Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.684
Filtrar
1.
Adv Mater ; : e2003164, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164236

RESUMO

Exciton lifetime (τ) is crucial for the migration of excitons to donor/acceptor interfaces for subsequent charge separation in organic solar cells (OSCs); however, obvious prolongation of τ has rarely been achieved. Here, by introducing a solid additive 9-fluorenone-1-carboxylic acid (FCA) into the active layer, which comprises a nonfullerene acceptor, 3,9-bis(2-methylene-((3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-6/7-methyl)-indanone))-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2',3'-d']-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']dithiophene (IT-M), τ is substantially prolonged from 491 to 928 ps, together with obvious increases in fluorescence intensity and quantum yield. Time-resolved transient infrared spectra indicate the presence of an intermolecular vibrational coupling between the electronic excited state of IT-M and the electronic ground state of FCA, which is first observed here and which can suppress the internal conversion process. IT-M-based OSCs display an improved short-circuit current and fill factor after the addition of FCA. Thus, the power conversion efficiency is increased, particularly for devices with a large donor/acceptor ratio of 1:4, whose efficiency is increased by 56%. This study describes a novel method, which is also applicable to other nonfullerene acceptors, for further improving the performance of OSCs without affecting their morphology and light absorption properties.

2.
Trials ; 21(1): 931, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are an important HIV key population in China. However, HIV testing rates among MSM remain suboptimal. Digital crowdsourced media interventions may be a useful tool to reach this marginalized population. We define digital crowdsourced media as using social media, mobile phone applications, Internet, or other digital approaches to disseminate messages developed from crowdsourcing contests. The proposed cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) study aims to assess the effectiveness of a digital crowdsourced intervention to increase HIV testing uptake and decrease risky sexual behaviors among Chinese MSM. METHODS: A two-arm, cluster-randomized controlled trial will be implemented in eleven cities (ten clusters) in Shandong Province, China. Targeted study participants will be 250 MSM per arm and 50 participants per cluster. MSM who are 18 years old or above, live in the study city, have not been tested for HIV in the past 3 months, are not living with HIV or have never been tested for HIV, and are willing to provide informed consent will be enrolled. Participants will be recruited through banner advertisements on Blued, the largest gay dating app in China, and in-person at community-based organizations (CBOs). The intervention includes a series of crowdsourced intervention materials (24 images and four short videos about HIV testing and safe sexual behaviors) and HIV self-test services provided by the study team. The intervention was developed through a series of participatory crowdsourcing contests before this study. The self-test kits will be sent to the participants in the intervention group at the 2nd and 3rd follow-ups. Participants will be followed up quarterly during the 12-month period. The primary outcome will be self-reported HIV testing uptake at 12 months. Secondary outcomes will include changes in condomless sex, self-test efficacy, social network engagement, HIV testing social norms, and testing stigma. DISCUSSION: Innovative approaches to HIV testing among marginalized population are urgently needed. Through this cluster randomized controlled trial, we will evaluate the effectiveness of a digital crowdsourced intervention, improving HIV testing uptake among MSM and providing a resource in related public health fields. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1900024350 . Registered on 6 July 2019.

3.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 43(11): 1626-1633, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132309

RESUMO

Fuzi Lizhong decoction (FLD) is derived from an ancient Chinese Pharmacopoeia and has been used in clinical treatment for years. The present study aimed to investigate the activities and underlying mechanisms of FLD against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Network pharmacology analysis demonstrated that FLD might affect NAFLD through regulating p53 and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARG), which has been confirmed in vitro and in vivo. In vivo NAFLD was induced in rats by a high-fat diet, and in vitro studies were performed on HL-7702 cells treated with oleic acid and linoleic acid. We showed that FLD significantly improved NAFLD by regulating the immune system to induce the release of interleukin-10 (IL-10), interferon-α (IFN-α), and IFN-ß through activating p53 signaling and inhibiting PPARG signaling in vivo and in vitro. P53 inhibition induced by NAFLD was recused by FLD, while PPARG overexpression induced by NAFLD was inhibited by FLD. In addition, NAFLD resulted in increased levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood glucose in the serum and free fatty acid in the liver, which were reduced by FLD treatment. Evidently, FLD exhibited potent protective effects against NAFLD via p53 and PPARG signaling. Our study could provide novel insights into the mechanisms of FLD as an anti-inflammatory candidate for the treatment of NAFLD in the future.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170610

RESUMO

As a well-known electron-withdrawing group, benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (BT) has been intensively studied and adopted to construct polymer donors with tunable band gaps. However, polymer solar cells (PSCs) with BT-based polymer donors, limited by the weak absorption and inflexible energy level of fullerene derivatives, usually suffer mediocre power conversion efficiencies (PCEs). Here, through subtly tailoring a BT unit with asymmetric fluoro and alkyloxy groups and judiciously pairing a BT-based polymer donor with three narrow band gap non-fullerene acceptors (e.g., IEICO-4F, ITOIC-2F, and IDTCN-O), active layers with complementary absorption spectra, small lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) offsets, and preferred morphologies have been achieved. Consequently, PSCs with excellent Jsc values (over 20 mA/cm2) and high PCEs up to 12.33% have been obtained. To the best of our knowledge, the value of 12.33% is among the highest PCEs for BT-based polymers in binary PSCs so far. This work demonstrates that the cooperative effect of energy levels, absorption spectra, and morphologies between the donors and acceptors is crucial for governing the performance of organic photovoltaics.

5.
BMC Urol ; 20(1): 182, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a rare tumor that typically occurs in the pelvis and perineum, most commonly in women of reproductive age. However, no para-ureteral AA has been reported according to the literature. Case presentation We herein describe the first case of para-ureteral AA. A 62-year-old male presented to our institute in March 2017 with a para-ureteral mass that was 15 mm in diameter incidentally. No symptom was observed and laboratory analysis was unremarkable. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography imaging showed a non-enhancing mass abutting the left ureter without causing obstruction. Laparoscopic resection of the mass was performed without injury to the ureter. Pathologic and immunohistochemical results were consistent with AA. Till now, no recurrence was noticed. CONCLUSIONS: We reported a rare case of para-ureteral AA, along with a literature review. Early diagnosis, proper surgical plan and long-term close follow-up is recommended for its high risk of recurrence and malignant potential.

6.
Oncol Rep ; 44(5): 2265-2274, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000273

RESUMO

The oncoprotein N­Myc has a carcinogenic effect in numerous types of cancer, and it can cause castration resistance in prostate cancer (PCa), and leads to the development of small cell neuroendocrine cancer by regulating multiple target genes. Immunohistochemical staining, RT­qPCR, western blotting, wound healing and CCK­8 assays were used to detect the expression of N­Myc and FSCN1 as well as AR and CgA at the human level and cell level. The immunohistochemical results revealed that the protein levels of N­Myc proto­oncogene protein (N­Myc) and fascin (FSCN1) in PCa were significantly higher than that of hyperplastic tissues (P<0.05), and there was a weak correlation between them (P=0.002). In vitro, N­Myc and FSCN1 were overexpressed in LNCaP and C4­2 cell lines. The results revealed the promoting effect of N­Myc and FSCN1 on malignant progression of PCa. In addition, the endogenous FSCN1 was knocked down in the C4­2 cell line, and the results revealed that the silencing of FSCN1 enhanced the expression of N­Myc and weakened the expression of the neuroendocrine marker CgA. Therefore, the present findings indicated that N­Myc may promote the malignant process of PCa by regulating FSCN1 and FSCN1 may have a reverse regulatory effect on N­Myc.

7.
Adv Med Sci ; 65(2): 442-456, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059229

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is the most common endocrinal malignancy worldwide. Cyclin E2 (CCNE2), a member of the cyclin family, acts as a regulatory subunit of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). It controls the transition of quiescent cells into the cell cycle, regulates the G1/S transition, promotes DNA replication, and activates CDK2. This study explored the role and potential molecular mechanisms of CCNE2 expression in TC tissues. MATERIAL/METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the CCNE2 protein expression levels in TC. High-throughput data on CCNE2 in TC were obtained from RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), microarray, and literature data. The CCNE2 expression levels in TC were comprehensively assessed through an integrated analysis. Analyses of Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and protein-protein interaction (PPIs) data facilitated the investigation of the relative molecular mechanisms of CCNE2 in TC. RESULTS: The immunohistochemical experiment showed a significant increase in the expression of CCNE2 in the TC tissues. For 505 TC and 59 non-cancerous samples from RNA-seq data, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.8016 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.742-0.8612; p<0.001). With another 14 microarrays, the pool standard mean difference [SMD] was 1.01 (95% CI [0.82-1.19]). The pooled SMD of CCNE2 was 1.12 (95% CI [0.60-1.64]), and the AUC was 0.87 (95% CI [0.84-0.90]) for 1157 TC samples and 366 non-cancerous thyroid samples from all possible sources. Nine hub genes were upregulated in TC. CONCLUSIONS: A high expression of CCNE2 may lead to carcinogenesis and the development of TC.

8.
Metab Brain Dis ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044640

RESUMO

Ischemic postconditioning (PostC) conventionally refers to a series of brief blood vessel occlusions and reperfusions, which can induce an endogenous neuroprotective effect and reduce cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Depending on the site of adaptive ischemic intervention, PostC can be classified as in situ ischemic postconditioning (ISPostC) and remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC). Many studies have shown that ISPostC and RIPostC can reduce cerebral IS injury through protective mechanisms that increase cerebral blood flow after reperfusion, decrease antioxidant stress and anti-neuronal apoptosis, reduce brain edema, and regulate autophagy as well as Akt, MAPK, PKC, and KATP channel cell signaling pathways. However, few studies have compared the intervention methods, protective mechanisms, and cell signaling pathways of ISPostC and RIPostC interventions. Thus, in this article, we compare the history, common intervention methods, neuroprotective mechanisms, and cell signaling pathways of ISPostC and RIPostC.

9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(42): 25991-25998, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020292

RESUMO

Graphene has emerged as an attractive candidate for flexible transparent electrode (FTE) for a new generation of flexible optoelectronics. Despite tremendous potential and broad earlier interest, the promise of graphene FTE has been plagued by the intrinsic trade-off between electrical conductance and transparency with a figure of merit (σDC/σOp) considerably lower than that of the state-of-the-art ITO electrodes (σDC/σOp <123 for graphene vs. ∼240 for ITO). Here we report a synergistic electrical/optical modulation strategy to simultaneously boost the conductance and transparency. We show that a tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)boric acid (HTB) coating can function as highly effective hole doping layer to increase the conductance of monolayer graphene by sevenfold and at the same time as an anti-reflective layer to boost the visible transmittance to 98.8%. Such simultaneous improvement in conductance and transparency breaks previous limit in graphene FTEs and yields an unprecedented figure of merit (σDC/σOp ∼323) that rivals the best commercial ITO electrode. Using the tailored monolayer graphene as the flexible anode, we further demonstrate high-performance green organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with the maximum current, power and external quantum efficiencies (111.4 cd A-1, 124.9 lm W-1 and 29.7%) outperforming all comparable flexible OLEDs and surpassing that with standard rigid ITO by 43%. This study defines a straightforward pathway to tailor optoelectronic properties of monolayer graphene and to fully capture their potential as a generational FTE for flexible optoelectronics.

10.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 732, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual debut and non-consensual sex have been linked to higher sexual risk and STI infection in adulthood among men who have sex with men (MSM) in high-income countries. This study aimed to examine adolescent and non-consensual anal sexual debut among Chinese MSM and to evaluate factors associated with adolescent sexual debut and non-consensual anal sex. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted recently among Chinese men assigned male sex at birth, ≥18 years old, and who had ever engaged in anal sex with a man. Participants answered questions regarding socio-demographics, condomless sex, age at anal sexual debut with a man, and whether the first anal sex was consensual. Factors associated with an adolescent sexual debut (< 18 years old) and non-consensual sex at sexual debut were evaluated. We defined adolescent sexual debut as having anal sex with another man at 17 years old or younger, and the participants were asked whether their first male-to-male anal sex was non-consensual. RESULTS: Overall, 2031 eligible men completed the survey. The mean age of sexual debut was 20.7 (SD = 4.3) years old. 17.6% (358/2031) of men reported adolescent sexual debut, and 5.0% (101/2031) reported a non-consensual sexual debut. The adolescent sexual debut was associated with having more male sexual partners (adjusted OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.06-1.15) and condomless anal sex in the last three months (AOR = 1.71, 95% CI 1.34-2.18). MSM whose sexual debut was non-consensual were more likely to have condomless anal sex (AOR = 1.76, 95% CI 1.17-2.66), and to have reported an adolescent sexual debut (AOR = 2.72, 95% CI 1.75-4.21). CONCLUSIONS: Many Chinese MSM reported adolescent sexual debut and non-consensual sex, both of which are associated with sexual risk behaviors and drive STI transmission. These findings highlight the need for designing tailored interventions for MSM who experienced adolescent sexual debut and non-consensual sex at debut.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Preservativos , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Assunção de Riscos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Eur J Med Res ; 25(1): 51, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME)-mediated low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound on mature and stable Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) biofilms under different ultrasound parameters. METHODS: The biofilm was formed after 48-h culture with stable concentration of bacterial solution. Different types of ultrasound and time were applied to the biofilm, and the ultrasonic type and time of our experiments were determined when the biofilm was not damaged. The penetration effects of low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound were decided by the amount of HMME that penetrated into the biofilm which was determined by fluorescence spectrometry. RESULTS: The destruction of biofilms by pulse waveform was the strongest. Sinusoidal low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound can enhance the biofilm permeability. For a period of time after the ultrasound was applied, the biofilm permeability increased, however, changes faded away over time. CONCLUSIONS: Low-frequency and low-intensity sinusoidal ultrasound significantly increased the permeability of the biofilms, which was positively correlated with the time and the intensity of ultrasound. Simultaneous action of ultrasound and HMME was the most effective way to increase the permeability of the biofilms.

12.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106615

RESUMO

The biological effects of circularly polarized light on living cells are considered to be negligibly weak. Here, we show that the differentiation of neural stem cells into neurons can be accelerated by circularly polarized photons when DNA-bridged chiral assemblies of gold nanoparticles are entangled with the cells' cytoskeletal fibres. By using cell-culture experiments and plasmonic-force calculations, we demonstrate that the nanoparticle assemblies exert a circularly-polarized-light-dependent force on the cytoskeleton, and that the light-induced periodic mechanical deformation of actin nanofibres with a frequency of 50 Hz stimulates the differentiation of neural stem cells into the neuronal phenotype. When implanted in the hippocampus of a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease, neural stem cells illuminated following a polarity-optimized protocol reduced the formation of amyloid plaques by more than 70%. Our findings suggest that circularly polarized light can guide cellular development for biomedical use.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054176

RESUMO

Solvent effects are important for photovoltaic systems like dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) but remain largely unexplored, partly due to the complexity of explicitly including solvent molecules in atomistic simulations. To address these issues, we have systematically investigated the solvent effects in practical solar cells using ab initio excited state dynamics simulations. In this computational protocol and the extended model system, we considered giving a novel perspective on the excited state changes in response to solvation and finite temperature at the heterointerface of DSCs. By directly comparing the geometric stability of interface bonding, photoabsorption, interfacial electronic structure, and dynamics of vacuum and solvent systems, we obtain useful insights into how solvents influence the key factors that determine the efficiency of DSCs. Solvents significantly enhance the intensity of visible light absorption of chromophores (∼2 times) through two effects: (a) by inducing changes to the dye molecule structure due to intermolecular dye-solvent interactions, and (b) by the dielectric screening of the solvent. Furthermore, by adsorbing onto the TiO2 surface, solvent molecules adjust the interfacial band alignment to a favorable level and screen out the attraction force between injected electrons in the semiconductor substrate and holes left on the chromophore to a large extent, dramatically slowing down the recombination process (>8 times). Our findings provide a comprehensive picture of the explicit solvent effects on individual energy conversion steps in DSCs at the microscopic scale and lead to more accurate prediction of the performance of nanodevices in practical environments, contributing to the optimization of realistic renewable energy devices.

14.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescents are the primary target population for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. The objective of this study is to explore the acceptability of HPV vaccines and evaluate factors related to willingness to be vaccinated among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A nation-wide survey was conducted across 14 schools in mainland China. The questionnaire consisted of questions relating to socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge of adolescent sexual health, cervical cancer, HPV and HPV-related disease, and students' willingness to be vaccinated. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression were conducted in the data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 4,062 students participated in this study. Among them, only 17.1% of students reported having heard of HPV vaccines; however, 67.3% were willing to receive the HPV vaccine. Multivariable regression analysis showed that students who were from rural areas, have received sexual health education, have heard of cervical cancer or HPV vaccine, have a positive attitude toward vaccination, reported they were at the risk of developing cervical cancer, and those who value their parents' and teachers' opinions were more willing to receive HPV vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: Awareness about the HPV vaccine is low among Chinese adolescents. The factors that most related to willingness to vaccinate among Chinese adolescents were school location, education about vaccination, HPV, and HPV vaccines. Integrating health education on HPV vaccination into existing school-based sexual health curricula may be an effective way to increase HPV vaccination coverage in mainland China.

15.
Plant J ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048384

RESUMO

Brassica napus is an important oilseed crop in the world and the mechanism of seed oil biosynthesis in B. napus remains unclear. In order to study the mechanism of oil biosynthesis and generate germplasms for breeding, an EMS mutant population with ~100,000 M2 lines was generated using Zhongshuang 11 as the parent line. The EMS-induced genome-wide mutations in M2-M4 plants were assessed. The average number of mutations including single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertion/deletion in M2-M4 was 21,177, 28,675 and 17,915, respectively. The effects of the mutations on gene function were predicted in M2-M4 mutants, respectively. We screened the seeds from 98,113 M2 lines and 9,415 seed oil content and fatty acid mutants were identified. We further confirmed 686 mutants with altered seed oil content and fatty acid in advanced generation (M4 seeds). Five representative M4 mutants with increased oleic acid were re-sequenced and the potential causal variations in FAD2 and ROD1 genes were identified. This study generated and screened a large scale of B. napus EMS mutant population and the identified mutants could provide useful genetic resources for the study of oil biosynthesis and genetic improvement of seed oil content and fatty acid composition of B. napus in the future. Supporting Information.

16.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089855

RESUMO

The electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is a crucial part in developing high-efficiency fuel cells and metal-air batteries, which have been cherished as clean and sustainable energy conversion devices/systems to meet the ever-increasing energy demand. ORR electrocatalysts currently employed in the cathodes of fuel cells and metal-air batteries are mainly based on high-cost and scarce noble metal elements. It is thus of great importance to develop cheap and earth-abundant ORR electrocatalysts. In this aspect, redox-active transition metal hydroxides, a class of multifunctional inorganic layered materials, have been proposed as prospective candidates on account of their abundance and high ORR activities. In this article, the preparation and structural evolution of transition metal hydroxides, in particular their exfoliation into two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets, as well as compositing/integrating with catalytic active and/or conductive components to overcome the insulating nature of hydroxides in alkaline ORR, are summarized. Recent advances have demonstrated that 2D transition metal hydroxides with carefully tuned compositions and elaborately designed nanoarchitectures can achieve both high activity and high pathway selectivity, as well as excellent stability comparable to those of commercial Pt/C electrocatalysts. To realize the dream of renewable electrochemical energy conversion, new strategies and insights into rational designing of 2D hydroxide-based nanostructures with further enhanced electrocatalytic performance are still to be vigorously pursued.

17.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 56(9): 701-714, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029689

RESUMO

Amniotic fluid (AF) is a rich source of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) that have the ability to differentiate into multiple lineages rendering them a promising and powerful tool for regenerative medicine. However, information regarding the differences among AFMSCs derived from different gestational stages is limited. In the present study, AFMSCs derived from 125 pregnant rats at four embryonic day (E) stages (E12, E15, E18, and E21) were isolated and cultured. The primary E15 cells were the smallest in size and the easiest to culture and usually grew in a spherical shape that resembled the growth morphology of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Once adhered, the E12 and E15 AFMSCs grew faster and could be passaged more than 60 times while still maintaining a continuous proliferative state; however, AFMSCs derived from E18 and E21 could normally be maintained for only 10 passages. To identify the possible reasons for this difference, RT-qPCR was used to examine several genes associated with self-renewal ability and cell origin. The Sox2 expression levels indicated that AFMSCs from E12 and E15 possessed stronger self-renewal capability. The K19, Col2A1, FGF5, AFP, and SPC expression levels indicated there were mixed-population cells co-existing in the AFMSC culture. In conclusion, E15 cells were easier to culture than E12 cells, could be passaged more often, and had a higher Sox2 expression than E18 or E21 cells. The E15-derived AFMSCs had higher viability and proliferative capacity than cells from the later stages. Therefore, AF cells from the early stages could be a good choice for exploring potential treatments involving AFMSCs.

18.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895785

RESUMO

Alcohol use-associated disorders are highly comorbid with anxiety disorders; however, their mechanism remains unknown. The amygdala plays a central role in anxiety. We recently found that 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) significantly reduces withdrawal symptoms in a rat model of chronic intermittent alcohol (ethanol) exposure. This study aimed to determine the role of 7,8-DHF in regulating anxiety induced by chronic alcohol exposure and its associated underlying mechanism. Male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to chronic intermittent alcohol for 3 weeks followed by alcohol withdrawal for 12 h with or without 7,8-DHF administered intraperitoneally. All mice were tested using an open field test and elevated plus maze to assess anxiety-like behaviors. Synaptic activity and intrinsic excitability in basal and lateral amygdala (BLA) neurons were assessed using electrophysiological recordings. 7,8-DHF alleviated alcohol-induced anxiety-like behavior and attenuated alcohol-induced enhancement of activities in BLA pyramidal neurons. Furthermore, 7,8-DHF prevented alcohol withdrawal-evoked augmentation of glutamatergic transmission in the amygdala and had no effect on GABAergic transmission in the amygdala, as demonstrated by unaltered frequency and amplitude of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents. Microinjection of K252a, a tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) antagonist, into the BLA blocked the effects of 7,8-DHF on anxiety-like behavior and neuronal activity in the BLA. Our findings suggest that 7,8-DHF alleviates alcohol-induced anxiety-like behavior induced by chronic alcohol exposure through regulation of glutamate transmission involving TrKB in the BLA.

19.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(4): 546-551, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895109

RESUMO

Fracture healing has long been a major concern for orthopedists.Currently,about 10% of fracture patients still have poor fracture healing or bone nonunion.In recent years,research has found that nerve growth factor(NGF)can promote fracture healing.This article reviews the mechanism and research progress of NGF in promoting fracture healing.NGF can promote vascular regeneration and nerve growth at callus and plays an important role in the proliferation and migration of bone cells.New animal experiments and clinical trials have confirmed the role of NGF in promoting fracture healing and further revealed its possible mechanism of action.Further research on NGF can provide new ideas for promoting fracture healing,especially for treating nonunion.


Assuntos
Consolidação da Fratura , Animais , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Neural
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post ablation atrial tachycardias (AT) are characterized by low-voltage signals that challenge current mapping methods. In this study we analyzed common mistakes during activation mapping and delineate a mapping strategy for correct interpretation of tachycardia mechanisms in patients with challenging underlying substrate. METHODS AND RESULTS: 31 patients referred for AT ablation were selected for the study. 3 types of incorrect activation patterns were identified, which were referred to as unrecognized block line (pseudo-macrore-entry and pseudo-fig-8 re-entry), incorrect activation timing WOI (chaotic activation), and mis-annotation of complex signals (multiple sites of "early meet late"). Pseudo-macrore-entry and chaotic activation occur in focal or localized reentry AT with the error related to the window of interest selection (4 cases), incorrect annotation of LAT (6 cases) or a previous line of atrial block in (7 cases). Pseudo-fig-8 re-entry (5 cases) and multiple sites of "early meet late" (9 cases) occur in macroreentrant AT with blocked areas and low voltage atrial substrate. All ATs were successfully eliminated at the origin site. CONCLUSIONS: We delineated a series of ATs in the setting of a disordered pattern of activation mapping encountered in patients after previous extensive ablation or atriotomy. The algorithm proposed rapidly corrects the activation map and identifies the mechanism of the AT. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA