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1.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 60(4): 370-373, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583061

RESUMO

A 62-year-old female patient presented with no improvement in vision 10 days after undergoing cataract extraction in the right eye. The unaided visual acuity in the right eye was 0.1, and examination with a slit lamp revealed the presence of the intraocular lens with an increased gap between the intraocular lens and the posterior capsule. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography showed a distance of 3.236 mm between the posterior capsule and the posterior surface of the intraocular lens. Based on the medical history, ocular examination, and auxiliary examinations, a diagnosis of right eye capsular blockage syndrome was made. Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy was performed at the anterior capsule outside the optical zone of the intraocular lens. One week later, the posterior capsule adhered to the posterior surface of the intraocular lens, and there was a significant improvement in vision compared to before the procedure.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Cápsula do Cristalino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cápsula do Cristalino/cirurgia , Neodímio , Alumínio , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Ítrio , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
2.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 32(3): 222-227, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584103

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical manifestations and prognostic factors of patients with hepatic amyloidosis in a single center. Methods: The clinical data of 28 primary systemic light chain amyloidosis cases with liver involvement in our center from October 2012 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The main clinical manifestations and prognostic factors were studied. Statistical analysis were performed using the χ(2) test, Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon rank test, or Kaplan-Meier survival curve log-rank test according to the different data. Results: The main clinical manifestations of patients with liver involvement were abdominal distension, hepatomegaly, and edema. CD56 and chemokine receptor 4 protein expression accounted for 52% (13/25) and 56% (14/25). 64.3% (9/14) patients were combined with t (11,14), and 21.4% (3/14) patients were positive for 1q21 (+), and no patients were detected with del(17p). Univariate analysis showed that Mayo 2004 and 2012 stages and total bilirubin (TBil) ≥34.2 µmol/L were associated with progression-free survival and overall survival. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were significantly inferior in patients with TBil≥34.2µmol/L group (0.178 years, 0.195 years) than with the TBil<34.2µmol/L group (0.750 years, 3.586 years) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Mayo stage and hyperbilirubinemia are inferior prognostic factors for patients with primary systemic light chain amyloidosis accompanied with liver involvement.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Hepatomegalia
3.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 32(3): 235-241, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584105

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the predictive value of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in concurrently infected patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods: 220 cases with ACLF diagnosed and treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2011 to December 2016 were selected. Patients were divided into an infection and non-infection group according to whether they had co-infections during the course of the disease. Clinical data differences were compared between the two groups of patients. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to screen out influencing factors related to co-infection. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of PNI for ACLF co-infection. The measurement data between groups were compared using the independent sample t-test and the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test. The enumeration data were analyzed using the Fisher exact probability test or the Pearson χ(2) test. The Pearson method was performed for correlation analysis. The independent risk factors for liver failure associated with co-infection were analyzed by multivariate logistic analysis. Results: There were statistically significant differences in ascites, hepatorenal syndrome, PNI score, and albumin between the infection and the non-infection group (P < 0.05). Among the 220 ACLF cases, 158 (71.82%) were infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The incidence rate of infection during hospitalization was 69.09% (152/220). The common sites of infection were intraabdominal (57.07%) and pulmonary infection (29.29%). Pearson correlation analysis showed that PNI and MELD-Na were negatively correlated (r = -0.150, P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis results showed that low PNI score (OR=0.916, 95%CI: 0.865~0.970), ascites (OR=4.243, 95%CI: 2.237~8.047), and hepatorenal syndrome (OR=4.082, 95%CI : 1.106~15.067) were risk factors for ACLF co-infection (P < 0.05). The ROC results showed that the PNI curve area (0.648) was higher than the MELD-Na score curve area (0.610, P < 0.05). The effectiveness of predicting infection risk when PNI was combined with ascites and hepatorenal syndrome complications was raised. Patients with co-infections had a good predictive effect when PNI ≤ 40.625. The sensitivity and specificity were 84.2% and 41.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Low PNI score and ACLF co-infection have a close correlation. Therefore, PNI has a certain appraisal value for ACLF co-infection.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Coinfecção , Síndrome Hepatorrenal , Humanos , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/diagnóstico , Avaliação Nutricional , Prognóstico , Síndrome Hepatorrenal/complicações , Ascite/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vírus da Hepatite B , Curva ROC
4.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 53(4): 358-363, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556819

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, molecular characteristics and differential diagnosis of primary cardiac synovial sarcoma (PCSS). Methods: Five cases of PCSS were collected at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from 2008 to 2023, and their clinicopathological features were summarized. Immunohistochemical staining, fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were performed, and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results: The cases were found in four males and one female, ranging in ages from 16 to 51 years (median 30 years). Two cases were located in the pericardium, two in the right ventricle, and one in the left ventricle. Follow-up data were available in four cases. All the four patients died of disease at 3, 7, 13 and 26 months, respectively, after diagnosis. The tumor maximum diameter ranged from 6.0 to 14.0 cm in (mean 10.0 cm). Microscopically, three cases were monophasic and two cases were biphasic. Immunohistochemically, all cases were immunoreactive for EMA, vimentin, bcl-2 and CD56. The tumor cells were variably positive for pan-cytokeratin, SS18-SSX, SOX2, TLE1, CD99, synaptophysin, calretinin and calponin. FISH showed the presence of SS18 rearrangement in all the cases. NGS detected SS18-SSX gene fusion in three cases (SS18-SSX1 in one and SS18-SSX2 in two). Conclusions: PCSS is an exceedingly rare neoplasm, and should be distinguished from other various malignant epithelial and mesenchymal tumors. The clinical history, histopathological and immunohistochemical features, and molecular findings are all essential to the definitive diagnosis of PCSS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas , Neoplasias do Mediastino , Sarcoma Sinovial , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Sarcoma Sinovial/genética , Sarcoma Sinovial/diagnóstico , Sarcoma Sinovial/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Neoplasias Cardíacas/genética , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia
6.
J Exerc Sci Fit ; 22(3): 221-226, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559907

RESUMO

Objectives: Emerging evidence indicates that the composition of movement behaviours within a 24-h period is associated with multiple health benefits across the lifespan. A concept that emphasises an individual's active lifestyle is physical literacy (PL), yet empirical research exploring the potential associations between PL and 24-h movement guidelines remains scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between levels of PL and adherence to the guidelines among Chinese university students. Study design: A cross-sectional study. Methods: Seven hundred and ninety-eight university students (390 male, 19.2 ± 1.2 years) completed all the measurements. Levels of PL and participants' adherence to guidelines including physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep were self-reported through Perceived Physical Literacy Instrument, International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, respectively. Two-way ANOVA was conducted to determine the associations between the number of guidelines met (0, 1, 2, or 3) and levels of PL. Results: The results demonstrate that 36.5% (n = 291) of the participants met all the three guidelines, while 4.1% (n = 33) met none. Further analysis indicated that meeting physical activity or sedentary behaviour guidelines was associated with significantly higher total PL scores, and scores in the sub-domains of Confidence and Physical Competence and Motivation. Conclusions: The findings provide evidence that young adults who obtained higher PL scores may meet more guidelines during a 24-h period. Future studies should incorporate accelerometer-based physical activity measurements and investigate the causal relationship between PL and adherence to the movement guidelines.

9.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 63(4): 406-411, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561287

RESUMO

This study investigated the characteristics and frequency of perioperative anaphylactic shock induced by cefuroxime, so as to provide a reference for the safe and rational use of cefuroxime in the perioperative period. Cases of perioperative anaphylactic shock caused by cefuroxime in our hospital from 2011 to 2021 were extracted from the Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring System. Literature reporting adverse drug reactions (ADR) including cefuroxime-induced anaphylactic shock in perioperative settings was collected from the CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, and Web of Science databases from their respective inception to May 2022. Statistical analysis was performed for all cases of cefuroxime-induced perioperative anaphylactic shock. A total of 31 patients were included [13 men (48.1%) and 14 women (51.9%)], most of whom were over 60 years old (n=16, 59.3%); 9 (29.0%) patients had a history of drug allergy; 5 (16.1%) patients had received skin tests, but with negative results; 28 (90.3%) patients received treatment intravenously; 22 (71.0%) patients were treated after anesthesia. For 20 (64.5%) patients the ADR occurred within 10 minutes after anesthesia. The main manifestations were hypotension, dyspnea, rash, and tachycardia. For all patients, symptoms resolved after withdrawal of the drug and active rescue, and there were no deaths. A history of allergy and skin test findings may have limitations in predicting perioperative anaphylactic shock caused by cefuroxime; greater vigilance should be exercised when using cefuroxime in the perioperative period. Close monitoring is recommended for patients undergoing treatment with cefuroxime. Rescue therapy should be administered for allergic shock, and suitable response measures must be taken in a timely manner to ensure the safety of patients.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cefuroxima/efeitos adversos , Anafilaxia/induzido quimicamente , Anafilaxia/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/etiologia , Testes Cutâneos/efeitos adversos
10.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(3): 437-446, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597434

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of metformin against PM2.5-induced functional impairment of placental trophoblasts and explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Sixteen pregnant Kunming mice were randomly assigned into two groups (n=8) for intratracheal instillation of PBS or PM2.5 suspension at 1.5, 7.5, and 12.5 days of gestation. The pregnancy outcome of the mice was observed, and placental zonal structure and vascular density of the labyrinth area were examined with HE staining, followed by detection of ferroptosis-related indexes in the placenta. In cultured human trophoblasts (HTR8/SVneo cells), the effects of PM2.5 exposure and treatment with metformin on cell viability, proliferation, migration, invasion, and tube formation ability were evaluated using CCK8 assay, EDU staining, wound healing assay, Transwell experiment, and tube formation experiment; the cellular expressions of ferroptosis-related proteins were analyzed using ELISA and Western blotting. RESULTS: M2.5 exposure of the mice during pregnancy resulted in significantly decreased weight and number of the fetuses and increased fetal mortality with a reduced placental weight (all P<0.001). PM2.5 exposure also caused obvious impairment of the placental structure and trophoblast ferroptosis. In cultured HTR8/SVneo cells, PM2.5 significantly inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis of the cells by causing ferroptosis. Metformin treatment obviously attenuated PM2.5-induced inhibition of proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis of the cells, and effectively reversed PM2.5-induced ferroptosis in the trophoblasts as shown by significantly increased intracellular GSH level and SOD activity, reduced MDA and Fe2+ levels, and upregulated GPX4 and SLC7A11 protein expression (P<0.05 or 0.01). CONCLUSION: PM2.5 exposure during pregnancy causes adverse pregnancy outcomes and ferroptosis and functional impairment of placental trophoblasts in mice, and metformin can effectively alleviate PM2.5-induced trophoblast impairment.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Metformina , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Camundongos , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Animais , Placenta/metabolismo , Metformina/farmacologia , Trofoblastos , Movimento Celular , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Pré-Eclâmpsia/metabolismo
11.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(3): 571-577, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory effect of miR-132-3p on calmodulin-binding transcription activator 1 (CAMTA1) and Schwann cell activity in rats with facial nerve injury (FNI) treated with I-125 seeds. METHODS: Rat Schwann cells were irradiated with I-125 seeds and transfected with miR-132-3p mimic, miR-132-3p inhibitor or sh-CAMTA1. The expressions of S100B and ß-tubulin Ⅲ in the cells were detected with immunofluorescence assay, and the expressions of miR-132-3p and CAMTA1 protein were determined using RT-qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. EdU staining and Transwell assay were used to evaluate the changes in cell proliferation and migration ability. In a rat model of FNI, I-125 seeds were implanted into the facial tissues near the facial nerve 2 weeks before modeling, and miR-132-3p mimic was injected subcutaneously in the face after modeling. The pathologies of the facial nerve was assessed by HE, LFB and immunofluorescence staining. The targeting relationship between miR-132-3p and CAMTA1 was verified using StarBase v2.0 database and dual-luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Rat Schwann cells showed high expressions of S100B and ß-tubulin Ⅲ. I-125 seeds radiation significantly decreased miR-132-3p expression and repressed proliferation and migration of the cells (P < 0.001). Overexpression of miR-132-3p or CAMTA1 knockdown obviously enhanced proliferation and migration of the Schwann cells, while miR-132-3p knockdown produced the opposite effect. MiR-132-3p negatively regulated CAMTA1 expression. In the rat models of FNI, miR-132-3p injection significantly inhibited CAMTA1 expression and attenuated I-125 seeds-induced exacerbation of FNI. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of miR-132-3p suppresses CAMTA1 expression and promotes Schwann cell proliferation and migration to alleviate I-125 seeds-induced exacerbation of FNI in rats.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Nervo Facial , MicroRNAs , Ratos , Animais , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Radioisótopos do Iodo , Tubulina (Proteína) , Fatores de Transcrição , Proliferação de Células , Movimento Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 62(4): 273-277, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432667

RESUMO

Gallbladder cancer, notoriously known for its high malignancy, predominantly requires radical surgery as the treatment of choice. Although laparoscopic techniques have become increasingly prevalent in abdominal surgeries in recent years, the progress of laparoscopic techniques in gallbladder cancer is relatively slow. Due to the anatomical complexity, technical difficulty, and biological features of gallbladder cancer that is prone to metastasis and dissemination, traditional open surgery is still the main surgical approach. This study aims to reappraisal the current state of laparoscopic surgery for gallbladder cancer by appraising clinical practice and research evidence. Laparoscopic surgery for various stages of gallbladder cancer, including early, advanced, incidental, and unresectable gallbladder cancer were discussed. The promise and limitations of laparoscopic techniques are systematically explored.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Achados Incidentais , Colecistectomia/métodos
13.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 62(4): 346-352, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432677

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ICC) refers to cholangiocarcinomas originating from the secondary bile ducts within the liver and their branches.As a prevalent malignancy of the liver,the diagnosis and treatment of ICC pose significant challenges due to the high heterogeneity of the tumor and its propensity to develop drug resistance.Traditional drug screening and tumor mechanism studies have been confined to two-dimensional cell line cultures and patient-derived xenograft(PDX) models.However,cell lines cannot fully recapitulate the tumor heterogeneity,and PDX models have limitations such as high costs and time consumption,making them less practical for widespread clinical application.To address the limitations of these models,organoid models have been developed based on two-dimensional cell cultures.Organoid models combine the advantages of both aforementioned culture methods and offer unique strengths in cancer research.They provide a new perspective for studying the development and treatment of tumors. In this review, the focus is primarily on the latest advances in the field of organoids of ICC,with a particular emphasis on existing culture protocols and their potential applications in precision medicine and the establishment of biobanks.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Animais , Humanos , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Organoides/metabolismo , Organoides/patologia
14.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 63(3): 279-283, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448191

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of unilateral vertebral artery V4 segment occlusive lesions (severe stenosis or occlusion), where the contralateral vertebral artery can be compensated through blood flow and reverse supply to the posterior inferior cerebellarartery (PICA). Methods: This study is a retrospective case series of 66 patients with V4 segment occlusive lesions of unilateral vertebral artery diagnosed and treated from June 2020 to October 2022. Patient data were retrospectively collected, and their hemodynamic characteristics and imaging data were analyzed. Results: Of the 66 cases, 11 patients (16.7%) with V4 segment occlusive disease showed the blood flow of the vertebral artery on the opposite side of the lesion on the digital subtraction angiography (DSA), which can be reverse stolen to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery of the diseased side through the confluence point of the vertebrobasilar artery through the distal end of the ipsilateral vertebral artery V4. Owing to the lack of literature on this pathway and based on the characteristics of previous definitions of subclavian artery steal and carotid artery steal, we referred to this pathway as the vertebral artery V4 segment steal. In 6 patients (9.1%), transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) and transcranial color Doppler ultrasound (TCCD) showed that the blood flow signal was not detected at the proximal end of the V4 segment of the affected side, rather the blood flow direction was reversed at the distal end of the V4 segment, resulting in compensatory acceleration of the blood flow velocity of the V4 segment of the contralateral vertebral artery. Conclusion: "V4 segment steal of vertebral artery" is a very rare route of vertebral artery steal. When V4 segment of the vertebral artery is occluded, clinicians should pay attention to observe the blood supply of PICA and whether there is such a steal route, to better evaluate the blood flow compensation and prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Artéria Vertebral , Humanos , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Constrição Patológica
15.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 52(3): 286-292, 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514331

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between serum growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) level and coronary artery lesions in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and the predictive efficacy of nomogram risk prediction model based on GDF11 combined with traditional risk factors on the occurrence of STEMI. Methods: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology of the 904th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of People's Liberation Army of China from 2016 to 2018 were selected and divided into control group and STEMI group. The demographic data, blood lipid level, laboratory indicators of blood and GDF11 level were collected. Logistic regression analysis screened out independent correlated factors for the occurrence of STEMI. Spearman correlation analysis clarified the correlation of each indicator with the SYNTAX or Gensini scores. A nomogram risk prediction model for the risk of STEMI occurrence and the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to compare the prediction efficiency of each model. Results: A total of 367 patients were enrolled, divided into control group (n=172) and STEMI group (n=195), age (66.5±11.8), male 222 (60.49%). The serum GDF11 level of STEMI group was significantly lower than that of the control group (36.20 (16.60, 70.75) µg/L vs. 85.00 (53.93, 117.10) µg/L, P<0.001). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed serum GDF11(OR=0.98, 95%CI: 0.97-0.99) and traditional independent risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, C-reactive protein, homocysteine, lipoprotein (a) and apolipoprotein A1/B were independent correlate factors for the occurrence of STEMI (P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that serum GDF11 was negatively correlated with SYNTAX score and Gensini score (P<0.05). The nomogram model constructed by serum GDF11 combined with traditional independent risk factors (AUC=0.85, 95%CI: 0.81-0.89) had better predictive value for the occurrence of STEMI than the traditional nomogram model constructed by independent risk factors(AUC=0.80, 95%CI:0.75-0.84) or serum GDF11 (AUC=0.76, 95%CI: 0.72-0.81), all P<0.01. Conclusions: Serum GDF11 is an independent correlate factor in the occurrence of STEMI and is negatively correlated with the severity of coronary artery lesions in patients with STEMI. The nomogram model constructed based on GDF11 combined with traditional risk factors can be a good predictor for the occurrence of STEMI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/sangue , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/química , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Diferenciação de Crescimento/sangue , Fatores de Diferenciação de Crescimento/química , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/metabolismo
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548392

RESUMO

Cell therapy includes living cell-based therapy and cell-derivative therapy that is based on extracellular vesicles and bioactive molecules. As a research hotspot in recent years, cell therapy is a potential strategy to solve the clinical problem of refractory wound repair. The rapid development of material science and cell biology has opened a new prelude to cell therapy, and at the same time, puts forward a new proposition on how to further optimize and apply cell therapy to wound repair. This article reviewed the cell types used for wound treatment, summarized the application and exploration of cell therapy-based new technologies, sorted out the difficulties in the clinical application of existing cell therapies, and looked into the future development trend of cell therapy for wound repair, in order to promote the development of innovative cell therapy system and further improve the clinical wound treatment effect.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Cicatrização , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548395

