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Thorac Cancer ; 15(9): 715-721, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362771


BACKGROUND: The data of the prognostic role of V-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) mutations in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients is scarce. This study aimed to investigate the proportion, clinicopathological features, and prognostic significance of patients with stage I LUAD carrying BRAF mutations. METHODS: We collected 431 patients with pathological stage I LUAD from cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics and 1604 LUAD patients tested for BRAF V600E and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations from Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital. Survival curves were drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Cox proportional hazard models, propensity-score matching (PSM), and overlap weighting (OW) were performed in this study. The primary endpoint was recurrence-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: The proportion of BRAF mutations was estimated at 5.6% in a Caucasian cohort. BRAF V600E mutations were detected in six (1.4%) patients in Caucasian populations and 16 (1.0%) patients in Chinese populations. Two BRAF V600E-mutant patients were detected to have concurrent EGFR mutations, one for 19-del and one for L858R. For pathological stage I LUAD patients, BRAF mutations were not significantly associated with worse RFS than wild-type BRAF patients (HR = 1.111; p = 0.885). After PSM and OW, similar results were presented (HR = 1.352; p = 0.742 and HR = 1.246; p = 0.764, respectively). BRAF V600E mutation status also lacked predictive significance for RFS (HR, 1.844; p = 0.226; HR = 1.144; p = 0.831 and HR = 1.466; p = 0.450, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated that BRAF status may not be capable of predicting prognosis in stage I LUAD patients. There is a need for more data to validate our findings.

Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Prognóstico , China , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Mutação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37713470


OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate whether an operation can offer survival benefits for patients with a second primary non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after a lobectomy for a first primary NSCLC and to analyse the characteristics affecting the survival of those patients. METHODS: We performed survival analyses of patients with a second primary NSCLC based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results program and used propensity score matching to reduce the potential bias and analyse the data. In addition, the primary observational end point was overall survival (OS), and the secondary observational end point was histologic migration. RESULTS: The data from 944 patients were used to perform the main analysis. A total of 36.2% of patients experienced a shift in tumour histologic type between 2 diagnoses of primary NSCLC, and this shift significantly affected OS (P = 0.0065). The median survival time in patients with surgical resection and those without an operation was 52.0 months versus 33.0 months, respectively. Patients with surgical resection at the secondary diagnosis had better survival than those without surgery (5-year OS rate: 48.0% vs 34.0%, P < 0.001). In addition, compared with a pneumonectomy and a sublobar resection, a lobectomy was the optimal surgical procedure for patients diagnosed with a second primary NSCLC after adjusting for other confounders (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.68, P < 0.01). However, in the subgroup analysis, lobar and sublobar resections could provide similar survival benefits for patients with tumour size ≤20 mm (P = 0.5). CONCLUSIONS: The operation, especially a lobectomy, can prolong OS in patients with a second primary NSCLC. Besides, sublobar resection can be performed in selected patients with tumour size ≤20 mm. Moreover, histologic migration may impact the survival of those patients with a secondary primary NSCLC.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 64(5)2023 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37699000


OBJECTIVES: Early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) has a great heterogeneity in prognosis that is difficult to evaluate effectively. Thus, we developed and validated an effective nomogram prognostic model based on the clinical and laboratory characteristics of stage I-IIA ADC. METHODS: We included 1585 patients with pathologically diagnosed stage I-IIA ADC who underwent surgery at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital. The nomogram was constructed based on the peripheral blood test and coagulation test indicators and evaluated using Calibration plots, concordance index, decision curve analysis and the X-tile software. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox proportional hazard regression model. The primary end point of this study was RFS. RESULTS: Thrombin time and 4 clinical indicators for RFS were integrated into nomograms. A favourable agreement between the nomogram prediction and validation was observed in the calibration curves for RFS probabilities. The concordance index of the nomogram to predict RFS was 0.736 (95% confidence interval, 0.717-0.755). Moreover, significant differences were shown between the high-risk and low-risk groups in RFS and OS (P < 0.001) after effective cut-off values of risk points were found based on the nomogram. CONCLUSIONS: We established and validated a prognostic nomogram including thrombin time to predict RFS and OS of stage I-IIA ADC patients. This nomogram provided an effective prediction ability for the prognosis of stage I-IIA ADC patients.

Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , China , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias