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1.
Gene ; 724: 144146, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634561

RESUMO

miRNA mediated genetic regulation is widely involved in carcinogenesis of cervical cancer. In this study, miR-214 was confirmed to directly regulate MKK3 via imperfect base-pairing to its 3'UTR, resulting down-regulation of its expression level. Compared to normal tissues, a down-regulated level of miR-214 was observed in cervical cancer, while MKK3 was up-regulated. Next, we demonstrated that over-expression of miR-214 or knockdown of MKK3 can inhibit the growth, proliferation, invasion and migration of cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the effects of miR-214 in HeLa cells were rescued by the restoration of MKK3. In conclusion, our results laid new foundations for investigating the pathogenesis and diagnosis of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
MAP Quinase Quinase 3/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HeLa , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase 3/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
2.
Talanta ; 207: 120284, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594616

RESUMO

Magnetic carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with encapsulated Co nanoparticles (Co@CNTs), was synthesized by exploiting the one-step pyrolysis strategy using ZIF-67 as template. The as-synthesized Co@CNTs is provided with the nanopores, a large specific surface area, and strong magnetic response. The obtained Co@CNTs was used as magnetic solid-phase extraction adsorbents to extract two profens including flurbiprofen and ketoprofen. The parameters of extraction efficiency, involving extraction time, sample solution volume, ionic strength, pH and the conditions of desorption efficiency, were optimized in detail. After determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet (HPLC-UV), the results evinced that Co@CNTs showed a high extraction efficiency with high enrichment factors of 832 and 672. The good linear range of both flurbiprofen and ketoprofen were all 5.0-1000 ng L-1, with the limit of detection were 0.60 ng L-1 and 0.70 ng L-1, respectively. Furthermore, a valid method for the extraction of flurbiprofen and ketoprofen from human serum was established. The spiking recoveries of two profens were between 86.74% and 97.22%, and the relative standard deviation was less than 6.55%. Co@CNTs can be repeatedly used at least 10 times, indicating its excellent regeneration and reusability. The results demonstrated that the Co@CNTs materials exhibits high enrichment ability and extraction efficiency, playing great promise in MSPE.

3.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 475-486, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107971

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) promote cell proliferation, migration, invasion and castration resistance in prostate cancer (PCa). Understanding the inherited molecular mechanisms by which lncRNAs contribute to the progression of PCa to a lethal disease could have an important impact on cancer detection, diagnosis and prognosis. In our study, PCa-associated lncRNA transcripts from RNA-seq data were identified and screened via bioinformatics analysis, NCBI annotations and literature review. We identified a novel lncRNA, lncAPP (lncRNA activated in PCa progression), which activates in PCa progression and is expressed in primary tumor tissues and urine samples of patients with localized or advanced PCa. Urinary-based lncAPP is a promising biomarker for predicting PCa progression. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that lncAPP enhanced cell proliferation and promoted migration and invasion. The underlying mechanism of lncRNA was investigated by RNA immunoprecipitation, dual-luciferase reporter system assay, etc. Upregulation of lncAPP promoted cell migration and invasion via competitively binding miR218 to facilitate ZEB2/CDH2 expression. In addition, in vivo subcutaneous tumor xenograft models and tail intravenously injection metastatic models were constructed to evaluate lncRNA function. Targeting lncAPP/miR218 axis in cell lines and tumor xenografts restrained tumor progression properties both in vitro and in vivo. These results establish that lncAPP/miR218 axis plays a critical role in PCa progression, and they also suggest new strategies to prevent tumor progression for therapeutic purposes.

4.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 103: 103513, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585194

RESUMO

Adrenergic receptors (ARs) are members of the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily that can be categorized into αARs and ßARs. The specific function of ARs in teleost monocytes/macrophages (MO/MФ) remains unknown. We determined the cDNA sequence of ARs from ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis; PaαAR and PaßAR). Sequence comparisons showed that PaαAR was most closely related to the αAR of the Japanese flounder and Nile tilapia, while PaßAR was most closely related to the ßAR of Atlantic salmon. The AR transcripts were mainly expressed in the spleen, and their expression was altered in various tissues upon infection with Vibrio anguillarum. PaαAR and PaßAR proteins were upregulated in MO/MФ after infection, and PaßAR knockdown resulted in a pro-inflammatory status in ayu MO/MФ upon V. anguillarum infection and lowered the phagocytic activity of MO/MФ. Our results indicate that PaßAR plays the role of an anti-inflammatory mediator in the immune response of ayu against bacterial infection.

5.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797350

RESUMO

Neopterin is primarily synthesized and released by activated macrophages/monocytes upon stimulation with interferon-γ and is considered as a marker for macrophage activation. This study aimed to analyze the serum levels of neopterin in patients with dermatomyositis (DM) in association with clinical manifestations, laboratory data and patient prognosis. One hundred and eighty-two consecutive DM patients and 30 healthy controls were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Serum levels of neopterin were significantly increased in DM patients compared to healthy controls (P<0.001). High serum neopterin levels were associated with anti-MDA5 antibody, rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD), and characteristic DM cutaneous involvement. Longitudinal assessment of serum samples revealed that the serum neopterin levels were closely correlated with disease severity (ß=30.24, P<0.001). In addition, a significant increase in serum neopterin concentration of non-survivors was observed when compared to that of survivors (P<0.001). ROC curves showed that serum neopterin could distinguish non-survivors and survivors at an optimal cut-off level of 22.1 nmol/L with a sensitivity and specificity of 0.804 and 0.625 respectively (P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that DM patients with serum neopterin > 22.1 nmol/L had a significantly higher mortality compared to patient group with serum neopterin <22.1 nmol/L (logrank P<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis identified high serum neopterin concentration to be an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in DM (adjusted HR=4.619, 95%CI: 2.092-10.195, P<0.001). In conclusions, increased serum levels of neopterin were significantly associated with RP-ILD and reduced survival in DM patients, suggesting it as a promising biomarker in disease evaluation of DM.

6.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-18, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787068

RESUMO

The overexpression of PTP-LAR could cause the insulin resistance, so PTP-LAR might be a promising target for treating diabetes. In this study, we applied the computer modeling methods with fragment replace approach to screen the fragment database by targeting PTP domain and site B with the aim to discover potent and selective PTP-LAR inhibitors. A series of novel 4-thiazolidone derivatives were gained. The results of their ADMET predictions indicated that these new compounds might become drug candidates. The series of these derivatives were synthesized. Subsequently, their PTP-LAR inhibitory activities were assayed. The compound7d showed highly selectivity for PTP-LAR (10.41 µM) over its close homolog PTP1B (IC50=44.40 µM), SHP2 (IC50>122.81 µM) and CDC25B (IC50>122.81 µM) and docking and molecular dynamics simulation were applied to propose the most likely binding mode of compound7d with PTP-LAR. Thus, our findings reported here may pave a way for discovering potential selective PTP-LAR inhibitors.Abbreviations: PTP-LAR, Human leukocyte common antigen-related; PTP, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase; IR,  insulin receptor; PTP1B, Protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B; LRP, Lung resistance protein; ADMET, absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, toxicity; PPB, plasma protein binding; BBB, blood brain barrier penetration; CYP450, cytochrome P450; HIA, human intestinal absorption; TLC, thin-layer chromatography; UV, Ultra Violet; NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance; TMS, tetramethylsilane; MS, mass spectrometry; ANM, anisotropic network mode; PDB, Protein Data Bank; DMF, N,N-Dimethylformamide; pNPP, para-nitrophenyl phosphate; DTT, dithiothreitol; MD, molecular dynamic; RMSD, root-mean-square deviation; RMSF, root-mean-square fluctuation; SPC, single-point charge; PME, Particle Mesh Ewald; MM-PBSA, molecular mechanics Poisson Boltzmann surface area; H bond, hydrogen bond; VDW, Van der Waals.

7.
Opt Express ; 27(21): 29676-29684, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684225

RESUMO

Laser wakefield accelerators have emerged as a promising candidate for compact synchrotron radiation and even x-ray free electron lasers. Today, to make the electrons emit electromagnetic radiation, the trajectories of laser wakefield accelerated electrons are deflected by transverse wakefield, counter-propagating laser field or external permanent magnet insertion device. Here, we propose a novel type of undulator that has a period of a few hundred microns and a magnetic field of tens of Tesla. The undulator consists of a bifilar capacitor-coil target that sustains a strong discharge current that generates a helical magnetic field around the coil axis when irradiated by a high-energy laser. Coupling this undulator with state-of-the-art laser wakefield accelerators can, simultaneously, produce ultra-bright quasi-monochromatic x-rays with tunable energy ranging 5-250 keV and optimize the free electron laser parameter and gain length compared with a permanent magnet-based undulator. This concept may pave a path toward ultra-compact synchrotron radiation and even x-ray free electron lasers.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712884

RESUMO

To develop a practical food-grade medium and optimal fermentation process for the cost-effective fermentation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus LS-8, both culture medium and conditions were optimized by combining single-factor experimental design, Plackett-Burman design and Box-Behnken design. The medium was simplified to five ingredients (g/L): whey powder (62.5), maltose syrup (50), corn steep liquor (55), NaCl (1) and lysine (0.05), and the optimal culture conditions were initial pH (6.28), constant fermentation pH (4.7), neutralizing agent (NaOH), aeration rate (0.2 v/v/min) and stirrer speed (200 rpm). After culturing in this optimized medium and conditions, the cell density of L. rhamnosus LS-8 was improved to 4.5 × 109 CFU/mL, which was elevated about 9 times higher than that obtained in MRS medium. Moreover, cell growth and substrate consumption kinetic constants were determined by the logistic equation and Luedeking-Piret model, and the R2 values from the model equation were 0.9900 and 0.9971, respectively, indicating that these models were able to simulate the growth and substrate consumption of L. rhamnosus LS-8 accurately. In addition, a high-efficient production process of L. rhamnosus LS-8 was developed by repeated-batch operation, which was verified by five cycles of fermentation with good stability and repeatability. In conclusion, the efficiency of L. rhamnosus LS-8 fermentation was greatly improved as well as the reduction of the cost using the medium and process developed in the present study.

9.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757047

RESUMO

As there are increased levels and activity of butyrylcholiesterase (BChE) in the late stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD), development of selective BChE inhibitors is of vital importance. In this study, a workflow combining computational technologies and biological assays were implemented to identify selective BChE inhibitors with new chemical scaffolds. In particular, a pharmacophore model served as a 3D search query to screen three compound collections containing 3.0 million compounds. Molecular docking and cluster analysis were performed to increase the efficiency and accuracy of virtual screening. Finally, 15 compounds were retained for biological investigation. Results revealed that compounds 8 and 18 could potently and highly selectively inhibit BChE activities (IC50 values < 10 µM on human BChE, selectivity index BChE > 30). These active compounds with novel scaffolds provided us with a good starting point to further design potent and selective BChE inhibitors, which may be beneficial for the treatment of AD.