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the early clinical characteristics of elderly patients with severe burns and the risk factors on prognosis. Methods: This study was a retrospective case series study. Clinical data of 124 elderly patients with severe burns who met the inclusion criteria and were admitted to the 12 hospitals from January 2015 to December 2020 were collected, including 4 patients from the Fourth People's Hospital of Dalian, 5 patients from Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 22 patients from Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital of Jinan University, 5 patients from Heilongjiang Provincial Hospital, 27 patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, 9 patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 10 patients from Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, 9 patients from Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, 12 patients from the 924th Hospital of PLA, 6 patients from Zhangjiagang First People's Hospital, 4 patients from Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province, and 11 patients from Zhengzhou First People's Hospital. The patients' overall clinical characteristics, such as gender, age, body mass index, total burn area, full-thickness burn area, inhalation injury, causative factors, whether combined with underlying medical diseases, and admission time after injury were recorded. According to the survival outcome within 28 days after injury, the patients were divided into survival group (89 cases) and death group (35 cases). The following data of patients were compared between the two groups, including the basic data and injuries (the same as the overall clinical characteristics ahead); the coagulation indexes within the first 24 hours of injury such as prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time, D-dimer, fibrinogen degradation product (FDP), international normalized ratio (INR), and fibrinogen; the blood routine indexes within the first 24 hours of injury such as white blood cell count, platelet count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit; the organ function indexes within the first 24 hours of injury such as direct bilirubin, total bilirubin, urea, serum creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total protein, albumin, globulin, blood glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, alkaline phosphatase, creatine kinase, electrolyte indexes (potassium, sodium, chlorine, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus in blood), uric acid, myoglobin, and brain natriuretic peptide; the infection and blood gas indexes within the first 24 hours of injury such as procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, pH value, oxygenation index, base excess, and lactate; treatment such as whether conducted with mechanical ventilation, whether conducted with continuous renal replacement therapy, whether conducted with anticoagulation therapy, whether applied with vasoactive drugs, and fluid resuscitation. The analysis was conducted to screen the independent risk factors for the mortality within 28 days after injury in elderly patients with severe burns. Results: Among 124 patients, there were 82 males and 42 females, aged 60-97 years, with body mass index of 23.44 (21.09, 25.95) kg/m2, total burn area of 54.00% (42.00%, 75.00%) total body surface area (TBSA), and full-thickness burn area of 25.00% (10.00%, 40.00%) TBSA. The patients were mainly combined with moderate to severe inhalation injury and caused by flame burns. There were 43 cases with underlying medical diseases. The majority of patients were admitted to the hospital within 8 hours after injury. There were statistically significant differences between patients in the 2 groups in terms of age, total burn area, full-thickness burn area, and inhalation injury, and PT, APTT, D-dimer, FDP, INR, white blood cell count, platelet count, urea, serum creatinine, blood glucose, blood sodium, uric acid, myoglobin, and urine volume within the first 24 hours of injury (with Z values of 2.37, 5.49, 5.26, 5.97, 2.18, 1.95, 2.68, 2.68, 2.51, 2.82, 2.14, 3.40, 5.31, 3.41, 2.35, 3.81, 2.16, and -3.82, respectively, P<0.05); there were statistically significant differences between two groups of patients in whether conducted with mechanical ventilation and whether applied with vasoactive drugs (with χ2 values of 9.44 and 28.50, respectively, P<0.05). Age, total burn area, full-thickness burn area, serum creatinine within the first 24 hours of injury, and APTT within the first 24 hours of injury were the independent risk factors for the mortality within 28 days after injury in elderly patients with severe burns (with odds ratios of 1.17, 1.10, 1.10, 1.09, and 1.27, 95% confidence intervals of 1.03-1.40, 1.04-1.21, 1.05-1.19, 1.05-1.17, and 1.07-1.69, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: The elderly patients with severe burns had the injuries mainly from flame burns, often accompanied by moderate to severe inhalation injury and enhanced inflammatory response, elevated blood glucose levels, activated fibrinolysis, and impaired organ function in the early stage, which are associated with their prognosis. Age, total burn area, full-thickness burn area, and serum creatinine and APTT within the first 24 hours of injury are the independent risk factors for death within 28 days after injury in this population.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Queimaduras , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Creatinina , Mioglobina , Ácido Úrico , Prognóstico , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Ácido Láctico , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio , Fatores de Risco , Bilirrubina , Sódio , Ureia
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 45(3): 347-352, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514310

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze pathogenic characteristics of viral diarrhea in children aged <5 years in Hebei Province and provide reference for the prevention and control of viral diarrhea in children. Methods: Stool samples were collected from in-patients with diarrhea under five years old from sentinel hospitals in Lulong County of Hebei between 2010 and 2020. ELISA detected rotavirus antigen, and then positive samples were genotyped by semi nested reverse transcription PCR of two rounds. Calicivirus, genotyping astrovirus, and adenovirus were detected by real-time fluorescence quantification PCR. The data were analyzed by using software SPSS 20.0. Results: In 2 925 detected stool samples, 1 919 (65.61%) were positive. The positive rates of rotavirus, calicivirus, adenovirus, and astrovirus were 42.80% (1 252/2 925), 22.12% (647/2 925), 6.19% (181/2 925), 3.56% (104/2 925). Viral diarrhea was mainly caused by rotavirus infection, accounting for 59.30% (1 017/1 715) between 2010 and 2017, and by calicivirus infection accounting for 53.43% (109/204) between 2018 and 2020. The peak positive rate of rotavirus occurred in winter, with the highest rate in infants aged 12 to 17 months (52.96%,483/912). In the rotavirus positive samples, G9P[8] was mainly detected strains (58.31%,730/1 252), followed by G3P[8] (8.15%,102/1 252). The calicivirus-positive samples were mainly infected with norovirus GⅡ. Sequence analysis indicated that the main type was GⅡ.4 [P31] between 2011 and 2016 and GⅡ.3 [P12] in 2018. Conclusions: Rotavirus and calicivirus were the main pathogens causing infant diarrhea in children under five years old in Hebei from 2010 to 2020. Winter was the main epidemic season.


Assuntos
Infecções por Enterovirus , Infecções por Rotavirus , Rotavirus , Criança , Lactente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Rotavirus/genética , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rotavirus/epidemiologia , Adenoviridae , Fezes
19.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 52(3): 276-280, 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514329

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and safety of distal radial artery approach in emergency percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) of elderly ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI) patients. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. Elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction who received emergency PCI at the Third Central Hospital of Tianjin from January 2020 to December 2022 were selected. They were divided into the distal radial artery group and the classic radial artery group based on the puncture location. The success rate, puncture time, surgical success rate, and surgical time of the two groups were observed; The incidence of complications in patients, including radial artery occlusion rate, radial artery spasm rate, local hematoma rate, aneurysm incidence rate were recorded. Results: There were 70 cases in the distal radial artery group, including 33 males (47.1%), aged (65.6±6.7) years old; There were 70 cases in the classic radial artery group, including 35 males (50.0%), aged (66.4±6.9) years old. There was no statistically significant difference in puncture success rate, puncture time, surgical success rate, and surgical time between the distal radial artery group and the classical radial artery group (P>0.05). The incidence of radial artery occlusion in the distal radial artery group was significantly lower than that in the classical radial artery group (1.4% vs. 8.6%, P=0.024). The postoperative compression time in the distal radial artery group was significantly shorter than that in the classical radial artery group ((291.6±10.5) min vs. (343.5±9.8) min, P=0.047). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of radial artery spasm, local hematoma, and aneurysm between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The distal radial artery approach has a lower radial artery occlusion rate, shorter compression time, and better safety. It can be used as a new approach for emergency PCI in elderly patients with STEMI for clinical application.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Masculino , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Estudos Transversais , Resultado do Tratamento , Hematoma , Espasmo
20.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(2): 397-404, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a clinical-radiomics model for differentiating focal organizing pneumonia (FOP) and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 60 patients with FOP confirmed by postoperative pathology at the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital from January, 2019 to December, 2022, who were matched with 120 LUAD patients using propensity score matching in a 1∶2 ratio. The independent risk factors for FOP were identified by logistic regression analysis of the patients' clinical data. The cohort was divided into a training set (144 patients) and a test set (36 patients) by random sampling. Python 3.7 was used for extracting 1835 features from CT image data of the patients. The radiographic features and clinical data were used to construct the model, whose performance was validated using ROC curves in both the training and test sets. The diagnostic efficacy of the model for FOP and LUAD was evaluated and a diagnostic nomogram was constructed. RESULTS: Statistical analysis revealed that an history of was an independent risk factor for FOP (P=0.016), which was correlated with none of the hematological findings (P > 0.05). Feature extraction and dimensionality reduction in radiomics yielded 30 significant labels for distinguishing the two diseases. The top 3 most discriminative radiomics labels were GraylevelNonUniformity, SizeZoneNonUniformity and shape-Sphericity. The clinical-radiomics model achieved an AUC of 0.909 (95% CI: 0.855-0.963) in the training set and 0.901 (95% CI: 0.803-0.999) in the test set. The model showed a sensitivity of 85.4%, a specificity of 83.5%, and an accuracy of 84.0% in the training set, as compared with 94.7%, 70.6%, and 83.3% in the test set, respectively. CONCLUSION: The clinical-radiomics nomogram model shows a good performance for differential diagnosis of FOP and LUAD and may help to minimize misdiagnosis-related overtreatment and improve the patients' outcomes.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonia em Organização , Pneumonia , Humanos , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia
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