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1.
Macromol Biosci ; : e2000399, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656279

RESUMO

Designing skin decontaminating materials with outstanding therapeutic effects, adhesiveness, and suitable mechanical property has great practical significance in radionuclide-contaminated skin wound healing. Here, a physically crosslinked hydrogel is constructed via hydrogen bonding of poly acrylamide, sodium alginate (SA), and the complexing agent diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA). The physical and chemical properties of the poly(AAm-SA-DTPA) hydrogel (PASD) are detected according to established methods. The decontaminating property and skin wound healing of the PASD are investigated to confirm multi-functions of wound dressing. The physical and chemical properties results show that the synthesis of the PASD hydrogel is effective and that DTPA is present in the hydrogel. The hydrogel also shows great mechanical and swelling properties. In vitro tests find that PASD shows significant scavenging abilities for strontium and cerium. In vivo experiments show that the PASD hydrogel can remove radioactive strontium from the skin wounds of mice, and can effectively prevent the absorption of radioactive strontium through the skin wound. Furthermore, the PASD hydrogel can effectively promote the formation of granulation tissue in a radioactive contaminated wound. Taken together, the PASD hydrogels, which has good mechanical properties and radionuclides decontamination, is expected to be used as a dressing for radionuclide-contaminated skin wound healing.

2.
Development ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558388

RESUMO

CRISPR-stop converts protein-coding sequences into stop codons, which, in the appropriate location, results in a null allele. CRISPR-stop induction in one-cell-stage zygotes generates Founder 0 (F0) mice that are homozygous mutants, and this avoids mouse breeding and serves as a rapid screening approach for nonlethal genes. However, LOF of 25% of mammalian genes causes early lethality. Here, we induced CRISPR-stop in one of the two blastomeres of the zygote, a method we name mosaic CRISPR-stop, to produce mosaic Atoh1 and Sox10 F0 mice; these mice not only survived longer than regular Atoh1/Sox10 knockout mice but also displayed their recognized cochlear phenotypes. Moreover, by using mosaic CRISPR-stop, we uncovered a previously unknown role of another lethal gene, Rbm24, in the survival of cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs), and we further validated the importance of Rbm24 in OHCs by using our Rbm24 conditional knockout model. Together, our results demonstrated that mosaic CRISPR-stop is reliable and rapid, and we believe this method will facilitate rapid genetic screening of developmentally lethal genes in the mouse inner ear and in other organs as well.

3.
Clin Lab ; 67(2)2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has recently been declared an epidemic by the WHO, and there is an urgent need for affected countries and laboratories to assess and treat people at risk of COVID-19. A heat procedure has been suggested for specimen inactivation. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of serum heating on biochemical indexes, and providing a basis for accurate detection results of the COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We collected 29 normal cases of two tubes of 5 mL whole blood. One tube was analyzed directly, and the other was analyzed after heating at 56°C 30 minutes. RESULTS: A total of 34 serum biochemical index quantitative results were obtained, 28/34 indexes were not significantly affected by the heat inactivation and remained clinically interpretable. As the thermal inactivation for these indexes showed good correlation, ALB (p = 0.04, Pearson R = 0.91, 2.6% mean increase), CysC (p = 0.03, Pearson R = 0.98, 9.9% mean increase), CO2CP (p < 0.001, Pearson R = 0.96, 13% mean decrease), they were still inter-pretable. Four biochemical indexes ALP, CK, CK-MB, and insulin were inactivated and showed significant statistical differences (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed CK, CK-MB, ALP, and insulin were sensitive to heat and will be inhibited or degrade after heating, indicating that the rapid decrease of this indexes in the COVID-19 patients may be caused by sample heat inactivation. For safety and diagnostic accuracy, we recommend the use of a point-of-care device for blood gases, electrolytes, troponin, and liver and renal function tests within a ISL 2 or above biosafety cabinet with level 3 or above biosafety laboratory practice.


Assuntos
Análise Química do Sangue , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Inativação de Vírus , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Análise Química do Sangue/métodos , Análise Química do Sangue/normas , /diagnóstico , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , /fisiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640967

RESUMO

Pathogenic missense variants in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene have been identified through linkage analysis in familial Parkinson disease (PD). Subsequently, other missense variants with lower effect sizes on PD risk have emerged, as well as non-coding polymorphisms (e.g. rs76904798) enriched in PD cases in genome-wide association studies. Here we leverage recent whole-genome sequences from the Accelerating Medicines Partnership-Parkinson's Disease (AMP-PD) and the Genome Aggregation (gnomAD) databases to characterize novel missense variants in LRRK2 and explore their relationships with known pathogenic and PD-linked missense variants. Using a computational prediction tool that successfully classifies known pathogenic LRRK2 missense variants, we describe an online web-based resource that catalogs characteristics of over twelve-hundred LRRK2 missense variants of unknown significance. Novel high-pathogenicity scoring variants, some identified exclusively in PD cases, tightly cluster within the ROC-COR-Kinase domains. Structure-function predictions support that some of these variants exert gain-of-function effects with respect to LRRK2 kinase activity. In AMP-PD participants, all p.R1441G carriers (N = 89) are also carriers of the more common PD-linked variant p.M1646T. In addition, nearly all carriers of the PD-linked p.N2081D missense variant are also carriers of the LRRK2 PD-risk variant rs76904798. These results provide a compendium of LRRK2 missense variants and how they associate with one another. While the pathogenic p.G2019S variant is by far the most frequent high-pathogenicity scoring variant, our results suggest that ultra-rare missense variants may have an important cumulative impact in increasing the number of individuals with LRRK2-linked PD.

5.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 120: 111725, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545876

RESUMO

At present, cardiovascular stent intervention faces clinical complications such as delayed endothelialization, late thrombosis and restenosis after implantation. In this work, a kind of bifunctional polymer brush-grafted coronary stent with anticoagulant and endothelial functions was developed. First, a block copolymer brush with zwitterionic structure consisting of sulfoethyl methacrylate (SBMA) and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was surface-induced grafted onto the surface of bare metal coronary stent by atom transfer radical polymerization. The diethylenetriamine NONOate (DETA NONOate), acted as nitric oxide (NO) donor to promote endothelialization, was then attached to polyglycidyl methacrylate (PGMA) brush by a reactive epoxy group to produce NO. The process of chemical modification and the release behavior of NO were characterized in detail. Moreover, the results of anticoagulant test, cytotoxicity test, endothelial cells (ECs) proliferation test and animal experiment of this bifunctional polymer brush-grafted coronary stent we proposed indicate that the zwitterion modified and NO supplied bifunctional coatings has good anticoagulant property, no cytotoxicity and significant endothelialization effect. This work opens the door to combine biological activity of NO and anticoagulant effect of zwitterions, which has great potential to address post-operative side effects associated with restenosis and late stent thrombosis.

6.
Laryngoscope ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the efficacy of initial sirolimus therapy in the treatment of intractable head and neck lymphatic malformations (LMs) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective open-label study. METHODS: In this study, Twenty-seven children diagnosed with LMs were given oral sirolimus as primary treatment over a minimum 6-month trial. The major parameter to evaluate therapeutic outcome was percentage of lesion volume change compared with baseline. Average serum sirolimus concentrations, and adverse side effects, were monitored throughout the study period. RESULTS: Fifteen girls and twelve boys, average age 27 months (16 days-171 months), constitute the study group. Treatment was deemed effective for twenty-three participants, judged as fair in seven, good in nine, and excellent in seven. Two patients had minimal improvement, and two had increased volume to some degree. Effectiveness differed among LMs subtypes with responsiveness of macrocystic LMs exceeding that of microcystic LMs (P < .05). Adverse drug reactions totaled 27 events in ten patients, the majority being mild with upper respiratory infections being most common. CONCLUSIONS: Sirolimus as initial therapy is effective in decreasing lesion volume in intractable LMs in head and neck region, especially in macrocystic subtypes. Although most cases cannot be completely cured, side effects are few and tolerable. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV Laryngoscope, 2021.

7.
J Environ Radioact ; 229-230: 106548, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581482

RESUMO

The 239+240Pu and 137Cs activities and 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios in surface soil and soil core collected from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau were investigated. The maximum of 239+240Pu and 137Cs activity concentrations in five soil cores were found in upper layers and have a same trend: the maximum followed by exponential decline. The 240Pu/239Pu atom ratio ranged from 0.160 ± 0.009 to 0.212 ± 0.012, clarified that the plutonium mainly came from the global fallout and the contribution of Lop Nor test sites was negligible. In addition, the vertical profiles of radionuclides (210Pb, 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, 40K) have been studied and a high correlation has been found between them. The correlations of Pu between organic matter (OM) and heavy metals were also studied. Person Correlation Coefficients revealed Pu had significant positive correlations with organic matter and Cd, Cu, Co, Zn, but negative correlation with Tl. The results have important implication for further understanding of the sources, records and environmental impacts of global and regional nuclear activities, which expanded the database of Pu activity level and atom ratio in Chinese soil and established a foundation for future environmental risk assessment.


Assuntos
Plutônio , Monitoramento de Radiação , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo , Florestas , Humanos , Plutônio/análise , Solo , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo/análise , Tibet
8.
Toxicol Ind Health ; : 748233721996561, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625315

RESUMO

The widespread use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), their many sources for human exposure, and the ability of AgNPs to enter organisms and induce general toxicological responses have raised concerns regarding their public health and environmental safety. To elucidate the differential toxic effects of polyvinylpyrrolidone-capped AgNPs with different primary particle sizes (i.e. 5, 50, and 75 nm), we performed a battery of cytotoxicity and genotoxicity assays and examined the inflammatory responses in two human cell lines (i.e. HepG2 and A549). Concentration-dependent decreases in cell proliferation and mitochondrial membrane potential and increases in cytokine (i.e. interleukin-6 and interleukin-8) excretion indicated disruption of mitochondrial function and inflammation as the main mediating factors of AgNPs-induced cytotoxicity. An incremental increase in genotoxicity with decreasing AgNPs diameter was noted in HepG2 cells, which was associated with S and G2/M accumulation and transcriptional activation of the GADD45α promoter as reflected by luciferase activity. Dose-related genetic damage, as indicated by Olive tail moment and micronucleus formation, was also observed in A549 cells, but these effects as well as the AgNPs-induced cytotoxicity were more associated with ionic Ag release from nanoparticles (NPs). In summary, the present study addressed different toxicity mechanisms of AgNPs, depending on the cell model, toxicological endpoint, particle size, and degree of Ag+ release from NPs. The results suggest that the GADD45α promoter-driven luciferase reporter cell system provided a rapid screening tool for the identification of genotoxic properties of NPs across a range of different sizes and concentrations.

9.
J Biomater Appl ; : 885328221991948, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611960

RESUMO

Wound infection and poor wound healing are the major challenges of wound treatment. Antibiotic drug treatment is the effective way to inhibit wound infection. It is necessary to achieve sustained release of antibiotics to get a longer treatment for wound infection. The double network hydrogels based on liposome, polyethylene glycol (PEG), α- cyclodextrin (α-CD) and acrylamide (AM) were developed, in which liposome acts as amoxicillin repository. Because the drug would release from the multiple barriers including two cavities of liposome and α-CD, as well as polyethylene glycol -α- cyclodextrin/acrylamide (PEG-CD/AM) double network, the PEG-α-CD/AM/liposome @amoxicillin double network hydrogels could achieve sustained drug release. The drug release assay showed that the dressing could release amoxicillin continuously until 12 days, than that of 8th day for single-network hydrogel releasing. The antibacterial ratio of the hydrogel could reach above 80%. What's more, the hydrogels present adjustable mechanical strength by changing the ratio of the components. The swelling ratio proved that the hydrogel had potential ability to absorb wound exudates. The cytotoxicity test of the hydrogels demonstrated excellent biocompatibility. These results indicated that this study can provide a new thought for antibacterial wound dressing and has a broad application prospect.

10.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634873

RESUMO

Determination of human cytomegalovirus IgG (HCMV IgG) level is of great importance in the diagnosis of HCMV infections. In this study, a novel, double antigen sandwich homogeneous immunoassay-based light-initiated chemiluminescent assay (LICA) for measuring HCMV IgG serum levels was developed. This sandwich LICA for HCMV IgG was performed by incubating serum samples with HCMV pp150 protein coated with chemibeads, streptavidin-coated sensibeads and biotinylated HCMV pp150 protein. The working conditions of this assay were optimized and the correlation between the results of the LICA and ELISA was evaluated. As a homogeneous immunoassay, this sandwich LICA could accurately and rapidly determine the serum levels of HCMV IgG with a high-throughput. Thus, this newly developed assay could be a useful analytical tool in the clinical diagnosis of HCMV infections. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408117

RESUMO

Both tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and PD-1+ peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) are enriched for tumor-reactive clones recognizing known and unknown tumor antigens. However, the relationship between the T-cell receptor (TCR)-ß repertoires of the TIL and T cells expanded from paired PD-1+ PBL and whether T cells expanded from PD-1+ PBL can be used to treat patients with cancer as TIL substitutes remains unclear. Here we established a highly efficient protocol to prepare polyclonal T cells from PD-1+ PBL. A functional T-cell assay and tetramer staining revealed that cells from PD-1+ PBL were relatively enriched for tumor-reactive T cells. Furthermore, deep TCR-ß sequencing data revealed that an average of 11.29% (1.32%-29.06%, p=0.015, n=8) tumor-resident clonotypes were found in T cells expanded from paired PD-1+ PBL, and the mean accumulated frequency of TIL clones found in T cells expanded from PD-1+ PBL was 35.11% (7.23%-78.02%, p=0.017, n=8). Moreover, treatment of four patients, who failed multi-line therapy and developed acquired resistance to anti-PD-1, with autologous T cells expanded from PD-1+ PBL combined with anti-PD-1 antibody elicited objective responses from three of them. These results indicate that T cells expanded from PD-1+ PBL share more clones with paired TIL and could be used to treat patients with cancer as TIL substitutes.

12.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439456

RESUMO

Urban soils harbor billions of bacterial cells and millions of species. However, the distribution patterns and assembly processes of bacterial communities remain largely uncharacterized in urban soils. It is also unknown if we can use the bacteria to track soil sources to certain cities and districts. Here, Illumina MiSeq sequencing was used to survey soil bacterial communities from 529 random plots spanning 61 districts and 10 major cities in China. Over a 3,000 km range, community similarity declined with increasing geographic distance (Mantel r=0.62), and community composition was clustered by city (R2=0.50). Within cities (<100 km), the aforementioned biogeographic patterns were weakened. Process analysis showed that homogenizing dispersal and dispersal limitation dominated soil bacterial assembly at small and large spatial scales, respectively. Accordingly, the probabilities of accurately tracking random soil sources to certain cities and districts were 90.0% and 66.7%, respectively. When the tested samples originated from cities that were more than 1,265 km apart, the soil sources could be identified with nearly 100% accuracy. Overall, this study demonstrates the strong distance-decay relationship and the clear geographic zoning of urban soil bacterial communities among cities. The varied importance of different community assembly processes at multiple spatial scales strongly affects the accuracy of microbial source tracking.

13.
eNeuro ; 8(1)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509951

RESUMO

The mechanotransduction (MT) complex in auditory hair cells converts the mechanical stimulation of sound waves into neural signals. Recently, the MT complex has been suggested to contain at least four distinct integral membrane proteins: protocadherin 15 (PCDH15), transmembrane channel-like protein 1 (TMC1), lipoma HMGIC fusion partner-like 5 (LHFPL5), and transmembrane inner ear protein (TMIE). However, the composition, function, and regulation of the MT-complex proteins remain incompletely investigated. Here, we report previously undescribed splicing isoforms of TMC1, LHFPL5, and TMIE. We identified four alternative splicing events for the genes encoding these three proteins by analyzing RNA-seq libraries of auditory hair cells from adult mice [over postnatal day (P)28], and we then verified the alternative splicing events by using RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing. Moreover, we examined the tissue-specific distribution, developmental expression patterns, and tonotopic gradient of the splicing isoforms by performing semiquantitative and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and we found that the alternative splicing of TMC1 and LHFPL5 is cochlear-specific and occurs in both neonatal and adult mouse cochleae. Our findings not only reveal the potential complexity of the MT-complex composition, but also provide critical insights for guiding future research on the function, regulation, and trafficking of TMC1, LHFPL5, and TMIE and on the clinical diagnosis of hearing loss related to aberrant splicing of these three key genes in hearing.

14.
JCI Insight ; 6(4)2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497357

RESUMO

Four endemic human coronaviruses (HCoVs) are commonly associated with acute respiratory infection in humans. B cell responses to these "common cold" viruses remain incompletely understood. Here we report a comprehensive analysis of CoV-specific antibody repertoires in 231 children and 1168 adults using phage immunoprecipitation sequencing. Seroprevalence of antibodies against endemic HCoVs ranged between approximately 4% and 27% depending on the species and cohort. We identified at least 136 novel linear B cell epitopes. Antibody repertoires against endemic HCoVs were qualitatively different between children and adults in that anti-HCoV IgG specificities more frequently found among children targeted functionally important and structurally conserved regions of the spike, nucleocapsid, and matrix proteins. Moreover, antibody specificities targeting the highly conserved fusion peptide region and S2' cleavage site of the spike protein were broadly cross-reactive with peptides of epidemic human and nonhuman coronaviruses. In contrast, an acidic tandem repeat in the N-terminal region of the Nsp3 subdomain of the HCoV-HKU1 polyprotein was the predominant target of antibody responses in adult donors. Our findings shed light on the dominant species-specific and pan-CoV target sites of human antibody responses to coronavirus infection, thereby providing important insights for the development of prophylactic or therapeutic monoclonal antibodies and vaccine design.

15.
Accid Anal Prev ; 149: 105778, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166760

RESUMO

The demonstration, showcase, and city studies of autonomous vehicles (AVs) provide valuable opportunities for the public to interact with AV. Understanding the relationship between experiencing and intention to use AV is crucial because first-hand experience shapes an individual's initial impressions on autonomous driving. This study investigated the users' intention to use AVs based on extended theory of planned behavior, which incorporated experience satisfaction and trust. The data were collected through a field experiment from 117 respondents who had experienced a SAE Level 4 autonomous minibus in China. The proposed relationships were examined using partial least squares structural equation modelling. A satisfied experience contributes to a higher degree of trust, attitude, subjective norm (SN), and perceived behavioral control (PBC). Excluding SN, results suggest that attitude, PBC, experience satisfaction, and trust, are statistically proven to affect the intention to use AV. Moreover, an examination of individual difference reflects that the impact of experience satisfaction on PBC varies distinctively in male and female group, as well as in less educated and more educated group. Findings show the theoretical contributions and practical implications on the role of initial experience of AV acceptance.

16.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 159: 80-88, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341082

RESUMO

The natural fluorescence of tree peony is short. Forcing culture, mainly by defoliation and gibberellin (GA) treatment, is frequently used for its industrial production. We previously found forcing culture to be coordinated by non-structural carbohydrates (NSCs). Herein, we further revealed the specific role of NSCs during this process. We observed that both defoliation and GA treatment increased the photosynthesis in the bracts, and defoliation had a greater effect on NSC assimilation. We further determined the NSC content and PsSWEETs expression in the bracts, and the results indicated that GA may contribute more to NSC allocation by inducing PsSWEET7. Furthermore, we determined the trehalose-6-phosphate (T6P) content and sugar signaling-related gene (PsTPS1, PsSnRK1, and PsHXK1) expression in both the petals and bracts and found that both defoliation and GA treatment induced T6P levels as well as PsTPS1 expression in both tissues. This indicated that the sugar signaling pathway may also be involved in NSC-coordinated tree peony flowering. In particular, PsSnRK1 was more rapidly induced in the bracts (as an energy shortage response) in the control plants and was completely prohibited by defoliation and GA treatment, indicating the key role of the bracts in sugar signaling. In conclusion, NSCs induced tree peony flowering both as an energy substrate and sugar signaling trigger, with the bracts playing an essential role. These results may provide further evidence on the mechanism of NSC-coordinated flower opening in tree peony under forcing culture conditions, which may also provide a foundation for improving this technology.


Assuntos
Carboidratos , Flores , Paeonia , Transdução de Sinais , Flores/genética , Flores/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Paeonia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Paeonia/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Açúcares , Árvores
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 408: 124885, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373955

RESUMO

Removal of lead (II) (Pb2+) from contaminated soil was investigated using a new-type switchable-array-electrode electrokinetics assisted by permeable reactive barrier (SAE/EK-PRB). The soil pH after treatments with SAE/EK-PRB ranged from 3.5 to 4.8, and the peak values of current density was highest with 3.01 mA/cm2 at voltage gradient 2.5 V/cm. Both voltage gradient and moisture content promoted the removal of Pb2+. Moisture content 35% and 2.5 V/cm were considered as the optional operating conditions. Different PRB filling materials including zeolite, fly ash, active carbon alone and the combination of fly ash and graphene oxide were, therefore, investigated under the optional operating conditions. The highest removal reached 92.6% with the combination of fly ash and graphene oxide. Pb2+ forms in the soil with different PRB filling materials showed the percentages of weak bindings, such as exchangeable and carbonate forms decreased. However, strong binding, residual form increased largely, indicating the SAE/EK-PRB could effectively reduce the environmental risk of Pb2+ to a great extent. Fly ash and the combination of zeolite and fly ash as PRB filling materials demonstrated to be highly promising for the effective EK remediation of Pb2+-contaminated soil, taking the economic and environmental principles and remediation efficiency into consideration.

18.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 538, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pistil development is a complicated process in plants, and female sterile mutants are ideal material for screening and cloning pistil development-related genes. Using the female sterile mutant (fsm1), BraA04g009730.3C was previously predicted as a candidate mutant gene encoding the STERILE APETALA (SAP) transcriptional regulator. In the current study, a parallel female sterile mutant (fsm2) was derived from EMS mutagenesis of a Chinese cabbage DH line 'FT' seeds. RESULTS: Both fsm2 and fsm1 mutant phenotypes exhibited pistil abortion and smaller floral organs. Genetic analysis indicated that the phenotype of mutant fsm2 was also controlled by a single recessive nuclear gene. Allelism testing showed that the mutated fsm1 and fsm2 genes were allelic. A single-nucleotide mutation (G-to-A) in the first exon of BraA04g009730.3C caused a missense mutation from GAA (glutamic acid) to GGA (glycine) in mutant fsm2 plants. Both allelic mutations of BraA04g009730.3C in fsm1 and fsm2 conferred the similar pistil abortion phenotype, which verified the SAP function in pistil development. To probe the mechanism of SAP-induced pistil abortion, we compared the mutant fsm1 and wild-type 'FT' pistil transcriptomes. Among the 3855 differentially expressed genes obtained, 29 were related to ovule development and 16 were related to organ size. CONCLUSION: Our study clarified the function of BraA04g009730.3C and revealed that it was responsible for ovule development and organ size. These results lay a foundation to elucidate the molecular mechanism of pistil development in Chinese cabbage.

19.
Environ Pollut ; 267: 115415, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254710

RESUMO

In this study, we present the application of a dual-isotope approach for the source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and black carbon (BC) in the East China Sea (ECS). The δ13C and δ2H isotope signatures of the PAHs were determined from surface sediments collected from the ECS. A Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) model was used to the environmental source identifications with dual-isotope PAHs data. The results indicate that the coal combustion source is predominant (with average of 41%) in the ECS. Liquid fossil fuels combustion, biomass combustion, and petrogenic sources account for 23%, 20%, and 12% of the total PAH burden, respectively. Additionally, we also determine the stable and radio carbon isotopes (δ13C and Δ14C) of total BC in sediment samples of the ECS. The results demonstrate the quantitative source apportionments for different sources, reflecting the contributions of fossil fuels (coal combustion and petroleum-related emissions), biomass (C3 and C4 plants) combustion, and rock-weathering sources. The fossil combustion in BC accounts for 67%, with 23% for biomass sources, meanwhile the rock weathering source in BC is an average of 10%. These results show a remarkable similarity and extensive homologies at source apportionment of PAHs and BC in the ECS, even though some differences in source mechanisms and processes. These findings on the environmental source apportionment will provide a reference for improved emission inventories, and will help to provide guidance for the efforts to mitigate environmental pollution in the coastal areas and marginal sea.

20.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(9): 815-819, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377706

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize and analyze the experience in the diagnosis and treatment of sexual activity-related hematuria. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 12 cases of sexual activity-related hematuria treated in Changhai Hospital from October 2015 to April 2019. The patients ranged in age between 31 and 59 years, with a disease course of 2 weeks to 25 years, 6 complaining of urethral bleeding at penile erection and another 6 hematuria immediately after ejaculation, including 2 accompanied by hemospermia. All the patients underwent urethroscopy and cauterization of the lesioned urethral mucosa with the electric excision ring or holmium laser. In addition, one of the patients received seminal tract endoscopic exploration and seminal vesicle irrigation, and another one seminal tract endoscopy and transurethral resection of the prostate. RESULTS: All the patients were diagnosed with posterior urethral varicosity, one accompanied with bulbar and posterior urethral varicosity, one with seminal vesiculitis, and still another with BPH. The patients were followed up for 3-45 (mean 23.5) months, during which the symptoms of sexual activity-related hematuria disappeared in 11 cases, with smooth urination and no recurrence, and post-ejaculation hematuria developed in one case at 2 and 10 months postoperatively but never again thereafter. No complications, such as epididymitis, urethral stricture and ED, were observed in any of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Urethral varicosity should be first considered in patients with painless hematuria immediately after penile erection or sexual activity though other conditions such as seminal vesicle bleeding can also be taken into account. Urethroscopy combined with seminal tract endoscopy is effective in the diagnosis and treatment of sexual activity-related hematuria.


Assuntos
Hematúria/diagnóstico , Hematúria/terapia , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto , Hematúria/etiologia , Hemospermia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Resultado do Tratamento
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