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1.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026461

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Eight major and stably expressed QTL for flag leaf morphology across eleven environments were identified and validated using newly developed KASP markers in seven biparental populations with different genetic backgrounds. Flag leaf morphology is a determinant trait influencing plant architecture and yield potential in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population with a 55 K SNP-based constructed genetic map was used to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) for flag leaf length (FLL), width (FLW), area (FLA), angle (FLANG), opening angle (FLOA), and bend angle (FLBA) in eleven environments. Eight major QTL were detected in 11 environments with 5.73-54.38% of explained phenotypic variation. These QTL were successfully verified using the newly developed Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) markers in six biparental populations with different genetic backgrounds. Among these 8 major QTL, two co-located intervals were identified. Significant interactions for both FLL- and FLW-related QTL were detected. Comparison analysis showed that QFll.sau-SY-2B and QFla.sau-SY-2B are likely new loci. Significant relationships between flag leaf- and yield-related traits were observed and discussed. Several genes associated with leaf development including the ortholog of maize ZmRAVL1, a B3-domain transcription factor involved in regulation of leaf angle, were predicted in physical intervals harboring these major QTL on reference genomes of bread wheat 'Chinese spring', T. turgidum, and Aegilops tauschii. Taken together, these results broaden our understanding on genetic basis of flag leaf morphology and provide clues for fine mapping and marker-assisted breeding wheat with optimized plant architecture for promising loci.

3.
Gynecol Oncol ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081984

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Naples prognosis score (NPS) is a new immune and nutritional assessment method that can be used to predict tumor prognosis. This study aimed to identify whether NPS is an independent prognostic indicator of operable endometrial cancer (EC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 1038 patients with endometrial cancer who underwent surgery. Patients were grouped according to NPS (NPS group 0, n = 362; NPS group 1, n = 589; and NPS group 2, n = 87), and differences in clinical characteristics were compared among the groups. Survival analysis was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method, P values were calculated by log-rank test, and prognostic factors were assessed by Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: Serum albumin levels, total cholesterol levels, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-monocyte ratio, total lymphocyte count, CA-125 levels, age, body mass index, FIGO stage, myometrial invasion depth, controlling nutritional status score, and systemic inflammation score were significantly different among the groups; significant differences in progression-free survival(PFS) and overall survival (OS) were also found. On multivariate analysis, NPS was identified as an independent prognostic factor for PFS (NPS group 0 vs. 1: aHR = 4.32, 95%CI = 1.133-16.47; NPS group 0 vs. 2: aHR = 21.336, 95%CI = 3.498-130.121) and OS (NPS group 0 vs. 1: aHR = 5.029, 95%CI = 1.638-15.441; NPS group 0 vs. 2: aHR = 20.789, 95%CI = 4.381-98.664). Moreover, NPS is an independent prognostic factor for PFS and OS in grade 2 or 3 EC (aHR = 7.768, 95%CI = 2.411-25.029 and aHR = 4.717, 95%CI = 1.794-12.407, respectively). CONCLUSION: High NPS is associated with poor PFS and OS and is a valuable independent prognostic factor in patients with EC.

4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 375-379, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089285

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of commonly used subgingival wedge-shaped defect filling materials on the formation of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivalis) biofilm. METHODS: Subgingival class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surfaces of 48 extracted premolars. After that, the premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups (A, B and C) with 16 in each group. After filling and polishing with universal nano fluid resin, universal nano solid resin and glass ionomer cement individually, Isomet 4000 precision cutting machine was used to make specimens containing all the filling materials (mesiodistal distance: 5 mm, occlusal-gingival distance: 3 mm, buccolingual distance: 2 mm). All the specimens were placed in P.gingivalis bacterial solution for 24 hours to form P.gingivalis biofilm. Then the attachment amount of P.gingivalis was observed by crystal violet staining. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to observe the P.gingivalis biofilm. SPSS 22.0 software package was used for Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test. RESULTS: The results of crystal violet staining showed that the amount of P.gingivalis adhered to the glass ionomer cement filling surface was significantly less than that of other groups(P<0.05). CLSM scan showed no significant difference in proportion of viable bacteria and biofilm thickness among three groups (P>0.05). P.gingivalis biofilm in glass ionomer cement group was sparse, showing small clumps, and did not aggregate into pieces. On the surface of universal nano solid resin, P.gingivalis biofilm was in large pieces with a three-dimensional structure. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the universal nano solid/fluid resin, the surface of glass ionomer cement is not conducive to the formation of P.gingivalis biofilm. Therefore, from the perspective of periodontal health, glass ionomer cement is suitable for filling treatment of subgingival wedge-shaped defects.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Biofilmes , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Microscopia Confocal
5.
FASEB J ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094864

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection leads to cancers with an epithelial origin, such as nasopharyngeal cancer and gastric cancer, as well as multiple blood cell-based malignant tumors, such as lymphoma. Interestingly, EBV is also the first virus found to carry genes encoding miRNAs. EBV encodes 25 types of pre-miRNAs which are finally processed into 44 mature miRNAs. Most EBV-encoded miRNAs were found to be involved in the occurrence and development of EBV-related tumors. However, the function of EBV-miR-BART12 remains unclear. The findings of the current study revealed that EBV-miR-BART12 binds to the 3'UTR region of Tubulin Polymerization-Promoting Protein 1 (TPPP1) mRNA and downregulates TPPP1, thereby promoting the invasion and migration of EBV-related cancers, such as nasopharyngeal cancer and gastric cancer. The mechanism underlying this process was found to be the inhibition of TPPP1 by EBV-miRNA-BART12, which, in turn, inhibits the acetylation of α-tubulin, and promotes the dynamic assembly of microtubules, remodels the cytoskeleton, and enhances the acetylation of ß-catenin. ß-catenin activates epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). These two processes synergistically promote the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to reveal the role of EBV-miRNA-BART12 in the development of EBV-related tumors as well as the mechanism underlying this process, and suggests potential targets and strategies for the treatment of EBV-related tumors.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001641

RESUMO

The design and assembly of polyoxometalate-resorcin[4]arene-based metal-organic molecular materials are particularly attractive for their elegant structures and potential functions. By applying a newly designed resorcin[4]arene ligand (TPC4R-II), a copper(I)-coordinated polyoxometalate-based metal-organic molecular material, namely, [CuI6(Br)3(TPC4R-II)3(PMo12O40)]·8H2O (1), was rationally assembled. Three copper(I)-coordinated resorcin[4]arenes are held together by a central [PMo12O40]3- to yield a supramolecular propeller. 1 features efficient catalytic performances for oxidation desulfurization (ODS) and azide-alkyne cycloaddition (AAC) reactions. This work affords a feasible method for the nanosized polyoxometalate-based metal-resorcin[4]arene assemblies by well combinating two types of large composites as well as low coordination metal cations.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 59(20): 15019-15027, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000937

RESUMO

Two novel fac-Re(CO)3-based rectangles {[(CO)3Re(µ-Cl)2Re(CO)3]2(µ-L)2} (1) and {[(CO)3Re(µ-OC4H9)2Re(CO)3]2(µ-L)2}(2) based on new photochromic dithienylethene-containing ligand 2,7-di(pyridin-4-yl)-9,10-bis(5-chloro-2-methylthien-3-yl)-phenanthrene (L) were prepared. They displayed varying photochromic properties both in solution and in the single-crystal state. Through a judicious choice of the bridging ligands along the short sides of the rectangles, the photophysical and electrochemical properties of the complexes could also be readily tuned.

8.
Sci Adv ; 6(35): eaba7457, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32923627

RESUMO

Breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) causes retinal edema and vision loss. We investigated the role of Wnt signaling in maintaining the BRB by limiting transcytosis. Mice lacking either the Wnt co-receptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (Lrp5-/- ) or the Wnt ligand Norrin (Ndpy/- ) exhibit increased retinal vascular leakage and enhanced endothelial transcytosis. Wnt signaling directly controls the transcription of an endothelium-specific transcytosis inhibitor, major facilitator superfamily domain-containing protein 2a (MFSD2A), in a ß-catenin-dependent manner. MFSD2A overexpression reverses Wnt deficiency-induced transcytosis in endothelial cells and in retinas. Moreover, Wnt signaling mediates MFSD2A-dependent vascular endothelium transcytosis through a caveolin-1 (CAV-1)-positive caveolae pathway. In addition, levels of omega-3 fatty acids are also decreased in Wnt signaling-deficient retinas, reflecting the basic function of MFSD2A as a lipid transporter. Our findings uncovered the Wnt/ß-catenin/MFSD2A/CAV-1 axis as a key pathway governing endothelium transcytosis and inner BRB integrity.

9.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors have been proposed for relieving the ureteral stent-related symptoms. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of PDE5 inhibitors in the treatment of ureteral stent-related symptoms. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that reported on the effectiveness of PDE5 inhibitors on ureteral stent-related symptoms were identified and collected from Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases. RESULTS: Four RCTs involving 352 patients were included. Following treatment with PDE5 inhibitors for 1 week, significant improvement of urinary symptoms (P<0.00001) and sexual health (P=0.04) was observed in the PDE5 inhibitors group. After 3 weeks, we found that PDE5 inhibitors were effective in relieving urinary symptoms [mean difference (MD): -11.94, 95% confidence interval (CI): -22.58 to -1.3, P=0.03], body pain (MD: -5.38, 95% CI: -9.35 to -1.41, P=0.008), and improving sexual health (MD: -4.13, 95% CI: -5.07 to -3.19, P<0.00001), general health (MD: -3.92, 95% CI: -5.76 to -2.08, P<0.0001), and additional health (MD: -2.21, 95% CI: -4.03 to -0.40, P=0.02). With regards to work performance (MD: -2.25, 95% CI: -5.13 to -0.62, P=0.12), no significant differences were observed between the PDE5 inhibitors group and the placebo group. In terms of safety, there were no significant differences between these two groups in the incidence of gastrointestinal [odds ratio (OR): 1.25, 95% CI: 0.51 to 3.04, P=0.63], or respiratory (OR: 1.48, 95% CI: 0.50 to 4.44, P=0.48) complications. CONCLUSIONS: PDE5 inhibitors were effective in relieving symptoms of patients undergoing ureteral stent placement, and do not increase the risk of complications.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(10): 1120-1123, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese boy featuring developmental delay and epilepsy. METHODS: Clinical data of the patient was collected. Genomic DNA of the patient and his parents was extracted and subjected to high-throughput sequencing. Pathogenicity of the variant was predicted and validated. RESULTS: Sequencing results showed that the patient has carried a de novo c.1470delA (p.V491Ffs*6) variant of the UBE3A gene, which was predicted to be pathogenic. CONCLUSION: The frameshift variant c.1470delA (p.V491Ffs*6) probably underlay the disorders in this child.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879052

RESUMO

Menin serves both tumor suppressor and promoter roles in a highly tumor-specific manner. In colorectal cancer (CRC) menin is over-expressed and plays a critical role in regulating transcription of SKP2, and combined treatment with a menin inhibitor (MI) and small molecule EGFR inhibitor (EGFRi) leads to synergistic killing of CRC cells. However, the full spectrum of menin function in CRC remains uncertain. Herein, we demonstrate that menin inhibition increases glycolysis in CRC cells. This MI-induced increase in glycolysis occurs in an mTOR-independent manner and enhances the sensitivity of CRC cells to EGFRis. Additionally, we show that EGFRis induce autophagy in CRC cells, which is important for cell survival in the setting of combined treatment with an EGFRi and MI. Inhibition of autophagy with chloroquine further sensitizes CRCs to treatment with the combination of an EGFRi and MI. Together these findings uncover a novel role for menin in CRC as a repressor of glycolysis and demonstrate that MI-induced increases in glycolysis sensitize CRC to EGFRis. Additionally, these findings illustrate the importance of autophagy as a protective mechanism against EGFRis, especially in the presence of menin inhibition. Ultimately this data opens the possibility of using menin-mediated regulation of glycolysis to potentially improve treatment modalities for CRC.

13.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(5): 591-597, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879112

RESUMO

The emergence of novel coronavirus pneumonia which was named as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the World Health Organization, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has posed a serious threat to public health. Notably, COVID-19 has rapidly spread around the world and large amount of people have been infected. There is imminent need to investigate the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 and develop effective therapeutic strategies to contain the epidemic. The spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2 mediates viral entry into target cells, with S1 subunit binding to a cellular receptor and S2 subunit fusing viral and host membranes. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), previously known as a cell receptor of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), is putatively responsible for mediating COVID-19. In this review, we detail our current understanding of the interaction between S protein and ACE2 in the process of virus infection and the potential pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2, which has critical implications for exploring the potential therapeutic strategies for COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia Viral , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , Humanos , Internalização do Vírus
14.
Appl Opt ; 59(25): 7646-7651, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902465

RESUMO

We present the design of Ge1-xSnx-on-Si waveguide photodetectors for the applications in the C- to U-bands. The GeSn photodetectors have been studied in respect to responsivity, dark current, and bandwidth, with light butt- or evanescent-coupled from an Si waveguide. With the introduction of 4.5% Sn into Ge, the GeSn waveguide PD with evanescent-coupling exhibits high responsivity of 1.25 A/W and 3 dB bandwidth of 123.1 GHz at 1.675 µm. Further increasing the Sn composition cannot improve the absorption in the U-band significantly but does lead to poorer thermal stability and higher dark current. This work suggests a promising avenue for future high-speed high-responsivity photodetection in the C- to U-bands.

15.
Biomedicines ; 8(9)2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962144

RESUMO

Soft 3D-fibrin-gel selected tumor repopulating cells (TRCs) from the B16F1 melanoma cell line exhibit extraordinary self-renewal and tumor-regeneration capabilities. However, their biomarkers and gene regulatory features remain largely unknown. Here, we utilized the next-generation sequencing-based RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technique to discover novel biomarkers and active gene regulatory features of TRCs. Systems biology analysis of RNA-seq data identified differentially expressed gene clusters, including the cell adhesion cluster, which subsequently identified highly specific and novel biomarkers, such as Col2a1, Ncam1, F11r, and Negr1. We validated the expression of these genes by real-time qPCR. The expression level of Col2a1 was found to be relatively low in TRCs but twenty-fold higher compared to the parental control cell line, thus making the biomarker very specific for TRCs. We validated the COL2A1 protein by immunofluorescence microscopy, showing a higher expression of COL2A1 in TRCs compared to parental control cells. KEGG pathway analysis showed the JAK/STAT, hypoxia, and Akt signaling pathways to be active in TRCs. Besides, the aerobic glycolysis pathway was found to be very active, indicating a typical Warburg Effect on highly tumorigenic cells. Together, our study revealed highly specific biomarkers and active cell signaling pathways of melanoma TRCs that can potentially target and neutralize TRCs.

16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(39): 11026-11037, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902975

RESUMO

Tea plants adjust development and metabolism by integrating environmental and endogenous signals in complex but poorly defined gene networks. Here, we present an integrative analysis framework for the identification of conserved modules controlling important agronomic traits using a comprehensive collection of RNA-seq datasets in Camellia plants including 189 samples. In total, 212 secondary metabolism-, 182 stress response-, and 182 tissue development-related coexpressed modules were revealed. Functional modules (e.g., drought response, theobromine biosynthesis, and new shoot development-related modules) and potential regulators that were highly conserved across diverse genetic backgrounds and/or environmental conditions were then identified by cross-experiment comparisons and consensus clustering. Moreover, we investigate the preservation of gene networks between Camellia sinensis and other Camellia species. This revealed that the coexpression patterns of several recently evolved modules related to secondary metabolism and environmental adaptation were rewired and showed higher connectivity in tea plants. These conserved modules are excellent candidates for modeling the core mechanism of tea plant development and secondary metabolism and should serve as a great resource for hypothesis generation and tea quality improvement.

17.
Plant Dis ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990521

RESUMO

Stripe rust (yellow rust), caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat in the world. Chinese wheat landrace 'Guangtoumai' (GTM) exhibited a high-level resistance against predominant Pst races in China at the adult-plant stage. The objective of this research was to identify and map the major locus/loci for stripe rust resistance in GTM. A set of 212 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was developed from a cross between GTM and Avocet S (AvS). The parents and RILs were evaluated in three field tests (2018, 2019, and 2020 at Chongzhou, Sichuan) with the currently predominant Pst races for final disease severity (FDS) and genotyped with the Wheat 55K SNP array to construct a genetic map with 1,031 SNP markers. A major locus, named QYr.GTM-5DL, was detected on chromosome 5DL in GTM. The locus was mapped in a 2.75 cM interval flanked by SNP markers AX-109855976 and AX-109453419, explaining up to 44.4% of the total phenotypic variation. Since no known Yr genes have been reported on chromosome 5DL, QYr.GTM-5DL is very likely a novel adult plant resistance (APR) locus. Haplotype analysis revealed that the resistance allele displayed enhanced levels of stripe rust resistance and is likely present in 5.3% of the 247 surveyed Chinese wheat landraces. The derived cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (dCAPS) marker dCAPS-5722, converted from a SNP marker tightly linked to QYr.GTM-5DL with 0.3 cM, was validated on a subset of RILs and 48 commercial wheat cultivars developed in Sichuan. The results indicated that QYr.GTM-5DL with its linked dCAPS marker could be used in marker-assisted selection to improve stripe rust resistance in breeding programs, and this QTL will provide new and possibly durable resistance to stripe rust.

18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113358, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896625

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction (DMED) is one of the most common complications of diabetes mellitus. Leech and centipede granules (LCG) have traditionally been used as blood-activating agents in various ethnomedicinal systems of East Asia, especially in China. It is often used to regulate bodily functions and considered as adjuvant therapy for promoting blood circulation, alleviating blood coagulation, activating meridians, and relieving stasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to identify potential genes and mechanisms of LCG on DMED from the network pharmacological perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The active components of LCG were identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS, TCMID, and the BATMAN-TCM databases, and the disease targets of DMED were obtained from the DisGeNET, CooLGeN, GeneCards databases. After identifying DMED targets of LCG, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. Hub genes and significant modules were identified via the MCODE plug-in of Cytoscape software. Then, significant signaling pathways of the modules were identified using the Metascape database. The probable interaction mode of compounds-hub genes is examined using Molecular Operating Environment (MOE) docking software. Besides, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of LCG on improving erectile function in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats model. RESULTS: Combined UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis with network pharmacology study, 18 active compounds were selected for target prediction. There are 97 common target genes between LCG and DMED. Enrichment of the KEGG pathway mainly involves in the calcium signaling pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and mTOR signaling pathway. Nine hub genes were regulated by LCG in DMED, including CXCL8, NOS3, CRH, TH, BDNF, DRD4, ACE, CNR1, and HTR1A. The results of molecular docking analysis showed that the tyrosin, ursolic acid, and L-Histidine has a relatively stable interaction with corresponding hub genes via generating hydrogen bonds, H-π, and π-π interactions. Significantly, the results in docking predicted a higher affinity of vardenafil to the hub genes compared to the tyrosin, ursolic acid, and L-Histidine. Furthermore, LCG increased the testosterone, erection frequency, the ratio of ICP and MAP, SOD, cGMP, cAMP as well as decreased the MDA, and AGEs expression levels. And, LCG ameliorated the histological change of penile tissues in DMED rats. Hence, LCG attenuates oxidative stress, increases NO production; For the mechanism exploration, LCG could significantly upregulate the mRNA and protein expression of CNR1, NOS3, CRH, TH, BDNF, and DRD4, whereas CXCL8, ACE, and HTR1A levels were significantly higher than those in the DMED group. Moreover, LCG activates the NO/cGMP/PKG pathway, PI3K/Akt/nNOS pathway, cAMP/PKA pathway, and inhibits the HIF-1α/mTOR pathway to improve erectile function. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that LCG maybe offer a new therapeutic basis for the treatment of DMED via altering the gene expression of involved metabolic pathways.

19.
Theor Appl Genet ; 133(12): 3381-3393, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870326

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A novel, stably expressed, and plant height-independent QTL for spike extension length on 5AS was identified and validated in different populations using a newly developed and tightly linked KASP marker. As an important component of plant height (PH), spike extension length (SEL) plays a significant role in formation of an ideotype in wheat. Despite the fact that numerous loci for SEL in wheat have been reported, our knowledge on PH-independent loci remains to be limited. In this study, two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations genotyped using the Wheat55K SNP were used to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling SEL across six environments. A total of 30 QTL for SEL were detected in these two RIL populations, and four of them, i.e., QSEL.sicau-2CN-4D, QSEL.sicau-2SY-4B.2, QSEL.sicau-2SY-4D.1, and QSEL.sicau-2CN-5A, were stably expressed. Genetic and conditional QTL analysis showed that the first three were significantly associated with PH, while the last one, QSEL.sicau-2CN-5A, is independent of PH. Comparison of genetic and physical maps suggested that only QSEL.sicau-2CN-5A located on chromosome arm 5AS is likely a novel QTL. A Kompetitive Allele-Specific PCR (KASP) marker, KASP-AX-110413733, tightly linked to this novel QTL was developed to successfully confirm its effect in three different genetic populations. Further, in the interval where QSEL.sicau-2CN-5A was located on 'Chinese Spring' wheat reference genome, three promising genes mainly expressed in wheat stem were predicated and they all encode the cytochrome P450 that was demonstrated to be closely associated with SEL elongation in rice. In addition, significant correlations between SEL and PH, spikelet number per spike, and thousand-grain weight were also detected. Altogether, our results broaden our understanding on genetic basis of SEL and will be useful for marker-based selection of lines with different SELs and fine mapping the novel and PH-independent QTL QSEL.sicau-2CN-5A.

20.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 2105-2113, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893735

RESUMO

The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disaster for human society. A convenient and reliable neutralization assay is very important for the development of vaccines and novel drugs. In this study, a G protein-deficient vesicular stomatitis virus (VSVdG) bearing a truncated spike protein (S with C-terminal 18 amino acid truncation) was compared to that bearing the full-length spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 and showed much higher efficiency. A neutralization assay was established based on VSV-SARS-CoV-2-Sdel18 pseudovirus and hACE2-overexpressing BHK21 cells (BHK21-hACE2 cells). The experimental results can be obtained by automatically counting the number of EGFP-positive cells at 12 h after infection, making the assay convenient and high-throughput. The serum neutralizing titer measured by the VSV-SARS-CoV-2-Sdel18 pseudovirus assay has a good correlation with that measured by the wild type SARS-CoV-2 assay. Seven neutralizing monoclonal antibodies targeting the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-CoV-2 S protein were obtained. This efficient and reliable pseudovirus assay model could facilitate the development of new drugs and vaccines.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Testes de Neutralização/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cricetinae , Pandemias , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Células Vero , Vírus da Estomatite Vesicular Indiana/genética , Vírus da Estomatite Vesicular Indiana/imunologia
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