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1.
Natl Sci Rev ; 11(7): nwae174, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38887544

RESUMO

Chemically modified superatoms have emerged as promising candidates in the new periodic table, in which Au13 and its doped M n Au13- n have been widely studied. However, their important counterpart, Ag13 artificial element, has not yet been synthesized. In this work, we report the synthesis of Ag13 nanoclusters using strong chelating ability and rigid ligands, that fills the gaps in the icosahedral superatomic metal clusters. After further doping Ag13 template with different degrees of Au atoms, we gained insight into the evolution of their optical properties. Theoretical calculations show that the kernel metal doping can modulate the transition of the excited-state electronic structure, and the electron transfer process changes from local excitation (LE) to charge transfer (CT) to LE. This study not only enriches the families of artificial superatoms, but also contributes to the understanding of the electronic states of superatomic clusters.

2.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875042

RESUMO

Background: The identification of biomarkers for different dementias in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has made substantial progress. However, they are observational studies, and there remains a lack of research on dementias with low incidence rates. Objective: We performed a comprehensive Mendelian randomization to identify potential biomarkers for different dementia type. Methods: The summary-level datasets encompassed 734 plasma and 154 cerebrospinal fluid proteins sourced from recently published genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Summary statistics for different dementias, including any dementia (refering to any type of dementia symptoms, 218,792 samples), Alzheimer's disease (AD, 63,926 samples), vascular dementia (212,389 samples), frontotemporal dementia (3,024 samples), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB, 6,618 samples), and dementia in Parkinson's disease (216,895 samples), were collected from large GWAS. The primary method is inverse variance weighting, with additional sensitivity analyses conducted to ensure the robustness of the findings. Results: The molecules released into CSF, namely APOE2 for any dementia, APOE2 and Siglec-3 for AD, APOE2 for vascular dementia, and APOE2 for DLB, might be potential biomarkers. CD33 for AD and SNCA for DLB in plasma could be promising biomarkers. Conclusions: This is the first study to integrate plasma and CSF proteins to identify potential biomarkers for different dementias.

3.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861152

RESUMO

Existing research indicates the potential for white matter injury repair during the subacute phase following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, elucidating the role of brain cell subpopulations in the acute and subacute phases of SAH pathogenesis remains challenging due to the cellular heterogeneity of the central nervous system. In this study, single-cell RNA sequencing was conducted on SAH model mice to delineate distinct cell populations. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis was performed to identify involved pathways, and cellular interactions were explored using the CellChat package in R software. Validation of the findings involved a comprehensive approach, including magnetic resonance imaging, immunofluorescence double staining, and Western blot analyses. This study identified ten major brain clusters with cell type-specific gene expression patterns. Notably, we observed infiltration and clonal expansion of reparative microglia in white matter-enriched regions during the subacute stage after SAH. Additionally, microglia-associated pleiotrophin (PTN) was identified as having a role in mediating the regulation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) in SAH model mice, implicating the activation of the mTOR signaling pathway. These findings emphasize the vital role of microglia-OPC interactions might occur via the PTN pathway, potentially contributing to white matter repair during the subacute phase after SAH. Our analysis revealed precise transcriptional changes in the acute and subacute phases after SAH, offering insights into the mechanism of SAH and for the development of drugs that target-specific cell subtypes.

4.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831176

RESUMO

Arsenic is an environmental pollutant that has garnered considerable attention from the World Health Organization. Liver fibrosis is an advanced pathological stage of liver injury that can be caused by chronic arsenic exposure and has the potential to be reversed to prevent cirrhosis and hepatic malignancies. However, effective treatment options are currently limited. Given the profibrogenic effect of hepatocyte senescence, we established a rat model of sub-chronic sodium arsenite exposure and investigated the ability of resveratrol (RSV), a potential anti-senescence agent, to ameliorate arsenic-induced liver fibrosis and elucidate the underlying mechanism from the perspective of hepatocyte senescence. The results demonstrated that RSV was capable of mitigating fibrosis phenotypes in rat livers, including the activation of hepatic stellate cell (HSC), the generation of extracellular matrix, and the deposition of collagen fibers in the liver vascular zone, which are all induced by arsenic exposure. Furthermore, as an activator of the longevity factor SIRT1, RSV antagonized the arsenic-induced inhibition of SIRT1 expression, thereby restoring the suppression of the senescence protein p16 by SIRT1. This prevented arsenic-induced hepatocyte senescence, manifesting as a decrease in telomere shortening and a reduction in the release of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP)-related proteins. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that RSV counteracts arsenic-induced hepatocyte senescence and the release of SASP-related proteins by restoring the inhibitory effect of SIRT1 on p16, thereby suppressing the activation of fibrotic phenotypes and mitigating liver fibrosis. These findings provide new insights for understanding the mechanism of arsenic-induced liver fibrosis, and more importantly, they reveal novel potential interventional approaches.

