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1.
Virus Res ; 275: 197791, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628980

RESUMO

Human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3) fuses the viral envelope with the host cell membrane through the concerted action of the fusion (F) protein and the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN). Upon HN binding to sialic acid (SA), the F protein in a metastable prefusion form is activated to undergo a series of structural rearrangements into a stable postfusion form to actuate the fusion between membranes. Various domains of F protein of some other paramyxoviruses, including HPIV3, have been reported to be differently functional. However, it is not yet clear what roles HRB linker plays. To clarify the roles that HRB linker might play in the F-mediated membrane fusion process, here we examined the effects of mutations introduced into the HRB linker of HPIV3 F protein. Six Single amino acid mutants, three chimeric mutants, and one deletion mutant were obtained and analyzed for membrane fusion activity and cell surface expression. The results showed that the membrane fusion activity of mutants changed to varying degrees in comparison with wild-type (wt) F, and some mutants even forfeited fusogenicity absolutely. It is indicated that the HRB linker domain plays an important role in the F-mediated membrane fusion process.

2.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 499: 110612, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604124

RESUMO

Studies in vivo have suggested the involvement of CREB-regulated transcription coactivator (CRTC)2 on ACTH-induced transcription of the key steroidogenic protein, Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory (StAR). The present study uses two ACTH-responsive adrenocortical cell lines, to examine the role of CRTC on Star transcription. Here we show that ACTH-induced Star primary transcript, or heteronuclear RNA (hnRNA), parallels rapid increases in nuclear levels of the 3 isoforms of CRTC; CRTC1, CRTC2 and CRTC3. Furthermore, ACTH promotes recruitment of CRTC2 and CRTC3 by the Star promoter and siRNA knockdown of either CRTC3 or CRTC2 attenuates the increases in ACTH-induced Star hnRNA. Using pharmacological inhibitors of PKA, MAP kinase and calcineurin, we show that the effects of ACTH on Star transcription and CRTC nuclear translocation depend predominantly on the PKA pathway. The data provides evidence that CRTC2 and CRTC3, contribute to activation of Star transcription by ACTH, and that PKA/CRTC-dependent pathways are part of the multifactorial mechanisms regulating Star transcription.

3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2069: 95-102, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523768

RESUMO

Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) has been successfully used to differentiate and trace the bacterial species and pathogens that cause outbreaks or epidemics of infectious diseases. MLST provides a powerful solution for molecular epidemiological characterization of bacterial strains, including Staphylococcus aureus, by using the sequences of the internal region of seven housekeeping genes. In previous studies, we utilized MLST to analyze the genotypes of S. aureus isolates from pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis and revealed three prevalent ST types, including ST5, ST30, and ST8 in these isolates. In this chapter, we describe a detailed procedure of MLST for genotyping S. aureus.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 247: 112213, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562951

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Historical literature and pharmacological studies demonstrate that ginseng, one of the most popular herbal medicines in China, holds potential benefits for Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM OF THE STUDY: Studies in Drosophila melanogaster (Dm) have highlighted mitochondrial dysfunction upon loss of PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) as a central mechanism of PD pathogenesis. Using PINK1B9 mutant Dm, we aimed to explore the therapeutic action of ginseng total protein (GTP) on PD and provide in-depth scientific interpretation about the traditional efficacy of ginseng. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We first used gel chromatography to purify GTP and confirmed its molecular weight by SDS-PAGE. Effects of GTP on PINK1B9 mutants, which were supplied with standard diet from larvae to adult stages, were assayed in flies aged 3-6 (I), 10-15 (II), and 20-25 (III) days. Parkinson-like phenotypes were analyzed by evaluating lifespan, dopaminergic neurons, dopamine levels, and locomotor ability. Mitochondrial function was assessed by evaluating ATP production, respirometry, and mitochondrial DNA. In addition, reactive oxygen species were measured using dihydroethidium and 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate staining. PD-related oxidative stress was simulated by paraquat and rotenone, and mitochondrial membrane potential was measured using JC-10 reagent. Protein and mRNA expression was detected by Western blot and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, respectively. RESULTS: This study demonstrates for the first time that GTP treatment delays the onset of a Parkinson-like phenotype in PINK1B9 Dm, including prolongation of lifespan and rescue of climbing ability, as well as rescue of the progressive loss of a cluster of dopaminergic neurons in the protocerebral posterior lateral 1 region, which was accompanied by a significant increase of dopamine content in the brain. In addition, GTP notably reduced the penetrance of abnormal wing position, indicating a strong inhibitory effect on indirect flight muscle degeneration. We further showed that GTP could promote maintenance of mitochondrial function and protect mitochondria from PD-associated oxidative stress by activating the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt). CONCLUSIONS: GTP protected against mitochondrial dysfunction and neurodegeneration by inducing UPRmt in the Dm PINK1B9 model of PD. Our results suggest that GTP is a promising candidate for PD, and reveal a new mechanism by which ginseng is neuroprotective.

5.
Glia ; 68(1): 161-177, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453649

RESUMO

Schwann cell (SC)-specific monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) knockout mice were generated by mating MCT1 f/f mice with myelin protein zero (P0)-Cre mice. P0-Cre+/- , MCT1 f/f mice have no detectable early developmental defects, but develop hypomyelination and reduced conduction velocity in sensory, but not motor, peripheral nerves during maturation and aging. Furthermore, reduced mechanical sensitivity is evident in aged P0-Cre+/- , MCT1 f/f mice. MCT1 deletion in SCs impairs both their glycolytic and mitochondrial functions, leading to altered lipid metabolism of triacylglycerides, diacylglycerides, and sphingomyelin, decreased expression of myelin-associated glycoprotein, and increased expression of c-Jun and p75-neurotrophin receptor, suggesting a regression of SCs to a less mature developmental state. Taken together, our results define the contribution of SC MCT1 to both SC metabolism and peripheral nerve maturation and aging.

6.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 932-943, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236965

RESUMO

Histone demethylase KDM7A regulates neuronal differentiation and development in mammals. In this study, we found that KDM7A was also required for breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) maintenance. Silencing KDM7A significantly reduced the BCSCs population and mamosphere formation in vitro, and inhibited breast tumor growth in vivo. Restoring KDM7A expression rescued the defect in stem cell maintenance. Our mechanism analysis suggested that KDM7A upregulated the stemness-associated factors KLF4 and c-MYC for BCSCs maintenance. In addition, KDM7A knockdown promoted apoptosis through decreasing BCL2 expression and BAD phosphorylation in breast cancer (BrCa). Furthermore, restoring KDM7A and BCL2 expression rescued apoptosis inhibition in breast cancer, suggesting that KDM7A inhibited apoptosis by upregulating the BCL2 level in breast cancer. In conclusion, KDM7A promotes cancer stem cell maintenance and apoptosis inhibition in breast cancer.

7.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2047: 363-375, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552665

RESUMO

The dynamic expression pattern analysis provides the primary information of gene function. Differences of the RNA and/or protein location will provide valuable information for gene expression regulation. Generally, in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) are two main techniques to visualize the locations of gene transcripts and protein products in situ, respectively. Here we describe the protocol for the whole brain dissection, the in situ hybridization, and the immunostaining of the developing Xenopus brain sections. Additionally, we point out the modification of in situ hybridization for microRNA expression detection.

8.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 224-230, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism and its association with multiple myeloma (MM) development. METHODS: The peripheral blood of 40 MM cases and 84 healthy controls were collected. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing were applied to detect VDR gene polymorphism (including: FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI). SHESIS biological information software was used to analyze genotypes, alleles, linkage disequilibrium (LD), haplotype distribution, and their association with MM. RESULTS: Compared with controls, the MM group had a significantly higher frequency of the A allele in BsmI site (8.7% vs 2.4%) and C allele in the TaqI site (10.5% vs 3.6%). These two alleles were closely associated with an increased risk of MM (P = .025; P = .030). The highly rare genotypes (BsmI-AA and TaqI-CC) were found in one patient with MM. CONCLUSION: VDR gene polymorphisms may be a molecular marker of MM risk.

9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109668, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766103

RESUMO

Velvet antler is one of the most important animal medicines or functional foods widely used in East Asia for many centuries, which has several biological activities including anti-ageing and health promotion. To date, the mechanism underlying these effects of velvet antler is widely studied by its protein or polypeptide components. Few studies have been reported for the function of the other components in velvet antler. Herein, C. elegans is used as the model animal to dissect how none protein components of velvet antler affect in vivo oxidative stress. Methanol extracts (MEs) from velvet antler which has few protein components extends the maximum lifespan of C. elegans compared to the control under oxidative stress, while water extracts (WEs) which is protein-rich component has no apparent function. The activity of MEs is mediated by clk-1 signaling pathway, but not via daf-2, eat-2 or glp-1 pathway. Further investigations show MEs decrease endogenous ROS by promoting SKN-1 nuclei translocation, subsequently up-regulating the expression of its target genes gst-4, gst-7 and gst-10 in C. elegans. In all, MEs, the none protein components of velvet antler, protects against oxidative stress in C. elegans, which indicates it might be a product with potential of being a curative medicine.

