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1.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 58: e20230417, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767848

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to identify the main challenges in conducting research with immigrants and refugees and to provide seven methodological and pragmatic strategies. The analyses presented, based on the Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, are extracted from insights of the authors' experiences as researchers and the literature. The main challenges are related to cultural, moral, political, and educational differences between researcher and researched; identification of the universe and sampling; access to informants through the barrier of distrust; and communication and language difficulties. Strategies to make research more successful involve: developing a thorough research protocol; creatively recruiting participants; developing strategies to facilitate communication; having a sensitive look; offering a structure of reciprocity; increasing trust, and triangulating research. The main methodological and pragmatic issues in studies with immigrants and refugees were explored, providing valuable guidance for future projects. However, in different migration situations, researchers must be aware of the possibility of other challenges arising during the investigative process.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Refugiados , Humanos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/métodos
2.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 77(1): e20230225, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to learn the meanings attributed to pregnancy loss by women with Lupus. METHOD: qualitative research, based on Symbolic Interactionism and Grounded Theory. Data collection took place between January and August 2022 through in-depth interviews. Data analysis went through the stages of initial and focused coding. RESULTS: seventeen women participated. The central phenomenon "The climb to motherhood: falls and overcoming" was constructed, consisting of three categories: "Falling to the ground during the climb: the experience of pregnancy loss"; "Getting up and following the path: new attempts to conceive"; and "Remembering the journey: meanings attributed to pregnancy losses". FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: experiencing pregnancy is, analogously, like climbing a mountain, where obstacles need to be overcome to reach the summit. The experience of pregnancy loss is seen as complex, especially when there is fragility in healthcare and a lack of awareness regarding feelings of loss and grief.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Teoria Fundamentada , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Feminino , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/psicologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Adulto , Aborto Espontâneo/psicologia , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos
3.
Can J Nurs Res ; 56(2): 151-163, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641885

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The experiences of providers and immigrants/refugees related to healthcare in the Latin American context have not yet been aggregated. This study aimed to synthesize the qualitative evidence on this theme. METHOD: A systematic review of qualitative evidence with meta-synthesis. After identification, eligible studies were evaluated for methodological quality, and information was systematically analyzed. RESULTS: The sample comprised 26 articles. The meta-theme shows that the experiences of providers and immigrants/refugees are determined by multilevel factors. In a macro-context, these factors involve the vulnerabilities of immigrants/refugees and the healthcare system/model, and in a closer context, they involve the lack of professional training in cultural skills and communication; language barriers; and prejudice/xenophobia. Within healthcare, the relationship is mostly conflictual, asymmetric, and unable to solve problems, leading to negative repercussions for both. CONCLUSIONS: Managers involved in developing public policies and providers must consider improving the interrelationship between healthcare services and the migrant population.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Refugiados , Humanos , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , América Latina , Barreiras de Comunicação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 77(1): e20230284, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655979

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to understand how fake news has influenced adherence to Covid-19 immunization, from the perspective of health professionals. METHODS: a qualitative, descriptive-exploratory study was conducted in Campo Grande - MS. Twenty nursing professionals working in vaccine rooms or managing immunobiologicals participated through semi-structured interviews. The interviews were audio-recorded, fully transcribed, and subjected to thematic content analysis. RESULTS: two categories emerged in which the professionals highlighted an increase in vaccine hesitancy among the population, influenced by fake news and denialist actions, which negatively interfered with the population's trust in vaccines and in the professionals administering them. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: concerns about vaccine safety and denialist actions by authorities and media outlets can contribute to the phenomenon of non-vaccination. The valorization of science, the promotion of educational actions, and raising public awareness about immunization were presented as strategies to increase vaccine coverage.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Hesitação Vacinal/psicologia , Hesitação Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vacinação/psicologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 28: e20230125, 2024.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1528616

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo apreender as percepções e vivências de enfermeiros sobre os cuidados paliativos em neonatologia. Método pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, tendo como base conceitual os cuidados paliativos, realizada com enfermeiros atuantes em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal de três hospitais localizados em um município na região norte do Paraná. Os dados foram coletados no período de novembro de 2019 a janeiro de 2020, analisados por meio do referencial metodológico Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo Resultados participaram 20 enfermeiros, em sua maioria com tempo de experiência menor que 5 anos. Três temas traduzem as percepções e vivências dos enfermeiros: 1) Cuidados paliativos: da formação à vivência profissional; 2) Significando os cuidados paliativos em neonatologia; 3) Elegibilidade para os cuidados paliativos neonatais. Conclusão e implicações para a prática o enfermeiro refere lacunas em sua formação para a assistência ao recém-nascido em cuidados paliativos, no entanto muitos apresentaram a compreensão do significado de cuidados paliativos com foco na qualidade de vida dos bebês acometidos por uma situação ou doença incurável, incluindo a família. Tais aspectos apontam para a necessidade de formação e educação em saúde voltada para essa temática, bem como a implantação dos cuidados paliativos no serviço de neonatologia.


Resumen Objetivo comprender las percepciones y experiencias de los enfermeros sobre los cuidados paliativos en neonatología. Método investigación cualitativa, con base conceptual en los cuidados paliativos, realizada con enfermeros que actúan en Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales de tres hospitales ubicados en un municipio de la región norte de Paraná. Los datos fueron recolectados desde noviembre de 2019 a enero de 2020, analizados mediante el marco metodológico Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. Resultados participaron 20 enfermeras, la mayoría con menos de 5 años de experiencia. Tres temas reflejan las percepciones y experiencias de los enfermeros: 1) Cuidados paliativos: de la formación a la experiencia profesional; 2) Significado de los cuidados paliativos en neonatología; 3) Elegibilidad para cuidados paliativos neonatales. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica las enfermeras reportan lagunas en su formación para asistir a los recién nacidos en cuidados paliativos, sin embargo, muchas presentaron una comprensión del significado de los cuidados paliativos con un enfoque en la calidad de vida de los bebés afectados por una situación o enfermedad incurable, incluyendo la familia. Estos aspectos apuntan a la necesidad de capacitación y educación en salud enfocada en este tema, así como la implementación de cuidados paliativos en el servicio de neonatología.


Abstract Objective to grasp nurses' perceptions and experiences about palliative care in neonatology. Method qualitative research, with palliative care as its conceptual basis, carried out with nurses working in Neonatal Intensive Care Units of three hospitals located in a municipality in the northern region of Paraná. Data were collected from November 2019 to January 2020, analyzed using the Discourse of the Collective Subject methodological framework. Results twenty nurses participated, most of them with less than 5 years of experience. Three topics reflect nurses' perceptions and experiences: 1) Palliative care: from training to professional experience; 2) Meaning palliative care in neonatology; 3) Eligibility for neonatal palliative care. Conclusion and implications for practice nurses report gaps in their training for assisting newborns in palliative care; however, many presented an understanding of the meaning of palliative care with a focus on quality of life of babies affected by an incurable situation or illness, including the family. These aspects point to the need for training and health education focused on this topic as well as the implementation of palliative care in the neonatology service.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Enfermagem Neonatal , Cuidados Críticos
6.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1538381

RESUMO

Objetivo: compreender as concepções e práticas dos profissionais da Atenção Primária à Saúde acerca dos cuidados paliativos. Método: estudo descritivo-exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa realizado com profissionais atuantes em três Unidades Básicas em município no sul do Brasil. Os dados foram coletados em junho de 2021, mediante entrevistas presenciais, audiogravadas junto a 36 profissionais de saúde selecionados por conveniência e submetidos à análise de conteúdo, modalidade temática. Resultados: muitos profissionais da Atenção Primária, sobretudo os agentes comunitários, técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem, possuem pouco conhecimento ou uma visão distorcida a respeito de cuidados paliativos, mas em seu cotidiano assistem pacientes e familiares. Considerações finais: embora não suficientemente preparados, os profissionais de saúde precisam estar junto, orientar e assistir usuários e familiares que necessitam de cuidados paliativos, necessitam portanto serem sensibilizados quanto a importância e benefícios dos cuidados paliativos e serem devidamente intrumentalizados para prestar essa assistência que valorize seus princípios.


Objective: to understand the conceptions and practices of Primary Health Care professionals regarding palliative care. Method: descriptive-exploratory study, with a qualitative approach carried out with professionals working in three Basic Units in a city in southern Brazil. Data were collected in June 2021, through face-to-face, audio-recorded interviews with 36 health professionals selected for convenience and subjected to content analysis, thematic modality. Results: many Primary Care professionals, especially community workers, technicians and nursing assistants, have little knowledge or a distorted view of palliative care, but in their daily lives they assist patients and families. Final considerations: although not sufficiently prepared, health professionals need to be together, guide and assist users and families who need palliative care, they therefore need to be made aware of the importance and benefits of palliative care and be properly equipped to provide this assistance that values its principles.


Objetivos: comprender las concepciones y prácticas de los profesionales de la Atención Primaria de Salud sobre los cuidados paliativos. Método: estudio descriptivo-exploratorio, con enfoque cualitativo, realizado con profesionales de tres Unidades Básicas de una ciudad de Brasil. Los datos fueron recolectados en junio de 2021, mediante entrevistas presenciales, audio grabadas, a 36 profesionales seleccionados por conveniencia y sometidos a análisis de contenido, modalidad temática. Resultados: muchos profesionales, especialmente trabajadores comunitarios, técnicos y auxiliares de enfermería, tienen pocos conocimientos o una visión distorsionada de los cuidados paliativos, pero en su vida diaria asisten a pacientes y familiares. Consideraciones finales: aunque no están suficientemente preparados, los profesionales de la salud necesitan estar juntos, orientar y asistir a los usuarios y familias que necesitan cuidados paliativos, por lo que deben ser conscientes de la importancia y los beneficios de estes Cuidados y estar adecuadamente equipados para brindar esta asistencia que valora sus principios.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente
7.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13174, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1554323

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre os desafios da gestão menstrual. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, BVS, SciELO e Mendeley, utilizando os descritores "Menstruação", "Produtos de Higiene Menstrual" e "Saúde", para responder à questão norteadora "Quais são as dificuldades e os impactos encontrados pelas pessoas na gestão de suas menstruações?". Resultados: foram incluídos dezessete estudos os quais permitiram a construção de infográfico, que destacou como principais desafios da gestão menstrual.: barreiras culturais e sociais, acesso a produtos de higiene menstrual, infraestrutura e ambientes adequados, educação e conscientização, e impacto na saúde e bem-estar. Considerações finais: barreiras culturais, falta de educação menstrual e acesso limitado a produtos e infraestrutura prejudicam a saúde e o bem-estar das mulheres, impactando suas atividades diárias, no âmbito escolar e/ou profissional. Reconhecer essas questões é crucial para a proposição de intervenções e políticas públicas.


Objective: To analyze the available evidence in the literature regarding the challenges of menstrual management. Method: Integrative literature review conducted in the PubMed, BVS, SciELO, and Mendeley databases, using the keywords "Menstruation," "Menstrual Hygiene Products," and "Health," to answer the guiding question "What are the difficulties and impacts encountered by individuals in managing their menstruation?" Results: Seventeen studies were included, allowing the construction of an infographic that highlighted the main challenges of menstrual management: cultural and social barriers, access to menstrual hygiene products, adequate infrastructure and environments, education and awareness, and health and well-being impact. Final considerations:cultural barriers, lack of menstrual education, and limited access to products and infrastructure negatively impact women's health and well-being, affecting their daily activities, both in educational and/or professional settings. Recognizing these issues is crucial for proposing interventions and public policies.


Objetivos:analizar las evidencias disponibles en la literatura sobre los desafíos de la gestión menstrual. Método: revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos PubMed, BVS, SciELO y Mendeley, utilizando los descriptores "Menstruación", "Productos de Higiene Menstrual" y "Salud", para responder a la pregunta guía "¿Cuáles son las dificultades y los impactos encontrados por las personas en la gestión de sus menstruaciones?". Resultados: se incluyeron diecisiete estudios que permitieron la construcción de un infográfico, que destacó como principales desafíos de la gestión menstrual: barreras culturales y sociales, acceso a productos de higiene menstrual, infraestructura y entornos adecuados, educación y concienciación, e impacto en la salud y el bienestar. Consideraciones finales: barreras culturales, falta de educación y acceso limitado afectan la salud y bienestar femenino, impactando actividades diarias y profesionales. Reconocer estas cuestiones es crucial para proponer intervenciones y políticas públicas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Educação em Saúde
8.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 57: e20230009, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38131439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings attributed to family relationships by women who have experienced domestic violence. METHOD: Explanatory study using Symbolic Interactionism and Grounded Theory as references. Data were collected from March to November 2021, through online interviews with 23 women found on the social media application Facebook®. RESULTS: Data analysis allowed the construction of a theoretical model consisting of three processes: "We learned that it was normal to be mistreated": experiencing a context of violence in the family of origin; "I just wanted a family": experiencing partner violence and redefining family relationships in the context of violence. CONCLUSION: The meanings attributed to family relationships are elaborated and modified according to the interpretation, trajectory of confrontation, and interactions of women with other individuals and objects in the social web, over time. When experiencing domestic violence, women give new meaning to their feelings and begin to attribute new values, emotions, and empathy to family relationships, expanding their understanding of their weaknesses and potential.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Humanos , Feminino , Teoria Fundamentada , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Relações Familiares , Emoções
9.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 44: e20230043, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37971110

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To know the perspective of health professionals working in specialized care regarding the assistance offered to children with Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome in the Health Care Network. METHOD: Qualitative study carried out in Campo Grande-MS through semi-structured interviews, between September and October 2020, with 12 professionals working in a reference service for people with physical and intellectual disabilities. Minayo's thematic analysis and the theoretical subsidies of the care model for chronic conditions were used for interpretation. RESULTS: Assistance in the network is weakened by aspects related to access, monitoring and integration between different professionals/services. The potential involves the implementation of the referral and counter-referral system, the communication/integration between these services and the training of professionals. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The participants perceive that assistance is influenced by the availability of trained professionals to work in a network and the optimization of access and follow-up at different points of care.


Assuntos
Infecção por Zika virus , Zika virus , Humanos , Criança , Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Infecção por Zika virus/terapia
10.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 26: e230047, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37878834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the coverage of MMR and polio vaccines, the temporal trend and spatial dependence, in children up to one year of age in Brazil, between 2011 and 2021. METHODS: Ecological study with secondary data on vaccination coverage rates, made available by the National Immunization Program Information System. Trend analysis was carried out using the joinpoint method, according to geographic regions, estimating the annual percentage change (APC) and its respective confidence interval (95%CI). Choropleth maps of distribution by health region were constructed and, subsequently, the spatial dependence was verified using Moran's statistics. RESULTS: Between 2011 and 2021, vaccination coverage declined in Brazil, both for MMR (APC: -6.4%; 95%CI -9.0; -3.8) and for poliomyelitis (APC: -4. 5%; 95%CI -5.5; -3.6). There was a decline in coverage of both vaccines in all geographic regions over the years of the study, except in the South and Midwest for the MMR vaccine. Since 2015, few health regions in the country have achieved adequate vaccination coverage (≥95.0% to <120.0%). The North and Northeast health regions showed low-low clusters in the univariate analysis for both immunobiological. CONCLUSIONS: It is urgent to consider studies like this one for the planning of more effective strategies for immunizing children, especially in areas with higher falls. In this way, barriers to access to immunization can be broken, given Brazil's heterogeneity, and access to reliable information that increases confidence in vaccine efficacy can be expanded.


Assuntos
Poliomielite , Vacinas , Criança , Humanos , Cobertura Vacinal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Vacinação , Poliomielite/epidemiologia , Poliomielite/prevenção & controle , Análise Espacial
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 76(5): e20230008, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37820130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to identify how people with diabetes assess the care offered by Primary Care teams. METHODS: a cross-sectional study based on structured interviews with the application of the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness instrument to people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Data were submitted to statistical analysis. RESULTS: 451 individuals participated in the study, more than half aged 60 years or older (64.0%); 63.9% had been diagnosed for more than five years; and 23.9% used insulin. The average score obtained was 2.5, which indicated little involvement in self-care and low support for the care of the chronic condition by the Family Health Strategy team, and was higher among women and people with a partner. CONCLUSIONS: people with diabetes consider that they do not receive individualized treatment, with dialogue and discussion for setting goals, and that they are not prepared for self-managing their health condition.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Feminino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Doença Crônica , Autocuidado , Atenção Primária à Saúde
12.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 44: e20220232, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37646757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of Information and Communication Technologies and the interaction in a health education group with women on WhatsApp. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive-exploratory, qualitative research with mothers assisted in two Basic Health Units in Sinop - MT, part of a University Extension Project that used three health education strategies ("G-Day", "Health Tips", and "Educational Video") and project team members. Data were collected between October and December 2021 from messages in the WhatsApp group and submitted to Thematic Content Analysis. RESULTS: Two categories were identified, showing the information provided by the team and specific information requested by the mothers; the doubts expressed by the mothers mobilized the communication-interaction among the participants and little to no interaction was provoked by the health information contained in the educational strategies used. FINAL CONSIDERATION: WhatsApp proved to be an important resource/strategy in communication-interaction for health education with women.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Educação em Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Escolaridade , Emoções , Tecnologia da Informação
13.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 11(14)2023 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37510471

RESUMO

Actions for patient safety at the end of life must be aligned with the principles of palliative care, such as promoting comfort and quality of life. Faced with this complex process, health professionals need to seek the central relationships of the concepts of safety and palliative care to the end of life, in line with the wishes and expectations of the person and family members/caregivers, as well as with available resources and the capacity of services but, above all, reinforcing the importance of a non-reductionist care approach, which encompasses the various aspects inherent to humans. Hence, we present a new vision of patient safety in palliative care at the end of life based on the complex thinking of Edgar Morin, scientific evidence, and health policies in the global context. We discuss the deficiencies and disjunctions in thought and practice of palliative care at the end of life and patient safety, as well as the challenges for the conjunction of these complex themes, to finally present potential ways to apply complex thinking in the safe care of the patient at the end of life. The problematization of different aspects for the interposition of knowledge about patient safety in palliative care at the end of life portrays the existence of intersubjective connections and the multidimensionality that permeate the guidelines, actions and relationships that sustain the disciplines.

14.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 57: e20220470, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37494035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To map and describe studies available in the literature about mobile applications to support parents in newborn care and data from applications accessible in online stores. METHOD: This is a scoping review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines. The searches were carried out in theses and dissertations databases and portals, in September 2021, and articles, theses, and dissertations were included. An independent search was performed in online stores of applications for operating systems Android and iOS, in October and December 2021, and applications with content to support parents of newborns were selected. RESULTS: A total of 5,238 studies and 757 applications were found, and of these, 16 and 150, respectively, composed the sample. The topics discussed in the studies were: care, breastfeeding, fever, identification of neonatal diseases, child growth and development. In the applications, the themes found were care, breastfeeding, growth, immunization, development, sleep, tips, and guidelines. CONCLUSION: Applications are important support tools for parents, as they are an innovative means and accessible to a large part of the population.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Bases de Dados Factuais , Febre , Pais
15.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 13: 4834, jun. 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1537199

RESUMO

Objetivo: entender como eventos relacionais, posições sobre métodos contraceptivos e negociações com o parceiro sobre ter o filho encontram-se implicados nos engravidamentos das participantes. Método: participaram dezesseis grávidas entre 15 e 19 anos, que intencionaram o evento, selecionadas em território de vulnerabilidade social de uma capital brasileira. Foram realizadas entrevistas presenciais, orientadas por temas, com o uso adicional dos recursos: autorretrato, mapa relacional, foto-elicitação e WhatsApp, considerando preceitos da Análise de Conteúdo Temática. Resultados: os engravidamentos mostraram-se intrincados à intenção de constituir uma família com filhos, à construção de trajetórias afetivo-sexuais direcionadas a esse desfecho, com contracepção secundária, e à decisão do ter filho pouco refletida e negociada com o par, caracterizada por pressão, imposição e transferência de responsabilidade, exercida por ambos. Conclusão:a abordagem, pelos profissionais de saúde, do engravidar de adolescentes requer considerar a influência nelas imbricada de aspectos de ordem subjetiva, relacional, agencial e social.


Objective: to understand how relational events, contraceptive positions and negotiations with the partner about having a child are implicated in the participants' pregnancies. Method: A total of 16 pregnant young women aged between 15 to 19 years who became pregnant intentionally, selected from a socially vulnerable territory in a Brazilian state capital, participated in the study. Face-to-face interviews guided by themes were conducted, with additional use of the self-portrait, relational map, photo-elicitation, and WhatsApp resources, considering Thematic Content Analysis concepts. Results: the pregnancies were intimately related to the intention of building a family with children, to the construction of affective-sexual trajectories directed at this outcome, with secondary contraception, and to the decision of having a child, little reflected and negotiated, characterized by pressure, imposition and transfer of responsibility, exercised by both. Conclusion:when discussing pregnancy during adolescence, health professionals must consider the subjective, relational, agency and social aspects imbricated in such choice.


Objetivo: entender cómo los hechos relacionales, las posturas sobre los métodos anticonceptivos y las negociaciones con la pareja sobre tener un hijo intervienen en el embarazo de las participantes. Método: participaron 16 embarazadas de entre 15 y 19 años de edad que pretendían el evento, seleccionadas en un territorio de vulnerabilidad social, en una capital brasileña. Se realizaron entrevistas cara a cara, guiadas por temas, con el uso adicional de recursos de autorretrato, mapa relacional, fotoelicitación y WhatsApp; y se consideraron los preceptos del Análisis de Contenido Temático. Resultados: destacan en sus embarazos la intención de constituir una familia con hijos, la construcción de trayectorias afectivo-sexuales encaminadas a ese desenlace, con anticoncepción secundaria, y la decisión de tener un hijo poco discutida y negociada con la pareja, caracterizada por la presión, la imposición y la transferencia de responsabilidad, ejercida por ambos. Conclusión:el abordaje del embarazo en adolescentes por parte de los profesionales de la salud requiere considerar la influencia imbricada de aspectos subjetivos, relacionales, de agencia y sociales


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Pobreza , Gravidez na Adolescência , Tomada de Decisões , Intenção , Saúde Reprodutiva
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 76(2): e20220147, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37162044

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze the association between recurrence of emergency service visits due to lack of blood pressure and/or glycemic control with sociodemographic variables and disease registration in Primary Care. METHODS: quantitative study, which consulted medical records of people who attended these services two or more times for 26 months. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression models were used in analysis. RESULTS: most people did not have hypertension and/or diabetes record in their Primary Care records. The absence of this record was more frequent in males, aged between 18 and 59 years, with low education and lack of blood pressure. There was association between greater number of people seeking these services in the same year and not monitoring the chronic condition in specialized care. CONCLUSIONS: people who do not follow up hypertension and/or diabetes in Primary Care are more likely to need assistance due to blood pressure and/or glycemic management.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Hipertensão , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Pressão Sanguínea , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Escolaridade
17.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 76Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e20220308, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36888747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze the assistance strategies in palliative care developed in the COVID-19 pandemic for critically ill patients and their families. METHODS: an integrative review carried out in August 2021 and updated in April 2022 in the Base de Dados de Enfermagem (BDENF), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), US National Library of Medicine (PubMed), Web of Science databases, and presented in the PRISMA flowchart. RESULTS: thirteen works were selected for reading and content analysis, from which emerged the two main themes that reflect the reality evidenced in this context: The sudden advent of COVID-19 with impacts on palliative care; and The strategies used in palliative care to mitigate these impacts. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: palliative care is the best strategy for providing health care, used as a comfort to bring relief and comfort to patients and families.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Pandemias , Instalações de Saúde , Bases de Dados Factuais
19.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236608, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | BDENF - Enfermagem, LILACS | ID: biblio-1414099

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Mapear e descrever os estudos disponíveis na literatura e lojas on-line sobre os aplicativos móveis para apoio a familiares de recém-nascidos. MÉTODO: Trata-se de protocolo de scoping review, elaborado conforme recomendações do Instituto Joanna Briggs, seguindo os itens do PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. A busca será realizada em duas etapas: 1 - nas bases de dados PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, LILACS, Embase, Cochrane Library, Google Acadêmico, Scielo, como também no Portal BVS e de Teses e Dissertações da América Latina e no Catálogo de Teses e Dissertações da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior; 2 - em lojas on-line para smartphones com sistemas operacionais Android e iOS, por meio da utilização independente do termo "recém-nascido". O protocolo norteará o desenvolvimento da revisão de escopo para descrição e mapeamento de aplicativos móveis para apoio a familiares de recém-nascidos.


OBJECTIVE: To map and describe the studies available in the literature and online stores on mobile applications to support family members of newborns. METHOD: This is a scoping review protocol, prepared following the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute and the items of the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. The search will be carried out in two stages: 1 - in PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, LILACS, Embase, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and Scielo databases, and in the VHL, the Latin American Theses and Dissertations Portal, and the catalog of theses and dissertations of the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel; 2 - in the online stores of Android and iOS operating systems, through the independent use of the term "newborn". The protocol will guide the development of the scoping review for the description and mapping of mobile applications to support family members of newborns.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido , Família , Cuidado da Criança , Aplicativos Móveis
20.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236648, 01 jan 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1451205

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Verificar a disposição de enfermeiros da Atenção Primária em utilizar o telemonitoramento no acompanhamento de usuários com hipertensão arterial e/ou diabetes mellitus. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal realizado com enfermeiros atuantes nos municípios da 15ª Regional de Saúde do Paraná. Dos 289 convidados, 65 responderam ao questionário online disponibilizado em maio e junho de 2021 no Google Forms. Foram incluídos os enfermeiros que atuavam nas unidades de saúde da 15ª Regional de Saúde e que responderam ao questionário enviado. Não foi adotado nenhum critério de exclusão, mesmo quando o enfermeiro deixava alguma questão em branco. Na análise, foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado, Exato de Fisher e Razão de Prevalência. RESULTADOS: Entre as variáveis analisadas, observou-se associação entre ter menos idade e menor tempo de formado e a percepção de que o telemonitoramento sem atendimento presencial é insuficiente para acompanhar os usuários, e das variáveis "telemonitoramento favorece a comunicação com o paciente" e "é possível" com "otimiza o trabalho da equipe". E também maior disposição para uso foi observada entre os que receberam capacitação. CONCLUSÃO: Ausência de capacitações e insuficiência de equipamentos e recursos humanos são fatores que afetam e podem inviabilizar o uso do telemonitoramento.


OBJECTIVE: To verify Primary Care nurses' willingness to resort to Telemonitoring in the follow-up of users with arterial hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted with nurses working in the municipalities from the 15th Health Region of Paraná. Of all the 289 individuals invited, 65 answered the online questionnaire made available in May and June 2021 via Google Forms. The nurses included were those working in the health units from the 15th Health Region and who answered the questionnaire sent. No exclusion criteria were adopted, even when a nurse left some questions unanswered. Chi-square, Fisher's Exact and Prevalence Ratio tests were used in the analysis. RESULTS: An association was observed between less time since graduation and the perception that Telemonitoring without in-person assistance is insufficient to follow up the users; in addition, it was noticed that the Telemonitoring variables favor communication with the patients and can streamline the work performed by the team. More willingness to use Telemonitoring was perceived among those who underwent training. CONCLUSION: The absence of training sessions and the insufficiency of devices and human resources affect and may preclude Telemonitoring.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Diabetes Mellitus , Telemonitoramento , Hipertensão , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estudos Transversais , Doenças não Transmissíveis
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