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1.
MedComm (2020) ; 5(4): e528, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606362

RESUMO

Lipid metabolic reprogramming is closely related to tumor progression with the mechanism not fully elucidated. Here, we report the immune-regulated role of lanosterol synthase (LSS), an essential enzyme in cholesterol synthesis. Database analysis and clinical sample experiments suggest that LSS was lowly expressed in colon and breast cancer tissues, which indicates poor prognosis. The biological activity of tumor cell lines and tumor progression in NOD scid gamma (NSG) mice were not affected after LSS knockdown, whereas LSS deficiency obviously aggravated tumor burden in fully immunized mice. Flow cytometry analysis showed that LSS knockdown significantly promoted the formation of tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment, characterized by the increase in M2 macrophages and polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSCs), as well as the decrease in anti-tumoral T lymphocytes. With the inhibition of myeloid infiltration or loss function of T lymphocytes, the propulsive effect of LSS knockdown on tumor progression disappeared. Mechanistically, LSS knockdown increased programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1) protein stability by 2,3-oxidosqualene (OS) binding to PDL1 protein. Anti-PDL1 therapy abolished LSS deficiency-induced immunosuppressive microenvironment and cancer progression. In conclusion, our results show that LSS deficiency promotes tumor progression by establishing an OS-PDL1 axis-dependent immunosuppressive microenvironment, indicative of LSS or OS as a potential hallmark of response to immune checkpoint blockade.

2.
Talanta ; 274: 125995, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599115

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) porous metal oxide nanomaterials with controllable morphology and well-defined pore size have attracted extensive attention in the field of gas sensing. Herein, hierarchically porous ZnO-450 was obtained simply by annealing Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIF-90) microcrystals at an optimal temperature of 450 °C, and the effect of annealing temperature on the formation of porous nanostructure was discussed. Then the as-obtained ZnO-450 was employed as sensing materials to construct a Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) gas sensor for detecting NO2. The MEMS sensor based on ZnO-450 displays the excellent gas-sensing performances at a lower working temperature (190 °C), such as high response value (242.18% @ 10 ppm), fast response/recovery time (9/26 s) and ultralow limit of detection (35 ppb). The ZnO-450 sensor shows better sensing performance for NO2 detection than ZnO-based composites materials or commercial ZnO nanoparticles (NPs), which are attributed to its unique hierarchically structures with high porosity and larger surface area. This ZIFs driven strategy can be expected to pave a new pathway for the design of high-performance NO2 sensors.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172154, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575029

RESUMO

With the inclusion of "Building Inclusive, safe, Resilient and Sustainable Cities and human Settlements" (SDG11) in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS), the movement to promote sustainable development from an urban perspective is growing globally. Many studies examine urban sustainability efficiency from multiple dimensions, but scant attention targets the interaction among various dimensions. This research combines the water-energy-industry subsystem to evaluate the sustainable development performance of 29 provinces in China from 2018 to 2020. The results show that 1) a water system plays an important role in promoting a city's overall sustainable performance. 2) Urban sustainable efficiency has the characteristics of low value aggregation and high value dispersion in space. 3) Regional and sub-system sustainability efficiencies exhibit clear heterogeneity. 4) Rainfall improves the sustainable efficiency of cities, mainly through water systems. 5) The coupling between water and industrial subsystems is better than that between energy and industrial subsystems, and the coupling between the central region subsystem is the best. This paper offers a new perspective for understanding the current state of sustainability in China's provinces and provides more specific suggestions for improving regional sustainability efficiency in the future.

4.
J Adv Res ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615741

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy in women with unfavorite prognosis. OBJECTIVES: Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) inhibits BC progression, however, the underlying mechanism remains largely undefined. METHODS: The cytotoxicity of Tan IIA was assessed by CCK-8 and LDH assays. Ferroptosis was monitored by the level of MDA, Fe2+, lipid ROS and GSH. IHC and western blot were employed to detect the localization and expression of SLC7A11, PIAS4, KDM1A and other key molecules. The SUMOylation of SLC7A11 was detected by Ni-beads pull-down assay and co-IP. Luciferase and ChIP assays were employed to detect the direct association between KDM1A and PIAS4 promoter. The proliferative and metastatic properties of BC cells were assessed by colony formation, CCK-8 and Transwell assays, respectively. The in vitro findings were verified in xenograft and lung metastasis models. RESULTS: Tan IIA promoted ferroptosis by suppressing SLC7A11 in BC cells. Silencing of PIAS4 or KDM1A inhibited cell growth and metastasis in BC. Mechanistically, PIAS4 facilitated the SUMOylation of SLC7A11 via direct binding to SLC7A11, and KDM1A acted as a transcriptional activator of PIAS4. Functional studies further revealed that Tan IIA decreased KDM1A expression, thus suppressing PIAS4 expression transcriptionally. The inhibition of PIAS4-dependent SUMOylation of SLC7A11 further induced ferroptosis, thereby inhibiting proliferation and metastasis in BC. CONCLUSION: Tan IIA promoted ferroptosis and inhibited tumor growth and metastasis via suppressing KDM1A/PIAS4/SLC7A11 axis.

