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1.
Talanta ; 207: 120291, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594579

RESUMO

Herein, a simple and green "ON-OFF-ON" sensing system was developed using ultrasonic-exfoliated g-C3N4 nanosheets (CNNS) for the determination of a thiol-based ionic liquid (THIL), which was prominently different from common organic or biothiol molecules in terms of physico-chemical properties. After addition of THIL ([HSBMIM]Br used as an example), the Ag+-quenched CNNS fluorescence ("OFF" state) was recovered to the "ON" state due to reaction between THIL and Ag+ that led to functional group activation on CNNS surfaces. This phenomenon can be explained by competition of THIL with Ag+ because of the strong and specific affinity of -SH groups in THIL for Ag+ and by the reversibility of the Ag+-CNNS coordination reaction. Relevant factors influencing fluorescent recovery were rigorously optimized, including solution pH, incubation time as well as CNNS and THIL concentrations. THIL-recovered fluorescence intensities increased with increasing THIL concentrations providing a linear range of 15-360 nM and limit of detection (LOD) of 4.28 nM (1.07 µg L-1). Testing a series of conventional imidazole-based ionic liquids indicated high specificity for the target analyte and negligible interference effects for the determination of nM-level THIL. The proposed fluorescent sensing method demonstrated excellent feasibility for trace THIL determination in real-world fresh and marine water matrices with high extraction recovery (90.3-107.9%) and high inter- and intra-day precisions (2.3-5.6% relative standard deviations). As far as our information goes, it is the first report on the development of g-C3N4-based "ON-OFF-ON" sensing platform for fast, sensitive and cost-effective determination of nM-level ionic liquids in natural waters.

2.
Waste Manag ; 101: 200-209, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622865

RESUMO

Present work was focused on recovering gold (Au) from the printed circuit boards (PCBs) of discarded cellphone by bioleaching assisted continuous foam fractionation. First, the cyanide-producing strains of Pseudomonas putida and Bacillus megaterium were co-cultured in order to supply a high cyanide concentration in the nutrient solution for mobilizing Au from waste PCBs (WPCBs). Bioleaching conditions were optimized by using response surface methodology. Under the suitable bioleaching conditions of pH of 10.0, pulp density of 5 g/L and leaching time of 34 h, the Au mobilization percentage was 83.59%. The leaching liquor with an Au concentration of 1.34 mg/L could be used as the feeding solution of continuous foam fractionation after removing solid particles and cell biomass. In order to strengthen foam drainage, a novel internal component of foam fractionation column was developed. Under the suitable operation conditions of CTAB concentration of 0.2 g/L, volumetric air flow rate of 100 mL/min and feed flow rate of 10 mL/min, the enrichment ratio and recovery percentage of Au were 43.62 and 87.46%, respectively. This study is expected to provide an effective strategy to recover Au from WPCBs, and to supplement the depleting natural resources.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Resíduo Eletrônico , Cobre , Ouro , Reciclagem
3.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 141: 105093, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648049

RESUMO

Reaction phenotyping is a method commonly used for characterizing drug metabolism. It determines the drug metabolic pathways and ratios by measuring the metabolized fractions of individual enzymes. However, currently published results have focused on cytochrome P450s (CYPs), while not considering phase II metabolism. Therefore, the morphinan analgesic, nalbuphine, primarily metabolized in the liver via CYPs and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), was selected as a model drug to establish a dual-phase platform to elucidate its comprehensive metabolic pathway. Enzyme kinetics was studied using 8 common recombinant (r)CYPs, 10 rUGTs, and pooled human liver microsomes. The overall fraction of nalbuphine metabolized by each isozyme was evaluated by determining parent drug depletion. Finally, in vitro-in vivo correlation was validated in animal studies. Fluconazole, a specific UGT2B7 inhibitor, was administered orally to rats to determine the pharmacokinetic effects on nalbuphine and nalbuphine metabolites. Seventy-five percent and 25% of nalbuphine was metabolized by UGTs and CYPs, respectively. UGT2B7, UGT1A3, and UGT1A9 were primarily responsible for nalbuphine glucuronidation; only UGT2B7 produced nalbuphine-6-glucuronide. CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 were the two CYP isozymes that produced 3'-hydroxylnalbuphine and 4'-hydroxylnalbuphine. In vivo, the maximum serum concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC) of nalbuphine increased 12.4-fold and 13.2-fold, respectively, with fluconazole co-administration. A dual system platform for drug metabolism was successfully established in this study and was used to generate a complete metabolic scheme for nalbuphine. This platform has been verified by in vivo evaluations and can be utilized to study drugs that undergo multisystem metabolism.

4.
Cell Signal ; 65: 109460, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although gankyrin has been identified as a vital regulator of tumorigenesis, its role and regulatory mechanism in osteosarcoma (OS) remain unclear. METHODS: QRT-PCR, western blot and IHC staining were conducted to detect the expression of gankyrin in OS. Pearson's χ² test was adopted to examine the associations between gankyrin expression and clinicopathologic characteristics. Kaplan-Meier method was used to investigate the relationship between gankyrin expression and overall survival of patients with OS. Next, a series of in vitro and in vivo assays were performed to determine the positive feedback loop between gankyrin and YAP in OS. RESULTS: We first reported that gankyrin is upregulated in human OS specimens and cell lines and predicts OS progression and poor prognosis. Furthermore, we demonstrated that gankyrin protects miR-200a-mediated yes-associated protein (YAP) downregulation through p53 and establishes a positive feedback loop to regulate YAP signaling in U2OS and MG63 cells. Intriguingly, gankyrin interacts with YAP to promote OS cell growth in vitro. In addition, our results showed that gankyrin promotes OS tumor growth and regulates YAP levels in vivo. Notably, we also observed a positive correlation between gankyrin and YAP expression in human OS tissues, and co-upregulation of gankyrin and YAP indicated a poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results identify that gankyrin acts as an oncogene in OS by forming a positive feedback loop with YAP, and disrupting the gankyrin-YAP regulation may be beneficial for controlling OS tumorigenesis.

5.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(1): 015401, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519010

RESUMO

Low plasticity has been a major issue for the application of Mg alloys. Here, based on the generalized stacking fault energy curves and Arrhenius equation, we systematically study alloying effects on the stacking fault energies and the activation probability of basal and non-basal 〈a〉, and pyramidal 〈c + a〉 slip systems in twenty-one Mg alloys. Our results reveal that activation of 〈c + a〉 slip systems on pyramidal II plane can significantly improve the plasticity. For example, Ca is found to promote the activation probability of this slip system by one order of magnitude and dramatically improve the plasticity of Mg.

6.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 108(1): 69-80, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496042

RESUMO

Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) is one of the most promising synthetic materials for tissue engineering due to its excellent biocompatibility, good mechanical properties, and tunable biodegradation time. However, the accumulation of PLGA degradative products could cause significant host inflammatory response, a microenvironment favoring tissue fibrosis that is mainly mediated by M1 subtype macrophage. Drug loading is an emerging technology to modify electrospun nanofibers, and asiaticoside (AS) was demonstrated as an anti-inflammatory drug. This study investigated the potential effect of AS incorporating into PLGA electrospun nanofibers on modulating host inflammatory response. The results showed that AS co-electrospun with PLGA nanofibers could significantly reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells at the implantation site as opposed to the site of regular PLGA nanofibers. In particular, immunohistochemistry demonstrated decreased M1 macrophage infiltration whereas increased M2 macrophage infiltration in the implantation site of AS-PLGA nanofibers when compared to the PLGA implantation site. In vitro study also revealed that culture of human fibroblasts on PLGA nanofibers resulted in significantly enhanced gene expression of inflammatory cytokines when compared to non-seeded fibroblasts, but these genes were significantly downregulated when seeded on AS-PLGA. Furthermore, culture of macrophage on AS-PLGA led to upregulated M2 marker gene expression and downregulated M1 marker gene expression. Collectively, these results indicate that, AS might be an ideal drug for loading into electrospun polymer nanofibers and thus favoring for tissue regeneration via mediating macrophage polarization.

7.
Food Chem ; 303: 125401, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466031

RESUMO

Salt addition and thermal pretreatment were used to improve the freeze-thaw stability of Pickering emulsion gels (PEGs) stabilized by compound proteins. Thermal pretreatment with the presence of salt could promote the formation of gel-like structure and alter the interactions between the emulsion droplets of PEGs, sequentially increase the resistance of the PEGs to water separation, creaming, and oiling-off during freeze-thaw cycles (freeze at -20 °C for 22 h and thawing at 37 °C for 2 h), especially at higher salt levels (200 and 500 mM). Microstructures indicated that the presence of high salt concentration and heat pretreatment could help to maintain the gel-like structures of PEGs during freeze-thaw cycles. Overall, our results showed that novel viscoelastic food materials with good freeze-thaw stability can be produced by controlling the electrostatic interactions between the emulsion droplets and the gelation of emulsion gels. These materials may be useful for application in frozen food products.


Assuntos
Fixadores/química , Géis/química , Emulsões/química , Congelamento , Temperatura Alta , Óleos/química , Concentração Osmolar , Cloreto de Sódio/análise , Água/química
8.
Cytokine ; 125: 154854, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a major cause of death for ICU patients. Sepsis development depends heavily on the presence of mature IL-1ß cytokine. This study evaluates the potential therapeutic properties of a bioactive compound known as 6-gingerol on sepsis. This compound has previously been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory properties both in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice was used to establish models of sepsis by means of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Upon treatment with 6-gingerol, we assessed the survival rate of mice and measured the levels of key pro-inflammatory cytokines in serum and colon tissues. Sepsis pathogenesis was further explored using the RAW264.7 cell line and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) treated with ATP and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The impact of 6-gingerol on pyroptosis was also examined. In addition, we assessed the role of MAPK signaling in 6-gingerol-induced effects in BMDMs and RAW264.7 cells. RESULTS: In CLP mice, 6-gingerol significantly ameliorated sepsis development, which was associated with the reduction of serum IL-1ß. In BMDMs and RAW264.7 cells, 6-gingerol strongly attenuated pyroptosis as well as the release of caspase-1p20, HMGB1, mature IL-1ß, IL-18 in response to ATP and LPS treatment. 6-Gingerol conferred these effects by blocking MAPK activation. Exposure to an ERK agonist (EGF) reversed effects of 6-gingerol, causing pyroptosis, LDH and caspase-1p20 release. CONCLUSIONS: By targeting MAPK signaling, 6-gingerol significantly suppressed secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and inhibited macrophage cells pyroptosis resulting in overall inhibition of sepsis development.

9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110307, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761160

RESUMO

Biodegradable scaffolds play an important role in tissue engineering, and appropriate degradation and resorption rates of these scaffolds are necessary to accommodate tissue growth. Synthetic polymers are frequently used because of their ease of production, good biocompatibility and controllable degradation rates. However, monitoring the degradation of these polymers in vivo by a noninvasive approach remains limited. In this study, we designed a composite scaffold by labeling poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) with gold nanoclusters (Au NCs), which were used for tracking in vivo degradation through dual-modal fluorescence/computed tomography (CT) imaging. The diameter of the Au NCs was approximately 2.5 nm, and the emission peak was at a wavelength of 700 nm. After labeling PLGA with the Au NCs, the fluorescence intensity of the Au NC/PLGA composite scaffold reached 9.0 × 109 (p/s/cm2/sr)/(µW/cm2), and the CT density of the scaffold increased to 200 HU. After the composite scaffold was implanted subcutaneously into nude mice, a continuous decrease in the fluorescence signal and CT value was observed. The mean fluorescence intensity was 8.3 × 109, 3.17 × 109, 2.26 × 109, 2.11 × 109, and 1.82 × 109 (p/s/cm2/sr)/(µW/cm2) from the first week to the fifth week, respectively. The mean CT value changed from 222.6 to 185.9, 149.1, 112.5, and 55.2 (Hounsfield unit, HU) at the different timepoints. Compared with the change in the fluorescence intensity, the change in the CT value was similar to the change in the weight, and the Pearson correlation coefficient between the change in the CT value and weight was 0.8626. Furthermore, the structure and morphology of the scaffolds at different timepoints were analyzed by three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction. This novel method of noninvasive dynamic monitoring of biodegradable polymers in vivo provides insight into choosing suitable biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

10.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 29: 214-224, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331884

