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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110286, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753397

RESUMO

Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a promising approach to repair cartilage defects; however, the cartilage trauma-induced inflammatory environment compromises its clinical outcomes. Cell-derived decellularized extracellular matrix (DECM) has been used as a culture substrate for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to improve the cell proliferation and lineage-specific differentiation. In this study, DECM deposited by synovium-derived MSCs was used as an in vitro expansion system for rabbit articular chondrocytes and the response of DECM-expanded chondrocytes to pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was evaluated. Compared with those grown on tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS), the proliferation rate was significantly improved in DECM-expanded chondrocytes. TCPS- and DECM-expanded chondrocytes were isolated and induced to redifferentiation in a high-density pellet culture. DECM-expanded chondrocytes exerted a stronger resistance to 1 ng/mL of IL-1ß than TCPS-expanded cells, but the production of cartilage matrix in both groups was inhibited by 5 ng/mL of IL-1ß. When exposed to 1 or 5 ng/mL of TNF-α, DECM-expanded chondrocytes showed higher levels of cartilage matrix synthesis than TCPS-expanded cells. In addition, the gene expression of IL-1ß- or TNF-α-induced matrix degrading enzymes (MMP3, MMP9, MMP13, and ADAMTS5) was significantly lower in DECM-expanded chondrocytes than TCPS-expanded cells. Furthermore, we found that SIRT1 inhibition by nicotinamide completely counteracted the protective effect of DECM on chondrocytes in the presence of IL-1ß or TNF-α, indicating that the SIRT1 signaling pathway was involved in the DECM-mediated enhancement of anti-inflammatory properties of chondrocytes. Taken together, this work suggests that stem cell-derived DECM is a superior culture substrate for in vitro chondrocyte expansion by improving proliferation and enhancing the anti-inflammatory properties of chondrocytes. DECM-expanded chondrocytes with enhanced anti-inflammatory properties hold great potential in clinically ACI-based cartilage repair.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109607, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726371

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) highly upregulated in liver cancer (HULC) has been identified as an oncogene involved in many human cancers. Herein, we aimed to further explore the role and molecular mechanism of HULC in gastric cancer (GC) progression. The levels of HULC, miR-9-5p and myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) mRNA were detected by qRT-PCR. The targeted interaction between HULC and miR-9-5p was verified by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays. Cell proliferation assay, cell colony formation, flow cytometry and transwell assay were used to determine cell proliferation, colony formation, apoptosis and migration and invasion, respectively. Xenograft assay was used to observe the effect of HULC on GC growth in vivo. Our results revealed that HULC was upregulated and miR-9-5p was downregulated in GC, and both were associated with clinicopathologic features of GC patients. A positive correlation was found between HULC expression and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of GC tissues. Moreover, HULC repressed miR-9-5p expression by binding to miR-9-5p. The regulatory effects of HULC knockdown on GC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, EMT and apoptosis were reversed by introduction of anti-miR-9-5p. HULC regulated MYH9 expression by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-9-5p in GC cells. HULC knockdown inhibited tumor growth in vivo. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that HULC knockdown repressed GC progression at least partly by regulating miR-9-5p/MYH9 axis.

3.
Acta Pharm ; 70(1): 35-47, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677374

RESUMO

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common disease that causes severe inflammation and even disabilities. Previous studies have reported baicalein to have an anti-inflammatory effect. However, the pharmacological action of baicalein on anaphylaxis has not been clarified yet. This study assessed the in vivo protective effect of baicalein post-treatment in an ameliorating ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized AR rat model. Baicalein attenuated histological alterations, aberrant tissue repair and inflammation after OVA-induced AR. Baicalein reduced the frequency of nasal/ear rubs and sneezes in rats, and inhibited generation of several inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) in both blood and nasal lavage of rats. Infiltrations of eosinophils, lymphocyte, and neutrophils were decreased in baicalein-administered rats. Furthermore, baicalein inhibited the expression of STAT3 phosphorylation in the nasal mucosa. In summary, baicalein attenuated OVA-induced AR and inflammation, which suggests it as a promising therapeutic agent for the alleviation of AR-associated inflammation and pathology.

4.
Environ Pollut ; : 113663, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796316

RESUMO

Cell wall acts as a major metal sink in plant roots, while a few studies focused on root cell wall binding in plants for the phytostabilization of multi-metal contaminated soils. A pot experiment was performed to characterize root cell wall properties of the mining ecotype (ME) and non-mining ecotype (NME) of Athyrium wardii (Hook.) in response to Cd and Pb. The cell wall was found to be the major sink for Cd (41.3-54.3%) and Pb (71.4-73.8%) accumulation in roots of the ME when exposed to Cd and/or Pb. The ME showed more Cd and Pb accumulation in root cell walls when exposed to Cd and Pb simultaneously, compared with those exposed to single Cd or Pb as well as the NME, suggesting some modifications for cell walls. The uronic acid contents of pectin and hemicellulose 1 (HC1) in root cell walls of the ME increased significantly when exposed to Cd and Pb simultaneously, suggesting enhanced cell wall binding capacity, thus resulting in more Cd and Pb bound to pectin and HC1. In particular, pectin was found to be the predominant binding site for Cd and Pb. Greater pectin methylesterase activity along with a lower degree of methylesterification were observed in the cell walls of the ME when exposed to Cd and Pb simultaneously. Furthermore, the ME present more O-H, N-H, C-OH, C-O-C, C-C and/or Ar-H in root cell walls when exposed to Cd and Pb simultaneously. These changes of root cell wall properties of the ME lead to enhanced cell wall binding ability in response to the co-contamination of Cd and Pb, thus could be considered a key process for enhanced Cd and Pb accumulation in roots of the ME when exposed to Cd and Pb simultaneously.

5.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800029

RESUMO

A nuclease from Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. palearctica (Nucyep) is a newly found thermostable nonspecific nuclease. The heat-resisting ability of this nuclease would be extremely useful in biological research or pharmaceutical production. However, the application of this nuclease is limited because of its poor yield. This research aimed to improve Nucyep productivity by producing a novel genetically engineered Escherichia coli and optimizing the production procedures. After 4 h of induction by lactose, the new genetically engineered E. coli can express a substantial amount of Nucyep in the form of inclusion bodies. The yield was approximately 0.3 g of inclusion bodies in 1 g of bacteria pellets. The inclusion bodies were extracted by sonication and solubilized in an 8 M urea buffer. Protein renaturation was successfully achieved by dilution method. Pure enzyme was obtained after subjecting to anion exchange. The Nucyep showed its nonspecific and heat resistant properties as previous report. Through quantification method, its activity was determined to be 1.3 × 106 K.U./mg. These results can serve as a reference for increasing Nucyep production.

6.
Nat Mater ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792424

RESUMO

Membranes with fast and selective ion transport are widely used for water purification and devices for energy conversion and storage including fuel cells, redox flow batteries and electrochemical reactors. However, it remains challenging to design cost-effective, easily processed ion-conductive membranes with well-defined pore architectures. Here, we report a new approach to designing membranes with narrow molecular-sized channels and hydrophilic functionality that enable fast transport of salt ions and high size-exclusion selectivity towards small organic molecules. These membranes, based on polymers of intrinsic microporosity containing Tröger's base or amidoxime groups, demonstrate that exquisite control over subnanometre pore structure, the introduction of hydrophilic functional groups and thickness control all play important roles in achieving fast ion transport combined with high molecular selectivity. These membranes enable aqueous organic flow batteries with high energy efficiency and high capacity retention, suggesting their utility for a variety of energy-related devices and water purification processes.

7.
Drug Deliv ; 26(1): 1280-1291, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793355

RESUMO

To obtain a high-efficiency drug and gene co-delivery system to HNE-1 tumor therapy, a polymeric prodrug (PAAs-MTX) with chemotherapeutic sensibilization was synthesized consisting of a GSH-response hyperbranched poly(amido amine) (PAAs) and an antitumor drug of methotrexate (MTX). Then, the targeting molecule to HNE-1 cells, transferrin (Tf), was conjugated to form the Tf-PAAs-MTX. This polymeric prodrug could deliver MMP-9 shRNA plasmid (pMMP-9) again to form the drug and gene co-delivery system of Tf-PAAs-MTX/pMMP-9. The co-delivery system showed the effective drug and gene delivery ability with high cytotoxicity and gene transfection efficiency to HNE-1 cells. Besides that, Tf-PAAs-MTX also showed the chemotherapeutic sensibilization effect, the formulation containing PAAs segments showed much higher cytotoxicity than that of free MTX. Benefiting from the sensibilization effect and MTX/pMMP-9 co-delivery strategy, this Tf-PAAs-MTX/pMMP-9 co-delivery system exhibited the significantly improved therapeutic efficacy to HNE-1 tumor in a combined manner which was confirmed by in vitro and in vivo assays. Moreover, its biocompatibility, especially the blood compatibility was analyzed. This polymeric prodrug provided an easily delivery system combining the drug/gene co-delivery, chemotherapeutic sensibilization and targeting into one single platform, which showed a promising application in nasopharyngeal carcinoma therapy.

8.
Drug Deliv ; 26(1): 1092-1103, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735092

RESUMO

Drug nanosuspensions/nanocrystals have been recognized as one useful and successful approach for drug delivery. Drug nanocrystals could be further decorated to possess extended functions (such as controlled release) and designed for special in vivo applications (such as drug tracking), which make best use of the advantages of drug nanocrystals. A lot of novel and advanced size reduction methods have been invented recently for special drug deliveries. In addition, some novel downstream processes have been combined with nanosuspensions, which have highly broadened its application areas (such as targeting) besides traditional routes. A large number of recent research publication regarding as nanocrystals focuses on above mentioned aspects, which have widely attracted attention. This review will focus on the recent development of nanocrystals and give an overview of regarding modification of nanocrystal by some new approaches for tailor-made drug delivery.

9.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104422, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756377

RESUMO

Peniterester (1), a new tricyclic sesquiterpene, together with 6 known compounds (2-7) were isolated from the secondary metabolites of an artificial mutant Penicillium sp. T2-M20 which was obtained from the parental strain Penicillium sp. T2-8 via UV irradiation as well as nitrosoguanidine (NTG) induction. Peniterester was only produced by the mutant T2-M20 on the basis of LC-MS analysis. Meanwhile, the results of in vitro bioactivities screening indicated that peniterester owned obvious antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with MICs of 8.0, 8.0 and 4.0 µg/mL, respectively.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5420, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780658

RESUMO

Compared to nanomaterials exposing nonpolar facets, polar-faceted nanocrystals often exhibit unexpected and interesting properties. The electrostatic instability arising from the intrinsic dipole moments of polar facets, however, leads to different surface configurations in many cases, making it challenging to extract detailed structural information and develop structure-property relations. The widely used electron microscopy techniques are limited because the volumes sampled may not be representative, and they provide little chemical bonding information with low contrast of light elements. With ceria nanocubes exposing (100) facets as an example, here we show that the polar surface structure of oxide nanocrystals can be investigated by applying 17O and 1H solid-state NMR spectroscopy and dynamic nuclear polarization, combined with DFT calculations. Both CeO4-termination reconstructions and hydroxyls are present for surface polarity compensation and their concentrations can be quantified. These results open up new possibilities for investigating the structure and properties of oxide nanostructures with polar facets.

11.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 463, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overexpressed PES1 promotes carcinogenesis in various types of malignant tumors. However, the biological role and clinical significance of PES1 in pancreatic cancer are still unexplored. METHODS: The expression level of PES1 in pancreatic cancer cell lines and pancreatic cancer patient samples was determined using Western Blotting analysis, RT-qPCR analysis, immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of tissue microarray, and the GEPIA web tool. MTS assay, colony formation assay, and xenograft tumor assay were used to evaluate the tumor growth ability of pancreatic cancer cells. RESULTS: We established that the expression of PES1 was abnormally increased in pancreatic cancer tissues and led to poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. We also found that PES1 was responsible for promoting cell growth and contributed to bromodomain and cancer cell resistance to extra-terminal (BET) inhibitors in pancreatic cancer. Furthermore, we showed that PES1 interacted with BRD4 to enhance c-Myc expression, which is the primary cause of cancer cell resistance to BET inhibitors in pancreatic cancer. Finally, CDK5 inhibitors were proven to destabilize PES1 and overcome cancer cell resistance to BET inhibitors in pancreatic cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: We have shown that PES1 could be one of the promoting factors of tumor growth and a prognosis-related protein of pancreatic cancer. Targeting PES1 with CDK5 inhibitors might help overcome cancer cell resistance to BET inhibitors in pancreatic cancer cells.

12.
Exp Mol Med ; 51(11): 140, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740659

RESUMO

The main pathological mechanism of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is the programmed apoptosis of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. Oxidative stress is a significant cause of IVDD. Whether mitophagy is induced by strong oxidative stress in IVDD remains to be determined. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between oxidative stress and mitophagy and to better understand the mechanism of IVDD in vivo and in vitro. To this end, we obtained primary NP cells from the human NP and subsequently exposed them to TBHP. We observed that oxidative stress induced mitophagy to cause apoptosis in NP cells, and we suppressed mitophagy and found that NP cells were protected against apoptosis. Interestingly, TBHP resulted in mitophagy through the inhibition of the HIF-1α/NDUFA4L2 pathway. Therefore, the upregulation of mitochondrial NDUFA4L2 restricted mitophagy induced by oxidative stress. Furthermore, the expression levels of HIF-1α and NDUFA4L2 were decreased in human IVDD. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that the upregulation of NDUFA4L2 ameliorated the apoptosis of NP cells by repressing excessive mitophagy, which ultimately alleviated IVDD. These findings show for the first time that NDUFA4L2 and mitophagy may be potential therapeutic targets for IVDD.

13.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746378

RESUMO

Blueberry anthocyanin­enriched extract (BAE) has been demonstrated to protect against cardiovascular diseases by activating multiple target genes. The present study investigated the effects of BAE on transverse aortic constriction (TAC)­induced myocardial dysfunction in mice and explored its possible molecular mechanisms. A total of 30 male mice were divided randomly into control, TAC and TAC + BAE groups. Mice in the TAC + BAE groups were administered BAE by oral gavage for 6 consecutive weeks. Myocardial dysfunction was assessed using echocardiogram, histopathology, TUNEL assay, immunofluorescence staining, reverse transcription­quantitative PCR and western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that BAE treatment significantly ameliorated heart weight, left ventricular weight, myocardial dysfunction, left ventricular hypertrophy and fibrosis. In addition, BAE treatment alleviated TAC­induced inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis. Notably, BAE treatment markedly reduced asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) concentration and significantly increased dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH1) expression and nitric oxide (NO) production. The present data indicated that BAE treatment ameliorated TAC­induced myocardial dysfunction, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and apoptosis via the DDAH1/ADMA/NO signaling pathway.

14.
Phytother Res ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747092

RESUMO

Skin undergoes degenerative changes as it ages, which include the loss of elasticity, reductions in the epidermal thickness and collagen content, elastic fiber degeneration, and increased wrinkling and dryness. Skin aging can be significantly delayed by the administration of estrogen. Estrogen deficiency following menopause results in atrophic skin changes and the acceleration of skin aging. Estrogen administration has positive effects on human skin by delaying or preventing skin aging manifestations, but the use of estrogen replacement is a risk factor for breast and uterine cancer. Phytoestrogens are a large family of plant-derived molecules possessing various degrees of estrogen-like activity; they exhibit agonist or antagonist estrogenic properties depending on the tissue. These molecules could be ideal candidates to combat skin aging and other detrimental effects of hypoestrogenism. In this paper, we review the effects of phytoestrogens on human skin and the mechanisms by which phytoestrogens can alleviate the changes due to aging.

15.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2019: 9820210, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772623

RESUMO

Aims: GDF-15 is considered to be an important biomarker for cardiovascular events, but the differences in serum GDF-15 levels between acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients and non-AMI patients warrant further investigation. Methods: A cohort of 409 subjects was enrolled in the current study. The Syntax score was calculated from the baseline coronary angiography results by using online methods. Blood samples were obtained at the start of the study for an assessment of GDF-15 by using ELISA methods. Results: Patients with AMI had significantly higher levels of serum GDF-15 (Wilcox test, P < 0.001), Syntax scores (Wilcox test, P = 0.006), and left ventricular ejection fractions (LEVF, Wilcox test, P< 0.001). However, no significant differences were present among the other clinical characteristics. The logistical regression analysis indicated that serum GDF-15 levels (P=0.01534) were independent predictors of non-AMI and AMI after adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, and LVEF. Conclusions: Elevated serum levels of GDF-15 are independently associated with the risk of MI, and GDF-15 may serve as a protective factor for MI in the cardiovascular system.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 702: 134988, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715397

RESUMO

Miscarriage is one of the commonest complications of pregnancy. Although previous studies suggested that environmental factors were important causes of miscarriage, evidence is still inadequate. Here, we examined the association of maternal exposure to temperature with the risk of miscarriage and further assessed the modifying effects of surrounding residential greenness. A case-control study was conducted at a large hospital in Guangzhou, China. All participants' information was extracted from hospital records. An inverse distance weighted method was used to estimate the temperature exposure at each residential address, where the greenness was measured by Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). A logistic regression model was applied to estimate the association of temperature exposure with the risk of miscarriage. A total of 2044 cases of miscarriage and 2285 controls were included in the present study. We observed a generally non-linear positive relationship between temperature exposure and the risk of miscarriage. More pronounced effects of high temperatures vs. low temperatures were found during the two months prior to hospitalization than in other periods. The odds ratio (OR) of 29.4 °C (95th centile) compared with 15 °C during the first month prior to hospitalization was 1.480 (95% CI: 1.021-2.145). Smaller effects of temperatures were seen on the risk of miscarriage among participants with moderately great surrounding greenness compared with those with less greenness. We concluded that maternal exposure to moderately high temperature during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, but the modifying effects of greenness on these associations need to be further tested in future studies.

17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5478369, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781622

RESUMO

Vascular stent interventional therapy is the main method for clinical treatment of coronary artery diseases. However, due to the insufficient biocompatibility of cardiovascular materials, the implantation of stents often leads to serious adverse cardiac events. Surface biofunctional modification to improve the biocompatibility of vascular stents has been the focus of current research. In this study, based on the structure and function of extracellular matrix on vascular injury healing, a novel fibronectin-loaded poly-l-lysine/heparin nanoparticles was constructed for stent surface modification. In vitro blood compatibility evaluation results showed that the nanoparticles-modified surface could effectively reduce platelet adhesion and activation. In vitro cellular compatibility evaluation results indicated that the nanocoating may provide adequate efficacy in promoting the adhesion and proliferation of endothelial cells and thereby accelerate endothelialization. This study provides a new approach for the surface biological function modification of vascular stents.

18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5026, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690716

RESUMO

The majority of patients with neuroblastoma due to MYCN oncogene amplification and consequent N-Myc oncoprotein over-expression die of the disease. Here our analyses of RNA sequencing data identify the long noncoding RNA lncNB1 as one of the transcripts most over-expressed in MYCN-amplified, compared with MYCN-non-amplified, human neuroblastoma cells and also the most over-expressed in neuroblastoma compared with all other cancers. lncNB1 binds to the ribosomal protein RPL35 to enhance E2F1 protein synthesis, leading to DEPDC1B gene transcription. The GTPase-activating protein DEPDC1B induces ERK protein phosphorylation and N-Myc protein stabilization. Importantly, lncNB1 knockdown abolishes neuroblastoma cell clonogenic capacity in vitro and leads to neuroblastoma tumor regression in mice, while high levels of lncNB1 and RPL35 in human neuroblastoma tissues predict poor patient prognosis. This study therefore identifies lncNB1 and its binding protein RPL35 as key factors for promoting E2F1 protein synthesis, N-Myc protein stability and N-Myc-driven oncogenesis, and as therapeutic targets.

19.
Theranostics ; 9(24): 7108-7121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695756

RESUMO

Rationale The small molecule Kartogenin (KGN) promotes cartilage regeneration in osteoarthritis (OA) by activating stem cells differentiation, but its pharmacological mode-of-action remains unclear. KGN can be cleaved into 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) and phthalic acid (PA) following enzymolysis of an amide bond. Therefore, this study investigated whether 4-ABP or PA exerted the same action as KGN. Methods KGN, 4-ABP and PA were analyzed in cartilage of mice after oral, intravenous or intra-articular administration of KGN by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method. Their effect on proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) was evaluated in vitro. Furthermore, their effect on cartilage preservation was tested in mice OA model induced by destabilization of medial meniscus. OA severity was quantified using OARSI histological scoring. Transcriptional analysis was used to find the possible targets of the chemicals, which were further validated. Results We demonstrated that while oral or intra-articular KGN delivery effectively ameliorated OA phenotypes in mice, only 4-ABP was detectable in cartilage. 4-ABP could induce chondrogenic differentiation and proliferation of MSC in vitro and promote cartilage repair in OA mouse models mainly by increasing the number of CD44+/CD105+ stem-cell and prevention of matrix loss. These effect of 4-ABP was stronger than that of KGN. Transcriptional profiling of 4-ABP-stimulated MSC suggested that RPS6KA2 and the PI3K-Akt pathway were 4-ABP targets; 4-ABP could activate the PI3K-Akt pathway to promote MSC proliferation and repair OA injury, which was blocked in RPS6KA2-knockdown MSC or RPS6KA2-deficient mice. Conclusion 4-ABP bio-distribution in cartilage promotes proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation of MSC, and repairs osteoarthritic lesions via PI3K-Akt pathway activation.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16656, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723188

RESUMO

Based on seismic interferometry, the virtual source (VS) method is able to produce virtual gathers at buried receiver locations by crosscorrelating the direct-downgoing waves with corresponding reflected-upgoing waves from surface-source gathers. Theoretically, the VS records can improve seismic quality with less negative impact from overburdened complexities. However, shallow complex structures and weathering layers at near surface not only severely distort the wavepaths, but also introduce multiples, surface waves, scattering noise, and interference among different wave modes. These additional seismic responsescontaminate both direct-downgoing and reflected-upgoing wavefields. As a result, the VS gathers experience spurious events and unbalanced illuminations associated with distorted radiation patterns. Conventional stacking operator can produce significant artifacts for sources associated with ineffective-wavepath cancellation. We review three publications and summarize a comprehensive workflow to address these issues using data-driven offset stacking, wavelet-crosscorrelation filtering, and radiation-pattern correction. A data-driven offset stacking theme, with each individual source contribution is weighted by certain quality measures, is applied for available offsets. The wavelet crosscorrelation transforms time-offset data into local time-frequency and local time-frequency-wavenumber domains. Filters are designed for the power-spectrum in each domain. The radiation-pattern correction spatially alters the contaminated direct-wavefields using a zero-phase matched filter, such that the filtered wavefield is consistent with the model-based direct P-wavefields observed at buried receiver locations. Our proposed workflow produces significant improvement as demonstrated in the 13 time-lapse field surveys that included substantial repeatability problems across a 17-month survey gap.

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