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1.
Cell Chem Biol ; 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35316658

RESUMO

Phospholipids are ligands for nuclear hormone receptors (NRs) that regulate transcriptional programs relevant to normal physiology and disease. Here, we demonstrate that mimicking phospholipid-NR interactions is a robust strategy to improve agonists of liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1), a therapeutic target for colitis. Conventional LRH-1 modulators only partially occupy the binding pocket, leaving vacant a region important for phospholipid binding and allostery. Therefore, we constructed a set of molecules with elements of natural phospholipids appended to a synthetic LRH-1 agonist. We show that the phospholipid-mimicking groups interact with the targeted residues in crystal structures and improve binding affinity, LRH-1 transcriptional activity, and conformational changes at a key allosteric site. The best phospholipid mimetic markedly improves colonic histopathology and disease-related weight loss in a murine T cell transfer model of colitis. This evidence of in vivo efficacy for an LRH-1 modulator in colitis represents a leap forward in agonist development.

2.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 862006, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35498747

RESUMO

As a metabolic disease, fatty liver hemorrhagic syndrome (FLHS) has become a serious concern in laying hens worldwide. Abrus cantoniensis Hance (AC) is a commonly used plant in traditional medicine for liver disease treatment. Nevertheless, the effect and mechanism of the decoction of AC (ACD) on FLHS remain unclear. In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography analysis was used to identify the main phytochemicals in ACD. FLHS model of laying hens was induced by a high-energy low-protein (HELP) diet, and ACD (0.5, 1, 2 g ACD/hen per day) was given to the hens in drinking water at the same time for 48 days. Biochemical blood indicators and histopathological analysis of the liver were detected and observed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of ACD. Moreover, the effects of ACD on liver metabolomics and gut microbiota in laying hens with FLHS were investigated. The results showed that four phytochemicals, including abrine, hypaphorine, vicenin-2, and schaftoside, were identified in ACD. ACD treatment ameliorated biochemical blood indicators in laying hens with FLHS by decreasing aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total cholesterol, and increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In addition, lipid accumulation in the liver and pathological damages were relieved in ACD treatment groups. Moreover, distinct changes in liver metabolic profile after ACD treatment were observed, 17 endogenous liver metabolites mainly associated with the metabolism of arachidonic acid, histidine, tyrosine, and tryptophan were reversed by ACD. Gut microbiota analysis revealed that ACD treatment significantly increased bacterial richness (Chao 1, P < 0.05; Ace, P < 0.01), and upregulated the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and downregulated Proteobacteria, improving the negative effects caused by HELP diet in laying hens. Taken together, ACD had a protective effect on FLHS by regulating blood lipids, reducing liver lipid accumulation, and improving the dysbiosis of liver metabolomics and gut microbiota.

4.
Front Neurol ; 13: 874867, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493811

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and long-term surgical outcomes of patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis with teratoma. Methods: Patients who were admitted to West China Hospital from June 2012 to June 2019 and diagnosed with anti-NMDAR encephalitis were enrolled in the study. Medical records were reviewed prospectively to gather clinical characteristic data. Patients were followed up at long-term every 3 months. Results: This study included 192 patients, among whom 21 (10.9%) were detected with having a teratoma. Patients included 20 women, with a mean age of 24.62 ± 7.61 years. Seizure and psychiatric symptoms were the most dominant symptoms in both groups, followed by memory deficits. Central hypoventilation (52.4 vs. 17%, p < 0.001) and decreased consciousness (71.4 vs. 31.3%, p = 0.002) were significantly more frequent in patients with teratoma than in those without. Moreover, the anti-NMDAR antibody titer was higher (p = 0.021) and the baseline modified Rankin scale score was lower (p = 0.004) in patients with teratoma than in those without. First-line immunotherapy was performed in 21 (100%) patients with teratoma and 167 (97.7%) patients without teratoma. All patients with teratoma had the tumor removed. During follow-up, two (9.5%) patients with teratoma and 11 (6.4%) patients without teratoma died, whereas 1 (4.8%) patient with teratoma and 37 (21.6%) patients without teratoma had relapses. Overall, 19 (90.5%) patients with teratoma and 151 (88.3%) patients without teratoma achieved favorable clinical outcomes at the final follow-up. Conclusions: With early detection and removal of teratoma, most patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis and teratoma achieved a favorable long-term prognosis.

