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1.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(5): 3717-3730, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720853

RESUMO

Background: Accurate preoperative diagnosis of endometrial cancer (EC) with deep myometrial invasion (DMI) is critical to deciding whether to perform lymphadenectomy. However, the presence of adenomyosis makes distinguishing DMI from superficial myometrial invasion (SMI) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) challenging. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in diagnosing DMI in EC coexisting with adenomyosis (EC-A) compared with EC without coexisting adenomyosis and to evaluate the effect of different adenomyosis subtypes on myometrial invasion (MI) depth in EC. Methods: Patients with histologically confirmed International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I EC who underwent preoperative MRI were consecutively included in this 2-center retrospective study. Institution 1 was searched from January 2017 to November 2022 and institution 2 was searched from June 2017 to March 2021. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group A, patients with EC-A; group B, EC patients without coexisting adenomyosis, matched 1:2 according to age ±5 years and tumor grade. A senior radiologist assessed the MRI adenomyosis classification in group A. Then, 2 radiologists (R1/R2) independently interpreted T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), T1-weighted contrast-enhanced (T1CE), and a combination of all images (mpMRI) respectively, and then assessed MI depth. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and the areas under the receiver operating curve (AUC) were calculated. The chi-square test was used to compare the accuracy of diagnosing DMI. Interobserver agreement was evaluated using the Kappa test. Results: A total of 70 cases in group A and 140 cases in group B were included. The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of consensus were 94.3% [95% confidence interval (CI): 88.9-99.7%] vs. 92.1% (95% CI: 87.7-96.6%), 60.0% (95% CI: 17-92.7%) vs. 86.7% (95% CI: 68.4-95.6%), and 96.9% (95% CI: 88.4-95.5%) vs. 93.6% (95% CI: 86.8-97.2%) (group A vs. group B, respectively). There was no significant difference in the diagnostic accuracy of DMI on each sequence between the groups (Reviewer 1/Reviewer 2): PT2WI=0.14/0.17, PDWI=0.50/0.33, PT1CE=0.90/0.18, PmpMRI=0.50/0.37. The AUC for T2WI, DWI, T1CE, and mpMRI (Reviewer 1/Reviewer 2), respectively, were 0.54 (95% CI: 0.42-0.66)/0.78 (95% CI: 0.67-0.87), 0.63 (95% CI: 0.50-0.74)/0.77 (95% CI: 0.65-0.86), 0.69 (95% CI: 0.57-0.80)/0.79 (95% CI: 0.68-0.88), and 0.91 (95% CI: 0.82-0.97)/0.89 (95% CI: 0.79-0.95) (group A) and 0.83 (95% CI: 0.76-0.89)/0.85 (95% CI: 0.78-0.90), 0.83 (95% CI: 0.76-0.89)/0.86 (95% CI: 0.79-0.91), 0.88 (95% CI: 0.82-0.93)/0.86 (95% CI: 0.80-0.92), and 0.91 (95% CI: 0.85-0.95)/0.87 (95% CI: 0.80-0.92) (group B). Interobserver agreement was highest with mpMRI [κ=0.387/0.695 (case/control)]. The consensus results of MRI categorization of adenomyosis revealed no significant difference in the accuracy of diagnosing DMI by adenomyosis subtype (Pspatial relationship>0.99, Paffected area=0.52, Paffected pattern=0.58, Paffected size>0.99). Conclusions: The presence of adenomyosis or adenomyosis subtype had no significant effect on the interpretation of the depth of MI. T1CE can increase the contrast between adenomyosis and cancer foci; therefore, the information provided by T1CE should be valued.

2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1372692, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720884

RESUMO

Background: The tertiary lymphatic structure (TLS) is an important component of the tumor immune microenvironment and has important significance in patient prognosis and response to immune therapy. However, the underlying mechanism of TLS in soft tissue sarcoma remains unclear. Methods: A total of 256 RNAseq and 7 single-cell sequencing samples were collected from TCGA-SARC and GSE212527 cohorts. Based on published TLS-related gene sets, four TLS scores were established by GSVA algorithm. The immune cell infiltration was calculated via TIMER2.0 and "MCPcounter" algorithms. In addition, the univariate, LASSO, and multivariate-Cox analyses were used to select TLS-related and prognosis-significant hub genes. Single-cell sequencing dataset, clinical immunohistochemical, and cell experiments were utilized to validate the hub genes. Results: In this study, four TLS-related scores were identified, and the total-gene TLS score more accurately reflected the infiltration level of TLS in STS. We further established two hub genes (DUSP9 and TNFSF14) prognosis markers and risk scores associated with soft tissue sarcoma prognosis and immune therapy response. Flow cytometry analysis showed that the amount of CD3, CD8, CD19, and CD11c positive immune cell infiltration in the tumor tissue dedifferentiated liposarcoma patients was significantly higher than that of liposarcoma patients. Cytological experiments showed that soft tissue sarcoma cell lines overexpressing TNFSF14 could inhibit the proliferation and migration of sarcoma cells. Conclusion: This study systematically explored the TLS and related genes from the perspectives of bioinformatics, clinical features and cytology experiments. The total-gene TLS score, risk score and TNFSF14 hub gene may be useful biomarkers for predicting the prognosis and immunotherapy efficacy of soft tissue sarcoma.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Imunoterapia , Sarcoma , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Sarcoma/genética , Sarcoma/terapia , Sarcoma/imunologia , Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Feminino , Masculino , Membro 14 da Superfamília de Ligantes de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Análise de Célula Única
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743553

RESUMO

We propose a self-supervised approach for 3D dynamic reconstruction of articulated motions based on Generative Adversarial Networks and Neural Radiance Fields. Our method reconstructs articulated objects and recover their continuous motions and attributes from an unordered, discontinuous image set. Notably, we treat motion states as time-independent, recognizing that articulated objects can exhibit identical motions at different times. The key insight of our approach utilizes generative adversarial networks to create a continuous implicit motion state space. Initially, we employ a motion network extracts discrete motion states from images as anchors. These anchors are then expanded across the latent space using generative adversarial networks. Subsequently, motion state latent codes are input into motion-aware neural radiance fields for dynamic appearance and geometry reconstruction. To deduce motion attributes from the continuously generated motions, we adopt a cluster-based strategy. We thoroughly evaluate and validate our method on both synthesized and real data, demonstrating superior fidelity in appearances, geometries, and motion attributes of articulated objects compared to state-of-the-art methods.

4.
Foods ; 13(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731685

RESUMO

Walnuts play a positive role in human health due to their large amounts of unsaturated fatty acids, whereas lipid oxidation can easily occur during storage. Herein, three natural antioxidants (epicatechin, sesamol, and myricetin) were added to the composite film cross-linked with chitosan and soy protein peptide, and the antioxidant film appropriate for the preservation of walnut kernels from Juglans sigillata was screened to improve the storage quality of walnuts. The results showed that three antioxidant films could all enhance the storage performance of walnut kernels, with sesamol being the best. The characterization of antioxidant film cross-linked with chitosan and soy protein peptide containing sesamol (C/S-ses film) revealed that the composite film improved the slow release and stability of sesamol; in addition, the presence of sesamol could effectively reduce the light transmittance and water vapor permeability of the composite film, together with significantly enhancing the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, resulting in an effective prolongation of the storage period of walnut kernels. These findings indicated that C/S-ses possess excellent potential for retarding the oxidative rancidity of unsaturated fatty acids and will provide an effective strategy for the preservation of walnut kernels.

5.
Physiol Mol Biol Plants ; 30(4): 619-631, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737324

RESUMO

Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Rchb.f., a medicinal plant in the Orchidaceae family, is mainly found in East Asia and has extensive pharmacological activities. Plant's volatile components are important active ingredients with a wide range of physiological activities, and B. striata has a special odor and unique volatile components. Yet it has received little attention, hindering a full understanding of its phytochemical components. Employing the ultrasonic-assisted extraction method, the volatile components of B. striata's fibrous root, bud, aerial part and tuber were extracted, resulting in yields of 0.06%, 0.64%, 3.38% and 4.47%, respectively. A total of 78 compounds were identified from their chemical profiles using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), including 45 components with the main compounds of linoleic acid (content accounting for 31.23%), n-hexadecanoic acid (13.53%), and octadecanoic acid (9.5%) from the tuber, 34 components with the main compounds of eicosane, 2-methyl- (28.42%), linoelaidic acid (10.43%), linoleic acid (4.53%), and n-hexadecanoic acid (6.91%) from the fibrous root, 38 components with the main compounds of pentadeca-6,9-dien-1-ol (9.29%), n-hexadecanoic acid (11%), eicosane,2-methyl- (23.43%), and linoleic acid (23.53%) from the bud, and 27 components with the main compounds of linoelaidic acid (5.97%), n-hexadecanoic acid (15.99%), and linolenic acid ethyl ester (18.9%) from the aerial part. Additionally, the growth inhibition activity against colon cancer HCT116 cells was evaluated using sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay and the thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined using dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) staining and fluorescence intensity analysis. The volatile extracts exhibited significant growth inhibitory efficacy against HCT116 cells, with half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 3.65, 2.32, 2.42 and 3.89 mg/mL in the SRB assay, and 3.55, 2.58, 3.12 and 4.80 mg/mL in the MTT assay for the root, bud, aerial part, and tuber, respectively. Notably, treatment with the aerial part extract caused morphological changes in the cells and significantly raised the intracellular ROS level. In summary, the chemical profiles of the volatile components of B. striata were revealed for the first time, demonstrating a certain tissue specificity. Additionally, it demonstrated for the first time that these volatile extracts possess potent anti-colon cancer activity, highlighting the importance of these volatile components in B. striata's medicinal properties.

6.
J Clin Transl Endocrinol ; 36: 100347, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737627

RESUMO

Objective: Hyperglycemia in individuals with diabetes is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, little is known about its association with those without diabetes. Our goal was to investigate the association between glycemic indicators and CKD in individuals without diabetes. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 9610 participants without diabetes who participated in the Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2005 and 2016. Exposures included postprandial glucose dip (PGD), fasting blood glucose (FBG), oral glucose tolerance test two-hour blood glucose (OGTT-2HBG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) levels. Moreover, CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate below 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 or a urinary albumin-creatinine ratio of ≥ 30 mg/g. Two multivariate models were constructed. Interaction effects were also explored. Results: The mean age of the participants was 46.0 years, with 50.3 % being females. The prevalence of CKD was 12.6 %. In the final multivariable models, the odds ratios (ORs) for CKD were 1.51 (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.22,1.88, p < 0.001) for participants in the highest quartile of PGD,1.46 (95 %CI: 1.13,1.87, p = 0.004) for OGTT-2HBG, and 1.33 (95 %CI: 1.04,1.70, p = 0.020) for HbA1C, when compared with the quartile 1. No significant association was observed between FBG levels and CKD in the final model. Additionally, interactions were observed between PGD and body mass index, as well as between PGD and alcohol consumption in relation to CKD. Conclusion: The study identified that high levels of PGD, OGTT-2HBG, and HBA1C were significantly associated with a high prevalence of CKD in individuals without diabetes.

