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BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 112, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321392


BACKGROUND: In many countries, abortions at 20 weeks and over for indications other than fetal or maternal medicine are difficult to access due to legal restrictions and limited availability of services. The Abortion and Contraception Service at the Royal Women's Hospital in Victoria, Australia is the only service in the state that provides this service. The views and experiences of these abortion providers can give insight into the experiences of staff and women and the abortion system accessibility. The aim of this study was to examine health providers' perceptions and experiences of providing abortion care at 20 weeks and over for indications other than fetal or maternal medicine, as well as enablers and barriers to this care and how quality of care could be improved in one hospital in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted at the Abortion and Contraception Service at the Royal Women's Hospital. Participants were recruited by convenience and purposive sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted one-on-one with participants either online or in-person. A reflexive thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: In total, 17 healthcare providers from medicine, nursing, midwifery, social work and Aboriginal clinical health backgrounds participated in the study. Ultimately, three themes were identified: 'Being committed to quality care: taking a holistic approach', 'Surmounting challenges: being an abortion provider is difficult', and 'Meeting external roadblocks: deficiencies in the wider healthcare system'. Participants felt well-supported by their team to provide person-centred and holistic care, while facing the emotional and ethical challenges of their role. The limited abortion workforce capacity in the wider healthcare system was perceived to compromise equitable access to care. CONCLUSIONS: Providers of abortion at 20 weeks and over for non-medicalised indications encounter systemic enablers and barriers to delivering care at personal, service delivery and healthcare levels. There is an urgent need for supportive policies and frameworks to strengthen and support the abortion provider workforce and expand provision of affordable, acceptable and accessible abortions at 20 weeks and over in Victoria and in Australia more broadly.

Aborto Induzido , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Vitória , Aborto Induzido/psicologia , Anticoncepção , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843587


OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences (including symptoms and perceived impacts on daily living) of people with a shoulder disorder. METHODS: Systematic review of qualitative studies. We searched for eligible qualitative studies indexed in Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, CINAHL (EBSCO), SportDiscus (EBSCO) and Ovid PsycINFO up until November 2017. Two authors independently screened studies for inclusion, appraised their methodological quality using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist, used thematic synthesis methods to generate themes describing the experiences reported by participants and assessed the confidence in the findings using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation Confidence in Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research (GRADE-CERQual) approach. RESULTS: The inclusion criteria were met by eight studies, which included 133 participants (49 females and 84 males) with either rotator cuff disease, adhesive capsulitis, proximal humeral fracture, shoulder instability or unspecified shoulder pain. We generated seven themes to describe what people in the included studies reported experiencing: pain; physical function/activity limitations; participation restriction; sleep disruption; cognitive dysfunction; emotional distress; and other pathophysiological manifestations (other than pain). There were interactions between the themes, with particular experiences impacting on others (e.g. pain leading to reduced activities and sleep disruption). Following grading of the evidence, we considered it likely that most of the review findings were a reasonable representation of the experiences of people with shoulder disorders. CONCLUSION: Patients with shoulder disorders contend with considerable disruption to their life. The experiences described should be considered by researchers seeking to select the most appropriate outcomes to measure in clinical trials and other research studies in people with shoulder disorders.

BMJ ; 364: l42, 2019 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700403


OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of regular breakfast consumption on weight change and energy intake in people living in high income countries. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Ovid Medline, and CINAHL were searched for randomised controlled trials published between January 1990 and January 2018 investigating the effect of breakfast on weight or energy intake. and the World Health Organization's International Clinical Trials Registry Platform search portal were also searched in October 2018 to identify any registered yet unpublished or ongoing trials. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials from high income countries in adults comparing breakfast consumption with no breakfast consumption that included a measure of body weight or energy intake. Two independent reviewers extracted the data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. Random effects meta-analyses of the effect of breakfast consumption on weight and daily energy intake were performed. RESULTS: Of 13 included trials, seven examined the effect of eating breakfast on weight change, and 10 examined the effect on energy intake. Meta-analysis of the results found a small difference in weight favouring participants who skipped breakfast (mean difference 0.44 kg, 95% confidence interval 0.07 to 0.82), but there was some inconsistency across trial results (I2=43%). Participants assigned to breakfast had a higher total daily energy intake than those assigned to skip breakfast (mean difference 259.79 kcal/day, 78.87 to 440.71; 1 kcal=4.18 kJ), despite substantial inconsistency across trial results (I2=80%). All of the included trials were at high or unclear risk of bias in at least one domain and had only short term follow-ups (mean period seven weeks for weight, two weeks for energy intake). As the quality of the included studies was mostly low, the findings should be interpreted with caution. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the addition of breakfast might not be a good strategy for weight loss, regardless of established breakfast habit. Caution is needed when recommending breakfast for weight loss in adults, as it could have the opposite effect. Further randomised controlled trials of high quality are needed to examine the role of breakfast eating in the approach to weight management. STUDY REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number CRD42017057687.

Peso Corporal , Desjejum/fisiologia , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/normas
J Behav Med ; 28(5): 433-42, 2005 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16179981


Many patients experience decrements in cognitive function and emotional adjustment following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Moreover, cognitive decline and emotional distress are often positively related. This study evaluated the cross-sectional and prospective associations of emotional and subjective cognitive complaints, to assess the hypothesis that they would be mutually reinforcing. Participants were 76 CABG patients recruited from Akron General Medical Center. Depression and anxiety symptoms and perceived cognitive difficulties were evaluated at a baseline postsurgical visit and re-assessed 5 months later. Emotional symptoms and perceived cognitive difficulties were significantly related both within and across time. After controlling for numerous potential confounds, baseline perceived cognitive difficulties predicted a more negative course of emotional symptoms during follow-up. Baseline emotional symptoms did not predict the course of perceived cognitive difficulties. Perceptions of cognitive decline may contribute to emotional distress in patients post-CABG.

Ansiedade/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Idoso , Amnésia/psicologia , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inventário de Personalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Retenção Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia