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1.
Cell Prolif ; : e13178, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: DNA N6-methyladenine (N6-mA) demethylase Alkbh1 participates in regulating osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) and vascular calcification. However, the role of Alkbh1 in bone metabolism remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)-specific Alkbh1 knockout mice were used to investigate the role of Alkbh1 in bone metabolism. Western blot, qRT-PCR, and immunofluorescent staining were used to evaluate the expression of Alkbh1 or optineurin (optn). Micro-CT, histomorphometric analysis, and calcein double-labeling assay were used to evaluate bone phenotypes. Cell staining and qRT-PCR were used to evaluate the osteogenic or adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Dot blotting was used to detect the level of N6-mA in genomic DNA. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (Chip) assays were used to identify critical targets of Alkbh1. Alkbh1 adeno-associated virus was used to overexpress Alkbh1 in aged mice. RESULTS: Alkbh1 expression in BMSCs declined during aging. Knockout of Alkbh1 promoted adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs while inhibited osteogenic differentiation. BMSC-specific Alkbh1 knockout mice exhibited reduced bone mass and increased marrow adiposity. Mechanistically, we identified optn as the downstream target through which Alkbh1-mediated DNA m6A modification regulated BMSCs fate. Overexpression of Alkbh1 attenuated bone loss and marrow fat accumulation in aged mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated that Alkbh1 regulated BMSCs fate and bone-fat balance during skeletal aging and provided a potential target for the treatment of osteoporosis.

2.
Curr Med Sci ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The systemic inflammatory response is regarded as the major cause of endotoxin-induced coagulopathy, which is a strong predictor of mortality in patients with severe sepsis. Simvastatin plays an important role in reducing inflammation. In addition, the gut has long been hypothesized to be the "motor" of critical illness, driving or aggravating sepsis by the increased intestinal permeability and bacterial translocation. Whether simvastatin plays a role in severe endotoxin-induced coagulopathy through the gut is unclear. METHODS: In this study, mice were administered 20 mg/kg simvastatin by gavage for 2 weeks and then intraperitoneally injected with 50 mg/kg endotoxin. Twelve h later, cytokine release, coagulation dysfunction, organ damage, and survival were assessed. Besides, the intestinal barrier, permeability, bacteria abundance, and translocation were evaluated. RESULTS: We found that the severity of endotoxin-induced coagulopathy was significantly improved in simvastatin-pretreated mice, who showed attenuated depletion of coagulation factors and platelets, decreased plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression, reduced organ fibrin deposition, and improved survival time. Also, simvastatin reduced epithelial apoptosis and improved intestinal barrier function by upregulating antimicrobial peptides, lysozyme, and mucins. Simvastatin increased Lactobacillales counts, while the lipopolysaccharide group showed increased Desulfovibrio and Mucispirillum, which can produce harmful toxins. Finally, the decreased intestinal permeability in the simvastatin group caused reduced bacterial translocation in the organs and blood, both in terms of quantity and species. CONCLUSION: Simvastatin improves the prognosis of severe endotoxemia, and the intestinal microenvironment participates in this process.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 815: 152860, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016950

RESUMO

The reverse osmosis (RO) process has been applied extensively in wastewater reclamation for industrial and potable reuse. To prevent biofouling, chlorine disinfection was usually used in pretreatment. However, this study found that chlorine disinfection could significantly increase risks of antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) in the RO system. With the increase of chlorine concentration from 0 to 5 mg/L, the accumulative relative abundance of 14 common ARGs in the membrane foulants increased by 49.6%. Among these ARGs, tolC, acrA and acrB (resistance to multiple drugs) showed the highest increament after chlorine disinfection. Especially, the relative abundance of tolC in the group with 5 mg/L chlorine increased by 113.3% compared with the control group. These ARGs tended to be enriched in a few bacterial genus, including Candidatus, Thiomonas, Silanimonas, Xanthomonas and Pseudomonas. These results indicated that the foulants on RO membranes might become a potential sink of ARGs. Considering the possibility of membrane breach, the ARGs may contaminate the permeate and bring great biological risks.

