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1.
Clin Imaging ; 93: 75-82, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413877

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess differences in the mammographic and sonographic appearance of breast cancer in African American (AA) and Non-Latina White (NLW) women. METHODS: We identified AA and NLW women with biopsy proven ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive breast cancer between June 1, 2015 and May 31, 2018. Racial differences in Breast Imaging and Reporting Data System (BI-RADS) imaging features were analyzed by imaging cohorts, i.e. screen detected vs. clinical presentation, using logistic regression adjusted for histology and molecular subtypes. RESULTS: We analyzed 270 AA women with 278 cancers (166 screen detected, 112 clinical) and 586 NLW women with 599 cancers (397 screen detected, 202 clinical). Compared with NLW women, AA women had higher rates of non-dense breast composition (almost entirely fatty 12.0% vs. 4.6%, scattered fibroglandular 50.9% vs. 45.2%; overall P < 0001) in both cohorts and were less likely to have screen detected architectural distortion, (odds ratio (OR) = 0.38, 95% CI 0.18-0.80). AA women were less likely than NLW women to have screen detected irregular than oval/round masses (mammography: OR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.19-0.68; sonography: OR = 0.48, 95% CI 0.24-0.94), and more likely to present clinically with high density masses (OR = 3.03, 95% CI 1.12-8.20) demonstrating posterior enhancement (OR = 3.02, 95% CI 1.11-8.27). CONCLUSION: There are racial differences in the mammographic and sonographic appearance of breast cancer even after accounting for higher rates of triple negative breast cancer in AA women. Understanding these differences may provide breast imagers with a framework to approach breast cancer diagnosis in the AA population in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Brancos , Mamografia , Densidade da Mama
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 2): 159794, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374751

RESUMO

Fe(III) oxides are ubiquitous electron acceptors for anaerobic bioremediation, although their bioavailability was limited due to the passivation of secondary mineralization products. Here we found the solid S0 can be added to improve their bioavailability. Using lepidocrocite (γ-FeOOH), acetate and Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA as representatives of Fe(III) oxides, intermediate of pollutant degradation and microbes, a 6 times higher amount of FeOOH reduction in the presence of S0 was observed with a time needed for S0 reduction shortened by half. The bioreduction of S0 activated the reduction of FeOOH, while the product (conductive FeS) may have bridged electron transfer across the cell membrane and periplasm. The proportion of excessive Fe(II) produced from Fe(III) was quantified as a direct bioreduction (26 %), with an abiotic FeOOH reduction to FeS (20 %) and an FeS-conducted FeOOH bioreduction (54 %), which highlight the key role of gradually formed FeS from S0 in the bioreduction of FeOOH. Our results showed that S0 can be an effective additive for the bioremediation of environments with abundant Fe(III) oxides, which has broader implications for elemental biogeochemical cycling.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos , Óxidos , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Disponibilidade Biológica , Anaerobiose , Oxirredução , Enxofre
3.
Behav Brain Res ; 438: 114219, 2023 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403671

RESUMO

Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), hemodynamic responses (i.e., changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin) were measured while participants with Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy controls performed the Timed-Up-and-Go test (TUGT), and differences in cortical activity at baseline and three different intervals were examined between the two groups. Seventeen PD patients and twenty-two controls participated in the study, but two PD patients were excluded from statistical analysis due to the presence of freezing of gait and using walking aids during the TUGT. During the TUGT, activity in the front, left, right and total frontal cortices initially decreased significantly, then significantly increased in PD participants and low-risk faller PD participants, compared to when in a sitting position. ΔHbO (HbO change from baseline) over the front, left and total frontal cortices in the PD group was significantly lower than the control group in interval 1 (P = 0.019, P = 0.014 and P = 0.031, respectively), while significantly higher than the control group in interval 2 over the left frontal cortex (P = 0.010). No significant differences were observed between the high-risk faller and low-risk faller subgroups of PD participants in ΔHbO and ΔHbR in the three intervals (P > 0.05). In the high-risk faller subgroup, ΔHbO over the left frontal cortex was significantly higher than the right frontal cortex in interval 2 and interval 3 (P = 0.015, P = 0.030, respectively). There was a strong positive correlation between education and HbR concentration over the right frontal cortex in PD participants (rho = 0.557, P = 0.031), while there were strong negative correlations between PD duration and HbR concentration over the right and total frontal cortices in the high-risk faller subgroup of PD participants (rho = -0.854, P = 0.014 for the right; rho = -0.784, P = 0.037 for the total). The falls prediction cutoff TUGT time for PD participants was 14.2 s. These results suggest that frontal cognition training, along with exercise training, could be used as an effective training method to improve motor performance in PD patients, especially for those at high-risk for falls.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Equilíbrio Postural , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento , Hemodinâmica
4.
Food Chem ; 403: 134293, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182858

