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1.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e29978, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726147

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate whether SJF functions in similar manner as the key substance in the inflammatory process, soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor, to inhibit the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway and nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB) signal path in the hippocampi of postpartum depression rats. Methods: The rats were subcutaneous injected estradiol benzoate and progesterone to build PPD rat model. SJF, paroxetine hydrochloride and sEH inhibitor (AUDA) were used to treat PPD rats for 3 weeks. Then the morphological changes of hippocampi and various proteins were observed after that behavioral test were conducted in all 36 SD rats in six group: SJF, paroxetine, AUDA, PPD, sham and normal group. Results: Weight, results of sucrose preference, upright times, total and center squares crossing decreased significantly (P < 0.01), whereas immobility time increased (P < 0.01). Results above were reversed in animals that in the SJF, paroxetine and AUDA groups. Hippocampal neurons in PPD rats partially degenerated with narrowed nuclei, increased autophagy and mitochondria bound to lysosomes were visible while the autophagy of hippocampal neurons in the paroxetine and AUDA group decreased, with a small amount of lysosomes. sEH, COX-2, 5-LOX, TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, NF-κB p65, and Cor increased in hippocampi of PPD rats while EETs and 5-HT decreased. Protein expressions of Ibal, GFAP, p-IκBα, p65, and p-p65(S536)increased in PPD animals. Those changes were reversed by SJF, paroxetine and AUDA. Gene expressions of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, 5-LOX, COX-2 and p65 increased in PPD rats and the changes of expression in these genes were reversed by paroxetine and AUDA. SJF reversed the gene expression changes of COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-1ß. Conclusion: SJF may have an analogous effect as sEH inhibitor to relieve depressive symptoms by suppressing inflammatory signaling pathways in hippocampi of PPD rats, which involves AA metabolic pathway and NF-κB signal pathway.

2.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 106: 106883, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703594

RESUMO

Ultrasound has been widely used in industry due to its high energy and efficiency. This study optimized the ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) process of frosted figs pectin (FFP) using response surface methodology (RSM), and further investigated the effect of ultrasonic power on the structural characteristics and antioxidant activities of FFPs. The UAE method of FFP through RSM was optimized, and the optimal extraction process conditions, particle size of 100 mesh, pH value of 1.95, liquid-solid ratio of 47:1 (mL/g), extraction temperature of 50 °C and extraction time of 65 min, were obtained. The extraction rate of FFP under this condition was 37.97 ± 2.56 %. Then, the four FFPs modified by ultrasound were obtained by changing the ultrasonic power. Research had found that ultrasonic power had little effect on the monosaccharide composition, Zeta potential, as well as the thermal stability and appearance structure of the four FFPs. However, ultrasonic power had a significant impact on other properties of FFP: as the ultrasonic power increased, the DM% and particle size decreased continuously, while the total carbohydrate content increased. Meanwhile, ultrasonic power also had a significant impact on antioxidant activities of FFPs. From the research results, it could be seen that different ultrasonic power had certain changes in its spatial structure and properties, and the structural changes also affected the biological activity of FFP. The study of the effects of ultrasonic power on the physicochemical properties and biological activity of FFP lays the foundation for the development and application of FFP in food additives and natural drug carriers.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 317: 124385, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714005

RESUMO

A novel colorimetric-fluorescent dual-mode chemosensor (JT5) based on rhodamine B has been produced for monitoring Sn4+ in the DMSO/H2O (4:1, v/v) medium. It has high sensitivity, a low detection limit, a short response time (1 s) and high stability, and can still be maintained after two weeks with the red dual fluorescence/ colorimetric response. Enhancement of red fluorescence (591 nm) and red colorimetric (567 nm) response of JT5 by Sn4+ addition. The electrostatic potential of the sensor JT5 molecule was simulated to speculate on the sensing mechanism, and the IR, mass spectrometry and 1H NMR titration were utilized to further demonstrate that JT5 was coordinated to Sn4+ with a 1:1 type, the rhodamine spironolactam ring of JT5 opens up to form a penta-membered ring with Sn4+, meanwhile, its system may have chelation enhanced fluorescence (CHEF) effect. In addition, theoretical calculations were carried out to give the energy gaps of JT5 and [JT5 + Sn4+] as well as to simulate the electronic properties of the maximal absorption peaks. Notably, the sensor JT5 was successfully applied to monitoring Sn4+ in zebrafish, and the JT5-loaded filter paper provided a solid-state platform for detecting Sn4+ by both naked eye and fluorescent methods. In summary, this work contributes to monitoring Sn4+ in organisms and solid-state materials and promotes understanding of Sn4+ functions in biological systems, environments, and solid-state materials.

4.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; : 108082, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705251

RESUMO

In addition to topography and climate, biogeographic dispersal has been considered to influence plant diversity in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains (HHM), yet, the mode and tempo of sky island dispersal and its influence on species richness has been little explored. Through phylogenetic analysis of Gaultheria ser. Trichophyllae, a sky island alpine clade within the HHM, we test the hypothesis that dispersal has affected current local species richness. We inferred the dynamics of biogeographic dispersal with correlation tests on direction, distance, occurrence time, and regional species richness. We found that G. ser. Trichophyllae originated at the end of the Miocene and mostly dispersed toward higher longitudes (eastward). In particular, shorter intra-regional eastward dispersals and longer inter-regional westward dispersals were most frequently observed. We detected a prevalence of eastward intra-region dispersals in both glacial periods and interglacials. These dispersals may have been facilitated by the reorganization of paleo-drainages and monsoon intensification through time. We suggest that the timing of dispersal corresponding to glacial periods and the prevalence of intra-region dispersal, rather than dispersal frequency, most influenced the pattern of species richness of G. ser. Trichophyllae. This study facilitates a more comprehensive understanding of biodiversity in the sky islands within the HHM.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691150

RESUMO

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most prevalent bacterial infectious diseases worldwide. However, the resistance of urinary pathogens to other UTI antibiotics such as trimethoprim and trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole increased. Pivmecillinam is a prodrug of mecillinam, which is effective for the treatment of urinary tract infections. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety, and pharmacokinetics of pivmecillinam and mecillinam after single- and multiple-dose oral administration of pivmecillinam tablets in healthy Chinese subjects. The study also investigated the profile of urinary excretion of mecillinam, as well as the effect of food and gender on the pharmacokinetics of pivmecillinam and mecillinam. This study was a single-center, open-label phase I study carried out in three groups. In total, 34 subjects were included in the study: group 1-food effect study with pivmecillinam 200 mg (n = 12); group 2-single- and multiple-dose study with pivmecillinam 400 mg (n = 12); group 3-single dose study with pivmecillinam 600 mg (n = 10). The plasma and urine concentrations of pivmecillinam and mecillinam were measured, and their pharmacokinetics were calculated. Treatment-emergent adverse events were evaluated and recorded in safety assessments for three groups. No severe adverse events were found in this study. After a single dose of pivmecillinam was taken orally, the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of pivmecillinam increased in a dose-proportional manner, nor did mecillinam. Food had significant effects on Cmax and AUC0-t of pivmecillinam and Cmax of mecillinam. The mean cumulative percentage of urine excretion of mecillinam at 0 to 24 h ranged from 35.5 to 44.0%. Urinary cumulative excretion is relative to the drug dose, but the diet and multiple-dose administration did not affect the urinary cumulative excretion rate. The safety and pharmacokinetics of pivmecillinam and mecillinam after single- (200/400/600 mg) or multiple-dose (400 mg) administration were demonstrated in healthy Chinese subjects. Food affected the pharmacokinetics of pivmecillinam and mecillinam.

6.
ArXiv ; 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745694

RESUMO

The heterogeneous micromechanical properties of biological tissues have profound implications across diverse medical and engineering domains. However, identifying the full-field heterogeneous elastic properties of soft materials using traditional computational and engineering approaches is fundamentally challenging due to difficulties in estimating local stress fields. Recently, there has been a growing interest in using data-driven models to learn full-field mechanical responses such as displacement and strain from experimental or synthetic data. However, research studies on inferring the full-field elastic properties of materials, a more challenging problem, are scarce, particularly for large deformation, hyperelastic materials. Here, we propose a physics-informed machine learning approach to identify the elastic modulus distribution in nonlinear, large deformation hyperelastic materials. We evaluate the prediction accuracies and computational efficiency of physics-informed neural networks (PINNs) on inferring the heterogeneous material parameter maps across three nonlinear materials with structural complexity that closely resemble real tissue patterns, such as brain tissue and tricuspid valve tissue. Our improved PINN architecture accurately estimates the full-field elastic properties of three hyperelastic constitutive models, with relative errors of less than 5% across all examples. This research has significant potential for advancing our understanding of micromechanical behaviors in biological materials, impacting future innovations in engineering and medicine.

8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4066, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744885

RESUMO

Terrestrial geothermal springs are physicochemically diverse and host abundant populations of Archaea. However, the diversity, functionality, and geological influences of these Archaea are not well understood. Here we explore the genomic diversity of Archaea in 152 metagenomes from 48 geothermal springs in Tengchong, China, collected from 2016 to 2021. Our dataset is comprised of 2949 archaeal metagenome-assembled genomes spanning 12 phyla and 392 newly identified species, which increases the known species diversity of Archaea by ~48.6%. The structures and potential functions of the archaeal communities are strongly influenced by temperature and pH, with high-temperature acidic and alkaline springs favoring archaeal abundance over Bacteria. Genome-resolved metagenomics and metatranscriptomics provide insights into the potential ecological niches of these Archaea and their potential roles in carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and hydrogen metabolism. Furthermore, our findings illustrate the interplay of competition and cooperation among Archaea in biogeochemical cycles, possibly arising from overlapping functional niches and metabolic handoffs. Taken together, our study expands the genomic diversity of Archaea inhabiting geothermal springs and provides a foundation for more incisive study of biogeochemical processes mediated by Archaea in geothermal ecosystems.


Assuntos
Archaea , Genoma Arqueal , Fontes Termais , Metagenoma , Metagenômica , Filogenia , Fontes Termais/microbiologia , Archaea/genética , Archaea/classificação , China , Metagenômica/métodos , Biodiversidade , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Enxofre/metabolismo , Temperatura , Ecossistema
9.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711379

RESUMO

Two two-dimensional (2D) layered metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely, {[Yb(L)(H2O)2NO3]·2H2O}n (Yb-MOF) and [Er(L)(H2O)3Cl]n (Er-MOF) (H2L = 5-((6H-purin-6-yl)amino)isophthalic acid), were constructed by a solvothermal method and characterized. The catalytic performance study showed that the Yb-MOF could efficiently catalyze the oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides under 15 W light-emitting diode (LED) blue light irradiation. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and free-radical trapping experiments demonstrated that the photocatalytic reaction process involved •O2-, and the corresponding mechanism was proposed. Moreover, Er-MOF exhibited good catalytic efficiency and excellent substrate tolerance in the cycloaddition reaction of CO2, and the reaction conditions were mild. After 5 cycles, the catalytic activities of two MOFs did not significantly decrease, and the framework structures remained unchanged. Therefore, the Yb-MOF and Er-MOF were considered efficient and stable heterogeneous catalysts.

10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 155, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the increasing attention to glycemic variability (GV) and its potential implications for cardiovascular outcomes. This study aimed to explore the impact of acute GV on short-term outcomes in Chinese patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: This study enrolled 7510 consecutive patients diagnosed with acute STEMI from 274 centers in China. GV was assessed using the coefficient of variation of blood glucose levels. Patients were categorized into three groups according to GV tertiles (GV1, GV2, and GV3). The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause death, and the secondary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Cox regression analyses were conducted to determine the independent correlation between GV and the outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 7136 patients with STEMI were included. During 30-days follow-up, there was a significant increase in the incidence of all-cause death and MACEs with higher GV tertiles. The 30-days mortality rates were 7.4% for GV1, 8.7% for GV2 and 9.4% for GV3 (p = 0.004), while the MACEs incidence rates was 11.3%, 13.8% and 15.8% for the GV1, GV2 and GV3 groups respectively (p < 0.001). High GV levels during hospitalization were significantly associated with an increased risk of 30-day all-cause mortality and MACEs. When analyzed as a continuous variable, GV was independently associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.679, 95% confidence Interval [CI] 1.005-2.804) and MACEs (HR 2.064, 95% CI 1.386-3.074). Additionally, when analyzed as categorical variables, the GV3 group was found to predict an increased risk of MACEs, irrespective of the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM). CONCLUSION: Our study findings indicate that a high GV during hospitalization was significantly associated with an increased risk of 30-day all-cause mortality and MACE in Chinese patients with STEMI. Moreover, acute GV emerged as an independent predictor of increased MACEs risk, regardless of DM status.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Glicemia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e29517, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720714

