Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 601
Filtrar
1.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 137, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the increasing prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC), optimizing perioperative management is of paramount importance. This study investigates the potential of stellate ganglion block (SGB), known for its stress response-mediating effects, in improving postoperative recovery. We postulate that preoperative SGB may enhance the postoperative recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopic CRC surgery. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of 57 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery at a single center. Patients, aged 18-70 years, were randomly assigned to receive either preoperative SGB or standard care. SGB group patients received 10 mL of 0.2% ropivacaine under ultrasound guidance prior to surgery. Primary outcome was time to flatus, with secondary outcomes encompassing time to defecation, lying in bed time, visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, hospital stays, patient costs, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and 3-year mortality. A per-protocol analysis was used. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients in the SGB group and 28 patients in the control group were analyzed. The SGB group exhibited a significantly shorter time to flatus (mean [SD] hour, 20.52 [9.18] vs. 27.93 [11.69]; p = 0.012), accompanied by decreased plasma cortisol levels (mean [SD], postoperatively, 4.01 [3.42] vs 7.75 [3.13], p = 0.02). Notably, postoperative pain was effectively managed, evident by lower VAS scores at 6 h post-surgery in SGB-treated patients (mean [SD], 4.70 [0.91] vs 5.35 [1.32]; p = 0.040). Furthermore, patients in the SGB group experienced reduced hospital stay length (mean [SD], day, 6.61 [1.57] vs 8.72 [5.13], p = 0.042). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative SGB emerges as a promising approach to enhance the postoperative recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopic CRC surgery. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1900028404, Principal investigator: Xia Feng, Date of registration: 12/20/2019.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Gânglio Estrelado , Flatulência/complicações , Método Duplo-Cego , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37411, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy is a commonly performed gastroenterological procedure in patients associated with anxiety and pain. Various approaches have been used to provide sedation and analgesia during colonoscopy, including patient-controlled analgesia and sedation (PCAS). This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and efficiency of PCAS administered with propofol and remifentanil for colonoscopy. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was performed in an authorized and approved endoscopy center. A total of 80 outpatients were recruited for the colonoscopy studies. Patients were randomly allocated into PCAS and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) groups. In the PCAS group, the dose of 0.1 ml/kg/min of the mixture was injected after an initial bolus of 3 ml mixture (1 ml containing 3 mg of propofol and 10 µg of remifentanil). Each 1 ml of bolus was delivered with a lockout time of 1 min. In the TIVA group, patients were administered fentanyl 1 µg/kg, midazolam 0.02 mg/kg, and propofol (dosage titrated). Cardiorespiratory parameters and auditory evoked response index were continuously monitored during the procedure. The recovery from anesthesia was assessed using the Aldrete scale and the Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale. The Visual Analogue Scale was used to assess the satisfaction of patients and endoscopists. RESULTS: No statistical differences were observed in the Visual Analogue Scale scores of the patients (9.58 vs 9.50) and the endoscopist (9.43 vs 9.30). A significant decline in the mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and auditory evoked response index parameters was recorded in the TIVA group (P < 0.05). The recovery time was significantly shorter in the PCAS group than in the TIVA group (P = 0.00). CONCLUSION: The combination of remifentanil and propofol could provide sufficient analgesia, better hemodynamic stability, lighter sedation, and faster recovery in the PCAS group of patients compared with the TIVA group.


Assuntos
Agnosia , Propofol , Humanos , Remifentanil , Midazolam , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Fentanila , Anestesia Intravenosa , Anestesia Geral , Colonoscopia , Dor
4.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1296777, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469347

RESUMO

Phage therapy is a potential approach in the biocontrol of foodborne pathogens. However, the emergence of phage resistance and the narrow host range of most phage isolates continue to limit the antimicrobial efficacy of phages. Here, we investigated the potential of the pqsA gene, encoding the anthranilate-CoA ligase enzyme, as an adjuvant for phage therapy. The knockout of the pqsA gene significantly enhanced the bactericidal effect of phages vB_Pae_QDWS and vB_Pae_S1 against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Under phage infection pressure, the growth of the PaΔpqsA was significantly inhibited within 8 h compared to the wild-type PAO1. Furthermore, we found that altering phage adsorption is not how PaΔpqsA responds to phage infection. Although pqsA represents a promising target for enhancing phage killing, it may not be applicable to all phages, such as types vB_Pae_W3 and vB_Pae_TR. Our findings provide new material reserves for the future design of novel phage-based therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos , Terapia por Fagos , Infecções por Pseudomonas , Fagos de Pseudomonas , Humanos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Fagos de Pseudomonas/genética , Infecções por Pseudomonas/terapia , Mutação
5.
J Cent Nerv Syst Dis ; 16: 11795735241237627, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449707

RESUMO

Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are congenital developmental malformations located in the hypothalamus. They are associated with a characteristic clinical manifestation known as gelastic seizures (GS). However, the traditional understanding of HHs has been limited, resulting in insufficient treatment options and high recurrence rates of seizures after surgery. This is consistent with the network hypothesis of focal epilepsy that the epileptogenic zone is not only limited to HH but may also involve the distant cerebral cortex external to the HH mass. The epilepsy network theory, on the other hand, provides a new perspective. In this study, we aim to explore HH-related epilepsy as a network disease, challenging the conventional notion of being a focal lesional disease. We analyze various aspects of HHs, including genes and signaling pathways, local circuits, the whole-brain level, phenotypical expression in terms of seizure semiology, and comorbidities. By examining HHs through the lens of network theory, we can enhance our understanding of the condition and potentially identify novel approaches for more effective management and treatment of epilepsy associated with HHs.


Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are unusual brain malformations present from birth in the hypothalamus region. They often lead to a distinctive type of seizures known as GSs. However, our current understanding of HHs is limited, and this has made it challenging to treat them effectively. Many patients continue to experience seizures even after surgery. We've typically considered HH-related epilepsy as a localized problem, but a new theory suggests that it may involve a network of brain areas. In our study, we aim to change the way we view HH-related epilepsy. Instead of thinking of it as a single lesion in the brain, we explore the idea that it's a network disease. To do this, we'll investigate various aspects of HHs, such as the genes and pathways involved, how different parts of the brain interact, the impact on the whole brain, the types of seizures experienced, and any related health issues. By looking at HHs through this network theory, we hope to gain a deeper understanding of the condition and potentially discover new ways to manage and treat epilepsy associated with HHs. This shift in perspective could offer hope to those living with HH-related epilepsy and lead to more effective treatments, ultimately improving their quality of life.

6.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Split liver transplantation increases graft availability, but its safe and effective utilization is insufficiently documented. This study aimed to investigate the association between perioperative body composition abnormalities and outcomes in adult split liver transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 240 recipients who underwent split liver transplantation in three centers were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Body composition abnormalities including sarcopenia, myosteatosis, visceral obesity, and sarcopenic obesity were evaluated at baseline and one month after surgery using computed tomography. Their impact on outcomes including early allograft dysfunction, early complications, intensive care unit stay, graft regeneration rate and survival was analyzed. RESULTS: Recipients with sarcopenia or myosteatosis had a higher risk of early allograft dysfunction, higher early complication rate, and longer length of intensive care unit stay (all P<0.05), while there was no difference in graft regeneration rate. Recipient and graft survival were significantly worse for recipients with body composition abnormalities (all P<0.05). In multivariable Cox-regression analysis, sarcopenia (hazard ratio=1.765, P=0.015), myosteatosis (hazard ratio=2.066, P=0.002), and visceral obesity (hazard ratio=1.863, P=0.008) were independently associated with shorter overall survival. Piling up of the three factors increased the mortality risk stepwise (P<0.001). Recipients experienced skeletal muscle loss and muscle fat infiltration one month after surgery. Postoperative worsening sarcopenia (hazard ratio=2.359, P=0.009) and myosteatosis (hazard ratio=1.878, P=0.026) were also identified as independent risk factors for mortality. CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia, myosteatosis and their progression negatively affect outcomes including early allograft dysfunction, early complications, intensive care unit stay and survival after SLT. Systemic evaluation and dynamic monitoring of body composition are valuable.

7.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex-specific differences are observed in various liver diseases, but the influence of sex on the outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver transplantation (LT) remains to be determined. This study is the first Chinese nationwide investigation of the role of sex in post-LT outcomes in patients with HCC. METHODS: Data for recipients with HCC registered in the China Liver Transplant Registry between January 2015 and December 2020 were analyzed. The associations between donor, recipient, or donor-recipient transplant patterns by sex and the post-LT outcomes were studied with propensity score matching (PSM). The survival associated with different sex-based donor-recipient transplant patterns was further studied. RESULTS: Among 3,769 patients enrolled in this study, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of patients with HCC after LT were 96.1%, 86.4%, and 78.5%, respectively, in female recipients, and 95.8%, 79.0%, and 70.7%, respectively, in male recipients after PSM (P = 0.009). However, the OS was comparable between recipients with female donors and male donors. Multivariate analysis indicated that male recipient sex was a risk factor for post-LT survival (HR = 1.381, P = 0.046). Among the donor-recipient transplant patterns, the male-male donor-recipient transplant pattern was associated with the poorest post-LT survival (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlighted that the post-LT outcomes of female recipients were significantly superior to those of male recipients, and the male-male donor-recipient transplant pattern was associated with the poorest post-LT survival. Livers from male donors may provide the most benefit to female recipients. Our results indicate that sex should be considered as a critical factor in organ allocation.

8.
Epidemiology ; 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38465940

RESUMO

Understanding the incidence of disease is often crucial for public policy decision-making, as observed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Estimating incidence is challenging, however, when the definition of incidence relies on tests that imperfectly measure disease, as in the case when assays with variable performance are used to detect the SARS-CoV-2 virus. To our knowledge there are no pragmatic methods to address the bias introduced by performance of labs in testing for the virus. In the setting of a longitudinal study, we developed a maximum likelihood estimation (MLE)-based approach to estimate laboratory performance-adjusted incidence using the expectation-maximization algorithm. We constructed confidence intervals (CIs) using both bootstrapped-based and large-sample interval estimator approaches. We evaluated our methods through extensive simulation and applied them to a real-world study (TrackCOVID), where the primary goal was to determine the incidence of and risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection in the San Francisco Bay Area during July 2020 to March 2021. Our simulations demonstrated that our method converged rapidly with accurate estimates under a variety of scenarios. Bootstrapped-based confidence intervals (CIs) were comparable to the large-sample estimator CIs with a reasonable number of incident cases, shown via a simulation scenario based on the real TrackCOVID study. In more extreme simulated scenarios, the coverage of large-sample interval estimation outperformed the bootstrapped-based approach. Results from application to the TrackCOVID Study suggested that assuming perfect laboratory test performance can lead to inaccurate inference of the incidence. Our flexible, pragmatic method can be extended to a variety of disease and study settings.

9.
Pulm Circ ; 14(1): e12333, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38333073

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare subgroup of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Claims and administrative databases can be particularly important for research in rare diseases; however, there is a lack of validated algorithms to identify PAH patients using administrative codes. We aimed to measure the accuracy of code-based PAH algorithms against the true clinical diagnosis by right heart catheterization (RHC). This study evaluated algorithms in patients who were recorded in two linkable data assets: the Stanford Healthcare administrative electronic health record database and the Stanford Vera Moulton Wall Center clinical PH database (which records each patient's RHC diagnosis). We assessed the sensitivity and specificity achieved by 16 algorithms (six published). In total, 720 PH patients with linked data available were included and 558 (78%) of these were PAH patients. Algorithms consisting solely of a P(A)H-specific diagnostic code classed all or almost all PH patients as PAH (sensitivity >97%, specificity <12%) while multicomponent algorithms with well-defined temporal sequences of procedure, diagnosis and treatment codes achieved a better balance of sensitivity and specificity. Specificity increased and sensitivity decreased with increasing algorithm complexity. The best-performing algorithms, in terms of fewest misclassified patients, included multiple components (e.g., PH diagnosis, PAH treatment, continuous enrollment for ≥6 months before and ≥12 months following index date) and achieved sensitivities and specificities of around 95% and 38%, respectively. Our findings help researchers tailor their choice and design of code-based PAH algorithms to their research question and demonstrate the importance of including well-defined temporal components in the algorithms.

