Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.025
Filtrar
1.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 155(4): 2517-2537, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591940

RESUMO

The shear stress transport turbulence model is employed to conduct a detailed study of flow characteristics at the highest efficiency point and near-stall point in a full-channel 1.5-stage compressor in this paper. The simulation results for the compressor's total pressure ratio and efficiency exhibit good agreement with experimental data. Emphasis is placed on examining the internal flow structure in the tip area of the compressor rotor under near-stall conditions. The results reveal that significant differences in flow structure primarily occur in the tip area as the compressor approaches stall. Specifically, a reduction in turbulent kinetic energy is observed in a region spanning approximately 20%-60% of the chord length on the rotor suction face near-stall conditions. Two additional peak frequencies, at 0.8 and 1.6 times the blade passage frequency, are observed, and the intricate flow phenomena are elaborated at the near-stall point. The near-stall point exhibits greater noise levels than the highest efficiency point, where the intensity of the surface source increases by more than 10 dB, peaking at 20 dB. This additional peak serves as a significant supplementary noise source near the stall point, leading to a maximum increase of 33.3 dB in the free radiated sound power. The acoustic response within the duct indicates that the compressor operating at the near-stall point continues to produce substantial noise on the actual test bench, showing an average increase of 6 dB in noise levels, and the distribution of the additional peak single-tone noise at the entrance significantly differs from that observed at the highest efficiency point.

2.
Nanoscale ; 16(13): 6720-6728, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494927

RESUMO

Noble metal catalysts exhibit high catalytic activity in lean CH4 combustion at low temperatures. However, the high surface energy of noble metal nanoparticles makes them susceptible to deactivation due to migratory-aggregation during the catalytic process. Herein, a core-shell structure with a Pd/CeO2 core and a SiO2 shell (denoted as Pd/CeO2@SiO2) was designed and prepared to enhance the thermal stability for catalytic lean CH4 combustion. A series of characterization methods demonstrated the successful encapsulation of SiO2 and the modified thermal stability. The results of activity tests indicated that Pd/CeO2@SiO2 exhibited the optimal catalytic performance. After seven runs, Pd/CeO2@SiO2 achieved 90% conversion of CH4 at 385 °C compared to Pd/CeO2 at 440 °C. The remarkable catalytic performance was attributed to the synergistic effect of strengthened metal-support interactions and the core-shell structure. On the one hand, the migration and aggregation of Pd nanoparticles were limited due to the protection of the SiO2 shell layer. On the other hand, the SiO2 shell layer further enhanced the interactions between the Pd nanoparticles and CeO2, thus promoting the formation of PdxCe1-xO2-δ solid solutions and active oxygen species, which were beneficial for the improvement of the stability and redox capacity of the catalyst.

3.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glioblastomas are highly vascularized malignant tumors. We determined the efficacy and safety of the anti-angiogenic multi-kinase inhibitor, anlotinib, for a newly diagnosed glioblastoma. METHODS: This multicenter, single-arm trial (NCT04119674) enrolled 33 treatment-naïve patients with histologically proven glioblastomas between March 2019 and November 2020. Patients underwent treatment with the standard STUPP regimen [fractionated focal irradiation in daily fractions of 1.8-2 Gy given 5 d/w × 6 w (total = 54-60 Gy)] or radiotherapy plus continuous daily temozolomide (TMZ) (75 mg/m2 of body surface area/d, 7 d/w from the first to the last day of radiotherapy), followed by 6 cycles of adjuvant TMZ (150-200 mg/m2 × 5 d during each 28-d cycle) plus anlotinib (8 mg/d on d 1-14 of each 3-w cycle for 2 cycles during concomitant chemoradiotherapy, 8 maximal cycles as adjuvant therapy, followed by maintenance at 8 mg/d. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) and adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Thirty-three patients received the planned treatment. The median PFS was 10.9 months (95% CI, 9.9-18.7 months) and the 12-month PFS rate was 48.5%. The median OS was 17.4 months (95% CI, 14.5-21.1 months) and the 12-month OS rate was 81.8%. The most common AEs included hypertriglyceridemia [58% (n = 19)], hypoalbuminemia [46% (n = 15)], and hypercholesterolemia [46% (n = 15)] during concurrent chemoradiotherapy and leukopenia [73% (n = 24)], hypertriglyceridemia [67% (n = 22)], and neutropenia [52% (n = 17)] during adjuvant therapy. Five patients discontinued treatment due to AEs. HEG1 (HR, 5.6; 95% CI, 1.3-23.7; P = 0.021) and RP1L1 alterations (HR, 11.1; 95% CI, 2.2-57.2; P = 0.004) were associated with a significantly shorter PFS. CONCLUSIONS: Anlotinib plus the STUPP regimen has promising anti-tumor activity against glioblastoma and manageable toxicity. HEG1 and RP1L1 alterations might be novel predictive biomarkers of the response to anlotinib.

4.
Opt Express ; 32(5): 7574-7582, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439435

RESUMO

Optical measurements are closely related to the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the laser, which can be improved using a tunable optical filter (TOF) to suppress frequency noise. For an external-cavity tunable laser with a tuning range larger than the TOF bandwidth, the wavelength at the center of the TOF passband must be varied based on the laser tuning. This study proposes a tunable-laser OSNR-enhancement method based on the Fabry-Pérot (FP) interferometer. The FP signal contains the wavelength information of the swept laser, which can be used to determine the real-time driving voltage of the TOF. Notably, the laser needs to be continuously tunable without mode hopping, and the free spectral range of the FP interferometer must be smaller than the TOF bandwidth.

5.
Luminescence ; 39(3): e4699, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494638

RESUMO

A simple naphthalimide-based fluorescent probe was designed and synthesized for the determination of mercury ion (Hg2+ ). The probe showed a noticeable fluorescence quenching response for Hg2+ . When added with Hg2+ , the fluorescence intensity of the probe at 560 nm was remarkably decreased with the color changed from yellow to colorless under ultraviolet (UV) light. The probe had a notable selectivity and sensitivity for Hg2+ and displayed an excellent sensing performance when detecting Hg2+ at low concentration (19.5 nM). The binding phenomenon between the probe and Hg2+ was identified by Job's method and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Moreover, the probe was not only utilized to identify Hg2+ in real samples with satisfactory results (92.00%-110.00%) but also was successfully used for bioimaging in cells and zebrafish. The recognition mechanism has been verified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for the first time. All the results showed that the probe could be used as a potent useful tool for detection of Hg2+ .


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Mercúrio , Animais , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Peixe-Zebra , Naftalimidas/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Mercúrio/análise
6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2768: 167-200, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502394

RESUMO

Memory B cells (Bmem) provide the second wall of adaptive humoral host defense upon specific antigen rechallenge when the first wall, consisting of preformed antibodies originating from a preceding antibody response, fails. This is the case, as recently experienced with SARS-CoV-2 infections and previously with seasonal influenza, when levels of neutralizing antibodies decline or when variant viruses arise that evade such. While in these instances, reinfection can occur, in both scenarios, the rapid engagement of preexisting Bmem into the recall response can still confer immune protection. Bmem are known to play a critical role in host defense, yet their assessment has not become part of the standard immune monitoring repertoire. Here we describe a new generation of B cell ELISPOT/FluoroSpot (collectively ImmunoSpot®) approaches suited to dissect, at single-cell resolution, the Bmem repertoire ex vivo, revealing its immunoglobulin class/subclass utilization, and its affinity distribution for the original, and for variant viruses/antigens. Because such comprehensive B cell ImmunoSpot® tests can be performed with minimal cell material, are scalable, and robust, they promise to be well-suited for routine immune monitoring.


Assuntos
Imunidade Humoral , Células B de Memória , Linfócitos B , Antígenos , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais
7.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2768: 211-239, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502396

RESUMO

The affinity distribution of the antigen-specific memory B cell (Bmem) repertoire in the body is a critical variable that defines an individual's ability to rapidly generate high-affinity protective antibody specificities. Detailed measurement of antibody affinity so far has largely been confined to studies of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and are laborious since each individual mAb needs to be evaluated in isolation. Here, we introduce two variants of the B cell ImmunoSpot® assay that are suitable for simultaneously assessing the affinity distribution of hundreds of individual B cells within a test sample at single-cell resolution using relatively little labor and with high-throughput capacity. First, we experimentally validated that both ImmunoSpot® assay variants are suitable for establishing functional affinity hierarchies using B cell hybridoma lines as model antibody-secreting cells (ASC), each producing mAb with known affinity for a defined antigen. We then leveraged both ImmunoSpot® variants for characterizing the affinity distribution of SARS-CoV-2 Spike-specific ASC in PBMC following COVID-19 mRNA vaccination. Such ImmunoSpot® assays promise to offer tremendous value for future B cell immune monitoring efforts, owing to their ease of implementation, applicability to essentially any antigenic system, economy of PBMC utilization, high-throughput capacity, and suitability for regulated testing.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , ELISPOT , Antígenos , Células Produtoras de Anticorpos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/genética , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo
8.
Discov Med ; 36(182): 613-620, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC), a common tumor in women, has high morbidity and mortality. Formononetin, an active ingredient in red clover and Astragalus membranaceus, has a wide range of pharmacological applications, including as an anticancer agent. Since immunotherapy is a hot topic in the treatment strategy of BC, it was dedicated to appraising the specific mechanism of formononetin in BC immunotherapy in this research. METHODS: Different formononetin concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 µM) were used to treat BC cells transfected with pcDNA3.1-Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) or Short-hairpin RNA (sh)-PD-L1. Cells were separated into four subgroups: CTRL, pcDNA3.1-PD-L1, sh-CTRL, and sh-PD-L1. Cell viability and cell cycle were assessed through Methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometry. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) mRNA concentration was validated via quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell metastasis was evaluated via cloning assay and transwell assay. The p-STING/stimulator of interferon genes (STING), p-p65/p65, and PD-L1 concentrations were determined by western blot. RESULTS: Formononetin restrained the proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cells, and reduced PD-L1 mRNA, p-STING/STING, and p-p65/p65 protein concentrations. Whereas PD-L1 inhibition restrained the viability of BC cells, pcDNA3.1-PD-L1 intervention had the opposite result. STING pathway inhibitor C-176 combined with formononetin treatment further restrained cell proliferation, colony formation, and cell invasion, in contrast to cells treated with formononetin alone. CONCLUSION: Formononetin can restrain the proliferation of BC cells, which may be mediated through the interference of PD-L1 and suppression of the activation of the STING-NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Isoflavonas , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais , Animais , Humanos , Feminino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1 , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinogênese , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , RNA Mensageiro , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38539027

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare X-linked recessive disorder characterized by loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding dystrophin. These mutations lead to progressive functional deterioration including muscle weakness, respiratory insufficiency, and musculoskeletal deformities. Three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA) has been used as a tool to analyze gait pathology through the quantification of altered joint kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activity patterns. Among 3DGA indices, the Gait Profile Score (GPS), has been used as a sensitive overall measure to detect clinically relevant changes in gait patterns in children with DMD. To enhance our understanding of the clinical translation of 3DGA, we report here the development of a population nonlinear mixed-effect model that jointly describes the disease progression of the 3DGA index, GPS, and the functional endpoint, North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA). The final model consists of a quadratic structure for GPS progression and a linear structure for GPS-NSAA correlation. Our model was able to capture the improvement in function in GPS and NSAA in younger subjects, as well as the decline of function in older subjects. Furthermore, the model predicted NSAA (CFB) at 1 year reasonably well for DMD subjects ≤7 years old at baseline. The model tended to slightly underpredict the decline in NSAA after 1 year for those >7 years old at baseline, but the prediction summary statistics were well maintained within the standard deviation of observed data. Quantitative models such as this may help answer clinically relevant questions to facilitate the development of novel therapies in DMD.

10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6983, 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523195

RESUMO

This study assesses the effect of stone content on the stability of soil-rock mixture slopes and the dynamics of ensuing large displacement landslides using a material point strength reduction method. This method evaluates structural stability by incrementally decreasing material strength parameters. The author created four distinct soil-rock mixture slope models with varying stone contents yet consistent stone size distributions through digital image processing. The initial conditions were established by linearly ramping up the gravity in fixed proportionate steps until the full value was attained. Stability was monitored until a sudden shift in displacement marked the onset of instability. Upon destabilization, the author employed the material point method to reconstruct the landslide dynamics. Due to the substantial computational requirements, the author developed a high-performance GPU-based framework for the material point method, prioritizing the parallelization of the MPM algorithm and the optimization of data structures and memory allocation to exploit GPU parallel processing capabilities. Our results demonstrate a clear positive correlation between stone content and slope stability; increasing stone content from 10 to 20% improved the safety factor from 1.9 to 2.4, and further increments to 30% and 40% ensured comprehensive stability. This study not only sheds light on slope stability and the mechanics of landslides but also underscores the effectiveness of GPU-accelerated methods in handling complex geotechnical simulations.

12.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 182, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery combined with radiotherapy substantially escalates the likelihood of encountering complications in early-stage cervical squamous cell carcinoma(ESCSCC). We aimed to investigate the feasibility of Deep-learning-based radiomics of intratumoral and peritumoral MRI images to predict the pathological features of adjuvant radiotherapy in ESCSCC and minimize the occurrence of adverse events associated with the treatment. METHODS: A dataset comprising MR images was obtained from 289 patients who underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection between January 2019 and April 2022. The dataset was randomly divided into two cohorts in a 4:1 ratio.The postoperative radiotherapy options were evaluated according to the Peter/Sedlis standard. We extracted clinical features, as well as intratumoral and peritumoral radiomic features, using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression. We constructed the Clinical Signature (Clinic_Sig), Radiomics Signature (Rad_Sig) and the Deep Transformer Learning Signature (DTL_Sig). Additionally, we fused the Rad_Sig with the DTL_Sig to create the Deep Learning Radiomic Signature (DLR_Sig). We evaluated the prediction performance of the models using the Area Under the Curve (AUC), calibration curve, and Decision Curve Analysis (DCA). RESULTS: The DLR_Sig showed a high level of accuracy and predictive capability, as demonstrated by the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.98(95% CI: 0.97-0.99) for the training cohort and 0.79(95% CI: 0.67-0.90) for the test cohort. In addition, the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, which provided p-values of 0.87 for the training cohort and 0.15 for the test cohort, respectively, indicated a good fit. DeLong test showed that the predictive effectiveness of DLR_Sig was significantly better than that of the Clinic_Sig(P < 0.05 both the training and test cohorts). The calibration plot of DLR_Sig indicated excellent consistency between the actual and predicted probabilities, while the DCA curve demonstrating greater clinical utility for predicting the pathological features for adjuvant radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: DLR_Sig based on intratumoral and peritumoral MRI images has the potential to preoperatively predict the pathological features of adjuvant radiotherapy in early-stage cervical squamous cell carcinoma (ESCSCC).


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 254: 116208, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492361

RESUMO

Aquatic fishes are threatened by the strong pathogenic bacterium Nocardia seriolae, which challenges the current prevention and treatment approaches. This study introduces luminogens with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) as an innovative and non-antibiotic therapy for N. seriolae. Specifically, the AIE photosensitizer, TTCPy-3 is employed against N. seriolae. We evaluated the antibacterial activity of TTCPy-3 and investigated the killing mechanism against N. seriolae, emphasizing its ability to aggregate within the bacterium and produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). TTCPy-3 could effectively aggregate in N. seriolae, generate ROS, and perform real-time imaging of the bacteria. A bactericidal efficiency of 100% was observed while concentrations exceeding 4 µM in the presence of white light irradiation for 10 min. In vivo, evaluation on zebrafish (Danio rerio) confirmed the superior therapeutic efficacy induced by TTCPy-3 to fight against N. seriolae infections. TTCPy-3 offers a promising strategy for treating nocardiosis of fish, paving the way for alternative treatments beyond traditional antibiotics and potentially addressing antibiotic resistance.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Doenças dos Peixes , Nocardiose , Nocardia , Animais , Peixe-Zebra , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Nocardiose/tratamento farmacológico , Nocardiose/veterinária , Nocardiose/microbiologia , Peixes/microbiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia
14.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 60, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308210

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease that targets the colon and has seen an increasing prevalence worldwide. In our pursuit of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for UC, we undertook a sequencing of colons from UC mouse models. We focused on analyzing their differentially expressed genes (DEGs), enriching pathways, and constructing protein-protein interaction (PPI) and Competing Endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks. Our analysis highlighted novel DEGs such as Tppp3, Saa3, Cemip, Pappa, and Nr1d1. These DEGs predominantly play roles in pathways like cytokine-mediated signaling, extracellular matrix organization, extracellular structure organization, and external encapsulating structure organization. This suggests that the UC pathogenesis is intricately linked to the interactions between immune and non-immune cells with the extracellular matrix (ECM). To corroborate our findings, we also verified certain DEGs through quantitative real-time PCR. Within the PPI network, nodes like Stat3, Il1b, Mmp3, and Lgals3 emerged as significant and were identified to be involved in the crucial cytokine-mediated signaling pathway, which is central to inflammation. Our ceRNA network analysis further brought to light the role of the Smad7 Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA). Key MicroRNA (miRNAs) in the ceRNA network were pinpointed as mmu-miR-17-5p, mmu-miR-93-5p, mmu-miR-20b-5p, mmu-miR-16-5p, and mmu-miR-106a-5p, while central mRNAs included Egln3, Plagl2, Sema7a, Arrdc3, and Stat3. These insights imply that ceRNA networks are influential in UC progression and could provide further clarity on its pathogenesis. In conclusion, this research deepens our understanding of UC pathogenesis and paves the way for potential new diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Nevertheless, to solidify our findings, additional experiments are essential to confirm the roles and molecular interplay of the identified DEGs in UC.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Intestinos , Inflamação/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças
15.
NPJ Precis Oncol ; 8(1): 30, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321112

RESUMO

Accurate detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in blood and non-blood body fluids enables generation of deterministic cancer diagnosis and represent a less invasive and safer liquid biopsy approach. Although genomic alternations have been widely used in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis, studies on cell-based genomic alternations profiling for CTC detection are rare due to major technical limitations in single-cell whole genome sequencing (WGS) including low throughput, low accuracy and high cost. We report a single-cell low-pass WGS-based protocol (scMet-Seq) for sensitive and accurate CTC detection by combining a metabolic function-associated marker Hexokinase 2 (HK2) and a Tn5 transposome-based WGS method with improved cell fixation strategy. To explore the clinical use, scMet-Seq has been investigated with blood and non-blood body fluids in diagnosing metastatic diseases, including ascites-based diagnosis of malignant ascites (MA) and blood-based diagnosis of metastatic small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). ScMet-Seq shows high diagnostic sensitivity (MA: 79% in >10 cancer types; metastatic SCLC: 90%) and ~100% of diagnostic specificity and positive predictive value, superior to clinical cytology that exhibits diagnostic sensitivity of 52% in MA diagnosis and could not generate blood-based diagnosis. ScMet-Seq represents a liquid biopsy approach for deterministic cancer diagnosis in different types of cancers and body fluids.

16.
Mater Today Bio ; 25: 100975, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322662

RESUMO

Diabetic wound healing is delayed due to persistent inflammation, and macrophage-immunomodulating biomaterials can control the inflammatory phase and shorten the healing time. In this study, acellular embryoid bodies (aEBs) were prepared and mixed with thermosensitive hydroxybutyl chitosan (HBC) hydrogels to produce aEB/HBC composite hydrogels. The aEB/HBC composite hydrogels exhibited reversible temperature-sensitive phase transition behavior and a hybrid porous network. In vitro analysis showed that the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels exhibited better antimicrobial activity than the PBS control, aEBs or HBC hydrogels and promoted M0 to M2 polarization but not M1 to M2 macrophage repolarization in culture. The in vivo results showed that the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels accelerated cutaneous wound closure, re-epithelialization, ingrowth of new blood vessels, and collagen deposition and reduced the scar width during wound healing in diabetic mice over time. Macrophage phenotype analysis showed that the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels induce M2 macrophage reactions continually, upregulate M2-related mRNA and protein expression and downregulate M1-related mRNA and protein expression. Therefore, the aEB/HBC composite hydrogels have excellent antimicrobial activity, promote M2 macrophage polarization and accelerate the functional and structural healing of diabetic cutaneous wounds.

17.
Food Funct ; 15(4): 2249-2264, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319599

RESUMO

The ApoE4 allele is the strongest genetic determinant for Alzheimer's disease (AD), while obesity is a strong environmental risk for AD. The modulatory effect of the ApoE genotype on aging-related cognitive function in tandem with a high-fat diet (HFD) remains uncertain. This study aimed to elucidate the effects of ApoE3/ApoE4 genotypes in aged mice exposed to a HFD, and the benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) from fish oil. Remarkably, the HFD led to weight gain and lipid accumulation, more pronounced in ApoE3 mice, while ApoE4 mice experienced exacerbated cerebral insulin resistance, neuroinflammation, and oxidative stress. Critically, n-3 PUFAs modulated the cerebral insulin signaling via the IRS-1/AKT/GLUT4 pathway, mitigated microglial hyperactivity, and reduced IL-6 and MDA levels, thereby counteracting cognitive deficits. These findings highlight the contrasting impacts of ApoE genotypes on aging mice exposed to a HFD, supporting n-3 PUFAs as a strategic nutritional intervention for brain health, especially for ApoE4 carriers.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Camundongos , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Apolipoproteína E4/genética , Apolipoproteína E4/metabolismo , Apolipoproteína E3/genética , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Genótipo , Cognição , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/prevenção & controle , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Camundongos Transgênicos
18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Depressed scarring is a common complication after incisional upper blepharoplasty and frequently contributes to patient dissatisfaction. Correcting this deformity presents a significant challenge for oculoplastic surgeons. This study aims to investigate the clinical effectiveness of employing the turnover orbicularis-septum composite flap technique in correcting depressed scars after double eyelid surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 118 patients who underwent revision blepharoplasty with depressed scar from November 2020 to February 2023. During the revision procedure, the adhesions of the original scar were meticulously dissected, and the residual orbital fat was thoroughly released. The orbicularis-septum composite flap was then inverted downward and smoothly laid over the depressed scar area to address the tissue deficit. After surgery, patient satisfaction was evaluated by assessing the improvement of the depressed scars and the shape of the double eyelid folds. RESULTS: Follow-up assessments were conducted over a period of 6 to 24 months postoperatively. The results were judged as fully satisfied in 78 cases (66.1%), basically satisfied in 32 cases (27.1%), and unsatisfied in 8 cases (6.8%). Among the unsatisfied patients, 5 patients complained of eyelid fold shallow or disappear, and 3 patients complained of asymmetry. All patients exhibited varying degrees of improvement in the depressed scars. CONCLUSIONS: The turnover orbicularis-septum composite flap technique provides an effective approach for the treatment of depressed scars with a high satisfaction rate.

19.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(3)2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338140

RESUMO

The innate immunity of marine bivalves is challenged upon exposure to heat stress, especially with increases in the frequency and intensity of heat waves. TLR4 serves a classical pattern recognition receptor in recognizing pathogenic microorganisms and activating immune responses. In this study, three genes, HMTLR4, HMMyD88 and HMTRAF6, were characterized as homologs of genes in the TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway in the selected scallop strain "Hongmo No. 1". According to RT-PCR, acute heat stress (32 °C) inhibited genes in the TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway, and LPS stimulation-induced activation of TLR4-MyD88 signal transduction was also negatively affected at 32 °C. ELISA showed LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) or lysozyme (LZM) activity, but this was independent of temperature. RNA interference (RNAi) confirmed that HMTLR4 silencing suppressed the expression of its downstream gene, whether at 24 °C or at 32 °C. The level of TNF-α and the activity of LZM also decreased after injection with dsRNA, indicating a negative effect on the innate immunity of scallops. Additionally, acute heat stress affected the suppression of downstream gene expression when compared with that at 24 °C, which led us to the hypothesis that heat stress directly influences the downstream targets of HMTLR4. These results enrich the knowledge of scallop immunity under heat stress and can be beneficial for the genetic improvement of new scallop strains with higher thermotolerance.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(3)2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339692

RESUMO

Railway catenary galloping, induced by aerodynamic instability, poses a significant threat by disrupting the electric current connection through sliding contact with the contact wire. This disruption leads to prolonged rail service interruptions and damage to the catenary's suspension components. This paper delves into the exploration of optimizing the catenary system's structure to alleviate galloping responses, addressing crucial parameters such as span length, stagger dropper distribution, and tension levels. Employing a finite element model, the study conducts simulations to analyze the dynamic response of catenary galloping, manipulating structural parameters within specified ranges. To ensure accurate and comprehensive exploration, the Sobol sequence is utilized to generate low-discrepancy, quasi-random, and super-uniform distribution sequences for the high-dimensional parameter inputs. Subsequent to the simulation phase, a genetic algorithm based on neural networks is employed to identify optimal parameter settings for suppressing catenary galloping, taking into account various constraints. The results gleaned from this investigation affirm that adjusting structural parameters can effectively diminish the galloping amplitude of the railway catenary. The most impactful strategy involves augmenting tension and reducing span length. Moreover, even when tension and span length are fixed, adjusting other parameters demonstrates efficacy in reducing galloping amplitudes. The adjustment of messenger-wire tension, dropper distribution, and stagger can achieve a 22.69% reduction in the maximum vertical galloping amplitude. Notably, maintaining a moderate stagger value and a short steady arm-dropper distance is recommended to achieve the minimum galloping amplitude. This research contributes valuable insights into the optimization of railway catenary systems, offering practical solutions to mitigate galloping-related challenges and enhance overall system reliability.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...