RESUMO

Compositing is one of the most important editing operations for images and videos. The process of improving the realism of composite results is often called harmonization. Previous approaches for harmonization mainly focus on images. In this paper, we take one step further to attack the problem of video harmonization. Specifically, we train a convolutional neural network in an adversarial way, exploiting a pixel-wise disharmony discriminator to achieve more realistic harmonized results and introducing a temporal loss to increase temporal consistency between consecutive harmonized frames. Thanks to the pixel-wise disharmony discriminator, we are also able to relieve the need of input foreground masks. Since existing video datasets which have ground-truth foreground masks and optical flows are not sufficiently large, we propose a simple yet efficient method to build up a synthetic dataset supporting supervised training of the proposed adversarial network. The experiments show that training on our synthetic dataset generalizes well to the real-world composite dataset. In addition, our method successfully incorporates temporal consistency during training and achieves more harmonious visual results than previous methods.

11.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 132: 109409, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731962

RESUMO

Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is a well-known salt-tolerant yeast. In our previous study, it was interesting that Z. rouxii could produce higher levels of 4-hydroxy-2, 5-dimethyl-3(2 H)-furanone in 120 g/L D-fructose and 180 g/L NaCl involved YPD medium at 5 d. In order to explore the resistance and furanone production mechanisms of Z. rouxii under D-fructose regulation, a comparative transcriptomics method in Z. rouxii was to set to find differentially expressed genes, the physiological and biochemical indexes (growth and cell morphology, lipid peroxidation and relative electrical conductivity, the antioxidant enzymes activity), and the expression of oxidoreductase activity genes. The results indicated that a larger number of different expressed genes at transcriptome analysis, such as the series antioxidant enzymes were related to the resistance characteristics. Research had confirmed that the living cell numbers and cell areas of D-fructose regulation group were significantly lower than the controls at the initial stage, while those higher than of the controls at the late stage. During the fermentation period, the lipid peroxidation and the relative electrical conductivity of the yeast cell membrane were increased. And also the D-fructose regulation group present lower inhibition superoxide anion ability. The activity of CAT in the D-fructose regulation group was always higher than that of the control group. Only the activity of GSH-Px was found to be significantly increased at 1 d except for other enzymes activities. Most of the oxidoreductase activity genes, such as especially the GSH-Px gene under D-fructose regulation conditions were expressed at higher levels than those of control groups. Combining the levels of transcription and enzymes activity data, those could understand that exogenous D-fructose had a stress effect on Z. rouxii at the early stage of culture. With the fermentation time progress, it was no longer a stressor substance for the Z. rouxii, and changed the nutrient to promote growth of Z. rouxii in the later stages. During the whole process, GSH-Px was the main defense enzyme and CAT was the sustained defense enzyme. Therefore, the experimental results might provide effective mechanisms in Z. rouxii for practical application of furanone production in the industry under exogenous D-fructose regulation.

12.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124747, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514003

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Polychlorinated biphenyls are persistent environmental pollutants associated with the onset of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in humans, but there is limited information on the underlying mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the alterations in gene expression profiles in normal human liver cells L-02 following exposure to 2, 3, 3', 4, 4', 5 - hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 156), a potent compound that may induce non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: The L-02 cells were exposed to PCB 156 for 72 h and the contents of intracellular triacylglyceride and total cholesterol were subsequently measured. Microarray analysis of mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the cells was also performed after 3.4 µM PCB 156 treatment. RESULTS: Exposure to PCB 156 (3.4 µM, 72 h) resulted in significant increases of triacylglyceride and total cholesterol concentrations in L-02 cells. Microarray analysis identified 222 differentially expressed mRNAs and 628 differentially expressed lncRNAs. Gene Ontology and pathway analyses associated the differentially expressed mRNAs with metabolic and inflammatory processes. Moreover, lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network revealed 36 network pairs comprising 10 differentially expressed mRNAs and 34 dysregulated lncRNAs. The results of bioinformatics analysis further indicated that dysregulated lncRNA NONHSAT174696, lncRNA NONHSAT179219, and lncRNA NONHSAT161887, as the regulators of EDAR, CYP1B1, and ALDH3A1 respectively, played an important role in the PCB 156-induced lipid metabolism disorder. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide an overview of differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs in L-02 cells exposed to PCB 156, and contribute to the field of polychlorinated biphenyl-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

13.
Bioresour Technol ; 295: 122244, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627064

RESUMO

Under the situation of increasingly severe challenge of energy consumption, it is of great importance to make full use of bioresources such as forestry and agricultural residues. Herein, the corncob residues generated after processing corncob were enzymatically hydrolyzed to yield fermentable sugars. To overcome the recalcitrance of corncob residues, three kinds of pretreatment methods, i.e., sulfonation, PFI refining, and wet grinding, were applied; their effects on enzymatic hydrolysis and main characteristics of corncob residues substrate were investigated. The results showed that the enzymatic digestibility of the substrate was greatly enhanced by employing each method. The wet grinding exhibited obvious advantages, e.g., the conversion yield of cellulose to glucose and glucose concentration reached 96.7% and 32.2 g/L after 59 h of enzymatic hydrolysis, respectively. The improvement in enzymatic hydrolysis was mainly attributed to the altered characteristics of the substrate such as swelling ability, specific surface area, and particle size and distribution.


Assuntos
Celulose , Zea mays , Fermentação , Glucose , Hidrólise
14.
Planta Med ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671467

RESUMO

Four new barringtogenol C-type triterpenoid saponins, namely acerplatanosides A - D (1: -4: ), along with 22 known compounds (5: -26: ), were isolated from the stem bark of Norway maple (Acer platanoides). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and chemical hydrolysis. This is the first report of triterpenoid saponins isolated from Norway maple. Compounds 1, 3: , and 4: showed cytotoxicity against 4 human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 9.4 to 39.5 µM.

15.
Environ Pollut ; : 113371, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672348

RESUMO

Atrazine contamination is of great concern due to its widespread occurrence in shallow lakes. Here, the distribution and degradation of atrazine in acidic and alkaline lake systems were investigated. Meanwhile, the bacterial communities in different sediments and the effects of environmental factors on atrazine-degrading bacteria were evaluated. In the lake systems without plants, atrazine levels in sediment interstitial water reached peak concentrations on the 4th d. More than 90% of atrazine was then degraded in all sediment interstitial water by day 30. Meanwhile, the degradation rate of atrazine in alkaline sediments was faster than that in acidic sediments. Values of hydroxylated metabolites in the acidic lake sediments tended to be greater. Moreover, the amounts of Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Firmicute, Nitrospinae, Aminicenantes, Ignavibacteriae and Saccharibacteria in acidic Tangxunhu Lake sediments were significantly different from alkaline Honghu Lake sediments, while the amounts of Cyanobacteria and Saccharibacteria in sediments treated with atrazine were significantly greater than those in sediments without atrazine (P < 0.05). Notably, pH was the most relevant environmental factor in the quantitative variation of atrazine-degrading bacteria, including in Clostridium-sensu-stricto, Pseudomonas, Comamonas and Rhodobacter. The Mantel test results indicated that the degradation of atrazine in different sediments was mainly affected by the sediment physicochemical properties rather than by the addition of atrazine and the cultivation of hydrophytes.

16.
Appl Opt ; 58(29): 8069-8074, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674362

RESUMO

The optical properties of symmetric split-ring/ring dimer (SRRD) nanostructures composed of a small nanoring surrounded by an Ag splitting nanoring with a larger diameter are calculated theoretically. The apparent asymmetric Fano line shape in the spectra is related to fast switching of the bonding modes between the split-ring plasmon and ring dipole. The influence of the dimensions of the SRRD nanostructures on the spectral positions and intensity of Fano resonance is studied, and the asymmetric Fano line shape can be flexibly adjusted by varying the geometric parameters. In addition, relatively simple SRRD nanostructures have the same overall sensing figures of merit as conventional nanoparticles, thus rendering them suitable for high-performance optical sensors.

17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(47): 18900-18909, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680516

RESUMO

Doping in a lattice refers to the introduction of very small quantities of foreign atoms and has a generally small effect on decreasing the lattice thermal conductivity, unlike alloying which involves large fractions of other elements and strongly enhances point defect phonon scattering. Here, we report that, by alloying only 3% of In on the Cu sites of the diamond-like lattice of CuFeS2 chalcopyrite compound (Cu1-xInxFeS2, x = 0.03) has a disproportionally large effect in reducing the lattice thermal conductivity of the compound from 2.32 to 1.36 Wm-1K-1 at 630 K. We find that In is not fully ionized to +3 when on the Cu sublattice and exists mainly in the +1 oxidation state. The 5s2 lone pair of electrons of In+ makes this atom incompatible (referred to as discordant) with the tetrahedral geometry of the crystallographic site. This causes strong local bond distortions thereby softening the In-S and Cu-S chemical bonds and introducing localized low frequency vibrations. The latter couple with the base phonon frequencies of the CuFeS2 matrix enhancing the anharmonicity and decreasing the phonon velocity, and consequently the lattice thermal conductivity. The control material in which the In doping is on the Fe3+ site of the structure at the same doping level (and found in the site-compatible In3+ state), has a far smaller effect on the phonon scattering.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17907, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will evaluate diagnostic accuracy and management outcome studies involving patients assessed with prenatal ultrasound diagnosis (PUD) for fetal renal abnormalities (FRA). METHODS: We will search the following electronic databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Springer, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure for diagnostic accuracy studies from inceptions to the present without language restrictions. Two authors will independently screen studies, collect data, and assess methodological quality.We will use RevMan V.5.3 and Stata V.12.0 software for data pooling and statistical analysis. RESULTS: In this study, we will assess sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio to determine the diagnostic accuracy of PUD for the treatment of patients with FRA. CONCLUSION: This study will provide latest evidence for the diagnostic accuracy of PUD for FRA. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019151306.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Rim/anormalidades , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Nefropatias/congênito , Nefropatias/embriologia , Gravidez , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
19.
Redox Biol ; 28: 101356, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704583

RESUMO

Airway remodeling is one of the characteristics for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The mechanism underlying airway remodeling is associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the small airways of smokers and patients with COPD. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is able to reduce oxidative stress, and to modulate EMT. Here, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on pulmonary EMT in vitro and in vivo. We found that H2S donor NaHS inhibited cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway remodeling, EMT and collagen deposition in mouse lungs. In human bronchial epithelial 16HBE cells, NaHS treatment also reduced CS extract (CSE)-induced EMT, collagen deposition and oxidative stress. Mechanistically, NaHS upregulated SIRT1 expression, but inhibited activation of TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling in vivo and in vitro. SIRT1 inhibition by a specific inhibitor EX527 significantly attenuated or abolished the ability of NaHS to reverse the CSE-induced oxidative stress. SIRT1 inhibition also abolished the protection of NaHS against CSE-induced EMT. Moreover, SIRT1 activation attenuated CSE-induced EMT by modifying TGF-ß1-mediated Smad3 transactivation. In conclusion, H2S prevented CS-induced airway remodeling in mice by reversing oxidative stress and EMT, which was partially ameliorated by SIRT1 activation. These findings suggest that H2S may have therapeutic potential for the prevention and treatment of COPD.

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 105979, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771816

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary fibrosis (COPD) is a chronic and fatal lung disease with few treatment options. Sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a donor of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), was found to alleviate cigarette smoke (CS)-induced emphysema in mice, however, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been clarified. In this study, we investigated its effects on COPD in a CS-induced mouse model in vivo and in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-stimulated alveolar epithelial A549 cells in vitro. The results showed that NaHS not only relieved emphysema, but also improved pulmonary function in CS-exposed mice. NaHS significantly increased the expressions of tight junction proteins (i.e., ZO-1, Occludin and claudin-1), and reduced apoptosis and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß) in CS-exposed mouse lungs and CSE-incubated A549 cells, indicating H2S inhibits CS-induced inflammation, injury and apoptosis in alveolar epithelial cells. NaHS also upregulated prolyl hydroxylase (PHD)2, and suppressed hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α expression in vivo and in vitro, suggesting H2S inhibits CS-induced activation of PHD2/HIF-1α axis. Moreover, NaHS inhibited CS-induced phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38 MAPK in vivo and in vitro, and treatment with their inhibitors reversed CSE-induced ZO-1 expression and inflammation in A549 cells. These results suggest that NaHS may prevent emphysema via the suppression of PHD2/HIF-1α/MAPK signaling pathway, and subsequently inhibition of inflammation, epithelial cell injury and apoptosis, and may be a novel strategy for the treatment of COPD.

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