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1.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127977, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182103

RESUMO

Coastal wetlands are ecologically and economically important; however, they are currently faced with fragmentation and loss. Plants are a fundamental element of wetlands and previous researches have focused on wetland plant connectivity; however, these researches have been conducted at the landscape but not species level. Here, given that tidal flats are important areas in coastal wetlands, we investigated the connectivity characteristics of typical plant species and environmental factors in different wetland regions influenced by various tidal conditions to reveal vegetation connectivity and its relationship with environmental factors on a small-patch scale. We found that tides negatively affect plant connectivity because both the Tamarix chinensis and Suaeda salsa have the highest connectivity on river banks, which are not influenced by tides. Of two tidal regions, different tides conditions have different influence on two plant species. T. chinensis had higher connectivity in the supratidal zone, whereas S. salsa had higher connectivity in the intertidal zone. Besides, the soil water content and soil salinity were significantly different in the three regions, but the soil total nitrogen and phosphorous were not. Soil water content and soil salinity were two factors that significantly affected plant connectivity. Specifically, soil water content positively affected the connectivity of T. chinensis and S. salsa, whereas soil salinity negatively affected the connectivity of T. chinensis. Taken together, these results indicate that tidal conditions affect plant connectivity on a small-patch scale. River banks and supratidal zone are beneficial for the recovery and growth of T. chinensis, intertidal zone and river banks are more conducive to the recovery and growth of S. salsa. Based on the above research, this study provides insights that could be applied to vegetation restoration in coastal wetlands.

2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 252: 117169, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183619

RESUMO

Most endogenous antioxidants degrade and lose efficiency during frying. The study aimed to inhibit thermal oxidation of soybean oil by fabricating α-tocopherol loaded particles with ethyl cellulose (EC) of different viscosity grades (M9, M70 and M200) via anti-solvent method. As the viscosity of ethyl cellulose increased, particle size decreased from micrometer to nanometer. Confocal laser scanning microscope confirmed successful encapsulation and uniform distribution of α-tocopherol in the loaded particles. Differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis demonstrated that loaded particles protected α-tocopherol from oxidation and degradation. Meanwhile, Fourier transformed infrared demonstrated that α-tocopherol interacted with EC through hydrogen bond and hydrophobic effects. With excellent dispersibility in soybean oil, loaded particles effectively inhibited thermal oxidation of soybean oil and loaded M200 nanoparticles was the most effective, which performed far better than tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ). Therefore, the nanoparticles offered a promising way to enhance oxidative stability of oils during thermal processing.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 750: 141522, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846249

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) was firstly identified in mainland China in 2009 and the geographic distribution has expanded in recent years. In this study, we constructed ecological niche models (ENM) of SFTS with meteorological factors, environmental factor, and density of domestic animals using MaxEnt. We found four significant associated factors including altitude, yearly average temperature, yearly accumulated precipitation, and yearly average relative humidity which accounted for 94.1% percent contribution. SFTS occurrence probability was high when altitude was between -100 m and 100 m, and the probability was nearly 0 when altitude was beyond 3000 m. Response curves of SFTS to the yearly average temperature, yearly accumulated precipitation, and yearly average relative humidity were all reversed V-shape. SFTS occurrence probability was high where the yearly average temperature, yearly accumulated precipitation, and yearly relative humidity were 12.5-17.5 °C, 700-2250 mm and 63-82%, respectively. ENMs predicted that the potential high-risk areas were mainly distributed in eastern areas and central areas of China. But there were some predicted potential high-risk areas where no SFTS case was reported up to date. More researches should be done to make clear whether SFTS case had occurred in these areas.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bunyaviridae , Phlebovirus , Trombocitopenia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Conceitos Meteorológicos
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123262, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629345

RESUMO

Constructing heterojunctions would result in the change of valence band position, which is an important factor determining the oxidative ability of photo-induced holes, has received scant attention. In this paper, ß-Bi2O3/Bi2O2CO3 composites with different ratios were obtained via ionic-liquid-assisted solvothermal and in-situ calcination processes. UV-vis DRS, Mott-Schottky test, and Kelvin probe measurement showed the change of band gaps of ß-Bi2O3 and Bi2O2CO3 before and after heterojunction formation. SPV, ESR, photocurrent, and scavenger experiments identified the separation efficiency of photo-generated electrons and holes, as well as the active species generated in the photocatalytic process. The photocatalytic mechanism was investigated by the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) upon visible-light and simulated sunlight, respectively. The results demonstrated that ß-Bi2O3/Bi2O2CO3 heterojunctions possessed enhanced separation efficiency and higher degradation ability than the individuals under visible-light irradiation due to effective electron transfer. However, lower performance under simulated sunlight was observed, although their separation efficiency remained high. The decisive reason for this was that the up-shift of valence band of Bi2O2CO3 induced by hybridization and the transition of holes from VB of Bi2O2CO3 to that of ß-Bi2O3 with more negative potential decreased the oxidative ability of holes, which surpassed the positive influence of enhanced separation efficiency.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 582(Pt A): 291-300, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827954

RESUMO

Photocatalytic materials have been widely used to remove dyes from printing and dyeing wastewater. However, difficulty in recycling of photocatalysts is the great concern in the real catalytic applications, which significantly raises the application cost. This study developed a low-cost catalyst by loading magnetic Ni onto filter paper (FP) via an easy going in-situ reaction. The characterization results displayed that the Ni particles were uniformly anchored onto the FP. The Ni@FP material presented a strong magnetic ability which was evidenced by a saturation magnetization (Ms) of 5.014 emu·g-1, a remanent magnetization (Mr) of 2.067 emu·g-1 and a coercivity (Hc) of 133.868 Oe. Meanwhile, the magnetic Ni@FP material displayed a recyclable advantage in photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange (MO) via an external magnetic field. There existed an optimal photocatalytic degradation rate of 93.40% within 5 min when MO concentration was 15 mg·L-1 at pH 8.0. Three cycle experiments confirmed that the Ni@FP possessed a satisfied stability and recycling ability. Moreover, the Ni@FP material presented a strong antibacterial activity which can prevent it from being contaminated by microorganisms. The versatility of the newly proposed photocatalyst in this study demonstrated its great application prospect in dyeing wastewater treatment.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 581(Pt A): 11-20, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771723

RESUMO

In this work, for the first time we are reporting the development of a kind of high rate and long cycle life electrode composed of nickel cobalt manganese ternary carbonate hydroxide (NiCoMn-CH) ultrathin nanoflakes coated on Co-CH nanowire arrays (NWAs), which are directly generated on a nickel foam (NF) support. The hierarchical heterostructures are synthesized via a scalable two step solvothermal strategy without any adscititious surfactant and binder. The smart combination of Co-CH and NiCoMn-CH nanostructures in the nanowire arrays shows significant synergistic effect on the enhancement of the electrochemical performance of the as-fabricated supercapacitors. The as-obtained electrode exhibits excellent conductivity and high specific surface area, resulting in an unprecedented high specific capacitance (up to 3224F g-1 at 1 A g-1 in a three-electrode system) and an ultralong cycling stability (92.4% retention after 6000 successive charge-discharge cycles 5 A g-1). Meanwhile, an asymmetric supercapacitor device assembled of the Co-CH@NiCoMn-CH hierarchical nanostructures as positive electrode and activated carbon (AC) as negative electrode delivers good energy density of 20.31 W h kg-1 at the power density of 748.46 W kg-1 in the operation window 0-1.5 V. This methodology could be generalized to the design of other novel structured nanomaterials for energy storage devices and other applications.

7.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127818, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771707

RESUMO

Yellow mealworms (Tenebrio molitor larvae) are capable of biodegrading polystyrene (PS) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE). This study tested biodegradation of one expanded PS (EPS) with a weight-average molecular weight (Mw) 256.4 kDa and two LDPE foams with respective Mw of 130.6 kDa (PE-1) and 288.7 kDa (PE-2) in T. monitor larvae obtained in Beijing, China. The larvae consumed EPS and both LDPEs over a 60 day. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analyses of frass confirmed the formation of new oxygen-containing functional groups, as well as a change in physical property and chemical modification, indicating that biodegradation of EPS and LDPE occurred. Gel permeation chromatography analysis confirmed broad depolymerization of EPS and PE-1 (i.e., a decrease in both Mw and a number-average molecular weight (Mn)) but revealed limited extent depolymerization of PE-2 (i.e., increase in Mn and decrease in Mw). For all materials, the size-average molecular weight (Mz) was decreased. Biodegradation and oxidation of EPS and LDPE were confirmed using FTIR and TGA analysis. Depression of gut microbes by the antibiotic gentamicin resulted in significant inhibition of EPS depolymerization but did not stop LDPE depolymerization, resulting in the increase in Mn and revealing that PS biodegradation was gut microbe-dependent but LDPE biodegradation was less dependent or independent of gut microbes. Gut microbial community analysis indicated that, as expected, under different dietary conditions, the intestinal flora significantly shifted to communities associated with biodegradation of EPS and LDPE. The results indicated the complexity and limitation of biodegradation of plastics in plastics-eating T. molitor larvae.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Besouros/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Tenebrio/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Pequim , China , Cromatografia em Gel , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Gentamicinas , Larva/metabolismo , Plásticos/metabolismo , Polietileno/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
9.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143303, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187706

RESUMO

The subsurface soil environment through the unsaturated (vadose) zone and saturated (below groundwater table) zone is one of the most active layers in the Earth's surface with biogeochemical interactions. Geochemical variables and geographic distance are key driving forces shaping the distribution of soil microbial communities, but our understandings are mainly limited to surface soil or shallow unsaturated zone (1-3 m beneath the ground). In this study, soil and sediment samples were collected from the unsaturated zone, through groundwater fluctuated zone, to saturated zone (up to 20 m) to unravel the assembly processes mediating vertical bacterial community succession across these three zones. Our results suggested both geochemical niches and bacterial diversity had different vertical patterns in each zone. With increased depth, pH increased and nutrient levels (C, N, P, K) and bacterial diversity declined in the unsaturated zone, and nutrients and bacterial diversity remained low levels after reaching the fluctuated and saturated zones. Nutrients were the key drivers shaping bacterial variation in the unsaturated zone, but limited nutrients and only 'depth' significantly explained the variations in the fluctuated zone and saturated zone, respectively. The co-occurrence network supported a more species co-existence pattern in the unsaturated zone than that in the other two zones. Due to the geochemical variations across three zones, the assembly of phylogenetically more clustered communities was observed through deterministic processes (e.g., 55% homogenizing selection) in the unsaturated zone, but the stochastic process (e.g., 50%-70% dispersal limitation) was more important in the fluctuated and saturated zones. These findings together suggested that the vertical distribution of soil bacterial community assembly was zone-specific and shaped by the degree of deterministic vs. stochastic processes. Our results provide a novel insight into the microbial community assembly across three different ecosystems in the Earth's critical zone and shed a light on subsurface biogeochemical processes.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who experience additional traumas or stressful life events may undergo symptomatic worsening, but no data exist on whether exposure to the COVID-19 pandemic in a high infection area worsens mental health among older adults with chronic PTSD. METHODS: Seventy-six older adults (N = 46 with PTSD and N = 30 trauma-exposed comparison subjects [TE]) for whom prepandemic data were available were interviewed between April 1 and May 8, 2020 to quantify depressive (Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HRSD]) and PTSD symptom (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist [PCL-5]) levels. Group differences in baseline characteristics as well as pre-post pandemic symptom levels were examined, and participant characteristics were assessed as moderators of symptom change. RESULTS: Compared to TEs, individuals with PTSD more often reported living alone and experiencing a physical illness (χ2 = 5.1, df = 1, p = 0.02). PCL-5 scores among individuals with PTSD decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic by 7.1 points (t(69) = -3.5, p = 0.0008), whereas the TE group did not change significantly. Overall no significant differences in HRSD were found between groups, but a race or ethnicity variable was found to moderate HRSD symptom change. Non-black or Hispanic individuals with PTSD experienced significantly increased HRSD scores during the pandemic compared to black or Hispanic PTSD participants. CONCLUSION: The findings are indicative of complexity in the responses of older individuals with PTSD to further stressful life events as well as possibly unique aspects to the COVID-19 pandemic as a stressor. Sources of resilience may exist based on experience with prior traumas as well as increasing age promoting more adaptive coping styles.

11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(40): 6295-6303, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by impaired mitochondrial sulfur dioxygenase. Due to poor therapeutic effect of current conventional treatments, progressive psychomotor regression and neurological impairment usually contribute to early death in the first decade of life. Liver transplantation (LT) is emerging as a novel therapeutic option for EE; however, worldwide experience is still limited. CASE SUMMARY: An 18-mo-old patient with the diagnosis of EE received a living donor liver transplant in our institution, which, to our knowledge, is the first case in Asian-Pacific countries. During 20 mo of follow-up, the longitudinal metabolic evaluations revealed a wild fluctuation in urinary EMA levels, still far beyond the normal range. Urinary 2-methylsuccinic acid levels gradually restored to normal, whereas the concentrations of urinary isobutyrylglycine and plasma C4- and C5-acylcarnitines fluctuated markedly and still remained above the reference limits. Only mild amelioration of petechiae and ecchymosis was observed, and no dramatic reversion of chronic mucoid diarrhea and orthostatic acrocyanosis occurred. Although brain magnetic resonance imaging suggested a certain improvement in basal ganglia lesions, the patient still presented developmental delay and neurologic disability. CONCLUSION: LT may bring about a partial but not complete cure to EE. Given its definite role in defending against the devastating natural progression of EE, LT should still be considered for patients with EE in the absence of other superior therapeutic options. Early establishment of diagnosis and initiation of conventional treatment pre-transplant, timely LT, and continuous administration of metabolism-correcting medications post-transplant may be helpful in minimizing the neurologic impairment and maximizing the therapeutic value of LT in EE.

13.
Public Health Nutr ; : 1-23, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between total alcohol intake, specific alcoholic beverages, and sleep quality in a community-based cohort. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The Kailuan community, China. PARTICIPANTS: Included were 11,905 participants who were free of a history of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, Parkinson's disease, dementia, and head injury in or prior to 2012. Alcohol consumption (amount and frequency intake) and alcoholic beverage type were collected in 2006 (baseline) and 2012. Participants were grouped into non-, light- (women: 0-0.4 serving/day; men: 0-0.9 serving/day), moderate- (women: 0.5-1.0 serving/day; men: 1.0-2.0 servings/day), and heavy- (women: >1.0 servings/day; men: >2.0 servings/day) drinker. Overall sleep quality was measured in 2012 and included four sleep parameters (insomnia, daytime sleepiness, sleep duration, snoring/obstructive sleep apnea). RESULTS: We observed a dose-response association between higher alcohol consumption in 2006 and worse sleep quality in 2012 (P-trend <0.001), after adjusting for age, sex, social-economic status, smoking status, physical activity, obesity, plasma lipid profiles, diabetes and hypertension. A similar association was observed when alcohol consumption in 2012 was used as exposure. Alcohol was associated with higher odds of having short sleep duration (adjusted odds ratio for heavy- vs. non-drinkers = 1.32; 95% confidence interval: 1.09-1.57), and snoring (adjusted odds ratio for heavy- vs. non-drinkers: 1.38; 95% confidence interval: 1.22-1.57). Consumption of hard liquor, but not beer or wine, was significantly associated with poor sleep quality. CONCLUSIONS: Higher alcohol consumption was associated with poorer sleep quality and higher odds of having snoring and short sleep duration.

14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 4630218, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163535

RESUMO

Background: The prognosis of IDH1-mutant glioma is significantly better than that of wild-type glioma, and the preoperative identification of IDH mutations in glioma is essential for the formulation of surgical procedures and prognostic assessment. Purpose: To explore the value of a radiomic model based on preoperative-enhanced MR images in the assessment of the IDH1 genotype in high-grade glioma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 182 patients with high-grade glioma confirmed by surgical pathology between December 2012 and January 2019 in our hospital with complete preoperative brain-enhanced MR images, including 79 patients with an IDH1 mutation (45 patients with WHO grade III and 34 patients with WHO grade IV) and 103 patients with wild-type IDH1 (33 patients with WHO grade III and 70 patients with WHO grade IV). Patients were divided into a primary dataset and a validation dataset at a ratio of 7 : 3 using a stratified random sampling; radiomic features were extracted using A.K. (Analysis Kit, GE Healthcare) software and were initially reduced using the Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman analyses. Lasso was finally conducted to obtain the optimized subset of the feature to build the radiomic model, and the model was then tested with cross-validation. ROC (receiver operating characteristic curve) analysis was performed to evaluate the performance of the model. Results: The radiomic model showed good discrimination in both the primary dataset (AUC = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.754 to 0.855, ACC = 0.798, sensitivity = 85.5%, specificity = 75.4%, positive predictive value = 0.734, and negative predictive value = 0.867) and the validation dataset (AUC = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.690 to 0.913, ACC = 0.789, sensitivity = 91.3%, specificity = 69.0%, positive predictive value = 0.700, and negative predictive value = 0.909). Conclusion: The radiomic model, based on the preoperative-enhanced MR, can effectively predict the IDH1 genotype in high-grade glioma.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171049

RESUMO

NH3 is mainly obtained by the Haber-Bosch method in the process of industrial production, which is not only accompanied by huge energy consumption but also environmental pollution. The reduction of N2 to NH3 under mild conditions is an important breakthrough to solve the current energy and environmental problems, so the preparation of catalysts that can effectively promote the reduction of N2 is a crucial step. In this work, BiVO4 decorated with amorphous MnCO3/C double layers has been successfully synthesized by a one-step method for the first time. The C and MnCO3 have been formed as ultrathin film, which enables the establishment of a uniform and tight interface with BiVO4. The temperature-programmed desorption of N2 (N2-TPD) spectra confirmed that the MnCO3/C could endow BiVO4 with a drastic enhancement of the chemical absorption ability of a N2 molecule compared with the pristine BiVO4. Meanwhile, the method of isotope labeling proved that the catalyst exhibited excellent selectivity for the photocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR). The production rate of NH3 up to 2.426 mmol m-2 h-1 has been achieved over the BiVO4/MnCO3/C, which is almost 8 times that of pristine BiVO4. The promoted production rate of NH3 over BiVO4/MnCO3/C could be mainly attributed to the cooperative process between MnCO3 and C amorphous layers. Therefore, this work could provide an alternative insight to understand the NRR process based on the model of a hierarchical amorphous structure.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(21)2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142905

RESUMO

Considering the difficult problem of robot recognition and grasping in the scenario of disorderly stacked wooden planks, a recognition and positioning method based on local image features and point pair geometric features is proposed here and we define a local patch point pair feature. First, we used self-developed scanning equipment to collect images of wood boards and a robot to drive a RGB-D camera to collect images of disorderly stacked wooden planks. The image patches cut from these images were input to a convolutional autoencoder to train and obtain a local texture feature descriptor that is robust to changes in perspective. Then, the small image patches around the point pairs of the plank model are extracted, and input into the trained encoder to obtain the feature vector of the image patch, combining the point pair geometric feature information to form a feature description code expressing the characteristics of the plank. After that, the robot drives the RGB-D camera to collect the local image patches of the point pairs in the area to be grasped in the scene of the stacked wooden planks, also obtaining the feature description code of the wooden planks to be grasped. Finally, through the process of point pair feature matching, pose voting and clustering, the pose of the plank to be grasped is determined. The robot grasping experiment here shows that both the recognition rate and grasping success rate of planks are high, reaching 95.3% and 93.8%, respectively. Compared with the traditional point pair feature method (PPF) and other methods, the method present here has obvious advantages and can be applied to stacked wood plank grasping environments.

17.
Carcinogenesis ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151304

RESUMO

c-Met hyperactivity has been observed in numerous neoplasms. Several researchers have shown that the abnormal activation of c-Met is mainly caused by transcriptional activation. However, the molecular mechanism behind this transcriptional regulation is poorly understood. Here, we suggest that Smad3 negatively regulates the expression and activation of c-Met via a transcriptional mechanism. We explore the molecular mechanisms that underlie Smad3-induced c-Met transcription inhibition. We found in contrast to the high expression of c-Met, Smad3 showed low protein and mRNA levels. Smad3 and c-Met expression was inconsistent between lung cancer tissues and cell lines. We also found that Smad3 overexpression suppresses whereas Smad3 knockdown significantly promotes EMT and production of the angiogenic factors VEGF, CTGF and COX-2 through the ERK1/2 pathway. In addition, Smad3 overexpression decreases whereas Smad3 knockdown significantly increases protein and mRNA levels of invasion related ß-catenin and FAK through the PI3K/Akt pathway. Furthermore, using the ChIP analysis method, we demonstrate that a transcriptional regulatory complex consisting of HDAC1, Smad3 and mSin3A binds to the promoter of the c-Met gene. By either silencing endogenous mSin3A expression with siRNA or by pretreating cells with a specific HDAC1 inhibitor (MS-275), Smad3-induced transcriptional suppression of c-Met could be effectively attenuated. These results demonstrate that Smad3-induced inhibition of c-Met transcription depends on of a functional transcriptional regulatory complex that includes Smad3, mSin3A and HDAC1 at the c-Met promoter. Collectively, our findings reveal a new regulatory mechanism of c-Met signaling, and suggest a potential molecular target for the development of anticancer drugs.

