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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to carry out a systematic review of available data regarding case reports and case series of oral and maxillofacial benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH). STUDY DESIGN: A search strategy was performed using the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE electronic databases. RESULTS: Male individuals (56.89%) were more affected, with a mean age of 34.55 ± 20 years. The buccal mucosa (20.33%) represented the most common site, with the clinical presentation of a painless (86.95%) nodule (98.03%). The clinical hypothesis of a fibroma was reported in most cases (31.57%). Radiographic presentation of intraosseous lesions showed multilocular radiolucent images (55.55%). Regarding the histopathologic features, the biphasic population of fibroblastic and histiocytic cells was seen in 21 cases (39.62%), and a spindle-shaped fibroblastic cell population organized into a storiform pattern was observed in 25 cases (47.16%). CD68 (n = 26) and vimentin (n = 25) showed immunoreactivity in all BFH cases in which they were used. All cases were treated with a surgical resection, and 8.10% recurred. CONCLUSIONS: The current systematic review demonstrated that BFH represents a rare lesion that mainly affects the buccal mucosa of male individuals, and the treatment is mainly surgical with a good prognosis.

3.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333825

RESUMO

To integrate the available data published on malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNST) of the oral and maxillofacial region. Searches in Embase, PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus were conducted for the identification of case reports/case series in English language. The risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tool. Outcomes were evaluated by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier methods. A total of 306 articles were retrieved, 50 of which reporting 57 MPNST were included. The lesion showed a predilection for the mandible (n = 18/31.57%) of middle-aged adults (~40.5 years) with a male/female ratio of 1.1:1. The individuals were mostly symptomatic with a mean evolution time of 9.6 months. Surgical removal plus adjuvant therapy (especially radiotherapy) was the main approach (51.86%). Recurrence was reported in 39.62% of cases. Nodal and distant metastases were identified in 28.26% and 26.66% of cases, respectively. The 2-year cumulative survival rate was 55%. Independent predictors of poor survival were the presence of neurofibromatosis type 1 (p = 0.04) and distant metastases (p = 0.004). The diagnosis of MPNST is challenging due to the variety of its clinical and histopathological presentations. Local aggressiveness and the potential for metastases are common outcomes of this neoplasm.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) is an effective method for the prevention of oral mucositis. However, the effects of PBMT on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) have not yet been fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of PBMT in an OSCC-patient-derived xenograft (OSCC-PDX) model. METHODS: BALB/c nude mice with OSCC-PDX models were divided into Control, without PBMT (n = 8); Immediate irradiation, PBMT since one week after tumor implantation (n = 6); and Late irradiation, PBMT after tumors reached 200 mm3 (n = 6). OSCC-PDX were daily irradiated (660 nm; 100 mW; 6 J/cm2 ; 0,2 J/point) for 12 weeks. The tumors were collected and submitted to volumetric, histological, immunohistochemistry, and cell cycle analysis. RESULTS: No significant differences in the volumetric measurements (p = 0.89) and in the histopathological grade (p > 0.05) were detected between the groups. The immunohistochemical analysis of Ki-67 (p = 0.9661); H3K9ac (p = 0.3794); and BMI1 (p = 0.5182), and the evaluation of the cell cycle phases (p > 0.05) by flow cytometry also did not demonstrate significant differences between the irradiated and non-irradiated groups. CONCLUSION: In this study, PBMT did not impact the behavior of OSCC-PDX models. This is an important preclinical outcome regarding safety concerns of the use of PBMT in cancer patients.

5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 389-395, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285703

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Regional metastases of cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma occur in approximately 5 % of cases, being the most important prognostic factor in survival, currently with no distinction between parotid and neck metastasis. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic features among patients with head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma exhibiting regional metastasis. Methods A retrospective analysis of patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma who underwent parotidectomy and/or neck dissection from 2011 to 2018 at a single institution tertiary center was performed. Patient demographics, clinical, surgical and pathological information, adjuvant treatments, and outcome at last follow-up were collected. Outcomes included disease recurrence and death due to the disease. Prognostic value of clinic pathological features associated with disease-specific survival was obtained. Results Thirty-eight cases of head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma with parotid and/or neck metastasis were identified. Overall, 18 (47.3 %) patients showed parotid metastasis alone, 12 (31.5 %) exhibited neck metastasis alone and 8 (21.0 %) had both. A primary tumor in the parotid zone (Hazard Ratio ‒ HR = 5.53; p = 0.02) was associated with improved disease-specific survival. Poorer disease-specific survival was observed in patients with higher primary tumor diameter (HR = 1.54; p = 0.002), higher depth of invasion (HR = 2.89; p = 0.02), invasion beyond the subcutaneous fat (HR = 5.05; p = 0.002), neck metastasis at first presentation (HR = 8.74; p < 0.001), number of positive lymph nodes (HR = 1.25; p = 0.004), and higher TNM stages (HR = 7.13; p = 0.009). Patients presenting with isolated parotid metastasis during all follow-ups had better disease-specific survival than those with neck metastasis or both (HR = 3.12; p = 0.02). Conclusion Head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma with parotid lymph node metastasis demonstrated better outcomes than cases with neck metastasis.


Resumo Introdução As metástases regionais do carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço ocorrem em aproximadamente 5% dos casos, sendo esse o fator prognóstico mais importante na sobrevida, atualmente sem distinção entre metástases de parótida e cervicais. Objetivo Avaliar as características prognósticas em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço com metástase regional. Método Foi feita uma análise retrospectiva de pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo submetidos à parotidectomia e/ou esvaziamento cervical entre 2011 e 2018 em um único centro terciário de uma única instituição. Dados demográficos dos pacientes, informações clínicas, cirúrgicas e patológicas, tratamentos adjuvantes e desfechos no último acompanhamento foram coletados. Os desfechos incluíram recorrência e morte devido à doença. O valor prognóstico das características clínico-patológicas associadas à sobrevida específica da doença foi obtido. Resultados Foram identificados 38 casos de carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço com metástase de parótida e/ou pescoço. No geral, 18 (47,3%) pacientes apresentaram metástase da parótida isolada, 12 (31,5%) apresentaram metástase cervical isolada e 8 (21,0%) apresentaram ambos. Um tumor primário na região da parótida (Hazard ratio [HR] = 5,53; p = 0,02) foi associado a melhor sobrevida específica. Pior sobrevida específica foi observada em pacientes com maior diâmetro do tumor primário (HR = 1,54; p = 0,002), maior profundidade de invasão (HR = 2,89; p = 0,02), invasão além da gordura subcutânea (HR = 5,05; p = 0,002), metástase cervical na primeira apresentação (HR = 8,74; p < 0,001), conforme maior número de linfonodos positivos (HR = 1,25; p = 0,004) e estágios TNM mais elevados (HR = 7,13; p = 0,009). Os pacientes que apresentaram metástase da parótida isolada durante todo o acompanhamento apresentaram melhor sobrevida específica do que aqueles com metástase cervical ou ambos (HR = 3,12; p = 0,02). Conclusão Os casos de carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço com metástase intraparotídea demonstraram melhores desfechos do que aqueles com metástase cervical.

6.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 548-557, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial mature T/NK-cell neoplasms is challenging because of their rarity, morphological heterogeneity and complex immunophenotype with scarce available data describing their clinical and microscopic aspects. Therefore, in this study, we investigated a series of mature T/NK-cell neoplasms affecting this anatomical region and provided an updated literature review. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as mature T/NK-cell lymphomas affecting the oral and maxillofacial region were retrospectively retrieved from six pathology files and their diagnoses were confirmed using haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides, immunohistochemical reactions and in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection. Patients' clinical data were collected from their pathology forms. RESULTS: A total of 22 cases were included in this study. Eleven (50%) consisted of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type; eight (36.4%) were peripheral T-cell lymphomas, NOS; two (9.1%) were adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphomas, and one (4.5%) was an ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Overall, males predominated, with a mean age of 55.7 years. The palate was the most affected site (50%), and tumours usually presented as destructive and painful ulcers. EBV was present in all cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type but was absent in the other subtypes. CONCLUSION: Among mature T/NK-cell lymphomas of the oral and maxillofacial region, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, NOS predominated. Older men were the most affected patients, and this heterogeneous group of neoplasms has a very aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adulto , Idoso , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089420

RESUMO

We present a challenging case of HIV-related lymphangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma (LLKS) affecting the oral cavity. A 54-year-old Brazilian male patient was referred to our center complaining of bleeding lesions affecting the oral cavity for 2 months. Interestingly, these oral lesions were the first clinical manifestation of HIV infection. Clinically, multiple erythematous nodular and patch lesions were observed. An incisional biopsy was performed, revealing numerous microscopic angled and irregular vascular channels lined with flattened endothelial cells. More cellularized and solid areas consisting of more fusiform cells with little pleomorphism and with slit-like vascular channels were noted. Based on immunoreactivity for CD31, CD34, D2-40, and HHV-8, the final diagnosis was oral LLKS. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was initiated with dolutegravir, tenofovir, and lamivudine. During follow-up, the patient showed KS metastases to other sites and a chemotherapeutic protocol was initiated. Regression of the oral lesion was clearly noted by the clinicians 1 year after the KS diagnosis. Dentists should be able to recognize systemic diseases that affect the oral cavity such as KS in order to make an early diagnosis of its oral manifestations and to implement effective therapeutic measures to ensure a better prognosis.

9.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e072, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161411

RESUMO

This paper intends to describe the demand for referrals to the stomatology service requested by the medical teams for inpatients in a reference hospital in the south of Brazil. This research is a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study focusing on data collection and assessment of information about referrals to the stomatology unit carried out from January 2008 to December 2018. All information was obtained from the hospital management software database, then transferred and analyzed individually for descriptive statistics. A total of 4433 cases were referred to the stomatology team, with an average of 403 cases by year. Hematology/hemato-oncology (37.3%) was the specialty asking for the majority of the referrals, followed by Oncology (20.4%) and Pneumology (8.2%). The mean patients' profile was males (55.5%), receiving a diagnosis of oral mucositis (43.5%), and with the first and second decades of life being the most prevalent ones (34.9%), with a mean age of 34.8±22.3 years. The most common treatment performed by the stomatology team was the photobiomodulation therapy (44.8%). This retrospective study demonstrated the important profile of the stomatological care in hospitalized patients from a specific hospital, especially referred by the hematology/hemato-oncology team. These results evidenced the importance of the stomatology specialty in the hospital environment.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e073, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161412

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to identify tumor parenchyma cells exhibiting immunohistochemical profile of stem cells by evaluating the immunoreactivity of OCT4 and CD44 in a number of cases of salivary gland neoplasms. The sample consisted of 20 pleomorphic adenomas, 20 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, and 20 adenoid cystic carcinomas located in major and minor salivary glands. The expression of OCT4 and CD44 was evaluated by the percentage of positive cells and the intensity of expression. All studied cases showed positive expression of OCT4 and CD44 and higher values than the control groups. For OCT4, luminal and non-luminal cells were immunostained in the case of pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas. Moreover, the immunoreactivity of CD44 was particularly evident in the non-luminal cells of these lesions. In mucoepidermoid carcinomas, there was immunoreactivity for both markers in squamous and intermediate cells and absence of staining in mucous cells. For both markers, a significantly higher immunostaining was verified in neoplasms located in the major salivary glands compared with lesions in minor salivary glands (p<0.001). In the total sample and in minor salivary glands, malignant neoplasms exhibited higher immunoreactivity for OCT4 than pleomorphic adenoma. A significant moderate positive correlation (r = 0.444 and p ≤ 0.001) was found between OCT4 and CD44 immunoexpression in the total sample. The high expression of OCT4 and CD44 may indicate that these proteins play an important role in identifying tumor stem cells.


