Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 618
Filtrar
1.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1333089, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601301

RESUMO

Timely and accurate estimation of cotton seedling emergence rate is of great significance to cotton production. This study explored the feasibility of drone-based remote sensing in monitoring cotton seedling emergence. The visible and multispectral images of cotton seedlings with 2 - 4 leaves in 30 plots were synchronously obtained by drones. The acquired images included cotton seedlings, bare soil, mulching films, and PE drip tapes. After constructing 17 visible VIs and 14 multispectral VIs, three strategies were used to separate cotton seedlings from the images: (1) Otsu's thresholding was performed on each vegetation index (VI); (2) Key VIs were extracted based on results of (1), and the Otsu-intersection method and three machine learning methods were used to classify cotton seedlings, bare soil, mulching films, and PE drip tapes in the images; (3) Machine learning models were constructed using all VIs and validated. Finally, the models constructed based on two modeling strategies [Otsu-intersection (OI) and machine learning (Support Vector Machine (SVM), Random Forest (RF), and K-nearest neighbor (KNN)] showed a higher accuracy. Therefore, these models were selected to estimate cotton seedling emergence rate, and the estimates were compared with the manually measured emergence rate. The results showed that multispectral VIs, especially NDVI, RVI, SAVI, EVI2, OSAVI, and MCARI, had higher crop seedling extraction accuracy than visible VIs. After fusing all VIs or key VIs extracted based on Otsu's thresholding, the binary image purity was greatly improved. Among the fusion methods, the Key VIs-OI and All VIs-KNN methods yielded less noises and small errors, with a RMSE (root mean squared error) as low as 2.69% and a MAE (mean absolute error) as low as 2.15%. Therefore, fusing multiple VIs can increase crop image segmentation accuracy. This study provides a new method for rapidly monitoring crop seedling emergence rate in the field, which is of great significance for the development of modern agriculture.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456863

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Strong gaming motivations can lead to gaming-related health problems, but how gaming motivations are formed is unclear. Therefore, we examined the impact of early life experiences on gaming motivations. METHODS: Questionnaire data on the gaming motivations, adverse childhood experiences, and social support of 2,171 teenaged online game players were modeled using moderated network analysis. RESULTS: All adverse childhood experience components positively correlated with achievement and escapism motivations (weight range: 0.08-0.40). Social support from friends (weight = -0.04) negatively moderated the relationship between achievement motivation and other adverse childhood experiences and positively moderated (weight = 0.01) the relationship between escapism motivation and familial dysfunction. DISCUSSION: The findings indicate that adverse childhood experiences foster negative gaming motivations. Additionally, social support moderates the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and gaming motivations. These findings offer valuable insights that nursing practitioners can apply to gaming-related health problem interventions and prevention in teenagers.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 355: 50-56, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delirium is an acute or subacute change in mental status caused by various factors. We evaluated the causal relationship between leisure sedentary behaviors (LSBs) and delirium. METHODS: A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study was performed to evaluate the causal relationship between sedentary behaviors (time spent watching television, time spent using computer, and time spent driving) and delirium. Statistical information for the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the traits of interest was obtained from independent consortia that focused on European populations. The dataset for LSBs was acquired from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) comprising a substantial sample size: 437887 samples for time spent watching television, 360,895 for time spent using computer, and 310,555 for time spent driving. A GWAS with 1269 delirium cases and 209,487 controls was used to identify genetic variation underlying the time of LSBs. We used five complementary MR methods, including inverse variance weighted method (IVW), MR-Egger, weighted median, weighted mode, and simple mode. RESULTS: Genetically predicted time spent watching television (odds ratio [OR]: 2.921, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.381-6.179) demonstrated significant association with delirium (P = 0.005), whereas no significant associations were observed between time spent using computer (OR: 0.556, 95 % CI: 0.246-1.257, P = 0.158) and time spent driving (OR: 1.747, 95 % CI: 0.09-3. 40, P = 0.713) and delirium. Sensitivity analyses supported a causal interpretation, with limited evidence of significant bias from genetic pleiotropy. Moreover, our MR assumptions appeared to be upheld, enhancing the credibility of our conclusions. LIMITATIONS: Larger sample sizes are needed to validate the findings of our study. CONCLUSION: Time spent watching television is a significant risk factor for delirium. Reducing television time may be an important intervention for those at higher risk of delirium.

4.
Langmuir ; 40(12): 6394-6401, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483330

RESUMO

The enormous demand for petroleum consumption has resulted in the shortage of fossil resources, prompting the need to explore unconventional reservoirs. Polyacrylamide emulsion drag reducers are capable of inhibiting the turbulence of fracturing fluids for enhancing the reservoir stimulation results, but the poor dissolution efficiency of polyacrylamide emulsion drag reducers is the primary limitation to their large-scale application. Here, a pH-responsive ionic liquid surfactant, oleic acid/cyclohexanediamine (HOA/HMDA), is synthesized by using oleic acid (HOA) and cyclohexanediamine (HMDA). HOA/HMDA shows a remarkable pH-responsive behavior due to the pH-induced deconstruction of the HOA/HMDA structure. Interestingly, the HOA/HMDA-stabilized monomer emulsion exhibits an obvious pH-induced emulsion structure transformation behavior. In addition, the HOA/HMDA-stabilized monomer emulsion possesses excellent dynamic and storage stability, supporting the inverse emulsion polymerization of the polymer P(AM/AMPS/AA). The obtained P(AM/AMPS/AA) polymer inverse emulsions maintained stability for 30 days. Our finding proposes that the structure of the P(AM/AMPS/AA) polymer inverse emulsions changes with pH stimulation, which is capable of facilitating the release of polymers. P(AM/AMPS/AA) is released from the P(AM/AMPS/AA) polymer inverse emulsions within 30 s at a pH value of 12.06, along with a drag reduction rate of 62.54%. Obviously, the HOA/HMDA-stabilized P(AM/AMPS/AA) polymer inverse emulsions eliminate the contradiction between the stability and release of polyacrylamide emulsion drag reducers, which is promising for meeting the demands of reservoir stimulation.

5.
J Med Virol ; 96(3): e29561, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511535

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in children and the distribution of disease spectrum in hospitalized patients in Shandong Province. A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of children with EBV infection admitted to hospitals in Shandong Province from January 2022 to December 2022. The epidemiological characteristics, including age, gender, and clinical manifestations, were analyzed. The detection rate of EBV antibodies and the seropositivity rates of different antibodies were also examined. A total of 7124 children with EBV infection were included in this study, with an average age of 7.5 years. The male-to-female ratio was 1.43:1. Among the patients, the positive detection rate of EBV antibodies was 78.40%. The seropositivity rate of Epstein-Barr viral capsid antigen-Immunoglobin G antibodies was 57.09%. The highest incidence of EBV infection was observed in the age group 36-72 months. The urban positive rate was higher than that in rural areas. EBV infection in children in Shandong Province exhibits specific epidemiological characteristics, with a higher incidence in the age group of 36-72 months. Fever, sore throat, and fatigue are the main clinical manifestations. The detection rate of EBV antibodies is relatively high among hospitalized patients. These findings provide valuable information for controlling the transmission of children with suspected Epstein-Barr virus infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Anticorpos Antivirais , Hospitalização
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(11): e37540, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489682

RESUMO

This study is an observation of the early screening and treatment effect of infant developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in an area in China. From January 2016 to December 2017, we selected infants and toddlers with high-risk factors for DDH, such as asymmetric gluteal folds, unequal length of lower limbs, and limited hip joint abduction, who visited the Department of Child Health Care and the Outpatient Clinic of Pediatric Orthopedics at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University. In total, 1485 cases were divided into age groups, examined using Graf ultrasound and X-ray, and the results were analyzed. Meanwhile, early interventions were actively adopted for cases with abnormalities during the screening. The detection rates of DDH were 24.0%, 2.8%, 9.3%, and 12.2% among those with 0 to 6 months, 7 to 12 months, 13 to 18 months, and 19 to 24 months of age, respectively. Early and individualized corrective conservative treatment was considered for children with abnormalities, and the cure rates were 87.0%, 65.7%, 41.0%, and 16.7% among those with 0 to 6 months, 7 to 12 months, 13 to 18 months, and 19 to 24 months of age, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the detection and cure rates of DDH in infants and toddlers of different ages (P < .01).


Assuntos
Displasia do Desenvolvimento do Quadril , Luxação Congênita de Quadril , Lactente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/epidemiologia , Radiografia , Extremidade Inferior , Ultrassonografia/efeitos adversos
7.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 33(6): 107683, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is often influenced by hematoma volume, a well-established predictor of poor outcome. However, the optimal intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) volume cutoff for predicting poor outcome remains unknown. METHODS: We analyzed 313 patients with spontaneous ICH not undergoing evacuation, including 7 cases with external ventricular drainage (EVD). These patients underwent a baseline CT scan, followed by a 24-hour CT scan for measurement of both hematoma and IVH volume. We defined hematoma growth as hematoma growth > 33 % or 6 mL at follow-up CT, and poor outcome as modified Rankin Scale score≥3 at three months. Cutoffs with optimal sensitivity and specificity for predicting poor outcome were identified using receiver operating curves. RESULTS: The receiver operating characteristic analysis identified 6 mL as the optimal cutoff for predicting poor outcome. IVH volume> 6 mL was observed in 53 (16.9 %) of 313 patients. Patients with IVH volume>6 mL were more likely to be older and had higher NIHSS score and lower GCS score than those without. IVH volume>6 mL (adjusted OR 2.43, 95 % CI 1.13-5.30; P = 0.026) was found to be an independent predictor of poor clinical outcome at three months in multivariable regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal IVH volume cutoff represents a powerful tool for improving the prediction of poor outcome in patients with ICH, particularly in the absence of clot evacuation or common use of EVD. Small amounts of intraventricular blood are not independently associated with poor outcome in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. The utilization of optimal IVH volume cutoffs may improve the clinical trial design by targeting ICH patients that will obtain maximal benefit from therapies.

8.
Opt Lett ; 49(3): 542-545, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300054

RESUMO

We developed a resolved Raman sideband cooling scheme that can efficiently prepare a single optically trapped cesium (Cs) atom in its motional ground states. A two-photon Raman process between two outermost Zeeman sublevels in a single hyperfine state is applied to reduce the phonon number. Our scheme is less sensitive to the variation in the magnetic field than the commonly used scheme where the two outermost Zeeman sublevels belonging to the two separate ground hyperfine states are taken. Fast optical pumping with less spontaneous emission guarantees the efficiency of the cooling process. After cooling for 50 ms, 82% of the Cs atoms populate their three-dimensional ground states. Our scheme improves the long-term stability of Raman sideband cooling in the presence of magnetic field drift and is thus suitable for cooling other trapped atoms or ions with abundant magnetic sublevels.

9.
NPJ Vaccines ; 9(1): 28, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341504

RESUMO

Hantaan virus (HTNV) is a pathogenic orthohantavirus prevalent in East Asia that is known to cause hemorrhagic fever with severe renal syndrome (HFRS), which has a high fatality rate. However, a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved vaccine is not currently available against this virus. Although inactivated vaccines have been certified and used in endemic regions for decades, the neutralizing antibody (NAb) titer induced by inactivated vaccines is low and the immunization schedule is complicated, requiring at least three injections spanning approximately 6 months to 1 year. Replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-based vaccines provide prolonged protection after a single injection. In this study, we successfully engineered the HTNV glycoprotein (GP) in the VSV genome by replacing the VSV-G open reading frame. The resulting recombinant (r) rVSV-HTNV-GP was rescued, and the immunogenicity of GP was similar to that of HTNV. BALB/c mice immunized with rVSV-HTNV-GP showed a high titer of NAb against HTNV after a single injection. Notably, the cross-reactive NAb response induced by rVSV-HTNV-GP against Seoul virus (an orthohantavirus) was higher than that induced by three sequential injections of inactivated vaccines. Upon challenge with HTNV, rVSV-HTNV-GP-immunized mice showed a profoundly reduced viral burden in multiple tissues, and inflammation in the lungs and liver was nearly undetectable. Moreover, a single injection of rVSV-HTNV-GP established a prolonged immunological memory status as the NAbs were sustained for over 1 year and provided long-term protection against HTNV infection. The findings of our study can support further development of an rVSV-HTNV-GP-based HTNV vaccine with a simplified immunization schedule.

10.
J Phys Chem A ; 128(9): 1611-1619, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382059

RESUMO

Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters based on the triptycene skeleton demonstrate exceptional performance, superior stability, and low efficiency roll-off. Understanding the interplay between the luminescent properties of triptycene-TADF molecules and their assembly environments, along with their excited-state characteristics, necessitates a comprehensive theoretical exploration. Herein, we predict the photophysical properties of triptycene-TADF molecules in a thin film environment using the quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics method and quantify their substantial dependency on the heavy atom effects and reorganization energies using the Marcus-Levich theory. Our calculated photophysical properties for two recently reported molecules closely align with experimental values. We design three novel triptycene-TADF molecules by incorporating chalcogen elements (O, S, and Se) to modify the acceptor units. These newly designed molecules exhibit reduced reorganization energies and enhanced reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rates. The heavy atom effect amplifies spin-orbit coupling, thereby facilitating the RISC process, particularly at a remarkably high rate of ∼109 s-1.

11.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 58, 2024 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336692

RESUMO

AIM: Patients with diabetes mellitus have poor prognosis after myocardial ischemic injury. However, the mechanism is unclear and there are no related therapies. We aimed to identify regulators of diabetic myocardial ischemic injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mass spectrometry-based, non-targeted metabolomic approach was used to profile coronary sinus blood from diabetic and non-diabetic Bama-mini pigs at 0.5-h post coronary artery ligation. Six metabolites had a |log2 (Fold Change)|> 1.3. Among them, the most changed is arachidonic acid (AA), levels of which were 32 times lower in diabetic pigs than in non-diabetic pigs. The AA-derived products, PGI2 and 6-keto-PGF1α, were also significantly reduced. AA treatment of cultured cardiomyocytes protected against cell death by 30% at 48 h of high glucose and oxygen deprivation, which coincided with increased mitophagic activity (as indicated by increased LC3II/LC3I, decreased p62 and increased parkin & PINK1), improved mitochondrial renewal (upregulation of Drp1 and FIS1), reduced ROS generation and increased ATP production. These cardioprotective effects were abolished by PINK1(a crucial mitophagy protein) knockdown or the autophagy inhibitor 3-Methyladenine. The protective effect of AA was also inhibited by indomethacin and Cay10441, a prostacyclin receptor antagonist. Furthermore, diabetic Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to coronary ligation for 40 min and AA treatment (10 mg/day per animal gavaged) decreased myocardial infarct size, cell apoptosis index, inflammatory cytokines and improved heart function. Scanning electron microscopy showed more intact mitochondria in the border zone of infarcted myocardium in AA treated rats. Lastly, diabetic patients after myocardial infarction had lower plasma levels of AA and 6-keto-PGF1α and reduced cardiac ejection fraction, compared with non-diabetic patients after myocardial infarction. Plasma AA level was inversely correlated with fasting blood glucose. CONCLUSIONS: AA protects against diabetic ischemic myocardial damage by promoting mitochondrial autophagy and renewal, which is related to AA derived PGI2 signaling. AA may represent a new strategy to treat diabetic myocardial ischemic injury.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Suínos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ácido Araquidônico/farmacologia , Porco Miniatura/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Apoptose
12.
J Environ Manage ; 354: 120347, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359628