10.
Mol Carcinog ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793078

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in the regulation of gene expression in different physiological and pathological processes. These macromolecules can act as microRNA (miRNA) sponges and play an important role as gene regulators throughout the circRNA-miRNA pathway. In this study, we established a radioresistance model with the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-2, and then analyzed the differences in the circRNAs between radioresistant and normal nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines using a high-throughput microarray. Tested circRNAs included 1042 upregulated and 1558 downregulated circRNAs. Relevant signaling pathways associated with the circRNAs and their target miRNAs were analyzed using bioinformatics analysis to determine the radioresistance of the differentially expressed circRNAs. Curcumin was used to treat irradiated cell lines, and changes in the circRNA before and after curcumin treatment were analyzed to investigate the radiosensitization effects of curcumin. The results showed that curcumin could regulate the circRNA-miRNA-messenger RNA network and inhibit the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3), and growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2) to achieve radiosensitization. Thus, circRNA acted as a miRNA sponge and regulated the expression of miRNA, thereby affecting EGFR, STAT3, and GRB2 expression and radiosensitization.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785807

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of Notch1 signaling frequently occurs in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Notch1 activation causes release of intracellular Notch1 (ICN1, the activated form of Notch1) from cell membrane to cytoplasm. As a transcription factor, ICN1 must be transferred into nucleus and bind to the promoters of its downstream target genes. E3 ubiquitin ligase induces ICN1 degradation in cytoplasm, which blocks ICN1 transfer into the nucleus. Flavone is a natural plant polyphenol, demonstrated to have anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo in breast and colon cancers. However, the effects of flavone on leukemia have not been reported. In this study, we demonstrated that flavone inhibited cell proliferation by down-regulating Notch1 signal pathway in CCRF-CEM and Molt-4 T-ALL cells. Flavone-mediated upregulation of c-Cbl level results in the increase in its interaction with ICN1, further caused ICN1 ubiquitinylation and degradation. Knockdown of c-Cbl reversed flavone-induced down-regulation of ICN1 and inhibition of cell proliferation in T-ALL cells. In short, this study indicated that flavone exerted resistance to T-ALL by promoting c-Cbl-induced ubiquitinylation and degradation of ICN1.

12.
BMC Neurol ; 19(1): 309, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the online modulation of motor speech in Parkinson's disease (PD) have not been determined. Moreover, medical and rehabilitation interventions for PD-associated motor speech disorder (MSD) have a poor long-term prognosis. METHODS: To compare risk factors in PD patients with MSD to those without MSD (non-MSD) and determine predictive independent risk factors correlated with the MSD phenotype, we enrolled 314 PD patients, including 250 with and 64 without MSD. We compared demographic, characteristic data, as well as PD-associated evaluations between the MSD group and non-MSD group. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that demographic characteristics, including occupation, educational level, monthly income and speaking background; clinical characteristics, including lesions in the frontal and temporal lobes, and concurrent dysphagia; and PD-associated evaluations, including the activity of daily living (ADL) score, non-motor symptoms scale (NMSS) domain 4 score (perceptual problem), and NMSS domain 5 score (attention/memory) were all significantly different between the MSD and non-MSD group (all P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that educational level, frontal lesions, and NMSS domain 5 score (attention/memory) were independent risk factors for PD-associated MSD (all P < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: We determined an association between MSD phenotype and cognitive impairment, reflected by low-level education and related clinical profiles. Moreover, attention and memory dysfunction may play key roles in the progression of MSD in PD patients. Further studies are required to detail the mechanism underlying abnormal speech motor modulation in PD patients. Early cognitive intervention may enhance rehabilitation management and motor speech function in patients with PD-associated MSD.

13.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1171, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Luminal B cancers show much worse outcomes compared to luminal A. This present study aims to screen key lncRNAs and mRNAs correlated with luminal-B breast cancer. METHODS: Luminal-B breast cancer tissue samples and adjacent tissue samples were obtained from 4 patients with luminal-B breast cancer. To obtain differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNAs) and lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) between luminal-B breast cancer tumor tissues and adjacent tissues, RNA-sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were performed. Functional annotation of DEmRNAs and protein-protein interaction networks (PPI) construction were performed. DEmRNAs transcribed within a 100 kb window up- or down-stream of DElncRNAs were searched, which were defined as cis nearby-targeted DEmRNAs of DElncRNAs. DElncRNA-DEmRNA co-expression networks were performed. The mRNA and lncRNA expression profiles were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to validate the expression patterns of selected DEmRNAs and DElncRNAs. RESULTS: A total of 1178 DEmRNAs and 273 DElncRNAs between luminal-B breast cancer tumor tissues and adjacent tissues were obtained. Hematopoietic cell lineage, Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) and Primary immunodeficiency were significantly enriched KEGG pathways in luminal-B breast cancer. FN1, EGFR, JAK3, TUBB3 and PTPRC were five hub proteins of the PPI networks. A total of 99 DElncRNAs-nearby-targeted DEmRNA pairs and 1878 DElncRNA-DEmRNA co-expression pairs were obtained. Gene expression results validated in TCGA database were consistent with our RNA-sequencing results, generally. CONCLUSION: This study determined key genes and lncRNAs involved in luminal-B breast cancer, which expected to present a new avenue for the diagnosis and treatment of luminal-B breast cancer.

14.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796886

RESUMO

Blocking p53 ubiquitination through disrupting its interaction with MDM2 or inhibiting the MDM2 catalytic activity is the central mechanism by which the tumor suppressor p53 is activated in response to genotoxic challenges. Although MDM2 is first characterized as the major E3 ubiquitin ligase for p53, it can also catalyze the conjugation of ubiquitin moieties to other proteins (e.g., activating transcription factor 3, or ATF3). Here we report that ATF3 can act as an ubiquitin "trap" and competes with p53 for MDM2-mediated ubiquitination. While ATF3-mediated p53 stabilization required ATF3 binding to the MDM2 RING domain, we demonstrated that ATF3 ubiquitination catalyzed by MDM2 was indispensable for p53 activation in response to DNA damage. Moreover, a cancer-derived ATF3 mutant (R88G) devoid of ubiquitination failed to prevent p53 from MDM2-mediated degradation and thus was unable to activate the tumor suppressor. Therefore, we have identified a previously-unknown mechanism that can activate p53 in the genotoxic response.

15.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797174

RESUMO

Light is a key environmental parameter known to influence fish throughout various stages of their life, from embryonic development to sexually mature adults. In a recent study, the effects of different light conditions on the growth of Dicentrarchus labrax larvae were investigated using light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as a light source. Here, pathological examinations were carried out to assess whether variations in light affected the visual system of the larvae, including any negative impacts on the retina or the growth rate. Although light did not affect the total thickness (TT) of the retina, the thickness of the retinal pigment epithelium layer (PRE), photoreceptor layer (PRos/is), outer nuclear layer (ONL), and inner nuclear layer (INL), and the PRE/TT and ONL/TT ratios were all significantly higher in larvae exposed to blue light than in larvae exposed to white light. Additionally, the thickness of PRE and the outer nuclear layer and the RPE/TT and ONL/TT ratios of larvae exposed to 2.0 W m-2 were significantly lower than in larvae exposed to 0.3 W m-2. By contrast, the INL/TT ratio in larvae exposed to 2.0 W m-2 was significantly higher than in larvae exposed to 0.3 W m-2. Additionally, the INL and ganglion cell layer nuclei density of larvae exposed to 2.0 W m-2 were significantly higher than in those exposed to 0.3 W m-2 (p < 0.05). Transmission electron microscopy revealed different levels of abnormalities in the photoreceptor layers in all treatment groups. Considering the growth of the larvae, the results of the study suggest that continuous LED exposure induced damage to photoreceptor cells but was not relevant to the growth performance of D. labrax larvae. Moreover, the results obtained here also support the high plasticity of retinal development in response to altered environmental light conditions.

16.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797760

RESUMO

Pyrola (Pyrolaceae), also known as Luxiancao/in China, was recorded in Sheng Nong's Herbal Classic listed in top grade. Pyrola herbs were used as medicinal plants for a long history with wide-ranging activities of nourishing kidney-yang, strengthening muscles and bones, activating blood, stopping bleeding, dispelling rheumatism, eliminating dampness. Currently, the research on Pyrola plants is increasing year by year but there is no comprehensive and detailed review concerning genus Pyrola. This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about botany and traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and safety by analyzing the information available on Pyrola plants via internationally accepted scientific databases. Collectively, more than 100 compounds have been isolated from the Pyrola plants. What's more, a total of 33 prescriptions containing Pyrola plants are compiled in this review. Pyrola plants are used as indispensable agents in traditional Chinese medicine due to its activities of antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, lipid-lowering, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection, proliferation of osteoblasts promoting, antineoplastic and etc. Further work should be developed on the elucidation of structure-function relationship, understanding of multi-target pharmacological effects, as well as developing its application both in clinical usage and functional food for research and development of Pyrola plants.

