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1.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1351921, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827156

RESUMO

While spent mushroom substrate (SMS) has shown promise in increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) and improving soil quality, research on the interplay between SOC components and microbial community following the application of diverse SMS types remains scant. A laboratory soil incubation experiment was conducted with application of two types of SMSs from cultivation of Pleurotus eryngii (PE) and Agaricus bisporus (AB), each at three application rates (3, 5.5, and 8%). Advanced techniques, including solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and high-throughput sequencing, were employed to investigate on SOC fractions and chemical structure, microbial community composition and functionality. Compared to SMS-AB, SMS-PE application increased the relative abundances of carbohydrate carbon and O-alkyl C in SOC. In addition, SMS-PE application increased the relative abundance of the bacterial phylum Proteobacteria and those of the fungal phyla Basidiomycota and Ascomycota. The relative abundances of cellulose-degrading bacterial (e.g., Flavisolibacter and Agromyces) and fungal genera (e.g., Myceliophthora, Thermomyces, and Conocybe) were increased as well. The application of SMS-AB increased the aromaticity index of SOC, the relative abundance of aromatic C, and the contents of humic acid and heavy fraction organic carbon. In addition, SMS-AB application significantly increased the relative abundances of the bacterial phyla Firmicutes and Actinobacteria. Notably, the genera Actinomadura, Ilumatobacter, and Bacillus, which were positively correlated with humic acid, experienced an increase in relative abundance. Functional prediction revealed that SMS-PE application elevated carbohydrate metabolism and reduced the prevalence of fungal pathogens, particularly Fusarium. The application of high-rate SMS-AB (8%) enhanced bacterial amino acid metabolism and the relative abundances of plant pathogenic fungi. Our research provides strategies for utilizing SMS to enrich soil organic carbon and fortify soil health, facilitating the achievement of sustainable soil management.

2.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of ischemic stroke in patients with symptomatic artery occlusion, and further to evaluate the utility of BMI as a screening tool for identifying candidates for extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the relationship between BMI and the occurrence of ipsilateral ischemic stroke (IIS) among patients receiving only medical management in the Carotid or Middle cerebral artery Occlusion Surgery Study (CMOSS). Additionally, we compared the primary endpoint of CMOSS-stroke or death within 30 days, or IIS after 30 days up to two years-among patients with varying BMIs who underwent either surgery or medical treatment. RESULTS: Of the 165 patients who treated medically only, 16 (9.7%) suffered an IIS within two years. BMI was independently associated with the incidence of IIS (hazard ratio: 1.16 per kg/m2; 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.27). The optimal BMI cutoff for predicting IIS was 24.5 kg/m2. Patients with BMI ≥24.5 kg/m2 experienced a higher incidence of IIS compared to those with BMI <24.5 kg/m2 (17.4% vs. 0.0%, P<0.01). The incidence of the CMOSS primary endpoint was significantly different between the surgical and medical groups for patients with BMI ≥24.5 kg/m2 (5.3% vs. 19.8%, P<0.01) and those with BMI <24.5 kg/m2 (10.6% vs. 1.4%; P=0.02). Surgical intervention was independently associated with a reduced rate of the CMOSS primary endpoint in patients with BMI ≥24.5 kg/m2. CONCLUSION: Data from the CMOSS trial indicate that patients with BMI ≥24.5 kg/m2 are at a higher risk of IIS when treated medically only and appear to derive greater benefit from bypass surgery compared to those with lower BMIs. Given the small sample size and the inherent limitations of retrospective analyses, further large-scale, prospective studies are necessary to confirm these findings.

3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1383035, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752182

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a microvascular complication of diabetes, severely affecting patients' vision and even leading to blindness. The development of DR is influenced by metabolic disturbance and genetic factors, including gene polymorphisms. The research aimed to uncover the causal relationships between blood metabolites and DR. Methods: The two-sample mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was employed to estimate the causality of blood metabolites on DR. The genetic variables for exposure were obtained from the genome-wide association study (GWAS) dataset of 486 blood metabolites, while the genetic predictors for outcomes including all-stage DR (All DR), non-proliferative DR (NPDR) and proliferative DR (PDR) were derived from the FinnGen database. The primary analysis employed inverse variance weighted (IVW) method, and supplementary analyses were performed using MR-Egger, weighted median (WM), simple mode and weighted mode methods. Additionally, MR-Egger intercept test, Cochran's Q test, and leave-one-out analysis were also conducted to guarantee the accuracy and robustness of the results. Subsequently, we replicated the MR analysis using three additional datasets from the FinnGen database and conducted a meta-analysis to determine blood metabolites associated with DR. Finally, reverse MR analysis and metabolic pathway analysis were performed. Results: The study identified 13 blood metabolites associated with All DR, 9 blood metabolites associated with NPDR and 12 blood metabolites associated with PDR. In summary, a total of 21 blood metabolites were identified as having potential causal relationships with DR. Additionally, we identified 4 metabolic pathways that are related to DR. Conclusion: The research revealed a number of blood metabolites and metabolic pathways that are causally associated with DR, which holds significant importance for screening and prevention of DR. However, it is noteworthy that these causal relationships should be validated in larger cohorts and experiments.


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Humanos , Retinopatia Diabética/sangue , Retinopatia Diabética/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
5.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 832024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current studies have yielded inconclusive findings regarding the connection between periodontitis  and oral cancer (OC). Therefore, our goal is to elucidate this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a thorough search of electronic databases (EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library) up to September 2023. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was applied to assess study quality. To evaluate potential publication bias, both a funnel plot and Egger's test were employed. Additionally, a sensitivity analysis was conducted to explore the source of heterogeneity when the I2 statistic exceeded 50%. RESULTS: This systematic review encompassed 16 studies, involving a total of 6,032 OC patients and 7,432 healthy controls. Our meta-analysis, incorporating data from nine studies, revealed a significant correlation between periodontitis and the risk of OC (OR [odds ratio] = 2.94, 95% CI [confidence interval] (2.13, 4.07); five studies, 6,927 participants; low certainty of evidence). Findings also suggested that individuals with more than 15 missing teeth may have a heightened risk of OC (OR = 1.91, 95% CI (1.01, 3.62)). Furthermore, clinical attachment loss (CAL) and decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) in OC patients were more pronounced compared to the control group (CAL, SMD = 1.94, 95% CI (0.22, 3.66); DMFT, SMD = 0.65, 95% CI (0.12, 1.18)). CONCLUSION: Periodontitis may serve as a potential risk factor for OC. However, caution is warranted in interpreting these findings due to the substantial level of heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Periodontite , Humanos , Periodontite/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores de Risco
6.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 18: 1531-1546, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737331

RESUMO

Purpose: Lung adenocarcinoma currently ranks the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Many anti-inflammation herbs, like tetramethylpyrazine, have shown their anti-tumor potentials. Here, we evaluated the role of a novel chalcone derivative of tetramethylpyrazine ((E) -1- (E) -1- (2-hydroxy-5-chlorophenyl) -3- (3,5,6-trimethylpyrazin-2-yl) -2-propen-1, HCTMPPK) in lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: The effects of HCTMPPK on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion were investigated by in-vitro assays, including CCK-8, colony formation assay, flow cytometry, transwell assay, and wound-healing assay. The therapeutic potential of HCTMPPK in vivo was evaluated in xenograft mice. To figure out the target molecules of HCTMPPK, a network pharmacology approach and molecular docking studies were employed, and subsequent experiments were conducted to confirm these candidate molecules. Results: HCTMPPK effectively suppressed the proliferative activity and migration, as well as enhanced the apoptosis of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Consistent with this, tumor growth was inhibited by HCTMPPK significantly in vivo. Regarding the mechanisms, HCTMPPK down-regulated Bcl-2 and MMP-9 and up-regulating Bax and cleaved-caspase-3. Subsequently, we identified 601 overlapping DEGs from LUAD patients in TCGA and GEO database. Then, 15 hub genes were identified by PPI network and CytoHubba. Finally, MELK was verified to be the HCTMPPK targeted site, through the molecular docking studies and validation experiments. Conclusion: Overall, our study indicates HCTMPPK as a potential MELK inhibitor and may be a promising candidate for the therapy of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirazinas , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Pirazinas/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Camundongos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalcona/farmacologia , Chalcona/química , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células A549 , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalconas/farmacologia , Chalconas/química , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10549, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719886

RESUMO

In the construction stage, due to construction errors and longitudinal differential settlement during tunnel operation, the amount of dislocation and opening at the segment joint increases, increasing the likelihood of water leakage. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct an in-depth study on the influence of the amount of dislocation and opening at the segment joints on the contact stress of the longitudinal section. Firstly, through theoretical analysis, this paper deduces that the waterproof performance of the gasket depends not only on its own contact area, linear compression stiffness, and Poisson's ratio but also on the height of the segment joint specimen and the amount of joint opening caused by the sinking offset angle. Then, the effects of different openings and dislocations at the segment joints on the contact stress of the segment gasket section were compared using numerical simulation and model experiments. Through numerical simulation, it is found that the dislocation has a greater influence on the longitudinal left section. The average contact stress at 16 mm is 28.3% lower than that at 4 mm, and the influence of the opening amount on the sealing gasket section is greater than that of the dislocation. Combined with the test results, it is also shown that the influence of the opening amount of the waterproof performance at the segment joint is greater than that of the dislocation, and the waterproof rate of the segment gasket section joint is greater than 40% under the modified working condition.

8.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721701

RESUMO

Two new triterpenes mayteneri A (1), mayteneri B (2), and seven known compounds (3-9) were isolated from stems of Maytenus hookeri Loes. The chemical structures of compounds 1 and 2 were established by 1D, 2D NMR, HRESIMS analysis, and calculating electronic circular dichroism (ECD). The structures of known compounds 3-9 were determined by comparison of their spectral with those reported. Compounds 4-7 showed significant inhibitory activity for NLRP3 inflammasome, with the IC50 values of 2.36-3.44 µM.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2309200, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733091

RESUMO

Electrochemical synthesis of ammonia (NH3) in aqueous electrolyte has long been suffered from poor nitrogen (N2) supply owing to its low solubility and sluggish diffusion kinetics. Therefore, creating a N2 rich microenvironment around catalyst surface may potentially improve the efficiency of nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR). Herein, a delicately designed N2 filtering membrane consisted of polydimethylsiloxane is covered on catalyst surface via superspreading. Because this membrane let the dissolved N2 molecules be accessible to the catalyst but block excess water, the designed N2 rich microenvironment over catalyst leads to an optimized Faradaic efficiency of 39.4% and an NH3 yield rate of 109.2 µg h-1 mg-1, which is superior to those of the most report metal-based catalysts for electrochemical NRR. This study offers alternative strategy for enhancing NRR performance.

10.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731437

RESUMO

The Mn-Fe oxide material possesses the advantages of abundant availability, low cost, and non-toxicity as an energy storage material, particularly addressing the limitation of sluggish reoxidation kinetics observed in pure manganese oxide. However, scaling up the thermal energy storage (TCES) system poses challenges to the stability of the reactivities and mechanical strength of materials over long-term cycles, necessitating their resolution. In this study, Mn-Fe granules were fabricated with a diameter of approximately 2 mm using the feasible and scalable drop technique, and the effects of Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) and SiO2 doping, at various doping ratios ranging from 1-20 wt%, were investigated on both the anti-sintering behavior and mechanical strength. In a thermal gravimetric analyzer, the redox reaction tests showed that both the dopants led to an enhancement in the reoxidation rates when the doping ratios were in an appropriate range, while they also brought about a decrease in the reduction rate and energy storage density. In a packed-bed reactor, the results of five consecutive redox tests showed a similar pattern to that in a thermal gravimetric analyzer. Additionally, the doping led to the stable reduction/oxidation reaction rates during the cyclic tests. In the subsequent 120 cyclic tests, the Si-doped granules exhibited volume expansion with a decreased crushing strength, whereas the YSZ-doped granules experienced drastic shrinkage with an increase in the crushing strength. The 1 wt% Si and 2 wt% Si presented the best synthetic performance, which resulted from the milder sintering effects during the long-term cyclic tests.

11.
J Integr Neurosci ; 23(5): 89, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38812380

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain is a common pain syndrome, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. The mechanism of neuropathic pain is complex. Peripheral tissue injury can trigger peripheral sensitization; however, what really plays a key role is the sensitization of the central nervous system. Central sensitization is a key factor in the perception of chronic pain. Central sensitization refers to the increased sensitivity of the central nervous system to pain treatment, which is related to the change of the functional connection mode of the neural network. The current study aims to reveal the basic molecular mechanisms of central sensitization, including the involvement of P2 purine X4 receptor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. In terms of treatment, although there are drugs and physical therapy, the accuracy of targeting is limited and the efficacy needs to be further improved. Future therapeutic strategies may involve the development of new drugs designed to specifically inhibit the central sensitization process. This article focuses on the effector molecules involved in central sensitization, aiming to elucidate the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain and provide a basis for the development of more effective treatment models.


