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1.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 24-37, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415312

RESUMO

Wound healing is a highly orchestrated process involving a variety of cells, including immune cells. Developing immunomodulatory biomaterials for regenerative engineering applications, such as bone regeneration, is an appealing strategy. Herein, inspired by the immunomodulatory effects of gastrodin (a bioactive component in traditional Chinese herbal medicine), a series of new immunomodulatory gastrodin-comprising biodegradable polyurethane (gastrodin-PU) and nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) (gastrodin-PU/n-HA) composites were developed. RAW 264.7 macrophages, rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs), and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured with gastrodin-PU/n-HA containing different concentrations of gastrodin (0.5%, 1%, and 2%) to decipher their immunomodulatory effects on osteogenesis and angiogenesis in vitro. Results demonstrated that, compared with PU/n-HA, gastrodin-PU/n-HA induced macrophage polarization toward the M2 phenotype, as evidenced by the higher expression level of pro-regenerative cytokines (CD206, Arg-1) and the lower expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (iNOS). The expression levels of osteogenesis-related factors (BMP-2 and ALP) in the rBMSCs and angiogenesis-related factors (VEGF and BFGF) in the HUVECs were significantly up-regulated in gastrodin-PU/n-HA/macrophage-conditioned medium. The immunomodulatory effects of gastrodin-PU/n-HA to reprogram macrophages from a pro-inflammatory (M1) phenotype to an anti-inflammatory and pro-healing (M2) phenotype were validated in a rat subcutaneous implantation model. And the 2% gastrodin-PU/n-HA significantly decreased fibrous capsule formation and enhanced angiogenesis. Additionally, 2% gastrodin-PU/n-HA scaffolds implanted in the rat femoral condyle defect model showed accelerated osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Thus, the novel gastrodin-PU/n-HA scaffold may represent a new and promising immunomodulatory biomaterial for bone repair and regeneration.

2.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 15: 1651-1658, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092547

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the characteristics of patients calling the 120 emergency number for pre-hospital first aid in Keyouqian Banner, Hinggan League. Methods: The clinical data of adult patients with pre-hospital first aid from 2016 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: There were 2711 cases with pre-hospital first aid. Males significantly outnumbered females. Young and middle-aged patients comprised 81.5%. Patients were mainly Han and Mongolians. Most injuries and illnesses occurred at home and on the road. The time to arrival of medical services was 30.34 ± 28.29 minutes. The proportion of pre-hospital first aid for trauma was the highest, followed by diseases concerning the cardiovascular and neurological systems. The proportion of patients with improved medical conditions after onsite first aid was 43.3%, the proportion with unchanged conditions was 51.7%, and the total mortality rate was 3.9%. Conclusion: The disease spectrum, ethnic distribution, age at onset, and pre-hospital first aid capabilities for outpatients were analyzed. These results may facilitate the establishment of a pre-hospital first aid system for the local prevention and control of acute and critical illnesses, increase the success rate of the region's pre-hospital first aid services, and improve the prognosis.

3.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5431, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114181

RESUMO

Electrolyte engineering advances Li metal batteries (LMBs) with high Coulombic efficiency (CE) by constructing LiF-rich solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). However, the low conductivity of LiF disturbs Li+ diffusion across SEI, thus inducing Li+ transfer-driven dendritic deposition. In this work, we establish a mechanistic model to decipher how the SEI affects Li plating in high-fluorine electrolytes. The presented theory depicts a linear correlation between the capacity loss and current density to identify the slope k (determined by Li+ mobility of SEI components) as an indicator for describing the homogeneity of Li+ flux across SEI, while the intercept dictates the maximum CE that electrolytes can achieve. This model inspires the design of an efficient electrolyte that generates dual-halide SEI to homogenize Li+ distribution and Li deposition. The model-driven protocol offers a promising energetic analysis to evaluate the compatibility of electrolytes to Li anode, thus guiding the design of promising electrolytes for LMBs.

