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1.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646744

RESUMO

Respective detection of microplastics (MPs) and nanoplastics (NPs) is of great importance for their different environmental behaviors and toxicities. Using spherical polystyrene (PS) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) plastics as models, the efficiency for sequential isolation of MPs and NPs by membrane filtration and cloud-point extraction was evaluated. After filtering through a glass membrane (1 µm pore size), over 90.7% of MPs were trapped on the membrane, whereas above 93.0% of NPs remained in the filtrate. The collected MPs together with the glass membrane were frozen in liquid nitrogen, ground, and suspended in water (1 mL) and subjected to pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) determination. The NPs in the filtrate were concentrated by cloud-point extraction, heated at 190 °C to degrade the extractant, and then determined by Py-GC/MS. For MPs and NPs spiked in pure water, the method detection limits are in the range of 0.05-1.9 µg/L. The proposed method is applied to analyze four real water samples, with the detection of 1.6-7.6 µg/L PS MPs and 0.6 µg/L PMMA MPs in three samples, and spiked recoveries of 75.0-102% for MPs and 67.8-87.2% for NPs. Our method offers a novel sample pretreatment approach for the respective determination of MPs and NPs.

2.
Pharmacol Res Perspect ; 9(1): e00716, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523576

RESUMO

Glutaraldehyde-fixed porcine heart valve (GPHV) calcify and deteriorate over time. The aim of this study was to explore the roles macrophages play in mediating calcification and degeneration of the valve's connective tissue matrix. GPHV were implanted subcutaneously in the abdomens of C57BL/6 mice. The mice were equally divided into two study groups: (a) GPHV +phosphate buffered saline (PBS) liposomes, and (b) GPHV +clodronate liposomes. GPHV were collected for further analyses at 4 weeks post implant. Macrophages were almost depleted from the spleens of mice injected with clodronate liposomes as indicated by immunohistochemical staining. Furthermore, the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, and proinflammatory cytokines like IL-1ß, IL-6, MCP-1, MIP-1a, MIP-1b, were downregulated in the GPHV +Clodronate liposomal group compared with the GPHV+PBS liposomal group. Clodronate liposomal treatment led to significant decreases in the expression of RUNX2, ALP and OPN as well as less calcium deposits in GPHVs compared with PBS liposomal treatment. This finding indicated that infiltrating macrophages are critically involved in the development of calcification and deterioration in GPHVs. Macrophage depletion by clodronate liposomes decreased the extent of GPHV's calcification and deterioration.

3.
Neurochem Res ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559830

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the effects and function of microRNA-101a-3p (miR-101a-3p) in epilepsy. Rat model of pilocarpine-induced epilepsy was established and the seizure frequency was recorded. Expression of miR-101a-3p and c-Fos in hippocampus tissues of Rat models were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot. Besides, we established a hippocampal neuronal culture model of acquired epilepsy using Mg2+ free medium to evaluate the effects of miR-101a-3p and c-Fos in vitro. Cells were transfected with miR-101a-3p mimic, si-c-FOS, miR-101a-3p + c-FOS and its corresponding controls. MTT assay was used to detect cell viability upon transfection. Flow cytometry was performed to determine the apoptosis rate. Western blot was performed to measure the protein expression of apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved caspase 3), autophagy-related proteins (LC3 and Beclin1) and c-FOS. The targeting relationship between miR-101a-3p and c-FOS was predicted and verified by TargetScan software and dual-luciferase reporter assay. The role of miR-101a-3p was validated using epilepsy rat models in vivo. Another Rat models of pilocarpine-induced epilepsy with miR-NC or miR-101a-3p injection were established to evaluate the effect of miR-101a-3p overexpression on epilepsy in vivo. MiR-101a-3p was downregulated while c-FOS was increased in hippocampus tissues of Rat model of pilocarpine-induced epilepsy. Overexpression of miR-101a-3p or c-FOS depletion promoted cell viability, inhibited cell apoptosis and autophagy. C-FOS was a target of miR-101a-3p and miR-101a-3p negatively regulated c-FOS expression to function in epilepsy. Overexpression of miR-101a-3p attenuated pilocarpine-induced epilepsy in Rats in vivo. This study indicated that miR-101a-3p could attenuate pilocarpine-induced epilepsy by repressing c-Fos expression.

4.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 232, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608634

RESUMO

Convincing evidence supports the premise that reducing α-synuclein levels may be an effective therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD); however, there has been lack of a clinically applicable α-synuclein reducing therapeutic strategy. This study was undertaken to develop a blood-brain barrier and plasma membrane-permeable α-synuclein knockdown peptide, Tat-ßsyn-degron, that may have therapeutic potential. The peptide effectively reduced the level of α-synuclein via proteasomal degradation both in cell cultures and in animals. Tat-ßsyn-degron decreased α-synuclein aggregates and microglial activation in an α-synuclein pre-formed fibril model of spreading synucleinopathy in transgenic mice overexpressing human A53T α-synuclein. Moreover, Tat-ßsyn-degron reduced α-synuclein levels and significantly decreased the parkinsonian toxin-induced neuronal damage and motor impairment in a mouse toxicity model of PD. These results show the promising efficacy of Tat-ßsyn-degron in two different animal models of PD and suggest its potential use as an effective PD therapeutic that directly targets the disease-causing process.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of superselective vesical artery embolization (SVAE) in the treatment of intractable hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2018, 26 patients with hematologic malignancy who underwent SVAE for treatment of intractable HC following HSCT were retrospectively reviewed. SVAE was performed with 300-500 µm gelatin-sponge particles initially. Technical success was defined as achieving bilateral SVAE for all the prominent vesical arteries. Therapeutic efficacy was defined as: Complete response (CR): macroscopic hematuria completely disappeared on more than 2 consecutive days after SVAE; Partial response (PR): macroscopic hematuria reduced after SVAE or briefly disappeared after SVAE but reappeared soon within 2 days; No response: no response to SVAE or hematuria aggravated after SVAE; Recurrence: macroscopic hematuria relapsed on follow-up after achieving an initial CR. Adverse events were also registered. RESULTS: There was a mean follow-up of 11.4 months (range, 0.5-83.7). The mean interval for the onset of HC after HSCT was 39.7 ± 19.0 days, and mean duration of hematuria before embolization was 14.9 ± 15.7 days. SVAE was technically successful in all patients. After embolization, macroscopic hematuria regressed within 48 h for all patients. The mean urine erythrocyte counts dropped from 14,213.2 ± 20,999.0/uL before SVAE to 6072.9 ± 12,720.7/uL on 3d after SVAE (P = 0.002) and 3720.2 ± 8988.9/uL on 7 d after SVAE (P = 0.001), respectively. Hematuria completely disappeared prior to discharge in 23 (88.5%) patients (including 20 with one embolization and 3 with 2 embolizations) and remainder 3 patients had PR. No major procedure-related complications were noted, except for post-embolization syndrome in 8 patients, which resolved with symptomatic treatment. On follow-up monthly, hematuria recurrence was seen in 4/23 patients (17.4%) and was managed conservatively in 2 patients and with repeat embolization in the remainder 2 patients. CONCLUSION: For fragile patients with hematologic malignancy, SVAE is safe and effective to treat HC following HSCT, even though repeat embolization may be required to achieve a sustained complete remission of the hematuria.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 590: 352-364, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549894

RESUMO

Micro-/nanostructured materials can control the diffraction and propagation of light, thereby providing new optical properties that can be exploited to enhance photocatalytic processes. In this work, a series of the cauliflower-like MoS2/CdS hybrid micro-/nanostructures is synthesized. These structures contain numerous cracks and pores that can enhance the absorption and utilization of light as well as shorten the distance for transferring photogenerated electrons to the catalyst surface. The results of ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance absorption spectra show that the composite material has enhanced absorption in the visible light region. Further investigation of the optical characteristics of the synthesized materials using a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation reveals that the cauliflower-like micro-/nanostructure increases the optical absorption intensity at the MoS2/CdS interface. Notably, the MoS2/CdS hybrid micro-/nanostructures exhibits high photocatalytic hydrogen production activity (9.5 mmol g-1 h-1) and long-lasting cycle stability. This work helps us to further understand the enhancement mechanism of light absorption and utilization by porous structural materials.

7.
Viral Immunol ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566740

RESUMO

Autophagy is involved in the pathogenesis of multiple pathogen infection. Previous studies have reported that human cytomegalovirus (CMV) activates autophagy in the early stage of infection and then inhibits autophagy. Little is known about the role of autophagy in murine CMV (MCMV) infection, especially in MCMV-induced hepatitis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of autophagy in MCMV hepatitis. BALB/c mice were infected with MCMV and a series of experiments involving western blot, immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, H&E (Hematoxylin and Eosin) staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed in this study. The expression of SQSTM1/p62, PI3K, the ratio of phosphorylated Akt to total Akt, and the ratio of phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) to total mTOR were increased, and the expression of light-chain 3 (LC3)-II were decreased in the livers of infected mice on days 3 and 7 postinfection (p.i.). Compared with the untreated infected group, increased transcription level of MCMV glycoprotein B (gB), increased expression levels of interleukin1-ß (IL-1ß), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), decreased expression level of type I interferon α (IFN-α), as well as aggravated liver pathological injury were detected in starvation-treated infected group on days 3 and 7 p.i.; whereas decreased transcription level of MCMV gB, decreased expression levels of IL-1ß, AST and ALT, increased expression level of type I IFN-α, as well as alleviated liver pathological injury were detected in chloroquine (CQ)-treated infected group on day 3 p.i. In conclusion, autophagy is inhibited through activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway in the liver of BALB/c mice during MCMV infection, and autophagy may promote MCMV replication and aggravate liver pathological damage and inflammation. Further understanding of the interactions between autophagy and MCMV infection and its potential mechanism may bring new important cues to the control of MCMV infection and antiviral therapy.

8.
Syst Biol Reprod Med ; : 1-8, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618583

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the expression of Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit (c-Fos) in the genital tubercle (GT) of rats with di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)-induced hypospadias and in the prepuce of patients with hypospadias compared with unaffected controls. Pregnant rats were given 750 mg/kg/day DEHP orally from gestational days 12-19. Western blotting showed that c-Fos expression was increased in DEHP-induced hypospadiac male offspring. In addition, 30 prepuce tissue specimens obtained during hypospadias repair surgery were divided into 2 groups: the mild hypospadias group (n = 15) and the severe hypospadias group (n = 15). Fifteen normal prepuce tissue specimens were harvested during elective circumcision as normal controls. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and immunohistochemistry analyses were used to assess c-Fos expression. c-Fos protein levels were higher in the GT of DEHP-induced rats than in that of control rats. c-Fos mRNA and protein levels were also higher in the hypospadias groups than in the control group (p < 0.05, p < 0.001), and c-Fos protein levels were significantly higher in the severe hypospadias group than in the mild hypospadias group (p < 0.01). The expression of c-Fos was increased in both the GT of DEHP-induced hypospadiac rats and the prepuce of hypospadias patients. Thus, c-Fos overexpression might contribute to hypospadias.Abbreviations: DEHP: di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate; c-Fos: Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit; Mafb: the masculinization-regulatory gene v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene family, protein B; GT: genital tubercle; ED: embryonic day; AGD: anogenital distance; AGI: anogenital distance index; ED: embryonic day.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621071

RESUMO

Concerns on nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (nitro-PAHs) in the environment have mainly arisen from their mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. The objective of this study is to investigate whether nitro-PAH exposures are associated with biomarkers of cardiovascular pathophysiology. In a panel study design, urines and blood samples were collected up to four times with a 2-week interval from 89 healthy adults. We measured 1-naphthylamine, 2-naphthylamine, 9-aminophenanthrene, 2-aminofluorene, and 1-aminopyrene as biomarkers of nitro-PAH exposures. We measured three urinary metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA) including 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) from the cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathway, 8-isoprostane from the nonenzymatic pathway, and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 (11-dhTXB2) from the cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway. Urinary malondialdehyde, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s) were measured to reflect systemic oxidative stress. Plasma concentrations of the soluble P-selectin and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were measured as biomarkers of platelet activation and endothelial dysfunction. We found that increased urinary concentrations of amino-PAHs were significantly associated with increased 20-HETE, 11-dhTXB2, and 8-OHdG and with decreased 8-isoprostane and aMT6s. Increased amino-PAHs were positively associated with P-selectin and vWF, respectively. These results suggest that exposure to nitro-PAHs increases systemic oxidative stress and alters AA metabolism toward CYP and COX pathways, leading to an increased cardiovascular disease risk.

10.
Opt Lett ; 46(3): 468-471, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528386

RESUMO

We experimentally demonstrated that the transversal vortex modes of an all-fiber erbium-doped Brillouin laser can be dynamically switched by using the high-order mode (HOM) of Brillouin pump (BP), which is used to achieve the oscillation of HOM inside the ring cavity. Core-mode conversion in a few-mode fiber (FMF) between the fundamental mode and HOM is obtained by cascading an acoustically induced fiber grating (AIFG) and a mode selection coupler (MSC) operating at the same wavelength region. Through frequency shift keying (FSK) modulation of the AIFG signal, the output transversal modes can be switched dynamically between LP01 and vortex modes, and the measured purities of output HOM are more than 82%. Moreover, the output Brillouin wavelength can also be tuned via altering the input wavelength of BP and the resonant response of AIFG. We have achieved HOM Brillouin-shifted laser output within the wavelength band from 1545-1560 nm. The output linewidth of the proposed Brillouin laser is less than 4 kHz.

11.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(3): 296-305, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534412

RESUMO

Circular RNAs are thought to play a vital function in the progression of various cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the biological function and mechanism of circ_0000372 in CRC are still not clear. The expression of circ_0000372 and microRNA (miR)-495 was examined by quantitative real-time PCR. Cell proliferation was evaluated using cell counting kit 8 and colony formation assays. Further, cell migration and invasion were assessed using transwell assay. Additionally, western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of proteins associated with proliferation, metastasis, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT3) signaling pathway and interleukin 6 (IL6). Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay were employed to verify the interaction between miR-495 and circ_0000372 or IL6. Furthermore, the effect of circ_0000372 on CRC tumor growth in vivo was explored using the mice xenograft models. Circ_0000372 was markedly upregulated in CRC, and its high expression was associated with the poor prognosis of CRC patients. Silenced circ_0000372 was able to suppress CRC cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and CRC tumor growth in vivo. Bioinformatics prediction and experimental verification proposed that circ_0000372 could sponge miR-495, and miR-495 could target IL6. Besides, the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway activation could be regulated by circ_0000372, miR-495 and IL6. Rescue assay results confirmed that the inhibition effect of circ_0000372 knockdown on the proliferation and metastasis of CRC could be reversed by miR-495 inhibitor or IL6 overexpression. In short, we concluded that circ_0000372 promoted CRC progression by regulating the miR-495/IL6 axis, suggesting that circ_0000372 could be used as a new prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC.

12.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 195: 113876, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429252

RESUMO

In this study, we developed a sensitive and efficient analytical approach combining a 96-well plate-based protein precipitation strategy with ultra-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) in order to assess the pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of sivelestat and its metabolite XW-IMP-A in samples of plasma from ALI/ARDS patients with SIRS. The samples were separated via gradient elution with a C18 column (Phenomenex Kinetex, C18, 2.6 µm, 100 Å, 50 × 2.1 mm) using 0.1 % formic acid aqueous solution (A) and acetonitrile-methanol (1:1, V:V) (B) as a mobile phase at a 0.6 mL/min flow rate. UPLC-MS/MS spectra were generated in positive ion mode, and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) was used to detect the following transitions: m/z 435.1 → 360.0 for sivelestat, m/z 469.0 → 394.0 for sivelestat-IS, m/z 351.0 → 276.0 for XW-IMP-A, and m/z 384.9 → 310.0 for XW-IMP-A-IS. This assay was run for 2.5 min in total, and achieved lowest limit of quantitation values of 2.0 ng/mL and 0.5 ng/mL for sivelestat and XW-IMP-A, respectively, while remaining highly linear from 2-500 ng/mL for sivelestat (r2 ≥ 0.9900) and from 0.5-125 ng/mL for XW-IMP-A (r2 ≥ 0.9900). These validated data were consistent with US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) acceptance criteria. In addition, this method was successfully applied to the steady-state PK evaluation of ALI/ARDS patients with SIRS.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432452

RESUMO

PURPOSE: P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) acts as a crucial regulator for the inflammatory cells infiltration by mediating the adhesion of leukocytes. However, the role of PSGL-1 in aortic aneurysm remains elusive. Here, we investigated the role of PSGL-1 in aortic aneurysm (AA) development. METHODS: We first detected PSGL-1 expression in samples from aortic aneurysm patients and mouse AA models via western blotting, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry, and then we used global PSGL-1 knockout mice and their wild type controls to establish an aortic aneurysm model induced by deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) plus high salt (HS). The incidence, fatality rates, and the pathological changes of aortic aneurysm were analyzed in each group. The inflammation, adhesion molecules expression, and PSGL-1 mediated leukocyte-endothelial adhesion and their underlying mechanisms were explored further. RESULTS: Increased PSGL-1 levels were observed in human and mouse aortic aneurysm, and on leukocytes of mice treated with DOCA+HS. PSGL-1 deficiency reduced the incidence and severity of aortic aneurysm significantly, as well as decreased elastin fragmentation, collagen accumulation, and smooth muscle cells degeneration. Mechanistically, the protective effect of PSGL-1 inhibition was mediated by the reduced adhesion molecules, and the subsequently reduced leukocyte-endothelial adhesion through the NF-κB pathway, which finally led to reduced inflammatory cells infiltration and decreased inflammatory factors expression. CONCLUSION: PSGL-1 deficiency is protective against inflammatory cells migration and recruitment in the condition of AA through attenuation of leukocyte-endothelial adhesion. Inhibition of PSGL-1 may be a potential therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of human AA.

14.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 7, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of binding between class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and neoepitope is critical for target identification within personalized T-cell based immunotherapy. Many recent prediction tools developed upon the deep learning algorithms and mass spectrometry data have indeed showed improvement on the average predicting power for class I HLA-peptide interaction. However, their prediction performances show great variability over individual HLA alleles and peptides with different lengths, which is particularly the case for HLA-C alleles due to the limited amount of experimental data. To meet the increasing demand for attaining the most accurate HLA-peptide binding prediction for individual patient in the real-world clinical studies, more advanced deep learning framework with higher prediction accuracy for HLA-C alleles and longer peptides is highly desirable. RESULTS: We present a pan-allele HLA-peptide binding prediction framework-MATHLA which integrates bi-directional long short-term memory network and multiple head attention mechanism. This model achieves better prediction accuracy in both fivefold cross-validation test and independent test dataset. In addition, this model is superior over existing tools regarding to the prediction accuracy for longer ligand ranging from 11 to 15 amino acids. Moreover, our model also shows a significant improvement for HLA-C-peptide-binding prediction. By investigating multiple-head attention weight scores, we depicted possible interaction patterns between three HLA I supergroups and their cognate peptides. CONCLUSION: Our method demonstrates the necessity of further development of deep learning algorithm in improving and interpreting HLA-peptide binding prediction in parallel to increasing the amount of high-quality HLA ligandome data.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I , Redes Neurais de Computação , Peptídeos , Ligação Proteica , Algoritmos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/química , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/metabolismo
15.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449985

RESUMO

Crystalline polyoxovanadates (POVs) are a subclass of polyoxometalates with significance in chemical, physical and materials sciences. Recent studies revealed that the condensation of vanadate and borate fragments may yield a whole new class of POVs. These novel vanadoborates are typically prepared by high-temperature solid-state, boric acid flux or low-temperature hydrothermal techniques. The different connections of [VOx] (x = 4, 5, 6) and [BOx] (x = 3, 4) polyhedral units ultimately result in a fascinating variety of vanadoborate anionic clusters, which can be at the genesis of a myriad of one-dimensional (1-D), two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) polymeric architectures by way of either self-condensation or by forming covalent bonds with other metal ions or unsaturated metal complexes. This review summarizes, in a systematic structural approach, the most striking advances in the syntheses, structural features, and some properties of crystalline vanadoborates based on different [VxBy] and [VxByPz] clusters. It intends to provide meaningful and helpful guidance for the future preparation of new and functional vanadoborates.

16.
Brain Behav ; 11(2): e02000, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To create and validate a model to predict depression symptom severity among patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) using commonly recorded variables within medical claims databases. METHODS: Adults with TRD (here defined as > 2 antidepressant treatments in an episode, suggestive of nonresponse) and ≥ 1 Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 record on or after the index TRD date were identified (2013-2018) in Decision Resource Group's Real World Data Repository, which links an electronic health record database to a medical claims database. A total of 116 clinical/demographic variables were utilized as predictors of the study outcome of depression symptom severity, which was measured by PHQ-9 total score category (score: 0-9 = none to mild, 10-14 = moderate, 15-27 = moderately severe to severe). A random forest approach was applied to develop and validate the predictive model. RESULTS: Among 5,356 PHQ-9 scores in the study population, the mean (standard deviation) PHQ-9 score was 10.1 (7.2). The model yielded an accuracy of 62.7%. For each predicted depression symptom severity category, the mean observed scores (8.0, 12.2, and 16.2) fell within the appropriate range. CONCLUSIONS: While there is room for improvement in its accuracy, the use of a machine learning tool that predicts depression symptom severity of patients with TRD can potentially have wide population-level applications. Healthcare systems and payers can build upon this groundwork and use the variables identified and the predictive modeling approach to create an algorithm specific to their population.

17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(1): 261-270, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33477234

RESUMO

The rapid urbanization has greatly changed the spatial pattern and function of regional habitats, profoundly affected the material flow and energy flow between habitats, and also posed a serious threat to habitats and biodiversity. Here, we used InVEST model, landscape index and multiple linear regression to systematically analyze the spatial and temporal variation and influencing factors for the impacts of urbanization on habitat quality in the Loess Plateau and the densely populated areas from 1990 to 2018. The results showed that the urban expansion of Loess Plateau significantly affected habitat quality. Between 1990 and 2018, the area of construction land increased by 49.6%, resulting in a 5.2% reduction in the total area of habitat patch. After 2010, the urban patch area increased, but the patch density and fragmentation decreased, resulting in a spatial pattern of "high outside and low inside" for urban habitat quality. The rate of urban expansion in densely populated areas was significantly negatively correlated with the habitat quality. The average value of habitat quality in the region dropped by 2.7%, whereas the level of habitat degradation increased by 33.4%. The level of habitat quality was unstable, and patches with high-level habitats were easily converted to lower level. The conversion rates of Lanzhou, Xi'an-Xianyang and Taiyuan were 12.9%, 2.9% and 1.7%, respectively. There were eight influencing factors that could effectively explain the spatial variation of habitat quality (R2=68.7%). Among those factors, population density and distance to roads were the main factors for the fragmentation of habitats, while slope, GDP and precipitation had positive effects on the optimization of habitat spatial patterns.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Biodiversidade , China , Urbanização
18.
Plant J ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484592

RESUMO

The shoot apical meristems (SAMs) of land plants are crucial for plant growth and organ formation. In several angiosperms, the HAIRY MERISTEM (HAM) genes function as key regulators that control meristem development and stem cell homeostasis. To date, the origin and evolutionary history of the HAM family in land plants remains unclear. Potentially shared and divergent functions of HAM family members from angiosperms and non-angiosperms are also not known. In constructing a comprehensive phylogeny of the HAM family, we show that HAM proteins are widely present in land plants and HAM originated prior to the divergence of bryophytes. HAM duplicated in a common ancestor of angiosperms, leading to two distinct groups, the Type I and Type II. The Type II HAM members are widely present in angiosperms, whereas the Type I HAM members were independently lost in different orders of monocots. Furthermore, HAM members from angiosperms and non-angiosperms (including bryophytes, lycophytes, ferns, and gymnosperms) are able to replace the role of the Type II HAM genes in Arabidopsis, maintaining established SAMs and promoting the initiation of new stem cell niches. Our results uncover the conserved functions of HAM family members and reveal the conserved regulatory mechanisms underlying HAM expression patterning in meristems, providing insight into the evolution of key stem cell regulators in land plants.

19.
Oncol Rep ; 45(1): 359-367, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416121

RESUMO

Long non­coding RNA Fer­1­like protein 4 (FER1L4) has been reported to play crucial regulatory roles in tumor progression and apoptosis. However, its clinical significance and biological role in non­small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are completely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of lncRNA FER1L4 in plasma and tissues of patients with NSCLC and study the mechanism of proliferation and apoptosis of lung cancer cells. The expression levels of FER1L4 in plasma and tissues of NSCLC patients and cell lines were analyzed via RT­qPCR. The effects of FER1L4 on cell proliferation, migration and invasion were analyzed by CCK­8, wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. The expression levels of related proteins were detected by western blot assay, while cell apoptosis was determined by Hoechst staining and flow cytometry. The results revealed that FER1L4 was significantly downregulated in NSCLC plasma and tissues and lung cancer cell lines compared to corresponding controls. Moreover, a significant decrease of cell proliferation, migration and invasion were observed in FER1L4­overexpressed cells. FER1L4 could promote phosphatase and tension homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) and p53 expression, inhibit AKT phosphorylation expression, thus increasing the proportion of apoptotic cells. The present study indicated that FER1L4 may inhibit cell proliferation and promote apoptosis of NSCLC cells via the PTEN/AKT/p53 pathway, which provides a better understanding of the pathogenesis of NSCLC and may provide a novel potential therapeutic target for clinical treatment.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503370

RESUMO

Two new one-dimensional (1D) vanadium(III) chalcogenidostannates, [H2tepa]0.5n[VIII(tepa)(µ-Sn2Q6)]n [Q = S (1), Se (2); tepa = tetraethylenepentamine], were achieved by solvothermal methods, which offer the first examples of organic hybrid polymeric chalcogenidostannates incorporating [V(tepa)]3+ complexes as bridging groups. Both 1 and 2 feature the 1D sinusoidal chains of [VIII(tepa)(µ-Sn2Q6)]n containing two types of novel bridging modes of the [µ-Sn2Q6]4- anion. Their magnetic, photocurrent response, and optical properties are also studied.

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