4.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 41(1): 15, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acquired resistance of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) remains a clinical challenge in colorectal cancer (CRC), and efforts to develop targeted agents to reduce resistance have not yielded success. Metabolic reprogramming is a key cancer hallmark and confers several tumor phenotypes including chemoresistance. Glucose metabolic reprogramming events of 5-FU resistance in CRC has not been evaluated, and whether abnormal glucose metabolism could impart 5-FU resistance in CRC is also poorly defined. METHODS: Three separate acquired 5-FU resistance CRC cell line models were generated, and glucose metabolism was assessed by measuring glucose and lactate utilization, RNA and protein expressions of glucose metabolism-related enzymes and changes of intermediate metabolites of glucose metabolite pool. The protein levels of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in primary tumors and circulating tumor cells of CRC patients were detected by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Stable HIF1A knockdown in cell models was established with a lentiviral system. The influence of both HIF1A gene knockdown and pharmacological inhibition on 5-FU resistance in CRC was evaluated in cell models in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: The abnormality of glucose metabolism in 5-FU-resistant CRC were described in detail. The enhanced glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway in CRC were associated with increased HIF-1α expression. HIF-1α-induced glucose metabolic reprogramming imparted 5-FU resistance in CRC. HIF-1α showed enhanced expression in 5-FU-resistant CRC cell lines and clinical specimens, and increased HIF-1α levels were associated with failure of fluorouracil analog-based chemotherapy in CRC patients and poor survival. Upregulation of HIF-1α in 5-FU-resistant CRC occurred through non-oxygen-dependent mechanisms of reactive oxygen species-mediated activation of PI3K/Akt signaling and aberrant activation of ß-catenin in the nucleus. Both HIF-1α gene knock-down and pharmacological inhibition restored the sensitivity of CRC to 5-FU. CONCLUSIONS: HIF-1α is a potential biomarker for 5-FU-resistant CRC, and targeting HIF-1a in combination with 5-FU may represent an effective therapeutic strategy in 5-FU-resistant CRC.

6.
Bioengineered ; 13(1): 508-520, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969358

RESUMO

Neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide, but there is a lack of pharmacologic treatment and clinical targeted therapies. In this study, we aimed to explore the effects of Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) on ferroptosis-mediated inflammation and oxidative stress in neonatal ARDS and the potential mechanism. In this study, we established an in vivo ARDS mouse model and an in vitro ARDS cell model by LPS (Lipopolysaccharide) stimulation. Lung tissue injury was evaluated by wet/dry ratios and histopathological examination. LCN2 expression was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Inflammatory factors, oxidative stress and apoptosis were also detected. Ferroptosis was identified by detection of Fe2+ level and ferroptosis-associated protein expressions. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway signaling was examined by Western blot analysis. The data revealed that LCN2 expression was significantly upregulated in neonatal mice with ARDS. Interference with LCN2 protected LPS-induced lung in neonatal mouse by reducing the radio of wet/dry and alleviating pathological damages. In addition, LCN2 silencing repressed LPS-induced inflammation, oxidative stress in vivo and in vitro, as well as apoptosis. Meanwhile, decreased level of Fe2+ and transferrin while increased levels of ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) were observed. The expression MAPK/ERK pathway was inhibited by depletion of LCN2. The present results suggest that LCN2 knockdown protected LPS-induced ARDS model via inhibition of ferroptosis-related inflammation and oxidative stress by inhibiting the MAPK/ERK pathway, thereby presenting a novel target for the treatment of ARDS.

7.
Talanta ; 238(Pt 1): 122860, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857316

RESUMO

Here we describe an affinity molecule-directed surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor for a label-free, differentiation and quantification of ricin and abrin from their structural highly like agglutinin biotoxins. By an introduction of protein G as the affinity capturing molecule, we fulfilled a complete strategy contains (i) screening monoclonal antibodies to be paired in a sandwiched format, (ii) differentiate quantification from the agglutinin, (iii) ascertain of active from inactive biotoxin, and (iv) structural identification of captured biotoxins on a single chip. By the aid of an enrichment step from immunomagnetic beads, we could accurately measure ricin or abrin with a concentration lowered to 0.6 ng/mL (10 pM) in different complex matrices such as stevia, protein powder, and human plasma, with linear ranges of two or three orders of magnitude, and satisfied recovery. We then differentially quantified the mixed crude extracts from castor beans and jequirity peas, and real samples from the fourth OPCW biotoxin exercise to prove the practical availability. We further provided a SPR-mass spectrometric evidence directly obtained from Protein G affinity chip via a noncovalent molecule surface for the first time for definitely structural identification for crude extracts.


Assuntos
Abrina , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ricina , Aglutininas , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
8.
Microvasc Res ; 139: 104275, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717969

RESUMO

Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been widely used in the treatment of chronic wounds, including diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) as the severe manifestation of diabetic foot. Hsa-miR-203 is proven to be correlated with the severity of DFU. To investigate whether NPWT influences hsa-miR-203 levels in persons with DFU, we detected hsa-miR-203 levels in peripheral plasma and wound margin tissue from the following patients: type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients with DFU (DFU group), T2D patients without DFU (NDFU group), patients with chronic skin ulcer and normal glucose tolerance (SUC group), and healthy volunteers with normal glucose tolerance (NC group). All patients in SUC group received NPWT. As contrast, some of patients in DFU group received NPWT (NPWT group) while others chose routine dressing therapy (non-NPWT group). In vitro experiments were also performed to determine influences of negative pressure on cell proliferation and migration of HaCaT cells (human keratinocytes). Results showed that before NPWT, levels of hsa-miR-203 in peripheral plasma (P-miR-203) and wound margin tissue (T-miR-203) of DFU group were obviously increased compared to SUC group while expression of P-miR-203 decreased in NDFU group compared with NC group. After NPWT, levels of P-miR-203 and T-miR-203 in DFU and SUC group were significantly lower than before. Changes of P-miR-203 and T-miR-203 after NPWT were positively correlated with 4-week ulcer healing rate in NPWT and SUC group. In vitro, negative pressure lowered the expression of hsa-miR-203, enhancing cell proliferation and migration in HaCaT cells via up-regulation of p63 protein. Meanwhile, the effects of negative pressure on cells were remarkable reduced by high-glucose intervention. Our study suggests that NPWT promotes DFU healing by reducing the expression of hsa-miR-203 in peripheral blood and wound tissue. The changes of hsa-miR-203 in peripheral blood and wound tissue may be related to the therapeutic effect of NPWT.

9.
Bioact Mater ; 9: 397-410, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820579

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are increasingly used as delivery vehicles for drugs and bioactive molecules, which usually require intravascular administration. The endothelial cells covering the inner surface of blood vessels are susceptible to the shear stress of blood flow. Few studies demonstrate the interplay of red blood cell-derived EVs (RBCEVs) and endothelial cells. Thus, the phagocytosis of EVs by vascular endothelial cells during blood flow needs to be elucidated. In this study, red blood cell-derived extracellular vesicles (RBCEVs) were constructed to investigate endothelial cell phagocytosis in vitro and animal models. Results showed that low magnitude shear stress including low shear stress (LSS) and oscillatory shear stress (OSS) could promote the uptake of RBCEVs by endothelial cells in vitro. In addition, in zebrafish and mouse models, RBCEVs tend to be internalized by endothelial cells under LSS or OSS. Moreover, RBCEVs are easily engulfed by endothelial cells in atherosclerotic plaques exposed to LSS or OSS. In terms of mechanism, oxidative stress induced by LSS is part of the reason for the increased uptake of endothelial cells. Overall, this study shows that vascular endothelial cells can easily engulf EVs in areas of low magnitude shear stress, which will provide a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of EVs-based nano-drug delivery systems in vivo.

10.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt A): 111928, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34437848

