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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588486

RESUMO

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a widely employed material for enhancing the performance of cellulose-based triboelectric nanogenerators (C-TENGs). Our study provides a novel chemical interpretation for the improved output efficiency of ZnO in C-TENGs. C-TENGs exhibit excellent flexibility and integration, achieving a maximum open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 210 V. The peak power density is 54.4 µW/cm2 with a load resistance of 107 Ω, enabling the direct powering of 191 light-emitting diodes with the generated electrical output. Moreover, when deployed as self-powered sensors, C-TENGs exhibit prolonged operational viability and responsiveness, adeptly discerning bending and motion induced by human interaction. The device's sensitivity, flexibility, and stability position it as a promising candidate for a diverse array of energy-harvesting applications and advanced healthcare endeavors. Specifically, envisaging sensitized wearable sensors for human activities underscores the multifaceted potential of C-TENGs in enhancing both energy-harvesting technologies and healthcare practices.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586982

RESUMO

Development and fabrication of a novel gas sensor with superb performance are crucial for enabling real-time monitoring of ethylene (C2H4) and formaldehyde (H2CO) emissions from industrial manufacture. Herein, first-principles calculations and AIMD simulations were carried out to investigate the effect of the Fe-M dimer on the adsorption of C2H4 and H2CO on metal dimer phthalocyanine (FeMPc, M = Ti-Zn) monolayers, and the electronic structures and sensing properties of the above adsorption systems were systematically discussed. The results show that the FeMPc (M = Ti, V, Cr, Mn) monolayers interact with C2H4 and H2CO by chemisorption except for the FeMnPc/H2CO system, while the other adsorption systems are all characterized by physisorption. Interestingly, the adsorption strength of C2H4 and H2CO can be effectively regulated by the bimetallic synergy of the Fe-M dimer. Moreover, the FeCrPc and FeMnPc monolayers exhibit excellent sensitivity towards C2H4 and H2CO, and have short recovery time (4.69 ms-2.31 s) for these gases at room temperature due to the effective surface diffusion at 300 K. Consequently, the FeCrPc and FeMnPc materials can be utilized as high-performance, reusable gas sensors for detecting C2H4 and H2CO, and have promising applications in monitoring the release of ethylene and formaldehyde from industrial processes.

3.
Math Biosci Eng ; 21(2): 3335-3363, 2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454731

RESUMO

In the realm of the Internet of Things (IoT), ensuring the security of communication links and evaluating the safety of nodes within these links remains a significant challenge. The continuous threat of anomalous links, harboring malicious switch nodes, poses risks to data transmission between edge nodes and between edge nodes and cloud data centers. To address this critical issue, we propose a novel trust evaluation based secure multi-path routing (TESM) approach for IoT. Leveraging the software-defined networking (SDN) architecture in the data transmission process between edge nodes, TESM incorporates a controller comprising a security verification module, a multi-path routing module, and an anomaly handling module. The security verification module ensures the ongoing security validation of data packets, deriving trust scores for nodes. Subsequently, the multi-path routing module employs multi-objective reinforcement learning to dynamically generate secure multiple paths based on node trust scores. The anomaly handling module is tasked with handling malicious switch nodes and anomalous paths. Our proposed solution is validated through simulation using the Ryu controller and P4 switches in an SDN environment constructed with Mininet. The results affirm that TESM excels in achieving secure data forwarding, malicious node localization, and the secure selection and updating of transmission paths. Notably, TESM introduces a minimal 12.4% additional forwarding delay and a 5.46% throughput loss compared to traditional networks, establishing itself as a lightweight yet robust IoT security defense solution.

4.
iScience ; 27(2): 108947, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322990

RESUMO

The typical genomic feature of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) M3 subtype is the fusion event of PML/RARα, and ATRA/ATO-based combination therapy is current standard treatment regimen for M3 subtype. Here, a machine-learning model based on expressions of PML/RARα targets was developed to identify M3 patients by analyzing 1228 AML patients. Our model exhibited high accuracy. To enable more non-M3 AML patients to potentially benefit from ATRA/ATO therapy, M3-like patients were further identified. We found that M3-like patients had strong GMP features, including the expression patterns of M3 subtype marker genes, the proportion of myeloid progenitor cells, and deconvolution of AML constituent cell populations. M3-like patients exhibited distinct genomic features, low immune activity and better clinical survival. The initiative identification of patients similar to M3 subtype may help to identify more patients that would benefit from ATO/ATRA treatment and deepen our understanding of the molecular mechanism of AML pathogenesis.

5.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 79(3): 526-530, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HIV-1 drug resistance is a huge challenge in the era of ART. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of acquired HIV-1 drug resistance (ADR) in Shanghai, China. METHODS: An epidemiological study was performed among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH) receiving ART in Shanghai from January 2017 to December 2021. A total of 8669 PLWH were tested for drug resistance by genotypic resistance testing. Drug resistance mutations (DRMs) were identified using the Stanford University HIV Drug Resistance Database program. RESULTS: Ten HIV-1 subtypes/circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) were identified, mainly including CRF01_AE (46.8%), CRF07_BC (35.7%), B (6.4%), CRF55_01B (2.8%) and CRF08_BC (2.4%). The prevalence of ADR was 48% (389/811). Three NRTI-associated mutations (M184V/I/L, S68G/N/R and K65R/N) and four NNRTI-associated mutations (V179D/E/T/L, K103N/R/S/T, V106M/I/A and G190A/S/T/C/D/E/Q) were the most common DRMs. These DRMs caused high-level resistance to lamivudine, emtricitabine, efavirenz and nevirapine. The DRM profiles appeared to be significantly different among different subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: We revealed HIV-1 subtype characteristics and the DRM profile in Shanghai, which provide crucial guidance for clinical treatment and management of PLWH.


Assuntos
Soropositividade para HIV , HIV-1 , Humanos , HIV-1/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , China/epidemiologia , Alcinos
6.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect ; 57(2): 300-308, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350840

RESUMO

PURPOSES: This study determined the synergy of polymyxin B (POLB) and colistin (COL) with 16 other tested antimicrobial agents in the inhibition of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB). METHODS: We used chequerboard assays to determine synergy between the drugs against 50 clinical MDR-AB from a tertiary hospital in the Zhejiang province in 2019, classifying combinations as either antagonistic, independent, additive, or synergistic. The efficacy of hit combinations which showed highest synergistic rate were confirmed using time-kill assays. RESULTS: Both POLB and COL displayed similar bactericidal effects when used in combination with these 16 tested drugs. Antagonism was only observed for a few strains (2%) exposed to a combination of POLB and cefoperazone/sulbactam (CSL). A higher percentage of synergistic combinations with POLB and COL were observed with rifabutin (RFB; 90%/96%), rifampicin (RIF; 60%/78%) and rifapentine (RFP; 56%/76%). Time-kill assays also confirmed the synergistic effect of POLB and rifamycin class combinations. 1/2 MIC rifamycin exposure can achieve bacterial clearance when combined with 1/2 MIC POLB or COL. CONCLUSION: Nearly no antagonism was observed when combining polymyxins with other drugs by both chequerboard and time-kill assays, suggesting that polymyxins may be effective in combination therapy. The combinations of POLB/COL with RFB, RIF, and RFP displayed neat synergy, with RFB showing the greatest effect.


Assuntos
Infecções por Acinetobacter , Acinetobacter baumannii , Humanos , Colistina/farmacologia , Colistina/uso terapêutico , Polimixina B/farmacologia , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Infecções por Acinetobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Acinetobacter/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla
7.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e23394, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223721

RESUMO

Microgrids are a promising solution for decentralized energy generation and distribution, offering reliability, efficiency, and resilience. These small-scale power systems can operate independently or connect to the main grid, providing greater reliability and resilience. However, integrating renewable energy into microgrids presents challenges due to their unpredictable nature and fluctuating load of electricity. Energy management strategies play a crucial role in optimizing the operation of microgrids, aiming to balance electricity supply and demand, maximize renewable energy utilization, and minimize operational costs. Various approaches have been proposed for energy management in microgrids, including optimization algorithms, machine learning techniques, and intelligent control systems. This study proposes an optimized and efficient strategy for microgrids operating in both independent and grid-connected modes, focusing on microgrids that utilize a combination of solar and green energy sources. The proposed approach, based on the Promoted Remora Optimization (PRO) algorithm, aims to meet load power requirements at the lowest possible cost while ensuring constant DC bus voltage and safeguarding batteries against overcharging and depletion. The CRO method effectively optimized the charging process, maintaining a consistent level of charge and achieving a final SoC of 33.37 %-33.60 %. It also demonstrated high system efficiency, with an average of 87.99 %, and a range of 87.80 %-88.03 %. The optimizer efficiency ranged from 83.12 % to 86.52 %, with an average of 86.46 %. The CRO method also achieved reasonable operating costs, with a cost per power of $0.1687/kW to $0.1699/kW and a daily cost of $1,379,595 to $1,479,998. Overall, the CRO method showed promise in optimizing the charging process in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness. Comparative analysis with existing literature is conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, demonstrating its superior results compared to other energy management strategies for microgrids. This study contributes to the field of microgrid energy management by providing a novel approach based on the PRO algorithm and demonstrating its effectiveness through comparative analysis.

8.
Cancer Imaging ; 24(1): 17, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38263209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: American College of Radiology (ACR) Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS, TR) 4 and 5 thyroid nodules (TNs) demonstrate much more complicated and overlapping risk characteristics than TR1-3 and have a rather wide range of malignancy possibilities (> 5%), which may cause overdiagnosis or misdiagnosis. This study was designed to establish and validate a dual-modal ultrasound (US) radiomics nomogram integrating B-mode ultrasound (BMUS) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging to improve differential diagnostic accuracy and reduce unnecessary fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) rates in TR 4-5 TNs. METHODS: A retrospective dataset of 312 pathologically confirmed TR4-5 TNs from 269 patients was collected for our study. Data were randomly divided into a training dataset of 219 TNs and a validation dataset of 93 TNs. Radiomics characteristics were derived from the BMUS and CEUS images. After feature reduction, the BMUS and CEUS radiomics scores (Rad-score) were built. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted incorporating both Rad-scores and clinical/US data, and a radiomics nomogram was subsequently developed. The performance of the radiomics nomogram was evaluated using calibration, discrimination, and clinical usefulness, and the unnecessary FNAB rate was also calculated. RESULTS: BMUS Rad-score, CEUS Rad-score, age, shape, margin, and enhancement direction were significant independent predictors associated with malignant TR4-5 TNs. The radiomics nomogram involving the six variables exhibited excellent calibration and discrimination in the training and validation cohorts, with an AUC of 0.873 (95% CI, 0.821-0.925) and 0.851 (95% CI, 0.764-0.938), respectively. The marked improvements in the net reclassification index and integrated discriminatory improvement suggested that the BMUS and CEUS Rad-scores could be valuable indicators for distinguishing benign from malignant TR4-5 TNs. Decision curve analysis demonstrated that our developed radiomics nomogram was an instrumental tool for clinical decision-making. Using the radiomics nomogram, the unnecessary FNAB rate decreased from 35.3 to 14.5% in the training cohort and from 41.5 to 17.7% in the validation cohorts compared with ACR TI-RADS. CONCLUSION: The dual-modal US radiomics nomogram revealed superior discrimination accuracy and considerably decreased unnecessary FNAB rates in benign and malignant TR4-5 TNs. It could guide further examination or treatment options.


Assuntos
Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia
9.
Redox Biol ; 69: 103017, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38176315

RESUMO

Flavonoids are bioactive natural polyphenolic compounds with health benefits, including anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-aging effects. Our previous studies revealed that a flavonoid 4,4'-dimethoxychalcone (DMC) induced ferroptosis via inhibiting ferrochelatase (FECH). However, the effect of DMC on cellular senescence is unknown. In the present study, we found that DMC treatment selectively eliminated senescent cells, and DMC alone or a combination of DMC and quercetin or dasatinib showed high efficiency in the clearance of senescent cells. We identified FECH was highly expressed in senescent cells compared to non-senescent cells. Mechanistically, we found that DMC inhibited FECH and induced ferritinophagy, which led to an increase of labile iron pool, triggering ferroptosis of senescent cells. Importantly, we found that DMC treatment prevented hair loss, improved motor coordination, and reduced the expression of several senescence-associated secretory phenotype factors (IL-6, IL-1ß, CXCL-10, and MMP12) in the liver of old mice. Collectively, we revealed that, through the induction of ferroptosis, DMC holds the promise as a new senolytics to prevent age-related pathologies.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Flavonoides , Camundongos , Animais , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Senescência Celular , Quercetina , Dasatinibe/farmacologia
10.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses ; 40(1): 42-53, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37312534

RESUMO

Accompanied with the appearance and prevalence of the new K28E32 variant among men who have sex with men, HIV-1 circulating recombinant form 07_BC (CRF07_BC) was becoming the most predominant subtype circulating in China. The K28E32 variant with five specific mutations in reverse transcriptase coding region appears to have significantly higher in vitro HIV-1 replication ability than the wild-type strain. In this study, we characterized the special mutations/substitutions in the K28E32 variant at the genomic level. Ten specific mutations that rarely appeared in other six main HIV-1 subtypes/CRFs (A-D, CRF01_AE, and CRF02_AG) were identified in the coding genes/regions of the K28E32 variant, including S77L and a novel seven-amino acid detection (32DKELYPL38) (p6Δ7) in p6, I135L in integrase, T189S in Vif, H/Y15L/F in Vpr, I264V/A and LV/LI328-329VG in gp41, and H82C and S97P in Rev. The special locations of the novel p6Δ7, and gp41 mutations I264V/A and LV/LI328-329VG in crucial protein functional domains suggest that these mutations might be functionally important to the K28E32 variant. Furthermore, eight specific substitutions were identified in Rev responsive element (RRE) of the K28E32 variant, and were revealed to increase the stability of RRE structure with a lower minimum free energy. Whether these mutations/substitutions contribute to improved transmissibility of the CRF07_BC K28E32 variant needs to be further confirmed.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Soropositividade para HIV , HIV-1 , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , HIV-1/genética , Homossexualidade Masculina , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Genômica , Filogenia , Genótipo , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Small ; 20(9): e2306758, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37852946

RESUMO

Polymorphic phase transition is an essential phenomenon in condensed matter that the physical properties of materials may undergo significant changes due to the structural transformation. Phase transition has thus become an important means and dimension for regulating material properties. Herein, this study demonstrates the pressure-induced multi-transition of both structure and physical properties in violet phosphorus, a novel phosphorus allotrope. Under compression, violet phosphorus undergoes sequential polymorphic phase transitions. Concomitant with the first phase transition, violet phosphorus exhibits emergent insulator-metal transition, superconductivity, and dramatic switching from positive to negative photoconductivity. Remarkably, the resistance of violet phosphorus shows a sudden drop of around 107 along with the phase transition. In addition, piezochromism from translucent red to opaque black and suppression of photoluminescence are observed upon compression. Of particular interest is that the sample irreversibly transforms into black phosphorus with a pronounced discrepancy in physical properties from the pristine violet phosphorus after decompression. The abundant polymorphic transitions and property changes in violet phosphorus have significant implications for designing novel pressure-responsive electronic/optoelectronic devices and exploring concealed polymorphic transition materials.

12.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(2): e0390023, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38132570

RESUMO

The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) caused by the overuse of antibiotics severely threatens human health. Hospital sewage may be a key transmission hub for ARB. However, the complex link between the microbiome and resistomeresistance in hospital sewage remains unclear. In this study, metagenomic assembly and binning methods were used to investigate the microbial community, resistome, and association of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) with ARB in sewage from 10 representative sites (outpatient building, surgery building, internal medicine buildings [IMB1-4], staff dormitory, laboratory animal building, tuberculosis building [TBB], and hospital wastewater treatment plant) of a hospital in Shanghai from June 2021 to February 2022. A total of 252 ARG subtypes, belonging to 17 antibiotic classes, were identified. The relative abundance of KPC-2 was higher at IMBs and TBB than at other sites. Of the ARG-carrying contigs, 47.3%-62.6% were associated with mobile genetic elements, and the proportion of plasmid-associated ARGs was significantly higher than that of chromosome-associated ARGs. Although a similar microbiome composition was shared, certain bacteria were enriched at different sites. Potential pathogens Enterococcus B faecium and Klebsiella pneumoniae were primarily enriched in IMB2 and IMB4, respectively. The same ARGs were identified in diverse bacterial hosts (especially pathogenic bacteria), and accordingly, the latter possessed multiple ARGs. Furthermore, gene flow was frequently observed in the sewage of different buildings. The results provide crucial information on the characterization profiles of resistomes in hospital sewage in Shanghai.IMPORTANCEEnvironmental antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) play a critical role in the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance, which poses a global health threat. Wastewater from healthcare facilities serves as a significant reservoir for ARGs. Here, we characterized the microbial community along with the resistome (comprising all antibiotic resistance genes) in wastewater from a specialized hospital for infectious diseases in Shanghai. Potential pathogenic bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococcus B faecium) were frequently detected in hospital wastewater and carried multiple ARGs. A complex link between microbiome and resistome was observed in the wastewater of this hospital. The monitoring of ARGs and antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) in hospital wastewater might be of great significance for preventing the spread of ARB.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Microbiota , Animais , Humanos , Esgotos/microbiologia , Águas Residuárias , Genes Bacterianos , Antibacterianos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , China , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Bactérias/genética , Doenças Transmissíveis/genética , Hospitais
13.
Adv Mater ; : e2310532, 2023 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38095435

RESUMO

Metallo-ß-lactamases (MBLs) represent a prevalent resistance mechanism in Gram-negative bacteria, rendering last-line carbapenem-related antibiotics ineffective. Here, a bioresponsive sliver peroxide (Ag2 O2 )-based nanovesicle, named Ag2 O2 @BP-MT@MM, is developed as a broad-spectrum MBL inhibitor for combating MBL-producing bacterial pneumonia. Ag2 O2 nanoparticle is first orderly modified with bovine serum albumin and polydopamine to co-load meropenem (MER) and [5-(p-fluorophenyl)-2-ureido]-thiophene-3-carboxamide (TPCA-1) and then encapsulated with macrophage membrane (MM) aimed to target inflammatory lung tissue specifically. The resultant Ag2 O2 @BP-MT@MM effectively abrogates MBL activity by displacing the Zn2+ cofactor in MBLs with Ag+ and displays potent bactericidal and anti-inflammatory properties, specific targeting abilities, and great bioresponsive characteristics. After intravenous injection, the nanoparticles accumulate prominently at infection sites through MM-mediated targeting . Ag+ released from Ag2 O2 decomposition at the infection sites effectively inhibits MBL activity and overcomes the resistance of MBL-producing bacteria to MER, resulting in synergistic elimination of bacteria in conjunction with MER. In two murine infection models of NDM-1+ Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced severe pneumonia and NDM-1+ Escherichia coli-induced sepsis-related bacterial pneumonia, the nanoparticles significantly reduce bacterial loading, pro-inflammatory cytokine levels locally and systemically, and the recruitment and activation of neutrophils and macrophages. This innovative approach presents a promising new strategy for combating infections caused by MBL-producing carbapenem-resistant bacteria.

15.
Math Biosci Eng ; 20(12): 21120-21146, 2023 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38124590

RESUMO

To further reform the medical and health care system, regulating multi-level treatment and rationalizing the use of medicine, and securing prescription circulation information, this study explores the evolutionary behavior of three players in terms of information security collaboration under the prescription circulation policy, analyzes the evolutionary paths, and examines the influence of key parameters on evolutionary outcomes by constructing a tripartite evolutionary game model consisting of hospitals, retail pharmacies, and healthcare service platforms. The study shows the following: (1) When the information security costs of prescription circulation increase, the willingness of hospitals to promote information collaboration weakens, the probability of control and regulation by healthcare platforms will be enhanced, and the incentive for retail pharmacies to undertake prescription circulation increases and then decreases. (2) The increased profitability of prescription drug sales can cause a decrease in the likelihood of both parties working together to promote information security. Increasing the collaborative space between hospitals and retail pharmacies is conducive to improving information security in the circulation of prescriptions. (3) A bi-directional constraint relationship exists between the circulation and control subjects. The shorter the technology spillover time from the healthcare service platform is, the higher the probability that hospitals and retail pharmacies will maintain the security of prescription information. (4) In the early stages of prescription circulation, the external regulatory action of the healthcare service platform is essential to improve the coordination of information security. Finally, combined with the tripartite evolutionary game model and simulation analysis results, it offers countermeasures and suggestions for the government to realize the prescription circulation information security collaboration.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Prescrições , Humanos , China , Teoria do Jogo
16.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 15(10): 2191-2200, 2023 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37969721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation of elderly patients with a high body mass index (BMI) after cholecystectomy carries risks and requires the adoption of effective perioperative management strategies. The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is a comprehensive treatment approach that facilitates early patient recovery and reduces postoperative complications. AIM: To compare the effectiveness of traditional perioperative management methods with the ERAS protocol in elderly patients with gallbladder stones and a high BMI. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined data from 198 elderly patients with a high BMI who underwent cholecystectomy at the Shanghai Fourth People's Hospital from August 2019 to August 2022. Among them, 99 patients were managed using the traditional perioperative care approach (non-ERAS protocol), while the remaining 99 patients were managed using the ERAS protocol. Relevant indicator data were collected for patients preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively, and surgical outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The comparison results between the two groups of patients in terms of age, sex, BMI, underlying diseases, surgical type, and preoperative hospital stay showed no statistically significant differences. However, the ERAS group had a significantly shorter preoperative fasting time than the non-ERAS group (4.0 ± 0.9 h vs 7.6 ± 0.9 h). Regarding intraoperative indicators, there were no significant differences between the two groups of patients. However, in terms of postoperative recovery, the ERAS protocol group exhibited significant advantages over the non-ERAS group, including a shorter hospital stay, lower postoperative pain scores and postoperative hunger scores, and higher satisfaction levels. The readmission rate was lower in the ERAS protocol group than in the non-ERAS group (3.0% vs 8.1%), although the difference was not significant. Furthermore, there were significant differences between the two groups in terms of postoperative nausea and vomiting severity, postoperative abdominal distention at 24 h, and daily life ability scores. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study demonstrate that the ERAS protocol confers significant advantages in postoperative outcomes following cholecystectomy, including reduced readmission rates, decreased postoperative nausea and vomiting, alleviated abdominal distension, and enhanced functional capacity. While the protocol may not exhibit significant improvement in early postoperative symptoms, it does exhibit advantages in long-term postoperative symptoms and recovery. These findings underscore the importance of implementing the ERAS protocol in the postoperative management of cholecystectomy patients, as it contributes to improving patients' recovery and quality of life while reducing health care resource utilization.

17.
iScience ; 26(11): 108051, 2023 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37942009

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play widespread roles in various processes. However, there is still limited understanding of the precise mechanisms through which they regulate early stage cardiomyocyte differentiation. In this study, we identified a specific lncRNA called LHX1-DT, which is transcribed from a bidirectional promoter of LIM Homeobox 1 (LHX1) gene. Our findings demonstrated that LHX1-DT is nuclear-localized and transiently elevated expression along with LHX1 during early differentiation of cardiomyocytes. The phenotype was rescued by overexpression of LHX1 into the LHX1-DT-/- hESCs, indicating LHX1 is the downstream of LHX1-DT. Mechanistically, we discovered that LHX1-DT physically interacted with RNA/histone-binding protein PHF6 during mesoderm commitment and efficiently replaced conventional histone H2A with a histone variant H2A.Z at the promoter region of LHX1. In summary, our work uncovers a novel lncRNA, LHX1-DT, which plays a vital role in mediating the exchange of histone variants H2A.Z and H2A at the promoter region of LHX1.

18.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-23, 2023 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38010116

RESUMO

Rice is a staple food for two-thirds of the world's population and is grown in over a hundred countries around the world. Due to its large scale, it is vulnerable to adulteration. In addition, the quality attribute of rice is an important factor affecting the circulation and price, which is also paid more and more attention. The combination of spectroscopy and chemometrics enables rapid detection of authenticity and quality attributes in rice. This article described the application of seven spectroscopic techniques combined with chemometrics to the rice industry. For a long time, near-infrared spectroscopy and linear chemometric methods (e.g., PLSR and PLS-DA) have been widely used in the rice industry. Although some studies have achieved good accuracy, with models in many studies having greater than 90% accuracy. However, higher accuracy and stability were more likely to be obtained using multiple spectroscopic techniques, nonlinear chemometric methods, and key wavelength selection algorithms. Future research should develop larger rice databases to include more rice varieties and larger amounts of rice depending on the type of rice, and then combine various spectroscopic techniques, nonlinear chemometric methods, and key wavelength selection algorithms. This article provided a reference for a more efficient and accurate determination of rice quality and authenticity.

19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(59): 123827-123831, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37991618

RESUMO

This research was designed to investigate the effects of cadmium (Cd) on liver function in turtle Mauremys reevesii. Turtles were divided into 4 groups at random. The turtles were injected intraperitoneally with Cd at 0, 7.5, 15, 30 mg kg-1 Cd chloride separately. Liver index was calculated. The activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and the content of TP in liver were examined with biochemical methods. The results indicated that the liver index of turtles changed obviously only at higher dose and longer time. The activities of ALT and AST in liver increased with prolongation of exposure time in a dose-dependent manner. TP content in liver was lower than that in the control. In summary, Cd had an obvious toxic effect on liver tissues of freshwater turtle Mauremys reevesii, and it was dose dependent with the extension of exposure time. But the results also showed that the turtle had strong tolerance to Cd.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Fígado , Tartarugas , Animais , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cloreto de Cádmio/toxicidade
20.
Infect Drug Resist ; 16: 6983-6998, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37933293

RESUMO

Objective: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) in children seriously threatens TB control. Information on the epidemiology and characteristics of DR-TB in children in China is limited. We studied data in Shenyang Tenth People's Hospital to understand the DR-TB epidemiology in children in Shenyang. Design or Methods: We retrospectively analyzed drug resistance testing data of pediatric TB patients between 2017 and 2021, and included 2976 clinically-diagnosed pediatric TB patients. We described the epidemiology of DR-TB and analyzed the trends of DR-TB incidence. The Kappa value was calculated to assess the agreement between MGIT 960 DST and Xpert MTB/RIF for detecting rifampicin resistance. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors for DR-TB in pediatric patients. Results: Of the 2976 TB patients, 1076 were confirmed by MGIT 960 culture and/or Xpert MTB/RIF. Among the 806 patients identified by MGIT 960 culture, 232 cases (28.78%) were DR-TB. Resistance to the six drugs was in the following order: streptomycin (21.09%), isoniazid (9.35%), rifampin (15.01%), levofloxacin (6.20%), ethambutol (4.22%), and amikacin (3.23%). Alarmingly, 12.90% were MDR-TB (104/806), including 28 (3.47%) pre-XDR-TB. Of the 1076 pediatric TB patients, 295 (27.4%) developed DR-TB to any one drug (including 69 rifampicin-resistant cases identified by Xpert MTB/RIF only). No difference was found in the incidence of pediatric DR-TB between 2017 and 2021. Among 376 patients who were positive for both methods, using the MGIT 960 DST results as the gold standard, Xpert MTB/RIF's sensitivity for detecting rifampicin resistance was 91.38% and its specificity was 94.65%. Conclusion: Between 2017 and 2021, the DR-TB incidence in children remained unchanged in Shenyang. RR-TB, MDR-TB, and even Pre-XDR-TB require attention in children with drug-resistant TB. Xpert MTB/RIF helped to detect more rifampicin-resistant pediatric patients; thus Xpert MTB/RIF should be widely used as an important complementary tool to detect rifampicin-resistant TB in children.

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