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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 14(2): 76, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725842

RESUMO

Although programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have achieved some therapeutic success in breast cancer, their efficacy is limited by low therapeutic response rates, which is closely related to the immune escape of breast cancer cells. Tissue differentiation inducing non-protein coding RNA (TINCR), a long non-coding RNA, as an oncogenic gene associated with the progression of various malignant tumors, including breast cancer; however, the role of TINCR in tumor immunity, especially in breast cancer, remains unclear. We confirmed that TINCR upregulated PD-L1 expression in vivo and in vitro, and promoted the progression of breast cancer. Next, we revealed that TINCR knockdown can significantly improve the therapeutic effect of PD-L1 inhibitors in breast cancer in vivo. Mechanistically, TINCR recruits DNMT1 to promote the methylation of miR-199a-5p loci and inhibit its transcription. Furthermore, in the cytoplasm, TINCR potentially acts as a molecular sponge of miR-199a-5p and upregulates the stability of USP20 mRNA through a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory mechanism, thus promoting PD-L1 expression by decreasing its ubiquitination level. IFN-γ stimulation activates STAT1 by phosphorylation, which migrates into the nucleus to promote TINCR transcription. This is the first study to describe the regulatory role of TINCR in breast cancer tumor immunity, broadening the current paradigm of the functional diversity of TINCR in tumor biology. In addition, our study provides new research directions and potential therapeutic targets for PD-L1 inhibitors in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Feminino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Imunoterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo
2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 123468, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731702

RESUMO

Disulfide bonds in proteins have strongly influence on the folding efficiency by constraining the conformational space. The inefficient disulfide bond formation of proteins is the main limiting factor of enzyme activity and stability. This study aimed to increase the activity of disulfide-bond-containing proteins via promoting disulfide bonds formation in Bacillus licheniformis. Initially, the glutamate decarboxylase GAD from Escherichia coli was selected as the model protein and introduced into the B. licheniformis. Then, the disulfide isomerase and oxidoreductase from different sources were excavated and overexpressed successively to improve the catalytic efficiency of GAD. The final engineered B. licheniformis showed significantly improved GAD specific activity (from 10.4 U/mg to 80.0 U/mg), which also presented perfect adaptability for other disulfide-bond-containing proteins, for instance, UDP-glucosyltransferase from Arabidopsis thaliana. Taken together, our work demonstrated that the activity of GAD in B. licheniformis was regulated by the disulfide bonds formation status and provided a promising platform for the expression of disulfide-bond-containing proteins.

3.
J Thorac Imaging ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36728026

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the role of quantitative plaque analysis and fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) derived from coronary computed angiography (CCTA) in evaluating plaque progression (PP). METHODS: A total of 248 consecutive patients who underwent serial CCTA examinations were enrolled. All patients' images were analyzed quantitatively by plaque analysis software. The quantitative analysis indexes included diameter stenosis (%DS), plaque length, plaque volume (PV), calcified PV, noncalcified PV, minimum lumen area (MLA), and remodeling index (RI). PP is defined as PAV (percentage atheroma volume) change rate >1%. CT-FFR analysis was performed using the cFFR software. RESULTS: A total of 76 patients (30.6%) and 172 patients (69.4%) were included in the PP group and non-PP group, respectively. Compared with the non-PP group, the PP group showed greater %DS, smaller MLA, larger PV and non-calcified PV, larger RI, and lower CT-FFR on baseline CCTA (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that RI≥1.10 (odds ratio [OR]: 2.709, 95% CI: 1.447-5.072), and CT-FFR≤0.85 (OR: 5.079, 95% CI: 2.626-9.283) were independent predictors of PP. The model based on %DS, quantitative plaque features, and CT-FFR (area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve [AUC]=0.80, P<0.001) was significantly better than that based rarely on %DS (AUC=0.61, P=0.007) and that based on %DS and quantitative plaque characteristics (AUC=0.72, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative plaque analysis and CT-FFR are helpful to identify PP. RI and CT-FFR are important predictors of PP. Compared with the prediction model only depending on %DS, plaque quantitative markers and CT-FFR can further improve the predictive performance of PP.

4.
Appl Bionics Biomech ; 2023: 2763099, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713625

RESUMO

Background: Fitting the surface morphology of the talar trochlea is one of the common methods to define the geometric axis of the tibiotalar joint (GATJ). However, the in vivo motion of such axis during gait has not been fully investigated. Methods: The ankle kinematic data of fifteen volunteers were collected by a dual fluoroscopic imaging system with a model-image registration method. The GATJ was defined by sphere-fitting the medial or lateral part of the trochlear surface of the talus. The position and orientation of this axis during gait were measured. To verify this axis, the distances of the feature points of the talus to the GATJ during gait were also measured. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the distances of feature points of the talus to the GATJ among the seven key poses of the gait cycle. And the position and orientation of the GATJ during gait also showed no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: The GATJ is the axis about which the talus rotated. And it is one fixed axis during gait. The current finding may help the design of the talar component for total ankle replacement based on the surface morphology of the talar trochlea.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 116194, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36716903

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a persistent, recurrent inflammatory skin disorder with a rapid upward trend worldwide. The first-line treatment for AD consists of topical medicines such as topical corticosteroids (TCSs). However, long-term use of conventional topical medicine results in side effects and recurrence, presenting therapeutic challenges for the management of AD. Ku-Gan formula (KG) has been extensively used to treat skin diseases since the Song dynasty. In particular, topical administration of the KG alleviates the cutaneous symptoms of AD and reduces recurrence rates with a good safety profile; however, the mechanisms of the KG's action remain unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of KG in AD patients and to investigate the molecular mechanisms that underlie the efficacy of KG in the treatment of AD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-arm prospective pilot study with historical controls was conducted. This study evaluated 11 patients with mild to moderate AD, who underwent topical KG treatment. The primary outcome was the change in local eczema area and severity index (EASI) scores. The secondary outcomes included the recurrence rate and safety. The recurrence rate were compared to those of a matched historical control group. Secondly, modular pharmacology analysis was used to elucidate the therapeutic mechanism of KG in AD treatment by identifying the hub genes and kernel pathways. Moreover, we evaluated treatment effects and verified modular pharmacology-based findings using the calcipotriol (MC903)-induced mouse model and bioinformatics analysis. RESULTS: Our clinical pilot study demonstrated that the KG wet wrapping could effectively ameliorate skin lesions in AD patients with a significant drop from 4.18 to 1.63 in local EASI. Compared to the historical controls, KG had a reduced recurrence rate (36%) and a longer median time to relapse (>12 weeks). Modular pharmacology analysis identified the hub genes including IL-6, IL-1B, VEGFA, STAT3, JUN, TIMP1 and ARG1, and kernel pathway including IL-17 signaling pathway of KG. Pharmacodynamic results suggested that KG ameliorated skin symptoms and demonstrated no less efficacy than halcinonide (HC) in MC903-induced AD-like mice. In addition, KG regulated the mRNA expression of hub genes as well as the related genes involved in IL-17 signaling pathway including IL-25, IL-17a,Traf3ip2, and Traf6, in skin lesions of AD-like mice. CONCLUSION: These results showed that KG is a safe and effective topical treatment for AD with low recurrence. In addition, our study identified potential molecular pathways and therapeutic candidate targets of the KG formula, providing evidence for its clinical applicability in AD.

6.
Food Chem ; 410: 135151, 2023 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623463

RESUMO

A triple-mode colorimetric and fluorescent sensing scheme based on manganese dioxide nanoparticles (MnO2NPs) and carbon quantum dots (CQDs) were developed to determine nitrite. MnO2NPs can oxidize 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) into a blue oxidation product (TMBox), which is further oxidized into a yellow diimine derivative by nitrite. The ratio of absorbance at 652 nm to 452 nm was monitored as signal response for UV-vis detection mode. A "turn-off" CQDs fluorescence probe was also constructed for fluorescent detection mode. Smartphone tool kit was used to capture the color of sample for smartphone-based measurement. Various analytical performance under different detection modes were obtained and compared. The proposed methods were applied to food samples with satisfactory recoveries (83.3-106 %). The results were validated with AOAC standard spectrophotometric method. The current triple-mode detection were accurate, convenient, low-cost and fast for analyzing nitrite in foods and water samples on-site.

7.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 408(1): 17, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate early oncologic outcomes in patients with adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) with venous invasion (VI) treated using both open and mini-invasive approaches. PATIENTS AND MATERIALS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 4 international referral center databases, including all the patients undergoing adrenalectomy for ACC with VI from January 2007 to March 2020. According to CT scan or MRI, the tumor thrombus was classified into four levels: (1) adrenal vein invasion; (2) renal vein invasion; (3) infra-hepatic Inferior vena cava (IVC); and (4) retro-hepatic IVC. In addition, we divided our patients into patients who had undergone open surgery and mini-invasive surgery. RESULTS: We identified 20 patients with a median follow-up of 12 months. The median tumor size was 110mm. ENSAT stage was II in 4 patients, III in 13 patients, and IV in 3 patients. Tumor thrombus extended in the adrenal vein (n=5), renal vein (n=1), infra-hepatic IVC (n=9), or into the retro-hepatic IVC (n=5). Ten patients were treated with a mini-invasive approach. The patient treated with an open approach reported a more aggressive disease. The two groups did not differ in surgical margins, surgical time, blood losses, complications, and length of stay. The prognosis resulted worse in the patient undergoing open. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated a difference in OS for the patients stratified by ENSAT stage (Log-rank p=0.011); we also reported a difference in DFS for patients stratified for thrombus extension (p=0.004) and ENSAT stage (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The DFS of patients with VI from ACC is influenced by the staging and the extension of the venous invasion; the staging influences the OS. The mini-invasive approach seems feasible in selected patients; however, further studies investigating the oncological outcomes are needed. A mini-invasive approach for adrenal tumors with venous invasion is an explorable option in very selected patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal , Carcinoma Adrenocortical , Trombose , Humanos , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/cirurgia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/complicações , Nefrectomia/métodos
8.
Neurosurg Rev ; 46(1): 31, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595070

RESUMO

Skull base tumors are challenging to treat because of their deep location, complex anatomy, and close proximity to important blood vessels and nerves. Furthermore, some patients with cranial tumors are found to have aneurysms, but there is no consensus on how to evaluate the impact of aneurysms on surgery and how to handle the lesions safely and effectively. We retrospectively reviewed our database to identify all patients with a skull base tumor treated in the Department of Neurosurgery of Beijing Tiantan Hospital affiliated with Capital Medical University from 2019 to 2021. The records of patients with skull base tumors associated with aneurysms were analyzed. The operative methods and postoperative follow-up information were collected. We analyzed a total of 481 patients with skull base tumors, comprising 224 males and 257 females with a mean age of 48 ± 14 years. Twenty-four patients (24/481, 5.0%) were diagnosed with aneurysms. For eight patients, it was considered necessary to perform aneurysm treatment before or during the tumor resection surgery. For the other 16 patients, the recommendation was to monitor the aneurysm or perform elective aneurysm treatment after tumor resection. All patients with both skull base tumors and aneurysms benefited from treatment. No severe postoperative complications occurred. We summarized the final treatment plan for all patients with skull base tumors with aneurysms and proposed a protocol to decrease the surgical risk of patients with skull base tumors associated with aneurysms.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Base do Crânio/cirurgia
9.
Curr Neuropharmacol ; 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total white blood cell count (TWBCc), an index of chronic and low-grade inflammation, is associated with clinical symptoms and metabolic alterations in patients with schizophrenia. The effect of antipsychotics on TWBCc, predictive values of TWBCc for drug response, and role of metabolic alterations require further study. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia were randomized to monotherapy with risperidone, olanzapine,quetiapine, aripiprazole, ziprasidone, perphenazine or haloperidol in a 6-week pharmacological trial. We repeatedly measured clinical symptoms, TWBCc, and metabolic measures (body mass index, blood pressure, waist circumference, fasting blood lipids and glucose). We used mixed-effect linear regression models to test whether TWBCc can predict drug response. Mediation analysis to investigate metabolic alteration effects on drug response. RESULTS: At baseline, TWBCc was higher among patients previously medicated. After treatment with risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, perphenazine, and haloperidol, TWBCc decreased significantly (p<0.05). Lower baseline TWBCc predicted greater reductions in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total and negative scores over time (p<0.05). We found significant mediation of TWBCc for effects of waist circumference, fasting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and glucose on reductions in PANSS total scores and PANSS negative subscale scores (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: TWBCc is affected by certain antipsychotics among patients with schizophrenia, with decreases observed following short-term, but increases following long-term treatment. TWBCc is predictive of drug response, with lower TWBCc predicting better responses to antipsychotics. It also mediates the effects of certain metabolic measures on improvement of negative symptoms. This.

