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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(16): e2318783121, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588412

RESUMO

Communication between insects and plants relies on the exchange of bioactive molecules that traverse the species interface. Although proteinic effectors have been extensively studied, our knowledge of other molecules involved in this process remains limited. In this study, we investigate the role of salivary microRNAs (miRNAs) from the rice planthopper Nilaparvata lugens in suppressing plant immunity. A total of three miRNAs were confirmed to be secreted into host plants during insect feeding. Notably, the sequence-conserved miR-7-5P is specifically expressed in the salivary glands of N. lugens and is secreted into saliva, distinguishing it significantly from homologues found in other insects. Silencing miR-7-5P negatively affects N. lugens feeding on rice plants, but not on artificial diets. The impaired feeding performance of miR-7-5P-silenced insects can be rescued by transgenic plants overexpressing miR-7-5P. Through target prediction and experimental testing, we demonstrate that miR-7-5P targets multiple plant genes, including the immune-associated bZIP transcription factor 43 (OsbZIP43). Infestation of rice plants by miR-7-5P-silenced insects leads to the increased expression of OsbZIP43, while the presence of miR-7-5P counteracts this upregulation effect. Furthermore, overexpressing OsbZIP43 confers plant resistance against insects which can be subverted by miR-7-5P. Our findings suggest a mechanism by which herbivorous insects have evolved salivary miRNAs to suppress plant immunity, expanding our understanding of cross-kingdom RNA interference between interacting organisms.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , MicroRNAs , Oryza , Animais , Interferência de RNA , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Saliva , Hemípteros/fisiologia , Imunidade Vegetal/genética , Oryza/genética
2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202400927, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570886

RESUMO

In a recent communication (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2024, 63, e202317312), Kalita et al. studied In4H+ system within the frame of single-reference approximation (SRA) and found that the global energy minimum (1 a) adopted the singlet state and a planar tetracoordinate hydrogen (ptH), while the second lowest isomer (1 b) located 3.0 kcal/mol above 1 a and adopted the triplet state as well as non-planar structure with a quasi-ptH. They assessed the reliability of SRA by checking the T1-diagnostic values of coupled cluster calculations. However, according to our multi-configurational second-order perturbation theory calculations at the CASPT2(12,13)/aug-cc-pVQZ (aug-cc-pVQZ-PP for In) level, both 1 a and 1 b exhibit obvious multi-referential characters, as reflected by their largest reference coefficients of 0.928 (86.1 %) and 0.938 (88.0 %), respectively. Moreover, 1 b is 5.05 kcal/mol lower than 1 a at this level, that is, what can be observed in In4H+ system is the quasi-ptH.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1344113, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567351

RESUMO

Introduction: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) necessitates innovative therapeutic strategies. This study delves into the role of DNA damage-inducing transcription factor 4 (DDIT4) within the VDR-mTOR pathway, aiming to identify a novel target for DKD drug discovery. Methods: Transcriptome data from the Gene Expression Omnibus Database were analyzed to assess the expression of mTOR and VDR expression in human renal tissues. Clinical samples from DKD patients and minimal change disease (MCD) controls were examined, and a DKD animal model using 20-week-old db/db mice was established. DDIT4 plasmid transfection was employed to modulate the VDR-mTOR pathway, with its components evaluated using immunohistochemistry, real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR), Western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Changes in the expression of the VDR-mTOR pathway were observed in both DKD patients and the animal model. Overexpression of DDIT4 increased VDR expression and decreased levels of mTOR, p70s6k, and 4E-BP1. Furthermore, DDIT4 treatment regulated autophagy by upregulating LC3I expression and downregulating LC3II expression. Notably, DDIT4 alleviated oxidative stress by reducing the levels of lipid peroxidation product MDA, while simultaneously increasing the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH), underscoring the role of DDIT4 in the pathological process of DKD and its potential as a therapeutic target. Conclusion: Unraveling DDIT4's involvement in the VDR-mTOR pathway provides insights for innovative DKD drug discovery, emphasizing its potential as a therapeutic target for future interventions.

4.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474642

RESUMO

Biochar (BC) is a new type of carbon material with a high specific surface area, porous structure, and good adsorption capacity, which can effectively adsorb and enrich organic pollutants. Meanwhile, nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) has excellent catalytic activity and can rapidly degrade organic pollutants through reduction and oxidation reactions. The combined utilization of BC and nZVI can not only give full play to their advantages in the adsorption and catalytic degradation of organic pollutants, but also help to reduce the agglomeration of nZVI, thus improving its efficiency in water treatment and providing strong technical support for water resources protection and environmental quality improvement. This article provides a detailed introduction to the preparation method and characterization technology, reaction mechanism, influencing factors, and specific applications of BC and nZVI, and elaborates on the research progress of BC-nZVI in activating persulfate (PS) to degrade organic pollutants in water. It has been proven experimentally that BC-nZVI can effectively remove phenols, dyes, pesticides, and other organic pollutants. Meanwhile, in response to the existing problems in current research, this article proposes future research directions and challenges, and summarizes the application prospects and development trends of BC-nZVI in water treatment. In summary, BC-nZVI-activated PS is an efficient technology for degrading organic pollutants in water, providing an effective solution for protecting water resources and improving environmental quality, and has significant application value.

5.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474682

RESUMO

Nowadays, antibiotics are widely used, increasing the risk of contamination of the water body and further threatening human health. The traditional water treatment process is less efficient in degrading antibiotics, and the advanced oxidation process (AOPs) is cleaner and more efficient than the traditional biochemical degradation process. The combined ozone/peroxymonosulfate (PMS) advanced oxidation process (O3/PMS) based on sulfate radical (SO4•-) and hydroxyl radical (•OH) has developed rapidly in recent years. The O3/PMS process has become one of the most effective ways to treat antibiotic wastewater. The reaction mechanism of O3/PMS was reviewed in this paper, and the research and application progress of the O3/PMS process in the degradation of antibiotics in drinking water and wastewater effluent were evaluated. The operation characteristics and current application range of the process were summarized, which has a certain reference value for further research on O3/PMS process.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Ozônio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Humanos , Águas Residuárias , Antibacterianos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Peróxidos , Oxirredução
6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(11): 13640-13650, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450602

RESUMO

Sluggish sulfur redox kinetics and incessant shuttling of lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) greatly influence the electrochemical properties of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries and their practical applications. For this reason, ammonium thiosulfate (AMTS) with effective redox regulation capability has been proposed as a functional electrolyte additive to promote the bidirectional conversion of sulfur species and inhibit the shuttle effect of soluble LiPSs. During discharging, the S2O32- in AMTS can trigger the rapid reduction of LiPSs from long chains to short chains by a spontaneous chemical reaction with sulfur species, thereby decreasing the accumulation of LiPSs in the electrolyte. During charging, the NH4+ in the AMTS enhances the dissociation/dissolution of Li2S2/Li2S by hydrogen-binding interactions, which alleviates the electrode surface passivation and facilitates the reversible oxidation of short-chain sulfides back to long chains. The enhanced bidirectional redox kinetics brought about by AMTS endows Li-S cells with high reversible capacity, excellent cycle stability, and rate capability even under lean electrolyte conditions. This work not only illustrates an effective redox regulation strategy by an electrolyte additive but also investigates its catalytic reaction mechanism and Li corrosion behavior. The crucial criteria for screening additives that enable bidirectional redox mediation analogous to AMTS are summarized, and its application perspectives/challenges are further discussed.