RESUMO

Owing to the abundant silicon content in coal gangue, its conversion into fertilizer can help address large-scale storage. Nonetheless, the rapid release of silicon in coal gangue poses challenges for plants to fully utilize it. A slow-release fertilizer prepared by ferric/phosphorus composite coating on coal gangue (C@SP) was developed in the study. The findings revealed that the C@SP can facilitate slow release of Si and enhance the stabilization of As, Pb, and Cr in soil. C@SP can react with As and Cr to form stable Fe-As-PO4 and Fe-Cr-PO4 compounds. The -OH in C@SP can combine with Pb, transforming it into insoluble Pb, which was then integrated into the crystal structure with ferric/phosphorus composite or Fe(III)-oxyhydroxysulfate to create a more stable form. The silicon release was promoted by the conversion of the passivation film to iron oxides. Thus, the fertilizer holds promise for application in environmental activities.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos , Silício , Fertilizantes , Chumbo , Fósforo , Carvão Mineral , Ferro , Solo
13.
Acta Trop ; 252: 107138, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307363

RESUMO

Ticks are small and adaptable arachnid ectoparasites and global carriers of various pathogens that threaten both human and animal health. They are present in many parts of China. A total of 858 ticks were collected from various regions and hosts, then subjected to species identification based on morphological and molecular characteristics, as described in the authors' previous study. Eighty-three individual tick samples were selected for screening pathogens based on metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. The genomic DNA of tick species was extracted, and amplification of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was carried out from DNA of individual ticks using V3-V4 hypervariable regions, before subjecting to metagenomic analysis. Each tick underwent specific PCR tests for identifying the bacterial species present, including Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Coxiella, and Rickettsia, and also protozoans such as Babesia, Theileria, and Hepatozoon. Illumina NovaSeq sequencing results revealed that the dominant phylum and family in Rhipicephalus spp. were Bacteroidota and Muribaculaceae, respectively. Alpha diversity patterns varied depending on tick sex (R. linnaei only), species and location, but not on host. Furthermore, bacterial pathogens, including A. marginale (58 %, 29/50), A. platys (6 %, 3/50), E. minasensis (2 %, 1/50), Ehrlichia sp. (10 %, 5/50), T. sinensis (24 %, 12/50), T. orientalis (54 %, 27/50) and Coxiella-like bacteria (CLB) (80 %, 40/50) were detected in R. microplus, while E. canis (33.33 %, 10/30), H. canis (20 %, 6/30) and CLB (100 %, 30/30) were detected in R. linnaei. Also, Anaplasma sp. (33.33 %, 1/3), A. marginale (33.33 %, 1/3), R. felis (33.33 %, 1/3) and CLB (100 %, 3/3) were detected in R. haemaphysaloides. Dual and triple co-infections involving pathogens or CLB were detected in 84.00 % of R. microplus, 66.66 % of R. haemaphysaloides, and 33.00 % of R. linnaei. The report on microbial communities and pathogens, which found from Rhipicephalus spp. in Hainan Island, is an important step towards a better understanding of tick-borne disease transmission. This is the first report in the area on the presence of Anaplasma sp., A. marginale, R. felis and Coxiella, in R. haemaphysaloides.


Assuntos
Ixodidae , Rhipicephalus , Rickettsia , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos , Animais , Bovinos , Cães , Humanos , Ixodidae/genética , Ixodidae/microbiologia , Rhipicephalus/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/veterinária , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/microbiologia , Ehrlichia/genética , Rickettsia/genética , Anaplasma/genética , DNA , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
14.
Heart Lung Circ ; 33(2): 251-259, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307791