5.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580551

RESUMO

The rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) is a crucial experimental animal that shares many genetic, brain organizational, and behavioral characteristics with humans. A macaque brain atlas is fundamental to biomedical and evolutionary research. However, even though connectivity is vital for understanding brain functions, a connectivity-based whole-brain atlas of the macaque has not previously been made. In this study, we created a new whole-brain map, the Macaque Brainnetome Atlas (MacBNA), based on the anatomical connectivity profiles provided by high angular and spatial resolution ex vivo diffusion MRI data. The new atlas consists of 248 cortical and 56 subcortical regions as well as their structural and functional connections. The parcellation and the diffusion-based tractography were evaluated with invasive neuronal-tracing and Nissl-stained images. As a demonstrative application, the structural connectivity divergence between macaque and human brains was mapped using the Brainnetome atlases of those two species to uncover the genetic underpinnings of the evolutionary changes in brain structure. The resulting resource includes: (1) the thoroughly delineated Macaque Brainnetome Atlas (MacBNA), (2) regional connectivity profiles, (3) the postmortem high-resolution macaque diffusion and T2-weighted MRI dataset (Brainnetome-8), and (4) multi-contrast MRI, neuronal-tracing, and histological images collected from a single macaque. MacBNA can serve as a common reference frame for mapping multifaceted features across modalities and spatial scales and for integrative investigation and characterization of brain organization and function. Therefore, it will enrich the collaborative resource platform for nonhuman primates and facilitate translational and comparative neuroscience research.

6.
ACS Nano ; 18(13): 9285-9310, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522089

RESUMO

Replacing liquid electrolytes and separators in conventional lithium-ion batteries with solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) is an important strategy to ensure both high energy density and high safety. Searching for fast ionic conductors with high electrochemical and chemical stability has been the core of SSE research and applications over the past decades. Based on the atomic-level thickness and infinitely expandable planar structure, numerous two-dimensional materials (2DMs) have been exploited and applied to address the most critical issues of low ionic conductivity of SSEs and lithium dendrite growth in all-solid-state lithium batteries. This review introduces the research process of 2DMs in SSEs, then summarizes the mechanisms and strategies of inert and active 2DMs toward Li+ transport to improve the ionic conductivity and enhance the electrode/SSE interfacial compatibility. More importantly, the main challenges and future directions for the application of 2DMs in SSEs are considered, including the importance of exploring the relationship between the anisotropic structure of 2DMs and Li+ diffusion behavior, the exploitation of more 2DMs, and the significance of in situ characterizations in elucidating the mechanisms of Li+ transport and interfacial reactions. This review aims to provide a comprehensive understanding to facilitate the application of 2DMs in SSEs.

7.
Cell Rep ; 43(3): 113918, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451817

RESUMO

Maximizing the potential of human liver organoids (LOs) for modeling human septic liver requires the integration of innate immune cells, particularly resident macrophage Kupffer cells. In this study, we present a strategy to generate LOs containing Kupffer cells (KuLOs) by recapitulating fetal liver hematopoiesis using human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived erythro-myeloid progenitors (EMPs), the origin of tissue-resident macrophages, and hiPSC-derived LOs. Remarkably, LOs actively promote EMP hematopoiesis toward myeloid and erythroid lineages. Moreover, supplementing with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) proves crucial in sustaining the hematopoietic population during the establishment of KuLOs. Exposing KuLOs to sepsis-like endotoxins leads to significant organoid dysfunction that closely resembles the pathological characteristics of the human septic liver. Furthermore, we observe a notable functional recovery in KuLOs upon endotoxin elimination, which is accelerated by using Toll-like receptor-4-directed endotoxin antagonist. Our study represents a comprehensive framework for integrating hematopoietic cells into organoids, facilitating in-depth investigations into inflammation-mediated liver pathologies.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Hepatopatias , Sepse , Humanos , Células de Kupffer , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatias/patologia , Organoides , Sepse/patologia , Endotoxinas , Diferenciação Celular
8.
J Cancer ; 15(5): 1255-1256, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356710

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7150/jca.66773.].

9.
Food Funct ; 15(4): 2154-2169, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311970

RESUMO

Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is a metabolic bone disease that results from overproduction and hyperactivation of osteoclasts caused by insufficient estrogen in women after menopause. Current therapeutic strategies are mainly focused on treating PMOP patients who have already developed severe bone loss or even osteoporotic fractures. Obviously, a better strategy is to prevent PMOP from occurring in the first place. However, such reagents are largely lacking. Piperlongumine (PLM), an amide alkaloid extracted from long pepper Piper longum, exhibits the anti-osteoclastogenic effect in normal bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) and the protective effect against osteolysis induced by titanium particles in mice. This study examined the preventive effect of PLM on PMOP and explored the potential mechanism of this effect using both ovariectomized mice and their primary cells. The result showed that PLM (5 and 10 mg kg-1) administered daily for 6 weeks ameliorated ovariectomy-induced bone loss and osteoclast formation in mice. Further cell experiments showed that PLM directly suppressed osteoclast formation, F-actin ring formation, and osteoclastic resorption pit formation in BMMs derived from osteoporotic mice, but did not obviously affect osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) from these mice. Western blot analysis revealed that PLM attenuated maximal activation of p38 and JNK pathways by RANKL stimulation without affecting acute activation of NF-κB, AKT, and ERK signaling. Furthermore, PLM inhibited expression of key osteoclastogenic transcription factors NFATc1/c-Fos and their target genes (Dcstamp, Atp6v0d2, Acp5, and Oscar). Taken together, our findings suggest that PLM inhibits osteoclast formation and function by suppressing RANKL-induced activation of the p38/JNK-cFos/NFATc1 signaling cascade, thereby preventing ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in mice. Thus, PLM can potentially be used as an anti-resorption drug or dietary supplement for the prevention of PMOP.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Benzodioxóis , Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Osteogênese , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Osteoclastos , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Reabsorção Óssea/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose/etiologia , Osteoporose/genética , Diferenciação Celular , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/metabolismo , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo
11.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 17: 435-445, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375439

RESUMO

Background: Traditional observational studies have found a possible risk association of the gut microbiota for psoriasis. Meanwhile, psoriasis may also affect the changes in the gut microbiota. However, the available evidence does not demonstrate a reciprocal relationship between the gut microbiota and psoriasis. This limits our understanding on the role of the gut microbiota in the mechanisms of psoriasis. Methods: To address this question we used Mendelian randomization, a novel epidemiological approach, and acquired the largest current gut microbiota GWAS data from the MiBioGen consortium as well as psoriasis GWAS data from the FinnGen consortium, and performed two-sample bidirectional MR analyses using a multiple MR analysis approach. Finally, the robustness of the results was assessed by sensitivity analysis. Results: Our results indicate that five bacterial genera are causally related to psoriasis and psoriasis is causally related to four bacterial genera. Conclusion: These results suggest a bidirectional causal influence of psoriasis on the gut microbiota. Our results somewhat challenge the causal inferences of previous observational studies. We found that the specific bacterial genera with a risk effect on psoriasis were different from those found to characterize psoriasis in previous observational studies, and that these psoriasis-characterizing genera were inversely associated with psoriasis.

12.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2309704, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300140

RESUMO

From July to September 2023, China reported over 1, 400 confirmed cases of mpox transmitted mainly through sexual contact between males. Meanwhile, the percentage of men who have sex with men at universities in southwestern China is increasing every year, which is likely to lead to a potential spread of mpox on campuses. Vaccination is an effective preventive measure against infectious diseases, this study examined the willingness of university students in Southwest China to receive the mpox vaccine and analyzed the factors influencing their decision. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 7311 university students from 10 universities in Southwest China between August 13 and September 1, 2023. The survey revealed a hesitancy rate of 56.13% toward the mpox vaccine, with the most common reason being concerns about vaccine safety (1407/4104, 34.29%). Univariate analysis identified 13 variables that significantly differed between the vaccine acceptance and vaccine hesitancy groups. Multivariate logistic regression analyses indicated protective factors for vaccine hesitancy, such as sexually transmitted diseases, previous knowledge about mpox, frequent information about mpox, people can get reinfection of mpox, and worries about mpox endemic in China. Additionally, the confidence and convenience dimensions in the 3Cs model were identified as risk factors for mpox vaccine hesitancy. This study found a high rate of vaccine hesitancy among university students in Southwest China regarding the mpox vaccine. Collaboration between university and healthcare departments is recommended to address mpox vaccine hesitancy among college students, thereby promoting their willingness to receive the mpox vaccine.


Assuntos
Varíola dos Macacos , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Vacina Antivariólica , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Homossexualidade Masculina , Hesitação Vacinal , Estudantes , China
13.
EMBO Rep ; 25(2): 593-615, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228788

RESUMO

Many physiological osteocalcin-regulated functions are affected in adult offspring of mothers experiencing unhealthy pregnancy. Furthermore, osteocalcin signaling during gestation influences cognition and adrenal steroidogenesis in adult mice. Together these observations suggest that osteocalcin may broadly function during pregnancy to determine organismal homeostasis in adult mammals. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed in unchallenged wildtype and Osteocalcin-deficient, newborn and adult mice of various genotypes and origin maintained on different genetic backgrounds, the functions of osteocalcin in the pancreas, liver and testes and their molecular underpinnings. This analysis revealed that providing mothers are Osteocalcin-deficient, Osteocalcin haploinsufficiency in embryos hampers insulin secretion, liver gluconeogenesis, glucose homeostasis, testes steroidogenesis in adult offspring; inhibits cell proliferation in developing pancreatic islets and testes; and disrupts distinct programs of gene expression in these organs and in the brain. This study indicates that osteocalcin exerts dominant functions in most organs it influences. Furthermore, through their synergistic regulation of multiple physiological functions, osteocalcin of maternal and embryonic origins contributes to the establishment and maintenance of organismal homeostasis in newborn and adult offspring.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Gravidez , Glicemia/análise , Glicemia/metabolismo , Homeostase , Insulina/metabolismo , Secreção de Insulina , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Osteocalcina/genética , Osteocalcina/metabolismo , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/metabolismo
14.
Comput Biol Med ; 170: 107996, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38266465

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cerebrovascular segmentation and quantification of vascular morphological features in humans and rhesus monkeys are essential for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of brain diseases. However, current automated whole-brain vessel segmentation methods are often not generalizable to independent datasets, limiting their usefulness in real-world environments with their heterogeneity in participants, scanners, and species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we proposed an automated, accurate and generalizable segmentation method for magnetic resonance angiography images called FFCM-MRF. This method integrated fast fuzzy c-means clustering and Markov random field optimization by vessel shape priors and spatial constraints. We used a total of 123 human and 44 macaque MRA images scanned at 1.5 T, 3 T, and 7 T MRI from 9 datasets to develop and validate the method. RESULTS: FFCM-MRF achieved average Dice similarity coefficients ranging from 69.16 % to 89.63 % across multiple independent datasets, with improvements ranging from 3.24 % to 7.3 % compared to state-of-the-art methods. Quantitative analysis showed that FFCM-MRF can accurately segment major arteries in the Circle of Willis at the base of the brain and small distal pial arteries while effectively reducing noise. Test-retest analysis showed that the model yielded high vascular volume and diameter reliability. CONCLUSIONS: Our results have demonstrated that FFCM-MRF is highly accurate and reliable and largely independent of variations in field strength, scanner platforms, acquisition parameters, and species. The macaque MRA data and user-friendly open-source toolbox are freely available at OpenNeuro and GitHub to facilitate studies of imaging biomarkers for cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Animais , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Macaca mulatta , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Algoritmos
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 916: 170030, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220008

RESUMO

Derivatives of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) pose significant threat to environment and human health due to their widespread and potential hazards. However, adverse effects and action mechanisms of PAH derivatives on human health have not been attempted yet. Herein, we chose pyrene and its derivatives (1-hydroxypyrene, 1-nitropyrene, and 1-methylpyrene) to investigate adverse effect mechanism to human lungs using in vitro and in vivo methods. Results showed that pyrene derivatives have higher lung health risks than original pyrene. They can activate AhR, subsequently affecting expression of downstream target genes CYP1A1 and CYP1B1. The binding energies of pyrene and its derivatives ranged from -16.07 to -27.25 kcal/mol by molecular dynamics simulations, implying that pyrene and its derivatives acted as agonists of AhR and increased adverse effects on lungs. Specifically, 1-nitropyrene exhibited stabler binding conformation and stronger AhR expression. In addition, sensitivity of pyrene and its derivatives to AhR activation was attributed to type and number of key amino acids in AhR, that is, pyrene (Leu293), 1-nitropyrene (Cys333, Met348, and Val381), 1-hydroxypyrene (Leu293 and Phe287), and 1-methylpyrene (Met348). In summary, we provide a universal approach for understanding action mechanisms of PAH derivatives on human health, and their adverse effects should be taken seriously.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico , Humanos , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade , Pirenos/toxicidade , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo
16.
World J Pediatr ; 20(1): 11-25, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading global cause of respiratory infections and is responsible for about 3 million hospitalizations and more than 100,000 deaths annually in children younger than 5 years, representing a major global healthcare burden. There is a great unmet need for new agents and universal strategies to prevent RSV infections in early life. A multidisciplinary consensus development group comprising experts in epidemiology, infectious diseases, respiratory medicine, and methodology aims to develop the current consensus to address clinical issues of RSV infections in children. DATA SOURCES: The evidence searches and reviews were conducted using electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library, using variations in terms for "respiratory syncytial virus", "RSV", "lower respiratory tract infection", "bronchiolitis", "acute", "viral pneumonia", "neonatal", "infant" "children", and "pediatric". RESULTS: Evidence-based recommendations regarding diagnosis, treatment, and prevention were proposed with a high degree of consensus. Although supportive care remains the cornerstone for the management of RSV infections, new monoclonal antibodies, vaccines, drug therapies, and viral surveillance techniques are being rolled out. CONCLUSIONS: This consensus, based on international and national scientific evidence, reinforces the current recommendations and integrates the recent advances for optimal care and prevention of RSV infections. Further improvements in the management of RSV infections will require generating the highest quality of evidence through rigorously designed studies that possess little bias and sufficient capacity to identify clinically meaningful end points.


Assuntos
Bronquiolite , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Infecções Respiratórias , Criança , Humanos , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/diagnóstico , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/prevenção & controle , Consenso , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Hospitalização
17.
Apoptosis ; 29(1-2): 169-190, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37713112

RESUMO

Cuprotosis, an emerging mode of cell death, has recently caught the attention of researchers worldwide. However, its impact on low-grade glioma (LGG) patients has not been fully explored. To gain a deeper insight into the relationship between cuprotosis and LGG patients' prognosis, we conducted this study in which LGG patients were divided into two clusters based on the expression of 18 cuprotosis-related genes. We found that LGG patients in cluster A had better prognosis than those in cluster B. The two clusters also differed in terms of immune cell infiltration and biological functions. Moreover, we identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two clusters and developed a cuprotosis-related prognostic signature through the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis in the TCGA training cohort. This signature divided LGG patients into high- and low-risk groups, with the high-risk group having significantly shorter overall survival (OS) time than the low-risk group. Its predictive reliability for prognosis in LGG patients was confirmed by the TCGA internal validation cohort, CGGA325 cohort and CGGA693 cohort. Additionally, a nomogram was used to predict the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates of each patient. The analysis of immune checkpoints and tumor mutation burden (TMB) has revealed that individuals belonging to high-risk groups have a greater chance of benefiting from immunotherapy. Functional experiments confirmed that interfering with the signature gene TNFRSF11B inhibited LGG cell proliferation and migration. Overall, this study shed light on the importance of cuprotosis in LGG patient prognosis. The cuprotosis-related prognostic signature is a reliable predictor for patient outcomes and immunotherapeutic response and can help to develop new therapies for LGG.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Glioma , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Morte Celular , Glioma/genética , Glioma/terapia , Imunoterapia
18.
Exp Dermatol ; 33(1): e14926, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37702410

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which defective T cells, immune complex deposition and other immune system alterations contribute to pathological changes of multiple organ systems. The vitamin D metabolite c is a critical immunomodulator playing pivotal roles in the immune system. Epidemiological evidence indicates that vitamin D deficiency is correlated with the severity of SLE. Our aim is to investigate the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 (VitD3) on the activation of myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) by autologous DNA-containing immune complex (DNA-ICs), and the effects of VitD3 on immune system balance during SLE. We purified DNA-ICs from the serum of SLE patients and isolated mDCs from normal subjects. In vitro studies showed that DNA-ICs were internalized and consumed by mDCs. VitD3 blocked the effects of DNA-ICs on RelB, IL-10 and TNF-α in mDCs. Further analysis indicated that DNA-ICs stimulated histone acetylation in the RelB promoter region, which was inhibited by VitD3. Knockdown of the histone deacetylase 3 gene (HDAC3) blocked these VitD3-mediated effects. Co-culture of mDCs and CD4+ T cells showed that VitD3 inhibited multiple processes mediated by DNA-ICs, including proliferation, downregulation of IL-10, TGF-ß and upregulation of TNF-α. Moreover, VitD3 could also reverse the effects of DNA-IC-induced imbalance of CD4+ CD127- Foxp3+ T cells and CD4+ IL17+ T cells. Taken together, our results indicated that autologous DNA-ICs stimulate the activation of mDCs in the pathogenesis of SLE, and VitD3 inhibits this stimulatory effects of DNA-ICs by negative transcriptional regulation of RelB gene and maintaining the Treg/Th17 immune cell balance. These results suggest that vitamin D may have therapeutic value for the treatment of SLE.


Assuntos
Colecalciferol , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , Colecalciferol/farmacologia , Interleucina-10 , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Inflamação , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , DNA
19.
Eco Environ Health ; 2(1): 32-39, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38074450

RESUMO

Personal care products (PCPs) inevitably come into contact with the skin in people's daily life, potentially causing adverse effects on human health. The adverse effects can be exacerbated under UV irradiation but are rarely studied. In this study, to clearly understand the damage of representative PCPs to human skin and their photochemical transformation behaviors, fragrance tonalide (AHTN) was measured in the presence of amino acids as a basic building block of human tissue. The results showed that amino acids could decelerate the photochemical transformation rate of AHTN, increasing the likelihood of AHNT persisting on the skin surface and the health risk to the human being. Further, the interaction between amino acids and AHTN was investigated. AHTN could play bidirectional roles in damaging amino acids: the photosensitizer and reactive activator. As a photosensitizer, the 1O2 generated from the AHTN photosensitization was partly employed to oxidative damage amino acids. Furthermore, by combining experiments with quantum chemical computation, the carbonyl group of the activator AHTN was found to be the active site to activate the N-containing group of amino acids. The activation mechanism was the electron transfer between AHTN and amino acids. Imines formed during the photochemical transformation of AHTN with histidine/glycine were the molecular initiating event for potential skin sensitization. This study reported for the first time that skin photosensitizer formation threatens human health during the photochemical transformation of AHTN.

20.
J Adv Res ; 2023 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38065407

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The proportion of animal based foods in daily diet of consumers is constantly increasing, with chicken being highly favored due to its high protein and low fat characteristics. The consumption of chicken around the world is steadily increasing. Intramuscular fat (IMF) is a key indicator affecting meat quality. OBJECT: High IMF content can contribute to improve the quality of chicken meat. The regulatory mechanism of IMF deposition in chicken is poorly understood, so its complete elucidation is essential to improve chicken meat quality. METHOD: Here, we performed whole genome resequencing on 516 yellow feather chickens and single-cell RNA sequencing on 3 63-day-old female JXY chickens. In addition, transcriptome sequencing techniques were also performed on breast muscle tissue of JXY chickens at different developmental stages. And 13C isotope tracing technique was applied. RESULTS: In this study, a large-scale genetic analysis of an IMF-selected population and a control population identified fatty acid synthase (FASN) as a key gene for improving IMF content. Also, contrary to conventional view, de novo lipogenesis (DNL) was deemed to be an important contributor to IMF deposition. As expected, further analyses by isotope tracing and other techniques, confirmed that DNL mainly occurs in myocytes, contributing about 40% of the total fatty acids through the regulation of FASN, using the available FAs as substrates. Additionally, we also identified a relevant causal mutation in the FASN gene with effects on FA composition. CONCLUSION: These findings contribute to the understanding of fat metabolism in muscle tissue of poultry, and provide the feasible strategy for the production of high-quality chicken meat.

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