RESUMO

Purpose: This investigation was conceived to engineer and appraise a pioneering clinical nomogram, crafted to bridge the extant chasm in literature regarding the postoperative risk stratification for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the aftermath of lower extremity orthopedic procedures. This novel tool offers a sophisticated and discerning algorithm for risk prediction, heretofore unmet by existing methodologies. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, clinical records of hospitalized patients who underwent lower extremity orthopedic surgery were collected at the Wuxi TCM Hospital Affiliated to the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine between Jan 2017 and Oct 2019. The univariate and multivariate analysis with the backward stepwise method was applied to select features for the predictive nomogram. The performance of the nomogram was evaluated with respect to its discriminant capability, calibration ability, and clinical utility. Result: A total of 5773 in-hospital patients were eligible for the study, with the incidence of deep vein thrombosis being approximately 1 % in this population. Among 31 variables included, 5 of them were identified to be the predictive features in the nomogram, including age, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), D-dimer, platelet distribution width (PDW), and thrombin time (TT). The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve in the training and validation cohort was 85.9 % (95%CI: 79.96 %-90.04 %) and 85.7 % (95%CI: 78.96 %-90.69 %), respectively. Both the calibration curves and decision curve analysis demonstrated the overall satisfactory performance of the model. Conclusion: Our groundbreaking nomogram is distinguished by its unparalleled accuracy in discriminative and calibrating functions, complemented by its tangible clinical applicability. This innovative instrument is set to empower clinicians with a robust framework for the accurate forecasting of postoperative DVT, thus facilitating the crafting of bespoke and prompt therapeutic strategies, aligning with the rigorous standards upheld by the most esteemed biomedical journals.

13.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(5): 232, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of combining Endostar with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (ECCRT) compared to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) on the regression rate of retropharyngeal lymph nodes (RLNs) and the relationship between regression rate of RLNs and prognosis of patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LANPC). METHODS: A total of 122 LANPC patients with RLNs metastasis were included. Metastatic RLNs were delineated both before and after treatment slice by slice on the magnetic resonance images cross-section. The regression rate of RLNs, adverse effects (AE) were evaluated. The median regression rate of RLNs was taken as the cut-off value, and the patients were furtherly divided into high regression rate (HRR) group and low regression rate (LRR) group, then survival times were evaluated. RESULTS: The median regression rates of RLNs in the ECCRT and CCRT groups were 81% and 50%, respectively (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of grade 3/4 AEs between the two groups, except for oral mucositis (ECCRT 26.23% vs. CCRT 44.26%, P = 0.037). The 3-year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) and locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS) rates in the HRR and LRR groups were 85.48% and 86.67% (P = 0.983), 80.65% and 68.33% (P = 0.037), 83.87% and 85% (P = 0.704), 93.55% and 81.67% (P = 0.033), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Patients in the ECCRT group had higher regression rates of RLNs and lower incidence of severe oral mucositis. Furthermore, patients in the HRR group had a better 3-year PFS and LRFFS rate than those in the LRR group.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Metástase Linfática , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Proteínas Recombinantes , Humanos , Masculino , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Feminino , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Adulto , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Endostatinas/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740364

