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1.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myofibromas are rare benign neoplasms composed of myoid cells and myofibroblasts. This study aimed to systematically review case reports and a series of myofibromas (MF) and myofibromatosis (MFT) occurring in the oral and maxillofacial regions in order to describe their main clinicopathological features. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Electronic searches were conducted in 2023 in four databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. A manual search and a search in the grey literature were also conducted. The lesions were classified as MF or MFT according to their original report. RESULTS: A total of 169 cases were included in this systematic review. Men were slightly more affected, with a painless nodule. When occurring in soft tissue, MF usually developed in the gingiva (mean age:29.23 ± 21.93 years) and when it was intra-osseous, it occurred more frequently in the posterior mandible (mean age:14.33 ± 15.62 years). MFT occurred mainly in the mandible and was predominantly described as well-circumscribed masses of spindle cells organized in fascicles with a prominent vascular activity in a hemangiopericytoma-like pattern. The lesions were mainly positive for smooth muscle actin and vimentin immunomarkers. Surgical excision was the treatment of choice in the majority of cases and recurrence was observed in only three cases. CONCLUSION: MF and MFT affect more men, with an indolent clinical course. Intra-osseous tumors and MFT seem to occur more frequently in younger individuals. These lesions seem to have a good prognosis and low recurrence.

3.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 76(2): 1733-1740, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566651

RESUMO

There is an ongoing debate about the reasons behind the increasing incidence of thyroid cancer in the last two to three decades. Here, we investigate how thyroid nodules were detected in a large series of consultations for thyroid nodular pathology. METHODS: In total, 576 patients were analyzed, with a total of 1014 nodules described. RESULTS: In 347 (60.2%) cases, the diagnosis of a thyroid nodule was incidental, mostly during imaging tests for other reasons. Incidental diagnosis occurred among all ranges of nodule diameter and between palpable and non-palpable cases, even within a small proportion of symptomatic cases. In univariate analysis, incidental diagnosis was associated with smaller nodule diameter, non-palpable nodules, asymptomatic cases, older patient age, less advanced stages (T1-2), and conservative management. After multivariate analysis, older age, euthyroidism, and smaller diameter were statistically significant. Incidental diagnosis contributed to the diagnosis of 53.8% of the cases of cancer. Advanced T stages (T3-4) were more common in non-incidental diagnoses. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that incidental diagnosis of thyroid nodules is a significant contributor to thyroid cancer diagnosis in all ranges of nodule diameter, especially at earlier stages.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594096

RESUMO

This study aimed to perform a systematic review to evaluate the impact of the oral repercussions of Sjogren's Syndrome (SS) on the quality of life (QoL) of patients living with this disease. To conduct this work, we followed the PRISMA guidelines. The included studies evaluated oral repercussions of SS and their correlation with QoL. The risk of bias was assessed with the JBI tools for each type of study design. Our findings resulted in 26 articles met the eligibility criteria. Seventeen articles (65.3%) used the OHIP-14 questionnaire to evaluate oral health-related QoL (OHRQoL) and showed that the oral repercussions of SS had a negative impact. Ten studies applied other QoL instruments, in which 5 found a correlation between oral repercussions of SS and poorer OHRQoL, 3 showed no correlation, and 2 were unclear. Due to significant heterogeneity, the meta-analysis was limited to 8 of the 17 studies that used the OHIP-14. The results showed statistically significant poorer OHRQoL in individuals with SS compared to healthy controls. In conclusion, oral repercussions of SS negatively affect QoL. However, future studies should focus on standardized methodology to provide more homogenous and comparable evidence.

6.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e280-e287, Mar. 2024. mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231232

RESUMO

Background: There is no consensus about effective systemic therapy for salivary gland carcinomas (sgcs). Our aim was summarized the clinical trials assessing the systemic therapies (ST) on sgcs.Material and Methods: Electronic searches were carried out through MEDLINE/pubmed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases, and gray literature. Results: Seventeen different drugs were evaluated, and the most frequent histological subtype was adenoid cysticcarcinoma (n=195, 45.5%). Stable disease, observed in 11 ST, achieved the highest rate in adenoid cystic carcinoma treated with sunitinib. The highest complete (11.1%) and partial response (30.5%) rates were seen in androgen receptor-positive tumors treated with leuprorelin acetate. Conclusions: Despite all the advances in this field, there is yet no effective evidence-based regimen of ST, with all the clinical trials identified showing low rates of complete and partial responses. Further, translational studies are urgently required to characterize molecular targets and effective ST. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Sunitinibe , Androgênios , Neoplasias , Leuprolida , Carcinoma
7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116316, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394853

RESUMO

Ethanol is one of the psychoactive substances most used by young individuals, usually in an intermittent and episodic manner, also called binge drinking. In the adolescent period, brain structures undergo neuromaturation, which increases the vulnerability to psychotropic substances. Our previous studies have revealed that ethanol binge drinking during adolescence elicits neurobehavioral alterations associated with brain damage. Thus, we explored the persistence of motor function impairment and cerebellum damage in the context of ethanol withdrawal periods (emerging adulthood and adult life) in adolescent female rats. Female Wistar rats (35 days old) received orally 4 cycles of ethanol (3.0 g/kg/day) or distilled water in 3 days on-4 days off paradigm (35th until 58th day of life). Motor behavioral tests (open field, grip strength, beam walking, and rotarod tests) and histological assays (Purkinje's cell density and NeuN-positive cells) were assessed on the 1-, 30-, and 60-days of binge alcohol exposure withdrawal. Our findings demonstrate that the adolescent binge drinking exposure paradigm induced cerebellar cell loss in all stages evaluated, measured through the reduction of Purkinje's cell density and granular layer neurons. The cerebellar tissue alterations were accompanied by behavioral impairments. In the early withdrawal, the reduction of spontaneous movement, incoordination, and unbalance was seen. However, the grip strength reduction was found at long-term withdrawal (60 days of abstinence). The cerebellum morphological changes and the motor alterations persisted until adulthood. These data suggest that binge drinking exposure during adolescence causes motor function impairment associated with cerebellum damage, even following a prolonged withdrawal, in adult life.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias , Ratos , Animais , Feminino , Ratos Wistar , Etanol/toxicidade , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Cerebelo/patologia , Alcoolismo/patologia , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/patologia , Fatores Etários
8.
Spec Care Dentist ; 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375918

RESUMO

AIMS: We conducted a systematic review of post-test communication protocols and observational studies regarding counseling for a positive sexually transmitted infection (STI) result and also discuss the role of dental specialist (e.g., oral medicine) in this sense. METHODS AND RESULTS: The search process followed the parameters of PRISMA 2020 guidelines. MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, and LILACS were consulted with a specific search strategy for each one. Additionally, the references of the included studies, grey literature, and experts were consulted. Four protocols and 18 observational studies were included in this systematic review, published between 1997 and 2022 in the Americas and Europe. The communication protocols emphasized the importance of conducting personal and private discussions with patients to address their fears and questions. Among the observational studies, 56% indicated that post-test counseling was either ineffective or absent. Furthermore, 22% of the studies used telephone communication to deliver results to patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the communication process of a positive STI result affects the patients in several aspects, as treatment adherence and their relationship with the community. Nevertheless, this process of STI post-test communication seems to be flawed, which brings potential negative effects to patients.

9.
Lasers Med Sci ; 39(1): 1, 2023 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38057605

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review to evaluate the impact of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) for the prevention of oral mucositis (OM) on the quality of life (QoL) of patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) undergoing radiation therapy. This study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. The search strategy was performed in five electronic databases (Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science). The included studies assessed the QoL of patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT) for HNC and undergoing PBMT for the management of OM. Seven articles met the eligibility criteria. Data extraction was performed in the selected studies including the PBMT parameters (active medium, application procedure, wavelength, fluence, power, irradiance, irradiation time, spot size, energy per point, schedule of irradiation, and total energy). The included studies were qualitatively analyzed, and descriptive analyses were performed. Also, summary results were evaluated for group comparison analysis. All included studies confirmed a decrease in the QoL of the patients that developed OM throughout the RT progress when compared to baseline. Of the informed cases, most of the patients who received PBMT showed grades 1 and 2 OM, while the control group showed more individuals with severe forms of OM (grades 3 and 4). In this sense, patients submitted to PBMT reported better QoL at the end of the treatment compared with the control group. PBMT used for the management of OM preserves the QoL of patients with head and neck cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Estomatite , Humanos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Estomatite/etiologia , Estomatite/prevenção & controle , Estomatite/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos
10.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(1): 27, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38097854

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of 1W extraoral photobiomodulation (EOPBM) and to compare with our previous results of 2W EOPBM and intraoral photobiomodulation (IOPBM) protocols in the management of oral mucositis (OM) related to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: A total of 30 patients underwent autologous or allogenic HSCT. Experimental protocol of 1W EOPBM was performed daily beginning in the first day of the conditioning regimen until 5 days after transplantation. The application areas included six points on the face and three points on the cervical area. Additional application of IOPBM was performed if patients had ulcered mucositis. Its severity was assessed daily according to WHO (World Health Organization) and NCI (National Cancer Institute) scales. Oral and oropharynx pains were scored daily by visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: The 1W EOPBM protocol was well tolerated without any complaints. Of total, 13 patients were male and 17 were female and the mean age was 49.3 years old. Most patients (21 patients - 70%) received autologous HSCT, and 24 patients (80%) underwent myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regime and 6 patients (20%) reduced intensive conditioning regime. Nineteen patients (63.3%) developed OM according to WHO criteria, 3 patients grade I, 10 grade II and 6 grade III. NCI mucositis grades were similar to WHO grades. OM outcomes of 1W EOPBM were similar when compared to our previous groups and no significant differences were observed. No differences were found between pain and the protocols (1W EOPBM, IOPBM and 2W EOPBM). CONCLUSION: This 1W EOPBM protocol seemed to be as effective as IOPBM and 2W EOPBM in the prevention of OM in HSCT patients. In addition, we might assume that there is a window of application on EOPBM.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Mucosite , Estomatite , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mucosite/etiologia , Estomatite/etiologia , Estomatite/prevenção & controle , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos
11.
Pathophysiology ; 30(4): 630-639, 2023 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38133146

RESUMO

The aim of this systematic review was to answer the question of whether crack cocaine can induce cellular and molecular alterations and whether such alterations are somehow related to clinical lesions in the oral mucosa. The searches were undertaken in three electronic databases and conducted based on the PRISMA 2020 statement. Eleven studies published between 1994 and 2020 were analyzed. The quality of the included studies was assessed by two independent reviewers (TGP and DAR) through a confounder's categorization methodology, in which final ratings were attributed (strong, moderate or weak) for each study. From 11 studies included, 7 evaluated the cellular/molecular impact of the addiction in a total of 492 individuals and compared to a control (non-exposure) group (n = 472). The main tests used for cellular alteration were MN and AgNORs. Cells from crack cocaine groups exhibited increased proliferation and MN counting. Only four studies evaluated the prevalence of oral lesions. All of them showed that individuals exposed to crack cocaine presented an increased number of oral lesions. Most studies showed good quality. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that crack use may induce changes at the cellular and molecular level and also exhibit an increased number of oral lesions. However, a correlation between such changes and oral mucosa lesions still needs further investigation and elucidation through other clinical studies in humans.

12.
Braz Oral Res ; 37: e126, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38126470

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of oral and maxillofacial pathology laboratories (OMPLs) in Brazilian public universities to the diagnosis of lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). A cross-sectional study was performed using biopsy records from a consortium of sixteen public OMPLs from all regions of Brazil (North, Northeast, Central-West, Southeast, and South). Clinical and demographic data of patients diagnosed with lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCC between 2010 and 2019 were collected from the patients' histopathological records. Of the 120,010 oral and maxillofacial biopsies (2010-2019), 6.9% (8,321 cases) were diagnosed as lip (0.8%, 951 cases), oral cavity (4.9%, 5,971 cases), and oropharyngeal (1.2%, 1,399 cases) SCCs. Most cases were from Brazil's Southeast (64.5%), where six of the OMPLs analyzed are located. The predominant profile of patients with lip and oral cavity SCC was Caucasian men, with a mean age over 60 years, low schooling level, and a previous history of heavy tobacco consumption. In the oropharyngeal group, the majority were non-Caucasian men, with a mean age under 60 years, had a low education level, and were former/current tobacco and alcohol users. According to data from the Brazilian National Cancer Institute, approximately 9.9% of the total lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCCs reported over the last decade in Brazil may have been diagnosed at the OMPLs included in the current study. Therefore, this data confirms the contribution of public OMPLs with respect to the important diagnostic support they provide to the oral healthcare services extended by the Brazilian Public Health System.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Patologia Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
13.
Biomarkers ; 28(8): 692-702, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38131287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In order to detect genetic damage, different methods have been developed, such as micronuclei and comet assay. The comet assay presents some advantages when compared to the other aforementioned methods, including wide versatility, as any eukaryotic cell can be evaluated at an individual cellular level. In this context, the aim of this systematic review was designed to help further elucidate the following question: is the comet assay a suitable biomarker of in vivo oral carcinogenesis? MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Full manuscripts from 18 studies were carefully selected in this setting. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies demonstrated positive findings for genotoxicity in peripheral blood or oral cells in patients with pre-malignant lesions or oral cancer. In the quality assessment of studies, 1 was classified as Strong, 5 were considered as Moderate, and 12 were classified as Weak. CONCLUSION: In summary, the comet assay can be a useful biomarker for oral carcinogenesis. However, further studies with more strict parameters are suggested (with less uncontrolled confounders) in order to increase findings reliability for diagnosis of oral potentially malignant lesions.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Carcinogênese/genética , Ensaio Cometa/métodos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 75(4): 2993-2997, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37974853

RESUMO

Surgical resection is the gold standard treatment for basal cell carcinomas, although there is literature supporting cryotherapy for low-risk cases. Our aim was to compare the histopathological aspects of recurrent postcryotherapy head and neck cutaneous BCC with de novo tumors, using a case-control study. 51 Recurrent postcryotherapy cases were selected between January 2017 and December 2021 and compared to 132 controls filtered from a consecutive series of de novo head and neck cutaneous BCC operated between January and December 2021. Aggressive variants, multifocality, invasion beyond adipose tissue and higher Clark levels were associated with recurrent cases on multivariate analysis. Previous cryotherapy treatment may have contributed to an increased risk of more aggressive recurrent disease and caution using this treatment modality is advised. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12070-023-03919-7.

15.
Braz Oral Res ; 37: e118, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37970938

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to develop a virtual learning object (VLO) to teach undergraduate dental students about the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to oral ulcerative lesions. The VLO was developed with information on the diagnostic process, lesion classification, and clinical-surgical management of oral ulcerative lesions. The VLO content was initially validated by a group of specialists. Learning was evaluated in a sample of 58 undergraduate dental students, divided into control group (conventional theoretical class, n = 29) and intervention group (interaction with VLO, n = 29). All students answered a pre-test and post-test questionnaire. The VLO group also answered a specific questionnaire on the evaluation of the VLO. Both quantitative and qualitative descriptive analyses were performed. The validation showed that professors and students considered the VLO adequate. The use of the VLO was recommended by 100% of professors and 86.6% of students. In the intervention group, the results showed a significantly higher number of correct answers in the post-test (p < 0.01). In conclusion, the VLO proved to be a useful tool for teaching oral medicine, contributing significantly to the knowledge of ulcerated lesions in the mouth.


Assuntos
Educação a Distância , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Educação em Odontologia/métodos
16.
Head Neck Pathol ; 17(4): 910-920, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37902929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of metastases in the oral and maxillofacial regions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, biopsy records were obtained from referral centers for oral and maxillofacial diagnosis in Brazil, Guatemala, Mexico, and South Africa. RESULTS: A total of 120 cases were evaluated. Of these, 53.78% affected female patients, with a mean age of 57.64 years. Intraosseous lesions were more frequent, particularly in the posterior region of the mandible (49.58%). Clinically, most cases presented with symptomatic swelling, with an average evolution time of 25 months. The clinical diagnostic hypothesis in most instances was that of a malignant lesion. Breast cancer was the most common primary tumor location in females, while lung origin was most common in males. In most cases, the primary cancer was an adenocarcinoma (44.73%). The follow-up period was available for 29 cases, and out of these, 20 had died due to the disease. CONCLUSION: Although this is a rare condition, clinicians should be aware that any oral lesions have the possibility of being metastatic, particularly in individuals with a previous history of cancer. The findings from this study could assist clinicians in prompt diagnosing these lesions and subsequent conducting oncologic assessments and treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Bucais , Úlceras Orais , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia
17.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 52(10): 988-995, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37712132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Odontogenic tumors (OT) are composed of heterogeneous lesions, which can be benign or malignant, with different behavior and histology. Within this classification, ameloblastoma and ameloblastic carcinoma (AC) represent a diagnostic challenge in daily histopathological practice due to their similar characteristics and the limitations that incisional biopsies represent. From these premises, we wanted to test the usefulness of models based on artificial intelligence (AI) in the field of oral and maxillofacial pathology for differential diagnosis. The main advantages of integrating Machine Learning (ML) with microscopic and radiographic imaging is the ability to significantly reduce intra-and inter observer variability and improve diagnostic objectivity and reproducibility. METHODS: Thirty Digitized slides were collected from different diagnostic centers of oral pathology in Brazil. After performing manual annotation in the region of interest, the images were segmented and fragmented into small patches. In the supervised learning methodology for image classification, three models (ResNet50, DenseNet, and VGG16) were focus of investigation to provide the probability of an image being classified as class0 (i.e., ameloblastoma) or class1 (i.e., Ameloblastic carcinoma). RESULTS: The training and validation metrics did not show convergence, characterizing overfitting. However, the test results were satisfactory, with an average for ResNet50 of 0.75, 0.71, 0.84, 0.65, and 0.77 for accuracy, precision, sensitivity, specificity, and F1-score, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The models demonstrated a strong potential of learning, but lack of generalization ability. The models learn fast, reaching a training accuracy of 98%. The evaluation process showed instability in validation; however, acceptable performance in the testing process, which may be due to the small data set. This first investigation opens an opportunity for expanding collaboration to incorporate more complementary data; as well as, developing and evaluating new alternative models.


Assuntos
Ameloblastoma , Carcinoma , Aprendizado Profundo , Tumores Odontogênicos , Humanos , Ameloblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ameloblastoma/patologia , Inteligência Artificial , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia
18.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 52(10): 980-987, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37712321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysplasia grading systems for oral epithelial dysplasia are a source of disagreement among pathologists. Therefore, machine learning approaches are being developed to mitigate this issue. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a cohort of 82 patients with oral potentially malignant disorders and correspondent 98 hematoxylin and eosin-stained whole slide images with biopsied-proven dysplasia. All whole-slide images were manually annotated based on the binary system for oral epithelial dysplasia. The annotated regions of interest were segmented and fragmented into small patches and non-randomly sampled into training/validation and test subsets. The training/validation data were color augmented, resulting in a total of 81,786 patches for training. The held-out independent test set enrolled a total of 4,486 patches. Seven state-of-the-art convolutional neural networks were trained, validated, and tested with the same dataset. RESULTS: The models presented a high learning rate, yet very low generalization potential. At the model development, VGG16 performed the best, but with massive overfitting. In the test set, VGG16 presented the best accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (62%, 62%, 66%, and 65%, respectively), associated with the higher loss among all Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) tested. EfficientB0 has comparable metrics and the lowest loss among all convolutional neural networks, being a great candidate for further studies. CONCLUSION: The models were not able to generalize enough to be applied in real-life datasets due to an overlapping of features between the two classes (i.e., high risk and low risk of malignization).


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Redes Neurais de Computação , Aprendizado de Máquina , Biópsia
19.
Restor Dent Endod ; 48(3): e24, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37675444

RESUMO

This review aimed to answer the following question "Does photobiomodulation treatment of the root surface decrease the occurrence of root resorption in reimplanted teeth?" Electronic searches were performed in the MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and Grey Literature Report databases. Risk of bias was evaluated using SYRCLE Risk of Bias tool. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluations (GRADE) tool was used to assess the certainty of evidence. In total, 6 studies were included. Five studies reported a reduced occurrence of root resorption in teeth that received photobiomodulation treatment of the root surface prior to replantation. Only 1 study reported contradictory results. The photobiomodulation parameters varied widely among studies. GRADE assessment showed a low certainty of evidence. It can be inferred that photobiomodulation treatment of the root surface prior to replantation of teeth can reduce the occurrence of root resorption. Nonetheless, further clinical studies are needed. Trial Registration: PROSPERO Identifier: CRD42022349891.

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