repetitive sequences and 32,771 protein-coding genes; 616 positively selected candidate genes were identified. Among candidate genes related to lignan biosynthesis, the following were found to be highly correlated with the accumulation of arctiin: 4-coumarate-CoA ligase (4CL), dirigent protein (DIR), and hydroxycinnamoyl transferase (HCT). Additionally, we compared the transcriptomes of A. lappa roots at three different developmental stages and identified 8,943 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in these tissues. These data can be utilized to identify genes related to A. lappa quality or provide a basis for molecular identification and comparative genomics among related species.

20.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute brainstem infarctions can lead to serious functional impairments. We aimed to predict functional outcomes in patients with acute brainstem infarction using deep neuroimaging features extracted by convolutional neural networks (CNNs). METHODS: This nationwide multicenter stroke registry study included 1482 patients with acute brainstem infarction. We applied CNNs to automatically extract deep neuroimaging features from diffusion-weighted imaging. Deep learning models based on clinical features, laboratory features, conventional imaging features (infarct volume, number of infarctions), and deep neuroimaging features were trained to predict functional outcomes at 3 months poststroke. Unfavorable outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale score of 3 or higher at 3 months. The models were evaluated by comparing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: A model based solely on 14 deep neuroimaging features from CNNs achieved an extremely high AUC of 0.975 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.934-0.997) and significantly outperformed the model combining clinical, laboratory, and conventional imaging features (0.772, 95% CI = 0.691-0.847, p < 0.001) in prediction of functional outcomes. The deep neuroimaging model also demonstrated significant improvement over traditional prognostic scores. In an interpretability analysis, the deep neuroimaging features displayed a significant correlation with age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, infarct volume, and inflammation factors. CONCLUSIONS: Deep learning models can successfully extract objective neuroimaging features from the routine radiological data in an automatic manner and aid in predicting the functional outcomes in patients with brainstem infarction at 3 months with very high accuracy.

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