RESUMO

The short-term morbidity effects of gaseous air pollutants on mental disorders (MDs), and the corresponding morbidity and economic burdens have not been well studied. We aimed to explore the associations of ambient sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3) and carbon monoxide (CO) with MDs hospitalizations in 17 Chinese cities during 2015-2018, and estimate the attributable risk and economic costs of MDs hospitalizations associated with gaseous pollutants. City-specific relationships between gaseous pollutants and MDs hospitalizations were evaluated using over-dispersed generalized additive models, then combined to obtain the pooled effect. Concentration-response (C-R) curves of gaseous pollutants with MDs from each city were pooled to allow regional estimates to be derived. The morbidity and economic burdens of MDs hospitalizations attributable to gaseous pollutants were further assessed. A total of 171,939 MDs hospitalizations were included. We observed insignificant association of O3 with MDs. An interquartile range increase in SO2 at lag0 (9.1 µg/m³), NO2 at lag0 (16.7 µg/m³) and CO at lag2 (0.4 mg/m³) corresponded to a 3.02% (95%CI: 0.72%, 5.38%), 5.03% (95%CI: 1.84%, 8.32%) and 2.18% (95%CI: 0.40%, 4.00%) increase in daily MDs hospitalizations, respectively. These effects were modified by sex, season and cause-specific MDs. The C-R curves of SO2 and NO2 with MDs indicated nonlinearity and the slops were steeper at lower concentrations. Overall, using current standards as reference concentrations, 0.27% (95%CI: 0.07%, 0.48%) and 0.06% (95%CI: 0.02%, 0.10%) of MDs hospitalizations could be attributable to extra SO2 and NO2 exposures, and the corresponding economic costs accounted for 0.34% (95%CI: 0.08%, 0.60%) and 0.07% (95%CI: 0.03%, 0.11%) of hospitalization expenses, respectively. Moreover, using threshold values detected from C-R curves as reference concentrations, the above mentioned morbidity and economic burdens increased a lot. These findings suggest more strict emission control regulations are needed to protect mental health from gaseous pollutants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Transtornos Mentais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Hospitalização , Humanos , Morbidade , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Material Particulado/análise , Dióxido de Enxofre/análise , Dióxido de Enxofre/toxicidade
11.
Mater Today Bio ; 13: 100183, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927046

RESUMO

The development of long lasting therapeutic agents is critically important for efficient treatment of chronic diseases. We herein report a rational strategy to develop a therapeutic thermogel featured with prolonged anti-inflammatory and corneal-protective effects. Specifically, a hyaluronic acid with different sulfation degrees and an amine-terminated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) are conjugated to achieve the thermogels. In vitro studies reveal that the thermogels are highly biocompatible to statens seruminstitut rabbit cornea cells and their anti-inflammatory properties are strongly dependent on the sulfation degree. In a rabbit model of ocular inflammation, single-dose topical administration of a thermogel formulation could repair defects in corneal epithelium (∼99% thickness restored), prevent corneal cell apoptosis (∼68.3% cells recovered), and suppress ocular surface inflammation (∼4-fold decrease) for a follow-up period of 7 days. This high treatment efficacy of the thermogel can be attributed to its potent inhibition in selectin-mediated leukocyte infiltration as well as effective corneal protection. These findings show a great promise for topical treatment of ocular inflammation and advancement of ophthalmic formulations using the bioactive thermogel as a therapeutic component that is not rapidly cleared from the eye and thus considerably reduces administration times.

12.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 6158961, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853670

RESUMO

Background: Cerebrovascular disease has been the leading cause of death in China since 2017, and the control of medical expenses for these diseases is an urgent issue. Diagnosis-related groups (DRG) are increasingly being used to decrease the costs of healthcare worldwide. However, the classification variables and rules used vary from region to region. Of these variables, the question of whether the length of stay (LOS) should be used as a grouping variable is controversial. Aim: To identify the factors influencing inpatient medical expenditure in cerebrovascular disease patients. The performance of two sets of classification rules, and the effects of the extent of control of unreasonable medical treatment, were compared, to investigate whether the classification variables should include LOS. Methods: Data from 45,575 inpatients from a Healthcare Security Administration of a city in western China were used. Kruskal-Wallis H tests were used for single-factor analysis, and multiple linear stepwise regression was used to determine the main factors. A chi-squared automatic interaction detector (CHAID) algorithm was built as a decision tree model for grouping related data. The intensity of oversupply of service was controlled step by step from 10% to 100%, and the performance was calculated for each group. Results: The average hospitalization cost was 1,284 US dollars, and the total was 51.17 million US dollars. Of this, 43.42 million were paid by the government, and 7.75 million were paid by individuals. Factors including gender, age, type of insurance, level of hospital, LOS, surgery, therapeutic outcomes, main concomitant disease, and hypertension significantly influenced inpatient expenditure (P < 0.05). Incorporating LOS, the patients were divided into seven DRG groups, while without LOS, the patients were divided into eight DRG groups. More clinical variables were needed to achieve good results without LOS. Of the two rule sets, smaller coefficient of variation (CV) and a lower upper limit for patient costs were found in the group including LOS. Using this type of economic control, 3.35 million US dollars could be saved in one year.

