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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2401693, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733317

RESUMO

Flexible metal-organic framework (MOF) adsorbents commonly encounter limitations in removing trace impurities below gate-opening threshold pressures. Topology reconfiguration can fundamentally eliminate intrinsic structural flexibility, yet remains a formidable challenge and is rarely achieved in practical applications. Herein, we present a solvent-mediated approach to regulate the flexible CuSnF6-dpds-sql (dpds = 4,4''-dipyridyldisulfide) with sql topology into rigid CuSnF6-dpds-cds with cds topology. Notably, the cds topology is unprecedented and firstly obtained in anion-pillared MOF materials. As a result, rigid CuSnF6-dpds-cds exhibits enhanced C2H2 adsorption capacity of 48.61 cm3 g-1 at 0.01 bar compared to flexible CuSnF6-dpds-sql (21.06 cm3 g-1). The topology transformation also facilitates the adsorption kinetics for C2H2, exhibiting a 6.5-fold enhanced diffusion time constant (D/r2) of 1.71 × 10-3 s-1 on CuSnF6-dpds-cds than that of CuSnF6-dpds-sql (2.64 × 10-4 s-1). Multiple computational simulations reveal the structural transformations and guest-host interactions in both adsorbents. Furthermore, dynamic breakthrough experiments demonstrate that high-purity C2H4 (>99.996%) effluent with a productivity of 93.9 mmol g-1 can be directly collected from C2H2/C2H4 (1/99, v/v) gas-mixture in a single CuSnF6-dpds-cds column. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Endocrine ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730070

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The differential diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma (PC)/parathyroid adenoma (PA) in parathyroid tumors is critical for their management and prognosis. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) identification in the peripheral blood of parathyroid tumors remains unknown. In this study, we proposed to investigate the differences of CTCs in PC/PA and the relationship with clinicopathologic features to assess its relevance to PC and value in identifying PC/PA. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Peripheral blood was collected from 27 patients with PC and 37 patients with PA treated in our hospital, and the number of chromosome 8 aberrant CTCs was detected by negative magnetic bead sorting fluorescence in situ hybridization (NE-FISH). The differences of CTCs in PC/PA peripheral blood were compared and their diagnostic efficacy was evaluated, and the correlation between CTCs and clinicopathological features of PC was further explored. RESULTS: CTCs differed significantly in PC/PA (p = 0.0008) and were up-regulated in PC, with good diagnostic efficacy. CTCs combined with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay improved the diagnostic efficacy in identifying PC/PA (AUC = 0.7838, p = 0.0001). The number of CTCs was correlated with tumor dimensions, but not significantly correlated with clinical markers such as calcium and PTH and pathological features such as vascular invasion, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. CONCLUSION: As a non-invasive liquid biopsy method, CTCs test combined with ALP test can be used as an important reference basis for timely and accurate identification and treatment of PC. It is of great significance to improve the current situation of PC diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

3.
iScience ; 27(5): 109785, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746663

RESUMO

Centrosomes composed of centrioles and the pericentriolar material (PCM), serve as the platform for microtubule polymerization during mitosis. Despite some centriole and PCM proteins have been reported to utilize liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) to perform their mitotic functions, whether and how centrosomal kinases exert the coacervation in mitosis is still unknown. Here we reveal that Aurora-A, one key centrosomal kinase in regulating centrosome formation and functions, undergoes phase separation in vitro or in centrosomes from prophase, mediated by the conserved positive-charged residues inside its intrinsic disordered region (IDR) and the intramolecular interaction between its N- and C-terminus. Aurora-A condensation affects centrosome maturation, separation, initial spindle formation from the spindle pole and its kinase activity. Moreover, BuGZ interacts with Aurora-A to enhance its LLPS and centrosome functions. Thus, we propose that Aurora-A collaborates with BuGZ to exhibit the property of LLPS in centrosomes to control its centrosome-dependent functions from prophase.

5.
J Mol Cell Biol ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710586

RESUMO

Chromothripsis, a type of complex chromosomal rearrangement originally known as chromoanagenesis, has been a subject of extensive investigation due to its potential role in various diseases, particularly cancer. Chromothripsis involves the rapid acquisition of tens to hundreds of structural rearrangements within a short period, leading to complex alterations in one or a few chromosomes. This phenomenon is triggered by chromosome missegregation during mitosis. Errors in accurate chromosome segregation lead to formation of aberrant structural entities such as micronuclei or chromatin bridges. The association between chromothripsis and cancer has attracted significant interest, with potential implications for tumorigenesis and disease prognosis. This review aims to explore the intricate mechanisms and consequences of chromothripsis, with a specific focus on its association with mitotic perturbations. Herein, we discuss a comprehensive analysis of crucial molecular entities and pathways, exploring the intricate roles of the CIP2A-TOPBP1 complex, micronuclei formation, chromatin bridge processing, DNA damage repair, and mitotic checkpoints. Moreover, the review will highlight recent advancements in identifying potential therapeutic targets and the underlying molecular mechanisms associated with chromothripsis, paving the way for future therapeutic interventions in various diseases.

6.
Sci Adv ; 10(19): eadl4449, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718124

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) hold great promise for diverse applications when combined with polymers. However, a persistent challenge lies in the susceptibility of exposed MOF pores to molecule and polymer penetration, compromising the porosity and overall performance. Here, we design a molecular-caged MOF (MC-MOF) to achieve contracted window without sacrificing the MOF porosity by torsional conjugated ligands. These molecular cages effectively shield against the undesired molecule penetration during polymerization, thereby preserving the pristine porosity of MC-MOF and providing outstanding light and thermal management to the composites. The polymer containing 0.5 wt % MC-MOF achieves an 83% transmittance and an exceptional haze of 93% at 550 nanometers, coupled with remarkable thermal insulation. These MC-MOF/polymer composites offer the potential for more uniform daylighting and reduced energy consumption in sustainable buildings when compared to traditional glass materials. This work delivers a general method to uphold MOF porosity in polymers through molecular cage design, advancing MOF-polymer applications in energy and sustainability.

7.
J Clin Anesth ; 96: 111493, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723416

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The use of hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 has been linked to renal injury in critically ill patients, but its impact on surgical patients remains uncertain. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted at one tertiary care hospital in China. PATIENTS: We evaluated the records of 51,926 Chinese adults who underwent noncardiac surgery from 2013 to 2022. Patients given a combination of hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 and crystalloids were propensity-matched at a 1: 1 ratio of baseline characteristics to patients given only crystalloids (11,725 pairs). INTERVENTIONS: Eligible patients were divided into those given a combination of hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 and crystalloid during surgery and a reference crystalloid group consisting of patients who were not given any colloid. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was the incidence of acute kidney injury. Secondarily, acute kidney injury stage, need for renal replacement therapy, intensive care unit transfer rate, and duration of postoperative hospitalization were considered. MAIN RESULTS: After matching, hydroxyethyl starch use [8.5 (IQR: 7.5-10.0) mL/kg] did not increase the incidence of acute kidney injury compared with that in the crystalloid group [2.0 vs. 2.2%, OR: 0.90 (0.74-1.08), P = 0.25]. Nor did hydroxyethyl starch use worsen acute kidney injury stage [OR 0.90 (0.75-1.08), P = 0.26]. No significant differences between the fluid groups were observed in renal replacement therapy [OR 0.60 (0.41-0.90), P = 0.02)] or intensive care unit transfers [OR 1.02 (0.95-1.09), P = 0.53] after Bonferroni correction. Even in a subset of patients at high risk of renal injury, hydroxyethyl starch use was not associated with worse outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 use was not significantly associated with a greater incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury compared to receiving crystalloid solutions only.

8.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2799: 269-280, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727913

RESUMO

N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are glutamate-gated excitatory channels that play essential roles in brain functions. While high-resolution structures were solved for an allosterically inhibited form of functional NMDA receptor, other key functional states (particularly the active open-channel state) have not yet been resolved at atomic resolutions. To decrypt the molecular mechanism of the NMDA receptor activation, structural modeling and simulation are instrumental in providing detailed information about the dynamics and energetics of the receptor in various functional states. In this chapter, we describe coarse-grained modeling of the NMDA receptor using an elastic network model and related modeling/analysis tools (e.g., normal mode analysis, flexibility and hotspot analysis, cryo-EM flexible fitting, and transition pathway modeling) based on available structures. Additionally, we show how to build an atomistic model of the active-state receptor with targeted molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and explore its energetics and dynamics with conventional MD simulation. Taken together, these modeling and simulation can offer rich structural and dynamic information which will guide experimental studies of the activation of this key receptor.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/química , Conformação Proteica , Humanos , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Modelos Moleculares
9.
Updates Surg ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728004

RESUMO

The aim was to assess conditional survival for colon mucinous adenocarcinoma (MAC) patients, and to construct nomograms to predict conditional survival probability. Survival analysis was done using conditional survival, which was defined as the probability of surviving additional y years for patients who have survived for x years. The mathematical definition was express as: CS (y|x) = S (x + y)/S (x). Cox regression analyses were used to identify prognostic factors. A nomogram is constructed to predict conditional disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) probability according to years that already survive. A total of 179 colon MAC patients were included. The 5-year DFS was 67% after surgery, and the 5-year survival probability of patients, who already survived 1, 2, 3, and 4 years were 75%, 87%, 95%, and 98%, respectively. The 5-year OS was 73% after surgery and increased to 76%, 82%, 88%, and 92% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively. Subgroup analyses demonstrated the superiority of conditional survival was more pronounced in advanced stages than in stage I. And pT stage, pN stage, and lymphovascular invasion were significantly associated with DFS and OS. Conditional survival nomograms were constructed to predict the 5-year conditional DFS and OS probability given survival for 1, 2, 3, 4 years after surgery. Conditional survival can provide dynamic survival probability according to years that already survive, especially for patients with advanced stages. Taking into account the years already survived accounted for, novel nomograms contributed to effectively predicting conditional survival.

10.
Front Genet ; 15: 1242974, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699230

RESUMO

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a widespread allergic airway disease that results from a complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors and affects approximately 10%-40% of the global population. Pollen is a common allergen, and exposure to pollen can cause epigenetic changes. However, the mechanism underlying pollen-induced DNA methylation changes and their potential effects on the allergic march are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the methylation-driven mechanisms of AR during the pollen and non-pollen seasons using bioinformatics analysis and to investigate their relationship with asthma. Methods: We downloaded DNA methylation and gene expression data from the GEO database (GSE50387: GSE50222, GSE50101) and identified differentially methylated positions (DMPs) and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) during the pollen and non-pollen seasons using the CHAMP and limma packages. Through correlation analysis, we identified methylation-driven genes and performed pathway enrichment analysis to annotate their functions. We incorporated external data on AR combined with asthma (GSE101720) for analysis to identify key CpGs that promote the transformation of AR to asthma. We also utilized external data on olive pollen allergy (GSE54522) for analysis to validate the methylation-driven genes. Weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) was employed to identify gene modules significantly correlated with pollen allergy. We extracted genes related to the key methylation-driven gene ZNF667-AS1 from the significant module and performed pathway intelligent clustering using KOBAS-i. We also utilized gene set enrichment analysis to explore the potential function of ZNF667-AS1. Results: We identified 20 and 24 CpG-Gene pairings during the pollen and non-pollen seasons. After incorporating external data from GSE101720, we found that ZNF667-AS1 is a key gene that may facilitate the transformation of AR into asthma during the pollen season. This finding was further validated in another external dataset, GSE54522, which is associated with pollen allergy. WGCNA identified 17 modules, among which the blue module showed significant correlation with allergies. ZNF667-AS1 was located in the blue module. We performed pathway analysis on the genes correlated with ZNF667-AS1 extracted from the blue module and identified a prominent cluster of pathways in the KOBAS-i results, including Toll-like receptor (TLR) family, MyD88, MAPK, and oxidative stress. Gene set enrichment analysis around cg05508084 (paired with ZNF667-AS1) also indicated its potential involvement in initiating and modulating allergic inflammation from the perspective of TLR and MAPK signaling. Conclusion: We identified methylation-driven genes and their related pathways during the pollen and non-pollen seasons in patients with AR and identified key CpGs that promote the transformation of AR into asthma due to pollen exposure. This study provides new insights into the underlying molecular mechanisms of the transformation of AR to asthma.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(18): e38052, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701256