18.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155807

RESUMO

As a conceptually attractive strategy, the use of immune checkpoint blockade antibodies to treat cancer is limited due to the restrained tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), poor accumulation and penetration of antibodies, and deficient checkpoint blockade in malignancies. In this study, we describe a pH and mild photothermal sequentially triggered PD-L1 siRNA release nanosystem, based on monoelemental bismuthene, as a one-for-all strategy to realize enhanced tumor mild photothermal immunotherapy. Under manually controlled NIR irradiation, the bismuthene-based nanosystem simultaneously induces a tumor-enhanced pathological permeability and retention (EPPR) effect, increases TIL recruitment, and triggers programmed siRNA release, thereby amplifying anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy. In addition, the nanosystem's rapid removal through intestinal and renal clearance mitigates toxicity risk associated with long-term retention. In vivo antitumor experiments demonstrate that this bismuthene-based nanosystem is a promising and effective approach for "cold" tumor management.

19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(39): 6087-6097, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly around the world. Most critically ill patients have organ injury, including acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute kidney injury, cardiac injury, or liver dysfunction. However, few studies on acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) have been reported in critically ill patients with COVID-19. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and outcomes of AGI in critically ill patients with COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, demographic data, laboratory parameters, AGI grades, clinical severity and outcomes were collected. The primary endpoints were AGI incidence and 28-d mortality. RESULTS: From February 10 to March 10 2020, 83 critically ill patients out of 1314 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled. Seventy-two (86.7%) patients had AGI during hospital stay, of these patients, 30 had AGI grade I, 35 had AGI grade II, 5 had AGI grade III, and 2 had AGI grade IV. The incidence of AGI grade II and above was 50.6%. Forty (48.2%) patients died within 28 days of admission. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome developed in 58 (69.9%) patients, and septic shock in 16 (19.3%) patients. Patients with worse AGI grades had worse clinical variables, a higher incidence of septic shock and 28-d mortality. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores (95%CI: 1.374-2.860; P < 0.001), white blood cell (WBC) counts (95%CI: 1.037-1.379; P = 0.014), and duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) (95%CI: 1.020-1.340; P = 0.025) were risk factors for the development of AGI grade II and above. CONCLUSION: The incidence of AGI was 86.7%, and hospital mortality was 48.2% in critically ill patients with COVID-19. SOFA scores, WBC counts, and duration of MV were risk factors for the development of AGI grade II and above. Patients with worse AGI grades had a higher incidence of septic shock and 28-d mortality.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Gastroenteropatias/fisiopatologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Contagem de Leucócitos , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/epidemiologia , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Choque Séptico/epidemiologia
20.
Opt Lett ; 45(21): 6062-6065, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137069

RESUMO

In this Letter, we propose a combined metric for quantifying the color discrimination capability of white light sources. This metric is based on considerations of human visual adaptation to daylight chromaticities, as well as on the concerns of the huge spectral diversity of modern light sources. Two existing metrics, Sneutral (degree of neutrality) by Smet et al. [Opt. Express22, 25830 (2014)OPEXFF1094-408710.1364/OE.22.025830] and Rd (hue transposition among color samples of the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue color vision test) by Esposito and Houser [Lighting Res. Technol.51, 5 (2019)LRTEA90024-342610.1177/1477153517729200] were adopted, and their weights were determined by a meta-analysis of five groups of psychophysical data on color discrimination. The superiority of the newly proposed metric was demonstrated by 16 groups of psychophysical data from eight color discrimination studies, as well as by a comparison with 29 typical color quality metrics and their linear combinations.

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