Assuntos
Sensibilização do Sistema Nervoso Central , Neuralgia , Neuralgia/terapia , Neuralgia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Sensibilização do Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiologia , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo
12.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-8, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38814179

RESUMO

This study explored the impact of different maintenance therapies on survival outcomes in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), focusing on changes in minimal residual disease (MRD) during maintenance. Conducted at a single center, this retrospective study included 259 newly diagnosed MM patients who did not undergo autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). The results indicated that patients receiving lenalidomide as maintenance therapy showed significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared to those treated with bortezomib or no maintenance therapy. However, bortezomib proved more effective in high-risk MM cases. Patients who were MRD-negative prior to starting maintenance therapy had a better prognosis than MRD-positive patients. Notably, lenalidomide was the most effective regimen irrespective of MRD status. Patients maintaining or achieving MRD-negativity within the first year of lenalidomide treatment exhibited improved prognoses, confirming lenalidomide as the optimal maintenance choice.

13.
RMD Open ; 10(2)2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38806189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify risk factors contributing to diverse pregnancy outcomes in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) cases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on pregnant individuals with pSS, who received outpatient or inpatient care across multiple hospitals in Anhui Province, China, from January 2015 to December 2022. RESULTS: This study included 164 pregnant women with pSS and 328 control subjects, with no statistically significant difference in average age between the two groups. Analysis of pregnancy outcomes revealed that, compared with the control group, pregnant women in the pSS group were more likely to experience miscarriages, both spontaneous (12.80% vs 1.52%, p<0.001) and therapeutic (6.10% vs 0.91%, p<0.05). The proportion of placental abnormalities detected during prenatal ultrasound in women from the pSS group was higher (14.63% vs 6.40%, p<0.05). In the analysis of pregnancy outcomes for live-born neonates, a higher incidence of congenital heart abnormalities was observed in the pSS group (27.34% vs 12.03%, p<0.05). While there were no significant differences between the pSS pregnancies in terms of both normal and adverse pregnancy outcomes, a comparison of fetal survival and fetal loss in pSS pregnancies revealed a greater use of prophylactic anticoagulant therapy in the fetal survival group. Notably, the application of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) emerged as an independent protective factor for fetal survival. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with non-autoimmune controls, pregnancy in women with pSS presents more challenges. Importantly, we observed that the use of LMWH as anticoagulant therapy is an independent protective measure for fetal survival.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , China/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico
14.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 107: 117760, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762978

RESUMO

Oncolytic peptides represented potential novel candidates for anticancer treatments especially drug-resistant cancer cell lines. One of the most promising and extensively studied is LTX-315, which is considered as the first in class oncolytic peptide and has entered phase I/II clinical trials. Nevertheless, the shortcomings including poor proteolytic stability, moderate anticancer durability and high synthesis costs may hinder the widespread clinical applications of LTX-315. In order to reduce the synthesis costs, as well as develop derivatives possessing both high protease-stability and durable anticancer efficiency, twenty LTX-315-based derived-peptides were designed and efficiently synthesized. Especially, through solid-phase S-alkylation, as well as the optimized peptide cleavage condition, the derived peptides could be prepared with drastically reduced synthesis cost. The in vitro anticancer efficiency, serum stability, anticancer durability, anti-migration activity, and hemolysis effect were systematically investigated. It was found that derived peptide MS-13 exhibited comparable anticancer efficiency and durability to those of LTX-315. Strikingly, the D-type peptide MS-20, which is the enantiomer of MS-13, was demonstrated to possess significantly high proteolytic stability and sustained anticancer durability. In general, the cost-effective synthesis and stability-guided structural optimizations were conducted on LTX-315, affording the highly hydrolysis resistant MS-20 which possessed durable anticancer activity. Meanwhile, this study also provided a reliable reference for the future optimization of anticancer peptides through the solid-phase S-alkylation and L-type to D-type amino acid substitutions.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/síntese química , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligopeptídeos
15.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(10)2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to exploit integrated PET/MRI to simultaneously evaluate the morphological, component, and metabolic features of advanced atherosclerotic plaques and explore their incremental value. METHODS: In this observational prospective cohort study, patients with advanced plaque in the carotid artery underwent 18F-FDG PET/MRI. Plaque morphological features were measured, and plaque component features were determined via MRI according to AHA lesion-types. Maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) and tissue to background ratio (TBR) on PET were calculated. Area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were used to compare the incremental contribution of FDG uptake when added to AHA lesion-types for symptomatic plaque classification. RESULTS: A total of 280 patients with advanced plaque in the carotid artery were recruited. A total of 402 plaques were confirmed, and 87 of 402 (21.6%) were symptomatic plaques. 18F-FDG PET/MRI was performed a mean of 38 days (range 1-90) after the symptom. Increased stenosis degree (61.5% vs. 50.0%, p < 0.001) and TBR (2.96 vs. 2.32, p < 0.001) were observed in symptomatic plaques compared with asymptomatic plaques. The performance of the combined model (AHA lesion type VI + stenosis degree + TBR) for predicting symptomatic plaques was the best among all models (AUC = 0.789). The improvement of the combined model (AHA lesion type VII + stenosis degree + TBR) over AHA lesion type VII model for predicting symptomatic plaques was the highest (AUC = 0.757/0.454, combined model/AHA lesion type VII model), and the NRI was 50.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Integrated PET/MRI could simultaneously evaluate the morphological component and inflammation features of advanced atherosclerotic plaques and provide supplementary optimization information over AHA lesion-types for identifying vulnerable plaques in atherosclerosis subjects to achieve further stratification of stroke risk.

16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12149, 2024 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38802416

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents a major global health threat with diverse and complex pathogenesis. Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B10 (AKR1B10), a tumor-associated enzyme, exhibits abnormal expression in various cancers. However, a comprehensive understanding of AKR1B10's role in HCC is lacking. This study aims to explore the expression characteristics of AKR1B10 in HCC and its correlation with clinicopathological features, survival prognosis, and tumor immune microenvironment, further investigating its role and potential regulatory mechanisms in HCC. This study conducted comprehensive analyses using various bioinformatics tools and databases. Initially, differentially expressed genes related to HCC were identified from the GEO database, and the expression of AKR1B10 in HCC and other cancers was compared using TIMER and GEPIA databases, with validation of its specificity in HCC tissue samples using the HPA database. Furthermore, the relationship of AKR1B10 expression with clinicopathological features (age, gender, tumor size, staging, etc.) of HCC patients was analyzed using the TCGA database's LIHC dataset. The impact of AKR1B10 expression levels on patient prognosis was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazards model. Additionally, the correlation of AKR1B10 expression with tumor biology-related signaling pathways and tumor immune microenvironment was studied using databases like GSEA, Targetscan, and others, identifying microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that regulate AKR1B10 expression to explore potential regulatory mechanisms. Elevated AKR1B10 expression was significantly associated with gender, primary tumor size, and fibrosis stage in HCC tissues. High AKR1B10 expression indicated poor prognosis and served as an independent predictor for patient outcomes. Detailed mechanism analysis revealed a positive correlation between high AKR1B10 expression, immune cell infiltration, and pro-inflammatory cytokines, suggesting a potential DANCR-miR-216a-5p-AKR1B10 axis regulating the tumor microenvironment and impacting HCC development and prognosis. The heightened expression of AKR1B10 in HCC is not only related to significant clinical-pathological traits but may also influence HCC progression and prognosis by activating key signaling pathways and altering the tumor immune microenvironment. These findings provide new insights into the role of AKR1B10 in HCC pathogenesis and highlight its potential as a biomarker and therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Membro B10 da Família 1 de alfa-Ceto Redutase , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Feminino , Prognóstico , Membro B10 da Família 1 de alfa-Ceto Redutase/genética , Membro B10 da Família 1 de alfa-Ceto Redutase/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Aldo-Ceto Redutases/genética , Aldo-Ceto Redutases/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Biologia Computacional/métodos
17.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101429, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756466

RESUMO

Changes in physio-biochemical metabolism, phenolics and antioxidant capacity during germination were studied in eight different wheat varieties. Results showed that germination enhanced sprout growth, and caused oxidative damage, but enhanced phenolics accumulation. Ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid were the main phenolic acids in wheat sprouts, and dihydroquercetin, quercetin and vitexin were the main flavonoids. The phenolic acid content of Jimai 44 was the highest on the 2th and 4th day of germination, and that of Bainong 307 was the highest on the 6th day. The flavonoid content of Hei jingang was the highest during whole germination. The enzymes activities of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase (C4H) and 4-coumarate coenzyme A ligase (4CL) were up-regulated. The activities of catalase, polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase were also activated. Antioxidant capacity of wheat sprouts was enhanced. The results provided new ideas for the production of naturally sourced phenolic rich foods.