5.
ISME J ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848278

RESUMO

Amoeba-bacteria interactions are prevalent in both natural ecosystems and engineered environments. Amoebae, as essential consumers, hold significant ecological importance within ecosystems. Besides, they can establish stable symbiotic associations with bacteria. Copper plays a critical role in amoeba predation by either killing or restricting the growth of ingested bacteria in phagosomes. However, certain symbiotic bacteria have evolved mechanisms to persist within the phagosomal vacuole, evading antimicrobial defenses. Despite these insights, the impact of copper on the symbiotic relationships between amoebae and bacteria remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of copper stress on amoebae and their symbiotic relationships with bacteria. Our findings revealed that elevated copper concentration adversely affected amoeba growth and altered cellular fate. Symbiont type significantly influenced the responses of the symbiotic relationships to copper stress. Beneficial symbionts maintained stability under copper stress, but parasitic symbionts exhibited enhanced colonization of amoebae. Furthermore, copper stress favored the transition of symbiotic relationships between amoebae and beneficial symbionts toward the host's benefit. Conversely, the pathogenic effects of parasitic symbionts on hosts were exacerbated under copper stress. This study sheds light on the intricate response mechanisms of soil amoebae and amoebae-bacteria symbiotic systems to copper stress, providing new insights into symbiotic dynamics under abiotic factors. Additionally, the results underscore the potential risks of copper accumulation in the environment for pathogen transmission and biosafety.

6.
Arch Virol ; 169(5): 114, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) is a distinct molecular subtype of gastric cancer (GC). At present, the clinical characteristics and prognostic implications of EBV infection and the potential clinical benefits of immune checkpoint blockade in GC remain to be clarified. Hence, this study was designed to analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics of GC patients with varying EBV infection states and compare their overall survival (OS). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 1031 consecutive GC patients who underwent gastrectomy at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from February 2018 to November 2022. EBV-encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization (ISH) was used for EBV assessment, and immunohistochemical staining was used for evaluation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), and Ki67 expression. EBVaGC was defined as tumors with EBV positivity. In addition, EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC) patients were matched with EBVaGC patients based on seven clinicopathological parameters (age, gender, anatomic subsite, tumor size, Lauren classification, degree of differentiation, and tumor-node-metastasis [TNM] stage). The correlations of clinical features with HER2, PD-L1, and Ki67 expression were evaluated statistically. The survival of patients was assessed through medical records, telephone, or WeChat communication, and prognostic analysis was performed using the logrank test as well as univariable and multivariable regression analysis. RESULTS: Out of 1031 GC patients tested, 35 (3.4%) were diagnosed with EBVaGC. Notably, the EBVaGC group exhibited a distinct predominance of males and younger patients, significantly higher Ki67 and PD-L1 expression levels, and a lower prevalence of pericancerous nerve invasion than the EBVnGC group (P < 0.01). In the 35 EBVaGC cases, Ki67 expression was negatively correlated with age (P < 0.05), suggesting that a younger onset age was associated with higher Ki67 expression. In addition, PD-L1 expression was correlated with the degree of differentiation, T-stage, and clinical stage of the patient. Furthermore, PD-L1 expression was elevated in tumors with lower differentiation or at later stages (P < 0.05). Using univariate analysis, Ki67, PD-L1, and clinical stage were identified as significant factors influencing the overall survival (OS) of EBVaGC patients (P < 0.05). Moreover, multivariate survival analysis revealed that clinical stage and Ki67 expression were independent risk factors for the OS of the patients (P < 0.05), and the three-year OS rate of EBVaGC patients was 64.2%. CONCLUSION: EBV-ISH is a practical and valuable method to identify EBVaGC. Owing to its unique etiological, pathological, and clinical characteristics, patients with EBVaGC might benefit from immune checkpoint blockade therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/virologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Masculino , Feminino , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Adulto , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , RNA Viral/genética , Gastrectomia
7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(25): 36849-36860, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758436

RESUMO

A hydrothermal synthesis method was developed to produce high crystallinity ZSM-5 zeolite using coal gasification coarse slag (CGCS) as the raw material. Instead of the expensive NaOH(s.), Na2SiO3(s.) was utilized to activate, depolymerize, and recombine Si and Al elements in the CGCS. The mother liquor circulation technology was employed to recover and reuse raw materials and residual reagents (Na2SiO3(aq.) and TPABr), reducing waste emissions and enhancing resource utilization efficiency. The synthesized ZSM-5 had a specific surface area of 455.675 m2 g-1, pore volume of 0.284 cm3 g-1, and pore diameter of 2.496 nm. The influence of various factors on the morphology and crystallinity of ZSM-5 was investigated, resulting in the production of ZSM-5 with higher specific surface area and pore volume. Adsorption experiments showed that WU-ZSM-5 exhibited a removal efficiency of 85% for ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N(aq.)), validating its effectiveness in coal chemical wastewater purification. The mother liquor recycling technology enabled zero-emission utilization of solid waste resources and improved the utilization rate of alkali and template to 90%. These results demonstrate the potential application of the developed method in the efficient treatment of coal chemical wastewater.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Águas Residuárias , Zeolitas , Zeolitas/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Adsorção , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Purificação da Água/métodos
8.
Chem Mater ; 36(9): 4481-4494, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764752

RESUMO

Four different high-entropy spinel oxide ferrite (HESO) electrode materials containing 5-6 distinct metals were synthesized by a simple, rapid combustion synthesis process and evaluated as conversion anode materials in lithium half-cells. All showed markedly superior electrochemical performance compared to conventional spinel ferrites such as Fe3O4 and MgFe2O4, having capacities that could be maintained above 600 mAh g-1 for 150 cycles, in most cases. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) results on pristine, discharged, and charged electrodes show that Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu are reduced to the elemental state during the first discharge (lithiation), while Mn is only slightly reduced. Upon recharge (delithiation), Fe is reoxidized to an average oxidation state of about 2.6+, while Co, Ni, and Cu are not reoxidized. The ability of Fe to be oxidized past 2+ accounts for the high capacities observed in these materials, while the presence of metallic elements after the initial lithiation provides an electronically conductive network that aids in charge transfer.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1365681, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38803380

RESUMO

Introduction: Medicinal plants, rich in phytochemicals like phenolic acids, flavonoids, and tannins, offer potential benefits in enhancing productivity, quality, and animal health. Amla fruit (Phyllanthus emblica) is one such plant with promising attributes. This study aimed to investigate the impact of fresh Amla fruit (FAF) supplementation on ruminal microbial composition and its correlation with rumen fermentation in lactating dairy cows. Methods: The study employed a repeated crossover design involving eight ruminally cannulated mid-lactation Holstein dairy cows. Animals received varying levels of fresh Amla fruit supplementation (0, 200, 400, and 600 g/d). Results: When 400 g/d of FAF was added to the diet, there was a significant increase in the relative abundance of Firmicutes (p = 0.02). However, at 200 g/d, the relative abundance of ruminal Bacteroidota was higher than the 0 and 400 g/d FAF supplementation (p < 0.01). LEfSe analysis identified distinct taxa, such as Clostridia vadinBB60 in the 200 g/d group, Oscillospiraceae in the 400 g/d group, and Elusimicrobium in the 600 g/d group. Notably, the random forest species abundance statistics identified Oscillospiraceae V9D2013 as a biomarker related to milk yield. Oscillospiraceae, Bacilli RF39, norank_f Prevotellaceae, and Bifidobacterium were positively correlated with ruminal total VFA and molar proportion of propionate, while Rikenellaceae RC9 gut group and Clostridia vadinBB60 were negatively correlated. Discussion: FAF supplementation affects the abundance of beneficial microbes in a dose-dependent manner, which can improve milk yield, efficiency, rumen health, desirable fatty acids, and animal health.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202406552, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766881

