Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 376
Filtrar
1.
ACS Nano ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630984

RESUMO

Perioperative neurocognitive disorder (PND) is a common complication in surgical patients. While many interventions to prevent PND have been studied, the availability of treatment methods is limited. Thus, it is crucial to delve into the mechanisms of PND, pinpoint therapeutic targets, and develop effective treatment approaches. In this study, reduced dorsal tenia tecta (DTT) neuronal activity was found to be associated with tibial fracture surgery-induced PND, indicating that a neuronal excitation-inhibition (E-I) imbalance could contribute to PND. Optogenetics in the DTT brain region was conducted using upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) with the ability to convert 808 nm near-infrared light to visible wavelengths, which triggered the activation of excitatory neurons with minimal damage in the DTT brain region, thus improving cognitive impairment symptoms in the PND model. Moreover, this noninvasive intervention to modulate E-I imbalance showed a positive influence on mouse behavior in the Morris water maze test, which demonstrates that UCNP-mediated optogenetics is a promising tool for the treatment of neurological imbalance disorders.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; : 172484, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631636

RESUMO

Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in freshwater systems has garnered increasing attention. A comprehensive analysis of the migration patterns, bioaccumulation, and consumer health risks of EDCs along the Xiangjiang River due to fish consumption from the river ecosystem was provided. Twenty natural and synthetic target EDCs were detected and analyzed from the water, sediments, and fish samples collected along the Xiangjiang River. There were significant correlations between the EDC concentrations in fish and the sediments. This revealed that EDCs in sediments play a dominant role in the uptake of EDCs by fish. The bioaccumulation factor and biota-sediment accumulation factor were calculated, with the highest values observed for nonylphenol. Pearson's correlation analysis showed that bisphenol A is the most reliable biological indicator of EDC contamination in fish. Furthermore, based on the threshold of toxicological concerns and the health risk with dietary intake, crucian carp and catfish from the Xiangjiang River pose a certain risk for children and pregnant women compared to grass carp. The Monte Carlo simulation results indicated a certain risk of cumulative ∑EDC exposure for local residents due to fish consumption.

3.
Nat Chem ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565977

RESUMO

Visible-light-driven photoredox catalysis is known to be a powerful tool for organic synthesis. Its occurrence critically depends on the twice exothermic single-electron transfer processes of photosensitizers, which are governed by the redox properties of the species involved. Hence, the inherently narrow range of redox potentials of photosensitizers inevitably constrains their further availability. Sensitization-initiated electron transfer has recently been found to effectively overcome this substantial challenge. However, feasible and practical strategies for designing such complicated catalytic systems are rather scarce. Herein we report an elaborate dual-catalyst platform, with dicyanopyrazine as a visible light photosensitizer and a pyrenyl-incorporated chiral phosphoric acid as a co-sensitizer, and we demonstrate the applicability of this sensitization-initiated electron transfer strategy in an asymmetric formal de Mayo-type reaction. The catalysis platform enables otherwise thermodynamically unfavourable electron transfer processes to close the redox cycle and allows for precise access to valuable enantioenriched 1,5-diketones with a wide substrate range.

4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 154, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581017

RESUMO

The combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors and immunogenic cell death (ICD) inducers has become a promising strategy for the treatment of various cancers. However, its efficacy remains unmet because of the dense stroma and defective vasculatures in the tumor microenvironment (TME) that restricts the intratumoral infiltration of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Herein, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs)-targeted nanoemulsions are tailored to combine the ICD induction and the TME reprogramming to sensitize checkpoint blockade immunotherapy. Melittin, as an ICD inducer and an antifibrotic agent, is efficiently encapsulated into the nanoemulsion accompanied by a nitric oxide donor to improve its bioavailability and tumor targeting. The nanoemulsions exhibited dual functionality by directly inducing direct cancer cell death and enhancing the tumoral immunogenicity, while also synergistically reprogramming the TME through reversing the activated CAFs, decreasing collagen deposition and restoring tumor vessels. Consequently, these nanemulsions successfully facilitated the CTLs infiltration and suppressing the recruitment of immunosuppressive cells. A combination of AE-MGNPs and anti-CTLA-4 antibody greatly elicited a striking level of antitumor T-cell response to suppress tumor growth in CAFs-rich colorectal tumor models. Our work emphasized the integration of the ICD induction with simultaneous modulation of the TME to enhance the sensitivity of patients to checkpoint blockade immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 615-621, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646748

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to reveal the stoichiometric characteristics of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica in the Hulunbuir desert. We investigated the contents and stoichiometry of organic carbon, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus contents of rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils across different stand ages (28, 37 and 46 a) of P. sylvestris var. mongolica plantations, with P. sylvestris var. mongolica natural forest as the control. We analyzed the correlation between soils properties and soil stoichiometry. The results showed that rhizosphere effect significantly affected soil N:P, and stand age significantly affected soil organic carbon content in P. sylvestris var. mongolica plantation. Soil organic carbon content in plantation was significantly lower than that in natural forest. Soil organic carbon and total nitrogen contents of plantations in both rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils firstly decreased and then increased with increasing stand age, while total phosphorus firstly increased and then decreased in rhizosphere soils, and firstly decreased and then increased in non-rhizosphere soils. There was significant positive correlations between C:N and C:P in rhizosphere soils but not in non-rhizosphere soils, suggesting that higher synergistic rhizosphere soil N and P limitation. The mean N:P values of rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils were 4.98 and 8.40, respectively, indicating that the growth of P. sylvestris var. mongolica was restricted by soil N and the rhizosphere soils were more N-restricted. The C:N:P stoichiometry of rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils were significantly influenced by soil properties, with available phosphorus being the most important driver. The growth of P. sylvestris var. mongolica was limited by N in the Hulunbuir desert, and root system played an obvious role in enriching and maintaining soil nutrients. It was recommended that soil nitrogen should be supplemented appropriately during the growth stage of P. sylvestris var. mongolica plantation, and phosphorus should be supplemented appropriately according to the synergistic nature of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542329

RESUMO

As a plant-specific endoreplication regulator, the SIAMESE-RELATED (SMR) family (a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor) plays an important role in plant growth and development and resistance to stress. Although the genes of the maize (Zea mays) SMR family have been studied extensively, the ZmSMR10 (Zm00001eb231280) gene has not been reported. In this study, the function of this gene was characterized by overexpression and silencing. Compared with the control, the transgenic plants exhibited the phenotypes of early maturation, dwarfing, and drought resistance. Expression of the protein in prokaryotes demonstrates that ZmSMR10 is a small protein, and the results of subcellular localization suggest that it travels functionally in the nucleus. Unlike ZmSMR4, yeast two-hybrid experiments demonstrated that ZmSMR10 does not interact strongly with with some cell cycle protein-dependent protein kinase (CDK) family members ZmCDKA;1/ZmCDKA;3/ZmCDKB1;1. Instead, it interacts strongly with ZmPCNA2 and ZmCSN5B. Based on these results, we concluded that ZmSMR10 is involved in the regulation of endoreplication through the interaction of ZmPCNA2 and ZmCSN5B. These findings provide a theoretical basis to understand the mechanism of the regulation of endoreplication and improve the yield of maize through the use of molecular techniques.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Endorreduplicação , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas Inibidoras de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Zea mays/genética , Zea mays/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Secas
7.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474476

RESUMO

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a complex mental disorder that involves alterations in signal transmission across multiple scales and structural abnormalities. The development of effective antidepressants (ADs) has been hindered by the dominance of monoamine hypothesis, resulting in slow progress. Traditional ADs have undesirable traits like delayed onset of action, limited efficacy, and severe side effects. Recently, two categories of fast-acting antidepressant compounds have surfaced, dissociative anesthetics S-ketamine and its metabolites, as well as psychedelics such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). This has led to structural research and drug development of the receptors that they target. This review provides breakthroughs and achievements in the structure of depression-related receptors and novel ADs based on these. Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) has enabled researchers to identify the structures of membrane receptors, including the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) and the 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT2A) receptor. These high-resolution structures can be used for the development of novel ADs using virtual drug screening (VDS). Moreover, the unique antidepressant effects of 5-HT1A receptors in various brain regions, and the pivotal roles of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) and tyrosine kinase receptor 2 (TrkB) in regulating synaptic plasticity, emphasize their potential as therapeutic targets. Using structural information, a series of highly selective ADs were designed based on the different role of receptors in MDD. These molecules have the favorable characteristics of rapid onset and low adverse drug reactions. This review offers researchers guidance and a methodological framework for the structure-based design of ADs.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Serotonina , Estrutura Molecular , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo
8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2340, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491013

RESUMO

Protein synthesis is frequently deregulated during tumorigenesis. However, the precise contexts of selective translational control and the regulators of such mechanisms in cancer is poorly understood. Here, we uncovered CNOT3, a subunit of the CCR4-NOT complex, as an essential modulator of translation in myeloid leukemia. Elevated CNOT3 expression correlates with unfavorable outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). CNOT3 depletion induces differentiation and apoptosis and delayed leukemogenesis. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling uncovers c-MYC as a critical downstream target which is translationally regulated by CNOT3. Global analysis of mRNA features demonstrates that CNOT3 selectively influences expression of target genes in a codon usage dependent manner. Furthermore, CNOT3 associates with the protein network largely consisting of ribosomal proteins and translation elongation factors in leukemia cells. Overall, our work elicits the direct requirement for translation efficiency in tumorigenesis and propose targeting the post-transcriptional circuitry via CNOT3 as a therapeutic vulnerability in AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteômica , Fatores de Transcrição , Humanos , Carcinogênese/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Receptores CCR4 , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
9.
Adv Biol (Weinh) ; : e2400052, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532244

RESUMO

This research conducted a two-sample univariate and multivariate Mendelian Randomization (MR) analysis to explore the causal link between different types of leisure sedentary behavior (LSB) and frailty. Independent instrumental variables significantly associated with sedentary behaviors (p < 5 × 10-8) are obtained from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 422,218 individuals, and Frailty Index (FI) are derived from the latest GWAS dataset of 175,226 individuals. MR analysis is conducted using inverse variance weighting, MR-Egger, weighted median, simple mode, and weighted mode, supplemented by MRAPSS. Univariate MR revealed that sedentary behaviors such as watching television increased the risk of frailty (OR, 1.271; 95% CI: 1.202-1.345; p = 6.952 × 10-17), as sedentary driving behaviors are done (OR, 1.436; 95% CI: 1.026-2.011; p = 0.035). Further validation through APSS, taking into account cryptic relatedness, stratification, and sample overlap, maintained the association between television viewing and increased frailty risk (OR, 1.394; 95% CI: 1.266-1.534; p = 1.143 × 10-11), while the association with driving dissipated. In multivariate inverse variance weighted (IVW) analysis, after adjusting for C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, television Sedentary behavior (SB) inversely affected frailty (OR, 0.782; 95% CI: 0.724-0.845; p = 4.820 × 10-10). This study indicates that televisio SB significantly increases the risk of frailty, suggesting potential biological heterogeneity behind specific sedentary activities. This process may interact with inflammation, influencing the development of frailty.

10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5178, 2024 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431738

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) safety and efficacy while exploring strategies for optimising outcomes in patients with hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia (HAAA). We retrospectively reviewed 35 HAAA patients who underwent HSCT at a large Chinese blood disease hospital between 2008 and 2022. HAAA patients receiving HSCT typically presented with severe (28.6%) and very severe (65.7%) AA. Male patients predominated (68.6%), with a median onset age of 23 years (range, 9-44). Haploidentical donor-HSCT and matched sibling donor-HSCT were in comparable proportions. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 74.0%, with cumulative incidences of grade II-IV acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at 37.1% and 22.4%, respectively. A diagnosis-to-HSCT interval ≥ 75 days, acute GVHD, and post-HSCT liver events (e.g., hepatic GVHD and a three-fold increase in aminotransferase or bilirubin) significantly worsened 5-year OS. In the multivariate models, recipients with sex-matched grafts had better OS, and those with younger male donors had a lower incidence of II-IV aGVHD. Higher HLA matching degree (HLA > = 7/10) was an independent prognostic factor associated with better OS and GFFS. A diagnosis-to-HSCT interval ≥ 75 days was predictive of post-transplant liver events in HAAA patients. In conclusion, HSCT was a safe and effective treatment for HAAA. Early transplantation, careful donor selection and improving post-transplant liver events were crucial to optimise outcomes.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Hepatite A , Hepatite , Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Anemia Aplástica/complicações , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Hepatite/complicações
11.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 114, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common respiratory disease and the third leading cause of death worldwide. Previous evidence has shown that acupuncture may be an effective complementary alternative therapy for stable COPD. However, large-sample, rigorously designed long-term follow-up studies still need to be completed. Notably, the relationship between the frequency of acupuncture and clinical efficacy in studies on acupuncture for stable COPD still needs further validation. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for stable COPD and further investigate the dose-effect relationship of acupuncture. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial that uses central randomization to randomly allocate 550 participants in a 1:1:1:1:1 ratio to once a week acupuncture group, twice a week acupuncture group, three times a week acupuncture group, sham acupuncture group and waiting-list control group. The sham acupuncture group will receive placebo acupuncture treatments three times per week, and the waiting-list control group will not receive any form of acupuncture intervention. The study consists of a 2-week baseline, 12-week of treatment, and 52-week of follow-up. Patients with COPD between 40 to 80 years old who have received stable Western medication within the previous 3 months and have had at least 1 moderate or severe acute exacerbation within the past 1 year will be included in the study. Basic treatment will remain the same for all participants. The primary outcome is the proportion of responders at week 12. Secondary outcomes include the proportion of responders at week 64, change in the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Scale, change in the Modified-Medical Research Council (mMRC) Scale, change in the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) Scale, change in the Lung Function Screening Indicators (LFSI), change in the 6-min walk distance (6-MWD), change in Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) Scale, the number of moderate and severe acute exacerbations and adverse event rate during the follow-up period. DISCUSSION: This study will provide robust evidence on whether acupuncture is safe and effective for treating stable COPD. Meanwhile, comparing the differences in efficacy between different acupuncture frequencies will further promote the optimization of acupuncture for stable COPD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2200058757), on April 16, 2022.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto
12.
Int J Cardiol ; 403: 131886, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A novel automated method for measuring left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) along the endocardium has advantages in terms of its rapid application and excellent reproducibility. However, it remains unclear whether the available normal range for conventional GLS using the manual method is applicable to the automated GLS method. This study aimed to compare automated GLS head-to-head with manual layer-specific GLS, and to identify whether a specialized normal reference range for automated GLS is needed and explore the main determinants. METHODS: In total, 1683 healthy volunteers (men, 43%; age, 18-80 years) were prospectively enrolled from 55 collaborating laboratories. LV GLS was measured using both manual layer-specific and automated methods. RESULTS: Automated GLS was higher than endocardial, mid-myocardial, and epicardial GLS. Women had a higher automated GLS than men. GLS had no significant age dependency in men, but first increased and then decreased with age in women. Accordingly, sex- and age-specific normal ranges for automated GLS were proposed. Moreover, GLS appeared to have different burdens in relation to dominant determinants between the sexes. GLS in men showed no dominant determinants; however, GLS in women correlated with age, body mass index, and heart rate. CONCLUSIONS: Using the novel automated method, was LV GLS higher than when using the manual GLS method. The normal ranges of automated GLS stratified according to sex and age were provided, with dominant determinants showing sex disparities that require full consideration in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Deformação Longitudinal Global , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valores de Referência , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Blood Sci ; 6(2): e00182, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314248

RESUMO

To explore the predictive value of thyroid function in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients treated with immunosuppressive therapy (IST), 149 SAA patients in our center were enrolled between February 2015 and June 2020 in this study. We assessed the thyroid function of 134 patients without primary thyroid diseases, and discovered that 89 patients were accompanied by abnormal thyroid hormone, especially low triiodothyronine (T3). Patients with higher pretreatment-free T3 (FT3) levels (>5 pmol/L) demonstrated superior response rates at 3 and 6 months after IST compared to those with lower FT3 levels (54.5% vs 35.4%, P = .020; 67.3% vs 46.9%, P = .020). Multivariate analysis indicated that shorter disease duration (≤56 days) and response at 6 months were independent favorable factors of overall survival (relative risk [RR] = 2.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03-6.90, P = .040; RR = 30.10, 95% CI = 4.02-225.66, P = .001). The 6-year failure-free survival (FFS) was 53.8% (95% CI = 40.9%-65.1%). Multivariate analysis revealed that patients with a response at 6 months, shorter duration (≤56 days) and receiving rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) had better FFS outcomes than those without a response at 6 months, with a longer duration and receiving porcine ATG (RR = 22.6, 95% CI = 7.9-64.9, P < .001; RR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.3-4.5, P = .006; RR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.1-5.8, P = .030). In conclusion, FT3 levels reflect the severity of SAA, and patients with higher FT3 levels (>5 pmol/L) had superior response rates than those with lower ones.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 920: 170985, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367719

RESUMO

Thyroid hormones (THs) play an important role in a wide range of crucial biological functions related to growth and development, and thyroid antibodies (TAs) can influence the biosynthesis of THs. Epidemiological studies have indicated that per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) could induce thyroid disruption, but studies on teenagers living in areas with high PFAS exposure are limited. This cross-sectional study focused on 836 teenagers (11- 15 years) living near a Chinese fluorochemical industrial plant. Decreased levels of free thyroxine (FT4, ﹤9.6 pmol/L, abnormal rate = 19.0 %) and elevated levels of free triiodothyronine (FT3, ï¹¥6.15 pmol/L, abnormal rate = 29.8 %) were observed. Correlations of serum PFAS concentrations and TAs/THs were analyzed. Increased PFOA was identified as a risk factor of decreased FT4 by using unadjusted (OR: 11.346; 95 % CI: 6.029, 21.352, p < 0.001) and adjusted (OR: 12.566; 95 % CI: 6.549, 24.115, p < 0.001) logistic regression models. In addition, significantly negative correlations were found between log10 transformed PFOA and FT4 levels using linear (unadjusted: ß = -1.543, 95 % CI: -1.937, -1.148, p < 0.001; adjusted: ß = -1.534, 95 % CI: -1.930, -1.137, p < 0.001) and BKMR models. For abnormal FT3, a significantly positive association between PFHxS and FT3 levels was observed in a regression model (unadjusted: ß = -0.903, 95 % CI: -1.212, -0.595, p < 0.001; adjusted: ß = -0.894, 95 % CI: -1.204, -0.583, p < 0.001), and PFHxS was identified as a risk factor (unadjusted: OR: 4.387; 95 % CI: 2.619, 7.346, p < 0.001; adjusted: OR: 4.527; 95 % CI: 2.665, 7.688, p < 0.001). Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the above results. This study reported the elevated PFAS exposure and thyroid function of teenagers living near a fluorochemical industrial plant from China.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Fluorocarbonos , Humanos , Adolescente , Glândula Tireoide , Estudos Transversais , Hormônios Tireóideos , Tri-Iodotironina , China , Tiroxina , Tireotropina
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(7): 9436-9442, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320754

RESUMO

Recently, bioinspired fluorescent materials have drawn ever-increasing attention due to their ecofriendliness and easy accessibility. Herein, we demonstrate that anthraquinone/metal ion coordination complexes can form well-defined crystals and possess obvious fluorescence enhancement properties. The fluorescence quantum yields of anthraquinone/metal ion assemblies are more than 2 orders of magnitude compared to those of anthraquinone assemblies. The electronic structures of the first excited singlet states of anthraquinone/metal ion molecules are obtained, and the mechanism of the fluorescence enhancement is elucidated. Such photoluminescent anthraquinone/metal ion crystals can be considered as efficient phosphors in fabricating light-emitting diodes. This work provides a simple route for the development of highly efficient natural fluorescent materials.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397670

RESUMO

Pain interferes with one's work and social life and, at a personal level, daily activities, mood, and sleep quality. However, little research has been conducted on pain interference and its socioecological determinants among the working poor. Noting the clinical/policy decision needs and the technical challenges of isolating the intricately interrelated socioecological factors' unique contributions to pain interference and quantifying the relative contributions of each factor in an interpretable manner to inform clinical and policy decision-making, we deployed a novel random forest algorithm to model and quantify the unique contribution of a diverse ensemble of environmental, sociodemographic, and clinical factors to pain interference. Our analyses revealed that features representing the internal built environment of the working poor, such as the size of the living space, air quality, access to light, architectural design conducive to social connection, and age of the building, were assigned greater statistical importance than other more commonly examined predisposing factors for pain interference, such as age, occupation, the severity and locations of pain, BMI, serum blood sugar, and blood pressure. The findings were discussed in the context of their benefit in informing community pain screening to target residential areas whose built environment contributed most to pain interference and informing the design of intervention programs to minimize pain interference among those who suffered from chronic pain and showed specific characteristics. The findings support the call for good architecture to provide the spirit and value of buildings in city development.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Dor Crônica , Trabalhadores Pobres , Humanos , Algoritmo Florestas Aleatórias
17.
Geroscience ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356029

RESUMO

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG) are non-invasive techniques used for neuromodulation and recording brain electrical activity, respectively. The integration of TMS-EEG has emerged as a valuable tool for investigating the complex mechanisms involved in age-related disorders, such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). By systematically synthesizing TMS-EEG studies, this review aims to shed light on the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying MCI and AD, while also exploring the practical applications of TMS-EEG in clinical settings. PubMed, ScienceDirect, and PsychInfo were selected as the databases for this review. The 22 eligible studies included a total of 592 individuals with MCI or AD as well as 301 cognitively normal adults. TMS-EEG assessments unveiled specific patterns of corticospinal excitability, plasticity, and brain connectivity that distinguished individuals on the AD spectrum from cognitively normal older adults. Moreover, the TMS-induced EEG features were observed to be correlated with cognitive performance and the presence of AD pathological biomarkers. The comprehensive examination of the existing studies demonstrates that the combination of TMS and EEG has yielded valuable insights into the neurophysiology of MCI and AD. This integration shows great potential for early detection, monitoring disease progression, and anticipating response to treatment. Future research is of paramount importance to delve into the potential utilization of TMS-EEG for treatment optimization in individuals with MCI and AD.

18.
Phys Imaging Radiat Oncol ; 29: 100547, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390589

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: The lack of dedicated tools in commercial planning systems currently restricts efficient review and planning for re-irradiation. The aim of this study was to develop an automated re-irradiation planning framework based on cumulative doses. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 14 patients who received spine SBRT re-irradiation near a previously irradiated treatment site. A fully-automated workflow, DART (Dose Accumulation-based Re-irradiation Tool), was implemented within Eclipse by leveraging a combination of a dose accumulation script and a proprietary automated optimization algorithm. First, we converted the prior treatment dose into equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2) and mapped it to the current anatomy, utilizing deformable image registration. Subsequently, the intersection of EQD2 isodose lines with relevant organs at risk defines a series of optimization structures. During plan optimization, the residual allowable dose at a specified tissue tolerance was treated as a hard constraint. Results: All DART plans met institutional physical and cumulative constraints and passed plan checks by qualified medical physicists. DART demonstrated significant improvements in target coverage over clinical plans, with an average increase in PTV D99% and V100% of 2.3 Gy [range -0.3-7.7 Gy] and 3.4 % [range -0.4 %-7.6 %] (p < 0.01, paired t-test), respectively. Moreover, high-dose spillage (>105 %) outside the PTV was reduced by up to 7 cm3. The homogeneity index for DART plans was improved by 19 % (p < 0.001). Conclusions: DART provides a powerful framework to achieve more tailored re-irradiation plans by accounting for dose distributions from the previous treatments. The superior plan quality could improve the therapeutic ratio for re-irradiation patients.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133415, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185087

RESUMO

The inevitable organic matters in radioactive wastewater and contaminated waters pose great challenge in uranium recycling by traditional techniques. Here, a self-driven solar coupling system (SSCS), which was assembled by a TiO2 @MXene/CF cathode and a monolithic photoanode, was proposed for synergistically recycling uranium and degrading organics from complex radioactive wastewater, combining with electricity production. The TiO2 @MXene/CF was prepared via a simple annealing process with in-situ derived TiO2 nanoparticles decorated Ti3C2 MXene coated on carbon felt (CF). Under sunlight illumination, the photoanode captured electrons of organics, and drove electrons to the TiO2 @MXene/CF, which exhibited an exceptional UO22+ adsorption and reduction capacity because TiO2 nanoparticles provided plenty of surface hydroxyl groups for UO22+ adsorption, and the unique two-dimensional MXene facilitated the charge transfer. The SSCS with TiO2 @MXene/CF removed almost 100% UO22+ and organics with rate constants of ∼21 and ∼6.9 times those of the system with CF, accompanying with excellent power output (∼1000 µW·cm-2). The fixed uranium on TiO2 @MXene/CF was effectively reduced into insoluble UO2 (91.1%), and no obvious decay was observed after 15 repeated uses. This study proposes a multi-functional and easy-operated way for remediating radioactive wastewater and contaminated waters, and gives valuable insights in designing cathode materials for uranium reduction.

20.
J Transl Autoimmun ; 8: 100220, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38188039

RESUMO

Background and aims: Normal serum transaminases and immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels are surrogate markers for hepatic histologic disease activity in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). This study aimed to evaluate liver inflammation in patients with AIH with normal serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and IgG levels. Methods: Two hundred and five AIH patients who underwent liver biopsy in four medical centers were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors associated with advanced inflammation. Results: One hundred and thirty-one (63.9 %) AIH patients had advanced liver inflammation, and 108 (52.7 %) patients had advanced liver fibrosis. 60.0 % of patients with normal ALT and 51.7 % of patients with normal ALT and IgG had advanced inflammation. However, 76.7 % and 35.0 % of patients with or without advanced fibrosis with normal ALT had advanced inflammation, while the corresponding proportions of advanced inflammation were 78.6 % and 26.7 % in patients with normal ALT and IgG, respectively. Moreover, 81.0 % and 44.8 % of patients with and without cirrhosis with normal ALT had advanced inflammation, while the corresponding proportions were 83.3 % and 29.4 % in patients with normal ALT and IgG, respectively. Red cell distribution width (OR = 1.325, 95%CI 1.045-1.681, P = 0.020) and PT (OR = 1.514, 95%CI 1.138-2.014, P = 0.004) were independent factors associated with advanced inflammation. Conclusions: High proportion of advanced inflammation was found in AIH patients with normal ALT and IgG levels despite without advanced fibrosis. Although using non-invasive methods may contribute to rule out liver fibrosis in AIH patients with normal ALT and IgG levels, liver biopsy is encouraged to assess liver inflammation.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...