RESUMO

The study characterized the transcriptionally regulatory mechanism and functions of three zinc (Zn) transporters (znt4, znt5 and znt10) in Zn2+ metabolism in yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), commonly freshwater fish in China and other countries. We cloned the sequences of znt4 promoter, spanning from -1217 bp to +80 bp relative to TSS (1297 bp); znt5, spanning from -1783 bp to +49 bp relative to TSS (1832 bp) and znt10, spanning from -1923 bp to +190 bp relative to TSS (2113 bp). In addition, after conducting the experiments of sequential deletion of promoter region and mutation of potential binding site, we found that the Nrf2 binding site (-607/-621 bp) and Klf4 binding site (-5/-14 bp) were required on znt4 promoter, the Mtf-1 binding site (-1674/-1687 bp) and Atf4 binding site (-444/-456 bp) were required on znt5 promoter and the Atf4 binding site (-905/-918 bp) was required on znt10 promoter. Then, according to EMSA and ChIP, we found that Zn2+ incubation increased DNA affinity of Atf4 to znt5 or znt10 promoter, but decreased DNA affinity of Nrf2 to znt4 promoter, Klf4 to znt4 promoter and Mtf-1 to znt5 promoter. Using fluorescent microscopy, it was revealed that Znt4 and Znt10 were located in the lysosome and Golgi, and Znt5 was located in the Golgi. Finally, we found that znt4 knockdown reduced the zinc content of lysosome and Golgi in the control and zinc-treated group; znt5 knockdown reduced the zinc content of Golgi in the control and zinc-treated group and znt10 knockdown reduced the zinc content of Golgi in the zinc-treated group. High dietary zinc supplement up-regulated Znt4 and Znt5 protein expression. Above all, for the first time, we revealed that Klf4 and Nrf2 transcriptionally regulated the activities of znt4 promoter; Mtf-1 and Atf4 transcriptionally regulated the activities of znt5 promoter and Atf4 transcriptionally regulated the activities of znt10 promoter, which provided innovative regulatory mechanism of zinc transporting in yellow catfish. Our study also elucidated their subcellular location, and regulatory role of zinc homeostasis in yellow catfish.

15.
Radiother Oncol ; : 110324, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735537

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and to identify central symptoms and bridge symptoms among psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited patients with NPC in Guangzhou, China from May 2022, to October 2022. The General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were used for screening anxiety and depression, respectively. Network analysis was conducted to evaluate the centrality and connectivity of the symptoms of anxiety, depression, quality of life (QoL) and insomnia. RESULTS: A total of 2806 respondents with complete GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores out of 3828 were enrolled. The incidence of anxiety in the whole population was 26.5% (depression, 28.5%; either anxiety or depression, 34.8%). Anxiety was highest at caner diagnosis (34.2%), while depression reached a peak at late-stage radiotherapy (48.5%). Both moderate and severe anxiety and depression were exacerbated during radiotherapy. Coexisting anxiety and depression occurred in 58.3% of those with either anxiety or depression. The generated network showed that anxiety and depression symptoms were closely connected; insomnia was strongly connected with QoL. "Sad mood", "Lack of energy", and "Trouble relaxing" were the most important items in the network. Insomnia was the most significant bridge item that connected symptom groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with NPC are facing alarming disturbances of psychiatric disorders; tailored strategies should be implemented for high-risk patients. Besides, central symptoms (sad mood, lack of energy, and trouble relaxing) and bridge symptoms (insomnia) may be potential interventional targets in future clinical practice.

16.
Analyst ; 149(10): 3026-3033, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618891

RESUMO

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a class of hydrolase that catalyzes the dephosphorylation of phosphorylated species in biological tissues, playing an important role in many physiological and pathological processes. Sensitive imaging of ALP activity in living cells is contributory to the research on these processes. Herein, we propose an acid-responsive DNA hydrogel to deliver a cascaded enzymatic nucleic acid amplification system into cells for the sensitive imaging of intracellular ALP activity. The DNA hydrogel is formed by two kinds of Y-shaped DNA monomers and acid-responsive cytosine-rich linkers. The amplification system contained Bst DNA polymerase (Bst DP), Nt.BbvCI endonuclease, a Recognition Probe (RP, containing a DNAzyme sequence, a Nt.BbvCI recognition sequence, and a phosphate group at the 3'-end), and a Signal Probe (SP, containing a cleavage site for DNAzyme, Cy3 and BHQ2 at the two ends). The amplification system was trapped into the DNA hydrogel and taken up by cells, and the cytosine-rich linkers folded into a quadruplex i-motif in the acidic lysosomes, leading to the collapse of the hydrogel and releasing the amplification system. The phosphate groups on RPs were recognized and removed by the target ALP, triggering a polymerization-nicking cycle to produce large numbers of DNAzyme sequences, which then cleaved multiple SPs, restoring Cy3 fluorescence to indicate the ALP activity. This strategy achieved sensitive imaging of ALP in living HeLa, MCF-7, and NCM460 cells, and realized the sensitive detection of ALP in vitro with a detection limit of 2.0 × 10-5 U mL-1, providing a potential tool for the research of ALP-related physiological and pathological processes.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , DNA Catalítico , DNA , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Humanos , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Fosfatase Alcalina/química , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , DNA/química , DNA/genética , DNA Catalítico/química , DNA Catalítico/metabolismo , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/química , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/metabolismo , Limite de Detecção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrogéis/química , Células HeLa
17.
mBio ; 15(5): e0074124, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587427

