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1.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842926

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) Fe3Sn2, which is a room-temperature ferromagnetic kagome metal, has potential applications in spintronic devices. However, the systematic synthesis and magnetic study of 2D Fe3Sn2 single crystals have rarely been reported. Here we have synthesized 2D hexagonal and triangular Fe3Sn2 nanosheets by controlling the amount of FeCl2 precursors in the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. It is found that the hexagonal Fe3Sn2 nanosheets exist with Fe vacancy defects and show no obvious coercivity. While the triangular Fe3Sn2 nanosheet has obvious hysteresis loops at room temperature, its coercivity first increases and then remains stable with an increase in temperature, which should result from the competition of the thermal activation mechanism and spin direction rotation mechanism. A first-principles calculation study shows that the Fe vacancy defects in Fe3Sn2 can increase the distances between Fe atoms and weaken the ferromagnetism of Fe3Sn2. The resulting 2D Fe3Sn2 nanosheets provide a new choice for spintronic devices.

2.
J Clin Tuberc Other Mycobact Dis ; 36: 100453, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872871

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of selected exosomal miRNAs for Tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV). Methods: A total of 43 adult HIV patients, including 20 diagnosed with TB and 23 controls, were enrolled. The levels of six exosomal miRNAs (miR-20a, miR-20b, miR-26a, miR-106a, miR-191, and miR-486) were measured using qRT-PCR. Results: The levels of these six exosomal miRNAs (miR-20a, miR-20b, miR-26a, miR-106a, miR-191, and miR-486) were significantly higher in the plasma of TB patients compared to controls among PLHIV. The Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve of these six miRNAs showed a fair performance in distinguishing TB patients from controls, with Area Under Curve (AUC) values of 0.78 (95 %CI 0.63-0.93), 0.81 (95 %CI 0.67-0.95), 0.77 (95 %CI 0.61-0.93), 0.84 (95 %CI 0.70-0.98), 0.82 (95 %CI 0.68-0.95) and 0.79 (95 %CI 0.65-0.93), respectively. These miRNAs showed higher AUC values for extrapulmonary tuberculosis compared to pulmonary tuberculosis. An analysis of subgroups was performed based on CD4 + T cell count (<200 and ≥ 200 cells·µL-1). In the high CD4 count group, all these six exosomal miRNAs appeared to have higher AUC values compared to the low CD4 count group. Conclusions: These six exosomal miRNAs could serve as potential biomarkers for diagnosing TB among PLHIV.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1368244, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873427

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the drug safety of three Transthyretin (TTR) inhibitors in the real world using the United States Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. Methods: This study extracted reports received by the FAERS database from the first quarter of 2018 to the third quarter of 2023 for descriptive analysis and disproportionality analysis. Safety signal mining was conducted at the Preferred Term (PT) level and the System Organ Class (SOC) level using reporting odds ratio (ROR). The characteristics of the time-to-onset curves were analyzed using the Weibull Shape Parameter (WSP). The cumulative incidence of TTR inhibitors was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on whether the reporter was a medical professional. Results: A total of 3,459 reports of adverse events (AEs) caused by TTR inhibitors as the primary suspect (PS) drug were extracted. The top three reported AEs for patisiran were fatigue, asthenia, and fall, with the most unexpectedly strong association being nonspecific reaction. The top three reported AEs for vutrisiran were fall, pain in extremity and malaise, with the most unexpectedly strong association being subdural haematoma. The top three reported AEs for inotersen were platelet count decreased, blood creatinine increased, and fatigue, with the most unexpectedly strong association being blood albumin decreased. Vitamin A decreased, arthralgia, and dyspnea were the same AEs mentioned in the drug labels of all three drugs, while malaise and asthenia were the same unexpected significant signals. This study offers evidence of the variability in the onset time characteristics of AEs associated with TTR inhibitors, as well as evidence of differences in adverse event reporting between medical professionals and non-medical professionals. Conclusion: In summary, we compared the similarities and differences in drug safety of three TTR inhibitors in the real world using the FAERS database. The results indicate that not only do these three drugs share common AEs, but they also exhibit differences in drug safety profiles. This study contributes to enhancing the understanding of medical professionals regarding the safety of TTR inhibitors.

4.
New Phytol ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877698

RESUMO

Phytophthora parasitica causes diseases on a broad range of host plants. It secretes numerous effectors to suppress plant immunity. However, only a few virulence effectors in P. parasitica have been characterized. Here, we highlight that PpE18, a conserved RXLR effector in P. parasitica, was a virulence factor and suppresses Nicotiana benthamiana immunity. Utilizing luciferase complementation, co-immunoprecipitation, and GST pull-down assays, we determined that PpE18 targeted NbAPX3-1, a peroxisome membrane-associated ascorbate peroxidase with reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging activity and positively regulates plant immunity in N. benthamiana. We show that the ROS-scavenging activity of NbAPX3-1 was critical for its immune function and was hindered by the binding of PpE18. The interaction between PpE18 and NbAPX3-1 resulted in an elevation of ROS levels in the peroxisome. Moreover, we discovered that the ankyrin repeat-containing protein NbANKr2 acted as a positive immune regulator, interacting with both NbAPX3-1 and PpE18. NbANKr2 was required for NbAPX3-1-mediated disease resistance. PpE18 competitively interfered with the interaction between NbAPX3-1 and NbANKr2, thereby weakening plant resistance. Our results reveal an effective counter-defense mechanism by which P. parasitica employed effector PpE18 to suppress host cellular defense, by suppressing biochemical activity and disturbing immune function of NbAPX3-1 during infection.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872241

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: The study included two fresh-frozen cadavers. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the positional relationship between surgical instruments and nerve roots during full endoscopic facet-sparing (FE fs-TLIF) and facet-resecting (FE fr-TLIF) lumbar interbody fusion and propose safe instrumentation insertion procedures and recommend cage glider designs aimed at protecting nerve roots. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Endoscopic surgical techniques are increasingly used for minimally invasive lumbar fusion surgery with FE fr-TLIF and FE fs-TLIF being common approaches. However, the risk of nerve root injury remains a significant concern during these procedures. METHODS: Eight experienced endoscopic spine surgeons performed uniportal FE fr-TLIF and FE fs-TLIF on cadaveric lumbar spines, totaling 16 surgeries. Post-operation, soft tissues were removed to assess the positional relationship between the cage entry point and nerve roots. Distances between the cage entry point, traversing nerve root, and exiting nerve root were measured. Safe instrumentation design and insertion procedures were determined. RESULTS: In FE fr-TLIF, the mean distance between the cage entry point and traversing nerve root was significantly shorter compared to FE fs-TLIF (3.30±1.35 mm vs. 8.58±2.47 mm, respectively; P<0.0001). Conversely, the mean distance between the cage entry point and the exiting nerve root was significantly shorter in FE fs-TLIF compared to FE fr-TLIF (3.73±1.97 mm vs. 6.90±1.36 mm, respectively; P<0.0001). For FE fr-TLIF, prioritizing the protection of the traversing root using a two-bevel tip cage glider was crucial. In contrast, for FE fs-TLIF, a single-bevel tip cage glider placed in the caudal location was recommended. CONCLUSION: This study elucidates the anatomical relationship between cage entry points and nerve roots in uniportal endoscopic lumbar fusion surgery. Protection strategies should prioritize the traversing root in FE fr-TLIF and the exiting root in FE fs-TLIF, with corresponding variations in surgical techniques. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V.

6.
Biosci Trends ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866487

RESUMO

Population aging is a global concern, and Japan currently has the world's highest proportion of an aging population. In 2020, the population age 65 and over accounted for 10% of the global population, while this proportion was 29% in Japan, and it is expected to reach 38.4% in 2065. The average life expectancy in Japan in 2022 was 81.05 for males and 87.09 for females. At the same time, Japan's healthy life expectancy continues to increase, and it is increasing at a faster rate than the average life expectancy, with males expected to live 72.68 years and females expected to live 75.38 years in 2019. This is causing the social role of elderly people in Japan to constantly change. The Japanese Government continues to adjust its policy orientation, to improve the health level and social participation of the elderly, improve the accessibility of long-term nursing services and the treatment of nursing professionals, and improve the pension system. By 2025, one-fifth of people in Japan are expected to suffer from dementia. Japan has implemented a series of policies to create a dementia-inclusive and less risky society. The proportion of the population ages 65 and over living alone in Japan increased from 4.3% among males and from 11.2% among females in 1980 to 15.0% among males and 22.1% among females in 2020, representing a sustained increase. Changes in the composition of the population have prompted sustained attention to the personalization and diversification of elderly care. At the same time, Japanese researchers continue to utilize scientific and information technology to innovate elderly care products, improve the efficiency of elderly care, and provide intelligent elderly care.

7.
Small ; : e2400498, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863125

RESUMO

Sodium-ion battery (SIB) is a candidate for the stationary energy storage systems because of the low cost and high abundance of sodium. However, the energy density and lifespan of SIBs suffer severely from the irreversible consumption of the Na-ions for the formation of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer and other side reactions on the electrodes. Here, Na3.5C6O6 is proposed as an air-stable high-efficiency sacrificial additive in the cathode to compensate for the lost sodium. It is characteristic of low desodiation (oxidation) potential (3.4-3.6 V vs. Na+/Na) and high irreversible desodiation capacity (theoretically 378 mAh g-1). The feasibility of using Na3.5C6O6 as a sodium compensation additive is verified with the improved electrochemical performances of a Na2/3Ni1/3Mn1/3Ti1/3O2ǀǀhard carbon cells and cells using other cathode materials. In addition, the structure of Na3.5C6O6 and its desodiation path are also clarified on the basis of comprehensive physical characterizations and the density functional theory (DFT) calculations. This additive decomposes completely to supply abundant Na ions during the initial charge without leaving any electrochemically inert species in the cathode. Its decomposition product C6O6 enters the carbonate electrolyte without bringing any detectable negative effects. These findings open a new avenue for elevating the energy density and/or prolonging the lifetime of the high-energy-density secondary batteries.

8.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38864413

RESUMO

Perovskite monocrystalline films are regarded as desirable candidates for the integration of high-performance optoelectronics due to their unique photophysical properties. However, the heterogeneous integration of a perovskite monocrystalline film with other semiconductors is fundamentally limited by the lattice mismatch, which hinders direct epitaxy. Herein, the van der Waals (vdW) integration strategy for 3D perovskites is developed, where perovskite monocrystalline films are epitaxially grown on the mother substrate, followed by its peeling off and transferring to arbitrary semiconductors, forming monocrystalline heterojunctions. The as-achieved CsPbBr3-Nb-doped SrTiO3 (Nb:STO) vdW p-n heterojunction exhibited comparable performance to their directly epitaxial counterpart, demonstrating the feasibility of vdW integration for 3D perovskites. Furthermore, the vdW integration could be extended to silicon substrates, rendering the CsPbBr3-n-Si and CsPbCl3-p-Si p-n heterojunction with apparent rectification behaviors and photoresponse. The vdW integration significantly enriches the selections of semiconductors hybridizing with perovskites and provides opportunities for monocrystalline perovskite optoelectronics with complex configurations and multiple functionalities.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 333: 118416, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848975

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Artemisia rupestris L. (AR) is a traditional medicinal herb commonly used in the Uyghurs and Kazakhs; it was first documented in the Supplement to Compendium of Materia Medica written by Zhao Xuemin in the Qing Dynasty of China and is used clinically to treat colds, hepatitis, and allergic diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: The material basis and mechanisms of AR in acute liver injury (ALI) remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to reveal the possible active components involved in liver protection in AR and to preliminarily explore their pharmacological mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chemical composition of the ethanolic extract (ARA) was identified by UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS and confirmed by 32 reference standards. The pharmacodynamic results were utilized to screen the active part within the ARA that contribute to the amelioration of CCl4/ConA-induced ALI. The main active components and core targets were predicted by network pharmacology and verified by molecular docking combined with qPCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: A total of 131 chemical components were identified in the ARA. The extraction parts of ARA had different therapeutic effects on ALI, among which the dichloromethane extract (ARA-D), which might constitute the main effective fraction of ARA, had significant anti-ALI effects. The network pharmacology results showed that targets including PIK3R1, AKT1, and EGFR, as well as 7 compounds, such as artemetin, vitexicarpin and rupestonic acid may play pivotal roles in treating CCl4/ConA-induced ALI. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses revealed that the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway was the main pathway involved. In each model, ARA-D dose-dependently reduced the increase in ALT levels. High-dose ARA-D markedly decreased ALT activity from 196.79 ± 24.82 to 66.37 ± 16.19 U/L in the CCl4 model group and from 178.00 ± 28.39 to 50.67 ± 7.39 U/L in the ConA model group. Further studies revealed that ARA-D significantly inhibited TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 expression and inhibited the protein expression of PI3K, p-PI3K, and p-AKT in CCl4/ConA-induced ALI. CONCLUSION: ARA-D exhibits protective effects against ALI induced by CCl4/ConA, potentially through inhibition of the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. These findings may help to determine the material basis and mechanisms of action of ARA-D for liver protection and provide ideas for future comprehensive studies.

10.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 211: 111382, 2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843622

RESUMO

Beryllium-7 (7Be) was created by proton irradiation of natural (natB) and enriched (10B) boron targets. The targets were dissolved in nitric acid, and the 7Be was separated from the bulk boron target material by cation-exchange chromatography. An average recovery of (99.4 ± 3.7)% was obtained for 6 separations. The purified 7Be sample was placed into a batch-mode ion source to create a 7Be beam that was delivered at an average rate of 5 × 105 pps to end users at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory.

11.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 688, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multicenter non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient data is information-rich. However, its direct integration becomes exceptionally challenging due to constraints involving different healthcare organizations and regulations. Traditional centralized machine learning methods require centralizing these sensitive medical data for training, posing risks of patient privacy leakage and data security issues. In this context, federated learning (FL) has attracted much attention as a distributed machine learning framework. It effectively addresses this contradiction by preserving data locally, conducting local model training, and aggregating model parameters. This approach enables the utilization of multicenter data with maximum benefit while ensuring privacy safeguards. Based on pre-radiotherapy planning target volume images of NSCLC patients, a multicenter treatment response prediction model is designed by FL for predicting the probability of remission of NSCLC patients. This approach ensures medical data privacy, high prediction accuracy and computing efficiency, offering valuable insights for clinical decision-making. METHODS: We retrospectively collected CT images from 245 NSCLC patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CRT) in four Chinese hospitals. In a simulation environment, we compared the performance of the centralized deep learning (DL) model with that of the FL model using data from two sites. Additionally, due to the unavailability of data from one hospital, we established a real-world FL model using data from three sites. Assessments were conducted using measures such as accuracy, receiver operating characteristic curve, and confusion matrices. RESULTS: The model's prediction performance obtained using FL methods outperforms that of traditional centralized learning methods. In the comparative experiment, the DL model achieves an AUC of 0.718/0.695, while the FL model demonstrates an AUC of 0.725/0.689, with real-world FL model achieving an AUC of 0.698/0.672. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that the performance of a FL predictive model, developed by combining convolutional neural networks (CNNs) with data from multiple medical centers, is comparable to that of a traditional DL model obtained through centralized training. It can efficiently predict CRT treatment response in NSCLC patients while preserving privacy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aprendizado Profundo , Idoso , Aprendizado de Máquina , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos
12.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heat stress (HS) has been shown to affect reproductive performance and muscle development negatively in animals. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) plays a pivotal role in enhancing the antioxidant performance in animals as a recognized antioxidant. The present study assesses the potential of NAC to modulate the reproductive performance and antioxidant function in pregnant mice exposed to HS. The role of NAC in muscle development of offspring mice was also explored. RESULTS: The results showed that NAC supplementation from day 12 to day 18 of gestation increased the number of litters and enhanced the antioxidant function in pregnant mice under HS exposure. It improved the weight and body condition significantly in the offspring mice (P < 0.05). The alleviation of HS-induced muscle impairment with NAC was consistent with the alleviation of apoptosis, the enrichment of the proliferation and differentiation in the offspring mice muscle. N-Acetylcysteine also reversed HS-induced reduction in the cross-sectional area of the leg muscle and increased the proportion of myosin heavy chain IIx (MYHCIIx) in the muscle fiber. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study support the use of NAC at a dose of 100 mg kg-1 body weight as supplement for protecting the offspring derived from pregnant mice exposed to HS from muscle impairment by accelerating proliferation and differentiation. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

13.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833360

RESUMO

Side-effect of life-long immunosuppressants (IS) administration is a major obstacle for the long-term survival of pediatric liver transplantation (LT) recipients. Immunotolerance is the status that recipients discontinued IS with normal liver function and intrahepatic histology. So far, only a few clinical parameters were identified related with tolerance but failed to accurately discriminate tolerant recipients in clinical practice. Here we aimed to provide a comprehensive view of pre- and post-LT risk factors associated with the achievement of tolerance after pediatric LT and established a tolerance predictive nomogram (ITPLT) with high accuracy and specificity. We enrolled 2228 pediatric recipients who received LT in XX Hospital between October 2006 and December 2020. All participants survived over 3 years after transplantation with comprehensive and intact medical history and follow-up data. They were randomly assigned to training and validation cohorts in accordance with a ratio of 1:1. Univariate and multivariable Logistic regression were used to identify clinical factors associated with post-LT immune tolerance and establish a predictive model. The model was further validated in an independent external validation cohort from YY Hospital. Among all participants, 6% recipients successfully tapered IS with intact allograft function. The most common reason for IS discontinuity was pneumonia. Univariate analysis identified 15 clinical factors associated with tolerance achievement, including age at LT, follow-up time, preoperative total bilirubin, creatinine, INR, CYP polymorphism, types of transplantation, massive postoperative ascites, episodes of acute rejection, and the severity of EBV and CMV infection. Using multivariable Logistic regression, we established the predictive ITPLT model for post-LT tolerance, which included seven easily accessible clinical factors (age at LT, CYP3A5 genotype, types of transplantation, post-LT massive ascites, preoperative INR, creatinine, and total bilirubin levels). Then we visualized the model using nomogram. The c-statistics for predicting tolerance achievement in the training, internal validation, and external validation cohorts were 0.854, 0.787, and 0.746 respectively. Multiple pre- and post-LT clinical factors affected the process of immune remodeling after pediatric liver transplantation. The predictive ITPLT model, composed of seven easily accessible clinical factors, could comprehensively reveal the effect of these clinical parameters on immune remodeling and accurately identify tolerant recipients after pediatric LT. The application of ITPLT could facilitate the individualized IS strategy in the future.

14.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is the most efficient treatment for pediatric patients with end-stage liver diseases, while bacterial infection is the leading reason for posttransplant mortality. The present study is to explore the outcomes and risk factors of early bacterial infection (within 1 mo) after pediatric LT. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 1316 pediatric recipients (median [IQR] age: 9.1 [6.3-28.0] months; male: 48.0%; median [IQR] follow-up time: 40.6 [29.1-51.4] months) who received LT from September 2018 to April 2022 were included. Bacterial culture samples such as sputum, abdominal drainage, blood and so on were collected when recipients were presented with infective symptoms. Kaplan-Meier analysis was applied to estimate the long-term survival rates and logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors. To explore the role of pretransplant rectal swab culture (RSC) in reducing posttransplant bacterial infection rate, 188 infant LT recipients (median [IQR] age: 6.8 [5.5-8.1] months; male: 50.5%) from May 2022 to September 2023 were included. Log-binomial regression was used to measure the association of pretransplant RSC screening and posttransplant bacterial infection. The "Expectation Maximization" algorithm was used to impute the missing data. RESULTS: Bacterial infection was the primary cause for early (38.9%) and overall mortality (35.6%) after pediatric LT. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed inferior 1- and 5-year survival rates for recipients with posttransplant bacterial infection (92.6% vs. 97.1%, 91.8% vs. 96.4% respectively; P<0.001). Among all detected bacteria, Staphylococcus spp. (34.3%) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococci (43.2%) were the dominant species and multi-drug resistant organisms, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed that infant recipients (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.49; 95% CI, 1.01-2.20), male recipients (aOR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.08-1.89), high graft-to-recipient weight ratio (aOR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.17-2.30), positive posttransplant RSC (aOR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.04-2.02) and nasopharyngeal swab culture (aOR 2.46; 95% CI, 1.72-3.52) were independent risk factors for early bacterial infection. Furthermore, RSC screening and antibiotic prophylaxis before transplantation could result in a relatively lower posttransplant infection rate, albeit without statistical significance (adjusted RR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.25-1.16). CONCLUSION: In this cohort study, posttransplant bacterial infection resulted in an inferior long-term patient survival rate. The five identified independent risk factors for posttransplant bacterial infection could guide the prophylaxis strategy of posttransplant bacterial infection in the future. Additionally, pretransplant RSC might decrease posttransplant bacterial infection rate.

15.
16.
Anal Biochem ; 693: 115584, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843975

RESUMO

Using the amino acid sequences and analysis of selected known structures of Bt Cry toxins, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1Ah, Cry1B, Cry1C and Cry1F we specifically designed immunogens. After antibodies selection, broad-spectrum polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) and monoclonal antibody (namely 1A0-mAb) were obtained from rabbit and mouse, respectively. The produced pAbs displayed broad spectrum activity by recognizing Cry1 toxin, Cry2Aa, Cry2Ab and Cry3Aa with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 0.12-9.86 µg/mL. Similarly, 1A0-mAb showed broad spectrum activity, recognizing all of the above Cry protein (IC50 values of 4.66-20.46 µg/mL) with the exception of Cry2Aa. Using optimizations studies, 1A10-mAb was used as a capture antibody and pAbs as detection antibody. Double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (DAS-ELISAs) were established for Cry1 toxin, Cry2Ab and Cry3Aa with the limit of detection (LOD) values of 2.36-36.37 ng/mL, respectively. The present DAS-ELISAs had good accuracy and precisions for the determination of Cry toxin spiked tap water, corn, rice, soybeans and soil samples. In conclusion, the present study has successfully obtained broad-spectrum pAbs and mAb. Furthermore, the generated pAbs- and mAb-based DAS-ELISAs protocol can potentially be used for the broad-spectrum monitoring of eight common subtypes of Bt Cry toxins residues in food and environmental samples.

17.
Int J Pharm ; 659: 124295, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823469

RESUMO

Opioids are powerful analgesics; however, their significant systemic adverse effects and the need for frequent administration restrict their use. Nalbuphine (NA) is a κ-agonist narcotic with limited adverse effects, but needs to be frequently administrated due to its short elimination half-life. Whereas sebacoyl dinalbuphine ester (SDE) is a NA prodrug, which can effectively prolong the analgesic effect, but lacks immediate pain relief. Therefore, in this study, a rapid and sustained local delivery formulation to introduce NA and SDE directly into surgical sites was developed. An amphiphilic nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) poloxamer 407 (P407) gel (NLC-Gel) was developed to permit concurrent delivery of hydrophobic SDE from the NLC core and hydrophilic NA from P407, offering a dual rapid and prolonged analgesic effect. Benefiting from the thermal-sensitive characteristic of P407, the formulation can be injected in liquid phase and instantly transit into gel at wound site. NLC-Gel properties, including particle size, drug release, rheology, and stability, were assessed. In vivo evaluation using a rat spinal surgery model highlighted the effect of the formulation through pain behavior test and hematology analysis. NLC-Gels demonstrated an analgesic effect comparable with that of commercial intramuscular injected SDE formulation (IM SDE), with only 15 % of the drug dosage. The inclusion of supplemental NA in the exterior gel (PA12-Gel + NA) provided rapid drug onset owing to swift NA dispersion, addressing acute pain within hours along with prolonged analgesic effects. Our findings suggest that this amphiphilic formulation significantly enhanced postoperative pain management in terms of safety and efficacy.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Portadores de Fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Géis , Nalbufina , Dor Pós-Operatória , Poloxâmero , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nalbufina/administração & dosagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Masculino , Poloxâmero/química , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Ratos , Lipídeos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Nanoestruturas/administração & dosagem , Nanoestruturas/química , Ésteres/química
19.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38885458

RESUMO

The metal-semiconductor interface fabricated by conventional methods often suffers from contamination, degrading transport performance. Herein, we propose a one-pot chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process to create a two-dimensional (2D) MoO2-MoSe2 heterostructure by growing MoO2 seeds under a hydrogen environment, followed by depositing MoSe2 on the surface and periphery. The ultraclean interface is verified by cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence. Along with the high work function of semimetallic MoO2 (Ef = -5.6 eV), a high-rectification Schottky diode is fabricated based on this heterostructure. Furthermore, the Schottky diode exhibits an excellent photovoltaic effect with a high open-circuit voltage of 0.26 eV and ultrafast photoresponse, owing to the naturally formed metal-semiconductor contact with suppressed pinning effect. Our method paves the way for the fabrication of an ultraclean 2D metal-semiconductor interface, without defects or contamination, offering promising prospects for future nanoelectronics.

20.
Oncoimmunology ; 13(1): 2367777, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38887372

RESUMO

T lymphocytes expressing CD57 and lacking costimulatory receptors CD27/CD28 have been reported to accumulate with aging, chronic infection, and cancer. These cells are described as senescent, with inability to proliferate but enhanced cytolytic and cytokine-producing capacity. However, robust functional studies on these cells taken directly from cancer patients are lacking. We isolated these T cells and their CD27/28+ counterparts from blood and tumor samples of 50 patients with previously untreated head and neck cancer. Functional studies confirmed that these cells have enhanced ability to degranulate and produce IFN-γ. They also retain the ability to proliferate, thus are not senescent. These data suggest that CD27/28-CD57+ CD8+ T cells are a subset of highly differentiated, CD45RA+ effector memory (TEMRA) cells with retained proliferative capacity. Patients with > 34% of these cells among CD8+ T cells in the blood had a higher rate of locoregional disease relapse, suggesting these cells may have prognostic significance.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD28 , Antígenos CD57 , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Senescência Celular , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Humanos , Antígenos CD28/metabolismo , Antígenos CD57/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Idoso , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Senescência Celular/imunologia , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Adulto , Proliferação de Células , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
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