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1.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 213: 108810, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857563

RESUMO

Seed vigor is a crucial indicator of seed quality. Variations in seed vigor are closely associated with seed properties and storage conditions. The vigor of mature seeds progressively declines during storage, which is called seed deterioration or aging. Seed aging induces a cascade of cellular damage, including impaired subcellular structures and macromolecules, such as lipids, proteins, and DNA. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as signaling molecules during seed aging causing oxidative damage and triggering programmed cell death (PCD). Mitochondria are the main site of ROS production and change morphology and function before other organelles during aging. The roles of other small redox-active molecules in regulating cell and seed vigor, such as nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S), were identified later. ROS, NO, and H2S typically regulate protein function through post-translational modifications (PTMs), including carbonylation, S-glutathionylation, S-nitrosylation, and S-sulfhydration. These signaling molecules as well as the PTMs they induce interact to regulate cell fate and seed vigor. This review was conducted to describe the physiological changes and underlying molecular mechanisms that in seed aging and provides a comprehensive view of how ROS, NO, and H2S affect cell death and seed vigor.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 672: 497-511, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852352

RESUMO

The design and construction of high strength hydrogels is a widely discussed topic in hydrogel research. In this study, we combined three toughening strategies, including dual network, oriented structure construction and nanophase doping, to develop an alginate/polyacrylamide (PAM)/modified titanium dioxide fiber (TiO2 NF@PAM) dual network composite hydrogel prepared via syringe. The effects of different preparation methods, AM/Alginate ratios, inorganic doping phases and TiO2 NF@PAM/AM ratios on the mechanical properties of composite hydrogels were investigated. The study found that the alginate hydrogel prepared by syringe exhibited superior axial orientation and achieved a tensile strength of (1091 ± 46) kPa. And the composite hydrogel doped with 0.2 wt% TiO2 NF@PAM had a tensile strength of (1006 ± 64) kPa, which was higher than that of the composite hydrogel doped with 0.2 wt% TiO2 nanoparticles (976 ± 66) kPa. The highest tensile strength (1120 ± 67) kPa and elongation at break (182 ± 8) % were achieved when the ratio of TiO2 NF@PAM/AM was 0.6 wt%. The force applied to the gel solution in the syringe affects the orientation of the polymer chains and TiO2 NF@PAM within the gel, which subsequently impacts the mechanical properties of the hydrogel. Therefore, we further investigated the mechanical properties of composite hydrogels under varying propulsion speeds, syringe diameters, and syringe lengths. It was observed that the gel solution's shear strength increased as the syringe diameter decreased. The resulting composite hydrogels were better oriented and had improved mechanical properties. The composite hydrogels' tensile strength peaked at (1117 ± 47) kPa when the syringe advance rate was between 1-7 mL/min. The mechanical properties of the hydrogels were optimal when the syringe length was 30 mm, with a maximum tensile strength of (1131 ± 67) kPa and a tensile ratio of (166 ± 5) %. This study demonstrates the viability of integrating three distinct strengthening methodologies to generate hydrogels of considerable strength. Furthermore, the Alginate/PAM/TiO2 NF@PAM composite hydrogels possess remarkable potential as adaptable, wearable sensors due to their exemplary mechanical properties, knittability, and conductivity.

3.
Plant Physiol ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637315

RESUMO

Seed deterioration during storage is a major problem in agricultural and forestry production and for germplasm conservation. Our previous studies have shown that a mitochondrial outer membrane protein VOLTAGE-DEPENDENT ANION CHANNEL (VDAC) is involved in programmed cell death (PCD)-like viability loss during the controlled deterioration treatment (CDT) of elm (Ulmus pumila L.) seeds, but its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that the oxidative modification of GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE (GAPDH) is functioned in the gate regulation of VDAC during the CDT of elm seeds. Through biochemical and cytological methods and observations of transgenic material [Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), Nicotiana benthamiana, and yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)], we demonstrate that cysteine S-glutathionylated UpGAPDH1 interacts with UpVDAC3 during seed aging, which leads to a mitochondrial permeability transition and aggravation of cell death, as indicated by the leakage of the mitochondrial pro-apoptotic factor cytochrome c and the emergence of apoptotic nucleus. Physiological assays and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis revealed that GAPDH glutathionylation is mediated by increased glutathione, which might be caused by increases in the concentrations of free metals, especially Zn. Introduction of the Zn-specific chelator TPEN [(N, N, N', N'-Tetrakis (2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine)] significantly delayed seed aging. We conclude that glutathionylated UpGAPDH1 interacts with UpVDAC3 and serves as a pro-apoptotic protein for VDAC-gating regulation and cell death initiation during seed aging.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(5)2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475137

RESUMO

Investigating the dynamic response patterns and failure modes of concrete gravity dams subjected to strong earthquakes is a pivotal area of research for addressing seismic safety concerns associated with gravity dam structures. Dynamic shaking table testing has proven to be a robust methodology for exploring the dynamic characteristics and failure modes of gravity dams. This paper details the dynamic test conducted on a gravity dam model on a shaking table. The emulation concrete material, featuring high density, low dynamic elastic modulus, and appropriate strength, was meticulously designed and fabricated. Integrating the shaking table conditions with the model material, a comprehensive gravity dam shaking table model test was devised to capture the dynamic response of the model under various dynamic loads. Multiple operational conditions were carefully selected for in-depth analysis. Leveraging the dynamic strain responses, the progression of damage in the gravity dam model under these diverse conditions was thoroughly examined. Subsequently, the recorded acceleration responses were utilized for identifying dynamic characteristic parameters, including the acceleration amplification factor in the time domain, acceleration response spectrum characteristics in the frequency domain, and modal parameters reflecting the inherent characteristics of the structure. To gain a comprehensive understanding, a comparative analysis was performed by aligning the observed damage development with the identified dynamic characteristic parameters, and the sensitivity of these identified parameters to different levels of damage was discussed. The findings of this study not only offer valuable insights for conducting and scrutinizing shaking table experiments on gravity dams but also serve as crucial supporting material for identifying structural dynamic characteristic parameters and validating damage diagnosis methods for gravity dam structures.

5.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 63(1): 107002, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37838150

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance has become a major threat, contributing significantly to morbidity and mortality globally. Administering non-antibiotic therapy, such as antimicrobial peptides, is one potential strategy for effective treatment of multi-drug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections. Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) derived from neutrophils has bactericidal and endotoxin-neutralizing activity. However, the protective roles and mechanisms of BPI in multi-drug-resistant bacterial infections have not been fully elucidated. In this study, a chimeric BPI23-Fcγ recombined protein comprising the functional N terminus of BPI and Fcγ was constructed and expressed by adenovirus vector 5 (Ad5). Ad5-BPI23-Fcγ or recombinant BPI23-Fcγ protein significantly improved the survival of mice with pneumonia induced by a minimal lethal dose of multi-drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii or Klebsiella pneumoniae by ameliorating lung pathology and reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines. Transfection with Ad5-BPI23-Fcγ significantly decreased the bacterial load and endotoxaemia, which was associated with enhanced bactericidal ability and elevated the phagocytic activity of neutrophils in vitro and in vivo. In addition, Ad5-BPI23-Fcγ transfection significantly increased the recruitment of neutrophils to lung, increased the proportion and number of neutrophils in peripheral blood, and promoted the maturation of bone marrow (BM) neutrophils after drug-resistant A. baumannii infection. BPI23-Fcγ and neutrophils synergistically enhanced bactericidal activity and decreased pro-inflammatory cytokines. These results demonstrated that the chimeric BPI23-Fcγ protein protected mice from pneumonia induced by multi-drug-resistant A. baumannii infection by direct bactericidal effects and promotion of neutrophil recruitment, phagocytosis and maturation. Chimeric BPI23-Fcγ may be a promising candidate as a non-antibiotic biological agent for multi-drug-resistant A. baumannii infection.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter baumannii , Pneumonia , Animais , Camundongos , Neutrófilos , Receptores de IgG , Proteínas de Membrana , Citocinas , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
6.
J Pain Res ; 16: 3979-3992, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38026454

RESUMO

Purpose: Postamputation neuropathic pain is a common disease in patients with malignant tumor amputation, seriously affecting amputees' quality of life and mental health. The objective of this study was to identify independent risk factors for phantom limb pain in patients with tumor amputation and to construct a risk prediction model. Methods: Patients who underwent amputation due to malignant tumors from 2013 to 2023 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into phantom limb pain group and non-phantom limb pain group. To determine which preoperative factors would affect the occurrence of phantom limb pain, we searched for candidate factors by univariate analysis and used multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify independent factors and construct a predictive model. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to further evaluate the accuracy of the prediction model in evaluating the phantom limb pain after amputation of bone and soft tissue tumors. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that age (OR, 1.054; 95% CI, 1.027 to 1.080), preoperative pain (OR, 5.773; 95% CI, 2.362 to 14.104), number of surgeries (OR, 3.425; 95% CI, 1.505 to 7.795), amputation site (OR, 5.848; 95% CI, 1.837 to 18.620), amputation level (OR, 8.031; 95% CI, 2.491 to 25.888) were independent risk factors for phantom limb pain for bone and soft tissue tumors. The the area under the curve (AUC) of this model was 0.834. Conclusion: Risk factors for postoperative phantom limb pain were the site of amputation, proximal amputation, preoperative pain, multiple amputations, and older age. These factors will help surgeons to individualize and stratify phantom limb pain and help patients with risk counseling. In particular, an informed clinical decision targeting those modifiable factors can be considered when needed.

7.
Am J Transl Res ; 15(9): 5683-5690, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37854201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of ZM suture combined with early functional exercise in repairing flexor tendons and its impact on finger function recovery in patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 patients who sought medical treatment at the Orthopedics Hospital of Xingtai City from August 2019 to August 2022. Among them, 29 patients treated with the modified Kessler suture technique were assigned to the control group, while 31 patients treated with ZM suture technique were assigned to the observation group. Both groups of patients underwent early functional exercise after surgery and were followed up regularly for 6 months. Finger function, grip strength, pinch strength at 6 months after operation, upper limb function before and after treatment, visual analog pain scale (VAS) at 1 and 2 weeks postoperatively, quality of life, and incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. The risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients were analyzed. RESULTS: At 6 months postoperatively, the observation group showed significantly better finger function, grip strength and grip strength ratio, and upper limb function compared to the control group (all P<0.05). The observation group had significantly lower VAS scores at 1 and 2 weeks postoperatively and a significantly lower incidence of complications compared to the control group, while their quality of life was significantly better than that of the control group (all P<0.05). The choice of treatment method is an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The ZM suture technique combined with early functional exercise has significant efficacy in repairing flexor tendons, effectively promoting finger function recovery in patients. It is also associated with a high level of safety and warrants clinical application and promotion.

8.
Chem Biomed Imaging ; 1(3): 286-296, 2023 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37388962

RESUMO

Mixed DNA SAMs labeled with a fluorophore (either AlexaFluor488 or AlexaFluor647) were prepared on a single crystal gold bead electrode using potential-assisted thiol exchange and studied using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). A measure of the local environment of the DNA SAM (e.g., crowding) was possible using FRET imaging on these surfaces since electrodes prepared this way have a range of surface densities (ΓDNA). The FRET signal was strongly dependent on ΓDNA and on the ratio of AlexaFluor488 to AlexaFluor647 used to make the DNA SAM, which were consistent with a model of FRET in 2D systems. FRET was shown to provide a direct measure of the local DNA SAM arrangement on each crystallographic region of interest providing a direct assessment of the probe environment and its influence on the rate of hybridization. The kinetics of duplex formation for these DNA SAMs was also studied using FRET imaging over a range of coverages and DNA SAM compositions. Hybridization of the surface-bound DNA increased the average distance between the fluorophore label and the gold electrode surface and decreased the distance between the donor (D) and acceptor (A), both of which result in an increase in FRET intensity. This increase in FRET was modeled using a second order Langmuir adsorption rate equation, reflecting the fact that both D and A labeled DNA are required to become hybridized to observe a FRET signal. The self-consistent analysis of the hybridization rates on low and high coverage regions on the same electrode showed that the low coverage regions achieved full hybridization 5× faster than the higher coverage regions, approaching rates typically found in solution. The relative increase in FRET intensity from each region of interest was controlled by manipulating the donor to acceptor composition of the DNA SAM without changing the rate of hybridization. The FRET response can be optimized by controlling the coverage and the composition of the DNA SAM sensor surface and could be further improved with the use of a FRET pair with a larger (e.g., > 5 nm) Förster radius.

9.
Plants (Basel) ; 12(8)2023 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37111942

RESUMO

After maturity, seed vigor irreversibly decreases. Understanding the underlying mechanism is important to germplasm preservation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play vital regulatory roles in plants. However, little is known about how miRNAs regulate seed aging. Here, elm (Ulmus pumila L.) seeds of three aging stages were subjected to a multi-omics analysis including transcriptome, small RNAome and degradome, to find regulators of seed aging. In the small RNAome, 119 miRNAs were identified, including 111 conservative miRNAs and eight novel miRNAs specific to elm seeds, named upu-miRn1-8. A total of 4900 differentially expressed genes, 22 differentially expressed miRNAs, and 528 miRNA-target pairs were identified during seed ageing. The target genes were mainly involved in the processing of proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum, metabolism, plant hormone signal transduction, and spliceosome. The expression of several DEGs and miRNAs were verified by qRT-PCR. The degradome data showed the exact degradation sites of upu-miR399a on ABCG25, and upu-miR414a on GIF1, etc. The dual-luciferase assay verified the negative regulation of upu-miR399a on ABCG25 and upu-miR414a on GIF1 in tobacco leaves. This study outlined the regulation network of mRNA, miRNA and miRNA-target genes during seed aging, which is helpful in integrating the regulation mechanisms of seed vigor at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels.

10.
Glob Chang Biol ; 29(12): 3433-3448, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36946769

RESUMO

While the protected area (PA) covers >15% of the planet's terrestrial land area and continues to expand, factors determining its effectiveness in conserving endangered species are being debated. We investigated the links between direct anthropogenic pressures, socioeconomic settings, and the coverage of vertebrate taxa by China's PA network, and indicated that high socioeconomic status and low levels of human pressure correlate with high species coverage, with threatened mammals more effectively conserved than reptiles or amphibians. Positive links between conservation outcomes and socioeconomic progress appear linked to local livelihood improvements triggering positive perceptions of local PAs-aided further by ecological compensation and tourism schemes introduced in wealthy areas and reinforced by continued positive conservation outcomes. Socioeconomic development of China's less developed regions might assist regional PA efficiency and achievement of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, while also addressing potential shortcomings from an insufficient past focus on socioeconomic impacts for biodiversity conservation.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Animais , Humanos , Biodiversidade , Mamíferos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , China , Ecossistema
11.
Life (Basel) ; 13(3)2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36983943

RESUMO

Idesia polycarpa Maxim is a native dioecious tree from East Asia cultivated for its fruits and as an ornamental plant throughout temperate regions. Given the economic potential, comparative studies on cultivated genotypes are of current interest. This study aims to discover the dynamic changes and potential functions of endogenous hormones in I. polycarpa, as well as the differences in endogenous hormone contents in different growth stages among different I. polycarpa provenances. We used High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) to measure and compare the levels of abscisic acid (ABA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellin A3 (GA3), and trans-Zeatin-riboside (tZR) in the leaves, flowers, and fruits of I. polycarpa from various provenances between April and October. Our findings indicated that changes in the ABA and GA3 content of plants from Jiyuan and Tokyo were minimal from April to October. However, the levels of these two hormones in Chengdu plants vary greatly at different stages of development. The peak of IAA content in the three plant materials occurred primarily during the early fruit stage and the fruit expansion stage. The concentration of tZR in the three plant materials varies greatly. Furthermore, we discovered that the contents of endogenous hormones in I. polycarpa leaves, flowers, and fruits from Chengdu provenances were slightly higher than those from Tokyo and Jiyuan provenances. The content of IAA was higher in male flowers than in female flowers, and the content of ABA, GA3, and tZR was higher in female flowers than in male flowers. According to the findings, the contents of these four endogenous hormones in I. polycarpa are primarily determined by the genetic characteristics of the trees and are less affected by cultivation conditions. The gender of I. polycarpa had a great influence on these four endogenous hormones. The findings of this study will provide a theoretical foundation and practical guidance for artificially regulating the flowering and fruiting of I. polycarpa.

12.
Environ Pollut ; 318: 120862, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549452

RESUMO

Exposure to high concentrations of copper can cause toxic effects on the growth and development of organisms, but the relevant toxic mechanisms are far from fully understood. This study investigated the changes of metabolites, genes, and gut microorganisms in earthworms (Eisenia fetida) exposed to 0 (control), 67.58 (low), 168.96 (medium), and 337.92 (high) mg/kg of Cu in soil for 60 days. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differential metabolites (DMs) at the low-, medium-, and high-level Cu exposure groups were identified and introduced into Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Integrated metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis revealed that amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism, and carbohydrate metabolism are the major metabolic pathways disturbed by Cu exposure. Furthermore, Cu exposure significantly decreased the diversity of the intestinal bacterial community and affected the relative abundance (increased or decreased) of intestinal colonizing bacteria. This resulted in high energy expenditure, inhibited nutrient absorption and fatty acid synthesis, and weakened antioxidant and detoxification abilities, ultimately inhibiting the growth of E. fetida. These findings offer important clues and evidence for understanding the mechanism of Cu-induced growth and development toxicity in E. fetida and provide further data for risk assessment in terrestrial ecosystems.


Assuntos
Oligoquetos , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Cobre/análise , Ecossistema , Multiômica , Solo/química
13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(51): 23428-23437, 2022 12 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516982

RESUMO

Interfaces modified by a molecular monolayer can be challenging to study, particularly in situ, requiring novel approaches. Coupling electrochemical and optical approaches can be useful when signals are correlated. Here we detail a methodology that uses redox electrochemistry to control surface-based fluorescence intensity for detecting DNA hybridization and studying the uniformity of the surface response. A mixed composition single-strand DNA SAM was prepared using potential-assisted thiol exchange with two alkylthiol-modified ssDNAs that were either labeled with a fluorophore (AlexaFluor488) or a methylene blue (MB) redox tag. A significant change in fluorescence was observed when reducing MB to colorless leuco-MB. In situ fluorescence microscopy on a single-crystal gold bead electrode showed that fluorescence intensity depended on (1) the potential controlling the oxidation state of MB, (2) the surface density of DNA, (3) the MB:AlexFluor488 ratio in the DNA SAM, and (4) the local environment around the DNA SAM. MB efficiently quenched AlexaFluor488 fluorescence. Reduction of MB showed a significant increase in fluorescence resulting from a decrease in quenching or energy transfer efficiency. Hybridization of DNA SAMs with its unlabeled complement showed a large increase in fluorescence due to MB reduction for surfaces with sufficient DNA coverage. Comparing electrochemical-fluorescence measurements to electrochemical (SWV) measurements showed an improvement in detection of a small fraction of hybridized DNA SAM for surfaces with optimal DNA SAM composition and coverage. Additionally, this coupled electrochemical redox-fluorescence microscopy method can measure the spatial heterogeneity of electron-transfer kinetics and the influence of the local interfacial environment.


Assuntos
DNA , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Oxirredução , Transporte de Elétrons , DNA/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , DNA de Cadeia Simples , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ouro/química , Azul de Metileno/química , Eletrodos , Transferência de Energia
14.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 75, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35123521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome has been consistently the mainstay of treatment. In this study, we developed a novel bush hook via a mini-transverse incision at proximal wrist crease to surgically treat carpal tunnel syndrome and our aim was to compare the results with those of mid-palmar small longitudinal incision in carpal tunnel release. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on patients who received a mini-transverse incision and a novel bush hook or a mid-palmar small longitudinal incision for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. The decision to receive either technique was made mainly based on patients' choice. The clinical results were evaluated at 1 week, 1 month, 3 and 6 months postoperatively and compared. RESULTS: In total, 58 patients in mini-transverse incision group and 74 in mid-palmar longitudinal incision group were include. The follow-up period was 6.8 ± 1.6 months. The mini-transverse incision group had a significantly smaller incision (4.3 ± 0.4 mm vs. 26.2 ± 1.6 mm), shorter surgical time (7.8 ± 2.6 min vs. 19.7 ± 2.8 min), but not for hospital stay (3.2 ± 1.9 vs. 3.6 ± 2.2 days). Both groups showed significant improvement from baseline level at any time points postoperatively (all P < 0.001). At 1 month and 3 months, the mini-transverse incision group showed a significantly better improvement of VAS, SSS and FSS score (P < 0.05). At 6 months, the differences were no longer significant (P > 0.05). In addition, the mini-transverse incision group showed a significantly reduced time to return to the work and activities, tendency to higher rate of excellence and good outcomes and fewer complications. CONCLUSIONS: This novel technique via a mini-transverse incision and bush hook showed better clinical effectiveness and safety, and can be considered as an alternative for wrist tunnel release after the results are validated by higher-level evidence studies. Evidence level: III.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Ferida Cirúrgica , Adulto , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Articulação do Punho
15.
Sci Adv ; 8(1): eabj8093, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985949

RESUMO

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has launched two long-term, target-based conservation Strategic Plans in the past two decades. We compiled an index-based assessment framework to evaluate target achievements of the CBD using long-term indicators. The CBD Index is steadily increasing, with the Goal Indices for biodiversity mainstreaming, protection, and supporting mechanisms all improving over time. While the State and Pressure Indices continue to deteriorate coupled with human population and economic development, their changing rates have slowed down, most likely because of the constantly growing conservation efforts as revealed by the Response Index. The first quantitative assessment of the CBD's long-term performance may provide critical science-based evidence for continuing commitments to developing and implementing a new Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. We also call for enhanced efforts to address the emerging challenges in achieving the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity and the adoption of a rapid assessment framework to track future progress.

16.
Int Wound J ; 19(3): 656-665, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350718

RESUMO

Deep surgical site infection (DSSI) is a serious complication affecting the surgical outcome of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture, and a risk prediction model based on the identifiable risk factors will provide great clinical value in prevention and prompt interventions. This study retrospectively identified patients operated for calcaneal fracture between January 2014 and December 2019, with a follow-up ≥1 year. The data were extracted from electronic medical records, with regard to demographics, comorbidities, injury, surgery and laboratory biomarkers at admission. Univariate and multivariate logistics regression analyses were used to identify the independent factors for DSSI, thereby the risk prediction model was developed. Among 900 patients included, 2.7% developed a DSSI. The multivariate analyses identified five factors independently associated with DSSI, including current smoking (OR, 2.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3-6.4; P = .021), BMI ≥ 26.4 kg/m2 (OR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.6-8.4; P = .003), ASA ≥II (OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.0-5.1; P = .043), incision level of II (OR, 3.8; 95% CI, 1.3-12.6; P = .018) and NLR ≥6.4 (OR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.3-7.5; P = .008). A score of 14 as the optimal cut-off value was corresponding to sensitivity of 0.542 and specificity of 0.872 (area, 0.766; P < .001); ≥14 was associated with 8.1-times increased risk of DSSI; a score of 7 was corresponding sensitivity of 100% and 10 corresponding to sensitivity of 0.875. The risk prediction model exhibited excellent performance in distinguishing the risk of DSSI and could be considered in practice for improvement of wound management, but its validity requires to be verified by better-design studies.


Assuntos
Calcâneo , Fraturas Ósseas , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Anal Chem ; 93(48): 15973-15981, 2021 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813297

RESUMO

Methods for producing DNA SAM-based sensors with improved thermal stability and control over the homogeneity of low DNA probe density will enable advanced sensor development. The thermal stability of low-coverage DNA SAMs was studied for surfaces prepared using potential-assisted thiol exchange (Edep) and compared to DNA SAMs prepared without control over the substrate potential (OCPdep). Both surface preparation methods were studied using in situ fluorescence microscopy and electrochemistry with fluorophore or redox-modified DNA SAMs on a single-crystal gold bead electrode. Fluorescence microscopy showed that the influence of the underlying surface crystallography was important in both cases. The highest thermal stability was realized for square or rectangular surface atomic structure (e.g., surfaces from 110 to 100). The 111 and related surfaces were the least thermally stable. The low DNA coverage surfaces prepared by Edep had better thermal stability and higher DNA probe mobility as compared to OCPdep-prepared surfaces with the similar coverage. These results were correlated with methylene blue redox-tagged DNA probes, which directly measured the average DNA coverage. Both methods indicated that Edep DNA SAMs were more uniformly distributed across the electrode surface, while the surfaces prepared via OCPdep assembled into clusters with reduced mobility. The potential-assisted thiol-exchange approach to preparing low-coverage DNA SAMs was shown to quickly create modified surfaces that were consistent, had mobility characteristics which should yield superior DNA hybridization efficiencies, and having greater thermal stability which will translate into a longer shelf-life.


Assuntos
Ouro , Compostos de Sulfidrila , DNA , Sondas de DNA/genética , Propriedades de Superfície
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