RESUMO

Outbreaks of acute respiratory viral diseases, such as influenza and COVID-19 caused by influenza A virus (IAV) and SARS-CoV-2, pose a serious threat to global public health, economic security, and social stability. This calls for the development of broad-spectrum antivirals to prevent or treat infection or co-infection of IAV and SARS-CoV-2. Hemagglutinin (HA) on IAV and spike (S) protein on SARS-CoV-2, which contain various types of glycans, play crucial roles in mediating viral entry into host cells. Therefore, they are key targets for the development of carbohydrate-binding protein-based antivirals. This study demonstrated that griffithsin (GRFT) and the GRFT-based bivalent entry inhibitor GL25E (GRFT-L25-EK1) showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against IAV infection in vitro by binding to HA in a carbohydrate-dependent manner and effectively protected mice from lethal IAV infection. Although both GRFT and GL25E could inhibit infection of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variants, GL25E proved to be significantly more effective than GRFT and EK1 alone. Furthermore, GL25E effectively inhibited in vitro co-infection of IAV and SARS-CoV-2 and demonstrated good druggability, including favorable safety and stability profiles. These findings suggest that GL25E is a promising candidate for further development as a broad-spectrum antiviral drug for the prevention and treatment of infection or co-infection from IAV and SARS-CoV-2.IMPORTANCEInfluenza and COVID-19 are highly contagious respiratory illnesses caused by the influenza A virus (IAV) and SARS-CoV-2, respectively. IAV and SARS-CoV-2 co-infection exacerbates damage to lung tissue and leads to more severe clinical symptoms, thus calling for the development of broad-spectrum antivirals for combating IAV and SARS-CoV-2 infection or co-infection. Here we found that griffithsin (GRFT), a carbohydrate-binding protein, and GL25E, a recombinant protein consisting of GRFT, a 25 amino acid linker, and EK1, a broad-spectrum coronavirus inhibitor, could effectively inhibit IAV and SARS-CoV-2 infection and co-infection by targeting glycans on HA of IAV and spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2. GL25E is more effective than GRFT because GL25E can also interact with the HR1 domain in SARS-CoV-2 S protein. Furthermore, GL25E possesses favorable safety and stability profiles, suggesting that it is a promising candidate for development as a drug to prevent and treat IAV and SARS-CoV-2 infection or co-infection.


Assuntos
Antivirais , COVID-19 , Coinfecção , Vírus da Influenza A , Lectinas de Plantas , SARS-CoV-2 , Internalização do Vírus , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , Vírus da Influenza A/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Coinfecção/virologia , Lectinas de Plantas/farmacologia , COVID-19/virologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19 , Cães , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Feminino , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/metabolismo , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/virologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino
18.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400463, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606752

RESUMO

One novel compound, (R)-3, 6-diethoxy-4-hydroxycyclohex-3-en-1-one (1) and thirteen known compounds were isolated from the waste tobacco leaves. The structures of two compounds (1-2) were confirmed and attributed firstly by the extensive spectroscopic data, including 1D/2D NMR, IR, HR-ESI-MS, CD, and ECD spectra. Notably, seven compounds (2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13) exhibited better tyrosinase inhibitory activity than the positive control kojic acid. The binding modes of these compounds revealed that their structure formed strong hydrogen bonds and van der Waals forces with the active sites of tyrosinase. These results indicated that waste tobacco leaves are good resources for developing tyrosinase inhibitors.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 929: 172598, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642769

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment is an important source of non-CO2 greenhouse gases (GHGs). However, current quantification of these GHG emissions mainly employs unit-based measurements, where emissions from individual process units are identified, leading to large uncertainties of overall emissions. Here we introduce plant-integrated measurements, where emissions from the whole plant are measured through the off-gas pipelines of the enclosed facility, to quantify methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from an underground municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in southern China. Our results show that the primary oxic tank contributes the largest in total CH4 and N2O emissions, with an average fraction of over 80 % and over 90 %, respectively. This can be attributed to the vigorous aeration process, which facilitates the transfer of dissolved CH4 and N2O from the liquid phase to the atmosphere through intensive air stripping. The plant-integrated measurements yield around 3-9 times higher emission factors of CH4 and N2O than the unit-based measurements. This difference in emission accounting is attributed to both varying survey durations of the two approaches and the omission of uncertain emission sources during unit-based measurements. The comparison between these two approaches indicates that plant-integrated measurements are more applicable for emission quantification of the whole plant whereas unit-based measurements provide insights into the emission characteristics of individual process units. More plant-integrated measurements are needed in the future for more accurate emission accounting of WWTPs.

20.
Heliyon ; 10(8): e28543, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628704

RESUMO

Objective: Individual differences were observed in the clinical efficacy of Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) in the treatment of the primary Meige syndrome. Our study aimed to explore the potential associations between the clinical efficacy of BoNT-A in the treatment of the primary Meige syndrome and variants of SNAP25, SV2C and ST3GAL2, which are involving in the translocation of the BoNT-A in vivo. Methods: Patients with the primary Meige syndrome treated with BoNT-A were enrolled. Clinical efficacy was evaluated by the maximum improvement rate of motor symptoms and the duration of efficacy. Variants of SNAP25, SV2C and ST3GAL2 were obtained by Sanger sequencing. Another cohort diagnosed with primary cervical dystonia was also enrolled in the replication stage. Results: Among the 104 primary Meige syndrome patients, 80 patients (76.9%) had a good efficacy (the maximum improvement rate of motor symptoms ≥30%) and 24 (23. 1%) had a poor (the maximum improvement rate of motor symptoms <30%). As to the duration of efficacy, 52 patients (50.0%) had a long duration of efficacy (≥4 months), and 52 (50.0%) had a short (<4 months). In terms of primary Meige syndrome, SNAP25 rs6104571 was found associating with the maximum improvement rate of motor symptoms (Genotype: P = 0.02, OR = 0.26; Allele: P = 0.013, OR = 0.29), and SV2C rs31244 was found associating with the duration of efficacy (Genotype: P = 0.024, OR = 0.13; Allele: P = 0.012, OR = 0.13). Besides, we also conducted the association analyses between the variants and BoNT-A-related adverse reactions. Although, there was no statistical difference between the allele of SV2C rs31244 and BoNT-A-related adverse reactions, there was a trend (P = 0.077, OR = 2.56). In the replication stage, we included 39 patients with primary cervical dystonia to further expanding the samples' size. Among the 39 primary cervical dystonia patients, 25 patients (64.1%) had a good efficacy (the maximum improvement rate of motor symptoms ≥50%) and 14 (35.9%) had a poor (the maximum improvement rate of motor symptoms <50%). As to the duration of efficacy, 32 patients (82.1%) had a long duration of efficacy (≥6 months), and 7 (17.9%) had a short (<6 months). Integrating primary Meige syndrome and primary cervical dystonia, SV2C rs31244 was still found associating with the duration of efficacy (Genotype: P = 0.002, OR = 0. 23; Allele: P = 0.001, OR = 0. 25). Conclusion: In our study, SNAP25 rs6104571 was associated with the maximum improvement rate of motor symptoms in patients with primary Meige syndrome treated with BoNT-A, and patients carrying this variant had a lower improvement rate of motor symptoms. SV2C rs31244 was associated with duration of treatment in patients with primary Meige syndrome treated with BoNT-A and patients carrying this variant had a shorter duration of treatment. Patients with primary Meige syndrome carrying SV2C rs31244 G allele have an increase likelihood of BoNT-A-related adverse reactions. Involving 39 patients with primary cervical dystonia, the results further verify that SV2C rs31244 was associated with duration of treatment and patients carrying this variant had a shorter duration of treatment.

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