10.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 207, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mitochondrial function affected intramuscular fat accumulation. However, there is no clear evident on the effect of the regulation of ER stress and mitochondrial function by Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) on the prevention of intramuscular fat metabolism. We investigated the effects of ACE2 on ER stress and mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle lipid metabolism. METHODS: The triglyceride (TG) content in skeletal muscle of ACE2 knockout mice and Ad-ACE2-treated db/db mice were detected by assay kits. Meanwhile, the expression of lipogenic genes (ACCα, SREBP-1c, LXRα, CPT-1α, PGC-1α and PPARα), ER stress and mitochondrial function related genes (GRP78, eIF2α, ATF4, BCL-2, and SDH6) were analyzed by RT-PCR. Lipid metabolism, ER stress and mitochondrial function related genes were analyzed by RT-PCR in ACE2-overexpression C2C12 cell. Moreover, the IKKß/NFκB/IRS-1 pathway was determined using lysate sample from skeletal muscle of ACE2 knockout mice. RESULTS: ACE2 deficiency in vivo is associated with increased lipid accumulation in skeletal muscle. The ACE2 knockout mice displayed an elevated level of ER stress and mitochondrial dysfunctions in skeletal muscle. In contrast, activation of ACE2 can ameliorate ER stress and mitochondrial function, which slightly accompanied by reduced TG content and down-regulated the expression of skeletal muscle lipogenic proteins in the db/db mice. Additionally, ACE2 improved skeletal muscle lipid metabolism and ER stress genes in the C2C12 cells. Mechanistically, endogenous ACE2 improved lipid metabolism through the IKKß/NFκB/IRS-1 pathway in skeletal muscle. CONCLUSIONS: ACE2 was first reported to play a notable role on intramuscular fat regulation by improving endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial function. This study may provide a strategy for treating insulin resistance in skeletal muscle.

11.
Int J Oncol ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746425

RESUMO

Epithelial ovarian cancer is aggressive and lacks effective prognostic indicators or therapeutic targets. In the present study, using immunohistochemistry and bioinformatics analysis on ovarian cancer tissue data from The Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University and The Cancer Genome Atlas database, it was identified that FXYD domain­containing ion transport regulator 5 (FXYD5) expression was upregulated in the SKOV3­IP cell line compared with its parental cell line, SKOV3, and in ovarian cancer tissues compared with in normal tissues. In addition, FXYD5 upregulation was predictive of poor patient survival. Furthermore, through various in vitro (Transwell assay, clonogenic assay and western blot analysis) and in vivo (nude mouse model) experiments, it was demonstrated that FXYD5 promoted the metastasis of ovarian cancer cells. Mechanistically, RNA sequencing, western blot analysis, a luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation were performed to reveal that FXYD5 dispersed the SMAD7­SMAD specific E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2­TGF­ß receptor 1 (TßR1) complex, deubiquitinated and stabilized TßR1, and subsequently enhanced transforming growth factor­ß (TGF­ß) signaling and sustained TGF­ß­driven epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT). The TGF­ß­activated SMAD3/SMAD4 complex was in turn directly recruited to the FXYD5 promoter region, interacted with specific SMAD­binding elements, and then promoted FXYD5 transcription. In brief, FXYD5 positively regulated TGF­ß/SMADs signaling activities, which in turn induced FXYD5 expression, creating a positive feedback loop to drive EMT in the process of ovarian cancer progression. Collectively, the findings of the present study suggested a mechanism through which FXYD5 serves a critical role in the constitutive activation of the TGF­ß/SMADs signaling pathways in ovarian cancer, and provided a promising therapeutic target for human ovarian cancer.

12.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2019: 3585136, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772927

RESUMO

Esophageal candidiasis (EC) is the most common type of infectious esophagitis. In the gastrointestinal tract, the esophagus is the second most susceptible to candida infection, only after the oropharynx. Immunocompromised patients are most at risk, including patients with HIV/AIDS, leukemia, diabetics, and those who are receiving corticosteroids, radiation, and chemotherapy. Another group includes those who used antibiotics frequently and those who have esophageal motility disorder (cardiac achalasia and scleroderma). Patients complained of pain on swallowing, difficulty swallowing, and pain behind the sternum. On physical examination, there is a plaque that often occurs together with oral thrush. Endoscopic examination is the best approach to diagnose this disease by directly observing the white mucosal plaque-like lesions and exudates adherent to the mucosa. These adherent lesions cannot be washed off with water from irrigation. This disease is confirmed histologically by taking the biopsy or brushings of yeast and pseudohyphae invading mucosal cells. The treatment is by systemic antifungal drugs given orally in a defined course. It is important to differentiate esophageal candidiasis from other forms of infectious esophagitis such as cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, gastroesophageal reflux disease, medication-induced esophagitis, radiation-induced esophageal injury, and inflammatory conditions such as eosinophilic esophagitis. Except for a few complications such as necrotizing esophageal candidiasis, fistula, and sepsis, the prognosis of esophageal candidiasis has been good.

13.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7789-7807, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698640

RESUMO

Entity prediction is the task of predicting a missing entity that has a specific relation-ship with another given entity. Researchers usually use knowledge graphs embedding(KGE) methods to embed triples into continuous vectors for computation and perform the tasks of entity prediction. However, KGE models tend to use simple operations to refactor entities and relationships, resulting in insufficient interaction of components of knowledge graphs (KGs), thus limiting the performance of the entity prediction model. In this paper, we propose a new entity prediction model called FRS(Feature Refactoring Scoring) to alleviate the problem of insufficient interaction and solve information incom-pleteness problems in the KGs. Different from the traditional KGE methods of directly using simple operations, the FRS model innovatively provides the procedure of feature processing in the entity prediction tasks, realizing the alignment of entities and relationships in the same feature space and improving the performance of entity prediction model. Although FRS is a simple three-layer network, we find that our own model outperforms state-of-the-art KGC methods in FB15K and WN18. Through extensive experiments on FRS, we discover several insights. For example, the effect of embedding size and negative candidate sampling probability on experimental results is in reverse.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698801

RESUMO

Due to multiple sexual partners and low rates of condom use, the HIV infection rate among MSM (men who have sex with men) is much higher than that of the general population. In order to analyze the characteristics of online activities of MSM, and to understand the evolution of their social networks, in this study we collect a comprehensive dataset, covering the period from January 2005 to June 2018, from the largest Chinese online community, Baidu Tieba. We build an online dating network for MSM-related individuals in the gay-bar community, and analyze the network from static and dynamic aspects. It is found that there is a strong homophily regarding the cities where users reside when developing interactions with others, and that most network measurements tend to be stable at the later stages of evolution, while the size of the largest community fluctuates. This is an indication that the network is formed of rapidly flexible interactions which changes quickly. In comparison with studies on heterosexual networks, we find that the MSM dating network shows differences in many aspects, such as the positive degree-degree correlation and high clustering coefficient, suggesting different thinking and measures should be taken in the policy making of public health management towards the MSM population.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745766

RESUMO

The anoxic and reductive aquatic environment is formed easily in summer due to the global warming, which may accelerate endogenous release. In this experiment, four different dosages of calcium peroxide (CaO2) were adopted to study the control effects of nutrients release from the sediments in the simulated landscape waters. The results demonstrated that CaO2 addition could effectively improve the physicochemical properties and microbial composition in sediments, and an obvious improvement was achieved with a larger dosage. It was observed that the surface sediments of experiment groups were oxidized to form a capping barrier between the sediment and overlying water, which might cut off the pollutant diffusion in sediment. Meanwhile, CaO2 could decrease the nutrients concentration in water obviously, and the reduced effect was positively correlated with the CaO2 dosage. Compared with the nutrients release fluxes in CK (105.89 mg-TN m-2 day-1, 106.48 mg-NH4+-N m-2 day-1, 4.14 mg-TP m-2 day-1, and 4.30 mg-SRP m-2 day-1), the CaO2 dosages of 0.12 and 0.18 kg m-2 could entirely inhibit the nutrients release from sediment, and partially reduce the original pollutants in the overlying water. However, 0.18 kg m-2 CaO2 would cause a higher increase of pH value and NO2--N concentration, and bring potential risk to the aquatic ecosystem. Therefore, 0.12 kg-CaO2 m-2-sediment was selected as the optimal dosage by considering the control effect, economic cost, and potential risk comprehensively. In general, this study provided a quantitative usage method of CaO2, which is convenient and effective to prevent or control the nutrients release from sediment caused by anoxic and reductive condition in summer.

16.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 827, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual-purpose cattle are more adaptive to environmental challenges than single-purpose dairy or beef cattle. Balance among milk, reproductive, and mastitis resistance traits in breeding programs is therefore more critical for dual-purpose cattle to increase net income and maintain well-being. With dual-purpose Xinjiang Brown cattle adapted to the Xinjiang Region in northwestern China, we conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to dissect the genetic architecture related to milk, reproductive, and mastitis resistance traits. Phenotypic data were collected for 2410 individuals measured during 1995-2017. By adding another 445 ancestors, a total of 2855 related individuals were used to derive estimated breeding values for all individuals, including the 2410 individuals with phenotypes. Among phenotyped individuals, we genotyped 403 cows with the Illumina 150 K Bovine BeadChip. RESULTS: GWAS were conducted with the FarmCPU (Fixed and random model circulating probability unification) method. We identified 12 markers significantly associated with six of the 10 traits under the threshold of 5% after a Bonferroni multiple test correction. Seven of these SNPs were in QTL regions previously identified to be associated with related traits. One identified SNP, BovineHD1600006691, was significantly associated with both age at first service and age at first calving. This SNP directly overlapped a QTL previously reported to be associated with calving ease. Within 160 Kb upstream and downstream of each significant SNP identified, we speculated candidate genes based on functionality. Four of the SNPs were located within four candidate genes, including CDH2, which is linked to milk fat percentage, and GABRG2, which is associated with milk protein yield. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are beneficial not only for breeding through marker-assisted selection, but also for genome editing underlying the related traits to enhance the overall performance of dual-purpose cattle.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752099

RESUMO

Chlorophyll a (Chl-a) is an important indicator of algal biomass in aquatic ecosystems. In this study, monthly monitoring data for Chl-a concentration were collected between 2005 and 2015 at four stations in Meiliang Bay, a eutrophic bay in Lake Taihu, China. The spatiotemporal distribution of Chl-a in the bay was investigated, and a statistical model to relate the Chl-a concentration to key driving variables was also developed. The monthly Chl-a concentration in Meiliang Bay changed from 2.6 to 330.0 µg/L, and the monthly mean Chl-a concentration over 11 years was found to be higher at sampling site 1, the northernmost site near Liangxihe River, than at the three other sampling sites. The annual mean Chl-a concentration fluctuated greatly over time and exhibited an upward trend at all sites except sampling site 3 in the middle of Meiliang Bay. The Chl-a concentration was positively correlated with total phosphorus (TP; r = 0.57, p < 0.01), dissolved organic matter (DOM; r = 0.73, p < 0.01), pH (r = 0.44, p < 0.01), and water temperature (WT; r = 0.37, p < 0.01), and negatively correlated with nitrate (NO3--N; r = -0.28, p < 0.01), dissolved oxygen (DO; r = -0.12, p < 0.01), and Secchi depth (ln(SD); r = -0.11, p < 0.05). A multiple linear regression model integrating the interactive effects of TP, DOM, WT, and pH on Chl-a concentrations was established (R = 0.80, F = 230.7, p < 0.01) and was found to adequately simulate the spatiotemporal dynamics of the Chl-a concentrations in other regions of Lake Taihu. This model provides lake managers with an alternative for the control of eutrophication and the suppression of aggregations of phytoplankton biomass at the water surface.

18.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(10): 722-8, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Dazhui" (GV14) and "Ciliao" (BL32) on rats with bladder detrusor hyperreflexia (DH) after supersacral spinal cord transection, as well as the mechanism of EA in improving the urinary function by regulating the expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin and Neurogenin 1(Ngn1). METHODS: A total of 48 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operation group, model control group, EA group, and EA control group, with 12 rats in each group. T10 spinal cord transection (SCT) was performed by surgery. The Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) score was used to evaluate the motor function of SCT rat, and the Crede technique was used to assist urination. After the urine volume became stable, the urodynamic test was used to determine whether a rat model of DH was successfully established. The rats in the EA group were given EA at GV14 and BL32, and those in the EA control group were given EA (10 Hz/50 Hz, 20 min) at the acupuncture points at 1 cm next to GV14 and BL32 at both sides alternatively. EA was performed once a day for one week. Urodynamic parameters were used to evaluate urinary function. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expression of Wnt-1 and ß-catenin in the spinal cord, and immunofluorescence assay was used to measure the expression of Ngn1 in the spinal cord. RESULTS: The BBB score of the model control group significantly decreased compared with that of the sham-operation group(P<0.01), and the EA group was significantly higher than the model control group and the EA control group. Compared with the sham-operation group, the model control group had significant increases in bladder base pressure, maximum pressure, and leak point pressure (P<0.01) and significant reductions in maximum bladder capacity and compliance (P<0.01). Compared with the model control group, the EA group had significant reductions in bladder base pressure, maximum pressure, and leak point pressure (P<0.01) and significant increases in maximum bladder capacity and compliance (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the EA group, the EA control group had significant increases in bladder base pressure, maximum pressure, and leak point pressure (P<0.01) and significant reductions in maximum bladder capacity and compliance (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the model control group had significant increases in the protein expression of Wnt-1 and ß-catenin (P<0.05, P<0.01) and a signi-ficant reduction in the protein expression of Ngn1 in the spinal cord (P<0.01). Compared with the model control group, the EA group had significant increases in the protein expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin and Ngn1 in the spinal cord (P<0.01). Compared with the EA group, the EA control group had significant reductions in the protein expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin, and Ngn1 in the spinal cord (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA at GV14 and BL32 can significantly improve urinary function in rats with bladder DH due to SCT, partially by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and promoting the protein expression of Wnt-1, ß-catenin and Ngn1.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos , Feminino , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reflexo Anormal , Medula Espinal , Bexiga Urinária , Urodinâmica , beta Catenina
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654112

RESUMO

Huangjiu is one of the Chinese unique and traditional liquor. Corn is a kind of high yield crop in China, which has the characteristics of wide distribution, low price and high starch content. Fermenting Huangjiu with corn not only enrich Huangjiu types, but also opens up a new way for the utilization of corn. The flavor compounds and microorganisms in corn wine fermentation were studied in this study. A total of 98 volatile compounds and 8 kinds of organic acids were detected. Bacillus, Weissella, Streptomyces, Aeromonas and Blautia were the dominant bacteria. The correlation analysis between flavor compounds and bacteria showed that there were 557 correlations between major flavor compounds and bacteria. Among them, Lactococcus, Virgibacillus, Sphingobacterium and Sporolactobacillus were dominant genus of flavor producing bacteria. This study may reveal the changing rule of bacteria in Huangjiu, predict the relationship between metabolites and bacteria. In addition, this study expanded the application of corn and increased the variety of Huangjiu.

20.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-17, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625456

RESUMO

Owing to their unique functions in regulating the synapse activity of protein tyrosine phosphatases delta (PTPδ) that has drawn special attention for developing drugs to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). In this study, the PTPδ pharmacophore was first established by the structure-based pharmacophore method. Subsequently, 10 compounds contented Lipinski's rule of five was acquired by the virtual screening of the PTPδ pharmacophore against ZINC and PubChem databases. Then, the 10 identified molecules were discovered that had better binding affinity than a known PTPδ inhibitors compound SCHEMBL16375396. Two compounds SCHEMBL16375408 and ZINC19796658 with high binding score, low toxicity were gained. They were observed by docking analysis and molecular dynamics simulations that the novel potential inhibitors not only possessed the same function as SCHEMBL16375396 did in inhibiting PTPδ, but also had more favorable conformation to bind with the catalytic active regions. This study provides a new method for identify PTPδ inhibitor for the treatment of ASDs disease.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

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