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1.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 11(2): 100364, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38293603

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to systematically integrate the experience of symptoms of breast cancer patients receiving endocrine therapy, analyze the patients' understanding and coping status of symptoms, and provide information for the development of targeted symptom management measures. Methods: We searched databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, MEDLINE (Ovid), Web of Science, EMBASE (Ovid), CINAHL (EBSCO), and ProQuest from inception to September 25, 2023. Literature was screened and analyzed using Endnote software, evaluated using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Tool for Qualitative Research, and the results were integrated using JBI's Pooled Integration Methodology. Results: Three composite findings were derived from 10 studies: symptom distress during endocrine therapy; coping in symptom experience; and support needs. Conclusions: Emphasis should be placed on the symptomatic experience of breast cancer patients undergoing endocrine therapy, and effective interventions should be developed to improve patients' medication compliance and quality of life. Finally, the long-term survival rate of patients is improved. Systematic review registration: CRD42023466073.

2.
J Inflamm Res ; 16: 2855-2863, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37489147

RESUMO

Background: There are many difficulties and uncertainties in the early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine whether albumin (ALB) is useful for the early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis using ALB, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) together. Methods: ALB, CRP, PCT and white blood cell (WBC) data from 732 patients with neonatal sepsis and 1317 neonatal infection patients hospitalized in Foshan Maternal and Child Health Hospital from 2011 to 2022 were collected. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the diagnostic value of ALB, CRP, PCT and the WBC count for neonatal sepsis. The roles of ALB, CRP, PCT and the WBC count in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis were analysed by using subject working characteristics (ROC) and areas under the curve (AUCs), and the variables were combined to determine which combination had the best diagnostic efficacy. Results: In the sepsis group, the ALB, CRP, and PCT levels and the WBC count were significantly higher than those in the infection group (P<0.001). In all infants, the sensitivities and specificities of ALB, CRP, PCT, and WBC count were 0.411, 0.596, 0.483 and 0.411, respectively, and 0.833, 0.846, 0.901 and 0.796, respectively. With a sensitivity of 0.646, a specificity of 0.929, and an AUC of 0.834, the best combination was that of ALB, CRP, and PCT, which was better than that of CRP + PCT, CRP + ALB and PCT + ALB. Conclusion: In neonatal sepsis, in the absence of blood culture results, the combination of ALB, CRP, and PCT is more reliable than CRP, PCT, or CRP+PCT alone. These results suggest that ALB is a useful inflammatory biomarker for the early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, and can improve the diagnostic efficiency.

3.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 62: 102273, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709716

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Novice nurses find it challenging to cope with patient dying and death, especially in a death taboo cultural context, such as mainland China. By taking the example of Chinese novice oncology nurses, this study aimed to explore the contribution of their perceived death competence in determining their professional quality of life. METHOD: A multicentre, cross-sectional study was conducted in six tertiary cancer hospitals in mainland China involving 506 novice oncology nurses. Measurements were the Coping with Death Scale-Chinese version, the Professional Quality of Life Questionnaire, and the Coping Style Questionnaire. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: Death competence was significantly associated with compassion satisfaction (r = 0.509, P < 0.001), burnout (r = -0.441, P < 0.001) and secondary traumatic stress (r = -0.154, P < 0.001) which are the three dimensions of professional quality of life. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated that death competence positively predicted compassion satisfaction and negatively predicted burnout (P < 0.01), but had no significant impact on secondary traumatic stress after coping style was entered into the model (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Novice oncology nurses who perceive themselves to be incompetent in dealing with patient dying and death are more likely to experience poor professional quality of life in the death taboo cultural context. Cultural-sensitive interventions and a supportive work environment are important to enhance these nurses' death competence, increasing their professional quality of life and ultimately contributing to better end-of-life cancer care management.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Neoplasias , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Adaptação Psicológica , Empatia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação no Emprego
4.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 9(10): 100114, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105794

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to construct evidence-based anticancer drug clinical trial nursing management norms to ensure the safety and quality of clinical trial nursing. Methods: This before-after study was carried out to complete the evidence implementation in a cancer hospital in Shanghai, China. Seven review indicators were developed and reviewed in one phase I clinical trial center and two oncology wards. The corresponding evidence-based intervention program was formulated, and the completion rate of good clinical practice certification, protocol training, delegation of duties, qualification rate of administration, sampling and document recording in anticancer drug clinical trials before and after implementation were compared. Results: After implementation, the completion rate of protocol training, delegation of duties, and the qualification rate of document recording were significantly higher than those of the baseline review, whereas the completion rate of good clinical practice certification and the qualification rate of sampling did not significantly differ from those observed at the baseline review. There was no administration or infusion device-related protocol deviation during the baseline and post reviews. Conclusions: Anticancer drug clinical trial nursing management norms and relevant standard operating procedures were constructed. The results showed that the implementation of this intervention improved the standardization of nurse qualification procedures and the nursing original document recording in anticancer drug clinical trials, and nursing-related protocol deviation could be reduced to a certain extent.

5.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 6820281, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118948

RESUMO

This work aims to explore the risk factors of lung metastasis (LM) in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) (LM-DTC) and the effect of treatment and to detect the relationship between LM-DTC and the levels of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) and micro ribonucleic acid (RNA)-142 (miR-142) in peripheral blood. The data of 420 patients with DTC who are admitted from March 2020 to December 2021 are collected and divided into a non-metastasis group (non-LM group) of 400 cases and metastasis group (LM group) of 20 cases according whether the mung metastasis is found. In addition, risk factors of LM-DTC are analysed and compared. The results of multivariate logistic analysis show that age, disease course, and imaging timing are independent influencing factors of the radionuclide treatment effect. Follicular carcinoma, abnormal expressions of MMP-13, and miR-142 can increase the risk of LM-DTC. MMP-13 and miR-142 can be undertaken as auxiliary diagnostic biological indicators.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Folicular , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/patologia , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz , Fatores de Risco
6.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 9(9): 100080, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060834

RESUMO

Objective: To translate Female Self-Advocacy in Cancer Survivorship (FSACS) scale and evaluate the psychometric properties of Chinese version of FSACS scale among female cancer survivors in China. Methods: This study employed a cross-sectional design. FSACS scale was forward-backward translated and cognitive interviews were conducted for cultural adaptation. The newly translated tool was distributed to female cancer survivors to test psychometric properties, including item analysis, content validity, construct validity, criterion validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability. Results: A total of 436 female cancer survivors were recruited in a Chinese tertiary cancer center from May to August in 2021. Item analysis showed statistical significance (P < 0.05) for each one and no ceiling or floor effect. The item-level content validity index ranged from 0.86 to 1.00 and the scale-level content validity index was 0.98. Three factors were extracted based on parallel analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis proved a good model fit with the original 3-factor structure. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed acceptable criterion validity. The Cronbach's α of 0.880 demonstrated the scale's internal consistency reliability, and the Alpha coefficients were 0.826, 0.763, and 0.859 for its three dimensions, respectively. The interclass correlation coefficients for test-retest reliability was 0.904 (0.870-0.891, P < 0.01) which confirmed the external reliability of the scale. Conclusions: The Chinese version of FSACS scale proved to be a valid and reliable instrument that can be applied among Chinese female cancer survivors. Further research could be conducted in larger populations or people in different cancer stages.

7.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 9(2): 187-195, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509700

RESUMO

Objective: To standardize the distress management of gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, the adapted Cancer-related Distress Management Guidelines were implemented in nursing practice among gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy based on A Guideline Adaptation and Implementation Planning Resource (CAN-IMPLEMENT). Methods: Based on the theoretical framework of CAN-IMPLEMENT, A multidisciplinary team was established, barriers and facilitators obstacles of guidelines implementation in medical oncology units were assessed, corresponding solutions were formulated, the guidelines implementation process was monitored, and implementation results were evaluated. Results: The multidisciplinary team developed review criteria, standardized work paths, assessment tools, training manuals for healthcare professionals, education manuals for patients and their caregivers. After guidelines implementation, the completion rate of the distress management record came up to 97.9% (189/193). From September 2017 to December 2018, the compliance of medical staff on most items in the audit checklist was improved, ranging from 57.1% (100/175) to 100.0% (193/193). The positive distress rate of gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy was decreased from 22.7% (32/141) to 9.3% (18/193) (P < 0.05), and the Median (range) of the distress score declined from 2 (0-9) to 0 (0-7) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The implementation of guidelines based on CAN-IMPLEMENT promotes the establishment of a distress management system in the medical oncology units. The review standards, standardized work paths, and evaluation tools for distress in cancer patients formulated by the multidisciplinary team had clinical applicability and effectiveness. Quality control in the practice of distress management was effective. The compliance of healthcare professionals with distress management was improved. The distress of gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy was alleviated effectively.

8.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 9(1): 56-62, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35079605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to adapt relevant clinical practice guidelines for distress management in cancer patients based on A Guideline Adaptation and Implementation Planning Resource (CAN-IMPLEMENT), and develop Cancer-related Distress Management Guidelines in the context of the research site. METHODS: According to CAN-IMPLEMENT, the symptoms of cancer patients in Shanghai were investigated, and a work plan was formulated to adapt cancer-related distress management guidelines. The relevant clinical practice guidelines for distress management in cancer patients were searched, screened and assessed, the contents of the included clinical practice guidelines were screened, extracted and integrated, and the Cancer-related Distress Management Guidelines was developed. After peer review, the Cancer-related Distress Management Guidelines was finally formed. RESULTS: The physical symptom distress score was higher than the psychological symptom distress score among cancer patients in Shanghai. Two clinical practice guidelines related to distress management in cancer patients were included after searching, screening, assessment and selection systematically. The domain scores of the draft Cancer-related Distress Management Guidelines on Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) were 73.75%-87.50%, respectively. The scores of most recommendations on feasibility, appropriateness, meaningfulness and effectiveness were at least 90%. The final guidelines included 13 recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of the draft Cancer-related Distress Management Guidelines based on two included guidelines was well-accepted. The final Cancer-related Distress Management Guidelines needs to be further verified in clinical practice for feasibility, suitability and effectiveness.

9.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 63(2): 230-243, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537311

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Although gastric cancer is one of the most common tumors worldwide, there is little knowledge about symptom clusters and quality of life (QoL) in this population. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to identify the symptom clusters in gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, and explore their effects on QoL. METHODS: Gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy were recruited. Data were collected using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale Short Form, the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Gastric and the self-designed General Information Evaluation Form. The symptom clusters were extracted through the exploratory factor analysis. The influencing factors of symptom clusters and their effects on QoL were identified using multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 322 participants were enrolled from three medical centers. Five factors were identified in this exploratory factor analysis based on symptom prevalence, namely fatigue related symptom cluster, epithelial symptom cluster, neurologic symptom cluster, malnutrition related symptom cluster and psychological symptom cluster (χ2 = 31.470, P < 0.05). The affecting factors across symptom clusters and QoL subscales were relatively stable, but also different. Generally, fatigue related symptom cluster, malnutrition related symptom cluster and psychological symptom cluster demonstrated significantly negative effects on all aspects of QoL except social well being. CONCLUSION: Five symptom clusters were identified in gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy in mainland China. The symptom clusters negatively contributed to the variance in all aspects of QoL except social well being. Further studies should examine interventions for symptom clusters, their influencing factors, and their effects on improving QoL.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Gástricas , Análise por Conglomerados , Análise Fatorial , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome
10.
J Vasc Access ; 23(3): 365-374, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and totally implanted vascular access ports (PORTs) have been widely used for medium- to long-term chemotherapy. PICCs are associated with lower insertion cost, but higher complication rates than PORTs. However, there is a paucity of cost-effectiveness comparisons between the devices. We aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of PICCs and PORTs for medium- to long-term chemotherapy from catheter insertion to removal. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted based on propensity score matching (PSM) from the hospital perspective. Data were collected from a retrospective cohort study. The total cost outcome comprised insertion, maintenance, removal and complication costs. The effectiveness outcome was the complication-free rate. The primary and supplemental outcomes were cost-effectiveness ratios (CERs) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). RESULTS: A total of 1050 patients (after PSM for 417 patients) were included. The average total cost for 3-6 month ($603.55 ± 78.68 vs $1270.21 ± 128.84), 6-9 month ($731.40 ± 42.97 vs $1414.48 ± 155.43), and 9-12 month ($966.83 ± 53.78 vs $1587.76 ± 160.56) dwell times were all significantly lower for PICCs than for PORTs (p < 0.001). PICCs were associated with significantly lower complication-free rates than PORTs during the 3-6 month (65.22% vs 90.58%, p < 0.001), 6-9 month (53.33% vs 91.80%, p < 0.001), and 9-12 month (44.44% vs 88.46%, p = 0.015) dwell times. Ultimately, PICCs were associated with lower CERs than PORTs for the 3-6 month (928.54 vs 1395.84) and 6-9 month (1380.00 vs 1537.48) but higher CER for the 9-12 month (2197.34 vs 1804.27) dwell times. ICERs were 2564.08 and 1751.49 with dwell times of 3-6 months and 6-9 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study provided economic evidence that informs vascular access device choice for medium- to long-term chemotherapy. For 3-9 month dwell times, PICCs were more cost-effective than PORTs. Furthermore, ICERs were applied and the choice was determined by willingness-to-pay. For 9-12 month dwell times, PORTs might be more cost-effective than PICCs, and studies with larger sample size would be needed to verify this finding in the future.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Cateterismo Periférico , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular/efeitos adversos
11.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 8(6): 639-652, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of an information support program on the self-efficacy (SE) of prostate cancer (PCa) patients receiving hormonal therapy (HT). METHODS: Based on the information support program constructed in a previous study, a randomized controlled trial was conducted in a cancer hospital in Shanghai, China. One hundred subjects were randomly divided into two groups. The control group was provided routine care and communication, and the experimental group participated in an informational support program. Three months later, the following outcomes were compared between the two groups: information acquisition, disease knowledge mastery, SE, healthy behavior adherence, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. t-test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used to compare the differences between the two groups, and intention-to-treat analysis was used to increase the reliability of the results. RESULTS: After the intervention, information acquisition, disease knowledge mastery, and the SE and healthy behavior adherence of the experimental group were significantly increased compared with the control group, whereas the HRQoL and PSA did not significantly differ from that observed in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that information support programs improve information acquisition, disease knowledge mastery, SE, and healthy behavior adherence among PCa patients receiving HT.

12.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 8(4): 470-476, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the use of mobile health applications (mHealth apps) to deliver care for patients with breast cancer has increased exponentially. This study aimed to summarize the available evidence on developing mHealth apps to care for patients with breast cancer and identify the need for systematic efforts. METHODS: A scoping review was performed according to Arksey and O'Malley's framework, aiming to identify eligible research studies in PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science between January 2010 and December 2020. All identified studies were screened, extracted, and analyzed independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: A total of 676 studies were retrieved, and eight eligible studies were finally included. Four themes emerged: the involvement of patients and health professionals in the phases of design and development, patients' preferences, the characteristics of patients, and the motivators to use mHealth apps. The results indicated promising prospects for using mHealth apps to care for patients with breast cancer and identified the need for systematic efforts to develop and validate relevant apps. CONCLUSIONS: The attributes of patient characteristics, needs, and patient-reported outcomes data are vital components for developing mHealth apps for patients with breast cancer. Additionally, collaborative efforts, including patients, nurses, and other significant health professionals, should develop mHealth apps for breast cancer care. Additional research focusing on the design and development of mHealth apps for patients with breast cancer is warranted.

13.
Phys Rev E ; 104(3-1): 034307, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654168

RESUMO

The study of spreading phenomena in networks, in particular the spread of disease, has attracted considerable interest in the network science research community. In this paper, we show that the outbreak of an epidemic can be effectively contained and suppressed in a small subnetwork by a combination of antidote distribution and partial quarantine. We improve over existing antidote distribution schemes based on personalized PageRank in two ways. First, we replace the constraint on the topology of this subnetwork described by Chung et al. [Internet Math. 6, 237 (2009)1542-795110.1080/15427951.2009.10129184] that a large fraction of the value of the personalized PageRank vector must be contained in the local cluster, with a partial quarantine scheme. Second, we derive a different lower bound on the amount of antidote. We show that, under our antidote distribution scheme, the probability of the infection spreading to the whole network is bounded, and the infection inside the subnetwork will disappear after a period that is proportional to the logarithm of the number of initially infected nodes. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our strategy with numerical simulations of epidemics on benchmark networks. We also test our strategy on two examples of epidemics in real-world networks. Our strategy is dependent only on the rate of infection, the rate of recovery, and the topology around the initially infected nodes, and is independent of the rest of the network.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15786, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349197

RESUMO

Graph clustering, a fundamental technique in network science for understanding structures in complex systems, presents inherent problems. Though studied extensively in the literature, graph clustering in large systems remains particularly challenging because massive graphs incur a prohibitively large computational load. The heat kernel PageRank provides a quantitative ranking of nodes, and a local cluster can be efficiently found by performing a sweep over the heat kernel PageRank vector. But computing an exact heat kernel PageRank vector may be expensive, and approximate algorithms are often used instead. Most approximate algorithms compute the heat kernel PageRank vector on the whole graph, and thus are dependent on global structures. In this paper, we present an algorithm for approximating the heat kernel PageRank on a local subgraph. Moreover, we show that the number of computations required by the proposed algorithm is sublinear in terms of the expected size of the local cluster of interest, and that it provides a good approximation of the heat kernel PageRank, with approximation errors bounded by a probabilistic guarantee. Numerical experiments verify that the local clustering algorithm using our approximate heat kernel PageRank achieves state-of-the-art performance.

15.
JBI Evid Implement ; 18(3): 308-317, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32604389

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current implementation project aimed to promote evidence-based practice with prechemotherapy nursing assessment among adult cancer patients in a large university cancer center in Shanghai, China, over a 6-month timeframe. INTRODUCTION: Prechemotherapy nursing assessment is an essential element of cancer patient care, aiming to prevent or minimize potential problems from chemotherapy treatment. Regular comprehensive prechemotherapy assessment is not part of routine care currently in many clinical settings within China. METHODS: The project utilized the JBI approach to implementation, incorporating audit and feedback tools. Twelve evidence-based audit criteria were developed for use in the program. A baseline audit was conducted of prechemotherapy nursing assessment among adult cancer patients, with a sample size of 68 patients and 36 nursing staff. Following implementation of systematic strategies based on the analysis of three main barriers, a follow-up audit involving a similar sample as the first audit was conducted using the same audit criteria. RESULTS: The baseline audit indicated that for nursing assessment among adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, the criteria (1, 10, 11 and 12) which related to nurse education, weight measurement, premedication and access device assessment had very high compliance (from 93 to 100%). Compliance for criteria (2, 6, 7, 9) related to medical history, previous exposure to chemotherapy, patients' or caregivers' comprehension of treatment and psychosocial assessment was 0%, while compliance with the other five criteria (3, 4, 5, 8) was low, ranging from 16 to 61%. There was improvement in all 12 criteria in the follow-up audit. Criteria 1, 11 and 12 maintained high compliance (100%). Criterion 2 (patients' medical history), criterion 3 (presence or absence of allergies), criterion 7 (previous exposure to chemotherapy) and criterion 9 (psychosocial elements) demonstrated a significant improvement in compliance. Although progress has been made, there were still some criteria that require further improvement. These included assessment of patients' current diagnosis and cancer status (criterion 4, from 61 to 66%), recent laboratory results (criterion 5, from 31 to 62%), patients' and/or caregivers' comprehension of information regarding the disease and treatment (criterion 6, from 0 to 34%), any previous exposure to chemotherapy agents (criterion 7, from 0 to 57%), and physical assessment of the patient (criterion 8, from 46 to 72%). CONCLUSION: The project achieved increased compliance with evidence-based best practice in all assessed audit criteria improving the practice of prechemotherapy assessment. Involvement of informatics technology is a great strategy to help overcome barriers, simplify the change process and assist in sustaining evidence-based practice change. Future plans and ideas are in place and have been discussed. Further audits will need to be carried out to improve the validity and quality of nursing assessment.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Institutos de Câncer , China , Auditoria Clínica , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Avaliação em Enfermagem/métodos
16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11176, 2018 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30022125

RESUMO

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.

17.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 56(1): 113-121, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627566

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Comprehensive symptom assessment is crucial for symptom management. The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF) has been validated for symptom assessment in cancer patients, but there is no simplified Chinese version. OBJECTIVES: To present the validation procedures and results for the simplified Chinese version of the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF-SC) among cancer patients in mainland China. METHODS: The MSAS-SF was translated and culturally adapted into simplified Chinese. About 359 cancer patients completed the MSAS-SF-SC, the Chinese Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General, the Chinese Brief Fatigue Inventory, the Chinese Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Chinese Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey. Reliability was assessed by internal consistency and test-retest coefficients. Convergent and divergent validity were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficients between MSAS-SF-SC subscales and the other instruments. Known-groups validity used Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-Performance Status, hemoglobin level, and primary site. RESULTS: The MSAS-SF-SC was reliable with Cronbach's alpha coefficients for subscales ranging from 0.782 to 0.874 and test-retest coefficients ranging from 0.819 to 0.872. MSAS-SF-SC subscales correlated with corresponding Chinese Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General subscales (-0.557 to -0.680; P < 0.001), Chinese Brief Fatigue Inventory (0.620; P < 0.001), and Chinese Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (0.663; P < 0.001) indicating convergent validity. MSAS-SF-SC subscales showed low or no correlations with the Chinese Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (-0.146 to -0.165; P < 0.01), indicating divergent validity. MSAS-SF-SC subscales showed appropriate differences by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-Performance Status, hemoglobin level, and primary site. CONCLUSION: The MSAS-SF-SC demonstrated good psychometric properties and is culturally adapted. The instrument could be a valuable tool for Chinese health care professionals and researchers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cultura , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tradução , Adulto Jovem
18.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 5982, 2018 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29654276

RESUMO

Network science plays a central role in understanding and modeling complex systems in many areas including physics, sociology, biology, computer science, economics, politics, and neuroscience. One of the most important features of networks is community structure, i.e., clustering of nodes that are locally densely interconnected. Communities reveal the hierarchical organization of nodes, and detecting communities is of great importance in the study of complex systems. Most existing community-detection methods consider low-order connection patterns at the level of individual links. But high-order connection patterns, at the level of small subnetworks, are generally not considered. In this paper, we develop a novel community-detection method based on cliques, i.e., local complete subnetworks. The proposed method overcomes the deficiencies of previous similar community-detection methods by considering the mathematical properties of cliques. We apply the proposed method to computer-generated graphs and real-world network datasets. When applied to networks with known community structure, the proposed method detects the structure with high fidelity and sensitivity. When applied to networks with no a priori information regarding community structure, the proposed method yields insightful results revealing the organization of these complex networks. We also show that the proposed method is guaranteed to detect near-optimal clusters in the bipartition case.

19.
JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep ; 15(11): 2815-2829, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29135755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs) bind to and inhibit epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) in cancer cells, slowing/preventing tumor growth. As a type of "targeted therapy", they have demonstrated therapeutic effects on solid tumors including colorectal, lung, and head and neck cancers. While effective, various skin reactions are associated with EGFRI therapy which can lead to dose modification or discontinuation as well as discomfort, pain and reduced quality of life. With adequate knowledge and skills, EGFRI-induced skin toxicity can be effectively managed collaboratively by clinicians and people affected by cancer. OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to improve management of skin toxicity caused by EGFRIs by implementing evidence-informed practice within a chemotherapy department. METHODS: Evidence-informed recommendations for practice and corresponding audit criteria were developed based on a series of literature reviews. Current practice was reviewed against these criteria with 19 nurses and 21 patients within a chemotherapy department. Barriers to adherence to evidence-informed practice were identified and strategies to improve compliance were implemented with clinicians and patients. A follow-up audit against the criteria was used to measure changes in clinical practice. RESULTS: Multiple strategies for getting research into practice appear to have been successful. The follow-up audit demonstrated large improvements in compliance across all audit criteria in comparison with baseline results with all but one criterion achieving 100% compliance. Low rates of suspected infection meant that clinical practice could not be measured for criterion 7. CONCLUSIONS: Auditing current practice and implementation of strategies to improve compliance with evidence-informed practice were effective. Sustaining these improvements is vital to ensure clinical practice continues to support better patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Pele , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
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