4.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 987324, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118247

RESUMO

Viral hepatitis is a major global public health problem that affects hundreds of millions of people and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Five biologically unrelated hepatotropic viruses account for the majority of the global burden of viral hepatitis, including hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV), and hepatitis E virus (HEV). Omics is defined as the comprehensive study of the functions, relationships and roles of various types of molecules in biological cells. The multi-omics analysis has been proposed and considered key to advancing clinical precision medicine, mainly including genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, metabolomics. Overall, the applications of multi-omics can show the origin of hepatitis viruses, explore the diagnostic and prognostics biomarkers and screen out the therapeutic targets for viral hepatitis and related diseases. To better understand the pathogenesis of viral hepatitis and related diseases, comprehensive multi-omics analysis has been widely carried out. This review mainly summarizes the applications of multi-omics in different types of viral hepatitis and related diseases, aiming to provide new insight into these diseases.

5.
Nat Metab ; 4(9): 1150-1165, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097183

RESUMO

Studies in genetically 'identical' individuals indicate that as much as 50% of complex trait variation cannot be traced to genetics or to the environment. The mechanisms that generate this 'unexplained' phenotypic variation (UPV) remain largely unknown. Here, we identify neuronatin (NNAT) as a conserved factor that buffers against UPV. We find that Nnat deficiency in isogenic mice triggers the emergence of a bi-stable polyphenism, where littermates emerge into adulthood either 'normal' or 'overgrown'. Mechanistically, this is mediated by an insulin-dependent overgrowth that arises from histone deacetylase (HDAC)-dependent ß-cell hyperproliferation. A multi-dimensional analysis of monozygotic twin discordance reveals the existence of two patterns of human UPV, one of which (Type B) phenocopies the NNAT-buffered polyphenism identified in mice. Specifically, Type-B monozygotic co-twins exhibit coordinated increases in fat and lean mass across the body; decreased NNAT expression; increased HDAC-responsive gene signatures; and clinical outcomes linked to insulinemia. Critically, the Type-B UPV signature stratifies both childhood and adult cohorts into four metabolic states, including two phenotypically and molecularly distinct types of obesity.

6.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 225: 107105, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Rigid reconstruction of chest wall defect seriously affects the postoperative respiratory owing to neglecting the functional role of natural costal cartilage. In the study, a 3D printing PEEK flexible implant was developed to restore the deformation capability during breathing motion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bionic spring structures in different region of implant were designed by taking into consideration of the anatomical morphology and materials properties of costal cartilage. The biomechanical properties of the rigid and flexible implants under the chest compression were compared through the finite element analysis. Two kinds of chest wall implant samples were fabricated with fused deposition modeling (FDM) technology to evaluate experimentally the mechanical behaviors. Finally, the restoration ability of respiratory function from the flexible implant was investigated in vivo. RESULTS: The flexible implant exhibited the similar stiffness to the natural thorax and satisfied the strength demand in the chest compression. The maximal impact force of flexible implant reached to 536 N. The fatigue failure of complete flexible implant was revealed from the initiation and propagation of interlaminar crack to the fracture in a zigzag manner. Animal experiments validated that the parameters characterizing respiratory could be recovered to the preoperative and normal state. CONCLUSIONS: In the study, the flexible implant provided these advantages for perfect replication of thoracic shape, reliable safety, and great deformation capability to response respiratory movement, which given a superior treatment for chest wall reconstruction.

7.
Lipids Health Dis ; 21(1): 90, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We wanted to explore how angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3) impact hyperlipidemia-induced renal injury. METHODS: ANGPTL3 knockout mice and wild-type C57 mice were set up in four groups (N = 5) depending on a normal or 60% high-fat diet: wild-type with normal diet (WT), angptl3-/- with normal diet (KO), wild-type + high-fat diet (WT + HF) and angptl3-/- + high-fat diet (KO + HF). The detection time points were the 9th, 13th, 17th and 21st weeks after modeling. Serum lipid and urinary protein levels of mice in each group were detected, and pathological changes in the kidney were analyzed. Moreover, the expression of ANGPTL3, α-actinin-4 (ACTN4), CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) and podocin was tested in the glomerulus by immunohistochemistry (IHC). RESULTS: In the WT + HF group, hyperlipidemia and proteinuria could be observed at the 9th week and were gradually aggravated with time. Compared with WT + HF mice, the levels of serum lipids and proteinuria in KO + HF mice were significantly reduced, and the width of podocyte foot processes (FPs) fusion was also markedly improved. The IHC results suggested that in WT + HF mice, the expression of ANGPTL3 was significantly enhanced. After modeling, ACTN4 expression was markedly weakened in the glomeruli of WT + HF mice. Different to WT mice, ACTN4 expression was not observed obviously change in KO + HF mice. Compared with the normal diet group, the expression of podocin showed a decline in WT mice treated with high-fat diet and showed a significant difference from the 17th week. In addition, podocin expression in KO + HF glomeruli was also found to be weak but not significantly different from that in WT + HF glomeruli at the four time points. The expression of CD2AP showed similar results among the four groups. CONCLUSION: ANGPTL3 could play a role in the mechanism of hyperlipidemia-associated podocyte injury via ACTN4.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Hiperlipidemias , Actinina/genética , Proteína 3 Semelhante a Angiopoietina , Proteínas Semelhantes a Angiopoietina/genética , Proteínas Semelhantes a Angiopoietina/metabolismo , Angiopoietinas , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Hiperlipidemias/genética , Hiperlipidemias/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteinúria
8.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094814

RESUMO

Tobacco black shank caused by Phytophthora nicotianae is a serious disease in tobacco cultivation. We found that naringenin is a key factor that causes different sensitivity to P. nicotianae between resistant and susceptible tobacco. The level of basal flavonoids in resistant tobacco was distinct from that in susceptible tobacco. Of all flavonoids with different content, naringenin showed the best antimicrobial activity against mycelial growth and sporangia production of P. nicotianae in vitro. However, naringenin showed very low or no antimicrobial activity to other plant pathogens. We found that naringenin induced not only the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, but also the expression of salicylic acid biosynthesis-related genes. Naringenin induced the expression of the basal pathogen resistance gene PR1 and the SAR8.2 gene that contributes to plant resistance to P. nicotianae. We then interfered with the expression of the chalcone synthase (NtCHS) gene, the key gene of the naringenin synthesis pathway, to inhibit naringenin biosynthesis. NtCHS-RNAi rendered tobacco highly sensitive to P. nicotianae, but there was no change in susceptibility to another plant pathogen, Ralstonia solanacearum. Finally, exogenous application of naringenin on susceptible tobacco enhanced resistance to P. nicotianae and naringenin was very stable in this environment. Our findings revealed that naringenin plays a core role in the defence against P. nicotianae and expanded the possibilities for the application of plant secondary metabolites in the control of P. nicotianae.

9.
Cell Signal ; 99: 110444, 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988805

RESUMO

The exact role of autophagy in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is still controversial. Excessive or insufficient autophagy may lead to cell death. Therefore, how to regulate autophagic balance during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion is critical to the treatment of myocardial I/R injury. Raptor is an mTOR regulatory related protein and closely related to the induction of autophagy. ZNF143 is widely expressed in various cells and acts as a transcription factor, which is involved in the regulation of autophagy, cell growth and development. In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanism by which ZNF143 regulated autophagy in myocardial I/R injury and the relationship between ZNF143 and Raptor. In our results, we found that ZNF143 expression was down-regulated in myocardial I/R. Inhibition of ZNF143 expression further enhanced autophagy and restored the deficiency of autophagic flux caused by myocardial I/R, subsequently alleviating myocardial I/R injury. On the other hand, overexpression of ZNF143 up-regulated Raptor expression and reduced autophagic activity, consequently exacerbating myocardial I/R injury. Taken together, our study revealed that ZNF143 might be a key target of the regulation of autophagy and a novel therapeutic target of myocardial I/R injury.

11.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(15)2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35953936

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by M. tuberculosis (M.tb), is the leading infectious cause of mortality worldwide. The emergence of drug-resistant M.tb has made the control of TB more difficult. In our study, we investigated the ability of microorganism fermentation products from the soil to inhibit M.tb. We successfully identified four fermentation products (Micromonospora chokoriensis, Micromonospora purpureochromogenes, Micromonospora profundi, Streptomyces flavofungini) that inhibited the growth of M.tb in vitro and in intracellular bacteria at 25 µg/mL MIC. Importantly, the fermentation products decreased some essential gene expression levels for M.tb growth. Our data provide the possibility that microbial fermentation products have potential development value for anti-M.tb drugs.

12.
J Reconstr Microsurg ; 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35952677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Commercially available near infrared spectroscopy devices for continuous free flap tissue oxygenation (StO2) monitoring can only be used on flaps with a cutaneous component. Additionally, differences in skin quality and pigmentation may alter StO2 measurements. Here, we present a novel implantable heat convection probe that measures microvascular blood flow for peripheral monitoring of free flaps, and is not subject to the same issues that limit the clinical utility of near-infrared spectroscopy. METHODS: The intratissue microvascular flow-sensing device includes a resistive heater, 4 thermistors, a small battery, and a Bluetooth chip, which allows connection to a smart device. Convection of applied heat is measured and mathematically transformed into a measurement of blood flow velocity. This was tested alongside Vioptix T.Ox in a porcine rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap model of arterial and venous occlusion. After flap elevation, the thermal device was deployed intramuscularly, and the cutaneous T.Ox device was applied. Acland clamps were alternately applied to the flap artery and veins to achieve 15 minutes periods of flap ischemia and congestion with a 15 minutes intervening recovery period. In total, five devices were tested in three flaps in three separate pigs over 16 vaso-occlusive events. RESULTS: Flow measurements were responsive to both ischemia and congestion, and returned to baseline during recovery periods. Flow measurements corresponded closely with measured StO2. Cross-correlation at zero lag showed agreement between these two sensing modalities. Two novel devices tested simultaneously on the same flap showed only minor variations in flow measurements. CONCLUSION: This novel probe is capable of detecting changes in tissue microcirculatory blood flow. This device performed well in a swine model of flap ischemia and congestion, and shows promise as a potentially useful clinical tool. Future studies will investigate performance in fasciocutaneous flaps and characterize longevity of the device over a period of several days.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35974282

RESUMO

Recycling organic waste and converting them into renewable energy are a promising route for environment protection and effective biochemical reactions suitable for industrial hydrogen synthesis. This study targeted to isolate a pure anaerobic culture with potential to hydrolyze different biomass and production of biohydrogen. For this, a sample of full-scale anaerobic digester, fed with a multicomponent solid, was inoculated on Reinforced Clostridial Medium (RCM) in strict anaerobic conditions. An anaerobic Clostridium butyricum CBT-1 strain was isolated, identified from morphological and 16S rRNA sequence. The CBT-1 culture expressed amylase, cellulase and peroxidases activities. The strain exhibited visual decolorization of both Azure B and crystal violet dyes. In batch fermentation experiment, the CBT-1 produced highest of 3.06, 2.67 and 2.46 mol/mol H2 yield from glucose, starch and cellulose respectively, whereas, the CBT-1 showed low 0.43 mol H2/mol of substrate from untreated rice straw due to lignin in compact structure and comparatively high H2 yield of 1.91 and 2.01 mol H2/mol of substrate rice straw hydrolysate and kitchen food waste (KFWS) respectively. The cumulative volumetric yield of H2 was 358.15, 300.8 and 294.5NmL/gSub from glucose, starch and cellulose respectively. Similarly, the cumulative H2 volume was 76.7, 184.4, 237.2 NmL/gVS from untreated rice straw, rice straw hydrolysate and kitchen food waste. This study emphasizes the prospects to find similar robust anaerobic culture for hydrolyzing complex biomass. Such strains could be used as standard co-inoculum for biohydrogen obtaining and as the biocatalyst for commercial scale applications.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 61(32): 12692-12697, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914238

RESUMO

The insulating iron compounds Eu2SrFe2O6 and Sr3Fe2O4Cl2 have high-temperature antiferromagnetic (AF) order despite their different layered structures. Here, we carry out density functional calculations and Monte Carlo simulations to study their electronic structures and magnetic properties aided with analyses of the crystal field, magnetic anisotropy, and superexchange. We find that both compounds are Mott insulators and in the high-spin (HS) Fe2+ state (S = 2) accompanied by the weakened crystal field. Although they have different local coordination and crystal fields, the Fe2+ ions have the same level sequence and ground-state configuration (3z2-r2)2(xz, yz)2(xy)1(x2-y2)1. Then, the multiorbital superexchange produces strong AF couplings, and the (3z2-r2)/(xz, yz) mixing via the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) yields a small in-plane orbital moment and anisotropy. Indeed, by tracing a set of different spin-orbital states, our density functional calculations confirm the strong AF couplings and the easy planar magnetization for both compounds. Moreover, using the derived magnetic parameters, our Monte Carlo simulations give the Néel temperature TN = 420 K (372 K) for the former (the latter), which well reproduce the experimental results. Therefore, the present study provides a unified picture for Eu2SrFe2O6 and Sr3Fe2O4Cl2 concerning their electronic and magnetic properties.

15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(4): 1101-1108, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35981368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen the differential expression of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) autophagy-related gene (ARG), explore the mechanism of differential expression of autophagy gene (DEARG) in the occurrence and development of DLBCL and establish a prognostic model. METHODS: Using the NCICCR database containing clinical information and gene expression profile data of 481 patients with DLBCL and the HADb database containing 232 ARGs, the differential expression of ARG in DLBCL was determined by R language, the relationship between ARG and the occurrence and development of DLBCL was analyzed by GO and KEGG, the polygene prognostic model was established by Cox regression algorithm, the survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method, and the reliability of the prognostic model was evaluated by ROC curve. RESULTS: A total of 122 DEARGs were extracted from lymph node samples of 481 patients with DLBCL and 5 normal lymph nodes, including 4 up-regulated genes and 118 down-regulated genes. GO enrichment mainly focused on ontological annotations such as mitochondrial autophagy, autophagy regulation, and cell response to external stimuli. KEGG enrichment was mainly concentrated in cell senescence, NOD-like receptor signal pathway, PI3K-Akt signal pathway, and PD-1/PD-L1 signal pathway. Survival analysis was performed on 230 samples with complete clinical information. Univariate Cox analysis showed that 20 ARGs were significantly correlated with overall survival of DLBCL patients. Nine prognostic ARGs (HIF1A, CAPN1, ITPR1, PRKCQ, TRAIL, HDAC1, TSC2, NRG3, and MAPK3) were screened by multivariate Cox regression to establish DLBCL ARG prognostic model. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that there was significant difference in survival rate between high risk group and low risk group (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that international prognostic index and risk value were independent prognostic indicators of DLBCL patients (P<0.05), the area under ROC curve was 0.762 and 0.747, respectively. CONCLUSION: DLBCL ARG prognostic model can be used to predict the prognosis of patients, but it still needs to be confirmed by a large sample of clinical studies.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Autofagia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
STAR Protoc ; 3(3): 101485, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35776652

RESUMO

We present a protocol which implements deep learning-based identification of the lung adenocarcinoma category with high accuracy and generalizability, and labeling of the high-risk area on Computed Tomography (CT) images. The protocol details the execution of the python project based on the dataset used in the original publication or a custom dataset. Detailed steps include data standardization, data preprocessing, model implementation, results display through heatmaps, and statistical analysis process with Origin software or python codes. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Chen et al. (2022).


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
17.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11968, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831628

RESUMO

Presently, research on deep learning-based change detection (CD) methods has become a hot topic. In particular, feature pyramid networks (FPNs) are widely used in CD tasks to gradually fuse semantic features. However, existing FPN-based CD methods do not correctly detect the complete change region and cannot accurately locate the boundaries of the change region. To solve these problems, a new Multi-Scale Feature Progressive Fusion Network (MFPF-Net) is proposed, which consists of three innovative modules: Layer Feature Fusion Module (LFFM), Multi-Scale Feature Aggregation Module (MSFA), and Multi-Scale Feature Distribution Module (MSFD). Specifically, we first concatenate the features of each layer extracted from the bi-temporal images with their difference maps, and the resulting change maps fuse richer semantic information while effectively representing change regions. Then, the obtained change maps of each layer are directly aggregated, which improves the effective communication and full fusion of feature maps in CD while avoiding the interference of indirect information. Finally, the aggregated feature maps are layered again by pooling and convolution operations, and then a feature fusion strategy with a pyramid structure is used, with layers fused from low to high, to obtain richer contextual information, so that each layer of the layered feature maps has original semantic information and semantic features of other layers. We conducted comprehensive experiments on three publicly available benchmark datasets, CDD, LEVIR-CD, and WHU-CD to verify the effectiveness of the method, and the experimental results show that the method in this paper outperforms other comparative methods.

18.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 11(6): 1119-1131, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832445

RESUMO

Background: Although the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can be assessed based on pathological type, disease stage and inflammatory indicators, the prognostic scoring model of NSCLC still needs to improve. HDAC11 is associated with poor prognosis of partial tumors, but its prognostic relationship with NSCLC is poorly understood. In this study, the role of HDAC11 in NSCLC was studied to evaluate relationship with disease prognosis and potential therapeutic target. Methods: The clinicopathological and paracancerous tissues of patients with NSCLC primarily diagnosed in Tangdu Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were collected. Follow-up of patients were made every three months and the last follow-up period was December 2018. The expression of HDAC11 was assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Then, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to analyze the relationship between HDAC11 expression and the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Kaplan-Meier plotter database was used to verify the connection between hub genes and tumor stage and prognosis. We accessed the relationship between HDAC11 expression and clinicopathological features, and impact on the prognosis. Results: The study assessed 326 patients with NSCLC. Compared with adjacent tissues, HDAC11 expression was upregulated (HR =1.503, 95% CI: 1.172 to 1.927, P=0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analyses showed that HDAC11 expression was closely related to OS of NSCLC patients (P=0.0011). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that the independent risk factors of OS were clinical stage, HDAC11 expression, and HDAC11 differentiation (all P≤0.001). HDAC11 was significantly associated with prognosis in LUAD. A total of 1,174 differential genes and WGCNA were obtained to construct a co-expression network in LUAD. The GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses showed the relevance with staphylococcus aureus infection, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, and others. The results of LUAD survival analysis showed that HDAC11-related genes NKX2-5 and FABP7 were significantly associated with LUAD prognosis. Conclusions: The high expression of HDAC11 is related to the poor prognosis of LUAD, and it is expected to become a therapeutic target and prognostic evaluation therapy for LUAD in the future. However, the relevant results need to be further studied and verified.

19.
Front Psychol ; 13: 838765, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35846603

RESUMO

People tend to misestimate their future emotions. This phenomenon is thought to be associated with information accessibility. However, few studies have demonstrated the impact of context-specific information accessibility on affective forecasting. This research investigated the effects of information accessibility on affective forecasting in career context (i.e., occupational engagement was seen as information accessibility), during which surprise or not surprise context was played simultaneously. We found that affective forecasting appeared stably across emotional response types. Specifically, there was an underestimation in interest appraisals and an overestimation in satisfaction. These biases were influenced by occupational engagement, which only worked in career interest appraisals. High occupational engagement made people estimate their future emotions more accurately and overcome their forecasting bias. Surprisingness was then manipulated further to explain whether it could impact the effect of occupational engagement on affective forecasting. The emotional responses in both prediction and experience were affected by surprisingness, thus causing no affective forecasting biases. These results suggest the role of occupational engagement in affective forecasting and provide evidence supporting the information accessibility model about the mechanism in affective forecasting.

20.
Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr ; 11(3): 400-411, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693397

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent in patients who undergo liver transplantation (LT). Whereas there is huge data on NAFLD, little is known about NAFLD in LT. In this review, we aim to explore extrahepatic organs and their potential mechanisms in the development of NAFLD in LT patients and discuss current limitations in preclinical and clinical scenarios with suggestions for future study. Methods: The following keywords, such as NAFLD, NASH, liver transplant, therapy, pathogenesis and biomarkers, were set for literature retrieval. The articles which were published articles in English till 25th June 2020 in PubMed database were included, and there is no limit for the study design type. Key Content and Findings: Following LT, there are significant shifts in the microbiota and farnesoid X receptor may be a potential therapeutic target for NAFLD in LT settings. The roles of probiotics and diet on NALFD remain inconclusive in LT background. Nevertheless, the adipokines and cytokines disorder and local insulin resistance of adipose tissue may contribute to NAFLD process. Bariatric surgeries are promising in controlling de novo and recurrent NAFLD with significant reduction in abdominal adipose tissue, despite the optimal timing is inconclusive in LT cases. Furthermore, circumstantial evidence indicates that miRNA-33a may function as a mediator bridging sarcopenia and NAFLD of post-LT. ß-Hydroxy-ß-Methyl-Butyrate treatment could improve muscle status in graft recipients and shows protective potential for NAFLD in LT settings. Conclusions: Gut, adipose tissue and muscle are intricately intertwined in promoting NAFLD in LT cases. Further animal studies are needed to deepen our understanding of mechanisms in multi-organ crosstalk. High quality clinical trials are warrant for making guidelines and developing management strategies on NAFLD after LT.

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