RESUMO

AIM: Hyperkinetic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complication of congenital heart disease. Gene therapy is a new experimental treatment for PAH, and ultrasound-mediated gene-carrying microbubble targeted delivery is a promising development for gene transfer. METHODS: This study successfully established a hyperkinetic PAH rabbit model by a common carotid artery and jugular vein shunt using the cuff style method. Liposome microbubbles carrying the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene were successfully constructed. An in vitro experiment evaluated the appropriate intensity of ultrasonic radiation by Western blots and 3H-TdR incorporation assays. In an in vivo experiment, after transfection of ultrasound-mediated HGF gene microbubbles, catheterisation was applied to collect haemodynamic data. Hypertrophy of the right ventricle was evaluated by measuring the right ventricle hypertrophy index. Western blot and immunohistochemistry analyses were used to detect the expression of human (h)HGF and angiogenic effects, respectively. RESULTS: The most appropriate ultrasonic radiation intensity was 1.0 W/cm2 for 5 minutes. Two weeks after transfection, both systolic pulmonary arterial pressure and mean pulmonary arterial pressure were attenuated. Hypertrophy of the right ventricle was reversed. hHGF was transplanted into the rabbits, resulting in a high expression of hHGF protein and an increase in the number of small pulmonary arteries. Ultrasound-mediated HGF gene microbubble therapy was more effective at attenuating PAH and increasing the density of small pulmonary arteries than single HGF plasmid transfection. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-mediated HGF gene microbubbles significantly improved the target of gene therapy in a rabbit PAH model and enhanced the tropism and transfection rates. Thus, the technique can effectively promote small pulmonary angiogenesis and play a role in the treatment of PAH without adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Animais , Coelhos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Microbolhas , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/genética , Hipertensão Pulmonar Primária Familiar , Hipertrofia
15.
Eur Stroke J ; : 23969873241232327, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372251

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are main forms of hemorrhagic stroke. Data regarding cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) burden and incidental small lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) following aSAH are sparse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a prospective cohort of aSAH and ICH patients with brain MRI within 30 days after onset from March 2015 to January 2023. White matter hyperintensity (WMH), lacune, perivascular space, cerebral microbleed (CMB), total SVD score, and incidental DWI lesions were assessed and compared between aSAH and ICH. Clinical and radiological characteristics associated with small DWI lesions in aSAH were investigated. RESULTS: We included 180 patients with aSAH (median age [IQR] 53 [47-61] years) and 299 with ICH (63 [53-73] years). DWI lesions were more common in aSAH than ICH (47.8% vs 14.4%, p < 0.001). Higher total SVD score was associated with ICH versus aSAH irrespective of hematoma location, whereas DWI lesions and strictly lobar CMBs were correlated with aSAH. Multivariable analysis showed that shorter time from onset to MRI, anterior circulation aneurysm rupture, CMB ⩾ 5, and total SVD score were associated with DWI lesions in aSAH. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Incidental DWI lesions and strictly lobar CMBs were more frequent in aSAH versus ICH whereas ICH had higher SVD burden. Incidental DWI lesions in aSAH were associated with multiple clinical and imaging factors. Longitudinal studies to investigate the dynamic change and prognostic value of the covert hemorrhagic and ischemic lesions in aSAH seem justified.

16.
Neurospine ; 21(1): 231-243, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes and biomechanical characteristics of 1-, 2-, and 3-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO), and establish selection criteria based on preoperative radiographic parameters. METHODS: Patients undergone PSO to treat ankylosing spondylitis from February 2009 to May 2019 in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were enrolled. According to the quantity of osteotomy performed, the participants were divided into group A (1-level PSO, n = 24), group B (2-level PSO, n = 19), and group C (3-level PSO, n = 11). Clinical outcomes were assessed before surgery and at the final follow-up. Comparisons of the radiographic parameters and quality-of-life indicators were performed among and within these groups, and the selection criteria were established by regression. Finite element analysis was conducted to compare the biomechanical characteristics of the spine treated with different quantity of osteotomies under different working conditions. RESULTS: Three-level PSO improved the sagittal parameters more significantly, but resulted in longer operative time and greater blood loss (p < 0.05). Greater stress was found in the proximal screws and proximal junction area of the vertebra in the model simulating 1-level PSO. Larger stress of screws and vertebra was observed at the distal end in the model simulating 3-level PSO. CONCLUSION: Multilevel PSO works better for larger deformity correction than single-level PSO by allowing greater sagittal parameter correction and obtaining a better distribution of stress in the hardware construct, although with longer operation time and greater blood loss. Three-level osteotomy is recommended for the patients with preoperative of global kyphosis > 85.95°, T1 pelvic angle > 62.3°, sagittal vertical alignment > 299.55 mm, and pelvic tilt+ chin-brow vertical angle > 109.6°.

