Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.016
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 403: 134421, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358073

RESUMO

The cluster-zone of the fan training system with multiple trunks (F-MT) distribute >1.5 m vertically and 1.0 m horizontally, which leads to microclimate heterogeneity around clusters. In the current study, clusters were divided into eight spatial positions according to the cluster growing height and light conditions, and the aroma profiles of grapes and wines were evaluated by HS-SPME-GC-MS. Results showed that the microclimate varied in different spatial positions. Light exposure promotes the accumulation of terpenes and C13-norisoprenoids, while inhibiting C6/C9 compounds in grape berries. Zone 2 wine presented the highest global aroma concentration. Floral and fruity were the main aromas in F-MT wines, but the herbaceous was more prominent in lower-position wines. C6/C9 compounds in grapes negatively correlated with terpenes and C13-norisoprenoids in wines. In conclusion, the aroma profiles of grapes and wines varied from different cluster positions, and graded harvesting will be helpful to produce quality wines.


Assuntos
Vitis , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Vinho , Vinho/análise , Norisoprenoides , Microclima , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Odorantes/análise , Frutas/química , Terpenos
2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 286: 122035, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332396

RESUMO

Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae (PCR) in longer storage years possess higher medicinal values, but their differentiation is difficult due to similar morphological characteristics. Therefore, this study investigated the feasibility of using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) combined with a convolutional neural network (CNN) to identify PCR samples stored from 1 to 20 years. The absorption coefficient and refractive index spectra in the range of 0.2-1.5 THz were acquired. Partial least squares discriminant analysis, random forest, least squares support vector machines, and CNN were used to establish discriminant models, showing better performance of the CNN model than the others. In addition, the output data points of the CNN intermediate layer were visualized, illustrating gradual changes in these points from overlapping to clear separation. Overall, THz-TDS combined with CNN models could realize rapid identification of different year PCRs, thus providing an efficient alternative method for PCR quality inspection.


Assuntos
Citrus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espectroscopia Terahertz , Citrus/química , Redes Neurais de Computação , Análise Espectral
3.
Microbiol Res ; 266: 127219, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279646

RESUMO

The necrotrophic phytopathogen Rhizoctonia solani (R. solani) causes disease in many plant species. This fungal genome encodes abundant small cysteine-rich (SCR)-secreted proteins in R. solani that may induce pathogenesis. To test their molecular functions, we introduced 10 SCR-secreted protein genes from R. solani into tobacco leaves via agroinfiltration. Consequently, we identified RsMf8HN, a novel SCR protein that triggers cell death and an oxidative burst in tobacco. RsMf8HN comprises 182 amino acids (aa), including a signal peptide (SP) of 17aa, and the protein has unique features: it is orthologous to an allergen protein Mal f 8 occurring in Malassezia species, and possesses a high glycine and serine content. RsMf8HN is coded in a genomic location along with its paralogues and a few other effector candidates. The elicitation of plant immunity by RsMf8HN was dependent on HSP90 and SGT1. RsMf8HN was translocated to multiple locations within the host cells: i.e., nuclei, chloroplasts, and plasma membranes. We confirmed the occurrence of in vivo cross-interactions of RsMf8HN with a rice molecule, the heavy metal-associated isoprenylated plant protein OsHIPP28, which is a protein related to the disease susceptibility factor Pi21. In summary, our results suggest that RsMf8HN is a potential effector that enables necrotrophic phytopathogens to interfere with host plant immunity.


Assuntos
Oryza , Oryza/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Rhizoctonia/genética , Plantas , Imunidade Vegetal/genética
4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt A): 109378, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327873

RESUMO

D-mannose is a C-2 epimer of glucose, widely distributed in nature. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by repetitious itching. The present study aimed to explore the protective effect and the underlying mechanism of D-mannose against the development of atopic dermatitis. We tested the effect of D-mannose by establishing DNCB (2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene)-induced AD mice models in vivo and culturing keratinocytes (HaCaT and NHEK) in vitro. The skin lesion severity was evaluated by histochemical staining. Cytokine expression levels were measured by real-time PCR and ELISA assay. The expression of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/ nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB)-signaling-related molecules were determined by western blotting. Here, we found that topical supplementation of D-mannose remarkably attenuated skin lesions and recovered skin barrier function in AD mice model induced by DNCB. Furthermore, in vivo and in vitro experiments indicated that D-mannose inhibited tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-mediated increased expression of inflammatory cytokines. D-mannose also markedly downregulated TNF-α-stimulated activation of mTOR/NF-κB signaling pathway that was crucial for regulating the inflammatory condition. However, these effects were abolished by treatment with inhibitors of mTOR or NF-κB in HaCaT and NHEK. As far as we know, this is the first study uncovering the effective role of D-mannose via skin topical application. We found that D-mannose plays a regulatory role on inflammatory keratinocytes, suggesting its therapeutic utilization as a potential drug against atopic dermatitis.

5.
Chem Sci ; 13(41): 12034-12044, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349116

RESUMO

Ladder-type thiazole-fused S,N-heteroacenes with an extended π-conjugation consisting of six (SN6-Tz) and nine (SN9-Tz) fused aromatic rings have been synthesized and fully characterized. To date, the synthesis of well-defined fused building blocks and polymers of π-conjugated organic compounds based on the thiazole moiety is a considerable synthetic challenge, due to the difficulty in their synthesis. Acceptor-donor building blocks M1 and M2 were successfully polymerized into ladder homopolymers P1-P2 and further copolymerized with a diketopyrrolopyrrole unit to afford step-ladder copolymer P3. The optical, electronic, and thermal properties, in addition to their charge transport behavior in organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs), were investigated. The results showed an interesting effect on the molecular arrangement of the thiazole-based ladder-type heteroacene in the crystal structure revealing skewed π-π-stacking, and expected to possess better p-type semiconducting performance. The polymers all possess good molecular weights and excellent thermal properties. All the polymer-based OTFT devices exhibit annealing temperature dependent performance, and among the polymers P3 exhibits the highest mobility of 0.05 cm2 V-1 s-1.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 989202, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36407309

RESUMO

Objectives: To assess the benefit of a bariatric surgery in four artificial intelligence-identified metabolic (AIM) subtypes of obesity with respect to the improvement of glucometabolism and the remission of diabetes and hyperinsulinemia. Methods: This multicenter retrospective study prospectively collected data from five hospitals in China from 2010 to 2021. At baseline 1008 patients who underwent a bariatric surgery were enrolled (median age 31 years; median BMI 38.1kg/m2; 57.40% women) and grouped into the four AIM subtypes. Baseline and follow-up data (506 and 359 patients at 3- and 12-month post-surgery) were collected for longitudinal effect analysis. Results: Out of the four AIM subgroups, hypometabolic obesity (LMO) group was characterized by decompensated insulin secretion and high incidence of diabetes (99.2%) pre-surgery. After surgery, 62.1% of LMO patients with diabetes achieved remission, lower than the other three subgroups. Still, the bariatric surgery significantly reduced their blood glucose (median HbA1c decreased by 27.2%). The hypermetabolic obesity-hyperinsulinemia (HMO-I) group was characterized by severe insulin resistance and high incidence of hyperinsulinemia (87.8%) pre-surgery, which had been greatly alleviated post-surgery. For both metabolic healthy obesity (MHO) and hypermetabolic obesity-hyperuricemia (HMO-U) groups who showed a relatively healthy glucometabolism pre-surgery, rate of glucometabolic comorbidities improved moderately post-surgery. Conclusion: In terms of glucometabolism, the four AIM subtypes of patients benefited differently from a bariatric surgery, which significantly relieved hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia for the LMO and HMO-I patients, respectively. The AIM-based subtypes may help better inform clinical decisions on bariatric surgery and patient counseling pertaining to post-surgery outcomes.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Hiperinsulinismo , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inteligência Artificial , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Obesidade/cirurgia , Hiperinsulinismo/etiologia
7.
Multimed Tools Appl ; : 1-22, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404935

RESUMO

The patient's medical health record (PMHR) has always provided a large amount of research data to medical institutions and pharmaceutical companies, etc., and has contributed to the development in medical research. However, such PMHR data contains the patient's personal privacy and should be shared under the control of the patients, not the hospital where this data is acquired. In order to protect the privacy of PMHR data while realizing efficient data sharing, this paper proposes a blockchain-based sharing and protection scheme. In this solution, the PMHR data are encrypted and stored in a cloud server, which is equipped with an access control scheme implemented as a smart contract on a blockchain. Different from previous works, in order to ensure efficient access and reduce the workload of patients, the types of users who can apply for access are limited to hospitals and pharmaceutical companies. In order to resist the potential Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack, we have introduced an improved proxy re-encryption scheme to ensure the secrecy of PMHR data while reducing the computational complexity. The whole system is implemented using Solidity and tested on 10 nodes for function verification. Experimental result shows that the proposed system is more efficient than previous systems. Security under the MITM attack is also ensured by security analysis.

8.
Yi Chuan ; 44(11): 993-1008, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384993

RESUMO

Prime editing is a newly developed CRISPR/Cas system-based genome editing technique. The effector of prime editor (PE) is termed PE2, which is generated by fusing a reverse transcriptase (RT) with a Cas9 H840A nickase. The guide RNA of PE is termed prime editing guide RNA (pegRNA), which consists of a single guide RNA (sgRNA) with a 3' extension containing the RT template (RTT) and primer binding site (PBS). PE can install all 12 types of point mutations, small insertions and deletions and combinations thereof. Since its emergence in 2019, with the high versatility and specificity, PE has been applied to many living organisms, including animals, plants and bacteria. This led to many explorations of PE on gene therapy and genetic improvement in agriculture. In this review, we systematically describe the development, characteristics, optimizations, applications and security of PE. In addition, we discuss the future applications of PE. We expect that this review will help researchers to grasp and better use PE.


Assuntos
Edição de Genes , RNA Guia , Animais , RNA Guia/genética , Edição de Genes/métodos , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Plantas/genética , Mutação Puntual
9.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleurotus eryngii is a kind of edible fungi with good quality, and it is popular among consumers. At present, some adulterated edible fungi are available in the market. The rights and interests of consumers can be ensured by establishing a practical edible fungi detection system. Among the existing methods for detecting food adulteration, endogenous reference gene amplification is convenient and reliable. However, no ideal endogenous reference gene is available for P. eryngii. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, s9ap was screened as an endogenous reference gene through sequence alignment. Qualitative and quantitative PCR analysis of this gene was carried out in one P. eryngii variety and 18 other species. The detection limit of quantitative PCR was 400 pg, and no s9ap amplification products were detected in the 18 other species. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed that s9ap was an ideal endogenous reference gene for the detection of P. eryngii. This method was also suitable for processed food products.

10.
BMJ Open Ophthalmol ; 7(1)2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329022

RESUMO

AIM: To determine whether macular retinal nerve fibre layer (mRNFL) and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thicknesses vary by ethnicity after accounting for total retinal thickness. METHODS: We included healthy participants from the UK Biobank cohort who underwent macula-centred spectral domain-optical coherence tomography scans. mRNFL and GC-IPL thicknesses were determined for groups from different self-reported ethnic backgrounds. Multivariable regression models adjusting for covariables including age, gender, ethnicity and refractive error were built, with and without adjusting for total retinal thickness. RESULTS: 20237 participants were analysed. Prior to accounting for total retinal thickness, mRNFL thickness was on average 0.9 µm (-1.2, -0.6; p<0.001) lower among Asians and 1.5 µm (-2.3, -0.6; p<0.001) lower among black participants compared with white participants. Prior to accounting for total retinal thickness, the average GC-IPL thickness was 1.9 µm (-2.5, -1.4; p<0.001) lower among Asians compared with white participants, and 2.4 µm (-3.9, -1.0; p=0.001) lower among black participants compared with white participants. After accounting for total retinal thickness, the layer thicknesses were not significantly different among ethnic groups. When considered as a proportion of total retinal thickness, mRNFL thickness was ~0.1 and GC-IPL thickness was ~0.2 across age, gender and ethnic groups. CONCLUSIONS: The previously reported ethnic differences in layer thickness among groups are likely driven by differences in total retinal thickness. Our results suggest using layer thickness ratio (retinal layer thicknesses/total retinal thickness) rather than absolute thickness values when comparing retinal layer thicknesses across groups.


Assuntos
Macula Lutea , Fibras Nervosas , Humanos , Fibras Nervosas/fisiologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/fisiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Food Chem ; 405(Pt A): 134829, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356362

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism about combined thermal/pressure processing on the allergenicity of shrimp (Macrobrachium nipponense). We analysed sensitizing and eliciting capacities, structural changes, gastrointestinal digestion, and mapped linear epitopes. Mice treated with steamed + reverse-pressure sterilized shrimp exhibited lower specific IgE and IgG1 concentrations, degranulation, vascular permeability, and allergic symptoms than those fed with raw shrimp or steamed shrimp (p < 0.05). Reduced allergenicity of shrimp using combined thermal/pressure processing was not only associated with protein unfolding and exposure of hydrophobic residues, but also related to disruption of immunodominant linear epitopes (Glu177-Ser188 in tropomyosin, Gln361-Ser366 in ß-actin) due to changes in gastrointestinal digestion behavior. Moreover, heat/digested stable epitopes of arginine kinase were located inside its 3D structure, preventing binding with IgE and maintaining hypoallergenicity following combined processing. Thus, steaming and reverse-pressure sterilization might be an efficient low-allergenic food processing method for Macrobrachium nipponense.

12.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 251, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36380355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be more susceptible to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and even more likely to suffer from severe COVID-19. Whether there is a common molecular pathological basis for COVID-19 and NAFLD remains to be identified. The present study aimed to elucidate the transcriptional alterations shared by COVID-19 and NAFLD and to identify potential compounds targeting both diseases. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for COVID-19 and NAFLD were extracted from the GSE147507 and GSE89632 datasets, and common DEGs were identified using the Venn diagram. Subsequently, we constructed a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network based on the common DEGs and extracted hub genes. Then, we performed gene ontology (GO) and pathway analysis of common DEGs. In addition, transcription factors (TFs) and miRNAs regulatory networks were constructed, and drug candidates were identified. RESULTS: We identified a total of 62 common DEGs for COVID-19 and NAFLD. The 10 hub genes extracted based on the PPI network were IL6, IL1B, PTGS2, JUN, FOS, ATF3, SOCS3, CSF3, NFKB2, and HBEGF. In addition, we also constructed TFs-DEGs, miRNAs-DEGs, and protein-drug interaction networks, demonstrating the complex regulatory relationships of common DEGs. CONCLUSION: We successfully extracted 10 hub genes that could be used as novel therapeutic targets for COVID-19 and NAFLD. In addition, based on common DEGs, we propose some potential drugs that may benefit patients with COVID-19 and NAFLD.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , MicroRNAs , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Biologia de Sistemas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Biologia Computacional , COVID-19/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
13.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 6495-6499, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386411

RESUMO

Trichosporon asahii is an uncommon cause of fungal sepsis among neonates, but it is an important life-threatening opportunistic systemic pathogen. We report a case of T. asahii sepsis in a 980-g female baby born at 27 weeks of gestation. The extremely preterm initially presented with recurrent feeding intolerance and bloating; she subsequently developed oxygen saturation fluctuations, apnea, and a decreased heart rate. Blood culture was positive, and the causative agent was identified as T. asahii by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). According to reported minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values, the infant received a high dose of fluconazole (FLC, 12 mg/kg, qod) and was successfully treated.

15.
Chem Biol Interact ; 368: 110245, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341777

RESUMO

Cinnamaldehyde (CD) is one of the most important active compounds derived from Cinnamomum cassia and showed multiple biological activities. Accumulating evidence has shown that the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome significantly contributes to sterile inflammatory response and gasdermin D (GSDMD)-mediated pyroptosis in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI). Whether CD has any influence on NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis during myocardial I/R injury remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the cardioprotective effect of CD via establishing the MI/RI rats' model by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min ischemia followed by 120 min reperfusion. Sprague-Dawley rats were intragastrically administered with CD (45 and 90 mg/kg/d) or vehicle for 7 successive days before ligation of the coronary artery to evoke MI/RI. The results found that CD significantly improved cardiac diastolic function, decreased cardiac infarct size and myocardial injury enzymes, inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis, attenuated cardiac structure abnormality, and mitigated oxidative stress and inflammatory response. We also found that MI/RI activated the NLRP3 inflammasome as evidenced by the upregulation levels of NLRP3, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1, and ASC proteins and mRNA. Importantly, MI/RI could trigger cardiomyocyte pyroptosis by increased DNA fragmentation, membrane pore formation, and mitochondrial swelling as well as increased levels of pyroptosis-related proteins and mRNA, including GSDMD, IL-18, and IL-1ß. As expected, all these deleterious alterations were reversed by CD pretreatment. Our findings demonstrated that CD showed an outstanding cardioprotective effect via inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation and GSDMD-mediated cardiomyocyte pyroptosis, which has a promising application value and development prospect against myocardial I/R injury in the future.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Ratos , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
16.
Environ Pollut ; 316(Pt 2): 120597, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343856

RESUMO

Sand and dust have significant impacts on air quality, climate, and human health. To investigate the influences of dust storms on chemical characterization and source contributions of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in areas with different distances from dust source regions, PM2.5 and associated chemical composition were measured in two industrial cities with one near sand sources (i.e., Wuhai) and the other far from sand sources (i.e., Jinan) in northern China in March 2021. Results showed that PM mass concentrations significantly increased and exceeded the Chinese National Ambient Air Quality standard during the dust events, with absolute concentrations and fractional contributions of PM2.5-bound crustal and trace elements increased while secondary inorganic ions decreased at both sites. Crustal materials dominated the increased PM2.5 mass from non-dust period to dust period in both cities. These were further evidenced by PM2.5 source apportionment results from positive matrix factorization model. During the dust events, dust sources contributed up to 88% of PM2.5 mass in Wuhai and ∼38% of PM2.5 mass in Jinan, a city about thousands of kilometers away from the sand source. Besides, the measurement data indicated that dust from northwest China may also bring along with high abundance of organic matter and vanadium. Secondary and traffic sources were two of the most important source contributors to PM2.5 in both cities during the non-dust periods. However, the near sand source city was more susceptible to the aggravating effects of dust and minerals, with much higher contributions by crustal materials (∼47%, from the aspect of chemical components) and dust-related sources (∼26%, from the aspect of sources) to PM2.5 mass even during non-dust periods. This study highlighted the urgent need for more action and effective control of sand sources to reduce the impact on air quality in downstream regions.

17.
Folia Neuropathol ; 60(3): 329-337, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382486

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a well-known neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons, and oxidative stress and neuroinflammation are also associated with the pathogenesis of PD. Mitochonic acid 5 (MA-5), an analogue of indole-3-acetic acid, exerts key protective roles in inhibiting apoptosis, oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in multiple diseases. However, whether MA-5 can be beneficial for PD remains unclear. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective role of MA-5 in PD. In the current study, MPTP-challenged mice were treated as the in vivo model, and the effect of MA-5 on the motor function, neuronal survival, oxidative stress, neuroinflammation and the underlying mechanisms involved with AMPK and autophagy were determined. We revealed that MA-5 obviously up-regulated the phosphorylation of AMPK and promoted the autophagy (indicated by the increased LC3II/LC3I, parkin, pink and decreased p62) in substantia nigra (SN), ameliorated the motor deficits, up-regulated the expression of TH, suppressed the inflammation (indicated by the decreased protein levels of interleukin (IL)-1b, IL-6, tumour necrosis factor a) in SN in MPTP-induced mice. However, these patterns were reversed after the treatment of Compound C, an inhibitor of AMPK; also, after the application of CSA, an inhibitor of autophagy, MA-5 cannot play against the neurotoxicity of MPTP in mice. These combined results suggest that MA-5 can protect against MPTP-induced neurotoxicity to ameliorate the impaired motor function, which may be modulated via activation of AMPK-induced autophagy.


Assuntos
Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Doença de Parkinson , Camundongos , Animais , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , 1-Metil-4-Fenil-1,2,3,6-Tetra-Hidropiridina/metabolismo , 1-Metil-4-Fenil-1,2,3,6-Tetra-Hidropiridina/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos , Autofagia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(22)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36430795

RESUMO

SIMILAR TO RCD-ONE (SRO) family members and transcription factors (TFs) often improve plant antioxidant capacity through interaction and co-regulation and participate in plant resistance to drought and high-salt stress. However, whether SROs are involved in the response to heavy metal stress, especially SRO genes with a specific response and tolerance characteristics to cadmium (Cd) stress, remains unclear. We first identified six SRO genes in the potato genome by PARP and RST domains. Special and conserved StSROs were found, and the spatio temporal tissue-specific expression patterns and co-expression network diagrams of StSROs under the stress of 5 heavy metals were constructed. Second, we identified StSRO6 as a major effector gene (StSRO6-MEG) and StSRO5 as a secondary effector gene (StSRO5-SEG) through a comprehensive analysis. Interestingly, they may hold true for various physiological or stress responses in plants. In addition, using systematic genomics and comparative omics techniques, the key gene StSRO6 that affects the difference in Cd accumulation was discovered, cloned in the low-Cd accumulation "Yunshu 505", and transformed into the yeast mutant ycf1 for overexpression. The results proved that StSRO6 could confer Cd tolerance. Finally, through transient expression and in vitro culture tests, we hypothesized that StSROs 5/6 are regulated by the transcription factor StWRKY6 and mediates the reactive oxygen species (ROS) system to confer Cd tolerance. These findings offer a new perspective for understanding the mechanisms underlying Cd tolerance in plants, and simultaneously provide clues for the development of biological agents for preventing and controlling Cd migration and transformation.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Solanum tuberosum , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/metabolismo , Solanum tuberosum/genética , Solanum tuberosum/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Plantas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
19.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(22)2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36428402

RESUMO

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of methionine analogues 2-hydroxy-4-methylthio butanoic acid isopropyl ester (HBMi) on growth performance, nutrient apparent digestibility, serum metabolite, serum free amino acids, and rumen fermentation parameters of yaks. Twenty-four male Maiwa yaks (252.79 ± 15.95 kg) were randomly allocated to four dietary treatments: basic diet (CON), or three HBMi (MetaSmart (MS); Adisseo Inc., Antony, France) supplementation treatments: MS1 (5 g), MS2 (10 g), and MS3 (15 g). The results showed that the increase in the supplemented MS levels linearly increased the average daily gain (p < 0.05), while the serum alkaline phosphatase activity and malondialdehyde content were increased when yaks were fed with 15 g/d MS (p < 0.05). The diet supplemented with MS linearly increased the percentages of glutamic acid and proline, and linearly or quadratically decreased the percentages of isoleucine, phenylalanine, and valine (p < 0.05). Furthermore, supplementation of 10 g/d and 15 g/d MS increased ruminal microbial crude protein (p < 0.05). The ratio of acetate to propionate in the MS2 group was lower than those in CON and MS1 groups (p < 0.05). In summary, a diet supplemented with 10 g/d MS could be an effective way to improve the growth performance of fattening yaks without negative effects.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(22)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36431395

RESUMO

The uneven distribution and large size of the second phase weakens the effect of dispersion strengthening in ODS-W alloys. In this article, the W-Al2O3 composite powders were fabricated using a wet chemical method, resulting in a finer powder and uniformly dispersed Al2O3 particles in the tungsten-based alloy. The particle size of the pure tungsten powder is 1.05 µm and the particle size of W-0.2 wt.%Al2O3 is 727 nm. Subsequently, the W-Al2O3 alloy plates were successfully obtained by induction sintering and rolling processes. Al2O3 effectively refined grain size from powder-making to sintering. The micro-hardness of the tungsten alloy plates reached 512 HV0.2, which is 43.7% higher than that of pure tungsten plates. The nano-hardness reached 14.2 GPa, which is 24.1% higher than that of the pure tungsten plate; the compressive strength reached 2224 MPa, which is 37.2% higher than that of the pure tungsten.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...