5.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 7677266, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35494523

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effect of different doses of propofol on pulmonary function and inflammatory response in patients with lung ischemia reperfusion injury (LIRI) induced by one-lung ventilation (OLV) based on big data analysis. Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 105 patients who underwent lobectomy in our hospital (January 2018 to January 2022). According to the doses of propofol, they were split into low-dose group (LDG), middle-dose group (MDG), and high-dose group (HDG), which received the continuous micropump infusion of propofol at the doses of 2 mg/(kg·h), 5 mg/(kg·h), and 10 mg/(kg·h) after induction, respectively, with 35 cases in each group. The indexes, such as the pulmonary function and inflammatory factors of patients, at different times were compared. The logistic regression analysis was performed according to the occurrence of LIRI. Results: With no notable difference at T0 among the three groups (P > 0.05), the Cdyn levels significantly decreased at T1 (P < 0.05) and gradually increased at T2. The Cdyn levels at T1 and T2 were remarkably higher in HDG and MDG than in LDG (P < 0.05). With no notable differences at T0 and T1 among the three groups (P > 0.05), the PA-aO2 levels and RI values at T2 in MDG and HDG were lower compared with LDG (P < 0.05). The RI values at T1 and T2 in HDG were higher compared with MDG, with no obvious difference (P > 0.05). The OI levels at T1 and T2 in HDG were lower compared with the other two groups (P < 0.05), and the OI levels at T1, T2, and T3 in LDG were higher compared with MDG, with no obvious difference (P > 0.05). The TNF-α and ICAM-1 levels at T1 and T2 in MDG and HDG were lower compared with LDG, with no obvious difference between MDG and HDG (P > 0.05). Compared with LDG, the MDG and HDG at T1 and T2 had lower MDA levels (P < 0.05) and higher SOD levels (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that Cdyn, PA-aO2, and OLV time were independent risk factors for LIRI in patients undergoing lobectomy. Conclusion: Propofol has a good protective effect on lung function in patients with OLV-induced LIRI. Appropriately increasing the dose of propofol can effectively improve the local cerebral hypoxia and lung compliance of patients and reduce the inflammatory response and oxidative stress response, with 5 mg/(kg·h) as the clinical reference. Preoperative assessment and preparation should be made for patients, close attention should be paid to risk factors, such as Cdyn and PA-aO2, and OLV time should be controlled.


Assuntos
Ventilação Monopulmonar , Propofol , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Análise de Dados , Humanos , Pulmão , Propofol/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/induzido quimicamente , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Plant Signal Behav ; 17(1): 2071024, 2022 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506344

RESUMO

Members of the SNF1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) family are plant-specific serine or threonine kinases that play a pivotal role in the response of plants to abiotic stresses. Members of this plant-specific kinase family have included a critical regulator (SnRK2) of abscisic acid (ABA) response in plants. Plant organ development is governed substantially by the interaction of the SnRK2 and the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA). Recent research has revealed a synergistic link between SnRK2 and ABA signaling in a plant's response to stress such as drought and shoot growth. SnRK2 kinases play a dual role in the control of SnRK1 and the development of a plant. The dual role of SnRK2 kinases promotes plant growth under optimal conditions and in the absence of ABA while inhibiting the growth of plants in response to ABA. In this review, we have uncovered the roles of ABA-activated SnRK2 kinases in plants, as well as their physiological mechanisms.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
7.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2104531, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524637

RESUMO

The silicon oxide/graphite (SiO/C) composite anode represents one of the promising candidates for next generation Li-ion batteries over 400 Wh kg-1 . However, the rapid capacity decay and potential safety risks at low temperature restrict their widely practical applications. Herein, the fabrication of sulfide-rich solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer on surface of SiO/C anode to boost the reversible Li-storage performance at low temperature is reported. Different from the traditional SEI layer, the present modification layer is composed of inorganic-organic hybrid components with three continuous layers as disclosed by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). The result shows that ROSO2 Li, ROCO2 Li, and LiF uniformly distribute over different layers. When coupled with LiNi0.8 Co0.1 Mn0.1 O2 cathode, the capacity retention achieves 73% at -20 °C. The first principle calculations demonstrate that the gradient adsorption of sulfide-rich surface layer and traditional intermediate layer can promote the desolvation of Li+ at low temperature. Meanwhile, the inner LiF-rich layer with rapid ionic diffusion capability can inhibit dendrite growth. These results offer new perspective of developing advanced SiO/C anode and low-temperature Li-ion batteries.

8.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524909

RESUMO

Animal cloning can be achieved by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), but the resulting live birth rate is relatively low. We previously improved the efficiency of bovine SCNT by exogenous melatonin treatment or by overexpression of lysine-specific demethylase 4D (KDM4D) and 4E (KDM4E). In this study, we revealed abundant alternative splicing (AS) transitions during fertilization and embryonic genome activation, and demonstrated abnormal AS in bovine SCNT embryos compared with in vitro fertilized embryos. We used the CRISPR-Cas13d RNA-targeting system to target cis-elements of ABI2 and ZNF106 pre-mRNA to modify AS, thus reducing the ratio of abnormal-isoform SCNT embryos by nearly 50% and achieving a high survival rate (11%-19%). These results indicate that this system may provide an efficient method for bovine cloning, while also paving the way for further improvements in the efficiency of SCNT.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that real-time monitoring of plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA (EBV DNA) during chemoradiotherapy defined four distinct phenotypic clusters of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In particular, the treatment-resistant group, defined as detectable EBV DNA at the end of radiotherapy, had the worst prognosis and is thought to have minimal residual disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is the first phase-2 trial to use a targeted agent, apatinib (an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF] receptor 2 tyrosine kinase), in the treatment-resistant group. Eligible patients had plasma EBV DNA >0 copies/mL at the end of radiotherapy (+/- 1 week). Patients received apatinib (500 mg, once-daily) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or for a maximum of 2 years. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were enrolled and 23 patients who received apatinib were included in the analyses. Three-year DFS was 47.8% and overall survival (OS) was 73.9%. Patients with plasma VEGF-A ≤150 pg/ml at 28 days after the initiation of treatment had significantly better 3-year DFS (66.7% vs. 14.3%, P = 0.041) and OS (88.9% vs. 42.9%, P = 0.033). The most common adverse event of grade ≥3 was nasopharyngeal necrosis (26%), oral/pharyngeal pain (22%), and hand-foot syndrome (22%). Nineteen patients had serial EBV DNA data. Fourteen patients had plasma EBV DNA clearance (turn to 0) and 5 (36%) of these 14 patients had disease recurrence or death, whereas all five patients without EBV DNA clearance had disease recurrence or death (3-year DFS: 64.3% vs. 0%, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The use of antiangiogenic agents shortly after radiotherapy might increase the risk of necrosis. This approach needs to be avoided until translational and preclinical studies revealed the underlying mechanism of interaction between radiotherapy and antiangiogenic agents. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT********.

10.
Theranostics ; 12(7): 3488-3502, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547749

RESUMO

Background: The participation of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in antigen presentation shapes both the breadth and magnitude of specific T cell response. Dendritic cells (DCs) activated with nucleic acid or protein that encodes/incorporates multiple antigenic epitopes elicit MHC class I- and II- biased immunity, respectively. Studies demonstrate that an elevated MHC class I-directed CD8+ cytotoxicity T lymphocyte (CTL) response is able to provide survival benefits to patient with malignant tumor. However, a fully effective cancer therapy must elicit a diverse repertoire of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses, raising demands on a multifaceted activation of the MHC system. Current therapeutic strategies usually lack an orchestrated mobilization of the MHC class I and II responses. Vaccines with little synergistic effect or unmanageable elicitation of the CD4+ and CD8+ T cell immunity usually fail to induce a potent and durable anti-tumor protection. Methods: Here, cationic nanoemulsions (CNEs) complexed with full-length tumor model antigen ovalbumin (OVA) in the form of mRNA or protein were constructed and used as two antigenic platforms to prepare DCs vaccines with tailored MHC participation (i.e., mRNA-DCs and protein-DCs). In exploring a vaccine regimen with optimal tumor suppressing effect, the mixing ratio of mRNA-DCs and protein-DCs was manipulated. Results: Therapeutic DCs vaccines involving both antigenic platforms induced better anti-tumor immunity in murine E.G7-OVA lymphoma model and B16-OVA melanoma model, which can be further augmented upon a meticulous reallocation of the MHC class I and II responses. Conclusion: This work indicated that a simultaneous and coordinated mobilization of the MHC-restricted immunity might potentiate cancer therapy.

11.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 174982, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569550

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 3 (SGK3) promotes the progression and drug resistance of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer. Therefore, SGK3 is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of ER + breast cancer. In this study, we used computer-aided drug discovery/design to perform a virtual screening of SGK3 inhibitors from the ZINC database. The results of MTT assay, real-time cell proliferation analysis, colony formation assay, transwell migration assay, and orthotopic implantation model show that Zinc-09 inhibited the proliferation and migration of ER + breast cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, Zinc-09 decreased SGK3 expression, and knockdown of SGK3 by siRNA reversed the inhibitory effect of Zinc-09 in MCF-7 cells. Moreover, Zinc-09 treatment induced G1 phase arrest and autophagic cell death. Taken together, Zinc-09 can suppress ER + breast cancer. This study provides an experimental and theoretical basis for the research and development of new anti-ER + breast cancer drugs.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 842879, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571083

RESUMO

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. This study examined the effect and elucidated the mechanism of improvement of hyperglycemia and insulin resistance by a co-crystal of rosiglitazone with berberine (RB) in high-sugar high-fat diet (HSHFD)-induced diabetic KKAy mice. Methods: Diabetic KKAy mice were randomly divided into seven groups: KKAy model control group (DM control) treated with 3% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose; RB groups, administered daily with RB 0.7 mg/kg (RB-L), 2.11 mg/kg (RB-M), or 6.33 mg/kg (RB-H); positive control groups, administered daily with rosiglitazone 1.04 mg/kg (RSG), berberine 195 mg/kg (BBR), or combination of 1.04 mg/kg RSG and 1.08 mg/kg BBR (MIX). Test compounds were administered orally for 8 weeks. Non-diabetic C57BL/6J mice were used as normal control (NC). Blood glucose, food intake, body weight, glucose-lipid metabolism, and pathological changes in the pancreas and liver were examined. We further evaluated the mechanism of action of RB in C2C12 and HepG2 cells stimulated with high glucose and palmitate. Results: RB treatment improved glucolipid metabolism and insulin resistance in diabetic KKAy mice. RB reduced blood glucose levels, white fat index, plasma triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP), and insulin levels, increased the levels of plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and glycogen content in the liver and muscle; and improved oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin tolerance test (ITT), and pathological changes in the pancreas and liver of KKAy mice. Moreover, RB upregulated p-PI3K and p-AKT levels and reduced TXNIP expression in KKAy mice and in HepG2 and C2C12 cells. Conclusion: These data indicate that RB ameliorates insulin resistance and metabolic disorders, and the mechanism might be through regulating the PI3K/AKT/TXNIP signaling pathway . Thus, the co-crystal drug RB may be considered as a potential antidiabetic agent for future clinical therapy.

13.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 19(4): 251-253, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572219
14.
Laryngoscope ; 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To design a deep learning model based on multimodal magnetic resonance image (MRI) sequences for automatic parotid neoplasm classification, and to improve the diagnostic decision-making in clinical settings. METHODS: First, multimodal MRI sequences were collected from 266 patients with parotid neoplasms, and an artificial intelligence (AI)-based deep learning model was designed from scratch, combining the image classification network of Resnet and the Transformer network of Natural language processing. Second, the effectiveness of the deep learning model was improved through the multi-modality fusion of MRI sequences, and the fusion strategy of various MRI sequences was optimized. In addition, we compared the effectiveness of the model in the parotid neoplasm classification with experienced radiologists. RESULTS: The deep learning model delivered reliable outcomes in differentiating benign and malignant parotid neoplasms. The model, which was trained by the fusion of T2-weighted, postcontrast T1-weighted, and diffusion-weighted imaging (b = 1000 s/mm2 ), produced the best result, with an accuracy score of 0.85, an area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.96, a sensitivity score of 0.90, and a specificity score of 0.84. In addition, the multi-modal paradigm exhibited reliable outcomes in diagnosing the pleomorphic adenoma and the Warthin tumor, but not in the identification of the basal cell adenoma. CONCLUSION: An accurate and efficient AI based classification model was produced to classify parotid neoplasms, resulting from the fusion of multimodal MRI sequences. The effectiveness certainly outperformed the model with single MRI images or single MRI sequences as input, and potentially, experienced radiologists. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Laryngoscope, 2022.

15.
Anal Chem ; 94(18): 6637-6638, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535462
16.
Med Phys ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543109

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Compared to the pencil-beam algorithm, the Monte-Carlo (MC) algorithm is more accurate for dose calculation but time-consuming in proton therapy. To solve this problem, this study uses deep learning to provide fast 3D dose prediction for prostate cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT). METHODS: A novel recurrent U-net (RU-net) architecture was trained to predict the 3D dose distribution. Doses, CT images, and beam spot information from IMPT plans were used to train the RU-net with a 5-fold cross-validation. However, predicting the complicated dose properties of the IMPT plan is difficult for neural networks. Instead of the Peak-MU model, this work develops the Multi-MU model that adopted more comprehensive inputs and was trained with a combinational loss function. The dose difference between the prediction dose and MC dose was evaluated with gamma analysis, dice similarity coefficient (DSC), and dose-volume histogram (DVH) metrics. The Monte-Carlo dropout was also added to the network to quantify the uncertainty of the model. RESULTS: Compared to the Peak-MU model, the Multi-MU model led to smaller mean absolute errors (3.03% vs. 2.05%, p = 0.005), higher gamma-passing rate (2mm, 3%: 97.42% vs. 93.69%, p = 0.005), higher dice similarity coefficient, and smaller relative DVH metrics error (CTV D98% : 3.03% vs. 6.08%, p = 0.017; in Bladder V30: 3.08% vs. 5.28%, p = 0.028; and in Bladder V20: 3.02% vs. 4.42%, p = 0.017). Considering more prior knowledge, the Multi-MU model had better-predicted accuracy with a prediction time of less than half a second for each fold. The mean uncertainty value of the Multi-MU model is 0.46%, with a dropout rate of 10%. CONCLUSION: This method was a nearly real-time IMPT dose prediction algorithm with accuracy comparable to the PB analytical algorithms used in prostate cancer. This RU-net might be used in plan robustness optimization and robustness evaluation in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522991

RESUMO

Tuning the thermal properties of materials is considered to be of crucial significance for improving the performance of electronic devices. Along these lines, the development of van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures becomes an effective solution to affect the thermal transport mechanisms. However, vdW interactions usually block phonon transport, which leads to a reduction in thermal conductivity. In this work, we experimentally demonstrate a large enhancement in the thermal conductivity of a vdW heterostructure composed of few-layer hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO). By controlling the reduction temperature of RGO and changing the thickness of h-BN, the thermal conductivity of the RGO is increased by nearly 18 times, namely, from 91 to 1685 W m-1 K-1. Photothermal scanning imaging is used to reveal the changes in the heat transfer and temperature distribution of the h-BN/RGO heterostructure. Both photothermal scanning and Raman spectroscopy experiments show that the vdW interaction between h-BN and RGO can greatly increase the thermal conductivity of RGO, which is in contrast to the conventional understanding that vdW interaction reduces thermal conductivity. Our work paves the way for the manipulation of the thermal conductivity of two-dimensional (2D) heterostructures, which could be of great significance for future nanoelectronic circuits.

18.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(15): 3431-3437, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411775

RESUMO

Lead-free metal halide light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on cesium copper halide (CsCu2I3) self-trapped-exciton (STE) emissions show great potential in lighting and color display applications, especially because of their nontoxicity and earth abundance. However, so far, the efficiency and color purity of CsCu2I3-based LEDs remain low. Here we demonstrate the emission of a CsCu2I3 emitter can be enhanced and narrowed in a top-emitting microcavity device. Consequently, the CsCu2I3-based LED device with the assistance of a top-emitting microcavity has significantly narrowed and enhanced the emission spectrum with a full width at half-maximum of 59 nm and a maximum forward brightness of 14767 cd m-2. To the best of our knowledge, this work achieves the narrowest CsCu2I3 LED spectra and demonstrates the potential of employing the microcavity effect to increase the efficiency and color purity of STE-based light-emitting devices.

19.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(16): 3611-3620, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427145

RESUMO

Multi-photoaddressable systems (MPSs) belong to complex systems, which are comprised of more than one photoswitching molecule and can respond to different wavelengths of light simultaneously. While MPSs have been extensively applied in various fields, there are also some challenges, such as the deficiency of the wavelength-selective control and the interference from the poor thermodynamic stability of used photoswitching molecules. Herein, we reported two robust MPSs (MPS1/2) consisting of diarylethylene derivative (DAE) and different donor-acceptor Stenhouse adducts (DASAs), in which both opened and closed forms of DAE and opened forms of DASAs are thermodynamically stable. MPS1/2 enable fully reversible cyclic photoswitching with improved thermal interference resistance. Moreover, MPS2 also shows a favorable property in PMMA films and has been applied in multicolor display. It is expected that the prepared MPSs could be used in more fields such as information storage and reading and encoding light.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 304: 119234, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367285

RESUMO

In recent years, the naturally high background value region of Cd derived from the weathering of carbonate has received wide attention. Due to the significant difference in soil Cd content and bioavailability among different parent materials, the previous land classification scheme based on total soil Cd content as the classification standard, has certain shortcomings. This study aims to explore the factors influencing soil Cd bioavailability in typical karst areas of Guilin and to suggest a scientific and effective farmland use management plan based on the prediction model. A total of 9393 and 8883 topsoil samples were collected from karst and non-karst areas, respectively. Meanwhile, 149 and 145 rice samples were collected together with rhizosphere soil in karst and non-karst areas, respectively. The results showed that the higher CaO level in the karst area was a key factor leading to elevated soil pH value. Although Cd was highly enriched in karst soils, the higher pH value and adsorption of Mn oxidation inhibited Cd mobility in soils. Conversely, the Cd content in non-karst soils was lower, whereas the Cd level in rice grains was higher. To select the optimal prediction model based on the correlation between Cd bioaccumulation factors and geochemical parameters of soil, artificial neural network (ANN) and linear regression prediction models were established in this study. The ANN prediction model was more accurate than the traditional linear regression model according to the evaluation parameters of the test set. Furthermore, a new land classification scheme based on an ANN prediction model and soil Cd concentration is proposed in this study, making full use of the spatial resources of farmland to ensure safe rice consumption.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , China , Fazendas , Redes Neurais de Computação , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise
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