10.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 47, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the facial emotion recognition of male veterans with chronic schizophrenia and the relationship between facial emotion recognition and interpersonal communication to provide a reference for designing social skills training programmes. METHOD: Fifty-six eligible male patients with chronic schizophrenia who were admitted to our hospital from October 2020 to April 2021 were selected, and 24 healthy people were selected as controls. Facial emotion recognition, social communication skills and self-perceived interpersonal disturbance were assessed using a facial emotion recognition stimulus manual, the Social Skills Checklist (SSC) and the Interpersonal Relationship Integrative Diagnostic Scale (IRIDS). Disease status was assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. RESULTS: Both the control group and the patient group had the highest recognition accuracy for neutral faces. The recognition rate for neutral expression was higher in the control group than in the patient group (p = 0.008). The rate of neutral expressions identified as happiness was higher in the patient group than in the control group (p = 0.001). The identification of anger as happiness was higher in the control group than in the patient group (p = 0.026), and the pattern of misidentification was similar between the control group and the patient group. The accuracy of facial emotion recognition was negatively associated with the age of onset (p < 0.05). The recognition accuracy for happiness was negatively associated with negative symptoms, general pathological symptoms and total scale scores (p < 0.05). The total score for expression recognition was negatively associated with the negative symptom subscale scores (p < 0.05), and there was no correlation between expression recognition and positive symptoms (p > 0.05). The recognition accuracy for happiness was negatively correlated with the IRIDS conversation factor (p < 0.05). The recognition accuracy for happiness and anger and the total scores for facial emotion recognition were negatively correlated with the SSC subscale score and the total score (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). The main influencing factors on facial emotion recognition were the SSC total score (p < 0.001) and the positive factor score (p = 0.039). CONCLUSION: Veterans with chronic schizophrenia have facial emotion recognition impairments affected by negative symptoms. There is a correlation between facial emotion recognition and interpersonal communication. HIGHLIGHTS: 1. There are extensive facial expression recognition disorders in schizophrenia. 2. The pattern of misidentification was similar in both the control group and the patient group, with the tendency for happiness to be identified as a neutral emotion, anger as happiness, and fear as neutral emotion and anger. 3. Based on the comprehensive assessment of social cognitive impairment in patients with schizophrenia, prospective studies of standardised interventions are designed to provide support for clinical practice.


Assuntos
Reconhecimento Facial , Esquizofrenia , Veteranos , Humanos , Masculino , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Emoções , Felicidade , Comunicação , Expressão Facial
11.
Genome Biol ; 24(1): 12, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-order chromatin structure plays important roles in gene regulation. However, the diversity of the three-dimensional (3D) genome across plant accessions are seldom reported. RESULTS: Here, we perform the pan-3D genome analysis using Hi-C sequencing data from 27 soybean accessions and comprehensively investigate the relationships between 3D genomic variations and structural variations (SVs) as well as gene expression. We find that intersection regions between A/B compartments largely contribute to compartment divergence. Topologically associating domain (TAD) boundaries in A compartments exhibit significantly higher density compared to those in B compartments. Pan-3D genome analysis shows that core TAD boundaries have the highest transcription start site (TSS) density and lowest GC content and repeat percentage. Further investigation shows that non-long terminal repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposons play important roles in maintaining TAD boundaries, while Gypsy elements and satellite repeats are associated with private TAD boundaries. Moreover, presence and absence variation (PAV) is found to be the major contributor to 3D genome variations. Nevertheless, approximately 55% of 3D genome variations are not associated with obvious genetic variations, and half of them affect the flanking gene expression. In addition, we find that the 3D genome may also undergo selection during soybean domestication. CONCLUSION: Our study sheds light on the role of 3D genomes in plant genetic diversity and provides a valuable resource for studying gene regulation and genome evolution.


Assuntos
Genoma , Soja , Soja/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Retroelementos , Genoma de Planta , Cromatina
12.
Environ Res ; 221: 115242, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634891

RESUMO

Low-head dams are one of the most common hydraulic facilities, yet they often fragment rivers, leading to profound changes in aquatic biodiversity and river eutrophication levels. Systematic assessments of river ecosystem structure and functions, and their contribution to eutrophication, are however lacking, especially for urban rivers where low-head dams prevail. In this study, we address this gap with a field survey on microbial community structure and ecosystem function, in combination with hydrological, environmental and ecological factors. Our findings revealed that microbial communities showed significant differences among the cascade impoundments, which may be due to the environment heterogeneity resulting from the cascade low-head dams. The alternating lentic-lotic flow environment created by the low-head dams caused nutrient accumulation in the cascade impoundments, enhancing environmental sorting and interspecific competition relationships, and thus possibly contributing to the reduction in sediment denitrification function. Decreased denitrification led to excessive accumulation of nutrients, which may have aggravated river eutrophication. In addition, structural equation model analysis showed that flow velocity may be the key controlling factor for river eutrophication. Therefore, in the construction of river flood control and water storage systems, the location, type and water storage capacity of low-head dams should be fully considered to optimize the hydrodynamic conditions of rivers. To summarize, our findings revealed the cumulative effects of cascade low-head dams in an urban river, and provided new insights into the trade-off between construction and decommissioning of low-head dams in urban river systems.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674721

RESUMO

Klotho (KL) is a glycosyl hydrolase and aging-suppressor gene. Stress is a risk factor for depression and anxiety, which are highly comorbid with each other. The aim of this study is to determine whether KL is regulated by estrogen and plays an important role in sex differences in stress resilience. Our results showed that KL is regulated by estrogen in rat hippocampal neurons in vivo and in vitro and is essential for the estrogen-mediated increase in the number of presynaptic vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (Vglut1)-positive clusters on the dendrites of hippocampal neurons. The role of KL in sex differences in stress response was examined in rats using 3-week chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). CUMS produced a deficit in spatial learning and memory, anhedonic-like behaviors, and anxiety-like behaviors in male but not female rats, which was accompanied by a reduction in KL protein levels in the hippocampus of male but not female rats. This demonstrated the resilience of female rats to CUMS. Interestingly, the knockdown of KL protein levels in the rat hippocampus of both sexes caused a decrease in stress resilience in both sexes, especially in female rats. These results suggest that the regulation of KL by estrogen plays an important role in estrogen-mediated synapse formation and that KL plays a critical role in the sex differences in cognitive deficit, anhedonic-like behaviors, and anxiety-like behaviors induced by chronic stress in rats, highlighting an important role of KL in sex differences in stress resilience.


Assuntos
Depressão , Caracteres Sexuais , Ratos , Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Depressão/metabolismo , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estrogênios/metabolismo
14.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675653

RESUMO

(1) Background: For completely lower pole renal tumors, we compared the perioperative outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy via transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches. (2) Methods: Complete lower pole renal tumors were defined as tumors that received 1 point for the "L" element of the R.E.N.A.L. and located at the lower pole of kidney. After confirming consistency in baseline characteristics, oncological and functional benefits were compared. Pentafecta achievement was used to represent the perioperative optimal outcome, followed by multivariate analysis of factors associated with the lack of pentafecta achievement. (3) Results: Among 151 patients identified, 116 (77%) underwent robotic partial nephrectomy via a transperitoneal approach and 35 (23%) via a retroperitoneal approach. Patients undergoing transperitoneal robotic partial nephrectomy experienced more blood loss than those undergoing retroperitoneal robotic partial nephrectomy (50 mL vs. 40 mL, p = 0.015). No significant differences were identified for operative time (120 min vs. 120 min), ischemia time (19 min vs. 20 min), positive surgical margins (0.0% vs. 2.86%), postoperative rate of complication (12.07% vs. 5.71%). No significant differences were identified in pathologic variables, eGFR decline in postoperative 12-month (3.9% vs. 5.4%) functional follow-up. Multivariate cox analysis showed that tumor size (OR: 0.523; 95% CI: 0.371-0.736; p < 0.001) alone was independently correlated to the achievement of pentafecta. (4) Conclusions: For completely lower pole renal tumors, transperitoneal and retroperitoneal robotic partial nephrectomy provide similar outcomes. These two surgical approaches remain feasible options for these cases.

15.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(1): 14-8, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic efficacy of governor vessel moxibustion combined with fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule, simple fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule and placebo moxibustion combined with fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule for mild to moderate depression with kidney-yang deficiency. METHODS: A total of 126 patients with mild to moderate depression with kidney-yang deficiency were randomized into a governor vessel moxibustion group (42 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a western medication group (42 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a placebo moxibustion group (42 cases, 1 case dropped off). The western medication group was given fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule orally, 20 mg a time, once a day. On the basis of the treatment in the western medication group, governor vessel moxibustion was applied from Dazhui (GV 14) to Yaoshu (GV 2) in the governor vessel moxibustion group, once a week; placebo moxibustion was applied in the placebo moxibustion group, once a week. Treatment of 8 weeks was required in the 3 groups. Before and after treatment, the scores of Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17), Asberg's rating scale for side effects (SERS) and TCM clinical symptom were compared, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. RESULTS: After treatment, the scores of HAMD-17, SERS and TCM clinical symptom were decreased compared before treatment in the 3 groups (P<0.05), the decrease ranges of above scores in the governor vessel moxibustion group were larger than those in the western medication group and the placebo moxibustion group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 92.5% (37/40) in the governor vessel moxibustion group, which was higher than 75.6% (31/41) in the western medication group and 80.5% (33/41) in the placebo moxibustion group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Governor vessel moxibustion combined with fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule can improve the degree of depression and relieve the clinical symptoms in mild to moderate depression patients with kidney-yang deficiency, the efficacy is superior to simple fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule, and can reduce the fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule-induced adverse effect to a certain extent.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Humanos , Deficiência da Energia Yang/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/etiologia , Fluoxetina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Rim
16.
J Med Virol ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625392

RESUMO

Zika Virus (ZIKV) infection is a global threat. Other than the congenital neurological disorders it causes, ZIKV infection has been reported to induce cardiac complications. However, the precise treatment plans are unclear. Thus, illustrating the pathogenic mechanism of ZIKV in the heart is critical to providing effective prevention and treatment of ZIKV infection. The mechanism of autophagy has been reported recently in Dengue virus infection. Whether or not autophagy participates in ZIKV infection and its role remains unrevealed. This study successfully established the in vitro cardiomyocytes and in vivo mouse models of ZIKV infection to investigate the involvement of autophagy in ZIKV infection. The results showed that ZIKV infection is both time and gradient-dependent. The key autophagy protein, LC3B, increased remarkably after ZIKV infection. Meanwhile, autophagic flux was detected by immunofluorescence. Applying autophagy inhibitors decreased the LC3B levels. Furthermore, the number of viral copies was quantified to evaluate the influence of autophagy during infection. We found that autophagy was actively involved in the ZIKV infection and the inhibition of autophagy could effectively reduce the viral copies, suggesting a potential intervention strategy for reducing ZIKV infection and the undesired complications caused by ZIKV. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
J Org Chem ; 88(1): 433-441, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36485008

RESUMO

A novel gold-catalyzed [4 + 1] heterocyclization of nonactivated alkyne and hydroxamic acid is developed for the regiospecific synthesis of 5-methyl-1,4,2-dioxazole, which is an important structural motif in various bioactive molecules. The current methodology is characterized by high efficiency, simple operation, mild reaction conditions, and good functional group compatibility. Moreover, gram-scale synthesis and synthetic application toward bioactive molecular skeletons have been realized.


Assuntos
Alcinos , Ouro , Alcinos/química , Ouro/química , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/química , Ciclização , Catálise
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 864: 160984, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565866

RESUMO

Cu/Ni-bearing wastewater contamination has recently been a challenge for the environmental protection worldwide. Herein, a novel poly(2-acrylamide-pentanedihydroxamic acid) (PAPDA) resin containing -CONHOH and -COOH groups was prepared and applied to effectively remove Cu2+ and Ni2+ from heavy metal wastewater. The batch adsorption experiments revealed that the maximum adsorption capacities of PAPDA resin for Cu2+ and Ni2+ were 436.08 and 195.05 mg·g-1, respectively, which were 10.20 and 9.45 times higher than that of polyacrylic resin. Specifically, the adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of PAPDA were respectively consistent with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir isotherm model, indicating that the adsorption is a single-layer chemisorption process. Besides, the adsorption mechanism was investigated by SEM, XRD, FT-IR, XPS, DFT calculations, suggesting that the PAPDA resin possessing abundant active sites could effectively adsorb the heavy metal ions. Noticeably, the -CONHOH groups represented the strong affinity towards Cu2+ and Ni2+ by forming stable five-membered rings. In addition, column experiments were conducted to study the practical adsorption process of PAPDA resin to heavy metal ions. Overall, the results proved that the novel PAPDA resin as a green and highly efficient adsorbent has a promising potential for the treatment of heavy metals-containing wastewater.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 862: 160829, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36509272

RESUMO

Wind erosion can cause desertification and sandstorms in arid and semiarid areas. However, quantitative studies of the dynamic changes in wind erosion over long time periods are relatively rare, and this knowledge gap hinders our understanding of desertification under the conditions of a changing climate. Here, we selected the Mongolian Plateau as the study area. Using the revised wind erosion equation (RWEQ) model, we assessed the spatial and temporal dynamics of wind erosion on the Mongolian Plateau from 1982 to 2018. Our results showed that the wind erosion intensity on the Mongolian Plateau increased from northeast to southwest. The annual mean wind erosion modulus was 46.5 t·ha-1 in 1982-2008, with a significant decline at a rate of -5.1 t·ha-1·10 yr-1. The intensity of wind erosion was the strongest in spring, followed by autumn and summer, and was weakest in winter. During 1982-2018, wind erosion showed a significant decreasing trend in all seasons except winter. The wind erosion contribution of spring to the total annual wind erosion significantly increased, while that of summer significantly decreased. These results can help decision-makers identify high-risk areas of soil erosion on the Mongolian Plateau and take effective measures to adapt to climate change.


Assuntos
Solo , Vento , Mudança Climática , Estações do Ano , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , China
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473533

RESUMO

Plant growth-promoting bacterium plays a significant role in improving plant tolerance to abiotic stresses. However, there are low survival and poor effect in field application, especially in unfavorable environments. Our previous study suggested that encapsulation of Bacillus pumilus G5 from polyvinyl alcohol­sodium alginate could improve plant growth and soil fertility under drought and salt soil conditions. However, in the G5 microbeads, the polyvinyl alcohol could not be degraded after entering the soil, and the loss of viable bacteria was severe during the drying process. Achieving a more eco-friendly and efficient formulation based on biodegradable polymers can have significant effects on increasing the quantity and quality of agricultural products. Herein, G5 has immobilized in the composite wall of sodium alginate-trehalose-kaolin microbeads and then evaluated the performance, and applied on the Pharbitis nil under salt or/and drought stress by pot experiment. A 2 % sodium alginate, 1 % trehalose, and 1 % kaolin formulation for the coating films resulted in optimal G5 microbeads embedding efficiency, viable bacteria, degradation rate, and sustained release. Also, the G5 microbeads exhibited longer storage life than that of the G5 suspension. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the G5 microcapsules had a near-spherical structure with a particle size of around 1000 µm forming a continuous dense composite wall membrane with obvious protrusions and folds on the surface, which facilitated the release of the G5 strain. The interior of the G5 capsule was rough and suitable for bacterial attachment. Infrared spectroscopy showed that the G5 microcapsules are a simple physical mixture with no chemical reaction between the excipients, making the G5 microcapsules chemically stable. The inclusion of the G5 microcapsules considerably induced Pharbitis nil seedlings growth and biomass under drought and/or salt stress. In the rhizosphere soil of Pharbitis nil, the G5 microcapsules increased the total cultivable bacteria population, the activities of invertase, urease, phosphatase, and catalase, and the contents of available nitrogen and available phosphorus. We concluded that a suitable formulation by bio-encapsulation with eco-friendly excipients for alleviating drought and/or salt stress in plants will be advantageous in sustainable agriculture.

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