7.
Theranostics ; 14(5): 2167-2189, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505617

RESUMO

Rationale: Multiple copies in T-cell malignancy 1 (MCT-1) is a prognostic biomarker for aggressive breast cancers. Overexpressed MCT-1 stimulates the IL-6/IL-6R/gp130/STAT3 axis, which promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and cancer stemness. Because cancer stemness largely contributes to the tumor metastasis and recurrence, we aimed to identify whether the blockade of MCT-1 and IL-6R can render these effects and to understand the underlying mechanisms that govern the process. Methods: We assessed primary tumor invasion, postsurgical local recurrence and distant metastasis in orthotopic syngeneic mice given the indicated immunotherapy and MCT-1 silencing (shMCT-1). Results: We found that shMCT-1 suppresses the transcriptomes of the inflammatory response and metastatic signaling in TNBC cells and inhibits tumor recurrence, metastasis and mortality in xenograft mice. IL-6R immunotherapy and shMCT-1 combined further decreased intratumoral M2 macrophages and T regulatory cells (Tregs) and avoided postsurgical TNBC expansion. shMCT-1 also enhances IL-6R-based immunotherapy effectively in preventing postsurgical TNBC metastasis, recurrence and mortality. Anti-IL-6R improved helper T, cytotoxic T and natural killer (NK) cells in the lymphatic system and decreased Tregs in the recurrent and metastatic tumors. Combined IL-6R and PD-L1 immunotherapies abridged TNBC cell stemness and M2 macrophage activity to a greater extent than monotherapy. Sequential immunotherapy of PD-L1 and IL-6R demonstrated the best survival outcome and lowest postoperative recurrence and metastasis compared with synchronized therapy, particularly in the shMCT-1 context. Multiple positive feedforward loops of the MCT-1/IL-6/IL-6R/CXCL7/PD-L1 axis were identified in TNBC cells, which boosted metastatic niches and immunosuppressive microenvironments. Clinically, MCT-1high/PD-L1high/CXCL7high and CXCL7high/IL-6high/IL-6Rhigh expression patterns predict worse prognosis and poorer survival of breast cancer patients. Conclusion: Systemic targeting the MCT-1/IL-6/IL-6R/CXCL7/PD-L1 interconnections enhances immune surveillance that inhibits the aggressiveness of TNBC.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1 , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Imunoterapia , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
Eur Respir J ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514095

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) suffer from repeated exacerbations. However, the involvement of T cell subsets remains unclear. METHODS: We enrolled ABPA patients, asthma patients and healthy controls. Th1, Th2, Th17, Treg and IL-21+CD4+T cells in total or sorted subsets of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and ABPA Bronchoalveolar Lavage fluid (BALF) were analyzed by flow cytometry. RNA sequencing of subsets of CD4+T cells were done in exacerbated ABPA patients and healthy controls. Antibodies of T-B cell co-cultures in vitro were measured. RESULTS: ABPA patients had increased Th2 cells, similar Treg cells and decreased circulating Th1 and Th17 cells. IL-5+IL-13+IL-21+CD4+T cells was rarely detected in healthy controls but significantly elevated in the blood of ABPA patients, especially the exacerbated ones. We found that IL-5+IL-13+IL-21+CD4+T cells were mainly peripheral T helper (Tph) cells (PD-1+CXCR5-), which also presented in the BALF of ABPA patients. The proportions of circulating Tph were similar among ABPA patients, asthma patients and healthy controls, while IL-5+IL-13+IL-21+ Tph cells significantly increased in ABPA patients. Transcriptome data showed that Tph cells of ABPA patients were Th2-skewed and exhibited signatures of follicular T helper (Tfh) cells. When co-cultured in vitro, Tph cells of ABPA patients induced the differentiation of autologous B cells into plasmablasts and significantly enhanced the production of IgE. CONCLUSION: We identified a distinctly elevated population of circulating Th2-skewed Tph cells that induced the production of IgE in ABPA patients. It may be a biomarker and therapeutic target for ABPA.

9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2313, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485978

RESUMO

Arising from the extreme/saddle point in electronic bands, Van Hove singularity (VHS) manifests divergent density of states (DOS) and induces various new states of matter such as unconventional superconductivity. VHS is believed to exist in one and two dimensions, but rarely found in three dimension (3D). Here, we report the discovery of 3D VHS in a topological magnet EuCd2As2 by magneto-infrared spectroscopy. External magnetic fields effectively control the exchange interaction in EuCd2As2, and shift 3D Weyl bands continuously, leading to the modification of Fermi velocity and energy dispersion. Above the critical field, the 3D VHS forms and is evidenced by the abrupt emergence of inter-band transitions, which can be quantitatively described by the minimal model of Weyl semimetals. Three additional optical transitions are further predicted theoretically and verified in magneto-near-infrared spectra. Our results pave the way to exploring VHS in 3D systems and uncovering the coordination between electronic correlation and the topological phase.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485099

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Radiation-induced intestinal injuries (RIII) commonly occur during abdomin-pelvic cancer radiotherapy; however, no effective prophylactic or therapeutic agents are available to manage RIII currently. This study aimed to clarify the potential of probiotic consortium supplementation in alleviating RIII. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were orally administered a probiotic mixture comprising Bifidobacterium longum BL21, Lactobacillus paracasei LC86, and Lactobacillus plantarum Lp90 for 30 days before exposure to 13 Gy of whole abdominal irradiation (WAI). The survival rates, clinical scores, and histological changes in the intestines of mice were assessed. The impacts of probiotic consortium treatment on intestinal stem cells (ISCs) proliferation, differentiation, and epithelial barrier function, oxidative stress, and inflammatory cytokines were evaluated. A comprehensive examination of the gut microbiota composition was conducted through 16S rRNA sequencing, while changes in metabolites were identified using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The probiotic consortium alleviated RIII, as reflected by increased survival rates, improved clinical scores, and mitigated mucosal injury. The probiotic consortium treatment exhibited enhanced therapeutic effects at the histological level when compared to individual probiotic strains, although there was no corresponding improvement in survival rates and colon length. Moreover, probiotic consortium stimulated ISCs proliferation and differentiation, enhanced the integrity of the intestinal epithelial barrier, and regulated redox imbalance and inflammatory responses in irradiated mice. Notably, the treatment induced a restructuring of gut microbiota composition, particularly enriching short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria. Metabolomic analysis revealed distinctive metabolic changes associated with probiotic consortium, including elevated levels of anti-inflammatory and anti-radiation metabolites. CONCLUSIONS: The probiotic consortium attenuated RIII by modulating the gut microbiota and metabolites, improving inflammatory symptoms, and regulating oxidative stress. These findings provide new insights into the maintenance of intestinal health with the probiotic consortium supplementation and will facilitate the development of probiotic-based therapeutic strategies for RIII in clinical practice.

11.
ERJ Open Res ; 10(1)2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410702

RESUMO

Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infection significantly contributes to morbidity and mortality in bronchiectasis patients. Initiating antibiotics early may lead to the eradication of PA. Here we outline the design of a trial (ERASE; NCT06093191) assessing the efficacy and safety of inhaled tobramycin, alone or with oral ciprofloxacin, in bronchiectasis patients with a new isolation of PA. This multicentre, 2×2 factorial randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial includes a 2-week screening period, a 12-week treatment phase (with a combination of ciprofloxacin or a placebo at initial 2 weeks) and a 24-week follow-up. 364 adults with bronchiectasis and a new PA isolation will be randomly assigned to one of four groups: placebo (inhaled saline and ciprofloxacin placebo twice daily), ciprofloxacin alone (750 mg ciprofloxacin and inhaled saline twice daily), inhaled tobramycin alone (inhaled 300 mg tobramycin and ciprofloxacin placebo twice daily) or a combination of both drugs (inhaled 300 mg tobramycin and 750 mg ciprofloxacin twice daily). The primary objective of this study is to assess the proportion of patients successfully eradicating PA in each group by the end of the study. Efficacy will be evaluated based on the eradication rate of PA at other time points (12, 24 and 36 weeks), the occurrence of exacerbations and hospitalisations, time to first pulmonary exacerbations, patient-reported outcomes, symptom measures, pulmonary function tests and the cost of hospitalisations. To date no randomised trial has evaluated the benefit of different PA eradication strategies in bronchiectasis patients. The ERASE trial will therefore generate crucial data to inform future clinical guidelines.

12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 129: 111637, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335653

RESUMO

The small intestine exhibits remarkable sensitivity to ionizing radiation (IR), which significantly hampers the effectiveness of radiotherapy in the treatment of abdominal and pelvic tumors. Unfortunately, no effective medications are available to treat radiation-induced intestinal damage (RIID). Fraxin (7-hydroxy-6-methoxycoumarin 8-glucoside), is a coumarin derivative extracted from the Chinese herb Cortex Fraxini. Several studies have underscored the anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory properties of fraxin. However, the efficacy of fraxin at preventing or mitigating RIID remains unclear. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of fraxin against RIID in vitro and in vivo and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. The study findings revealed that fraxin markedly ameliorated intestinal injuries induced by 13 Gy whole abdominal irradiation (WAI), which was accompanied by a significant increase in the population of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and Ki67+ progeny. Furthermore, fraxin mitigated WAI-induced intestinal barrier damage, and reduced oxidative stress and intestinal inflammation in mice. Transcriptome sequencing of fraxin-treated mice revealed upregulation of IL-22, a pleiotropic cytokine involved in regulating the function of intestinal epithelial cells. Moreover, in both human intestinal epithelial cells and ex vivo cultured mouse intestinal organoids, fraxin effectively ameliorated IR-induced damage by promoting the expression of IL-22. The radioprotective effects of fraxin were partially negated in the presence of an IL-22-neutralizing antibody. In summary, fraxin is demonstrated to possess the ability to alleviate RIID and maintain intestinal homeostasis, suggesting that fraxin might serve as a strategy for mitigating accidental radiation exposure- or radiotherapy-induced RIID.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos , Intestinos , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Cumarínicos/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes , Radiação Ionizante
13.
Plant Cell Environ ; 47(5): 1852-1864, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334305

RESUMO

Zinc (Zn) deficiency not only impairs plant growth and development but also has negative effects on human health. Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) is a staple food for over half of the global population, yet the regulation of Zn deficiency response in rice remains largely unknown. In this study, we provide evidence that two F-group bZIP transcription factors, OsbZIP48/50, play a crucial role in Zn deficiency response. Mutations in OsbZIP48/50 result in impaired growth and reduced Zn/Fe/Cu content under Zn deficiency conditions. The N-terminus of OsbZIP48/OsbZIP50 contains two Zn sensor motifs (ZSMs), deletion or mutation of these ZSMs leads to increased nuclear localization. Both OsbZIP48 and OsbZIP50 exhibit transcriptional activation activity, and the upregulation of 1117 genes involved in metal uptake and other processes by Zn deficiency is diminished in the OsbZIP48/50 double mutant. Both OsbZIP48 and OsbZIP50 bind to the promoter of OsZIP10 and activate the ZDRE cis-element. Amino acid substitution mutation of the ZSM domain of OsbZIP48 in OsbZIP50 mutant background increases the content of Zn/Fe/Cu in brown rice seeds and leaves. Therefore, this study demonstrates that OsbZIP48/50 play a crucial role in regulating metal homoeostasis and identifies their downstream genes involved in the Zn deficiency response in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza , Zinco , Humanos , Zinco/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Metais/metabolismo , Homeostase , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
14.
Pain Physician ; 27(2): E245-E254, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing the 3-dimensional (3D) relationship between critical anatomical structures and the surgical channel can help select percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) approaches, especially at the L5/S1 level. However, previous evaluation methods for PELD were mainly assessed using 2-dimensional (2D) medical images, making the understanding of the 3D relationship of lumbosacral structures difficult. Artificial intelligence based on automated magnetic resonance (MR) image segmentation has the benefit of 3D reconstruction of medical images. OBJECTIVES: We developed and validated an artificial intelligence-based MR image segmentation method for constructing a 3D model of lumbosacral structures for selecting the appropriate approach of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy at the L5/S1 level. STUDY DESIGN: Three-dimensional reconstruction study using artificial intelligence based on MR image segmentation. SETTING: Spine and radiology center of a university hospital. METHODS: Fifty MR data samples were used to develop an artificial intelligence algorithm for automatic segmentation. Manual segmentation and labeling of vertebrae bone (L5 and S1 vertebrae bone), disc, lumbosacral nerve, iliac bone, and skin at the L5/S1 level by 3 experts were used as ground truth. Five-fold cross-validation was performed, and quantitative segmentation metrics were used to evaluate the performance of artificial intelligence based on the MR image segmentation method. The comparison analysis of quantitative measurements between the artificial intelligence-derived 3D (AI-3D) models and the ground truth-derived 3D (GT-3D) models was used to validate the feasibility of 3D lumbosacral structures reconstruction and preoperative assessment of PELD approaches. RESULTS: Artificial intelligence-based automated MR image segmentation achieved high mean Dice Scores of 0.921, 0.924, 0.885, 0.808, 0.886, and 0.816 for L5 vertebrae bone, S1 vertebrae bone, disc, lumbosacral nerves, iliac bone, and skin, respectively. There were no significant differences between AI-3D and GT-3D models in quantitative measurements. Comparative analysis of quantitative measures showed a high correlation and consistency. LIMITATIONS: Our method did not involve vessel segmentation in automated MR image segmentation. Our study's sample size was small, and the findings need to be validated in a prospective study with a large sample size. CONCLUSION: We developed an artificial intelligence-based automated MR image segmentation method, which effectively segmented lumbosacral structures (e.g., L5 vertebrae bone, S1 vertebrae bone, disc, lumbosacral nerve, iliac bone, and skin) simultaneously on MR images, and could be used to construct a 3D model of lumbosacral structures for choosing an appropriate approach of PELD at the L5/S1 level.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Endoscopia/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Inteligência Artificial , Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 70-79, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403340

RESUMO

Flavonoid C-glycosides are a class of natural products that are widely involved in plant defense responses and have diverse pharmacological activities. They are also important active ingredients of Dendrobium huoshanense. Flavanone synthase Ⅱ has been proven to be a key enzyme in the synthesis pathway of flavonoid C-glycosides in plants, and their catalytic product 2-hydroxyflavanone is the precursor compound for the synthesis of various reported flavonoid C-glycosides. In this study, based on the reported amino acid sequence of flavanone synthase Ⅱ, a flavanone synthase Ⅱ gene(DhuFNSⅡ) was screened and verified from the constructed D. huoshanense genome localization database. Functional validation of the enzyme showed that it could in vitro catalyze naringenin and pinocembrin to produce apigenin and chrysin, respectively. The open reading frame(ORF) of DhuFNSⅡ was 1 644 bp in length, encoding 547 amino acids. Subcellular localization showed that the protein was localized on the endoplasmic reticulum. RT-qPCR results showed that DhuFNSⅡ had the highest expression in stems, followed by leaves and roots. The expression levels of DhuFNSⅡ and other target genes in various tissues of D. huoshanense were significantly up-regulated after four kinds of abiotic stresses commonly encountered in the growth process, but the extent of up-regulation varied among treatment groups, with drought and cold stress having more significant effects on gene expression levels. Through the identification and functional analysis of DhuFNSⅡ, this study is expected to contribute to the elucidation of the molecular mechanism of the formation of quality metabolites of D. huoshanense, flavonoid C-glycosides, and provide a reference for its quality formation and scientific cultivation.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Flavanonas , Dendrobium/genética , Dendrobium/química , Flavanonas/metabolismo , Flavonoides , Clonagem Molecular , Glicosídeos/metabolismo
17.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1425, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365888

RESUMO

Developing a facile and feasible strategy to fabricate thermally activated delayed fluorescence materials exhibiting full-color tunability remains an appealing yet challenging task. In this work, a general supramolecular strategy for fabricating thermally activated delayed fluorescence materials is proposed. Consequently, a series of host-guest cocrystals are prepared by electron-donating calix[3]acridan and various electron-withdrawing guests. Owing to the through-space charge transfer mediated by multiple noncovalent interactions, these cocrystals all display efficient thermally activated delayed fluorescence. Especially, by delicately modulating the electron-withdrawing ability of the guest molecules, the emission colors of these cocrystals can be continuously tuned from blue (440 nm) to red (610 nm). Meanwhile, high photoluminescence quantum yields of up to 87% is achieved. This research not only provides an alternative and general strategy for the fabrication of thermally activated delayed fluorescence materials, but also establishes a reliable supramolecular protocol toward the design of advanced luminescent materials.

18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 259(Pt 1): 129137, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171438

RESUMO

Large quantities of organic dyes are discharged into the environment, causing serious damage to the ecosystem. Therefore, it is urgent to develop inexpensive adsorbents to remove organic dyes. A novel cellulose-based aerogel (MPPA) with 3D porous structure was prepared by using cassava residue (cellulose) as basic construction blocks, doping ferroferric oxide (Fe3O4) for magnetic separation, and applying polyethyleneimine (PEI) as functional material for highly efficient and selective capture of Congo red (CR). MPPA exhibited porous network structure, numerous active capture sites, nontoxicity, high hydrophilicity, and excellent thermal stability. MPPA showed superior adsorption property for CR, with an equilibrium adsorption capacity of 2018.14 mg/g, and still had an adsorption property of 1189.31 mg/g after five recycling procedures. In addition, MPPA has excellent selectivity for CR in four binary dye systems. The adsorption behavior of MPPA on CR was further explored using a multilayer adsorption model, EDR-IDR hybrid model and AOAS model. Electrostatic potential and independent gradient models were used to further verify the possible interaction between MPPA and CR molecules. In conclusion, MPPA is a promising adsorbent in the field of treating anionic dyes.


Assuntos
Vermelho Congo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Vermelho Congo/química , Celulose/química , Adsorção , Ecossistema , Corantes/química
19.
Natl Sci Rev ; 11(2): nwac140, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38264341

RESUMO

The layer Hall effect describes electrons spontaneously deflected to opposite sides at different layers, which has been experimentally reported in the MnBi2Te4 thin films under perpendicular electric fields. Here, we reveal a universal origin of the layer Hall effect in terms of the so-called hidden Berry curvature, as well as material design principles. Hence, it gives rise to zero Berry curvature in momentum space but non-zero layer-locked hidden Berry curvature in real space. We show that, compared to that of a trivial insulator, the layer Hall effect is significantly enhanced in antiferromagnetic topological insulators. Our universal picture provides a paradigm for revealing the hidden physics as a result of the interplay between the global and local symmetries, and can be generalized in various scenarios.

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 128: 111562, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244515

RESUMO

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS), is known as a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, there is evidence to suggest that gut microbiota disorders may be related to the occurrence and development of AS. Studies have shown that 6-formylindolo[3, 2-b]carbazole (FICZ) has the ability to modulate intestinal homeostasis and inhibit inflammatory responses. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the protective role of FICZ in treating AS and elucidate potential mechanisms. FICZ was administered to the proteoglycan (PG)-induced AS mice for 7 consecutive weeks. The effects of FICZ on AS mice were evaluated by the disease severity, intestinal histopathology, proinflammatory cytokine levels, and intestinal mucosal barrier function. The gut microbiota compositions were profiled through 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. We found that FICZ significantly reduced the severity of AS and resulted in the downregulating of TNF-α and IL-17A inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, FICZ ameliorated pathological changes in the ileal and improved intestinal mucosal barrier function. Furthermore, FICZ altered the composition of the gut microbiota by increasing the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes phylum ratio and enriched the genes related to "glycan biosynthesis and metabolism", thus reversing the process of AS. In conclusion, FICZ suppressed the progression of AS and altered gut microbiota in AS mice, which provided new insight into AS therapy strategy.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Espondilite Anquilosante , Camundongos , Animais , Citocinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Carbazóis/farmacologia
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