13.
Chem Sci ; 12(43): 14494-14498, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881000

RESUMO

N-Dealkylation of amines by metal oxo intermediates (M[double bond, length as m-dash]O) is related to drug detoxification and DNA repair in biological systems. In this study, we report the first example of N-dealkylation of various alkylamines by a luminescent osmium(vi) nitrido complex induced by visible light.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34886354

RESUMO

Geothermal waters usually have elevated tungsten concentrations, making geothermal systems important sources of tungsten in the environment. To study the transport of tungsten in hot springs to hot spring sediment, which is one of the key processes for the release of geothermally derived tungsten to the surface environment, geochemical investigations of the hot springs and their corresponding sediments in Rehai (a representative hydrothermal area in southwestern China) and systematic laboratory experiments of tungstate and polytungstate adsorption onto typical iron-bearing minerals in hot spring sediments (i.e., pyrite and goethite) were conducted. The results demonstrate that considerable tungsten concentrations (i.e., not much less than 10 µg/L), formation of polytungstates under acidic conditions, and enrichment of iron oxide minerals represented by goethite are the prerequisites for extreme enrichment of tungsten in hot spring sediments (e.g., 991 µg/g in the ZZQ spring outflow channel). The absence of any of these conditions would weaken the immobilization of aqueous tungsten and result in higher mobility of tungsten in the hot springs and its further transport downstream, possibly polluting the other natural waters in and around Rehai that serve as local drinking water sources. This study provides an insight for identifying the key geochemical processes controlling the transport and fate of undesirable elements (in this case, tungsten) in geothermal systems.

15.
Am J Mens Health ; 15(6): 15579883211067086, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939514

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of 10 different surgical treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with volume >60 mL. A systematic literature review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) within a Bayesian framework was performed. A total of 52 parallel-group RCTs included, reporting on 6,947 participants, comparing open prostatectomy (OP), monopolar/bipolar transurethral resection of prostate (monopolar/ bipolar TURP), thulium, holmium and diode laser enucleation of prostate (LEP), bipolar enucleation of prostate, potassium titanyl phosphate laser vaporization of prostate (KTP LVP), bipolar vaporization of prostate (bipolar VP), and laparoscopic simple prostatectomy (laparoscope SP). Compared with OP, laparoscope SP identified better maximal flow rate (Qmax; mean differences [MDs] = 2.89 mL/s) at the 24th month, but bipolar VP demonstrated worse Qmax (MD = -3.20 mL/s) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS; MD = 2.60) at the 12th month. Holmium LEP (MD = 1.37) demonstrated better International Index of Erectile Function-5 at the 12th month compared with OP. However, compared with OP, KTP LVP demonstrated worse postvoid residual volume (PVR) at the sixth (MD = 10.42 mL) and 12th month (MD = 5.89 mL) and monopolar TURP (MD = 6.9 mL) demonstrated worse PVR at the 12th month. Eight new surgical methods for BPH with volume >60 mL appeared to be superior in safety compared with OP and monopolar TURP due to fewer complications. Bipolar VP and KTP LVP maybe not suitable for prostates more than 60 mL due to short- and middle-term worse Qmax, IPSS, and PVR than OP.

16.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 45: 102243, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to quantify the contribution of different transmission routes of the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and determine its transmissibility. METHODS: Based on the natural history and transmission features of MERS in different countries, a susceptible-exposed-symptomatic-asymptomatic-recovered/death (SEIARD) model and a multi-route dynamic model (MMDM). The SEIARD model and MMDM were adopted to simulate MERS in South Korea and Saudi Arabia, respectively. Data on reported MERS cases in the two countries were obtained from the World Health Organization. Thereafter, the next generation matrix method was employed to derive the equation for the basic reproduction number (R0), and the model fitting procedure was adopted to calculate the R0 values corresponding to these different countries. RESULTS: In South Korea, 'Person-to-Person' transmission was identified as the main mode of MERS transmission in healthcare settings, while in Saudi Arabia, in addition to 'Person-to-Person' transmission, 'Host-to-Host' and 'Host-to-Person' transmission also occurred under certain scenarios, with camels being the main host. Further, the fitting results showed that the SEIARD model and MMDM fitted the data well. The mean R0 value was 8.59 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0-28.02) for MERS in South Korea, and for MERS in Saudi Arabia, it was 1.15 and 1.02 (95% CI: 0.86-1.44) for the 'Person-to-Person' and 'Camel-to-Camel' transmission routes, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The SEIARD and MMDM model can be used to simulate the transmission of MERS in different countries. Additionally, in Saudi Arabia, the transmissibility of MERS was almost the same among hosts (camels) and humans.

17.
PeerJ ; 9: e12511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900429

RESUMO

Background: Cordyceps militaris is a fungus that parasitizes insects. Compounds from C. militaris are valuable in medicine and functional food. There are many kinds of bacteria in the natural sclerotia of C. militaris. However, the community structure of microorganisms in samples from different places may be different, and their corresponding ecological functions require experimental verification. Methods: We used high-throughput sequencing technology to analyze bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequences in sclerotia of three samples of C. militaris from Liaoning Province, China. We isolated, identified and verified the function of culturable bacterial strains from the sclerotia. Results: Pseudomonas, Pedobacter, Sphingobacterium, and Serratia were the dominant bacterial genera in the sclerotia. And function prediction showed that Pseudomonas and Pedobacter could be heterotrophic, Sphingobacterium could decompose urea, and Serratia could reduce nitrate. Two strains of bacteria isolated from the sclerotia of C. militaris, N-2 and N-26, were identified as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Pseudomonas baetica, respectively, based on culture and biochemical characteristics. When these isolated strains were co-cultured with C. militaris, the mycelium biomass and mycelium pellet diameter decreased, and the content of extracellular polysaccharide increased. Strain N-26 decreased the cordycepin content in C. militaris. Conclusions: Bacteria in sclerotia have an important effect on the growth of C. militaris and the production of its metabolites.

18.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 21(1): 371, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For liver cancer patients, the occurrence of postoperative complications increases the difficulty of perioperative nursing, prolongs the hospitalization time of patients, and leads to large increases in hospitalization costs. The ability to identify influencing factors and to predict the risk of complications in patients with liver cancer after surgery could assist doctors to make better clinical decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to develop a postoperative complication risk prediction model based on machine learning algorithms, which utilizes variables obtained before or during the liver cancer surgery, to predict when complications present with clinical symptoms and the ways of reducing the risk of complications. METHODS: The study subjects were liver cancer patients who had undergone liver resection. There were 175 individuals, and 13 variables were recorded. 70% of the data were used for the training set, and 30% for the test set. The performance of five machine learning models, logistic regression, decision trees-C5.0, decision trees-CART, support vector machines, and random forests, for predicting postoperative complication risk in liver resection patients were compared. The significant influencing factors were selected by combining results of multiple methods, based on which the prediction model of postoperative complications risk was created. The results were analyzed to give suggestions of how to reduce the risk of complications. RESULTS: Random Forest gave the best performance from the decision curves analysis. The decision tree-C5.0 algorithm had the best performance of the five machine learning algorithms if ACC and AUC were used as evaluation indicators, producing an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve value of 0.91 (95% CI 0.77-1), with an accuracy of 92.45% (95% CI 85-100%), the sensitivity of 87.5%, and specificity of 94.59%. The duration of operation, patient's BMI, and length of incision were significant influencing factors of postoperative complication risk in liver resection patients. CONCLUSIONS: To reduce the risk of complications, it appears to be important that the patient's BMI should be above 22.96 before the operation, and the duration of the operation should be minimized.

19.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 27(5): 437-444, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914320

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of the serum containing Zhibai Dihuang Decoction (ZDD) on the energy metabolism of spermatogenic cells infected with Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) in rats and its action mechanism. METHODS: Healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into six groups, normal control, UU-infection (UUI) model control, doxycycline, and low-, medium- and high-dose ZDD-containing serum. After successful establishment of the UUI model in vivo in the latter five groups, the rats in the normal control group were treated with simple serum and those in the latter five with respective agents. Then primary spermatogenic cells were harvested from the rats for examination of the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells, contents of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), glucose disposal rate (GDR) and expressions of AMPK and PARα proteins in the spermatogenic cells, and other related parameters. RESULTS: The apoptosis rate of the spermatogenic cells was dramatically increased in the UUI model controls compared with that in the normal controls (ï¼»49.24 ± 0.86ï¼½% vs ï¼»10.09 ± 0.52ï¼½%, P < 0.01), but significantly decreased in the doxycycline and low-, medium- and high-dose ZDD groups (ï¼»11.21 ± 1.02ï¼½%, ï¼»30.64 ± 0.99ï¼½%, ï¼»35.54 ± 1.17ï¼½% and ï¼»42.95 ± 1.31ï¼½%) in comparison with that in the UUI model control group (P < 0.01).The content of LDH in the spermatogenic cells was also remarkably increased in the UUI model controls compared with that in the normal controls (ï¼»201.12 ± 2.88ï¼½ vs ï¼»60.72 ± 1.83ï¼½) mU/ml, P < 0.01), but significantly decreased in the doxycycline and low-, medium- and high-dose ZDD groups (ï¼»90.66 ± 1.61ï¼½, ï¼»94.74 ± 1.20ï¼½, ï¼»101.24 ± 2.03ï¼½ and ï¼»111.04 ± 3.35ï¼½ mU/ml) in comparison with that in the UUI model control group (P < 0.01). The GDR in the spermatogenic cells was markedly reduced in the UUI model controls compared with that in the normal controls (ï¼»49.42 ± 1.70ï¼½% vs ï¼»99.86 ± 1.26ï¼½%, P < 0.01), but significantly elevated in the doxycycline and low-, medium- and high-dose ZDD groups (ï¼»86.90 ± 2.03ï¼½%, ï¼»84.14 ± 1.21ï¼½%, ï¼»80.30 ± 1.37ï¼½% and ï¼»75.18 ± 1.76ï¼½% in comparison with that in the UUI model control group (P < 0.01). The content of ATP was also dramatically decreased in the UUI model controls compared with that in the normal controls (ï¼»19.76 ± 1.46ï¼½ vs ï¼»58.94 ± 1.95ï¼½ µmol/L, P < 0.01), but significantly increased in the doxycycline and low-, medium- and high-dose ZDD groups (ï¼»48.34 ± 1.34ï¼½, ï¼»42.82 ± 1.30ï¼½, ï¼»38.70 ± 2.03ï¼½ and ï¼»34.78 ± 0.82ï¼½ µmol/L) in comparison with that in the UUI model control group (P < 0.01). The mitochondrial membrane potential was remarkably elevated in the UUI model controls compared with that in the normal controls (ï¼»8.53 ± 0.71ï¼½% vs ï¼»2.43 ± 0.25ï¼½%, P < 0.01), but markedly reduced in the doxycycline and low-, medium- and high-dose ZDD groups (ï¼»3.92 ± 0.36ï¼½%, ï¼»4.43 ± 0.27ï¼½%, ï¼»4.65 ± 0.22ï¼½% and ï¼»4.88 ± 0.10ï¼½% in comparison with that in the UUI model control group (P < 0.01). The phosphorylation levels of AMPK and PPARα proteins were significantly up-regulated in the UUI model controls compared with that in the normal controls (P < 0.01), but down-regulated in a dose-dependent manner in the ZDD groups. CONCLUSIONS: Zhibai Dihuang Decoction can significantly improve the damage to the mitochondrial structure and inhibit UU infection-induced apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and secretion of LDH by increasing the ATP content and GDR and regulating the phosphorylation of AMPK and PARα signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Metabolismo Energético , PPAR alfa , Infecções por Ureaplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Ureaplasma urealyticum
20.
China CDC Wkly ; 3(50): 1071-1074, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934519

RESUMO

Introduction: Vaccination booster shots are completely necessary for controlling breakthrough infections of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in China. The study aims to estimate effectiveness of booster vaccines for high-risk populations (HRPs). Methods: A vaccinated Susceptible-Exposed-Symptomatic-Asymptomatic-Recovered/Removed (SEIAR) model was developed to simulate scenarios of effective reproduction number (R eff ) from 4 to 6. Total number of infectious and asymptomatic cases were used to evaluated vaccination effectiveness. Results: Our model showed that we could not prevent outbreaks when covering 80% of HRPs with booster unless R eff =4.0 or the booster vaccine had efficacy against infectivity and susceptibility of more than 90%. The results were consistent when the outcome index was confirmed cases or asymptomatic cases. Conclusions: An ideal coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) booster vaccination strategy for HRPs would be expected to reach the initial goal to control the transmission of the Delta variant in China. Accordingly, the recommendation for the COVID-19 booster vaccine should be implemented in HRPs who are already vaccinated and could prevent transmission to other groups.

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