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2.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 55(6): 1087-1091, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37681578

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Research findings and knowledge translation are typically disseminated via presentations at professional meetings and publication in peer-review journals. However, other opportunities to translate research evidence into practice exist, including the use of visual cues. AIM: The aim of this paper is to describe the collaborative process of translating key research findings into a clear and compelling visual communication tool. DESIGN: As part of a multimodal research dissemination strategy, the researchers partnered with the University Health Communication Design Program faculty to develop a visual communication strategy to promote the use of antibiotic time-outs by nurses in a health system. An environmental poster was identified as an appropriate mode of communication for its potential to convey a message quickly, impactfully, and economically. METHODS: Five-step systematic approach, including feedback from end-users. RESULTS: To augment our research dissemination strategy, an action-oriented visual communication tool in the form of a 36x48 inch poster was created within four weeks and placed in the work environment. Unit nursing leaders and staff decided on poster locations for maximum nurse engagement with the message. CONCLUSION: Creating visual communication to display scientific information is an important skill, but most nurse researchers never receive any formal training that encourages participation in collaborative development of visual communication tools. Our collaboration, was iterative, reflective, and provided a unique opportunity for shared learning. Partnering with health communication designers to expand research reach and impact is invaluable and should be considered as part of a dissemination strategy. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Clinical nurses' benefit from 'seeing' the science narrowed to a simple message in order to spark dialogue or remind them what they need to 'do'.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Aprendizagem , Humanos , Competência Clínica
3.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 35(11): 684-690, 2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37602870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The overuse of antibiotics contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance (AR) and exposes patients to potential antibiotic-related harm. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are well positioned to optimize antibiotic use; however, little is known about the factors influencing NP prescribing behaviors. PURPOSE: Describe the knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control in prescribing antibiotics among NPs practicing at a large university-affiliated health care system in the northeast United States. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional online anonymous survey using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample. Nonparametric tests were used to examine differences in the dependent variables by demographic characteristics. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-four of 618 NPs (28%) completed the survey. Almost all considered AR a problem in the United States, but only half considered it a problem in their health care setting. More than half indicated they prescribed antibiotics less than 25% of the time in daily practice. Most were confident in making antibiotic prescribing decisions. There was a positive relationship between years of experience as NPs and their confidence in making antibiotic prescribing decisions ( p < .003) and an inverse relationship between years of experience as NPs and asking for advice from physicians or pharmacists when prescribing antibiotics ( p < .002). CONCLUSION/IMPLICATIONS: With increasing numbers of NPs managing infectious diseases and prescribing antibiotics, these findings will inform interventions to support appropriate prescribing behaviors.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Projetos Piloto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Teoria do Comportamento Planejado , Padrões de Prática Médica
4.
Am J Infect Control ; 51(12): 1295-1301, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37625547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted quality of care and patient safety. This study aimed to describe registered nurses' (RNs) perceptions on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their ability to adhere to patient safety protocols using Donabedian's Health Care Quality model. METHODS: In October 2020, a survey was conducted among all actively licensed RNs in New Jersey who provided direct patient care during the first peak of COVID-19. RESULTS: Of 3,027 participants, 68% reported that the number of patients assigned impacted their ability to adhere to protocols. RNs identified a variety of organizational structures impacting adherence, including inadequate staffing, staff qualifications, and inadequate resources. Impacted processes included the inability to adhere to patient safety protocols and conduct comprehensive assessments and surveillance, the need for additional time spent on personal protective equipment and isolation policies, and difficulty maintaining isolation integrity; the need to prioritize and cluster care; and guidelines limiting personnel who could enter the room. Nurses attributed both adverse patient and staff outcomes to inadequate staffing and high patient acuity. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the need for health care organizations to support frontline nursing staff in adhering to patient safety and infection prevention and control protocols during times of crises. Infection preventionists have substantial contact with bedside nurses and should leverage their collegial relationships to promote patient safety.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde
5.
J Prof Nurs ; 46: 65-69, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37188424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Essentials: Core Competencies for Professional Nursing Education was published in 2021 to establish competency-based education on two levels; entry and advanced. Advanced level competencies are intended for doctorally prepared professionals. PURPOSE: The purpose of this initiative was to align a Post Master's Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Program with the new 2021 American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) Competency-Based Essentials. METHODS: Three DNP faculty met weekly, outlined a timeframe and approached the revision as a quality improvement plan to revise the curriculum based on our comprehensive review of the domains and concepts of the revised (2021) AACN Essentials. DNP Course Leads were interviewed to evaluate the course objectives, student learning objectives, assignments, and course content. RESULTS: Six new program outcomes (POs) were written. For each (PO), measurable student learning outcomes (SLOs) were articulated for each course. Several courses were combined or retired, and several new courses were added including an elective. The DNP project was reframed based on a 'systems' approach to implement quality improvement (QI) within the health care system in consideration of the concepts of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) and the impact on patient outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In keeping with the Mission, Vision and Values of the College and with the collaboration and support from the Dean, the graduate Chair, and faculty of the College, the post-master's DNP program was approved with an anticipated start date in Summer, 2023.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Humanos , Currículo , Educação Baseada em Competências , Docentes de Enfermagem
6.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 53(9): 417-423, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041206

RESUMO

Background Antibiotic resistance is a leading global public health threat. Nurses are well positioned to optimize antibiotic use via targeted antibiotic stewardship (AS) nursing practices. However, standardized AS education for nurses is lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an online AS for nurses continuing education program on nurses' antibiotic resistance, antibiotic, and AS knowledge and their intent to integrate AS into their clinical practice. Method A quasi-experiential pretest-posttest design was used with a convenience sample of nurses at a U.S. academic medical center. Focus groups were conducted with those completing the program. Results Forty-seven of 100 eligible nurses completed the program and the pre- and posttest surveys. Participation resulted in statistically significant increases (p < .05) in antibiotic resistance, antibiotic, and AS knowledge, confidence, and perceptions related to the role of nursing in AS. Focus group participants had multiple recommendations for ways to integrate AS in daily nursing practice. Conclusion Completing a comprehensive AS nursing continuing education program could prove instrumental to motivating nurses to adopt AS nursing practices. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2022;53(9):417-423.].


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Antibacterianos , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Nurse Educ Today ; 113: 105362, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistant infections are a growing global public health threat poised to render antibiotics ineffective in treating even the most common infectious diseases. It is essential that future nurses have the knowledge and skills to keep patients safe from antibiotic harm in all health care settings, however, studies indicate that there is limited education provided in nursing schools regarding antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance, and antibiotic stewardship nursing practices. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of a virtual, scenario-based simulation experience using simulated participants on pre-licensure baccalaureate nursing students' antibiotic, antibiotic resistance, and antibiotic stewardship nursing practice knowledge. METHODS: A quasi-experiential repeated measure pre-posttest design was used with a convenience sample of 165 pre-licensure baccalaureate nursing students enrolled in a health promotion course at a private university in the northeast region of the United States. The NLN Jeffries Simulation Theory guided the virtual simulation experience and used simulated participants methodology. RESULTS: All students participated in the simulation experience. Statistically significant increases were noted (p < 0.005) in antibiotic, antibiotic use, and antibiotic resistance knowledge between the pre and post surveys. The most significant changes were in knowledge of antibiotic stewardship nursing practices. CONCLUSION: Integration of virtual, scenario-based simulations provided students an active learning opportunity to practice antibiotic stewardship assessment and practice skills through real life-like situational experiences with simulated participants, resulting in improved antibiotic, antibiotic resistance, and antibiotic stewardship knowledge.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
8.
Am J Infect Control ; 50(5): 572-574, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35158011

RESUMO

Nurses play an important role in the vaccine readiness process and high vaccination rates among nurses are essential to ensuring successful vaccination programs. This study sought to examine whether the intention to get vaccinated varied by race and/or ethnicity among a large sample of registered nurses in New Jersey.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , New Jersey , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação , Hesitação Vacinal
10.
Am J Infect Control ; 50(1): 99-104, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a pervasive view among some nurses and health care disciplines that antibiotic stewardship (AS) is solely a physician or pharmacist responsibility. There is an urgent need to alter this view so that nurses can seize every opportunity to prevent patient harm from antibiotics and optimize antibiotic use. One challenge to achieving full nurse engagement as equal members of the AS team is lack of an organizing framework to illustrate relationships of phenomena and concepts inherent to adoption of AS nursing practices. METHODS: We sought to create a framework derived from the peer-reviewed literature, systematic and scoping reviews, and professional standards, consensus statements and white papers. The emerging framework went through multiple iterations as it was vetted with nurse clinicians, scholars and educators, physicians, pharmacists, infection preventionists and AS subject matter experts. RESULTS: Our evidence-based Antibiotic Stewardship Nursing Practice SCAN-P Framework provides the much-needed context and clarity to help guide local-level nurses to participate in and lead AS nursing practice. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses worldwide are ideally situated to provide holistic person-centered care, advocate for judicious use of antibiotics to minimize antibiotic resistance, and be AS educators of their patients, communities and the general public. The Antibiotic Stewardship Nursing Practice SCAN-P Framework provides a tool to do so.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Médicos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Atenção à Saúde , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Humanos , Farmacêuticos
11.
Am J Infect Control ; 49(10): 1316-1317, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126142

RESUMO

Nursing students must graduate from their programs equipped with evidenced-based knowledge and skills to prevent, detect, control, and stop the spread of infectious agents regardless of setting. This program evaluation sought to determine curricular integration of the concept of infection and infection prevention and control practices.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Currículo , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
12.
Nurs Outlook ; 69(4): 565-573, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unprecedented efforts are underway to develop COVID-19 vaccines, widely seen as critical to controlling the pandemic. Academic nursing leaders must be proactive in assuring widespread faculty and student vaccination uptake. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe nursing faculty and student nurse factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine readiness. METHODS: Cross-sectional online survey of nursing faculty and student nurses at a university affiliated with an academic medical center was conducted. FINDINGS: Most full-time faculty (60%) intended to receive the vaccine; but only 45% of adjunct faculty and students reported intending to get vaccinated. The major reasons for not getting vaccinated were vaccine safety and side effects. Collectively, participants reported a low level of knowledge related to vaccine development. DISCUSSION: As the most trusted profession, nurses will play a decisive role in counseling patients about COVID-19 risks and benefits. Findings suggest that academic nursing leaders need to consider faculty and student vaccine concerns and provide vaccine development education.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Vacinação , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Adulto , COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Am J Infect Control ; 48(5): 584-586, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276780

RESUMO

The primary job responsibility of infection preventionists (IPs) is to lead organizational initiatives that prevent and control health care-associated infections. Increasingly, IPs are participating in activities that support antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs). We conducted a survey of Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology members practicing in acute care facilities to determine the degree of their involvement in ASP activities.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos/organização & administração , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Profissionais Controladores de Infecções/psicologia , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Papel Profissional/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sociedades Médicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Nurse Educ ; 45(5): E45-E49, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections remain a major patient safety problem. Antibiotic resistance and the resurgence of infectious diseases pose an escalating threat to public health. It is essential for nursing students to develop an understanding of the infection concept and the ability to apply their knowledge and skills in all settings. PURPOSE: The purpose was to describe the integration of the infection concept and associated teaching strategies in US baccalaureate nursing programs. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using multiple online databases. RESULTS: There is some evidence of infection concept integration within single courses but limited evidence of integration across courses. We were unable to ascertain the degree of infection concept integration throughout a curriculum. Faculty used a blend of creative, innovative strategies to foster active teaching and learning. CONCLUSION: The concept of infection and the related teaching strategies used to help students organize infection-related knowledge, skills, and attitudes to form logical connections needs greater attention.


Assuntos
Currículo , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Controle de Infecções , Ensino , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem
16.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(12): 591-595, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Describe clinical nurse involvement in antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs). BACKGROUND: The extent to which clinical nurses are supported and integrated into ASPs is unknown. METHODS: Electronic survey of infection preventionists (IPs) working in acute care hospitals. RESULTS: A total of 207 IPs nationwide reported on clinical nurses' involvement in their hospital's ASP. Among respondents, 42% reported the presence of a designated nurse executive that championed nurses' involvement in ASPs; 33% reported that the hospital provides antibiotic stewardship education and training to clinical nurses, and only 14% believed that clinical nurses have adequate stewardship knowledge to participate in ASP activities. CONCLUSIONS: Study findings indicate the need for nurse leaders to improve the preparation and integration of clinical nurses in ASPs. While clinical nurses routinely perform activities that contribute to optimal antibiotic use, the knowledge and competency of clinical nurses in these activities and their formal integration in ASPs are minimal.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos/organização & administração , Profissionais Controladores de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Enfermeiras Clínicas/educação , Enfermeiras Clínicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
18.
Am J Infect Control ; 46(5): 498-502, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infection preventionists (IPs) and registered nurses (RNs) have an important role to play in antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs). Recent articles highlight their potential roles in practice, research, education, and policy; however, little is known about their actual ASP engagement. Leaders often have early knowledge of emerging trends and evolving health care worker roles. METHODS: A survey was developed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Core Elements of Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship Programs to assess health care system infection prevention and control leaders' perceptions of IP and RN engagement in hospital ASPs. RESULTS: Thirty-five leaders representing all regions of the United States completed the survey. Their organizations tended to have significant ASP leadership support, but lacked ASP policies indicating IP and RN roles and responsibilities. IPs were more likely than RNs to be members of the ASP team and have greater ASP knowledge. Neither discipline was conducting patient education related to proper use of antibiotics, but this was identified as a future ASP role. The 2017 Joint Commission Antimicrobial Stewardship Standard was accelerating ASP implementation. CONCLUSIONS: IPs and RNs are well-positioned to assume greater roles in ASPs, especially in educating patients about the safe and proper use of antibiotics. However, their roles must be clearly identified, defined, and quantified. In so doing, knowledge and skill gaps can be identified and specific educational programs developed to advance their successful engagement in ASPs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Gestão de Antimicrobianos/organização & administração , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Doenças Transmissíveis/tratamento farmacológico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Profissionais Controladores de Infecções/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
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