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential mechanisms of Chinese herbs for the treatment of insomnia using a combination of data mining, network pharmacology, and molecular-docking validation. All the prescriptions for insomnia treated by the academician Qi Wang from 2020 to 2022 were collected. The Ancient and Modern Medical Case Cloud Platform v2.3 was used to identify high-frequency Chinese medicinal herbs and the core prescription. The Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology and UniProt databases were utilized to predict the effective active components and targets of the core herbs. Insomnia-related targets were collected from 4 databases. The intersecting targets were utilized to build a protein-protein interaction network and conduct gene ontology enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis using the STRING database, Cytoscape software, and clusterProfiler package. Gene chip data (GSE208668) were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The limma package was applied to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between insomnia patients and healthy controls. To create a "transcription factor (TF)-miRNA-mRNA" network, the differentially expressed miRNAs were entered into the TransmiR, FunRich, Targetscan, and miRDB databases. Subsequently, the overlapping targets were validated using the DEGs, and further validations were conducted through molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations. Among the 117 prescriptions, 65 herbs and a core prescription were identified. Network pharmacology and bioinformatics analysis revealed that active components such as ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, and canadine acted on hub targets, including interleukin-6, caspase-3, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. In GSE208668, 6417 DEGs and 7 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified. A "TF-miRNA-mRNA" network was constructed by 4 "TF-miRNA" interaction pairs and 66 "miRNA-mRNA" interaction pairs. Downstream mRNAs exert therapeutic effects on insomnia by regulating circadian rhythm. Molecular-docking analyses demonstrated good docking between core components and hub targets. Molecular dynamics simulation displayed the strong stability of the complex formed by small molecule and target. The core prescription by the academician Qi Wang for treating insomnia, which involves multiple components, targets, and pathways, showed the potential to improve sleep, providing a basis for clinical treatment of insomnia.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , MicroRNAs , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/genética , Humanos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Mineração de Dados , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
12.
Redox Biol ; 73: 103174, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701646

RESUMO

Ribosomes mediate protein synthesis, which is one of the most energy-demanding activities within the cell, and mitochondria are one of the main sources generating energy. How mitochondrial morphology and functions are adjusted to cope with ribosomal defects, which can impair protein synthesis and affect cell viability, is poorly understood. Here, we used the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces Pombe as a model organism to investigate the interplay between ribosome and mitochondria. We found that a ribosomal insult, caused by the absence of Rpl2702, activates a signaling pathway involving Sty1/MAPK and mTOR to modulate mitochondrial morphology and functions. Specifically, we demonstrated that Sty1/MAPK induces mitochondrial fragmentation in a mTOR-independent manner while both Sty1/MAPK and mTOR increases the levels of mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mROS). Moreover, we demonstrated that Sty1/MAPK acts upstream of Tor1/TORC2 and Tor1/TORC2 and is required to activate Tor2/TORC1. The enhancements of mitochondrial membrane potential and mROS function to promote proliferation of cells bearing ribosomal defects. Hence, our study reveals a previously uncharacterized Sty1/MAPK-mTOR signaling axis that regulates mitochondrial morphology and functions in response to ribosomal insults and provides new insights into the molecular and physiological adaptations of cells to impaired protein synthesis.

13.
Cancer Lett ; 591: 216897, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631664

RESUMO

Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) residing at tumor tissues are valuable specimens for biopsy. Tumor heterogeneity is common across all cancer types, but the heterogeneity of tumor tissue-derived sEVs (Ti-sEVs) is undefined. This study aims to discover the spatial distributions of Ti-sEVs in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues and explore how these vesicle distributions affect the patients' prognosis. Multi-regional sampling enabled us to uncover that Ti-sEVs' accumulation at peritumoral sites correlates with a higher disease-free survival rate, and conversely, sparse peritumoral Ti-sEVs tend to forecast a higher risk of relapse. Of those relapsed patients, Ti-sEVs strongly bind to extracellular matrix and subsequently degrade it for allowing themselves enter the bloodstream rather than staying in situ. In advanced OSCC patients, the quantity and spatial distribution of Ti-sEVs prior to anti-PD-1 treatment, as well as the temporal variance of Ti-sEVs before and after immunotherapy, strongly map the clinical response and can help to distinguish the patients with shrinking tumors from those with growing tumors. Our work elucidates the correlation of spatiotemporal features of Ti-sEVs with patients' therapeutic outcomes and exhibit the potential for using Ti-sEVs as a predictor to forecast prognosis and screen the responders to anti-PD-1 therapy.

14.
Zookeys ; 1197: 1-11, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616922

RESUMO

Two new mealybug species, Paracoccusgillianwatsonae Zhang, sp. nov. and P.wui Zhang, sp. nov., collected from Jiangxi, South China, are described and illustrated based on the morphology of adult females. Paracoccusgillianwatsonae is similar to P.burnerae (Brain, 1915), but it differs in having fewer pairs of cerarii, and in lacking both ventral oral collar tubular ducts on the margins of the head and translucent pores on the hind femur. Paracoccuswui resembles P.keralae Williams, 2004 and P.neocarens (Lit, 1992), but it differs in lacking ventral oral collar tubular ducts on the margins of the head and in having multilocular disc-pores usually in double rows at the posterior edges of abdominal segments V and VI. A key to the Paracoccus species found in China is provided.

15.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-11, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646703

RESUMO

The research was conducted to investigate the improvement of agitated behaviors, cognitive functions, and negative emotions among patients with senile dementia and the burden of caregivers after simulated presence therapy (SPT) intervention. 85 Patients with senile dementia were included as the research subjects and divided into control group (40 cases performed with routine nursing) and observation group (45 cases undergoing routine nursing combined with SPT) via a random number table method. Cohen-Mansfield agitation inventory (CAMI) and protective constraint were used to assess the improvement of agitated behaviors among patients. Besides, apathy evaluation scale-informant (AES-I), functional independence measure (FIM), self-rating depression scale (SDS), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), clock drawing test, and caregiver burden inventory (CBI) were adopted to evaluate the differences in apathy, daily living and sociability, depression, anxiety, cognitive functions, and caregiver burden between the two groups. It was demonstrated that CAMI score, the duration of protective constraint use, AES-I score, SDS score, SAS score, and CBI score among patients in observation group all apparently decreased compared with those in control group after the intervention. In contrast, FIM and clock drawing test scores both notably increased (p < 0.05). The above findings suggested that SPT could obviously reduce the incidence of agitated behaviors, improve the level of apathy, daily living and sociability, depression, anxiety, and cognitive functions, and relieve caregiver burden among patients with senile dementia during SPT intervention for patients with senile dementia.

16.
J Cancer ; 15(9): 2518-2537, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577609

RESUMO

Background: The nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC)-dependent translation (CT) is an important initial translation pathway for 5'-cap-dependent translation in normal mammal cells. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A-III (eIF4A3), as an RNA helicase, is recruited to CT complex and enhances CT efficiency through participating in unwinding of secondary structure in the 5' UTR. However, the detailed mechanism for eIF4A3 implicated in unwinding of secondary structure in the 5' UTR in normal mammal cells is still unclear. Specially, we need to investigate whether the kind of mechanism in normal mammal cells extrapolates to cancer cells, e.g. ESCC, and further interrogate whether and how the mechanism triggers malignant phenotype of ESCC, which are important for identifying a potential therapeutic target for patients with ESCC. Methods: Bioinformatics analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation and RNA pulldown assays were performed to detect the interaction of circular RNA circ-231 with eIF4A3. In vitro and in vivo assays were performed to detect biological roles of circ-231 in ESCC. RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA pulldown, mass spectrometry analysis and co-immunoprecipitation assays were used to measure the interaction of circ-231, eIF4A3 and STAU1 in HEK293T and ESCC. In vitro EGFP reporter and 5' UTR of mRNA pulldown assays were performed to probe for the binding of circ-231, eIF4A3 and STAU1 to secondary structure of 5' UTR. Results: RNA immunoprecipitation assays showed that circ-231 interacted with eIF4A3 in HEK293T and ESCC. Further study confirmed that circ-231 orchestrated with eIF4A3 to control protein expression of TPI1 and PRDX6, but not for mRNA transcripts. The in-depth mechanism study uncovered that both circ-231 and eIF4A3 were involved in unwinding of secondary structure in 5' UTR of TPI1 and PRDX6. More importantly, circ-231 promoted the interaction between eIF4A3 and STAU1. Intriguingly, both circ-231 and eIF4A3 were dependent on STAU1 binding to secondary structure in 5' UTR. Biological function assays revealed that circ-231 promoted the migration and proliferation of ESCC via TPI1 and PRDX6. In ESCC, the up-regulated expression of circ-231 was observed and patients with ESCC characterized by higher expression of circ-231 have concurrent lymph node metastasis, compared with control. Conclusions: Our data unravels the detailed mechanism by which STAU1 binds to secondary structure in 5' UTR of mRNAs and recruits eIF4A3 through interacting with circ-231 and thereby eIF4A3 is implicated in unwinding of secondary structure, which is common to HEK293T and ESCC. However, importantly, our data reveals that circ-231 promotes migration and proliferation of ESCC and the up-regulated circ-231 greatly correlates with tumor lymph node metastasis, insinuating that circ-231 could be a therapeutic target and an indicator of risk of lymph node metastasis for patients with ESCC.

17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18208, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613347

RESUMO

Increasing evidences have found that the interactions between hypoxia, immune response and metabolism status in tumour microenvironment (TME) have clinical importance of predicting clinical outcomes and therapeutic efficacy. This study aimed to develop a reliable molecular stratification based on these key components of TME. The TCGA data set (training cohort) and two independent cohorts from CGGA database (validation cohort) were enrolled in this study. First, the enrichment score of 277 TME-related signalling pathways was calculated by gene set variation analysis (GSVA). Then, consensus clustering identified four stable and reproducible subtypes (AFM, CSS, HIS and GLU) based on TME-related signalling pathways, which were characterized by differences in hypoxia and immune responses, metabolism status, somatic alterations and clinical outcomes. Among the four subtypes, HIS subtype had features of immunosuppression, oxygen deprivation and active energy metabolism, resulting in a worst prognosis. Thus, for better clinical application of this acquired stratification, we constructed a risk signature by using the LASSO regression model to identify patients in HIS subtype accurately. We found that the risk signature could accurately screen out the patients in HIS subtype and had important reference value for individualized treatment of glioma patients. In brief, the definition of the TME-related subtypes was a valuable tool for risk stratification in gliomas. It might serve as a reliable prognostic classifier and provide rational design of individualized treatment, and follow-up scheduling for patients with gliomas.


Assuntos
Glioma , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Metabolismo Energético , Análise por Conglomerados , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , Hipóxia
18.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2337157, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644633

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the knowledge about, attitudes toward, and acceptance and predictors of receiving the mpox vaccine among Chinese cancer patients. Patients were selected using a convenience sampling method. A web-based self-report questionnaire was developed to assess cancer patients' knowledge, attitudes, and acceptance regarding the mpox vaccine. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine predictors of acceptance of the mpox vaccine. A total of 805 cancer patients were included in this study, with a vaccine hesitancy rate of 27.08%. Approximately 66% of the patients' information about mpox and the vaccine came from the mass media, and there was a significant bias in the hesitant group's knowledge about mpox and the vaccine. Multivariable logistic regression analysis suggested that retirement; chemotherapy; the belief that the mpox vaccine could prevent disease, that vaccination should be compulsory when appropriate and that the mpox vaccine prevents mpox and reduces complications; the willingness to pay for the mpox vaccine; the willingness to recommend that friends and family receive the mpox vaccine; and the belief that the mpox vaccine should be distributed fairly and equitably were factors that promoted vaccination. The belief that mpox worsens tumor prognosis was a driving factor for vaccine hesitancy. This study investigated the knowledge of cancer patients about mpox and the vaccine, evaluated the acceptance and hesitancy rates of the mpox vaccine and examined the predictors of vaccination intention. We suggest that the government scientifically promote the vaccine and develop policies such as free vaccination and personalized vaccination to increase the awareness and acceptance rate of the mpox vaccine.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , China , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia , Adulto , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Vacinas Anticâncer , Hesitação Vacinal/psicologia , Hesitação Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinação/psicologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Intenção , Adulto Jovem
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(17): e2314201121, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635631

RESUMO

To effectively protect the host from viral infection while avoiding excessive immunopathology, the innate immune response must be tightly controlled. However, the precise regulation of antiviral innate immunity and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we find that sirtuin3 (SIRT3) interacts with mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS) to catalyze MAVS deacetylation at lysine residue 7 (K7), which promotes MAVS aggregation, as well as TANK-binding kinase I and IRF3 phosphorylation, resulting in increased MAVS activation and enhanced type I interferon signaling. Consistent with these findings, loss of Sirt3 in mice and zebrafish renders them more susceptible to viral infection compared to their wild-type (WT) siblings. However, Sirt3 and Sirt5 double-deficient mice exhibit the same viral susceptibility as their WT littermates, suggesting that loss of Sirt5 in Sirt3-deficient mice may counteract the increased viral susceptibility displayed in Sirt3-deficient mice. Thus, we not only demonstrate that SIRT3 positively regulates antiviral immunity in vitro and in vivo, likely via MAVS, but also uncover a previously unrecognized mechanism by which SIRT3 acts as an accelerator and SIRT5 as a brake to orchestrate antiviral innate immunity.


Assuntos
Sirtuína 3 , Sirtuínas , Viroses , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Imunidade Inata , Lisina , Sirtuína 3/genética , Sirtuínas/genética , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(17): e2314353121, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635634

RESUMO

Auxin regulates plant growth and development through downstream signaling pathways, including the best-known SCFTIR1/AFB-Aux/IAA-ARF pathway and several other less characterized "noncanonical" pathways. Recently, one SCFTIR1/AFB-independent noncanonical pathway, mediated by Transmembrane Kinase 1 (TMK1), was discovered through the analyses of its functions in Arabidopsis apical hook development. Asymmetric accumulation of auxin on the concave side of the apical hook triggers DAR1-catalyzed release of the C-terminal of TMK1, which migrates into the nucleus, where it phosphorylates and stabilizes IAA32/34 to inhibit cell elongation, which is essential for full apical hook formation. However, the molecular factors mediating IAA32/34 degradation have not been identified. Here, we show that proteins in the CYTOKININ INDUCED ROOT WAVING 1 (CKRW1)/WAVY GROWTH 3 (WAV3) subfamily act as E3 ubiquitin ligases to target IAA32/34 for ubiquitination and degradation, which is inhibited by TMK1c-mediated phosphorylation. This antagonistic interaction between TMK1c and CKRW1/WAV3 subfamily E3 ubiquitin ligases regulates IAA32/34 levels to control differential cell elongation along opposite sides of the apical hook.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Proteínas F-Box , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas F-Box/genética , Proteínas F-Box/metabolismo
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