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Comput Biol Med ; 170: 108090, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320341


The U-shaped convolutional neural network (CNN) has attained remarkable achievements in the segmentation of skin lesion. However, given the inherent locality of convolution, this architecture cannot capture long-range pixel dependencies and multiscale global contextual information effectively. Moreover, repeated convolutions and downsampling operations can readily result in the omission of intricate local fine-grained details. In this paper, we proposed a U-shaped network (DBNet-SI) equipped with a dual-branch module that combines shift window attention and inception structures. First, we proposed a dual-branch module that combines shift window attention and inception structures (MSI) to better capture multiscale global contextual information and long-range pixel dependencies. Specifically, we have devised a cross-branch bidirectional interaction module within the MSI module to enable information complementarity between the two branches in the channel and spatial dimensions. Therefore, MSI is capable of extracting distinguishing and comprehensive features to accurately identify the skin lesion boundaries. Second, we have devised a progressive feature enhancement and information compensation module (PFEIC), which progressively compensates for fine-grained features through reconstructed skip connections and integrated global context attention modules. The results of the experiment show the superior segmentation performance of DBNet-SI compared with other deep learning models for skin lesion segmentation in the ISIC2017 and ISIC2018 datasets. Ablation studies demonstrate that our model can effectively extract rich multiscale global contextual information and compensate for the loss of local details.

Redes Neurais de Computação , Dermatopatias , Humanos , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador