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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2313393, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573779

RESUMO

The meta-stable active layer morphology of organic solar cells (OSCs) has been identified as the main cause of the rapid burn-in loss of power conversion efficiency (PCE) during long-term device operation. However, effective strategies to eliminate the associated loss mechanisms from the initial stage of device operation are still lacking, especially for high-efficiency material systems. Herein, we report the introduction of molecularly engineered dimer acceptors with adjustable thermal transition properties into the active layer of OSCs to serve as supramolecular stabilizers for regulating the thermal transitions and optimizing the crystallization of the absorber composites. By establishing intimate π-π interactions with small-molecule acceptors, these stabilizers can effectively reduce the trap-state density (Nt) in the devices to achieve excellent PCEs over 19%. More importantly, the low Nt associated with an initially optimized morphology can be maintained under external stresses to significantly reduce the PCE burn-in loss in devices. Our research reveals a judicious approach to improving OPV stability by establishing a comprehensive correlation between material properties, active-layer morphology, and device performance, for developing burn-in-free OSCs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587481

RESUMO

Unlocking the restricted interlayer carrier transfer in a two-dimensional perovskite is a crucial means to achieve the harmonization of efficiency and stability in perovskite solar cells. In this work, the effects of conjugated organic molecules on the interlayer carrier dynamics of 2D perovskites were investigated through nonadiabatic molecular dynamics simulations. We found that elongated conjugated organic cations contributed significantly to the accelerated interlayer carrier dynamics, originating from lowered transport barrier and boosted π-p coupling between organic and inorganic layers. Utilizing conjugated molecules of moderate length as spacer cations can yield both superior efficiency and exceptional stability simultaneously. However, conjugated chains that are too long lead to structural instability and stronger carrier recombination. The potential of conjugated chain-like molecules as spacer cations in 2D perovskites has been demonstrated in our work, offering valuable insights for the development of high-performance perovskite solar cells.

3.
World J Clin Oncol ; 15(3): 456-463, 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SMARCA4 is a component of chromatin remodeling of SWItch/sucrose-nonfermenting (SWI/SNF) complexes and plays an essential role in oncogenesis. SMARCA4-deficient malignancies arising from the gastrointestinal tract are rare and have a poor prognosis. There is no standard treatment for advanced and undifferentiated SMARCA4-deficient duodenal malignancies. Programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibodies, known as immune checkpoint inhibitor antibodies, potentially play a role in treating gastrointestinal tract malignancies. CASE SUMMARY: We present two patients with SMARCA4 deficiency and TP53 gene mutation in advanced undifferentiated carcinomas of the duodenum. For both patients, SMARCA4 deficiency was confirmed by immunohistochemical staining for the BRG1 protein, while TP53 gene mutations were observed via next-generation sequencing. Both patients were administered chemotherapy in combination with an anti-PD-1 antibody. The two patients exhibited completely different responses to treatment and had different prognoses. Case 1 experienced rapid progression after PD-1 infusion and chemotherapy, case 2 experienced a remarkable response after treatment, and the progression-free survival was more than 6 months. CONCLUSION: This study described our clinical and pathological observations of SMARCA4-deficient advanced undifferentiated carcinoma of the duodenum. PD-1 combined with chemotherapy showed a certain efficacy in select patients, providing options for treating these highly malignant tumors. Patients with liver metastases had a worse prognosis than did those with only lymph node metastasis.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2306979, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561968

RESUMO

Chiral nanomaterials with unique chiral configurations and biocompatible ligands have been booming over the past decade for their interesting chiroptical effect, unique catalytical activity, and related bioapplications. The catalytic activity and selectivity of chiral nanomaterials have emerged as important topics, that can be potentially controlled and optimized by the rational biochemical design of nanomaterials. In this review, chiral nanomaterials synthesis, composition, and catalytic performances of different biohybrid chiral nanomaterials are discussed. The construction of chiral nanomaterials with multiscale chiral geometries along with the underlying principles for enhancing chiroptical responses are highlighted. Various biochemical approaches to regulate the selectivity and catalytic activity of chiral nanomaterials for biocatalysis are also summarized. Furthermore, attention is paid to specific chiral ligands, materials compositions, structure characteristics, and so on for introducing selective catalytic activities of representative chiral nanomaterials, with emphasis on substrates including small molecules, biological macromolecule, and in-site catalysis in living systems. Promising progress has also been emphasized in chiral nanomaterials featuring structural versatility and improved chiral responses that gave rise to unprecedented chances to utilize light for biocatalytic applications. In summary, the challenges, future trends, and prospects associated with chiral nanomaterials for catalysis are comprehensively proposed.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1363202, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560351

RESUMO

Background: Oral mucositis is a major complication for head and neck cancer (HNC) patients after radiotherapy or chemotherapy. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy of turmeric in the treatment of oral mucositis in HNC patients. Methods: Randomized controlled trials investigating our topic were included in the meta-analysis. The clinical outcomes considered were the severity of oral mucositis, pain level, and weight loss. Results: A total of eight articles that met our inclusion criteria were included in our meta-analysis. At the 3-week follow-up visit, the turmeric group showed significantly lower grades of oral mucositis compared to the control group (p = 0.03). When compared to the placebo group, a significant difference in the degree of oral mucositis was observed at the 4-(p = 0.03) and 6-week (p < 0.00001) follow-up visits. No significant difference in pain levels was observed between the turmeric and control groups at any of the follow-up visits. However, a significant improvement in pain levels for the turmeric group when compared with the placebo group was observed only at the 6-week follow-up visit (p = 0.006). Interestingly, a significant improvement in pain levels was observed for the turmeric group at the 2-, 4-, 5-, and 6-week follow-up visits (p < 0.05) when compared to the non-placebo group. The turmeric group showed less weight loss than the control group at the final follow-up visit (p = 0.03). conclusion: Our meta-analysis showed that using turmeric may be effective in improving both the severity of oral mucositis and pain levels in HNC patients who have received radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy. In addition, the turmeric group experienced less weight loss.

6.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 1215-1228, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562405

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the risk factors linked with occupational blood exposure (OBE) among nursing staff (NS), we pinpoint deficiencies in the compliance with policies of infection prevention and control, and assess the expenditures associated with infection prevention and control. Methods: Healthcare workers that completed an "Occupational Blood Exposure Report Form" were divided into NS (observation) group and non-NS (control) group. Univariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to compare both groups in various aspects. We also explored design patents intended to minimize occupational exposure. Results: The highest incidence of OBE was observed in the department of neurosurgery. Among NS, OBE incidence was found to be influenced by independent risk factors, such as gender, age, occupational title, work location, and incidence of sharps injuries. Protective factors against OBEs included the use of arterial blood gas needles and suture needles. Personal protective equipment (PPE) usage rates were low in both groups prior to OBEs (0.74% vs 0.00%, P > 0.05). Correct emergency management could be improved promptly by both groups following an OBE (P > 0.05). However, the observation group exhibited a higher proportion of blood expression after a sharps injury and a higher re-evaluation rate at 6 months post-exposure compared to the control group (P < 0.05). In 2018, the per capita costs of infection prevention and control for NS were the Chinese Yuan (RMB) 339.43 per individual. In response to these findings, two utility model patents have been authorized. Conclusion: The risk and protective factors related to the occurrence of OBEs were investigated in this study, suggesting that there is a need for improvement in the rate of PPE usage and the re-evaluation rate of OBEs among NS. Additionally, focused training on emergency blood expression and compliance with policies among non-NS personnel is deemed necessary.

7.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28045, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590863

RESUMO

HD-Zip (Homeodomain-Leucine Zipper) is a family of transcription factors unique to higher plants and plays a vital role in plant growth and development. Increasing research results show that HD-Zip transcription factors are widely involved in many life processes in plants. However, the HD-Zip transcription factor for cannabis, a valuable crop, has not yet been identified. The sequence characteristics, chromosome localization, system evolution, conservative motif, gene structure, and gene expression of the HD-Zip transcription factor in the cannabis genome were systematically studied. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to verify its function. The results showed that cannabis contained 33 HD-Zip gene members. The number of amino acids is 136-849aa, the isoelectric point is 4.54-9.04, and the molecular weight is 23264.32-93147.87Da. Many cis-acting elements are corresponding to hormone and abiotic stress in the HD-Zip family promoter area of cannabis. Sequencing of the transcriptome at 5 tissue sites of hemp, stems, leaves, bracts, and seeds showed similar levels of expression of 33 members of the HD-Zip gene family at 5 tissue sites. Bioinformatics results show that HD-Zip expression is tissue-specific and may be influenced by hormones and environmental factors. This lays a foundation for further research on the gene function of HD-Zip.

8.
J Org Chem ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602497

RESUMO

An available and simple electromediated cyclization method for 3-amino-substituted pyrazoles by using α,ß-alkynic hydrazone and secondary amine is described. The strategy utilizes KI as an electrolyte in an undivided cell with a constant current, generating the desired products in moderate-to-good yield. The method features selective amination at the 3-position of the pyrazole skeleton. The results indicate that α,ß-alkynic hydrazones functionalized with aromatic groups and secondary amines functionalized with electron-rich groups were better tolerated in this transformation.

9.
Cell Biosci ; 14(1): 47, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain function and neuronal activity depend on a constant supply of blood from the cerebral circulation. The cerebral venous system (CVS) contains approximately 70% of the total cerebral blood volume; similar to the cerebral arterial system, the CVS plays a prominent role in the maintenance of central nervous system (CNS) homeostasis. Impaired venous autoregulation, which can appear in forms such as cerebral venous congestion, may lead to metabolic abnormalities in the brain, causing severe cerebral functional defects and even chronic tinnitus. However, the role of cerebral venous congestion in the progression of tinnitus is underrecognized, and its pathophysiology is still incompletely understood. This study elucidated the specific pathogenetic role of cerebral venous congestion in the onset and persistence of tinnitus and the possible neurophysiological mechanisms. RESULTS: We found that a rat model of cerebral venous congestion exhibited tinnitus-like behavioral manifestations at 14 days postoperatively; from that point onward, they showed signs of persistent tinnitus without significant hearing impairment. Subsequent neuroimaging and neurochemical findings showed CNS homeostatic plasticity disturbance in rats with cerebral venous congestion, reflected in increased neural metabolic activity, ultrastructural synaptic changes, upregulated synaptic efficacy, reduced inhibitory synaptic transmission (due to GABA deficiency), and elevated expression of neuroplasticity-related proteins in central auditory and extra-auditory pathways. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our data suggest that alternations in CNS homeostatic plasticity may play a vital role in tinnitus pathology caused by cerebral venous congestion. These findings provide a new perspective on tinnitus related to cerebral venous congestion and may facilitate the development of precise interventions to interrupt its pathogenesis.

10.
Front Physiol ; 15: 1354530, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440345

RESUMO

The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Tephritidae: Diptera), is an invasive pest that poses a significant threat to agriculture in Africa and other regions. Flies are known to use their olfactory systems to recognise environmental chemical cues. However, the molecular components of the chemosensory system of B. cucurbitae are poorly characterised. To address this knowledge gap, we have used next-generation sequencing to analyse the antenna transcriptomes of sexually immature B. cucurbitae adults. The results have identified 160 potential chemosensory genes, including 35 odourant-binding proteins (OBPs), one chemosensory protein (CSP), three sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs), 70 odourant receptors (ORs), 30 ionotropic receptors (IRs), and 21 gustatory receptors (GRs). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to validate the results by assessing the expression profiles of 25 ORs and 15 OBPs. Notably, high expression levels for BcucOBP5/9/10/18/21/23/26 were observed in both the female and male antennae. Furthermore, BcucOROrco/6/7/9/13/15/25/27/28/42/62 exhibited biased expression in the male antennae, whereas BcucOR55 showed biased expression in the female antennae. This comprehensive investigation provides valuable insights into insect olfaction at the molecular level and will, thus, help to facilitate the development of enhanced pest management strategies in the future.

11.
Discov Nano ; 19(1): 39, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436896

RESUMO

Organic solar cells (OSCs) are considered as a crucial energy source for flexible and wearable electronics. Pseudo-planar heterojunction (PPHJ) OSCs simplify the solution preparation and morphology control. However, non-halogenated solvent-printed PPHJ often have an undesirable vertical component distribution and insufficient donor/acceptor interfaces. Additionally, the inherent brittleness of non-fullerene small molecule acceptors (NFSMAs) in PPHJ leads to poor flexibility, and the NFSMAs solution shows inadequate viscosity during the printing of acceptor layer. Herein, we propose a novel approach termed polymer-incorporated pseudo-planar heterojunction (PiPPHJ), wherein a small amount of polymer donor is introduced into the NFSMAs layer. Our findings demonstrate that the incorporation of polymer increases the viscosity of acceptor solution, thereby improving the blade-coating processability and overall film quality. Simultaneously, this strategy effectively modulates the vertical component distribution, resulting in more donor/acceptor interfaces and an improved power conversion efficiency of 17.26%. Furthermore, PiPPHJ-based films exhibit superior tensile properties, with a crack onset strain of 12.0%, surpassing PPHJ-based films (9.6%). Consequently, large-area (1 cm2) flexible devices achieve a considerable efficiency of 13.30% and maintain excellent mechanical flexibility with 82% of the initial efficiency after 1000 bending cycles. These findings underscore the significant potential of PiPPHJ-based OSCs in flexible and wearable electronics.

12.
Protein Cell ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437016

RESUMO

Tumor-resident microbiota in breast cancer promote cancer initiation and malignant progression. However, targeting microbiota to improve the effects of breast cancer therapy has not been investigated in detail. Here, we evaluated the microbiota composition of breast tumors and found that enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) was highly enriched in the tumors of patients who did not respond to taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. ETBF, albeit at low biomass, secreted the toxic protein BFT-1 to promote breast cancer cell stemness and chemoresistance. Mechanistic studies showed that BFT-1 directly bound to NOD1 and stabilized NOD1 protein. NOD1 was highly expressed on ALDH+ breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) and cooperated with GAK to phosphorylate NUMB and promote its lysosomal degradation, thereby activating the NOTCH1-HEY1 signaling pathway to increase BCSCs. NOD1 inhibition and ETBF clearance increases the chemosensitivity of breast cancer by impairing BCSCs.

13.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e47165, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The worldwide human monkeypox (mpox) outbreak in 2022 mainly affected men who have sex with men (MSM). In China, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) were at a potential high risk of mpox infection due to their sexual activeness and the eased COVID-19 restrictions at the end of 2022. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the behavioral intention of receiving mpox vaccination and undergoing mpox testing in 4 different scenarios and explore their associations with background and behavioral theory-related factors among Chinese YMSM. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted among YMSM aged 18-29 years from 6 representative provinces of China in September 2022. Participants recruited (recruitment rate=2918/4342, 67.2%) were asked to self-administer an anonymous questionnaire designed based on prior knowledge about mpox and classic health behavior theories. Data on the participants' background, mpox knowledge and cognition, mpox vaccination and testing cognition, and the behavioral intention of receiving mpox vaccination and undergoing mpox testing were collected. Descriptive analysis and univariate and multivariate linear regressions were performed. Geodetector was used to measure the stratified heterogeneity of behavioral intention. RESULTS: A total of 2493 YMSM with a mean age of 24.6 (SD 2.9) years were included. The prevalence of having a behavioral intention of receiving mpox vaccination ranged from 66.2% to 88.4% by scenario, varying in epidemic status and cost. The prevalence of having an mpox testing intention was above 90% in all scenarios regardless of the presence of symptoms and the cost. The positive factors related to vaccination intention included mpox knowledge (ba=0.060, 95% CI 0.016-0.103), perceived susceptibility of mpox (ba=0.091, 95% CI 0.035-0.146), perceived severity of mpox (ba=0.230, 95% CI 0.164-0.296), emotional distress caused by mpox (ba=0.270, 95% CI 0.160-0.380), perceived benefits of mpox vaccination (ba=0.455, 95% CI 0.411-0.498), self-efficacy of mpox vaccination (ba=0.586, 95% CI 0.504-0.668), and having 1 male sex partner (ba=0.452, 95% CI 0.098-0.806), while the negative factor was perceived barriers to vaccination (ba=-0.056, 95% CI -0.090 to -0.022). The positive factors related to testing intention were perceived severity of mpox (ba=0.283, 95% CI 0.241-0.325), perceived benefits of mpox testing (ba=0.679, 95% CI 0.636-0.721), self-efficacy of mpox testing (ba=0.195, 95% CI 0.146-0.245), having 1 male sex partner (ba=0.290, 95% CI 0.070-0.510), and having in-person gatherings with MSM (ba=0.219, 95% CI 0.072-0.366), while the negative factor was emotional distress caused by mpox (ba=-0.069, 95% CI -0.137 to -0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among Chinese YMSM, the intention of undergoing mpox testing is optimal, while the mpox vaccination intention has room for improvement. A future national response should raise YMSM's mpox knowledge, disseminate updated information about mpox and preventive measures, improve preventive service accessibility and privacy, and provide advice on positively coping with the associated emotional distress.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Vacina Antivariólica , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Homossexualidade Masculina , Estudos Transversais , Intenção , China/epidemiologia
14.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 10(1): 25, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509085

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia (HUA) is a metabolic syndrome caused by abnormal purine metabolism. Although recent studies have noted a relationship between the gut microbiota and gout, whether the microbiota could ameliorate HUA-associated systemic purine metabolism remains unclear. In this study, we constructed a novel model of HUA in geese and investigated the mechanism by which Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) could have beneficial effects on HUA. The administration of antibiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) experiments were used in this HUA goose model. The effects of LGG and its metabolites on HUA were evaluated in vivo and in vitro. Heterogeneous expression and gene knockout of LGG revealed the mechanism of LGG. Multi-omics analysis revealed that the Lactobacillus genus is associated with changes in purine metabolism in HUA. This study showed that LGG and its metabolites could alleviate HUA through the gut-liver-kidney axis. Whole-genome analysis, heterogeneous expression, and gene knockout of LGG enzymes ABC-type multidrug transport system (ABCT), inosine-uridine nucleoside N-ribohydrolase (iunH), and xanthine permease (pbuX) demonstrated the function of nucleoside degradation in LGG. Multi-omics and a correlation analysis in HUA patients and this goose model revealed that a serum proline deficiency, as well as changes in Collinsella and Lactobacillus, may be associated with the occurrence of HUA. Our findings demonstrated the potential of a goose model of diet-induced HUA, and LGG and proline could be promising therapies for HUA.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/terapia , Nucleosídeos , Lactobacillus , Prolina , Purinas
15.
Phytomedicine ; 127: 155483, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genus Paeonia, which is the main source of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Paeoniae Radix Rubra (Chishao in Chinese), Paeoniae Radix Alba (Baishao in Chinese) and Moutan Cortex (Mudanpi in Chinese), is rich in active pharmaceutical ingredient such as monoterpenoid glycosides (MPGs). MPGs from Paeonia have extensive pharmacological effects, but the pharmacological effects and molecular mechanisms of MPGs has not been comprehensively reviewed. PURPOSE: MPGs compounds are one of the main chemical components of the genus Paeonia, with a wide variety of compounds and strong pharmacological activities, and the structure of the mother nucleus-pinane skeleton is similar to that of a cage. The purpose of this review is to summarize the pharmacological activity and mechanism of action of MPGs from 2012 to 2023, providing reference direction for the development and utilization of Paeonia resources and preclinical research. METHODS: Keywords and phrases are widely used in database searches, such as PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar and X-Mol to search for citations related to the new compounds, extensive pharmacological research and molecular mechanisms of MPGs compounds of genus Paeonia. RESULTS: Modern research confirms that MPGs are the main compounds in Paeonia that exert pharmacological effects. MPGs with extensive pharmacological characteristics are mainly concentrated in two categories: paeoniflorin derivatives and albiflflorin derivatives among MPGs, which contains 32 compounds. Among them, 5 components including paeoniflorin, albiflorin, oxypaeoniflorin, 6'-O-galloylpaeoniflorin and paeoniflorigenone have been extensively studied, while the other 28 components have only been confirmed to have a certain degree of anti-inflammatory and anticomplementary effects. Studies of pharmacological effects are widely involved in nervous system, endocrine system, digestive system, immune system, etc., and some studies have identified clear mechanisms. MPGs exert pharmacological activity through multilateral mechanisms, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, inhibition of cell apoptosis, regulation of brain gut axis, regulation of gut microbiota and downregulation of mitochondrial apoptosis, etc. CONCLUSION: This systematic review delved into the pharmacological effects and related molecular mechanisms of MPGs. However, there are still some compounds in MPGs whose pharmacological effects and pharmacological mechanisms have not been clarified. In addition, extensive clinical randomized trials are needed to verify the efficacy and dosage of MPGs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Glucosídeos , Paeonia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Paeonia/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios
16.
Autophagy ; : 1-23, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513669

RESUMO

PLD1 has been implicated in cytoskeletal reorganization and vesicle trafficking in somatic cells; however, its function remains unclear in oocyte meiosis. Herein, we found PLD1 stably expresses in mouse oocytes meiosis, with direct interaction with spindle, RAB11A+ vesicles and macroautophagic/autophagic vacuoles. The genetic or chemical inhibition of PLD1 disturbed MTOC clustering, spindle assembly and its cortical migration, also decreased PtdIns(4,5)P2, phosphorylated CFL1 (p-CFL1 [Ser3]) and ACTR2, and their local distribution on MTOC, spindle and vesicles. Furthermore in PLD1-suppressed oocytes, vesicle size was significantly reduced while F-actin density was dramatically increased in the cytoplasm, the asymmetric distribution of autophagic vacuoles was broken and the whole autophagic process was substantially enhanced, as illustrated with characteristic changes in autophagosomes, autolysosome formation and levels of ATG5, BECN1, LC3-II, SQSTM1 and UB. Exogenous administration of PtdIns(4,5)P2 or overexpression of CFL1 hyperphosphorylation mutant (CFL1S3E) could significantly improve polar MTOC focusing and spindle structure in PLD1-depleted oocytes, whereas overexpression of ACTR2 could rescue not only MTOC clustering, and spindle assembly but also its asymmetric positioning. Interestingly, autophagy activation induced similar defects in spindle structure and positioning; instead, its inhibition alleviated the alterations in PLD1-depleted oocytes, and this was highly attributed to the restored levels of PtdIns(4,5)P2, ACTR2 and p-CFL1 (Ser3). Together, PLD1 promotes spindle assembly and migration in oocyte meiosis, by maintaining rational levels of ACTR2, PtdIns(4,5)P2 and p-CFL1 (Ser3) in a manner of modulating autophagy flux. This study for the first time introduces a unique perspective on autophagic activity and function in oocyte meiotic development.Abbreviations: ACTR2/ARP2: actin related protein 2; ACTR3/ARP3: actin related protein 3; ATG5: autophagy related 5; Baf-A1: bafilomycin A1; BFA: brefeldin A; GAPDH: glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; GOLGA2/GM130: golgin A2; GV: germinal vesicle; GVBD: germinal vesicle breakdown; IVM: in vitro maturation; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3; MI: metaphase of meiosis I; MII: metaphase of meiosis II; MO: morpholino; MTOC: microtubule-organizing center; MTOR: mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase; PB1: first polar body; PLA: proximity ligation assay; PLD1: phospholipase D1; PtdIns(4,5)P2/PIP2: phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate; RAB11A: RAB11A, member RAS oncogene family; RPS6KB1/S6K1: ribosomal protein S6 kinase B1; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; TEM: transmission electron microscopy; TUBA/α-tubulin: tubulin alpha; TUBG/γ-tubulin: tubulin gamma; UB: ubiquitin; WASL/N-WASP: WASP like actin nucleation promoting factor.

17.
Int J Hematol ; 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the features of ETV6::ABL1 AML as well as the clinical treatment and outcomes. METHODS: Clinical data were collected from three patients diagnosed with ETV6::ABL1 AML at Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital and Beijing Lu Daopei Hospital. Their clinical and laboratory features were analyzed, and the treatment process and outcomes were described. Ten reported cases of ETV6::ABL1 AML from the literature were also included for analysis. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 34 years, and 2 patients were male. No patient had a history of blood disorders before diagnosis. After relapse, they were referred to our hospital, where the ETV6::ABL1 gene was detected. Unfortunately, Patient 1 died rapidly after leukemia relapse due to severe infection. Patients 2 and 3 received salvage therapy with a dasatinib-containing regimen, followed by allo-HSCT, and are currently alive and disease-free. CONCLUSION: ETV6::ABL1 is a rare but recurrent genetic aberration in AML, and the combined use of fluorescence in situ hybridization and PCR can better identify this fusion gene. Patients carrying ETV6::ABL1 have a high relapse rate and a poor prognosis. TKIs are a reasonable treatment option for this group, and allo-HSCT may be curative.

18.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502829

RESUMO

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease, which is prone to transform into myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). TP53 mutation is a driving factor involved in the transformation of SDS into MDS/AML, and in the evolution of MDS to AML. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) is the only curable approach, however, challenge remains regarding the balance between efficacy and the high risk from treatment-related toxicity and mortality to achieve temporary disease control before transplantation to gain time and opportunities for transplantation. At present, pre-transplant bridging therapy has emerged as one of the important options with improved efficacy, reduced tumor burden, and less treatment-related toxicity. Here we reported azacitidine combined with venetoclax was used as pre-transplant bridging regimen in a TP53-mutant AML-MR case developed from SDS. He achieved complete remission with incomplete recovery and proceeded to Allo-HSCT. We hope to provide some evidence and insight for in-depth research and clinical treatment by presenting this case.

19.
Bioresour Technol ; 398: 130530, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447619

RESUMO

Bio-photoelectrochemical cell (BPEC) is an emerging technology that can convert the solar energy into electricity or chemicals. However, traditional BPEC depending on abiotic electrodes is challenging for microbial/enzymatic catalysis because of the inefficient electron exchange. Here, electroactive bacteria (Shewanella loihica PV-4) were used to reduce graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets and produce co-assembled rGO/Shewanella biohydrogel as a basic electrode. By adsorbing chlorophyll contained thylakoid membrane, this biohydrogel was fabricated as a photoanode that delivered maximum photocurrent 126 µA/cm3 under visible light. Impressively, the biohydrogel could be served as a cathode in BPEC by forming coculture system with genetically edited Clostridium ljungdahlii. Under illumination, the BPEC with above photoanode and cathode yielded âˆ¼ 5.4 mM butyrate from CO2 reduction, 169 % increase compared to dark process. This work provided a new strategy (nanotechnology combined with synthetic biology) to achieve efficient bioelectricity and valuable chemical production in PBEC.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Dióxido de Carbono , Grafite , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Butiratos , Hidrogéis , Eletricidade , Luz , Eletrodos
20.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 325, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553541

RESUMO

City-scale traffic data, such as traffic flow, speed, and density on every road segment, are the foundation of modern urban research. However, accessing such data on a city scale is challenging due to the limited number of sensors and privacy concerns. Consequently, most of the existing traffic datasets are typically limited to small, specific urban areas with incomplete data types, hindering the research in urban studies, such as transportation, environment, and energy fields. It still lacks a city-scale traffic dataset with comprehensive data types and satisfactory quality that can be publicly available across cities. To address this issue, we propose a unified approach for producing city-scale traffic data using the classic traffic assignment model in transportation studies. Specifically, the inputs of our approach are sourced from open public databases, including road networks, traffic demand, and travel time. Then the approach outputs comprehensive and validated citywide traffic data on the entire road network. In this study, we apply the proposed approach to 20 cities in the United States, achieving an average correlation coefficient of 0.79 in average travel time and an average relative error of 5.16% and 10.47% in average travel speed when compared with the real-world data.

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