18.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 318: 124386, 2024 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763017

RESUMO

pH and Cu2+ ion concentration changes are linked to disorders like Alzheimer's and cancer. Rapid detection of pH and Cu2+ ions is critical for public health and environmental concerns. The semi-salamo-type probe (E)-2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde O-(2-(aminooxy)ethyl) oxime (NSS) demonstrated substantial dual-functional performance, sensing pH change and Cu2+ ions. A single excitation and double emission characteristic on the probe NSS made it distinctive. Probe NSS exhibits pH-dependent excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT), and its optical properties vary based on the pH environment. Probe NSS detects pH changes from 2 to 11 by changing the "off-on-off" of the excited state intra-molecular proton transfer (ESIPT) mechanism, exhibiting rapid, reversible, and selective responses. In addition, the luminescent salamo-like naphthalene-based probe NSS can coordinate with Cu2+ ions, achieving great selectivity and sensitivity to identify Cu2+ ions with a detection limit of 0.84 ppb (13.2 nM) Probe NSS can detect Cu2+ ions in actual water samples such as tap water and yellow river water. The test strip loaded with probe NSS enabled quick and accurate detection of Cu2+ ions in water samples. Consequently, the versatile salamo-type probe NSS lays the foundation for developing high sensitivity and fast-response dual-mode pH meters as well as Cu2+ sensing.

19.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 197, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38814491

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a prevalent malignant tumor among women with an increasing incidence rate annually. Breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) are integral in impeding tumor advancement and addressing drug resistance. Bestatin serves as an adjuvant chemotherapy, triggering apoptosis in cancer cells. In this study, the effects of bestatin on sorted BCSCs from breast cancer cell lines have been studied. Our results indicated that bestatin inhibits the migration and proliferation of breast cancer cells by reducing the stemness of BCSCs both in vitro and in vivo. Puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase is implicated in the process through the regulation of cell cycle, resulting in heightened cell apoptosis and diminished cell proliferation of BCSCs. Our study suggest that targeting cancer stem cell may offer a promising approach in breast cancer treatment, presenting noval therapeutic strategies for patients with breast cancer.

20.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1465, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is related to impaired oral health and function that causes poor dietary intake, declining the general health of older adults. The role of dietary intake in the association between oral function and nutritional status of Chinese older adults (aged 75 and above) was examined in this cross-sectional study. METHODS: Through the randomized cluster sampling method, 267 older adults living in rural areas of Qingdao, Shandong (aged 81.4 ± 4.3, 75-94 years) were chosen as the primary research participants. A Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form was used to determine nutritional status, and Food Frequency Questionnaire and 24-hour Food Intake Recall were used to assess dietary intake. The oral function was evaluated by analyzing the teeth, oral problems, bite force, tongue pressure, lip sealing pressure, chewing function questionnaire, whole saliva flow rate, 10-Item Eating Assessment Tool, and water swallow test. RESULTS: Based on the MNA-SF score, it was divided into a well-nourished group and a malnutrition group, with the malnutrition group comprising 40.6% of participants. The participants in the malnutrition group showed a higher rate of xerostomia, lower bite force, tongue pressure, and lip sealing pressure, and higher Chewing Function Questionnaire and 10-Item Eating Assessment Tool scores. Furthermore, their plant fat, iron, cereals and potatoes, vegetables, fruits, and seafood intake were relatively low. The regression model indicated that exercise frequency, stroke, chewing and swallowing function, intake of vegetables and fruits were risk factors for nutritional status of older adults. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition was relatively common among the Chinese older adults aged 75 and above, and it was significantly correlated with exercise frequency, stroke, chewing and swallowing function, and intake of vegetables and fruits. Therefore, nutrition management should be carried out under the understanding and guidance of the oral function and dietary intake of the older adults.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Ingestão de Alimentos/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação Nutricional
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