RESUMO

Nanoliposomes are ideal nanocarriers for encapsulated active compounds used in the food industry as they provide stability and controlled release. However, cholesterol may pose risks in large intake, which is the commonly-used nanoliposome stabilizers. In this study, resveratrol was used instead of cholesterol as a novel nanoliposome stabilizer to construct a resveratrol blank liposome (RBL) system. The RBL system was used to protect the bacteriocin CAMT6 to create bacteriocin-loaded nanoliposomes (BLLs). The RBLs and BLLs had favourable particle sizes (172.71 nm and 150.47 nm), polydispersity index (PDI) values (0.150 and 0.120) and zeta potentials (-41.54 mV and -43.53 mV, respectively). According to Differential scanning colourimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses, resveratrol altered the structure of the phospholipid layer. The phospholipid layers of the RBLs and BLLs had higher mobility when resveratrol was used as a stabilizer instead of cholesterol. Structurally, resveratrol was inserted egg yolk lecithin to constitute an RBL. CAMT6 was loaded in BLLs with spherical and shell-core structures. The BLL encapsulation efficiency was 97.32 % and exhibited three release phases, with the release rates reaching 62 %. In experiments with milk, the BLLs effectively protected the anti-Listeria activity of CAMT6. In summary, resveratrol is a suitable nanoliposome stabilizer and the proposed RBL system is an excellent way to improve the stability of water-soluble preservatives, such as bacteriocins, in complex food environments.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas , Resveratrol , Lipossomos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Excipientes , Lecitinas , Colesterol
5.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 3): 114725, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343711

RESUMO

System pH is found to crucially affect biofilm growth and microorganisms' activity in the biofilm-based wastewater treatment system. This study investigated the pH-dependent pollutants removal, microbial niches succession and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) accumulation in an oxygen-based membrane biofilm reactor treating greywater. Results indicated that neutral conditions achieved the highest biofilm concentration and living cells, which enabled the highest pollutants removal rates; multifarious functional groups in biofilm enabled pollutants adsorption, which favored its continuous bio-removal. Microbial communities under acidic condition (pH = 5.0) were significantly different with that under other conditions (p < 0.05). The neutral and alkaline niches (pH = 7.0 and 9.0) were predominant by organics biodegradation and nitrogen reduction bacteria (e.g. Sphingobacteriales, Pseudomonas, Flavobacterium and Phenylobacterium), but which were significantly dropped under acidic conditions, leading to the declined reactor performance. ARGs in biofilm (predominant by korB, intI-1, sul1 and sul2) were much higher than that in the cell-free liquid and the target ARGs accumulation (korB, intI-1, blaCTX-M, qnrS) had nearly linear positive relationships (R2 > 0.95, P < 0.01) with biofilm-attached linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS). LAS stimulate ARGs proliferation in functional microorganisms (korB, sul-1 and intI-1 were significantly associated with related microbial genus) and biofilm played a key role in ARGs dissemination. The relatively low ARGs in both biofilm and effluent under neutral conditions suggested that pH controlling can be an effective strategy to inhibit ARGs dissemination and proliferation in the system.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Poluentes Ambientais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Oxigênio/química , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Biofilmes , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Genes Bacterianos , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia
6.
Food Chem ; 403: 134373, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358094

RESUMO

To protect tomato pulp quality, this study investigated the effect of the infrared peeling method (using our newly developed catalytic infrared peeling equipment) on pectin's chemical, structural and functional properties and their correlation compared with manual, hot-water, and lye peeling methods. Infrared peeling significantly improved pectin's emulsifying and antioxidant capacity compared to manual peeling by increasing branching degree. Hot water peeling significantly improved pectin's viscosity, emulsifying and antioxidant capacity. However, the pectin chains had low flexibility. The effect of lye peeling on pectin was the greatest, causing the lowest linearity and the largest degree of branching. In comparison, infrared peeling had the least impact on pectin. It was further confirmed that pectin' viscosity, emulsifying, and antioxidant capacity were highly correlated with its chemical and structural properties. In summary, the infrared peeling method provides better pulp quality and is more sustainable because no water and chemicals are used.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum , Lixívia , Pectinas/química , Antioxidantes/química , Viscosidade
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 159191, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195150

RESUMO

Soil moisture (SM) is essential for controlling terrestrial carbon uptake, as it directly provides moisture for photosynthesis, especially in arid and semiarid regions. We selected the arid and semiarid Ili River basin (IRB) of Xinjiang as the study area, and investigated the spatial and temporal characteristics and interrelationships with SM and photosynthesis from 2000 to 2018 using the ERA5 products and solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF). SM and photosynthesis showed a decreasing trend during the study period. Compared with those in spring and autumn, the variation of summer SM and SIF was more consistent with the interannual variation. Anomaly analysis showed that negative SM anomalies were most profound in 2012-2015, 2008, and 2014. Additionally, we quantified the effect of seasonal SM deficits on photosynthesis by performing model-based experiments. The results indicated that the gross primary productivity (GPP) simulated by the P-model could capture the characteristics of photosynthesis in the IRB, which had a high correlation with SIF (R2 = 0.82, p < 0.001). In 2012-2015, 2008, and 2014, SM deficits caused more GPP reduction in the summers than in the springs or the autumns. The trends were mainly visible in the northern IRB, where GPP was below 40 % of the multi-year mean, and SM was below 23 %. GPP decreased more significantly in grassland than in the forest under the influence of SM deficit. This study reveals seasonal differences in the effects of SM deficit on photosynthesis and emphasizes that the summer SM deficit was the main factor responsible for decreases in GPP in the IRB during the study period. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the relationships between photosynthesis and environmental factors, and provide a reference for an accurate assessment of the regional carbon cycle.


Assuntos
Clorofila , Solo , Estações do Ano , Rios , Ecossistema , Fluorescência , Fotossíntese
8.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 64(1): 73-86, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845845

RESUMO

Wood is produced by the accumulation of secondary xylem via proliferation and differentiation of the cambium cells in woody plants. Identifying the regulators involved in this process remains a challenging task. In this study, we isolated PagSAG101a, the homolog of Arabidopsis thaliana SAG101, from a hybrid poplar (Populus alba × Populus glandulosa) clone 84K and investigated its role in secondary xylem development. PagSAG101a was expressed predominantly in lignified stems and localized in the nucleus. Compared with non-transgenic 84K plants, transgenic plants overexpressing PagSAG101a displayed increased plant height, internode number, stem diameter, xylem width, and secondary cell wall thickness, while opposite phenotypes were observed for PagSAG101a knock-out plants. Transcriptome analyses revealed that differentially expressed genes were enriched for those controlling cambium cell division activity and subsequent secondary cell wall deposition during xylem formation. In addition, the tandem CCCH zinc finger protein PagC3H17, which positively regulates secondary xylem width and secondary wall thickening in poplar, could bind to the promoter of PagSAG101a and mediate the regulation of xylem differentiation. Our results support that PagSAG101a, downstream of PagC3H17, functions in wood development.


Assuntos
Populus , Câmbio/genética , Câmbio/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Populus/genética , Populus/metabolismo , Madeira/genética , Xilema/genética
9.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 937280, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458120

RESUMO

Background: Depression is a serious psychological disorder that causes substantial psychological and physical suffering in adolescents, contributes to over 50% of suicide attempts, and affects the health status and psychosocial functioning of 25% of the adult population. The prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents is 5.6∼11.04%, and the prevalence of depression in adolescents with PCOS is as high as 50-60%. Depression seriously affects the rehabilitation and quality of life of adolescents with PCOS. In this study, we present a protocol for a mixed-method study to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a psychological adjustment communication system for reducing the prevalence of depression among adolescents with PCOS who are at a high risk of depression in China. This study utilizes social support theory to develop a mobile phone-based intervention for adolescents with PCOS at a high risk of depression. Methods: This sequential exploratory mixed-method study consists of four consecutive phases. In the first phase, we will review the literature to understand the disease experience and needs of adolescents with PCOS to construct an initial psychological adjustment communication system. In the second phase, researchers will interview patients and their parents using purposeful sampling methods and semi-structured interviews to appropriately modify the psychological adjustment communication system. In the third phase, the Delphi method will be used to improve the psychological adjustment communication system. The fourth phase will employ a quantitative approach using a before-and-after design to measure the effectiveness of the system. Discussion: The results of this study will indicate the effectiveness of the psychological adjustment communication system in adolescents with PCOS who are at a high risk of depression. Registration number: ChiCTR2100050123.

10.
J Ovarian Res ; 15(1): 127, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463302

RESUMO

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome has increased predisposition to breast and/or ovarian cancer, and 24% of families with HBOC were associated with the germline pathogenic variants in BRCA1/2. Timely diagnosis and identification of mutation carriers is of utmost importance to improve survival benefit and quality of life. Cancers that have been included into screening of BRCA1/2 associated HBOC included prostate and pancreatic cancers etc. In this case, we reported a patient who firstly presented symptoms of CRC and was finally diagnosed as BRCA1 associated HBOC with advanced peritoneal carcinoma. With strategies of cetuximab based treatment and olaparib, and debulking surgeries, she has achieved an overall survival (OS) > 35 months. The aim was to indicate that HBOC might also first present as CRC, and comprehensive next-generation sequencing analysis might be a key complement for screening and diagnose of HBOC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Fenótipo , Células Germinativas , Mutação , Proteína BRCA1/genética
11.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 188: 105247, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464357

RESUMO

Pond lovegrass [Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin.] is an annual grass weed of rice fields worldwide. Cyhalofop-butyl has been widely used for controlling annual grass weeds in rice fields. However, E. japonica is tolerant to cyhalofop-butyl. The effective dose values of cyhalofop-butyl for 29 E. japonica populations causing 50% inhibition of fresh weight (GR50: 130.15 to 187.61 g a.i. ha-1) were much higher than the recommended dose of cyhalofop-butyl (75 g a.i. ha-1) in the field. The mechanisms of tolerance to cyhalofop-butyl in E. japonica were identified. In vitro activity assays revealed that the cyhalofop-butyl concentration required to inhibit 50% of the acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) activity (IC50) was 6.22-fold higher in E. japonica than that in the cyhalofop-butyl-susceptible Chinese sprangletop [Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees]. However, mutations in the ACCase gene, previously found to endow target-site resistance in weeds, were not detected in the sequences obtained. Additionally, the expression level of genes encoding ACCase in E. japonica was found to be as similar to L. chinensis. Tolerance was reduced by two cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (Cyt P450s) inhibitors (1-aminobenzotriazole and piperonyl butoxide) and the activity of NADPH-dependent cytochrome P450 reductase in E. japonica was approximately 4.46-fold higher than that of L. chinensis after cyhalofop-butyl treatment. Taken together, it is concluded that two co-existing mechanisms, an insensitive target ACCase and an enhanced metabolism mediated by Cyt P450s, endow tolerance to cyhalofop-butyl in E. japonica.


Assuntos
Eragrostis , Oryza , Lagoas , Butanos , Nitrilas , Poaceae , Plantas Daninhas , NADPH-Ferri-Hemoproteína Redutase
12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468376

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework (MOF) materials are rich in active sites and have a high specific surface area, which make them potential electrode materials. In this work, a simple immersion method combined with a carbonization treatment process is applied to prepare MOF derived composite materials (CoNiO/PCNFs). Among them, cobalt-based MOFs (Co-MOFs) are selected as the precursor and doped with Ni atoms, and the ratio of Co and Ni is tailored to acquire a high-performance electrode. The electrochemical results show that when the ratio of Co to Ni is 2 : 2, the prepared CoNiO/PCNFs-2 electrode has high capacitance (912.4 F g-1 at 1 A g-1) and superior rate capability (retention is above 50% at 100 A g-1). Additionally, it is highly stable at 20 A g-1 (nearly no degradation after 6000 cycles). Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations indicate that the Ni doping models present lower formation energy and better -OH group adsorption properties. Moreover, the density of electronic state (DOS) and differential charge density distribution demonstrate that Ni doping effectively enhances the charge transport during the charging and discharging processes, which is beneficial to enhance the energy storage of the electrode materials. In conclusion, this work presents a strategy to design MOF-derived composite electrodes. The experimental tests and theoretical calculations explore the energy storage process and prove that the CoNiO/PCNF electrode materials have great potential for applications.

13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 888, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of breastfeeding for both mother and baby are well recognized. However, the separation of the mother-newborn dyad leads to a lower breastfeeding rate. These parturients who are separated from their hospitalized infants are sometimes unaware of the importance of breastfeeding, while nurses do know how important health education on breastfeeding is and how it can be improved. This descriptive qualitative study aimed to explore the experiences of nurses regarding health education on breastfeeding and summarize the potential ways to improve it. METHODS: A descriptive phenomenological qualitative approach was utilized in this study, and in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with nurses at a tertiary A-grade obstetrics-and gynecology-specialized hospital in Shanghai, China. The purposive and snowball sampling method was used and Colaizzi's seven-step phenomenological analysis was employed. The Consolidated criteria for Reporting Qualitative research (COREQ) was followed to report findings. RESULTS: Fifteen nurses participated in the study and shared their suggestions based on their experiences. Four overarching themes emerged from the data: (1) extending the education duration, (2) enriching the educational content, (3) expanding the education subjects, and (4) perfecting the educational process. Each theme included several subthemes. CONCLUSION: Health education on breastfeeding should focus on the time, content, subjects, and process as a whole. The nurses' statements provided a reference for nursing or hospital supervisors to take measures to improve education and increase the breastfeeding rate of hospitalized neonates. Further research from the perspectives of parturients and their family members is needed, to find out what the key points are that all of them attach importance to.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , China , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Mães
14.
Front Physiol ; 13: 1064584, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467691

RESUMO

Objective:Previous behavioral studies have reported the potential of transcranial alternating current stimulation in analyzing the causal relationship between neural activity and behavior. However, the efficacy of tACS on motor performance and learning in healthy individuals remains unclear. This systematic reviewexamines the effectiveness of tACS on motor performance and motor learning in healthy individuals. Methods: Literature was systematically searched through the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science until 16 October 2022. Studies were eligible for review if they were randomized, parallel, or crossover experimental designs and reported the efficacy of tACS on motor performance and motor learning in healthy adults. Review Manager 5.3 was used to evaluate the methodological quality and analyze the combined effect. Results: Ten studies (270 participants) met all the inclusion criteria. The results showed that motor performance was not significantly greater than that with sham tACS stimulation [I2 = 44%, 95% CI (-0.01, 0.35), p = 0.06, standardized mean difference = 0.17], whereas motor learning ability improved significantly [I2 = 33%, 95% CI (-1.03, -0.31), p = 0.0002, SMD = -0.67]. Subgroup analysis found that gamma bend tACS could affect the changes in motor performance (I2 = 6%, 95% CI (0.05, 0.51), p = 0.02, SMD = 0.28), and online tACS did as well [I2 = 54%, 95% CI (0.12, 0.56), p = 0.002, SMD = 0.34]. Conclusion: The results showed that tACS effectively improves motor performance (gamma band and online mode) and motor learning in healthy individuals, which indicates that tACS may be a potential therapeutic tool to improve motor behavioral outcomes. However, further evidence is needed to support these promising results. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO, identifier CRD42022342884.

15.
ACS Omega ; 7(47): 43045-43054, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467921

RESUMO

Using radix pueraria flavonoids (RPFs) as a reducing and stabilizing agent, we report a simple, cost-effective, and ecologically friendly green synthesis technique for gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in the present study. Ultraviolet-visible (UV) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) investigations were used to characterize the AuNPs. The results demonstrated that the produced AuNPs were nearly spherical and that their particle sizes had a mean diameter of 4.85 ± 0.75 nm. The "Green" AuNPs, exhibiting remarkable peroxidase-like activity and Michaelis-Menten kinetics with high affinity for H2O2 and 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), were effectively applied to the fabrication of a sensitive nonenzymatic enhanced electrochemical sensor for the detection of cholesterol (Cho). Under optimum circumstances, it was possible to establish two linear ranges of 1-100 and 250-5000 µmol/L with a detection limit of 0.259 µmol/L (signal/noise ratio (S/N) = 3). The suggested sensor was utilized with satisfactory findings to determine the amount of Cho in food samples.

16.
Environ Pollut ; 317: 120762, 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471548

RESUMO

Wheat grown in cadmium (Cd)-contaminated soils easily accumulates more Cd in edible parts than the Chinese safety limit (0.1 mg/kg). FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3 have been used to extract Cd from Cd-contaminated soils. Thus, we hypothesized that FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3, used as iron (Fe) fertilizers, can reduce Cd uptake and accumulation in wheat. Here, a hydroponic experiment was performed with three FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3 concentrations under 80 µM CdCl2 stress on dwarf Polish wheat (Triticum polonicum L., 2n = 4x = 28, AABB) seedlings. Compared with Fe deficiency, FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3 additions competitively reduced Cd concentrations. The reductions were not associated with changes in dry weight and root morphological parameters. FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3 additions reduced Cd concentrations in the following order from smallest to largest reduction: 25 µM Fe2(SO4)3 < 200 µM FeCl3 < 50 µM FeCl3 < 100 µM Fe2(SO4)3. Investigation of subcellular distributions showed that the four Fe fertilizers differentially reduced Cd binding in the root cell walls and enhanced root sucrose and trehalose. Cd chemical form analysis revealed that Fe fertilizer addition also differentially reduced root FE, FW, and FNaCl. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that addition of FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3 differentially up-regulated several genes that hydrolyze cell wall polysaccharides and metal transporter genes for Cd uptake (IRT1 and CAX19) and export (ZIP1, ABCG11, ABCG14, ABCG28, ABCG37, ABCG44, and ABCG48) reducing Cd uptake and accumulation. Our results demonstrated that FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3 can reduce Cd accumulation in wheat, and 50 µM FeCl3 is the most effective treatment.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(21): 5890-5899, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472008

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effect of ethoxysanguinarine(Eth) on cisplatin(DDP)-resistant human gastric cancer cells and decipher the underlying mechanism. The human gastric cancer cell line SGC7901 and the DDP-resistant cell line SGC7901/DDP were used as the cell models. Western blot was employed to determine the expression levels of multidrug resistance-related proteins, and methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay to detect the proliferation of SGC7901 and SGC7901/DDP cells exposed to DDP. After treatment with different concentrations of Eth, the proliferation of SGC7901 and SGC7901/DDP cells was detected by MTT assay, trypan blue exclusion assay, colony formation assay, and high-content imaging and analysis system. The apoptosis of SGC7901/DDP cells was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. GFP-LC3 transfection was carried out to detect the effect of Eth on the autophagy of SGC7901/DDP cells. The expression levels of the multidrug resistance-related protein P-glycoprotein(P-gp), the apoptosis-related proteins [caspase-9, caspase-3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase(PARP)], the autophagy-related protein light chain 3-Ⅱ(LC3-Ⅱ), the key effectors [mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR), 70 kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase(P70 S6 K), and 4 E binding protein 1(4 E-BP1)] of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1(mTORC1) signaling pathway, cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A(CIP2A), and protein kinase B(Akt) were measured by Western blot. The mRNA level of CIP2A in the SGC7901/DDP cells exposed to Eth for 24 h was analyzed by RT-qPCR. After SGC7901/DDP cells were transfected with CIP2A expression vector pcDNA3.1-HA-CIP2A and treated with different concentrations of Eth, MTT assay was used to determine the prolife-ration of SGC7901/DDP cells and Western blot to detect the expression levels of related proteins. The interaction sites of Eth and CIP2A were predicted by molecular docking. The affinity between Eth and CIP2A was determined by drug affinity responsive target stability(DARTS) assay. The pharmacokinetic properties and drug-like activity of Eth were predicted by SwissADME. The results indicated that SGC7901/DDP cells were more sensitive to Eth than SGC7901 cells. Eth significantly inhibited proliferation and colony formation and changed the morphology, roundness, and area of SGC7901/DDP cells. Eth treatment caused the nucleus shrinking and significantly increased the apoptosis rate of the cells. Furthermore, Eth down-regulated the expression of caspase-9 and caspase-3 precursors and promoted the cleavage of PARP, which suggested that Eth induced the apoptosis of SGC7901/DDP cells. The GFP-LC3 in Eth-treated cells showed speckled aggregation. The up-regulated expression of LC3-Ⅱ by Eth indicated that Eth activated the autophagy of SGC7901/DDP cells. Eth down-regulated the expression of P-gp, the phosphorylation of mTOR, P70 S6K, and 4E-BP1, the expression of CIP2A, and the phosphorylation of Akt. Additionally, it increased the activity of PP2A, and had no significant effect on the expression of CIP2A in SGC7901/DDP cells. CIP2A overexpression antagonized the inhibition of cell proliferation and the activation of autophagy by Eth. Molecular docking suggested that Eth bound to CIP2A. The results of DARTS assay further proved the above binding effect. Eth has potential drug-like activity. The above results demonstrated that Eth inhibited the proliferation, induced the apoptosis, and activated the autophagy of SGC7901/DDP cells by targeting CIP2A and then down-regulating PP2A/mTORC1 signaling pathway. This study provided a new target for the treatment of cisplatin-resistant gastric cancer.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e31523, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451486

RESUMO

To analyze the change trend of life expectancy, the change trend of premature death due to 4 major chronic diseases, and its impact on the life expectancy of Wuhai residents from 2015 to 2020, and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of chronic diseases in this area. The data on population death comes from the Wuhai City Residents' Causes of Death Network Reporting System and the total population is calculated using statistics from Wuhai City's permanent population management, from 2015 to 2020. Premature mortality from the 4 main chronic illnesses was calculated using the abridged life table approach. The impact of premature death from chronic diseases on life expectancy was analyzed using the Arriaga method. The increasing trend of life expectancy of Wuhai citizens was not statistically significant from 2015 to 2020 (t = 2.570, P = .062). Each year, men had a lower life expectancy than women (P < .05). From 2015 to 2020, the downward trend of premature deaths caused by the 4 major non-communicable diseases in Wuhai City was statistically significant (EAPC = -7.74%, P = .041). Premature death from cancer and chronic respiratory disorders decreased, both of which were statistically significant (EAPC < 0, P < .05). The decline in premature mortality from cancer, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disorders, and chronic respiratory system diseases has contributed to increased life expectancy. Diabetes's rise in premature mortality made a possible "negative contribution" to life expectancy (-0.036 years, -1.79%). From 2015 to 2020, the decreasing trend of the overall premature mortality caused by the 4 major non-communicable diseases in Wuhai was statistically significant, and the life expectancy of females was higher than that of males. We should concentrate on the prevention and control of major chronic illnesses in males, as well as the influence of changes in diabetes-related early mortality on life expectancy.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Prematura , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Doença Crônica , China/epidemiologia
19.
Front Chem ; 10: 1069816, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451930

RESUMO

Graphite carbon nitride (g-C3N4), as a polymer semiconductor photocatalyst, is widely used in the treatment of photocatalytic environmental pollution. In this work, a Z-scheme g-C3N4/Ag/AgBr heterojunction photocatalyst was prepared based on the preparation of a g-C3N4-based heterojunction via in-situ loading through photoreduction method. The g-C3N4/Ag/AgBr composite showed an excellent photocatalytic performance in the degradation of tetracycline hydrochloride pollutants. Among the prepared samples, g-C3N4/Ag/AgBr-8% showed the best photocatalytic ability for the degradation of tetracycline hydrochloride, whose photocatalytic degradation kinetic constant was 0.02764 min-1, which was 9.8 times that of g-C3N4, 2.4 times that of AgBr, and 1.9 times that of Ag/AgBr. In the photocatalytic process, •O2- and •OH are main active oxygen species involved in the degradation of organic pollutants. The photocatalytic mechanism of g-C3N4/Ag/AgBr is mainly through the formation of Z-scheme heterojunctions, which not only effectively improves the separation efficiency of photogenerated electron-hole pairs, but also maintains the oxidation and reduction capability of AgBr and g-C3N4, respectively.

20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 972280, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452947

RESUMO

Background: The increasing worldwide incidence of nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD) and the similarity of its manifestations to those of tuberculosis (TB) pose huge challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of NTM-LD, which is commonly misdiagnosed and mistreated as TB. Proper diagnosis and treatment at an early stage can greatly improve patient outcomes. Case presentation: Mycobacterium avium was identified by mNGS in lung tissue of case 1 and bronchioalveolar fluid from case 2 that was not identified using conventional microbiological methods. Multiple NTM species were detected in the blood mNGS samples from case 3 who had disseminated NTM infection. Although NTM was isolated from blood culture, conventional methods failed to identify the organisms to the level of species. All three patients were suffering from and being treated for myelodysplastic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or acute lymphoblastic leukemia, making them immunosuppressed and susceptible to NTM infections. Case 1 and Case 2 significantly improved after anti-NTM treatment, but case 3 succumbed to the infection due to her underlying medical illness despite aggressive treatment. Conclusions: The cases in this study demonstrate the effectiveness of mNGS in facilitating and improving the clinical diagnosis of NTM infections. We propose combining mNGS with traditional diagnostic methods to identify pathogens at the early stages of the disease so that targeted treatment can be implemented.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas , Humanos , Feminino , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas/genética , Técnicas Microbiológicas , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
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