Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.686
Filtrar
1.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 155(6): 3678-3689, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847592

RESUMO

Numerous advanced and lightweight signal processing methods have been presented for single-channel speech enhancement (SE). It is imperative to carefully explore how to efficiently combine, integrate, and balance these methods. This paper proposes a more effective and less resource-intensive SE system, focused on the integration and adaptation of several approaches, especially the temporal cepstrum smoothing (TCS). First, a more robust fundamental frequency estimator is employed within TCS, mitigating the performance limitations caused by the inaccuracy of the original estimator. Additionally, a harmonic enhancement mechanism is introduced, effectively recovering the weak harmonic components. By incorporation of the modified TCS in the a posteriori speech presence probability estimation, the unbiased minimum mean square error noise power spectral density estimator can be refined. The modified TCS is also utilized for the a priori signal-to-noise ratio estimation. Moreover, this paper enhances the log-spectral amplitude estimator by applying both super-Gaussian speech priors and speech presence uncertainty for further improvement. Experimental evaluations demonstrate that the proposed method yields an improvement in speech quality while maintaining modest computational and storage requirements. Furthermore, the proposed system exhibits comparable performance to several baseline systems based on lightweight deep neural networks.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38457, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847684

RESUMO

To investigate the utility of serum bile acid profiling for the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We analyzed 15 specific bile acids in the serum of 269 IBD patients, 200 healthy controls (HC), and 174 patients with other intestinal diseases (OID) using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Serum bile acid levels were compared between IBD group, HC group, and OID group. Binary logistic regression-based models were developed to model the bile acids and diagnose IBD. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of each bile acid and the model. Compared to HC group, IBD group exhibited significantly lower levels of chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), deoxycholic acid (DCA), glycodeoxycholic acid (GDCA), taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA), lithocholic acid (LCA), glycolithocholic acid (GLCA), taurolithocholic acid (TLCA), and an elevated primary-to-secondary bile acid ratio. DCA had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.860 for diagnosing IBD, with a sensitivity of 80.67% and a specificity of 82.50%. A model Y0 combining DCA and CDCA to distinguish between IBD group and HC group further improved accuracy (AUC = 0.866, sensitivity = 76.28%, specificity = 89.37%). Compared to non-IBD group (which combined healthy controls and those with other intestinal diseases), IBD group had significantly lower levels of DCA, GDCA, TDCA, LCA, GLCA, and TLCA, and elevated levels of glycocholic acid (GCA) and glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA). A model Y1 incorporating GCDCA, DCA and TLCA to distinguish between IBD group and non-IBD group yielded an AUC of 0.792, with a sensitivity of 77.67% and specificity of 71.91%. IBD patients exhibit decreased serum secondary bile acid levels and an elevated primary-to-secondary bile acid ratio. Serum bile acid alterations are associated with the onset of IBD. A model consisting of CDCA and DCA has potential for distinguishing between IBD group and HC group, while a model incorporating GCDCA, DCA and TLCA may be suitable for distinguishing between IBD group and non-IBD group.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Humanos , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/sangue , Masculino , Feminino , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Curva ROC , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Biomarcadores/sangue , Adulto Jovem
3.
Phytomedicine ; 131: 155765, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infection by Toxoplasma gondii can lead to severe pneumonia, with current treatments being highly inadequate. The NLRP3 inflammasome is one member of the NOD-like receptor family with a pyrin domain, which is crucial in the innate immune defense against T. gondii. Research has shown that resveratrol (RSV) prevents lung damage caused by this infection by inhibiting the T. gondii-derived heat shock protein 70/TLR4/NF-κB pathway, thus reducing the macrophage-driven inflammatory response. However, it should be mentioned that the participation of NLRP3 inflammasome in the immune response to the lung injuries caused by T. gondii infections is not entirely clear. PURPOSE: This study aims to clarify how RSV ameliorates lung damage triggered by Toxoplasma gondii infection, with a particular focus on the pathway involving TLR4, NF-κB, and the NLRP3 inflammasome. METHODS: Both in vitro and in vivo models of infection were developed by employing the RH strain of T. gondii in BALB/c mice and RAW 264.7 macrophage cell lines. The action mechanism of RSV was explored using techniques such as molecular docking, surface plasmon resonance, ELISA, Western blot, co-immunoprecipitation, and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Findings indicate that the suppression of TLR4 or NF-κB impacts the levels of proteins associated with the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. Additionally, a significant affinity for binding between RSV and NLRP3 was observed. Treatment with RSV led to a marked reduction in the activation and formation of the NLRP3 inflammasome within lung tissues and RAW 264.7 cells, alongside a decrease in IL-1ß concentrations in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. These outcomes align with those seen when using the NLRP3 inhibitor CY-09. Moreover, the application of CY-09 prior to RSV negated the latter's anti-inflammatory properties. CONCLUSION: Considering insights from previous research alongside the outcomes of the current investigation, it appears that the TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway emerges as a promising target for immunomodulation to alleviate lung injury from T. gondii infection. The evidence gathered in this study lays the groundwork for the continued exploration and potential future clinical deployment of RSV as a therapeutic agent with anti-Toxoplasma properties and the capability to modulate the inflammatory response.

4.
Chem Sci ; 15(22): 8311-8322, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846391

RESUMO

Drug resistance in tumor cells remains a persistent clinical challenge in the pursuit of effective anticancer therapy. XIAP, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family, suppresses apoptosis via its Baculovirus IAP Repeat (BIR) domains and is responsible for drug resistance in various human cancers. Therefore, XIAP has attracted significant attention as a potential therapeutic target. However, no XIAP inhibitor is available for clinical use to date. In this study, we surprisingly observed that arsenic trioxide (ATO) induced a rapid depletion of XIAP in different cancer cells. Mechanistic studies revealed that arsenic attacked the cysteine residues of BIR domains and directly bound to XIAP, resulting in the release of zinc ions from this protein. Arsenic-XIAP binding suppressed the normal anti-apoptosis functions of BIR domains, and led to the ubiquitination-dependent degradation of XIAP. Importantly, we further demonstrate that arsenic sensitized a variety of apoptosis-resistant cancer cells, including patient-derived colon cancer organoids, to the chemotherapy drug using cisplatin as a showcase. These findings suggest that targeting XIAP with ATO offers an attractive strategy for combating apoptosis-resistant cancers in clinical practice.

5.
Research (Wash D C) ; 7: 0384, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826566

RESUMO

Consuming a high-fat diet (HFD) is widely recognized to cause obesity and result in chronic brain inflammation that impairs cognitive function. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has shown effectiveness in both weight loss and cognitive improvement, although the exact mechanism is still unknown. Our study examined the effects of rTMS on the brain and intestinal microecological dysfunction. rTMS successfully reduced cognitive decline caused by an HFD in behavioral assessments involving the Y maze and novel object recognition. This was accompanied by an increase in the number of new neurons and the transcription level of genes related to synaptic plasticity (spindlin 1, synaptophysin, and postsynaptic protein-95) in the hippocampus. It was reached that rTMS decreased the release of high mobility group box 1, activation of microglia, and inflammation in the brains of HFD rats. rTMS also reduced hypothalamic hypocretin levels and improved peripheral blood lipid metabolism. In addition, rTMS recovered the HFD-induced gut microbiome imbalances, metabolic disorders, and, in particular, reduced levels of the microvirus. Our research emphasized that rTMS enhanced cognitive abilities, resulting in positive impacts on brain inflammation, neurodegeneration, and the microbiota in the gut, indicating the potential connection between the brain and gut, proposing that rTMS could be a new approach to addressing cognitive deficits linked to obesity.

6.
J Affect Disord ; 360: 336-344, 2024 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The absence of clinically-validated biomarkers or objective protocols hinders effective major depressive disorder (MDD) diagnosis. Compared to healthy control (HC), MDD exhibits anomalies in plasma protein levels and neuroimaging presentations. Despite extensive machine learning studies in psychiatric diagnosis, a reliable tool integrating multi-modality data is still lacking. METHODS: In this study, blood samples from 100 MDD and 100 HC were analyzed, along with MRI images from 46 MDD and 49 HC. Here, we devised a novel algorithm, integrating graph neural networks and attention modules, for MDD diagnosis based on inflammatory cytokines, neurotrophic factors, and Orexin A levels in the blood samples. Model performance was assessed via accuracy and F1 value in 3-fold cross-validation, comparing with 9 traditional algorithms. We then applied our algorithm to a dataset containing both the aforementioned protein quantifications and neuroimages, evaluating if integrating neuroimages into the model improves performance. RESULTS: Compared to HC, MDD showed significant alterations in plasma protein levels and gray matter volume revealed by MRI. Our new algorithm exhibited superior performance, achieving an F1 value and accuracy of 0.9436 and 94.08 %, respectively. Integration of neuroimaging data enhanced our novel algorithm's performance, resulting in an improved F1 value and accuracy, reaching 0.9543 and 95.06 %. LIMITATIONS: This single-center study with a small sample size requires future evaluations on a larger test set for improved reliability. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to traditional machine learning models, our newly developed MDD diagnostic model exhibited superior performance and showed promising potential for inclusion in routine clinical diagnosis for MDD.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Redes Neurais de Computação , Neuroimagem , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/sangue , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico por imagem , Biomarcadores/sangue , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Neuroimagem/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Algoritmos , Orexinas/sangue , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Citocinas/sangue , Aprendizado de Máquina , Atenção , Estudos de Casos e Controles
7.
Neurol Res ; : 1-10, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between herpes zoster (HZ) and stroke has been the subject of much previous research. Nevertheless, the connection remains ambiguous. A two-sample Mendelian randomisation study was conducted to explore the potential causal link between HZ and ischaemic stroke, including its subtypes. METHODS: For our MR analysis, we identified genetic instrumental variables related to both HZ and stroke by screening two prominent publicly accessible genome-wide association study databases. The primary approach involved using the inverse variance weighting method. To supplement this, we also employed methods such as MR-Egger regression, the weighted median approach, simple and weighted models. Lastly, to ascertain the stability and reliability of the results, we conducted tests for heterogeneity detection, horizontal pleiotropy assessment, and a leave-one-out analysis. RESULTS: The genetically predicted HZ did not indicate an association with stroke risk ([OR] 1.041; 95% [CI] 0.958-1.131;p = 0.336). This lack of association also held true for different subtypes of stroke: ischaemic stroke (OR = 1.047, 95% CI = 0.955-1.148, p = 0.323), large vessel stroke (OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.90-1.41, p = 0.272), cardioembolic stroke (OR = 1.020, 95% CI = 0.859-1.211, p = 0.816), small vessel stroke (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.93-1.40, p = 0.195), and lacunar stroke (OR = 1.195, 95% CI = 0.967-1.476, p = 0.097). CONCLUSION: This MR study showed that not uncover a causal link between herpes zoster and ischaemic stroke. Additional research will be necessary in the future to shed light on the fundamental mechanisms involved.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857427

RESUMO

3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) is a chloropropyl alcohol contaminant mainly from the thermal processing of food and could affect kidneys. Pyroptosis is programmed cell death mediated by inflammasomes and gasdermins, and excessive cellular pyroptosis and inflammation can lead to tissue injury. In the present study, we found that 3-MCPD increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in vitro and in vivo, increased the protein expression of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), N-terminal domain of GSDMD (GSDMD-N), and cleaved caspase-1 and promoted the release of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-18 (IL-18), which induced renal cell pyroptosis and inflammation. Mechanistic studies indicated that the addition of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a ROS scavenger, inhibited NLRP3 activation and attenuated pyroptosis. Furthermore, we revealed that 3-MCPD induced ROS accumulation by inhibiting ESCRT-III-mediated mitophagy. These results were further validated by the overexpression of charged multivesicular body protein 4B (CHMP4B), a key subunit of ESCRT-III, and the addition of the mitophagy activator carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) and rapamycin (Rapa). Thus, our results showed that 3-MCPD could induce mitochondrial damage and produce ROS. 3-MCPD suppressed mitophagy, leading to the accumulation of damaged mitochondria and ROS, thereby activating NLRP3 and pyroptosis. Meanwhile, 3-MCPD-mediated suppression of ESCRT-III hindered the repair of GSDMD-induced cell membrane rupture, which further caused the occurrence of pyroptosis. Our findings provide new perspectives for studying the mechanisms underlying 3-MCPD-induced renal injury.

9.
Eur Spine J ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38869649

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate different patterns of coronal deformity secondary to ankylosing spondylitis (AS), to propose relevant treatment strategies, and to assess efficacy of asymmetrical pedicle subtraction osteotomy (APSO). METHODS: Coronal deformity was defined as coronal Cobb angle over 20º or coronal balance distance (CBD) more than 3 cm. 65 consecutive AS patients with concomitant coronal and sagittal deformity who underwent PSO were included. The average follow-up time was 40.4 months. Radiographic evaluation included coronal Cobb angle and CBD. Furthermore, sagittal parameters were used to assess magnitude and maintenance of kyphosis correction. RESULTS: Based on curve characteristics, coronal deformity caused by AS included four different radiologic patterns: Pattern I: lumbar scoliosis; Pattern II: C-shaped thoracolumbar curve; Pattern III: trunk shift without major curve; Pattern IV: proximal thoracic scoliosis. APSO was performed for patients in Pattern I to III while conventional PSO was applied for patients in Pattern IV. Significant improvement in all the sagittal parameters were noted in 65 patients without obvious correction loss at the last follow-up. Besides, significant and sustained correction of coronal mal-alignment was identified in 59 APSO-treated patients. Rod fracture occurred in four cases and revision surgery was performed for one case. CONCLUSION: According to radiologic manifestations, coronal deformity caused by AS could be categorized into four patterns. APSO proved to be a feasible and effective procedure for correction of Pattern I to III patients. Coronal deformity pattern, apex location, sagittal profile of lumbar spine and preoperative hip function should be considered for osteotomy level selection in APSO.

10.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 36(1): 130, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both osteoporosis and sarcopenia are associated with aging, increasing the likelihood of falls in older adults and consequently raising the risk of hip fractures (HF). AIMS: To explore the relationship between the size and density of muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and the bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal femur in elderly women with HF. METHODS: Quantitative computed tomography (QCT) was conducted on the hips of 661 female participants who experienced low-energy acute HFs to measure both areal BMD (aBMD) and volume BMD (vBMD). Measurements were taken for the cross-sectional area (CSA) and density of the muscle around the hip and adjacent SAT. Multivariable linear regression models were applied to assess the relationship between these parameters. RESULTS: Most increases in the density of the gluteus medius and minimus muscle (G.Med/MinM) were correlated with higher BMD in the femoral neck fracture (FNF) group with osteoporosis. In the FNF group, gluteus maximus muscle (G.MaxM) density was negatively associated with the BMD parameters of the proximal femur in individuals with osteoporosis, while they were positively associated with nonosteoporosis. In the intertrochanteric fracture (ITF) group without osteoporosis, both FN aBMD and FN vBMD showed significant correlations with G.Med/MinM density. DISCUSSION: In women with HFs, bone and muscle are closely related. CONCLUSIONS: In older women with HFs, density but not CSA of the G.Med/MinM were associated with BMD parameters of the proximal femur. Osteoporosis may influence the relationship between G.MaxM density and proximal femur BMD in elderly women with FNF.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Fêmur , Fraturas do Quadril , Músculo Esquelético , Gordura Subcutânea , Humanos , Feminino , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Idoso , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gordura Subcutânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcopenia/fisiopatologia , Sarcopenia/patologia
11.
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci ; 379(1906): 20230240, 2024 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853555

RESUMO

Synaptic plasticity is a key cellular model for learning, memory and chronic pain. Most previous studies were carried out in rats and mice, and less is known about synaptic plasticity in non-human primates. In the present study, we used integrative experimental approaches to study long-term potentiation (LTP) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) of adult tree shrews. We found that glutamate is the major excitatory transmitter and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionicacid (AMPA) receptors mediate postsynaptic responses. LTP in tree shrews was greater than that in adult mice and lasted for at least 5 h. N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors, Ca2+ influx and adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) contributed to tree shrew LTP. Our results suggest that LTP is a major form of synaptic plasticity in the ACC of primate-like animals. This article is part of a discussion meeting issue 'Long-term potentiation: 50 years on'.


Assuntos
Giro do Cíngulo , Potenciação de Longa Duração , Receptores de AMPA , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Tupaiidae , Animais , Potenciação de Longa Duração/fisiologia , Giro do Cíngulo/fisiologia , Tupaiidae/fisiologia , Camundongos , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Receptores de AMPA/metabolismo , Adenilil Ciclases/metabolismo , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Masculino
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guigan longmu decoction (GGLM), a traditional Chinese medicine compound, has demonstrated efficacy in treating rapid arrhythmia clinically. Nevertheless, its mechanism of action remains elusive. This study aims to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the efficacy of GGLM in treating arrhythmia utilizing non-targeted metabolomics, widely-targeted metabolomics, and network pharmacology, subsequently validated through animal experiments. METHODS: Initially, network pharmacology analysis and widely-targeted metabolomics were performed on GGLM. Subsequent to that, rats were administered GGLM intervention, and nontargeted metabolomics assays were utilized to identify metabolites in rat plasma postadministration. The primary signaling pathways, core targets, and key active ingredients of GGLM influencing arrhythmia were identified. Additionally, to validate the therapeutic efficacy of GGLM on arrhythmia rat models, a rat model of rapid arrhythmia was induced via subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol, and alterations in pertinent pathogenic pathways and proteins in the rat model were assessed through qRT-PCR and Western blot following GGLM administration. RESULTS: The results of network pharmacology showed that 99 active ingredients in GGLM acted on 249 targets and 201 signaling pathways, which may be key to treating arrhythmia. Widelytargeted metabolic quantification analysis detected a total of 448 active ingredients in GGLM, while non-targeted metabolomics identified 279 different metabolites and 10 major metabolic pathways in rats. A comprehensive analysis of the above results revealed that the core key active ingredients of GGLM in treating arrhythmia include calycosin, licochalcone B, glabridin, naringenin, medicarpin, formononetin, quercetin, isoliquiritigenin, and resveratrol. These active ingredients mainly act on the relevant molecules and proteins upstream and downstream of the MAPK pathway to delay the onset of arrhythmia. Animal experimental results showed that the heart rate of rats in the model group increased significantly, and the mRNA and protein expression of p38, MAPK, JNK, ERK, NF-kb, IL-1ß, and IL-12 in myocardial tissue also increased significantly. However, after intervention with GGLM, the heart rate of rats in the drug group decreased significantly, while the mRNA and protein expression of p38 MAPK, JNK, ERK1, NF-kb, IL-1ß, and IL-12 in myocardial tissue decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: GGLM, as an adjunctive therapy in traditional Chinese medicine, exhibits favorable therapeutic efficacy against arrhythmia. This can be attributed to the abundant presence of bioactive compounds in the formulation, including verminin, glycyrrhizin B, glabridine, naringenin, ononin, quercetin, isorhamnetin, and kaempferol. The metabolites derived from these active ingredients have the potential to mitigate myocardial inflammation and decelerate heart rate by modulating the expression of proteins associated with the MAPK signaling pathway in vivo.

13.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e31620, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831806

RESUMO

Background: Oxidative stress plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of many retinal diseases. However, only a few systematic bibliometric studies have been conducted. This study aims to visualize research hotspots and developmental trends in oxidative stress in the retina from 2013 to 2023 by analyzing bibliometric data. Methods: We retrieved papers on oxidative stress in the retina published between 2013 and 2023 from the Web of Science Core Collection. The data were visually analyzed using CiteSpace and VOSviewer software. Results: The total number of 2100 publications were included in the analysis. An overall increasing trend in the number of publications is observed between 2013 and 2023. Chinese publications were the most contributive, but United States publications were the most influential. Shanghai Jiao Tong University was the most active and prolific institution. Antioxidants was the most productive journal, while Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity were the journals with the most-cited articles. Kaarniranta K, from Finland, was the most productive and influential author. Examination of co-cited references revealed that researchers in the field are primarily focused on investigating the molecular mechanisms, preventive strategies, and utilization of antioxidants to address retinal oxidative damage. Diabetic retinopathy, endothelial growth factor, retinitis pigmentosa, retinal degeneration, antioxidant response, retinal ganglion cells, and genes are the research hotspots in this field. Metabolism, sodium iodate, and system are at the forefront of research in this field. Conclusion: Attention toward retinal oxidative stress has increased over the past decade. Current research focuses on the mechanisms of retinal diseases related to oxidative stress and the experimental study of antioxidants in retinal diseases, which may continue to be a trend in the future.

14.
Transl Cancer Res ; 13(5): 2387-2407, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38881943

RESUMO

Background: The nectin adhesion molecule CD112, an important component of tumor progression, belongs to the nectin family. However, a comprehensive evaluation of its clinical relevance and mechanism in various cancers is yet to be conducted. Methods: This investigation fully examined the relationship between prognosis and CD112 expression. We clarified the function of CD112 in tumor immunity by employing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases. This involved examining its connections to tumor mutation burden (TMB), DNA methylation, tumor immune invasion, mismatch repair (MMR), microsatellite instability (MSI), and common immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Additionally, the impact of CD112 knockdown on cell function was examined in colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines. Results: In the current study, we found malignant tissues express high levels of CD112, which was related to TMB, MMR, MSI, and DNA methylation. Survival analysis indicated that patients with high CD112 expression had an unfavorable prognosis more frequently. In addition, CD112 expression was negatively associated with infiltration levels of CD4 positive (CD4+) T cells, CD8 positive (CD8+) T cells, and T cells. Western blotting and pathway enrichment analysis showed that CD112 is significantly linked to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Additionally, CRC cells migrate and proliferate less when CD112 was knocked down. CD112 expression was found to be negatively associated with anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) treatment outcomes in patients. Conclusions: CD112 may act as a possible prognostic marker in immune therapy and may stimulate tumor growth by upregulating the EMT pathway.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(24): e38506, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875383

RESUMO

Blood cell ratios are a standard clinical index for the assessment of inflammation. Although a large number of epidemiological investigations have shown that inflammation is a potential risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease (CHD), there is not sufficient and direct evidence to confirm the relationship between blood cell ratios and CHD. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate the effect of blood cell ratios on the incidence of coronary heart disease. This 10-year national study included data from 24,924 participants. The independent variable was blood cell ratios, and the dependent variable was coronary heart diseases (yes or no). The relationship between blood cell ratios and coronary heart disease was verified using baseline characteristic analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, smoothed fitted curves, and subgroup analysis. This study found that in multiple logistic regression analysis showed significant positive correlation between monocyte counts × meutrophil counts/lymphocyte counts (SIRI) (OR = 1.495; 95% CI = 1.154-1.938), monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) (OR = 3.081; 95% CI = 1.476-6.433) and the incidence of CHD; lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) (OR = 0.928;95% CI = 0.873-0.987), monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) (OR = 0.997;95% CI = 0.994-1.000) showed negative correlation with CHD. The smoothed curve fitting shows a nonlinear relationship between SIRI, LMR, PLR, and CHD, with an inverted U-shaped curve between SIRI and CHD, an L-shaped angle between LMR and CHD, and a U-shaped curve between PLR and CHD, respectively. Their inflection points are 1.462, 3.75, and 185.714, respectively. SIRI has an inverted U-shaped curve with coronary heart disease, suggesting that low levels of SIRI increase the risk of CHD; LMR with an L-shaped curve with CHD, and PLR with a U-shaped curve with CHD, suggesting that the risk of CHD can be prevented when LMR and PLR are reduced to a certain level. This has positive implications for the prevention and treatment of CHD.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Incidência , Adulto , Idoso , Monócitos , Fatores de Risco , Contagem de Linfócitos , Contagem de Leucócitos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(24): e38435, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875388

RESUMO

Using bibliometric analysis, this study attempted to provide an overview of the current state of research and key findings regarding the relationship between atrial fibrillation (AF) and cryoballoons in general. We gathered the literature from the Web of Science (WOS) database covering the last 11 years (2013-2024) pertaining to AF and cryoballoons, and we used Citespace to evaluate the mapping of knowledge. The findings demonstrated that there were 1986 articles concerning AF and cryoballoons, with a faster growth after 2018. The United States, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, and Chierchia, Gian-Battista are the nation, organization, and writer with the highest number of publications. Kuck KH (2016) is the most frequently mentioned reference as well (488). We know that Vrije Universiteit Brusse in the Belgium has emerged as 1 of this discipline's leading research forces based on a 10-year bibliometric investigation. Prominent universities and developed nations form the finest alliances for research on cryoballoons and AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Bibliometria , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Humanos , Criocirurgia/métodos , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Virol J ; 21(1): 122, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816865

RESUMO

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a highly contagious viral illness primarily affecting children globally. A significant epidemiological transition has been noted in mainland China, characterized by a substantial increase in HFMD cases caused by non-Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) and non-Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) enteroviruses (EVs). Our study conducts a retrospective examination of 36,461 EV-positive specimens collected from Guangdong, China, from 2013 to 2021. Epidemiological trends suggest that, following 2013, Coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) and Coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) have emerged as the primary etiological agents for HFMD. In stark contrast, the incidence of EV-A71 has sharply declined, nearing extinction after 2018. Notably, cases of CVA10 infection were considerably younger, with a median age of 1.8 years, compared to 2.3 years for those with EV-A71 infections, possibly indicating accumulated EV-A71-specific herd immunity among young children. Through extensive genomic sequencing and analysis, we identified the N136D mutation in the 2 A protein, contributing to a predominant subcluster within genogroup C of CVA10 circulating in Guangdong since 2017. Additionally, a high frequency of recombination events was observed in genogroup F of CVA10, suggesting that the prevalence of this lineage might be underrecognized. The dynamic landscape of EV genotypes, along with their potential to cause outbreaks, underscores the need to broaden surveillance efforts to include a more diverse spectrum of EV genotypes. Moreover, given the shifting dominance of EV genotypes, it may be prudent to re-evaluate and optimize existing vaccination strategies, which are currently focused primarily target EV-A71.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral , Genótipo , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Filogenia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Pré-Escolar , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Epidemiologia Molecular , Enterovirus/genética , Enterovirus/classificação , Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação , Enterovirus Humano A/genética , Enterovirus Humano A/isolamento & purificação , Genômica , Incidência , Adolescente , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia
18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 271(Pt 2): 132575, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38788863

RESUMO

Rice husks are rich in xylan, which can be hydrolyzed by xylanase to form xylooligosaccharides (XOS). XOS are a functional oligosaccharide such as improving gut microbiota and antioxidant properties. In this study, the structure and functional characteristics of XOS were studied. The optimal xylanase hydrolysis conditions through response surface methodology (RSM) were: xylanase dosage of 3000 U/g, hydrolysis time of 3 h, hydrolysis temperature of 50 °C. Under this condition, the yield of XOS was 150.9 mg/g. The TG-DTG curve showed that XOS began to decompose at around 200 °C. When the concentration of XOS reached 1.0 g/L, the clearance rate of DPPH reached 65.76 %, and the scavenging rate of OH reached 62.10 %, while the clearance rate of ABTS free radicals reached 97.70 %, which was equivalent to the clearance rate of VC. XOS had a proliferative effect on four probiotics: Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brucelli, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus. However, the further experiments are needed to explore the improvement effect of XOS on human gut microbiota, laying a foundation for the effective utilization of XOS. XOS have a wide range of sources, low price, and broad development prospects. The reasonable utilization of XOS can bring greater economic benefits.

19.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 36(35)2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38806050

RESUMO

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have garnered significant attention owing to their highly power conversion efficiency (PCE) and cost-effectiveness. Traditionally, screening for PSCs with superior photovoltaic parameters relies on resource-intensive trial-and-error experiments. Nowadays, time-saving machine learning (ML) techniques serve as an artificial intelligence approach to expedite the prediction of photovoltaic parameters using accumulated research datasets. In this study, we employ seven supervised ML methods to forecast key photovoltaic parameters for PSCs such as PCE, short-circuit current density (Jsc), open-circuit voltage (Voc), and fill factor (FF). Particularly, we design an artificial neural network (ANN) architecture that incorporates residual connectivity and layer normalization after the linear layers to enhance the scope and adaptability of the network. For PCE andJsc, ANN demonstrates superior prediction accuracy, yielding root mean square errors of 2.632% and 2.244 mA cm-2, respectively. The Random Forest (RF) model exhibits exceptional prediction performance forVocand FF. Additionally, an interpretability analysis of the model is conducted to elucidate the impact of features on PCE prediction, offering a novel approach for accurate and interpretable ML methods in the context of PSCs.

20.
Nano Lett ; 24(23): 6889-6896, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739156

RESUMO

Thermal conductivity is a critical material property in numerous applications, such as those related to thermoelectric devices and heat dissipation. Effectively modulating thermal conductivity has become a great concern in the field of heat conduction. Here, a quantum modulation strategy is proposed to modulate the thermal conductivity/heat flux by exciting targeted phonons. It shows that the thermal conductivity of graphene can be tailored in the range of 1559 W m-1 K-1 (decreased to 49%) to 4093 W m-1 K-1 (increased to 128%), compared with the intrinsic value of 3189 W m-1 K-1. The effects are also observed for graphene nanoribbons and bulk silicon. The results are obtained through both density functional theory calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. This novel modulation strategy may pave the way for quantum heat conduction.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...