17.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 202: 111718, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790883

RESUMO

Metallic nanoparticles were extensively examined to explore their impending exploitations over pharmaceutical purposes. Current work attempting to explores the cytotoxic capacity of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles besides to human melanoma cell line (A375). Viability of cells was resoluted, and the promising cytotoxicity potential was exhibited by zinc oxide nanoparticles. Cellular adhesion and morphology was determined by propidium iodide assay. Characterization studies like UV-Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) investigation, transmission electron microscope (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) Spec, and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) examination confirms the accessibility of measurement, form and volume. The mRNA expression of apoptotic genes like caspase 3, 8 and 9 was elevated followed by the exposure to ZnO nanoparticles and it was narrowly proved that ZnO nanoparticles stimulates the apoptotic cell necrosis at the transcriptional stage. Cardiospermum halicacabum down regulated the apoptotic gene expressions. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation was augmented at concentration reliant mode, that changed normalize numerous indicator pathways and manipulate the kinetic cellular actions. ZnO nanoparticle synthesized Cardiospermum halicacabum might persuades programmed cell necrosis via elevated ROS levels in cells. CH-ZnONPs was further stimulates the markers of apoptosis and aggravates necrosis of cancerous cells, toxicity to cells, and accretion of ROS. With sourced on above whole data, this might accomplished that CH-ZnONPs amalgamated Cardiospermum halicacabum appreciably possessed a toxicity to human melanoma cells (A375) via provoking the apoptotic cell necrosis, entailed feasible efficacy of CH-ZnONPs besides malignancy management.

18.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 146: 392-402, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794899

RESUMO

Tea cultivars with leaf color variation have attracted increasing attention in tea production and research due to their unusual appearances and appealing flavors. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this variation is little known due to the unavailability of genetic transformation and a highly complex genome. Here, a natural tea plant mutant producing pale green branches (pgb) was discovered and characterized. Ultrastructural and biochemical analyses showed that the leaves of the pgb mutant had defective chloroplast structure and significantly lower pigment content than the normal control. Comprehensive expression detection of chloroplast-development-related genes further indicated that a significant downregulation of CsGLKs in the pgb mutant likely caused the chloroplast defect. Transcriptome analyses and polyphenolic compound determination highlighted a tight correlation between photosynthesis and secondary metabolite biosynthesis in tea plant. These results provide useful information illuminating the mechanism of chloroplast development and leaf color variation in tea plant.

19.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-5, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801404

RESUMO

Background: Broadband light (BBL) is one of the intense pulsed light. BBL treatment for nonablative, noninvasive skin tightening and rejuvenation reportedly elicits satisfactory clinical outcomes. Up until now, self-controlled case series with objective evaluation of efficacy of facial pores in response to BBL treatment have not been reported. We aimed to assess its safety and efficacy on enlarged facial pores by objective measuring technique.Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of BBL on the appearance of facial pores.Methods: 25 patients received five treatments with BBL at 2-week intervals. One split-face was treated by BBL, another split-face was untreated as a control. Objective measurements of the quantitative number of pores were calculated with a VISIA-CR imaging system. Skin elasticity, transepidermal water loss, skin sebum excretion, and skin surface hydration values were also evaluated by using an Elastimeter, Vapometer, Sebumscale, and Moisturemeter.Results: Pretreatment, the total average number of facial pores was 835.88 and 835.68 for BBL-treated facial sides and untreated facial sides, respectively (p = .993). These values were 801.44 and 811.8, respectively, 2 months after the final treatment (p = .606). There were no long-term side effects.Conclusion: BBL seems to be a safe and mildly effective approach to reduce detectable pores.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) not only occurs during embryonic development, but also contributes to various diseases including cardiovascular diseases, fibrosis, and even cancer. However, the specific molecular biological mechanism and relationship of related pathways have not been fully elucidated. This study aims to explore the inhibitory effect of HGF on EndMT and the molecular mechanism of Notch signal in this process. METHOD: HUVECs were treated with TGF-ß1 and/or HGF for 72 hours. Expression levels of EndMT markers and the key transcriptional regulators of Notch signaling pathway were assessed by qRT-PCR and western blotting. C-Met expression was measured by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: CD31 was downregulated and α-SMA, FSP1 upregulated during TGF-ß1-induced EndMT. HGF treatment significantly attenuates the development of TGF-ß1-induced EndMT through down-regulating the signal transduction of the Notch signal pathway. CONCLUSION: This study proves that HGF treatment significantly attenuates the development of TGF-ß1-induced EndMT through inhibiting the Notch signaling, which may provide new theoretical basis for the treatment of vascular diseases and numerous fibrotic diseases caused by EndMT.

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