RESUMO

Triply interlocked [2]catenane complexes featuring two identical, mechanically interlocked units are extraordinarily rare chemical compounds, whose properties and applications remain open to detailed studies. Herein, we introduce the rational design of a new ligand precursor, L1, suitable for the synthesis of six triply interlocked [2]catenanes by coordination-driven self-assembly. The interlocked compounds can be reversibly converted into the corresponding simple triangular prism metallacage by addition of H2O or DMF solvents to their CH3OH solutions, thereby demonstrating the importance of π···π stacking and hydrogen bonding interactions in the formation of triply interlocked [2]catenanes. Moreover, extensive studies have been conducted to assess the remarkable photothermal conversion performance. Complex 6a, exhibiting outstanding photothermal conversion performance (conversion efficiency in solution : 31.82%), is used to prepare novel photoresponsive elastomer in combination with thermally activated liquid crystal elastomer. The resultant material displays robust response to near-infrared (NIR) laser and the capability of completely reforming the shape and reversible actuation, paving the way for the application of half-sandwich organometallic units in photo-responsive smart materials.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muscle satellite cells (MuSCs) exert essential roles in skeletal muscle adaptation to growth, injury and ageing, and their functions are extensively modulated by microenvironmental factors. However, the current knowledge about the interaction of MuSCs with niche cells is quite limited. METHODS: A 10× single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) was performed on porcine longissimus dorsi and soleus (SOL) muscles to generate a single-cell transcriptomic dataset of myogenic cells and other cell types. Sophisticated bioinformatic analyses, including unsupervised clustering analysis, marker gene, gene set variation analysis (GSVA), AUCell, pseudotime analysis and RNA velocity analysis, were performed to explore the heterogeneity of myogenic cells. CellChat analysis was used to demonstrate cell-cell communications across myogenic cell subpopulations and niche cells, especially fibro-adipogenic progenitors (FAPs). Integrated analysis with human and mice datasets was performed to verify the expression of FGF7 across diverse species. The role of FGF7 on MuSC proliferation was evaluated through administering recombinant FGF7 to porcine MuSCs, C2C12, cardiotoxin (CTX)-injured muscle and d-galactose ( d-gal)-induced ageing model. RESULTS: ScRNA-seq totally figured out five cell types including myo-lineage cells and FAPs, and myo-lineage cells were further classified into six subpopulations, termed as RCN3+, S100A4+, ID3+, cycling (MKI67+), MYF6+ and MYMK+ satellite cells, respectively. There was a higher proportion of cycling and MYF6+ cells in the SOL population. CellChat analysis uncovered a particular impact of FAPs on myogenic cells mediated by FGF7, which was relatively highly expressed in SOL samples. Administration of FGF7 (10 ng/mL) significantly increased the proportion of EdU+ porcine MuSCs and C2C12 by 4.03 ± 0.81% (P < 0.01) and 6.87 ± 2.17% (P < 0.05), respectively, and knockdown of FGFR2 dramatically abolished the pro-proliferating effects (P < 0.05). In CTX-injured muscle, FGF7 significantly increased the ratio of EdU+/Pax7+ cells by 15.68 ± 5.45% (P < 0.05) and elevated the number of eMyHC+ regenerating myofibres by 19.7 ± 4.25% (P < 0.01). Under d-gal stimuli, FGF7 significantly reduced γH2AX+ cells by 17.19 ± 3.05% (P < 0.01) in porcine MuSCs, induced EdU+ cells by 4.34 ± 1.54% (P < 0.05) in C2C12, and restored myofibre size loss and running exhaustion in vivo (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our scRNA-seq reveals a novel interaction between muscle FAPs and satellite cells mediated by FGF7-FGFR2. Exogenous FGF7 augments the proliferation of satellite cells and thus benefits muscle regeneration and counteracts age-related myopathy.

12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 124: 144-149, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of antithrombotic therapy on patients with atrial fibrillation who sustained previous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) remains uncertain. Data regarding antithrombotic therapy use in these patients are limited. This study aims to compare the clinical and overall outcomes of antithrombotic therapy and usual care in patients with atrial fibrillation who sustained ICH. METHODS: We assembled consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation sustaining an ICH from our institution. Multivariable regression analysis and propensity-matched analysis were applied to assess associations of different antithrombotic therapies and outcomes. The primary outcome was mortality within the longest follow-up. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests of the time-to-event data were used to assess differences in survival. RESULTS: In total, 296 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation who survived an ICH were included in this study. Our analysis demonstrated that antithrombotic therapy was associated with reduced mortality up to a 4-year duration of follow-up (OR, 0.49, 95 % CI 0.30-0.81). Similar results were obtained from the propensity-matched analysis (OR, 0.58, 95 % CI 0.34-0.98). Subgroup analysis showed that compared with usual care, direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) with or without antiplatelet was associated with a lower risk of long-term mortality (OR, 0.34, 95 % CI 0.17-0.69). In addition, our analysis observed a significant interaction between cardiac insufficiency and treatment effect (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with atrial fibrillation who have a history of ICH, administration of antithrombotic therapy, especially DOAC, was associated with lower mortality. Future randomized trials are warranted to test the positive net clinical benefit of DOAC therapy.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial , Hemorragia Cerebral , Pontuação de Propensão , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Feminino , Masculino , Hemorragia Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidade , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos
13.
Eur J Neurol ; : e16326, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The causal association between inflammatory cytokines and the development of intracranial aneurysm (IA), unruptured IA (uIA) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) lacks clarity. METHODS: The summary-level datasets for inflammatory cytokines were extracted from a genome-wide association study of the Finnish Cardiovascular Risk in Young Adults Study and the FINRISK survey. The summary statistics datasets related to IA, uIA and SAH were obtained from the genome-wide association study meta-analysis of the International Stroke Genetics Consortium and FinnGen Consortium. The primary method employed for analysis was inverse variance weighting (false discovery rate), supplemented by sensitivity analyses to address pleiotropy and enhance robustness. RESULTS: In the International Stroke Genetics Consortium, 10, six and eight inflammatory cytokines exhibited a causal association with IA, uIA and SAH, respectively (false discovery rate, p < 0.05). In FinnGen datasets, macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1 Alpha (MIP_1A), MIP_1A and interferon γ-induced protein 10 (IP_10) were verified for IA, uIA and SAH, respectively. In the reverse Mendelian randomization analysis, the common cytokines altered by uIA and SAH were vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), MIP_1A, IL_9, IL_10 and IL_17, respectively. The meta-analysis results show that MIP_1A and IP_10 could be associated with the decreased risk of IA, and MIP_1A and IP_10 were associated with the decreased risk of uIA and SAH, respectively. Notably, the levels of VEGF, MIP_1A, IL_9, IL_10 and TNF_A were increased with uIA. Comprehensive heterogeneity and pleiotropy analyses confirmed the robustness of these results. CONCLUSION: Our study unveils a bidirectional association between inflammatory cytokines and IA, uIA and SAH. Further investigations are essential to validate their relationship and elucidate the underlying mechanisms.

14.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 166(1): 202, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of conclusive evidence regarding the impact of downward drift in hematocrit levels among patients who have undergone surgical clipping for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). This study endeavors to explore the potential association between hematocrit drift and mortality in this specific patient population. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted, encompassing adult patients diagnosed with aSAH at a university hospital. The primary endpoint was follow-up mortality. Propensity score matching was employed to align patients based on their baseline characteristics. Discrimination capacity across various models was assessed and compared using net reclassification improvement (NRI). RESULTS: Among the 671 patients with aSAH in the study period, 118 patients (17.6%) experienced an in-hospital hematocrit drift of more than 25%. Following adjustment with multivariate regression analysis, patients with elevated hematocrit drift demonstrated significantly increased odds of mortality (aOR: 2.12, 95% CI: 1.14 to 3.97; P = 0.019). Matching analysis yielded similar results (aOR: 2.07, 95% CI: 1.05 to 4.10; P = 0.036). The inclusion of hematocrit drift significantly improved the NRI (P < 0.0001) for mortality prediction. When in-hospital hematocrit drift was served as a continuous variable, each 10% increase in hematocrit drift corresponded to an adjusted odds ratio of 1.31 (95% CI 1.08-1.61; P = 0.008) for mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the findings from this comprehensive cohort study indicate that a downward hematocrit drift exceeding 25% independently predicts mortality in surgical patients with aSAH. These findings underscore the significance of monitoring hematocrit and managing anemia in this patient population.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/mortalidade , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/sangue , Hematócrito , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Science ; 384(6698): 912-919, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781394

RESUMO

Transitioning from polycrystalline to single-crystalline nickel-rich cathodes has garnered considerable attention in both academia and industry, driven by advantages of high tap density and enhanced mechanical properties. However, cathodes with high nickel content (>70%) suffer from substantial capacity degradation, which poses a challenge to their commercial viability. Leveraging multiscale spatial resolution diffraction and imaging techniques, we observe that lattice rotations occur universally in single-crystalline cathodes and play a pivotal role in the structure degradation. These lattice rotations prove unrecoverable and govern the accumulation of adverse lattice distortions over repeated cycles, contributing to structural and mechanical degradation and fast capacity fade. These findings bridge the previous knowledge gap that exists in the mechanistic link between fast performance failure and atomic-scale structure degradation.

16.
Adv Mater ; : e2401048, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760981

RESUMO

The emergence of layered sodium transition metal oxides featuring a multiphase structure presents a promising approach for cathode materials in sodium-ion batteries, showcasing notably improved energy storage capacity. However, the advancement of cathodes with multiphase structures faces obstacles due to the limited understanding of the integrated structural effects. Herein, the integrated structural effects by an in-depth structure-chemistry analysis in the developed layered cathode system NaxCu0.1Co0.1Ni0.25Mn0.4Ti0.15O2 with purposely designed P2/O3 phase integration, are comprehended. The results affirm that integrated phase ratio plays a pivotal role in electrochemical/structural stability, particularly at high voltage and with the incorporation of anionic redox. In contrast to previous reports advocating solely for the enhanced electrochemical performance in biphasic structures, it is demonstrated that an inappropriate composite structure is more destructive than a single-phase design. The in situ X-ray diffraction results, coupled with density functional theory computations further confirm that the biphasic structure with P2:O3 = 4:6 shows suppressed irreversible phase transition at high desodiated states and thus exhibits optimized electrochemical performance. These fundamental discoveries provide clues to the design of high-performance layered oxide cathodes for next-generation SIBs.

17.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 26(7): 2890-2904, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38686512

RESUMO

AIM: This study investigated the depot- and sex-specific associations of adiposity indicators with incident multimorbidity and comorbidity pairs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 382 678 adults without multimorbidity (≥2 chronic diseases) at baseline from the UK Biobank. General obesity, abdominal obesity and body fat percentage indices were measured. RESULTS: Cox proportional hazard regression analyses of general obesity indices revealed that for every one-unit increase in body mass index, the risk of incident multimorbidity increased by 5.2% (95% confidence interval 5.0%-5.4%). A dose-response relationship was observed between general obesity degrees and incident multimorbidity. The analysis of abdominal obesity indices showed that for every 0.1 increment in waist-to-height ratio and waist-to-hip ratio, the risk of incident multimorbidity increased by 42.0% (37.9%-46.2%) and 27.9% (25.7%-30.0%), respectively. Central obesity, as defined by waist circumference, contributed to a 23.2% increased risk of incident multimorbidity. Hip circumference and hip-to-height ratio had protective effects on multimorbidity onset. Consistent findings were observed for males and females. Body fat percentage elevated 3% (0.2%-5.9%) and 5.3% (1.1%-9.7%) risks of incident multimorbidity in all adults and females, respectively. Arm fat percentages elevated 5.3% (0.8%-9.9%) and 19.4% (11.0%-28.5%) risks of incident multimorbidity in all adults and males, respectively. The general obesity indices, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, waist-to-hip ratio and central obesity increased the onset of comorbidity pairs, whereas hip circumference and hip-to-height ratio decreased the onset of comorbidity pairs. These adiposity indicators mainly affect diabetes mellitus-related comorbidity onset in males and hypertensive-related comorbidity onset in females. CONCLUSIONS: Adiposity indicators are predictors of multimorbidity and comorbidity pairs and represent a promising approach for intervention.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Multimorbidade , Obesidade , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Idoso , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Estudos de Coortes , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fatores Sexuais , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Incidência , Fatores de Risco , Biobanco do Reino Unido
18.
Nat Mater ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589543

RESUMO

Unconventional 1T'-phase transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have aroused tremendous research interest due to their unique phase-dependent physicochemical properties and applications. However, due to the metastable nature of 1T'-TMDs, the controlled synthesis of 1T'-TMD monolayers (MLs) with high phase purity and stability still remains a challenge. Here we report that 4H-Au nanowires (NWs), when used as templates, can induce the quasi-epitaxial growth of high-phase-purity and stable 1T'-TMD MLs, including WS2, WSe2, MoS2 and MoSe2, via a facile and rapid wet-chemical method. The as-synthesized 4H-Au@1T'-TMD core-shell NWs can be used for ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection. For instance, the 4H-Au@1T'-WS2 NWs have achieved attomole-level SERS detections of Rhodamine 6G and a variety of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike proteins. This work provides insights into the preparation of high-phase-purity and stable 1T'-TMD MLs on metal substrates or templates, showing great potential in various promising applications.

19.
Eur Radiol ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To build self-supervised foundation models for multicontrast MRI of the whole brain and evaluate their efficacy in assisting diagnosis of brain tumors. METHODS: In this retrospective study, foundation models were developed using 57,621 enhanced head MRI scans through self-supervised learning with a pretext task of cross-contrast context restoration with two different content dropout schemes. Downstream classifiers were constructed based on the pretrained foundation models and fine-tuned for brain tumor detection, discrimination, and molecular status prediction. Metrics including accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the performance. Convolutional neural networks trained exclusively on downstream task data were employed for comparative analysis. RESULTS: The pretrained foundation models demonstrated their ability to extract effective representations from multicontrast whole-brain volumes. The best classifiers, endowed with pretrained weights, showed remarkable performance with accuracies of 94.9, 92.3, and 80.4%, and corresponding AUC values of 0.981, 0.972, and 0.852 on independent test datasets in brain tumor detection, discrimination, and molecular status prediction, respectively. The classifiers with pretrained weights outperformed the convolutional classifiers trained from scratch by approximately 10% in terms of accuracy and AUC across all tasks. The saliency regions in the correctly predicted cases are mainly clustered around the tumors. Classifiers derived from the two dropout schemes differed significantly only in the detection of brain tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Foundation models obtained from self-supervised learning have demonstrated encouraging potential for scalability and interpretability in downstream brain tumor-related tasks and hold promise for extension to neurological diseases with diffusely distributed lesions. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The application of our proposed method to the prediction of key molecular status in gliomas is expected to improve treatment planning and patient outcomes. Additionally, the foundation model we developed could serve as a cornerstone for advancing AI applications in the diagnosis of brain-related diseases.

20.
Ibrain ; 10(1): 111-115, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38682012

RESUMO

Self-management is important for patients suffering from cerebrovascular events after neurosurgical procedures. An increasing number of artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted tools have been used in postoperative health management. ChatGPT is a new trend dialog-based chatbot that could be used as a supplemental tool for seeking health information. Responses from ChatGPT version 3.5 and 4.0 toward 13 questions raised by experienced neurosurgeons were evaluated in this exploratory study for their consistency and appropriateness blindly by the other three neurosurgeons. The readability of response text was investigated quantitively by word count and the Gunning Fog and Flesch-Kincaid indices. Results showed that the chatbot could provide relatively stable output between the two versions on consistency and appropriateness (χ² = 0.348). As for readability, there was a higher demand for readers to comprehend the output text in the 4.0 version (more counts of words; lower Flesch-Kincaid reading ease score; and higher Flesch-Kincaid grade level). In general, the capacity of ChatGPT to deliver effective health information is still under debate.

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