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1.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(7): 3253-3262, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212651

RESUMO

In this study, 23 typical sampling points were selected from the Harbin urban river network during the wet season from June to August in 2019, including the Harbin section of the Songhua, Hejiagou, Majiagou, and Ashi rivers to study the distribution of phytoplankton communities. Characteristics and driving factors influencing the water environment were determined, and a total of 174 taxa of phytoplankton were identified. During the wet period from June to August, the composition of the phytoplankton community in the urban river network of Harbin was dominated by Diatom and Chlorophyta, which gradually shifted toward Diatom and Cyanophyta. The dominant species mainly include:Cyclotella meneghiniana Kützing, Nitzschia palea (Kützing) W.Smith, Synedra ulna (Nitzsch) Ehrenberg, Ankistrodesmus angustus Bernard, Pseudanabaena limnetica (Lemmermann) Komárek, and Cryptomonas ovata Ehrenberg. One-way crossed similarity analysis (One-way crossed ANOSIM) revealed significant differences in phytoplankton composition among different sections of the river during the study period (P<0.05). The Harbin section of the Songhua River was richer in phytoplankton than other sections. Redundancy analysis (RDA) shows that TP and pH are the main environmental factors that cause differences in the structure of the phytoplankton community in each section of the Harbin urban river network. This research aims to enrich the research on the ecological evaluation of urban river network by studying the phytoplankton community and environmental relevance of Harbin urban river network and provide a theoretical basis for future urban river network ecological monitoring, management, and restoration.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Rios , China , Cianobactérias , Monitoramento Ambiental , Fitoplâncton , Estações do Ano
2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(8): 243, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231032

RESUMO

The design and development of a 3D hierarchical CdS/NiO heterojunction and its application in a self-powered cathodic photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis is introduced. Specifically, NiO nanoflakes (NFs) were in situ formed on carbon fibers via a facile liquid-phase deposition method followed by an annealing step and subsequent integration with CdS quantum dots (QDs). The glucose oxidase (GOx) was then coated on the photocathode to allow the determination of glucose. Under 5 W 410 nm LED light and at a working voltage of 0.0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), this method can assay glucose concentrations down to 1.77×10-9 M. The linear range was 5×10-7 M to 1×10-3 M, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was below 5%. The photocathodic biosensor achieved target detection with high sensitivity and selectivity. This work is expected to stimulate more passion in the development of innovative hierarchical heterostructures for advanced self-powered photocathodic bioanalysis. Design of 3D hierarchical CdS/NiO heterojunction and its application in a self-powered cathodic photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4286, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257305

RESUMO

Kinship networks are a fundamental social unit in human societies, and like social networks in general, provide social support in times of need. Here, we investigate the impact of sudden environmental shock, the Ms 7.0 2013 Ya'an earthquake, on the mobile communications patterns of local families, which we operationalize using anonymized individual-level mobile telecommunications metadata from family plan subscribers of a major carrier (N = 35,565 people). We demonstrate that families' communications dynamics after the earthquake depended on their triadic embeddedness structure, a structural metric we propose that reflects the number of dyads in a family triad that share social ties. We find that individuals in more embedded family structures were more likely to first call other family plan members and slower in calling non-family ties immediately after the earthquake; these tendencies were stronger at higher earthquake intensity. In the weeks after the event, individuals in more embedded family structures had more reciprocal communications and contacted more social ties in their broader social network. Overall, families that are structurally more embedded displayed higher levels of intra-family coordination and mobilization of non-family social connections.

4.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253595

RESUMO

Dual bromodomain BET inhibitors (DbBi) that bind with similar affinities to the first and second bromodomains across BRD2, BRD3, BRD4 and BRDT have displayed modest activity as monotherapy in clinical trials. Thrombocytopenia, closely followed by symptoms characteristic of GI toxicity, have presented as dose-limiting adverse events that may have prevented escalation to higher dose levels required for more robust efficacy. ABBV-744 is a highly selective inhibitor for the second bromodomain (BD2) of the four BET family proteins. In contrast to the broad antiproliferative activities observed with DbBi, ABBV-744 displayed significant antiproliferative activities largely although not exclusively in cancer cell lines derived from AML and androgen receptor (AR) positive prostate cancer. Studies in AML xenograft models demonstrated anti-tumor efficacy for ABBV-744 that was comparable to the pan-BET inhibitor ABBV-075 but with an improved therapeutic index. Enhanced anti-tumor efficacy was also observed with the combination of ABBV-744 and the BCL-2 inhibitor, venetoclax compared to monotherapies of either agent alone. These results collectively support the clinical evaluation of ABBV-744 in AML (Clinical Trials.gov identifier: NCT03360006).

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26489, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232180

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To analyze the correlation between quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) parameters and angiogenesis in primary small hepatocellular carcinoma (sHCC) with varying degrees of differentiation.According to varying degrees of differentiation, a total of 90 primary sHCC patients admitted to our hospital from July 2018 to January 2020 were selected and divided into poorly differentiated group (24 cases), moderately differentiated group (31 cases), and highly differentiated group (35 cases). All patients received real-time CEUS before surgery. The tumor diameter, microvascular morphology, grading of color blood flow, contrast-enhanced performance in different phases, quantitative CEUS parameters, expression of angiogenesis-related genes, and microvessel density (MVD) were compared among the 3 groups. The correlation between quantitative parameters of CEUS and angiogenesis indexes was analyzed by Spearman rank correlation analysis.Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) expression and MVD were negatively correlated with the time to peak (TTP), wash-out time, and peak accelerating time (PAT) (r < 0, P < .05), and were positively correlated with enhancing slope rate (ESR) and peak intensity increasing rate (PIIR) (r > 0, P < .05).CEUS is able to identify varying degrees of differentiation in primary sHCC, and the quantitative CEUS parameters are closely related to angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Gradação de Tumores , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/irrigação sanguínea , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Hepatology ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242426

RESUMO

The research by Liao et al.(1) showed that postdiagnosis aspirin use improved the mortality of various subtypes of biliary tract cancer (BTC). The results were impressive, with the adjusted hazard ratios of mortality ranging from 0.51 to 0.58, and all subgroup analyses were statistically significant. However, we think that some other aspects should be discussed.

7.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204150

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to develop mixed polymeric micelles with high drug loading capacity to improve the oral bioavailability of icaritin with Soluplus® and Poloxamer 407 using a creative acid-base shift (ABS) method, which exhibits the advantages of exclusion of organic solvents, high drug loading and ease of scaling-up. The feasibility of the ABS method was successfully demonstrated by studies of icaritin-loaded polymeric micelles (IPMs). The prepared IPMs were characterized to have a spherical shape with a size of 72.74 ± 0.51 nm, and 13.18% drug loading content. In vitro release tests confirmed the faster release of icaritin from IPMs compared to an oil suspension. Furthermore, bioavailability of icaritin in IPMs in beagle dogs displayed a 14.9-fold increase when compared with the oil suspension. Transcellular transport studies of IPMs across Caco-2 cell monolayers confirmed that the IPMs were endocytosed in their intact forms through macropinocytosis, clathrin-, and caveolae-mediated pathways. In conclusion, the results suggested that the mixed micelles of Soluplus® and Poloxamer 407 could be a feasible drug delivery system to enhance oral bioavailability of icaritin, and the ABS method might be a promising technology for the preparation of polymeric micelles to encapsulate poorly water-soluble weakly acidic and alkaline drugs.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 673248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211467

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a high risk of recurrence after surgical resection, particularly among patients with multifocal HCC. Genomic heterogeneity contributes to the early recurrence. Few studies focus on targeted next-generation sequencing (tNGS) to depict mutational footprints of heterogeneous multifocal HCC. Methods: We conducted tNGS with an ultra-deep depth on 31 spatially distinct regions from 11 resected multifocal HCC samples. Matched preoperative peripheral circulating-free DNA (cfDNA) were simultaneously collected. Genomic alterations were identified and compared to depict the heterogeneity of multifocal HCC. Results: Widespread intertumoral heterogeneity of driver mutations was observed in different subfoci of multifocal HCC. The identified somatic mutations were defined as truncal drivers or branchy drivers according to the phylogenetic reconstruction. TP53 and TERT were the most commonly altered truncal drivers in multifocal HCC, while the most frequently mutated branchy driver was TSC2. HCC patients with a higher level of intertumoral heterogeneity, defined by the ratio of truncal drivers less than 50%, had a shorter RFS after surgical resection (HR=0.17, p=0.028). Genome profiling of cfDNA could effectively capture tumor-derived driver mutations, suggesting cfDNA was a non-invasive strategy to gain insights of genomic alterations in patients with resected multifocal HCC. Conclusions: Truncal mutations and the level of genomic heterogeneity could be identified by tNGS panel in patients with resected multifocal HCC. cfDNA could serve as a non-invasive and real-time auxiliary method to decipher the intertumoral heterogeneity and identify oncodrivers of multifocal HCC.

9.
Daru ; 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several species of Verbenaceae have been widely used in medicine, and some species of Verbenaceae have been observed good insecticidal activity, such as Lantana camara and Vitex negundo. There is no report about repellent activity of Clerodendrum bungei Steud. (C. bungei) against stored product insects. The chemical composition of C. bungei essential oil (EO) were identified, repellent activity of methanol extract, EO of C. bungei and two main components of EO against T. castaneum, L. serricorne and L. bostrychophila were evaluated for the first time. RESULTS: EO of C. bungei was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and GC. A total of 25 components of the C. bungei EO were identified. The principal compounds in the EO were myristicin (75.0%), 2,2,7,7-Tetramethyltricyclo[6.2.1.0(1,6)]undec-4-en-3-one (4.1%) and linalool (3.4%). Results of bioassays indicated that C. bungei EO exerted strong repellent activity against three target insects. As main constituents, myristicin and linalool also had certain repellency. CONCLUSION: This work suggests that the EO of C. bungei has promising potential to develop into botanical repellents for the control of pest damage in warehouses and grain stores.

10.
Virus Res ; 302: 198467, 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062193

RESUMO

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the major pathogen that leads to severe mortalities in cultured shrimp worldwide. The envelope proteins VP28 and VP24 of WSSV are considered potential vaccine candidate antigens. In this study, we utilized a Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) surface display system to demonstrate the feasibility of this platform for developing a vaccine candidate against WSSV. EBY100/pYD1-VP28-VP24 was generated, and the fusion protein VP28-VP24 was present on the surface of S. cerevisiae. Penaeus vannamei (P. vannamei) was used as an animal model. Oral administration of EBY100/pYD1-VP28-VP24 could induce significant activities of immune-related enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and phenoloxidase (PO). Importantly, WSSV challenge indicated that oral administration of EBY100/pYD1-VP28-VP24 could confer 100% protection with a corresponding decrease in the viral load. The collective results strongly highlight the potential of a S. cerevisiae-based oral vaccine as an efficient control strategy for combating WSSV infection in shrimp aquaculture.

11.
Gastroenterology ; 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AIMS: Barrett's epithelium measurement using widely accepted Prague C&M classification is highly operator dependent. We propose a novel methodology for measuring this risk score automatically. The method also enables quantification of the area of Barrett's epithelium (BEA) and islands which was not possible before. Furthermore, it allows 3D reconstruction of the esophageal surface enabling interactive 3D visualization. We aim to assess the accuracy of the proposed AI system both on phantom and endoscopic patient data. METHODS: Utilizing advanced deep learning, a depth estimator network is used to predict endoscope camera distance from the gastric folds. By segmenting BEA and gastro-esophageal junction and projecting them to the estimated mm distances, we measure C&M scores including the BEA. The derived endoscopy AI system is tested on a purpose-built 3D printed esophagus phantom with varying BEA and on 194 high-definition videos from 131 patients with C&M values scored by expert endoscopists. RESULTS: Endoscopic phantom video data demonstrated a 97.2 % accuracy with a marginal ± 0.9 mm average deviation for C&M and island measurements, while for BEA we achieved 98.4 % accuracy with only ± 0.4 cm2 average deviation compared to ground-truth. On patient data, the C&M measurements provided by our system concord with expert scores with marginal overall relative error (mean difference) of 8 % (3.6 mm) and 7 % (2.8 mm) for C and M scores, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed methodology automatically extracts Prague C&M scores with high accuracy. Quantification and 3D-reconstruction of the entire Barrett's area provides new opportunities for risk stratification and assessment of therapy response.

12.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse the clinical features of anti-isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (OJ) antibodies in Chinese patients and to compare with previously published cohorts. We reviewed the clinical data of anti-OJ antibody positive patients, including their long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Anti-OJ antibodies were present in 10 of 1269 (0.8%) patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), and 10/320 (3.1%) patients with anti-synthetase syndrome (ASS). Of the anti-OJ antibody-positive patients, 90% had interstitial lung disease (ILD), of whom three (30%) developed rapidly progressive ILD (RP-ILD). Half (50%) of the patients were febrile and developed myocardial involvement; 40% of patients experienced myositis, mechanic's hands and arthritis. Compared to the anti-Jo-1 group, the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in the anti-OJ antibody-positive group were higher (p<0.05). From a review of the literature regarding the clinical features of anti-OJ, fever was more common in the eastern cohort (41.7% vs. 8.3%, p=0.002), whereas patients in western countries were more likely to develop arthritis (20.9% vs. 58.1%, p=0.001). With complete follow-up of the present cohort, 80% improved with treatment, including one patient who underwent lung transplant. CONCLUSIONS: The anti-OJ antibody occurred infrequently in Chinese patients, ILD was the major clinical feature, but myocardial injury was also a prominent associated complication. Anti-OJ positive patients were responsive to treatment.

13.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(4): 741-748, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMAs) can be detected in some idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) patients. We aimed to investigate the clinical features of IIM patients with AMAs. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 1,167 consecutive patients with IIM for AMA-associated myositis and compared them to age- and gender-matched AMA-negative IIM patients. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (2.5%) were identified with AMA-positive myositis; eight of them had primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). There were no significant differences in skin rash, dysphagia, interstitial lung disease, and muscle strength between AMA-positive patients and AMA-negative patients. Of 23 cases, 12 (52.2%) showed immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM)-like pathological features. amongst AMA-positive patients, 11 of 16 patients with isolated anti-AMAs were classified as IMNM which was significantly higher than that of patients with coexistent anti-AMAs and myositis-specific antibodies (p = 0.026). Moreover, subclinical cardiac involvement was significantly more common in AMA-positive patients than in AMA-negative patients (21/29 VS 33/116, p<0.001). In addition, patients without PBC had a significantly higher incidence of abnormal echocardiography findings than that of patients with PBC (p = 0.009). Patients without heart abnormalities took significantly less time to achieve disease remission and prednisone tapering to <10 mg than patients with heart abnormalities (p = 0.000 and p = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: IMNM was a major histopathological finding in IIM patients with isolated AMAs. AMAs were significantly associated with subclinical cardiac involvement in IIM. PBC seemed to be a protective factor for abnormal echocardiography findings in AMA-positive patients. Patients without heart involvement took less time to achieve disease remission and prednisone tapering off.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 793: 148503, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174601

RESUMO

A high-performance thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membrane containing graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets was constructed using a support-free interfacial polymerization (SFIP) technique. In this study, an ultrathin composited polyamide (PA) nanofilm was synthesized at the free piperazine (PIP)-GO suspension/trimesoyl chloride (TMC) interface, followed by transfer onto a polysulfone (PSf) UF substrate. The impact of GO loading (0, 0.1, 0.5, or 1 mg/mL) on the physiochemical properties, surface morphology, and hydrophilicity of the composited PA layer and membrane separation performance was investigated. It was found that the GO-modified TFN membranes showed ultra-high hydrophilicity due to the increase in the number of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups in the PA layer. We propose that GO nanosheets play a key role in improving membrane permeability because a strong hydration layer is formed between the water molecules and GO (embedded in the PA layer), acting as a protective film and minimizing the chance of foulants contacting the membrane surface. Compared with TFC, TFN-GO-0.5 simultaneously exhibited a higher water permeability of up to 12.8 L·m-2·h-1·bar-1 (58.1% higher than the TFC membrane) and a higher Na2SO4 rejection of approximately 98.4%. Moreover, the introduction of GO nanosheets into TFN membrane resulted in an improved antifouling performance. This facile SFIP method reveals the potential of GO nanosheets for the development of high performance TFN membranes.

15.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185157

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Gut microbiota has been reported to contribute to either prevent or promote colorectal cancer (CRC), and treatment with probiotics might be a promising intervention method. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential anti-CRC effects of Lactobacillus coryniformis MXJ32 on a colitis-associated (CA)-CRC mouse model. METHODS: The CA-CRC mouse model was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg azoxymethane and followed by three 7-day cycles of 2% dextran sulfate sodium in drinking water with a 14-day recovery period. Mice were supplemented with L. coryniformis MXJ32 by oral gavage (1 × 109 CFU/day/mouse). The CA-CRC attenuating effects of this probiotic were assessed via intestinal barrier integrity, inflammation, and gut microenvironment. RESULTS: Treatment with L. coryniformis MXJ32 could significantly inhibit the total number of tumors and the average tumor diameter. This probiotic administration prevented the damage of intestinal barrier function by enhancing the expression of tight junction proteins (Occludin, Claudin-1, and ZO-1) and recovering the loss of goblet cells. Moreover, L. coryniformis MXJ32 alleviated intestinal inflammation via down-regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-γ, and IL-17a) and chemokines (Cxcl1, Cxcl2, Cxcl3, Cxcl5, and Ccl7). In addition, L. coryniformis MXJ32 supplementation increased the abundance of some beneficial bacteria (such as SCFAs-producing bacteria, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Akkermansia, and Faecalibaculum) and decreased the abundance of some harmful bacteria (such as pro-inflammatory bacteria, Desulfovibrio and Helicobacter), which in turn attenuated the overexpression of inflammation. CONCLUSION: Lactobacillus coryniformis MXJ32 could effectively ameliorate CA-CRC via regulating intestinal microenvironment, alleviating inflammation, and intestinal barrier damage, which further suggested that L. coryniformis MXJ32 could be considered as a functional food ingredient for the alleviation of CA-CRC.

17.
Microb Cell Fact ; 20(1): 95, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1216899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) highlights the need to develop safe and effective vaccines with a top priority. Multiple vaccine candidates are under development, and several vaccines are currently available. Efforts need to be undertaken to counter the threat of the global COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: We generated a Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae)-based SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, EBY100/pYD1-RBD, in which the full-length receptor binding domain (RBD) of the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 was expressed on the surface of yeast. Mice vaccinated orally with unadjuvanted EBY100/pYD1-RBD could produce significant humoral and mucosal responses as well as robust cellular immune responses. Notably, EBY100/pYD1-RBD elicited a mixed Th1/Th2-type cellular immune response with a Th1-biased immune response in a mouse model. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the importance of the RBD as a key target to design and develop vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 and provide evidence of oral administration of a S. cerevisiae-based SARS-CoV-2 vaccine eliciting significant immune responses. Most importantly, the S. cerevisiae surface display system can serve as a universal technology platform and be applied to develop other oral viral or bacterial vaccines.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Imunidade Celular , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Imunidade Humoral , Imunidade nas Mucosas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
18.
Cancer Med ; 10(13): 4493-4509, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is a tumour of malignant origin in children and adolescents. Recent progression indicates that it is necessary to develop new therapies to improve the patient's prognosis rather than strengthen anti-tumour chemotherapy. Researchers recently realised that cancer is a kind of disease with a metabolic disorder, and metabolic reprogramming is becoming a new cancer hallmark. Hence, our study's primary purpose is to explore the value of genes related to osteosarcoma metabolism. METHODS: From public databases, three osteosarcoma datasets with adequate clinical information were obtained. Besides, the IMvigor dataset through the 'IMvigor' package as a supplement was downloaded, the metabolic-related genes were identified, and these genes were used to construct the metabolic-related gene pairs (MRGP). Based on the prognosis-related MRGP, two molecular subtypes were identified. There are significant differences in the metabolic characteristics between the two molecular subtypes. Subsequently, the MRGP signature is constructed using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression method. Finally, use SubMap analysis to evaluate the response of patients in the MRPG signature group to immunotherapy. RESULTS: The MRGP signature can reliably predict overall survival in patients with osteosarcoma. The MRGP signature is also associated with osteosarcoma patients' metastatic status and can be used for subsequent risk classification of metastatic patients. The immunotherapy is more likely to benefit the patients in the MRGP low-risk group. CONCLUSION: Metabolic-related gene pairs signature can assess the prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma.

19.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 112, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that disease-associated microglia (DAM), a recently discovered subset of microglia, plays a protective role in neurological diseases. Targeting DAM phenotypic transformation may provide new therapeutic options. However, the relationship between DAM and epilepsy remains unknown. METHODS: Analysis of public RNA-sequencing data revealed predisposing factors (such as dipeptidyl peptidase IV; DPP4) for epilepsy related to DAM conversion. Anti-epileptic effect was assessed by electroencephalogram recordings and immunohistochemistry in a kainic acid (KA)-induced mouse model of epilepsy. The phenotype, morphology and function of microglia were assessed by qPCR, western blotting and microscopic imaging. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that DPP4 participated in DAM conversion and epilepsy. The treatment of sitagliptin (a DPP4 inhibitor) attenuated KA-induced epilepsy and promoted the expression of DAM markers (Itgax and Axl) in both mouse epilepsy model in vivo and microglial inflammatory model in vitro. With sitagliptin treatment, microglial cells did not display an inflammatory activation state (enlarged cell bodies). Furthermore, these microglia exhibited complicated intersections, longer processes and wider coverage of parenchyma. In addition, sitagliptin reduced the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and inhibited the expression of iNOS, IL-1ß, IL-6 and the proinflammatory DAM subset gene CD44. CONCLUSION: The present results highlight that the DPP4 inhibitor sitagliptin can attenuate epilepsy and promote DAM phenotypic transformation. These DAM exhibit unique morphological features, greater migration ability and better surveillance capability. The possible underlying mechanism is that sitagliptin can reduce the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and suppress the inflammatory response mediated by microglia. Thus, we propose DPP4 may act as an attractive direction for DAM research and a potential therapeutic target for epilepsy.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2149-2157, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047115

RESUMO

Molecular pharmacognosy is a science of classification and identification, cultivation and protection, and production of active ingredients of graduated drugs at the molecular level. The proposal of molecular pharmacognosy allows the research of crude drugs to advance from the microscopic level to the genetic level. Pueraria lobata root, as a medicinal and edible plant, has high application value and economic value. There are many varieties that are easy to cause confusion, and it is not easy to distinguish and identify according to traditional identification methods. Moreover, the research of P. lobate root at the genetic level is still relatively shallow. the study received extensive attention of scholars. This article reviews recent research on molecular identification of P. lobate, transcriptome sequencing, cloning and synthesis of functional genes of P. lobate root in recent years in order to provide references for further promoting the development and utilization of P. lobate root and its active ingredients.


Assuntos
Pueraria , Farmacognosia , Raízes de Plantas/genética
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