Assuntos
Adenoma Pleomorfo , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide , Receptores de Hialuronatos/genética , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica
11.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 622-630, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although uncommon, mature small B-cell lymphomas may arise in the oral/maxillofacial area and oral pathologists must be aware of the key characteristics of these neoplasms to perform an accurate diagnosis. In this manuscript, we attempted to integrate the currently available data on the clinicopathological features of follicular lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-L), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/ small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) affecting these anatomical regions. METHODS: An updated descriptive literature review was carried out and a detailed electronic search was done in multiple databases to gather all cases affecting the oral/maxillofacial region and palatine tonsils. RESULTS: We observed that MALT-L was the most frequently reported subtype, followed by FL, MCL, and CLL/SLL. The palate was affected in a high proportion of cases and the most usual clinical presentation was an asymptomatic swelling. MALT-L and CLL/SLL neoplastic cells were strongly associated with small salivary glands. FL showed no gender preference, while MCL and CLL/SLL were more prevalent in males and MALT-L in females. Overall, cases were more common in elderly individuals. Patients' treatment and outcome varied, with MCL being the most aggressive neoplasm with a dismal prognosis in comparison to FL and MALT-L. CONCLUSION: Despite the poor documentation in many of the cases available, especially regarding the microscopic and molecular features of tumors, this review demonstrated that the oral mature small B-cell lymphomas investigated share similar clinical presentation, but carry different prognostic significance, demanding an accurate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Linfoma Folicular , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Masculino , Boca
12.
Oral Oncol ; 118: 105296, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933777

RESUMO

Mucositis is one of the more frequent and costly adverse events following cancer treatment. To evaluate and report the direct economic outcomes associated with the management of mucositis across several cancer treatments we conducted a systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, and Embase were searched electronically and a total of 37 relevant studies were included. The costs attributable to mucositis in the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation setting ranged from 1124,47 US dollars (USD) to 299 214,14 USD per patient. The radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy/radiotherapy plus molecular targeted therapy accounted for mucositis costs that ranged from 51,23 USD to 33 560,58 USD per patient. Costs for mucositis in the chemotherapy setting ranged from 4,18 USD to 31 963,64 USD per patient. When the cancer treatment was not specified, costs of mucositis ranged from 565,85 USD to as high as 20 279, 12 USD per patient. Mucositis costs from multimodal therapy ranged from 12,42 USD to 5670,46 USD per patient. The molecular targeted therapy setting included only one study and depending on the healthcare providers' perspective of each country evaluated, mucositis' costs ranged from 45,78 USD to 3484,91 USD per patient. Mucositis is associated with increased resource use, consultations, hospitalizations and extended hospitalizations, leading to a substantial incremental cost that exacerbates the economic burden on the patient, health plan and health system across several cancer treatments and diagnosis. More studies with a prospective evaluation of the economic costs associated with mucositis management are needed.

13.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(11): 6243-6251, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846825

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors for oral mucositis (OM) in patients with childhood cancer undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: Eight hundred and twenty-nine cycles of chemotherapy were evaluated in 112 patients with childhood cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Chemotherapy protocol, hematological, hepatic, and renal function parameters were collected and compared to presence and severity of OM, as graded by the World Health Organization (WHO) scale. Patients received counseling on oral hygiene and those who presented with OM (grade ≥1) received photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT). RESULTS: Age ranged from 0 to 17 years (mean/SD, 8.58 ± 5.05) and fifty-one patients (45.54%) were females. The most common baseline diseases were leukemia (51%) followed by sarcomas (23%) and lymphomas (18%). Eight hundred and twenty-nine cycles of chemotherapy were evaluated, and OM was diagnosed in 527 cycles (63.57%). Higher incidence and severity of OM was observed in protocols using high-dose methotrexate (MTX-HD), MTX-HD cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin combination, and MTX-HD combined with cyclophosphamide (p <0.001). Patients with severe OM had lower levels of leukocytes (p = 0.003), hemoglobin (p = 0.005), platelets (p = 0.034), and higher levels of total bilirubin (p = 0.027), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (p = 0.001), and creatinine (p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: The study contributes to the elucidation of the risk factors for OM in pediatric cancer patients. Chemotherapy protocols using MTX-HD, MTX-HD associated with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, and MTX-HD and cyclophosphamide a have higher incidence of severe grades of OM. Other toxicities such as hematological, hepatic, and renal also developed in patients with OM.

14.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(11): 6495-6503, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905011

RESUMO

To compare the efficacy of intraoral and extraoral photobiomodulation (PBM) protocols for the prevention of oral mucositis (OM) in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. A total of 60 patients was randomized into intraoral PBM (IOPBM) and extraoral PBM (EOPBM) groups. Both PBM protocols were well tolerated and no side effects were observed. EOPBM session times were one fourth of IOPBM durations. Of 60 patients, 35 (58.3%) developed ulcerated OM between day +3 and day +12. No intergroup difference was observed in OM healing times (p = 0.424). The lateral border of the tongue was the most common site affected in both groups. However, the incidence of mucositis on buccal mucosa was significantly reduced in the EOPBM group (p = 0.021). Young patients (OR.5.35, 95%CI 0.94-30.4, p = 0.058) and those who had received myeloablative conditioning (OR.55.1, 95%CI 2.69-1129.3, p = 0.009) were more likely to develop ulcerated OM, whereas autologous HSCT recipients (OR 0.079, 95% CI 0.009-0.67, p = 0.021) had a lower probability of developing ulcerated OM independent of PBM protocol. EOPBM protocol was as effective as IOPBM in the management of OM in HSCT patients, with the advantage of shorter treatment sessions. Trial registration number: RBR-7nww56. Date of trial registration submission: 30th September 2019.

15.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(3): 211-215, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650167

RESUMO

Timely diagnosis and treatment of oral and oropharyngeal cancers are central for the patient's survival. Our objective was to document the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the rate of hospitalizations due to these cancers in Brazil's National Health System (SUS). The number of hospitalizations by these cancers during the first periods of the pandemic-and between the same period of 2016 to 2019-was retrieved from the SUS Hospital Information System. We compared hospitalization rates between pre- and pandemic periods, by State. The hospitalization rate for oral and oropharyngeal cancer during the pandemic was lower than that of the same period of previous years. The decline between 2019 and 2020 was of 49.3%, reaching 60% in the North. The reduction in hospitalization during an extended period suggests that oral and oropharyngeal cancer care will be postponed, with potentially detrimental impact on survival.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Brasil/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/terapia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Virchows Arch ; 479(3): 585-595, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713188

RESUMO

The role of digital pathology in remote reporting has seen an increase during the COVID-19 pandemic. Recently, recommendations had been made regarding the urgent need of reorganizing head and neck cancer diagnostic services to provide a safe work environment for the staff. A total of 162 glass slides from 109 patients over a period of 5 weeks were included in this validation and were assessed by all pathologists in both analyses (digital and conventional) to allow intraobserver comparison. The intraobserver agreement between the digital method (DM) and conventional method (CM) was considered almost perfect (κ ranged from 0.85 to 0.98, with 95% CI, ranging from 0.81 to 1). The most significant and frequent disagreements within trainees encompassed epithelial dysplasia grading and differentiation among severe dysplasia (carcinoma in situ) and oral squamous cell carcinoma. The most frequent pitfall from DM was lag in screen mirroring. The lack of details of inflammatory cells and the need for a higher magnification to assess dysplasia were pointed in one case each. The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated and consolidated the use of online meeting tools, which would be a valuable resource even in the post-pandemic scenario. Adaptation in laboratory workflow, the advent of digital pathology and remote reporting can mitigate the impact of similar future disruptions to the oral and maxillofacial pathology laboratory workflow avoiding delays in diagnosis and report, to facilitate timely management of head and neck cancer patients. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Tecnologia Digital , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Maxilares/patologia , Microscopia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Telepatologia , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fluxo de Trabalho
17.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Oral mucositis (OM) is an acute toxicity related to cancer treatment. This systematic review aimed to identify potential risk factors associated with the development of OM in pediatric cancer patients. METHODS: A search was performed in four electronic databases to identify studies that analyzed risk factors for OM in pediatric cancer patients. RESULTS: Nineteen articles were included. The incidence of OM ranged from 20% to 80.4%. Chemotherapeutic agents were potential risk factors for OM in eight (42%) studies. Hematological, hepatic, and renal parameters were also considered in eight (42%) studies, while specific individual factors were reported in five (26.3%) studies. Baseline disease, oral microbiota, genetic profile, and biomarkers were reported in four (21.5%) studies each. Meta-analysis showed that groups submitted to high-risk chemotherapy for OM had a 2.79-fold increased risk of OM. CONCLUSIONS: Identifying risk factors for OM is essential in order to allow individualized and early prevention treatment.

18.
Arch Oral Biol ; 125: 105054, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to address whether the alveolar socket repair after a tooth extraction is impacted by an osteoporotic phenotype and propose methodological observations. DESIGN: A search strategy in MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases was performed. Quality assessment was carried out through the SYRCLE Risk of Bias tool. RESULTS: Out of the 1147 potentially relevant records, 25 met the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies were performed in rats, and ovariectomy (OVX) was the most frequent osteoporosis induction method. Histomorphometry, micro-computed tomography (microCT), and immunohistochemistry were the main bone repair evaluation methods. Most of the included studies (88 %) presented negative impacts of osteoporosis on the alveolar socket repair. Only three studies (12 %) showed no statistical differences among groups. Overall, most of the quality assessment categories presented a high percentage of unclear risk of bias due to insufficient information in the studies. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that an osteoporotic phenotype seems to impair alveolar socket repair after tooth extraction. However, there is still a lack of information and standardization. Therefore, further studies should consider the proposed methodological aspects regarding animal characteristics, OVX associated with a low calcium diet, waiting 8 weeks to osteoporosis induction, maxillary molars as the best option for tooth extraction, confirming and reporting OVX and osteoporosis success, and an appropriate method of repair analysis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Dente Impactado , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Microtomografia por Raio-X
19.
Gen Dent ; 69(2): 60-63, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661117

RESUMO

Osteoblastoma is a rare benign osteoblastic tumor accounting for less than 1% of all bone tumors; approximately 10% to 12% of cases occur in the maxillofacial skeleton. This case report describes the clinical, imaging, and histopathologic findings of an atypical osteoblastoma occurring in the mandible of a 60-year-old man. The characteristics of the lesion and the differential diagnosis from other bone pathoses are reviewed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Mandibulares , Osteoblastoma , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Neoplasias Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Mandibulares/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoblastoma/cirurgia
20.
Lasers Med Sci ; 36(6): 1209-1217, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745088

RESUMO

This randomized placebo-controlled trial evaluates the impact of photobiomodulation (PBMT) on the salivary flow and biochemistry of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis. Forty-four patients on hemodialysis self-responded two questionnaires for oral health and salivary gland function perception. The subjects were evaluated for function of salivary glands and randomly allocated to two groups: PBMT group (three irradiations at 808 nm, 100 mW, 142 J/cm2, and 4 J per site); and placebo group. Patients were submitted to non-stimulated and stimulated sialometry and after the treatment at baseline and 14 days. Salivary volume and biochemical of the saliva were analyzed. At baseline, most subjects had self-perception of poor oral health (52.6%) and salivary dysfunction (63.1%). Clinical exam revealed that 47.3% of subjects presented dry mucosa. PBMT promoted increase of the non-stimulated (p = 0.027) and stimulated saliva (p = 0.014) and decrease of urea levels in both non-stimulated (p = 0.0001) and stimulated saliva (p = 0.0001). No alteration was detected in total proteins and calcium analysis. Patients with kidney disease can present alteration in flow, concentrations, and composition of saliva, affecting oral health, but our findings suggest that PBMT is effective to improve hyposalivation and urea levels in saliva of patients with CKD.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Glândulas Salivares/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Glândulas Salivares/fisiopatologia
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