17.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 196: 104298, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of cabozantinib has attracted interest in various solid tumors. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of hepatotoxicity associated with cabozantinib in the patients with cancer. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases were searched for published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inception to September 9, 2023. The mainly outcomes were all-grade and grade ≥3 elevation of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), expressed as relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). All data were pooled using fixed-effect or random-effects models according to the heterogeneity of the included RCTs. RESULTS: Among the 922 records identified, 8 RCTs incorporating 2613 patients with cancer were included. For patients receiving cabozantinib, the relative risks of all-grade AST elevation (RR, 2.63; 95% CI, 2.16-3.20, P < 0.001), all-grade ALT elevation (RR, 2.89; 95% CI, 2.31-3.60, P < 0.001), grade ≥3 AST elevation (RR, 2.26; 95% CI, 1.34-3.83, P = 0.002), and grade ≥3 ALT elevation (RR, 3.40; 95% CI, 1.65-7.01, P < 0.001) were higher than those of patients who did not receive cabozantinib group. Further subgroup analysis showed that the relative risk of hepatotoxicity associated with cabozantinib was higher than that in the other TKIs (erlotinib, sunitinib, and sorafenib) and the non-TKI drug groups (everolimus, prednisone, mitoxantrone, and paclitaxel). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with other solid tumor drugs, such as everolimus, sorafenib, sunitinib, paclitaxel, mitoxantrone-prednisone et al., cabozantinib has a higher risk of hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Anilidas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Piridinas , Humanos , Everolimo , Sunitinibe , Mitoxantrona , Sorafenibe , Prednisona , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Paclitaxel
18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(7): 6420-6428, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317611

RESUMO

Recently, thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) molecules with through-space charge transfer (TSCT) features have been widely applied in developing organic light-emitting diodes with high luminescence efficiencies. The performance of TSCT-TADF molecules depends highly on their molecular structures. Therefore, theoretical investigation plays a significant role in designing novel highly efficient TSCT-TADF molecules. Herein, we theoretically investigate two recently reported TSCT-TADF molecules, 1'-(2,12-di-t-butyl[1,4]benzoxaborinino[2,3,4-kl]phenoxaborinin-7-yl)-10-phenyl-10H-spiro[acridine-9,9'-fluorene] (AC-BO) and 1-(2,12-di-t-butyl[1,4]benzoxaborinino[2,3,4-kl]phenoxaborinin-7-yl)-9',9'-dimethyl-9'H-spiro [fluorene-9,5'-quinolino[3,2,1-de]acridine](QAC-BO). The calculated photophysical properties (e.g. excited state energy levels and luminescence properties) for these two compounds are in good agreement with experimental data. Based on the systematic analysis of structure-performance relationships, we design three novel TSCT-TADF molecules with high molecular rigidity and evident TSCT features, i.e., DQAC-DBO, DQAC-SBO, and DQAC-NBO. They exhibit deep-blue light emissions and fast reverse intersystem crossing rates (KRISCs). Our calculations demonstrate that the nearly coplanar orientation of the donor and acceptor is critical to achieve remarkable KRISCs and fluorescence efficiencies in TSCT-TADF molecules.

19.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(1): 12, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38231411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The introduction of the anti-PD-1 antibody has greatly improved the clinical outcomes of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of PD-1 antibody-based therapy in patients with locally advanced inoperable or metastatic NSCLC and reported an association between peripheral blood biomarkers and clinical response in these patients. METHODS: This single-center study included medical record data of patients with NSCLC treated with the PD-1 antibody as a first-line or subsequent line of treatment, either as monotherapy or in combination with chemotherapy. The patients were enrolled from 2020 to 2022. We dynamically evaluated multiple Th1 and Th2 cytokines in the blood serum and analyzed the phenotype of T cells from the peripheral blood to explore the correlation between cytokine levels, T cell phenotypes, and clinical response. RESULTS: A total of 88 patients with stage IIIA-IV NSCLC were enrolled, out of which 60 (68.18%) achieved a partial response (PR), 13 (14.77%) had stable disease (SD), and 15 (17.05%) experienced disease progression (PD). The disease control rate was 82.95%. Our results suggested a significant reduction (P = 0.002, P < 0.005) in lymphocyte absolute counts after treatment in patients with PD. Higher levels of IFN-γ (P = 0.023, P < 0.05), TNF-α (P = 0.00098, P < 0.005), IL-4 (P = 0.0031, P < 0.005), IL-5 (P = 0.0015, P < 0.005), and IL-10 (P = 0.036, P < 0.05) were detected in the peripheral blood before treatment in the PR group compared to the PD group. Moreover, patients with high levels of IL-5, IL-13, IL-4, IL-6, IFN-γ, and TNF-α (> 10 ng/mL) had superior progression-free survival compared to those with low levels (< 10 ng/mL). Furthermore, PD-1 expression on CD8+ T cells was higher in patients who showed a PR than in those who did not show a response (SD + PD; P = 0.042, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study imply that the decrease in absolute blood lymphocyte counts after treatment is correlated with disease progression. Serum cytokine levels may predict the effectiveness and survival rates of anti-PD-1 blockade therapy in patients with NSCLC. In addition, PD-1 expression on CD8+ T cells was positively associated with better clinical response. Our findings highlight the potential of peripheral blood biomarkers to predict the effectiveness of PD-1-targeted treatments in patients with NSCLC. Larger prospective studies are warranted to further clarify the value of these biomarkers.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Interleucina-4 , Interleucina-5 , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Biomarcadores , Citocinas , Progressão da Doença
20.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(1)2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254972

RESUMO

Dwarfing and the selection of optimal plant types constitute the primary focus of sorghum breeding. However, the lack of clarity regarding the gene types associated with plant height genes Dw1-Dw4 in the primary breeding materials has led to increased plant heights in improved offspring of the same plant height type, resulting in unsatisfactory morphological traits. This study aimed to elucidate the gene types related to plant height in breeding materials, validate the regulatory mechanisms, and establish a material improvement system. The goal was to achieve molecular-marker-assisted dwarf breeding through the detection of plant height genes and the test cross verification of main Chinese sorghum materials. Using 38 main male sterile lines and 57 main restorer lines of grain sorghum as materials, three plant height genes were detected and classified. Ninety-five F1 generation hybrids of these materials, along with typical materials, were measured at the wax maturity stage. Test cross results demonstrated that the variation in dw1-dw3 genes in the breeding materials significantly influenced the plant height of hybrid offspring. The main male sterile lines in Chinese sorghum predominantly exhibited the "three-dwarf" type of Kafir and its improved lines, characterized by the genotype (Dw1-Dw2-dw3-dw4). On the other hand, restorer lines mainly showcased the improved "two-dwarf" (Dw1-Dw2-dw3-dw4) genotype of the Kaoliang/Caudatum subspecies, along with the "three-dwarf" type of some Kafir and its improved lines. The test materials predominantly contained dw3 genes, with relatively fewer dw1 genes in the restorer lines. The primary restorer materials lacked the dw2 gene, and dw2 significantly influenced plant type. The increased plant height in improved offspring of the same plant height type material was attributed to differences in gene types. Therefore, the enhancement of plant height in breeding materials should prioritize the use of different methods in conjunction with Dw1 and Dw2 classification.


Assuntos
Infertilidade , Sorghum , Sorghum/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Genótipo , China , Fenótipo , Grão Comestível
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...