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1.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(5)2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065240

RESUMO

Exosomes are a kind of membrane-bound phospholipid nanovesicle that are secreted extensively in a variety of biological fluids. Accumulating evidence has indicated that exosomes not only communicate with cells, but also perform functional roles in physiology and pathology. In addition, exosomes have also elicited a great deal of excitement due to their potential as disease biomarkers. Therefore, requirements for sensitive methods capable of precisely and specifically determining exosomes were needed. Herein, we not only develop a sensing surface to capture exosomes but also compare two surface proteins on exosomes, which are appropriate for detecting exosome surface markers by total internal reflected imaging ellipsometry (TIRIE). Protein G and antibody were immobilized on a thin layer of golden substrate to form the biosensing surface. The bio-interaction between antibodies and exosomes was recorded by the TIRIE in real time. The distance between exosomes adhered on a surface was 44 nm ± 0.5 nm. The KD  of anti-CD9 and exosome was lower than anti-CD63 and exosome by introducing pseudo-first-order interaction kinetics, which suggested that CD9 is more suitable for exosome surface markers than CD63. The limit of detection (LOD) of TIRIE was 0.4 µg/mL. In conclusion, we have proposed a surface for the detection of exosomes based on TIRIE, which can make the detection of exosomes convenient and efficient.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Exossomos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Espectroscopia Dielétrica , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Proteínas de Membrana , Ligação Proteica
2.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114816

RESUMO

Distinct from carbon nanotubes, transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanotubes are noncentrosymmetric and polar and can exhibit some intriguing phenomena such as nonreciprocal superconductivity, chiral shift current, bulk photovoltaic effect, and exciton-polaritons. However, basic characterizations of individual TMD nanotubes are still quite limited, and much remains unclear about their structural chirality and electronic properties. Here we report an optical second-harmonic generation (SHG) study on multiwalled WS2 nanotubes on a single-tube level. As it is highly sensitive to the crystallographic symmetry, SHG microscopy unveiled multiple structural domains within a single WS2 nanotube, which are otherwise hidden under conventional white-light optical microscopy. Moreover, the polarization-resolved SHG anisotropy patterns revealed that different domains on the same tube can be of different chirality. In addition, we observed the excitonic states of individual WS2 nanotubes via SHG excitation spectroscopy, which were otherwise difficult to acquire due to the indirect band gap of the material.

3.
Genomics ; 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129933

RESUMO

The AJCC staging system is considered as the golden standard in clinical practice. However, it remains some pitfalls in assessing the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) patients with similar clinicopathological characteristics. We aim to develop a new clinic and genetic risk score (CGRS) to improve the prognosis prediction of GC patients. We established genetic risk score (GRS) based on nine-gene signature including APOD, CCDC92, CYS1, GSDME, ST8SIA5, STARD3NL, TIMEM245, TSPYL5, and VAT1 based on the gene expression profiles of the training set from the Asian Cancer Research Group (ACRG) cohort by LASSO-Cox regression algorithms. CGRS was established by integrating GRS with clinical risk score (CRS) derived from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. GRS and CGRS dichotomized GC patients into high and low risk groups with significantly different prognosis in four independent cohorts with different data types, such as microarray, RNA sequencing and qRT-PCR (all HR > 1, all P < 0.001). Both GRS and CGRS were prognostic signatures independent of the AJCC staging system. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that area under ROC curve of CGRS was larger than that of the AJCC staging system in most cohorts we studied. Nomogram and web tool (http://39.100.117.92/CGRS/) based on CGRS were developed for clinicians to conveniently assess GC prognosis in clinical practice. CGRS integrating genetic signature with clinical features shows strong robustness in predicting GC prognosis, and can be easily applied in clinical practice through the web application.

5.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Altered body composition is an important characteristic of malnutrition that may better reflect the clinical course. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic role of sarcopenia by computed tomography (CT) on colectomy in acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) during index hospitalization and follow-up. METHODS: 254 ASUC patients undergoing CT scans at admission were retrospectively included. Sarcopenia was assessed by the skeletal muscle index (SMI) with CT scans at L3, and patients with an SMI below the lowest sex-specific quartile were diagnosed with sarcopenia. Body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 kg/m2 was defined as clinical malnutrition. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the association between sarcopenia and colectomy. RESULTS: The prevalence of sarcopenia in ASUC was 50.0%, and malnutrition was 25.2%. Among sarcopenic patients, 36.2% was malnutrition, 51.2% had normal BMI, 11.8% was overweight, and 0.8% was obese. During index hospitalization, 66.9% patients needed rescue therapy with 52.4% received medical rescue therapy and 14.6% received colectomy. During follow-up, 33.2% patients needed colectomy. Significantly more sarcopenic patients required colectomy (22.0% vs 7.1%, p = 0.001) and rescue therapy (81.9% vs 52.0%, p < 0.001) during index hospitalization and colectomy during follow-up (44.4% vs 23.7%, p = 0.001) than non-sarcopenic patients. However, BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 was not related to the clinical course. In multivariate analyses, sarcopenia remained an independent risk factor for rescue therapy and colectomy during index hospitalization and colectomy during follow-up. CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia rather than BMI was associated with clinical outcomes in ASUC and played an important role in predicting the need for colectomy.

6.
J Gynecol Oncol ; 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the impact of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on fertility-sparing treatment in young patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) or endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). METHODS: A total of 285 patients with EEC (n=76, FIGO stage IA, without myometrium invasion) or AEH (n=209) who received progestin-based fertility-sparing treatment were evaluated retrospectively. Among the 285 patients, 103 (36.1%), including 70 AEH cases and 33 EEC cases, were diagnosed with PCOS. General characteristics, cumulative 16- and 32-week complete response (CR) rate, pregnancy outcome and recurrence were compared between patients with or without PCOS. RESULTS: The cumulative 16-week CR rate was lower in the PCOS group than in the non-PCOS group (18.4% vs. 33.8%, p=0.006). Patients with PCOS took longer treatment duration to achieve CR (7.0 months vs. 5.4 months, p=0.006) and shorter time to relapse after CR (9.6 months vs. 17.6 months, p=0.040) compared with non-PCOS group. After adjusting for patient age, body mass index, PCOS, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, and serum testosterone levels, we found that body mass index ≥25 kg/m² (HR=0.583; 95% CI=0.365-0.932; p=0.024) and PCOS (HR=0.545; 95% CI=0.324-0.917; p=0.022) were significantly correlated with lower 16-week CR rate. CONCLUSION: PCOS was associated with lower 16-week CR rate, longer treatment duration and shorter recurrence interval in patients with AEH or EEC receiving fertility-preserving treatment.

7.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 101(1): 115401, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087512

RESUMO

Three human adenovirus (HAdV) genotypes, HAdV-7, HAdV-14, and HAdV-55, emerged as the most prevalent variants in China over the past decade and caused both sporadic, fatal cases and frequent, large outbreaks. Early diagnosis is essential to control infections and endemics. Here, we established a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay coupled with an instrument-free nucleic acid extraction device recently developed by our group; the assay could detect all the 3 prevalent HAdV genotypes. Specificity analysis showed no cross-reactivity with other common respiratory pathogens and the analytical sensitivity was as low as 10 copies/µL. All detection steps could be completed within 1 hour. The assay's performance was evaluated using clinical samples and compared with the gold standard RT-PCR method, showing highly consistent results. The LAMP assay developed here could be readily used in basic laboratory facilities and with minimal DNA extraction equipment, and as a reliable screening test in a resource-limited setting.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 220: 112386, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090108

RESUMO

Atrazine (ATR) is a herbicide used widely worldwide. Because of its prolonged persistence in the environment and accumulation in the body, ATR exposure is a potential threat to human health. Our previous study showed that subacute exposure to ATR suppresses cellular immune function in mice. In this study, the effects of long-term exposure to ATR on rat immunological system function were measured. Four-week-old female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were treated with 0.4 µmol/L, 2 µmol/L and 10 µmol/L ATR for 24 weeks. The results showed that the spleen index increased, white blood cells decreased, and monocytes and eosinophils increased. No obvious changes were detected in the numbers of neutrophils and lymphocytes. Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells decreased significantly, while Treg cells increased after long-term ATR exposure. Moreover, serum levels of cytokines, including TNF-α, INF-γ, IL-6, and IL-12, decreased, while IL-1, IL-4, and IL-5 increased. Degenerative changes and cell apoptosis were found in the spleen; Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 were upregulated, and Bcl-2 was downregulated. These results suggested that long-term ATR exposure may inhibit immune system function.

9.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol ; 292: 103711, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091074

RESUMO

Exosome is a novel tool with an essential role in cell communication. However, its role in the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced acute lung injury is currently unknown. Here, we first found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) could up-regulate the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and promote exosomes release in the murine alveolar macrophage cell line (MHs cells). Moreover, we found MHs cells derived exosomes also maintain the pro-inflammatory effect after LPS stimulation. Treating with hydrochloride hydrate (GW4869) could dose-dependently downregulated the release of exosomes and inhibited the upregulation of inflammatory cytokines in MHs cells with LPS treatment. Also, we further identified GW4869 administration induced the remission of histopathologic changes, the reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue, and inhibit serum exosomes release. These results indicate that the downregulation of exosome release by GW4869 might protect lung tissue from LPS induced injury through the suppression of excessive inflammatory responses, suggesting its potential therapeutic effects on sepsis-induced acute lung injury.

10.
Heart Lung ; 50(5): 675-684, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are some qualitative studies on the views of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on telemedicine, however, there are few related qualitative systematic reviews. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and synthesize qualitative studies involving the perceptions of patients with COPD about telemedicine to understand patients' attitudes and expectations for telemedicine and determine the obstacles and stimulus in the use of telemedicine. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL for articles published from January 2000 to December 2020. The data were analysed using thematic synthesis. RESULTS: We included 20 articles involving 19 studies and 301 patients, and we identified four themes: perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, perceived difficulty of use, and perceived uselessness. We found that although patients have different views on telemedicine, most of them have a positive attitude towards it. CONCLUSIONS: The synthesis of views will help us determine the factors that promote or hinder the application of telemedicine and guide the design and implementation of telemedicine in the future.

11.
Am J Chin Med ; : 1-24, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107857

RESUMO

Neohesperidin has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties and exerts extensive therapeutic effects on various cancers. In this study, the osteosarcoma cell lines were exposed to different concentrations of neohesperidin. Cell proliferation and viability were assessed by CCK-8 and colony-formation assays. The role of neohesperidin in cell cycle progression and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry and western blotting. To identify autophagosomes and autolysosomes, we used a tandem GFP-mRFP-LC3B lentiviral construct. In addition, autophagy was evaluated by examining autophagosome formation using transmission electron microscopy. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Subsequently, the activation of the ROS/JNK signaling pathway was investigated. Neohesperidin could inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in SJSA and HOS cells. The formation of autophagosomes indicated that autophagy occurred in neohesperidin-treated cells and the apoptotic effect of neohesperidin was significantly increased after the use of autophagy inhibitors. Subsequently, we found that neohesperidin-induced apoptosis and autophagy were related to the increase in ROS generation and were significantly inhibited by GSH. Moreover, neohesperidin induced activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway and inhibition of JNK with SP600125 attenuated neohesperidin-induced apoptosis and autophagy simultaneously. Our data indicated that neohesperidin caused G2/M phase arrest and induced apoptosis and autophagy by activating the ROS/JNK pathway in human osteosarcoma cells, suggesting that neohesperidin is a potential drug candidate for the treatment of osteosarcomas.

12.
Int J Pharm Compd ; 25(3): 246-257, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125716

RESUMO

The programmed death-ligand 1 checkpoint inhibitor, atezolizumab is a monoclonal antibody that is indicated for the treatment of several cancers. Prior to administration, atezolizumab is diluted in normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride) in polyvinylchloride or polyolefin infusion bags. The objective of the studies reported in this paper was to evaluate the stability of atezolizumab diluted to 2.4 mg/mL and 9.6 mg/mL (Study 1), and 16.8 mg/mL (Study 2) in intravenous bags containing normal saline and stored for up to 12 months. Atezolizumab was withdrawn from commercial vials (1,200 mg/20 mL or 840 mg/14 mL) under aseptic conditions and added to infusion bags containing normal saline with target concentrations of 2.4 mg/mL, 9.6 mg/mL, and 16.8 mg/mL. Bags were stored at 30°C for 24 hours with exposure to ambient light, then at 2°C to 8°C for up to 12 months protected from light. 10-mL samples were withdrawn at selected time points and evaluated by analytical assays for color, opalescence, and clarity; visible and subvisible particulates; pH; protein concentration by ultraviolet spectrophotometric analysis; size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography; ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography; non-reduced capillary electrophoresis-sodium dodecyl sulfate; and potency assays. No substantial changes in atezolizumab product quality were apparent by any measure related to any analytical assay in either study after 3 months of storage at 2°C to 8°C. No new peaks were observed on size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography, ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography, or non-reduced capillary Funding Acknowledgment This study was funded by Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California. electrophoresis-sodium dodecyl sulfate profiles of diluted atezolizumab after the extended storage of 12 months at 2°C to 8°C. In Study 1, a decreasing trend in ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography main peak area was detected in samples from polyvinylchloride bags containing 2.4 mg/mL atezolizumab; and substantial changes were observed at 12 months in samples from polyvinylchloride bags containing 2.4 mg/mL and 9.6 mg/mL atezolizumab. In Study 2, decreasing trends in main peak areas were detected by size-exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography analyses, ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography analyses, and nonreduced capillary electrophoresis-sodium dodecyl sulfate analyses of samples stored in polyvinylchloride bags, where substantial changes were observed in size exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography main peak area at 12 months and in ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography main peak areas at the 6-month and subsequent time points. Decreasing trends in main peak areas were detected by ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography analyses and non-reduced capillary electrophoresis-sodium dodecyl sulfate analyses of samples taken from polyolefin bags, where substantial changes were observed in ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography main peak areas at 6 and 12 months. In conclusion, atezolizumab diluted to 2.4 mg/mL to 16.8 mg/mL in 0.9% sodium chloride remains physicochemically stable when stored for 24 hours at 30°C, followed by 3 months at 2°C to 8°C in polyvinylchloride and polyolefin infusion bags.

13.
J Food Biochem ; : e13766, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060115

RESUMO

The aim was to unveil the generation and variation rule of the main taste components in braised broth for 10 quantitative repeated braising cycles. The major taste compounds of three groups (MS, broth cooked with meat and spices; M, broth cooked with meat; and S, broth cooked with spices) were systematically analyzed by the state-of-art chromatography and electronic sensory technology. As braising cycles progressed, contents of free 5'-nucleotides and amino acids were increased in MS and M, while those nucleotides were not detected in S. A significant discrimination of taste in MS and M was revealed by electronic tongue evaluation during the process. As the formation rates (FR) of taste compounds and the transformation rates (TR) of taste compounds to volatile compounds were mainly accounting for the generation and variation of flavor in broth, a hypothesis was proposed to illustrate the whole variation of taste compounds in the process integrally that the ratio of FR/TR dividing the process into three stages, Degradation, Balance, and Accumulation. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The traditional braising process and formula are empirical and extensive, which impede the increase in meat products output. Nowadays, the industry of braising products is facing a problem of standardization and quality control, and needs to carry out scientific and quantitative process improvement efficiently. Therefore, the developed comprehensive approach demonstrates great potential for braised meat broth flavor monitoring and quality control in an objective and holistic manner. It provides data support and new ideas of technology development for quality control in the process of meat braising.

14.
J Dermatol ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060656

RESUMO

The neutrophil : lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet : lymphocyte ratio (PLR), C-reactive protein : albumin ratio (CAR), and albumin : fibrinogen ratio (AFR) have been considered as useful inflammatory biomarkers. However, their roles in Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) still remain unclear. This study aimed to test whether NLR, PLR, CAR, and AFR serve as predictive markers of disease severity and systemic inflammation in patients with SJS/TEN. This retrospective study included 40 patients with SJS/TEN and 60 healthy controls. The correlation between these markers and severity-of-illness score for toxic epidermal necrolysis (SCORTEN), ABCD-10, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) were analyzed and compared. Univariable and multivariable analysis were used to assess associations of variables with mortality. The receiver-operator curves (ROC) were used to evaluate the predictive value of variables for mortality in SJS/TEN patients. The results demonstrated that the NLR and PLR of SJS/TEN patients were significantly higher and the AFR was significantly lower when compared with healthy controls (p < 0.05). The NLR and CAR were positively correlated with SCORTEN, ABCD-10, PCT, and CRP. The NLR in SCORTEN of ≥3 group was significantly higher than that in SCORTEN <3 group (p < 0.05) and there were no significant differences between PLR, CAR, and AFR between the two groups. The univariate analysis suggested that NLR of >5.79 was a risk factor for mortality (odds ratio, 10.5; p < 0.05), but the association was no longer statistically significant in multivariable analysis. The ROC showed that NLR had a sensitivity of 85.7% and specificity of 63.6% for predicting death with a cut-off value of 5.79 (p < 0.05) in SJS/TEN patients. In conclusion, among the four markers, NLR and CAR can partially reflect severity and inflammatory status in patients with SJS/TEN. NLR was also a predictor of death.

15.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3272, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075051

RESUMO

Organic molecules that contain alkyl-difluoromethyl moieties have received increased attention in medicinal chemistry, but their synthesis in a modular and late-stage fashion remains challenging. We report herein an efficient copper-catalyzed radical relay approach for the carbo-difluoromethylation of alkenes. This approach simultaneously introduces CF2H groups along with complex alkyl or aryl groups into alkenes with regioselectivity opposite to traditional CF2H radical addition. We demonstrate a broad substrate scope and a wide functional group compatibility. This scalable protocol is applied to the late-stage functionalization of complex molecules and the synthesis of CF2H analogues of bioactive molecules. Mechanistic studies and density functional theory calculations suggest a unique ligand effect on the reactivity of the Cu-CF2H species.

17.
J Neuroimaging ; 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High-resolution three-dimensional (3D) post-contrast imaging of the brain is essential for comprehensive evaluation of inflammatory, neoplastic, and neurovascular diseases of the brain. 3D T1-weighted spin-echo-based sequences offer increased sensitivity for the detection of enhancing lesions but are relatively prolonged examinations. We evaluated whether a highly accelerated Wave-controlled aliasing in parallel imaging (Wave-CAIPI) post-contrast 3D T1-sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip angle evolutions (T1-SPACE) sequence (Wave-T1-SPACE) was noninferior to the standard high-resolution 3D T1-SPACE sequence for visualizing enhancing lesions with comparable diagnostic quality. METHODS: One hundred and three consecutive patients were prospectively evaluated with a standard post-contrast 3D T1-SPACE sequence (acquisition time [TA] = 4 min 19 s) and an optimized Wave-CAIPI 3D T1-SPACE sequence (TA = 1 min 40 s) that was nearly three times faster than the standard sequence. Two blinded neuroradiologists performed a head-to-head comparison to evaluate the visualization of enhancing pathology, perception of artifacts, and overall diagnostic quality. A 15% margin was used to test whether post-contrast Wave-T1-SPACE was noninferior to standard T1-SPACE. RESULTS: Wave-T1-SPACE was noninferior to standard T1-SPACE for delineating parenchymal and meningeal enhancing pathology (p < 0.01). Wave-T1-SPACE showed marginally higher background noise compared to the standard sequence and was noninferior in the overall diagnostic quality (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that Wave-T1-SPACE was noninferior to standard T1-SPACE for visualization of enhancing pathology and overall diagnostic quality with a three-fold reduction in acquisition time compared to the standard sequence. Wave-T1-SPACE may be used to accelerate 3D post-contrast T1-weighted spin-echo imaging without loss of clinically important information.

18.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099359

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant global mental health concern, especially in the military. This study aimed to estimate the efficacy of mindfulness meditation in the treatment of military-related PTSD, by synthesizing evidences from randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Five electronic databases (Pubmed, EBSCO Medline, Embase, PsychINFO and Cochrane Library) were searched for randomized controlled trials focusing on the treatment effect of mindfulness meditation on military-related PTSD. The selection of eligible studies was based on identical inclusion and exclusion criteria. Information about study characteristics, participant characteristics, intervention details, PTSD outcomes, as well as potential adverse effects was extracted from the included studies. Risk of bias of all the included studies was critically assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. R Statistical software was performed for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1902 records were initially identified and screened. After duplicates removal, 834 records were screened for title and abstract. Then, full-text of 115 related articles were retrieved and assessed for eligibility. Among them, 96 articles were excluded for no random assignment, article type of commentary, editorial, review, case report, etc. Finally, 19 articles in English language with 1326 participants were included through strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results revealed that mindfulness meditation had a significantly larger effect on alleviating military-related PTSD symptoms compared with control conditions, such as treatment as usual, present-centered group therapy and PTSD health education (standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.33; 95% CI [-0.45, -0.21]; p < 0.0001). Mindfulness interventions with different control conditions (active or non-active control, SMD = -0.33, 95% CI [-0.46, -0.19]; SMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-0.88, -0.10], respectively), formats of delivery (group-based or individual-based, SMD = -0.30, 95% CI [-0.42, -0.17], SMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-0.90, -0.08], respectively) and intervention durations (short-term or standard duration, SMD = -0.27, 95% CI [-0.46, -0.08], SMD = -0.40, 95% CI [-0.58, -0.21], respectively) were equally effective in improving military-related PTSD symptoms. CONCLUSION: Findings from this meta-analysis consolidate the efficacy and feasibility of mindfulness meditation in the treatment of military-related PTSD. Further evidences with higher quality and more rigorous design are needed in the future.

19.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 2627-2638, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115567

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are crucial regulators in the phenotype switch of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Nonetheless, the role of miR-146b-3p in VSMCs remains unclear. In the present study, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) at different concentrations was employed to stimulate VSMCs for different times, to establish the model of VSMC dysfunction. The relative expression of miR-146b-3p was quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The proliferation of VSMCs was measured by BrdU assay. Flow cytometry analysis was employed for the analysis of cell cycle. VSMC migration was detected by Transwell assay. Phosphoinositide-3 kinase catalytic subunit-gamma (PIK3CG) and markers of VSMC differentiation, including α-SMA, SM-22α, SMMHC, and Calponin were examined employing Western blot. The targeting relationship between miR-146b-3p and PIK3CG 3'-UTR was affirmed by dual-luciferase gene assay. We report that the reduction of miR-146b-3p expression was induced by PDGF-BB in a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). The overexpression of miR-146b-3p counteracted the effects of PDGF-BB on the proliferation and migration of VSMCs and increased the expressions of differentiation markers (P < 0.05). Additionally, PIK3CG expression was negatively regulated by miR-146b-3p, and the restoration of PIK3CG partly eliminated the effects of miR-146b-3p on VSMCs (P < 0.05). In summary, miR-146b-3p represses the proliferation, migration, and phenotype switch of VSMCs induced by PDGF-BB via targeting PIK3CG. Therefore, miR-146b-3p/PIK3CG may be a potential target for the treatment of atherosclerosis.

20.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 146(4): 216-225, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116735

RESUMO

We aim to explore the effects of emodin and its mechanisms on renal fibrosis (RF). We firstly modeled adriamycin-induced rat RF with unilateral nephrectomy. In vivo and in vitro pharmacological experiments were performed in this study. The presence of collagen deposition was detected by Masson staining. To verify whether emodin attenuates RF by monitoring autophagy, the immunohistochemistry staining for autophagy protein LC3B was performed. We conducted western blot to detect the expression of the autophagy-related proteins in EMT in vitro model after treating with emotin and BMP-7. In vivo, we demonstrated that emodin could improve renal dysfunction and decrease pathological damage of the kidney by activation of autophagy and inhibition of EMT. Upregulation of BMP-7 was recorded in the RF rats subjected to emodin treatment. In vitro studies, emodin has the capacity of reversing EMT and activating autophagy, and emodin could regulate the expression of BMP-7. The results revealed that the attenuation of EMT by emodin could be blocked after the inhibition of BMP-7 and suppression of autophagy. Our findings demonstrated that emodin alleviates EMT during RF by actuating autophagy through BMP-7, suggesting a role of BMP-7 in RF treatment and prevention.

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