7.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30344, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726112

RESUMO

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a widespread health issue in many countries, which has an extremely negative impact on the health of children and adolescents in particular. In the context of depression and metabolic disorders, dyslipidemia and metabolism-related problems become more prominent comorbidities. However, they continue to be the main barrier to the successful recovery of the clinical progress. In this study we investigated the rate of dyslipidemia, additional risk factors among Chinese children and adolescents with MDD, and association of the suicidal behavior with lipid levels. Methods: The study took 756 people from the Third People's Hospital of Fuyang between January 2020 and December 2021, aged between 8 and 18, with major depressive disorders diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). We determined the FBG (fasting blood glucose) and lipid parameters in all subjects and also investigated the history of suicidal ideation, the cases of attempted suicide, and the scores of depressive symptoms. Sociodemographic and clinical data were gathered and analyzed using the SPSS-23.0 version. Results: The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, high LDL-C, and low HDL-C were 5.42 % (41/756), 10.58 % (80/756), 3.84 % (29/756) and 5.42 % (41/756) respectively. For hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, they were positive associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, and the positive correlation is shown between low HDL-C levels and suicide attempts. Nevertheless, non-ideation and inversely suicidal attempts were not discovered among high-LDL-C subjects. Logistic analysis showed that high levels of FBG (OR = 2.86, 95 % CI: 1.31-6.25, P = 0.008) and worse LDL-C (OR = 357.82, 95 % CI: 66.16-1935.10, P < 0.001) are the independent associated factors for hypercholesterolemia. More hospitalizations (OR = 1.89, 95 % CI: 1.07-3.35, P = 0.028), obesity (OR = 2.55, 95 % CI: 1.25-5.18, P = 0.010), high levels of TC (OR = 2.15, 95 % CI: 1.03-4.48, P = 0.042), and higher doses of antidepressants (OR = 1.02, 95 % CI: 1.00-1.04, P = 0.029) were independently associated factors for hypertriglyceridemia, while high levels of HDL-C (OR = 0.11, 95 % CI: 0.04-0.31, P < 0.001) were protective factors. In addition, high levels of TC (OR = 113.94, 95 % CI: 20.01-648.85) were statistically different (P < 0.001) and suggested that the factor was significantly related to high LDL-C. Meanwhile, older age (OR = 1.25, 95 % CI: 1.02-1.52, P = 0.030) and high levels of TG (OR = 3.00, 95 % CI: 1.98-4.55, P < 0.001) were independent factors contributing to low HDL-C. Conclusion: The high prevalence of dyslipidemia in childhood and adolescence among children and adolescents with depressive disorder has become a public health issue. Hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia showed a positive correlation with suicidal thoughts and suicidal attempts. Monitoring the incidence of suicidal thoughts and attempts among them would carry some predictor meaning in therapy and for jumping back to health.

8.
iScience ; 27(5): 109764, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726368

RESUMO

High salt can induce cardiac damage. The aim of this present study was to explore the effect and the mechanism of microRNA (miR)-142-3p on the cardiac fibrosis induced by high salt. Rats received high salt diet to induce cardiac fibrosis in vivo, and neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts (NRCF) treated with sodium chloride (NaCl) to induce fibrosis in vitro. The fibrosis and mitochondrial autophagy levels were increased the heart and NRCF treated with NaCl, which were alleviated by miR-142-3p upregulation. The fibrosis and mitochondrial autophagy levels were elevated in NRCF after treating with miR-142-3p antagomiR. Optineurin (OPTN) expression was increased in the mitochondria of NRCF induced by NaCl, which was attenuated by miR-142-3p agomiR. OPTN downregulation inhibited the increases of fibrosis and mitochondrial autophagy levels induced by NaCl in NRCF. These results miR-142-3p could alleviate high salt-induced cardiac fibrosis via downregulation of OPTN to reduce mitophagy.

9.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; : 100783, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729610

RESUMO

High myopia is a leading cause of blindness worldwide, among which pathologic myopia, characterized by typical myopic macular degeneration, is the most detrimental. However, its pathogenesis remains largely unknown. Here, using an HuProt array, we first initiated a serological autoantibody profiling of high myopia and identified 18 potential autoantibodies, of which anti-LIMS1 autoantibody was validated by a customized focused microarray. Further subgroup analysis revealed its actual relevance to pathologic myopia, rather than simple high myopia without myopic macular degeneration. Mechanistically, anti-LIMS1 autoantibody predominantly belonged to IgG1/IgG2/IgG3 subclasses. Serum IgG obtained from patients with pathologic myopia could disrupt the barrier function of retinal pigment epithelial cells via cytoskeleton disorganization and tight junction component reduction, and also trigger a pro-inflammatory mediator cascade in retinal pigment epithelial cells, which were all attenuated by depletion of anti-LIMS1 autoantibody. Together, these data uncover a previously unrecognized autoimmune etiology of myopic macular degeneration in pathologic myopia.

10.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 84: 127447, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of GDM and T2DM are closely related to various metals in vivo, and changes in the concentration of these metal exposures can lead to neuropathy through the DNA damage pathway caused by the accumulation of ROS. METHOD: Urine samples were analyzed for heavy metals and trace elements by ICP-MS, neurotransmitter metabolites by HPLC, 8-OH-dG by HPLC-MS and metabolomics by UPLC-MS. RESULT: Cd and Hg were risk factors for T2DM. There was a positive correlation between 8-OH-dG and neurotransmitter metabolites in both two populations. For GDM, the metabolite with the largest down-regulation effect was desloratadine and the largest up-regulation effect was D-glycine. That tyrosine and carbon metabolites were upregulated in the GDM population and downregulated in the T2DM population. CONCLUSION: The BMI, urinary Cd and Hg endo-exposure levels correlated with elevated blood glucose, and the latter may cause changes in the DNA damage marker 8-OH-dG in both study populations and trigger common responses to neurological alterations changes in the neurotransmitter. Tyrosine, carbonin metabolites, alanine, aspartate, and glutamate were signature metabolites that were altered in both study populations. These indicators and markers have clinical implications for monitoring and prevention of neurological injury in patients with GDM and T2DM.

11.
Brief Bioinform ; 25(3)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770719

RESUMO

Recent advances in cancer immunotherapy have highlighted the potential of neoantigen-based vaccines. However, the design of such vaccines is hindered by the possibility of weak binding affinity between the peptides and the patient's specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles, which may not elicit a robust adaptive immune response. Triggering cross-immunity by utilizing peptide mutations that have enhanced binding affinity to target HLA molecules, while preserving their homology with the original one, can be a promising avenue for neoantigen vaccine design. In this study, we introduced UltraMutate, a novel algorithm that combines Reinforcement Learning and Monte Carlo Tree Search, which identifies peptide mutations that not only exhibit enhanced binding affinities to target HLA molecules but also retains a high degree of homology with the original neoantigen. UltraMutate outperformed existing state-of-the-art methods in identifying affinity-enhancing mutations in an independent test set consisting of 3660 peptide-HLA pairs. UltraMutate further showed its applicability in the design of peptide vaccines for Human Papillomavirus and Human Cytomegalovirus, demonstrating its potential as a promising tool in the advancement of personalized immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Vacinas Anticâncer , Método de Monte Carlo , Humanos , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/genética , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Antígenos HLA/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Mutação
12.
Biomater Adv ; 161: 213899, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772133

RESUMO

Large bone defects, particularly those exceeding the critical size, present a clinical challenge due to the limited regenerative capacity of bone tissue. Traditional treatments like autografts and allografts are constrained by donor availability, immune rejection, and mechanical performance. This study aimed to develop an effective solution by designing gradient gyroid scaffolds with titania (TiO2) surface modification for the repair of large segmental bone defects. The scaffolds were engineered to balance mechanical strength with the necessary internal space to promote new bone formation and nutrient exchange. A gradient design of the scaffold was optimized through Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations to enhance fluid flow and cell adhesion. In vivo studies in rabbits demonstrated that the G@TiO2 scaffold, featuring a gradient structure and TiO2 surface modification, exhibited superior healing capabilities compared to the homogeneous structure and TiO2 surface modification (H@TiO2) and gradient structure (G) scaffolds. At 12 weeks post-operation, in a bone defect representing nearly 30 % of the total length of the radius, the implantation of the G@TiO2 scaffold achieved a 27 % bone volume to tissue volume (BV/TV) ratio, demonstrating excellent osseointegration. The TiO2 surface modification provided photothermal antibacterial effects, enhancing the scaffold's biocompatibility and potential for infection prevention. These findings suggest that the gradient gyroid scaffold with TiO2 surface modification is a promising candidate for treating large segmental bone defects, offering a combination of mechanical strength, bioactivity, and infection resistance.

13.
Neuroscience ; 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697463

RESUMO

Chronic inflammatory pain is the highest priority for people with osteoarthritis when seeking medical attention. Despite the availability of NSAIDs and glucocorticoids, central sensitization and peripheral sensitization make pain increasingly difficult to control. Previous studies have identified the ubiquitination system as an important role in the chronic inflammatory pain. Our study displayed that the E3 ubiquitin ligase tripartite motif-containing 14 (Trim14) was abnormally elevated in the serum of patients with osteoarthritis and pain, and the degree of pain was positively correlated with the degree of Trim14 elevation. Furthermore, CFA-induced inflammatory pain rat model showed that Trim14 was significantly increased in the L3-5 spinal dorsal horn (SDH) and dorsal root ganglion (DRG), and in turn the inhibitor of nuclear factor Kappa-B isoform α (IκBα) was decreased after Trim14 elevation. After intrathecal injection of Trim14 siRNA to inhibit Trim14 expression, IκBα expression was reversed and increased, and the pain behaviors and anxiety behaviors of rats were significantly relieved. Overall, these findings suggested that Trim14 may contribute to chronic inflammatory pain by degrading IκBα, and that Trim14 may become a novel therapeutic target for chronic inflammatory pain.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 133: 112145, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691920

RESUMO

Treatment strategies for paediatric neuroblastoma as well as many other cancers are limited by the unfavourable tumour microenvironment (TME). In this study, the TMEs of neuroblastoma were grouped by their genetic signatures into four distinct subtypes: immune enriched, immune desert, non-proliferative and fibrotic. An Immune Score and a Proliferation Score were constructed based on the molecular features of the subtypes to quantify the immune microenvironment or malignancy degree of cancer cells in neuroblastoma, respectively. The Immune Score correlated with a patient's response to immunotherapy; the Proliferation Score was an independent prognostic biomarker for neuroblastoma and proved to be more accurate than the existing clinical predictors. This double scoring system was further validated and the conserved molecular pattern associated with immune landscape and malignancy degree was confirmed. Axitinib and BI-2536 were confirmed as candidate drugs for neuroblastoma by the double scoring system. Both in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrated that axitinib-induced pyroptosis of neuroblastoma cells activated anti-tumour immunity and inhibited tumour growth; BI-2536 induced cell cycle arrest at the S phase in neuroblastoma cells. The comprehensive double scoring system of neuroblastoma may predict prognosis and screen for therapeutic strategies which could provide personalized treatments.


Assuntos
Axitinibe , Imunoterapia , Neuroblastoma , Microambiente Tumoral , Neuroblastoma/imunologia , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Neuroblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Prognóstico , Animais , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Axitinibe/uso terapêutico , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Camundongos , Lactente , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
RSC Adv ; 14(23): 15987-15993, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765478

RESUMO

The type of self-assembled structure has a significant impact on the ionic conductivity of block copolymer or liquid crystalline (LC) ion conductors. In this study, we focus on the effect of self-assembled structures on the ionic conductivity of a non-block copolymer, LC ion conductor, which is a mixture of an azobenzene monomer (NbAzo), pentaerythritol tetre(3-mercapropionate) (PETMP), and a lithium salt, lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (LiTFSI). The self-assembled structures and ionic conductivities of ion conductors having different doping ratios of lithium salt to monomer were examined. With the increase in the doping ratio, the self-assembled structure transforms from lamellae (LAM) to double gyroid (GYR). The effect of self-assembled structure on ionic conductivity was analyzed; it was found that the conductivity of the GYR structure was about 3.6 times that of the LAM one, indicating that obtaining the GYR structure is more effective in improving ionic conductivity.

16.
World J Diabetes ; 15(5): 914-922, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a special type of diabetes that commonly occurs in women during pregnancy and involves impaired glucose tolerance and abnormal glucose metabolism; GDM is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy and can affect fetal growth and development. AIM: To investigate the associations of serum D-dimer (D-D) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels with third-trimester fetal growth restriction (FGR) in GDM patients. METHODS: The clinical data of 164 pregnant women who were diagnosed with GDM and delivered at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from January 2021 to January 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. Among these women, 63 whose fetuses had FGR were included in the FGR group, and 101 women whose fetuses had normal body weights were included in the normal body weight group (normal group). Fasting venous blood samples were collected from the elbow at 28-30 wk gestation and 1-3 d before delivery to measure serum D-D and HbA1c levels for comparative analysis. The diagnostic value of serum D-D and HbA1c levels for FGR was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic analysis, and the influencing factors of third-trimester FGR in GDM patients were analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Serum fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, D-D and HbA1c levels were significantly greater in the FGR group than in the normal group, while the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance values were lower (P < 0.05). Regarding the diagnosis of FGR based on serum D-D and HbA1c levels, the areas under the curves (AUCs) were 0.826 and 0.848, the cutoff values were 3.04 mg/L and 5.80%, the sensitivities were 81.0% and 79.4%, and the specificities were 88.1% and 87.1%, respectively. The AUC of serum D-D plus HbA1c levels for diagnosing FGR was 0.928, and the sensitivity and specificity were 84.1% and 91.1%, respectively. High D-D and HbA1c levels were risk factors for third-trimester FGR in GDM patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: D-D and HbA1c levels can indicate the occurrence of FGR in GDM patients in the third trimester of pregnancy to some extent, and their combination can be used as an important index for the early prediction of FGR.

17.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1367, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously conducted a case-control study and found that exposure to electronic screen before nocturnal sleep was associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP). Hence, we carried out this cohort study aiming to identify the effects of screen exposure time on the incidence rate and severity of HDP. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 2022 and July 2022 from three hospitals in Wuxi and Changzhou cities. A total of 732 women were recruited and the information included socio-demographic characteristics, screen exposure and outcomes. Generalized estimating equations and binary non-conditional logistic models were applied to multivariate analysis, calculating the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of screen exposure time. RESULTS: The duration order of total screen time was smartphone > computer > television, while the duration order of screen time before nocturnal sleep was smartphone > television > computer. Multivariate analyses showed that the susceptibility of HDP among women who exposed to television before nocturnal sleep was 81.5% percent higher than those not exposed (P = 0.018, OR[95%CI] = 1.815[1.106-2.981]). In addition, total daily exposure time of television in the third trimester of pregnancy significantly increased the severity of HDP (P = 0.021, OR[95%CI] = 3.641[1.213-10.927]). CONCLUSIONS: Based on this preliminary study, we would suggest that pregnant women do not watch television before nocturnal sleep. While in the third trimester of pregnancy, total exposure time of television should be limited. Investigations from other areas and experimental studies should be conducted to verify the conclusion.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Tempo de Tela , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Smartphone/estatística & dados numéricos , Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Incidência , Adulto Jovem , Fatores de Tempo
18.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 485, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The maintenance of mitochondrial homeostasis is critical for tumor initiation and malignant progression because it increases tumor cell survival and growth. The molecular events controlling mitochondrial integrity that facilitate the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Here, we report that UBX domain-containing protein 1 (UBXN1) hyperactivation is essential for mitochondrial homeostasis and liver tumorigenesis. METHODS: Oncogene-induced mouse liver tumor models were generated with the Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon delivery system. Assessment of HCC cell growth in vivo and in vitro, including tumour formation, colony formation, TUNEL and FACS assays, was conducted to determine the effects of UBXN1 on HCC cells, as well as the involvement of the UBXN1-prohibitin (PHB) interaction in mitochondrial function. Coimmunoprecipitation (Co-IP) was used to assess the interaction between UBXN1 and PHB. Liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) datasets and HCC patient samples were used to assess the expression of UBXN1. RESULTS: UBXN1 expression is commonly upregulated in human HCCs and mouse liver tumors and is associated with poor overall survival in HCC patients. UBXN1 facilitates the growth of human HCC cells and promotes mouse liver tumorigenesis driven by the NRas/c-Myc or c-Myc/shp53 combination. UBXN1 interacts with the inner mitochondrial membrane protein PHB and sustains PHB expression. UBXN1 inhibition triggers mitochondrial damage and liver tumor cell apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: UBXN1 interacts with PHB and promotes mitochondrial homeostasis during liver tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Homeostase , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Mitocôndrias , Proibitinas , Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Camundongos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ligação Proteica , Apoptose
19.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 150, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) experience increased mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks; however, the potential connection between pinch strength (PS) and the prognosis of these patients remains unknown. Consequently, this study aimed to comprehensively assess the influence of PS and handgrip strength (HGS) on both survival and cardiovascular events (CVE) in patients undergoing MHD. METHODS: Data were gathered from patients undergoing MHD at the Hemodialysis Center of Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital in March 2021. We performed a retrospective follow-up spanning 24 months, with death serving as the primary endpoint for observation and CVE as the secondary endpoint. Multifactorial Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier survival curves, trend tests, and restricted cubic spline were applied to explore the association. RESULTS: During a 24-month follow-up, data were collected from 140 patients undergoing MHD with an average age of 66.71 ± 12.61 years. Among them, 52 (37.14%) experienced mortality, whereas 36 (40.00%) had CVE without baseline CVD. Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated better survival rates and reduced CVE risk for patients in the second, third, and fourth quartiles compared with those in the first quartile for PS. Adjusted analyses in different models revealed higher PS levels were independently associated with all-cause mortality (major model, model 4, HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.64-0.95) but not with CVE risk (unadjusted HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.77-1.05). Compared with lower quartile PS levels, higher PS levels significantly reduced all-cause mortality (HR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.10-1.02), and this trend remained consistent (P for trend = 0.021). Finally, the restricted cubic spline method using different models showed a linear relationship between PS and all-cause mortality (P > 0.05), when PS exceeded 4.99 kg, the all-cause mortality of MHD patients significantly decreased. CONCLUSIONS: PS was independently associated with all-cause mortality but not with CVE in patients undergoing MHD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Força de Pinça , Diálise Renal , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Causas de Morte , Seguimentos , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Força da Mão
20.
J Adv Res ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endothelial cell (EC) metabolism plays a crucial role in the process of angiogenesis. Intrinsic metabolic events such as glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, and glutamine metabolism, support secure vascular migration and proliferation, energy and biomass production, as well as redox homeostasis maintenance during vessel formation. Nevertheless, perturbation of EC metabolism instigates vascular dysregulation-associated diseases, especially cancer. AIM OF REVIEW: In this review, we aim to discuss the metabolic regulation of angiogenesis by EC metabolites and metabolic enzymes, as well as prospect the possible therapeutic opportunities and strategies targeting EC metabolism. KEY SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS OF REVIEW: In this work, we discuss various aspects of EC metabolism considering normal and diseased vasculature. Of relevance, we highlight that the implications of EC metabolism-targeted intervention (chiefly by metabolic enzymes or metabolites) could be harnessed in orchestrating a spectrum of pathological angiogenesis-associated diseases.

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