10.
Nature ; 627(8002): 101-107, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418886

RESUMO

Li-ion batteries (LIBs) for electric vehicles and aviation demand high energy density, fast charging and a wide operating temperature range, which are virtually impossible because they require electrolytes to simultaneously have high ionic conductivity, low solvation energy and low melting point and form an anion-derived inorganic interphase1-5. Here we report guidelines for designing such electrolytes by using small-sized solvents with low solvation energy. The tiny solvent in the secondary solvation sheath pulls out the Li+ in the primary solvation sheath to form a fast ion-conduction ligand channel to enhance Li+ transport, while the small-sized solvent with low solvation energy also allows the anion to enter the first Li+ solvation shell to form an inorganic-rich interphase. The electrolyte-design concept is demonstrated by using fluoroacetonitrile (FAN) solvent. The electrolyte of 1.3 M lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) in FAN exhibits ultrahigh ionic conductivity of 40.3 mS cm-1 at 25 °C and 11.9 mS cm-1 even at -70 °C, thus enabling 4.5-V graphite||LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 pouch cells (1.2 Ah, 2.85 mAh cm-2) to achieve high reversibility (0.62 Ah) when the cells are charged and discharged even at -65 °C. The electrolyte with small-sized solvents enables LIBs to simultaneously achieve high energy density, fast charging and a wide operating temperature range, which is unattainable for the current electrolyte design but is highly desired for extreme LIBs. This mechanism is generalizable and can be expanded to other metal-ion battery electrolytes.

11.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 95, 2024 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The remarkable regenerative capacity of the liver enables recovery after radical Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection. After resection, macrophages secrete interleukin 6 and hepatocyte growth factors to promote liver regeneration. Ten-eleven translocation-2 (Tet2) DNA dioxygenase regulates pro-inflammatory factor secretion in macrophages. In this study, we explored the role of Tet2 in macrophages and its function independent of its enzymatic activity in liver regeneration. METHODS: The model of liver regeneration after 70% partial hepatectomy (PHx) is a classic universal model for studying reparative processes in the liver. Mice were euthanized at 0, 24, and 48 h after PHx. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, immunofluorescence analysis, and flow cytometry were performed to explore immune cell infiltration and liver regenerative capability. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to study the interaction between Tet2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (Stat1). RESULTS: Tet2 in macrophages negatively regulated liver regeneration in the partial hepatectomy mice model. Tet2 interacted with Stat1, inhibiting the expression of proinflammatory factors and suppressing liver regeneration. The Tet2 inhibitor attenuated the interaction between Stat1 and Tet2, enhanced Stat1 phosphorylation, and promoted hepatocyte proliferation. The proliferative function of the Tet2 inhibitor relied on macrophages and did not affect hepatocytes directly. CONCLUSION: Our findings underscore that Tet2 in macrophages negatively regulates liver regeneration by interacting with Stat1. Targeting Tet2 in macrophages promotes liver regeneration and function after a hepatectomy, presenting a novel target to promote liver regeneration and function.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Camundongos , Animais , Regeneração Hepática/fisiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Ativação de Macrófagos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Hepatectomia , Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células
12.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 65: 152405, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adolescent-onset gout has a greater impact on the lives and health of patients than adult-onset gout. However, there is a relative lack of clinical information on adolescent-onset gout. Hence, we analyzed a Chinese cohort. METHODS: We studied clinical features of 9,003 Chinese patients. Gout onset age of 12 - 19 years is defined as adolescent-onset group (AG), 20 - 40 years as early-onset group (EG), and 41 - 64 years as late-onset group (LG). Multivariable regression analysis evaluated factors associated with recurrent flares, serum urate (SU) levels, and underexcretion type in AG. RESULTS: Compared with EG and LG, the AG had higher SU levels [AG: 9.5 (2.2) mg/dL, EG: 8.6 (2.1) mg/dL, LG: 7.73 (2.0) mg/dL, P < 0.001], higher percentage of positive family history of gout (AG: 41.8 %, EG: 29.6 %, LG: 24.6 %, P < 0.001), underexcretion type (AG: 62.4 %, EG: 62.5 %, LG: 58.8 %, P = 0.04), recurrent flares (AG: 78.1 %, EG: 70.3 %, LG: 68.9 %, P = 0.01). Urate-lowering therapy (ULT) initiated [OR 6.58 (95 % CI 1.35 - 32.00)] and hypercholesterolemia [OR 4.16 (95 % CI 1.28 - 13.53)] were associated with recurrent flares. eGFR was identified to be a significant variable of increasing SU levels [beta -0.24 (95 % CI -0.04 to -0.01)]. Hypertriglyceridemia [OR 0.35 (95 % CI 0.17 - 0.71)] was related to underexcretion type. CONCLUSION: Adolescent-onset gout patients had clinically distinctive features with higher SU levels, BMI, positive gout family history, underexcretion type and recurrent flares. These specific populations were less likely to achieve ULT target, requiring more clinical attention.


Assuntos
Gota , Ácido Úrico , Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Estudos Transversais , Supressores da Gota/uso terapêutico , Gota/diagnóstico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , China
13.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1297454, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380324

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the bidirectional causal relationship between Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) and Osteoarthritis (OA) at the genetic level within the European ancestry. Methods: We implemented a series of quality control steps to select instrumental variables (IVs) related to the exposure. We conducted two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) using the inverse-variance weighted method as the primary approach. We adjusted significance levels using Bonferroni correction, assessed heterogeneity using Cochrane's Q test. Sensitivity analysis was conducted through leave-one-out method. Additionally, external datasets and relaxed IV selection criteria were employed, and multivariate MR analyses were performed for validation purposes. Finally, Bayesian colocalization (COLOC) analysis identified common genes, validating the MR results. Results: The investigation focused on the correlation between OA and AS in knee, hip, and hand joints. MR results revealed that individuals with AS exhibit a decreased risk of knee OA (OR = 0.9882, 95% CI: 0.9804-0.9962) but no significant increase in the risk of hip OA (OR = 0.9901, 95% CI: 0.9786-1.0018). Conversely, AS emerged as a risk factor for hand OA (OR = 1.0026, 95% CI: 1.0015-1.0036). In reverse-direction MR analysis, OA did not significantly influence the occurrence of AS. Importantly, minimal heterogeneity was observed in our MR analysis results (p > 0.05), and the robustness of these findings was confirmed through sensitivity analysis and multivariate MR analysis. COLOC analysis identified four colocalized variants for AS and hand OA (rs74707996, rs75240935, rs181468789, and rs748670681). Conclusion: In European population, individuals with AS have a relatively lower risk of knee OA, whereas AS serves as a risk factor for hand OA. However, no significant causal relationship was found between AS and hip OA. Additionally, it offers novel insights into genetic research on AS and OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Espondilite Anquilosante , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/genética , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/genética , Teorema de Bayes , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Causalidade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/genética
14.
Adv Mater ; 36(15): e2307782, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303684

RESUMO

Bio/ecoresorbable electronic systems create unique opportunities in implantable medical devices that serve a need over a finite time period and then disappear naturally to eliminate the need for extraction surgeries. A critical challenge in the development of this type of technology is in materials that can serve as thin, stable barriers to surrounding ground water or biofluids, yet ultimately dissolve completely to benign end products. This paper describes a class of inorganic material (silicon oxynitride, SiON) that can be formed in thin films by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition for this purpose. In vitro studies suggest that SiON and its dissolution products are biocompatible, indicating the potential for its use in implantable devices. A facile process to fabricate flexible, wafer-scale multilayer films bypasses limitations associated with the mechanical fragility of inorganic thin films. Systematic computational, analytical, and experimental studies highlight the essential materials aspects. Demonstrations in wireless light-emitting diodes both in vitro and in vivo illustrate the practical use of these materials strategies. The ability to select degradation rates and water permeability through fine tuning of chemical compositions and thicknesses provides the opportunity to obtain a range of functional lifetimes to meet different application requirements.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Eletrônica , Água/química
15.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Highly active hepatitis B virus (HBV) is known to be associated with poor outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aims to investigate the relationship between HBV status and HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed HCC patients undergoing liver transplantation in two centers between January 2015 and December 2020. We reviewed post-transplant HBV status and its association with outcomes. RESULTS: The prognosis of recipients with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) reappearance (n=58) was poorer than those with HBsAg persistent negative (n=351) and positive (n=53). In HBsAg persistent positive group, recipients with HBV DNA reappearance or > 10-fold increase above baseline had worse outcomes than those without (P<0.01). HBV reactivation was defined as (a) HBsAg reappearance or (b) HBV DNA reappearance or > 10-fold increase above baseline. After propensity score matching, the 5-year overall survival rate and recurrence-free survival rate after liver transplantation in recipients with HBV reactivation were significantly lower than those without (32.0% vs 62.3%; P<0.01, and 16.4% vs 63.1%; P<0.01, respectively). Moreover, HBV reactivation was significantly related to post-transplant HCC recurrence, especially lung metastasis. Cox regression analysis revealed that beyond Milan criteria, microvascular invasion and HBsAg positive graft were independent risk factors for post-transplant HBV reactivation, and a novel nomogram was established accordingly with a good predictive efficacy (AUROC=0.78, C-index =0.73). CONCLUSIONS: Recipients with HBV reactivation had worse outcomes and higher tumor recurrence rates than those without. The nomogram could be used to evaluate the risk of post-transplant HBV reactivation effectively.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2306915, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357830

RESUMO

Recent studies suggest that circular RNA (circRNA)-mediated post-translational modification of RNA-binding proteins (RBP) plays a pivotal role in metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the specific mechanism and potential clinical therapeutic significance remain vague. This study attempts to profile the regulatory networks of circRNA and RBP using a multi-omics approach. Has_circ_0006646 (circ0006646) is an unreported circRNA in HCC and is associated with a poor prognosis. Silencing of circ0006646 significantly hinders metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, circ0006646 prevents the interaction between nucleolin (NCL) and the E3 ligase tripartite motif-containing 21 to reduce the proteasome-mediated degradation of NCL via K48-linked polyubiquitylation. Furthermore, the change of NCL expression is proven to affect the phosphorylation levels of multiple proteins and inhibit p53 translation. Moreover, patient-derived tumor xenograft and lentivirus injection, which is conducted to simulate clinical treatment confirmed the potential therapeutic value. Overall, this study describes the integrated multi-omics landscape of circRNA-mediated NCL ubiquitination degradation in HCC metastasis and provides a novel therapeutic target.

17.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 81(1): 83, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Due to a lack of donor grafts, steatotic livers are used more often for liver transplantation (LT). However, steatotic donor livers are more sensitive to ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury and have a worse prognosis after LT. Efforts to optimize steatotic liver grafts by identifying injury targets and interventions have become a hot issue. METHODS: Mouse LT models were established, and 4D label-free proteome sequencing was performed for four groups: normal control (NC) SHAM, high-fat (HF) SHAM, NC LT, and HF LT to screen molecular targets for aggravating liver injury in steatotic LT. Expression detection of molecular targets was performed based on liver specimens from 110 donors to verify its impact on the overall survival of recipients. Pharmacological intervention using small-molecule inhibitors on an injury-related target was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect. Transcriptomics and metabolomics were performed to explore the regulatory network and further integrated bioinformatics analysis and multiplex immunofluorescence were adopted to assess the regulation of pathways and organelles. RESULTS: HF LT group represented worse liver function compared with NC LT group, including more apoptotic hepatocytes (P < 0.01) and higher serum transaminase (P < 0.05). Proteomic results revealed that the mitochondrial membrane, endocytosis, and oxidative phosphorylation pathways were upregulated in HF LT group. Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) was identified as a hypoxia-inducible protein (fold change > 2 and P < 0.05) that sensitized mice to IR injury in steatotic LT. The overall survival of recipients using liver grafts with high expression of FABP4 was significantly worse than low expression of FABP4 (68.5 vs. 87.3%, P < 0.05). Adoption of FABP4 inhibitor could protect the steatotic liver from IR injury during transplantation, including reducing hepatocyte apoptosis, reducing serum transaminase (P < 0.05), and alleviating oxidative stress damage (P < 0.01). According to integrated transcriptomics and metabolomics analysis, cAMP signaling pathway was enriched following FABP4 inhibitor use. The activation of cAMP signaling pathway was validated. Microscopy and immunofluorescence staining results suggested that FABP4 inhibitors could regulate mitochondrial membrane homeostasis in steatotic LT. CONCLUSIONS: FABP4 was identified as a hypoxia-inducible protein that sensitized steatotic liver grafts to IR injury. The FABP4 inhibitor, BMS-309403, could activate of cAMP signaling pathway thereby modulating mitochondrial membrane homeostasis, reducing oxidative stress injury in steatotic donors.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo , Fígado Gorduroso , Transplante de Fígado , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Camundongos , Biomarcadores , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/cirurgia , Hipóxia , Fígado/metabolismo , Multiômica , Proteômica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Transaminases/metabolismo
18.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396515

RESUMO

The intracameral injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) has achieved favorable clinical effects in controlling intraocular inflammatory reactions in humans after cataract surgery. However, the effect of this method remains unclear in veterinary practice. In this paper, 18 dogs with bilateral cataracts were randomly divided into three groups, with 6 dogs in each group. Phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation were performed on the 36 eyes of these dogs. A total of 0.1 mL of TA solution was injected into the oculus dexter (OD) anterior chambers. All oculus sinister (OS) anterior chambers of these dogs were used as controls. The results demonstrated that the corneal edema severity scores of the OD (1.5 mg TA) were lower than those of the OS from the 1st to 7th day after surgery, with a significant difference on the 3rd day after surgery (p = 0.033). The corneal edema severity scores in the OD (1.5 mg TA) were significantly lower than those in the OD (0.5 mg TA) on the 3rd day after surgery (p = 0.036). The aqueous humor protein concentration of the OD (1.5 mg TA) had a lower concentration than the OS on the 1st day after surgery (p = 0.004). Furthermore, on the 5th and 10th days, the aqueous humor protein concentration of the OD (1.5 mg TA) was lower than that of the OS (p = 0.038 and p = 0.044, respectively). The aqueous humor PGE2 concentration of the OD (1.5 mg TA) had a lower concentration than the OS on the 1st day after surgery (p = 0.026). The aqueous humor PGE2 concentrations in the OD (1.0 mg TA) and OD (1.5 mg TA) were lower compared to that in the OD (0.5 mg TA) on the 1st day after surgery (p = 0.041 and p = 0.037, respectively). It was demonstrated that TA-based treatment can be safely employed to effectively control common complications after phacoemulsification in dogs.

19.
Cell Host Microbe ; 32(3): 366-381.e9, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412863

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia induces inflammatory arthritis and accelerates the progression of renal and cardiovascular diseases. Gut microbiota has been linked to the development of hyperuricemia through unclear mechanisms. Here, we show that the abundance and centrality of Alistipes indistinctus are depleted in subjects with hyperuricemia. Integrative metagenomic and metabolomic analysis identified hippuric acid as the key microbial effector that mediates the uric-acid-lowering effect of A. indistinctus. Mechanistically, A. indistinctus-derived hippuric acid enhances the binding of peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) to the promoter of ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2), which in turn boosts intestinal urate excretion. To facilitate this enhanced excretion, hippuric acid also promotes ABCG2 localization to the brush border membranes in a PDZ-domain-containing 1 (PDZK1)-dependent manner. These findings indicate that A. indistinctus and hippuric acid promote intestinal urate excretion and offer insights into microbiota-host crosstalk in the maintenance of uric acid homeostasis.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes , Hipuratos , Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Intestinos , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo
20.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38260557

RESUMO

The tectorial membrane (TM) is an apical extracellular matrix (ECM) in the cochlea essential for auditory transduction. The TM exhibits highly ordered domain-specific architecture. Alpha-tectorin/TECTA is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored ECM protein essential for TM organization. Here, we identified that TECTA is released by distinct modes: proteolytic shedding by TMPRSS2 and GPI-anchor-dependent release from the microvillus tip. In the medial/limbal domain, proteolytically shed TECTA forms dense fibers. In the lateral/body domain produced by the supporting cells displaying dense microvilli, the proteolytic shedding restricts TECTA to the microvillus tip and compartmentalizes the collagen-binding site. The tip-localized TECTA, in turn, is released in a GPI-anchor-dependent manner to form collagen-crosslinking fibers, required for maintaining the spacing and parallel organization of collagen fibrils. Overall, we showed that distinct release modes of TECTA determine the domain-specific organization pattern, and the microvillus coordinates the release modes along its membrane to organize the higher-order ECM architecture.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...