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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e132, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383838

RESUMO

There are divergences among studies regarding features associated to increased risk of osteoradionecrosis (ORN). Our objective was to identify factors that predispose to the development of ORN of the jaw. This was a retrospective, hospital-based, case-control study involving patients with head and neck cancer who had been treated with ≥ 60 Gy external radiotherapy (RT) to the jaw. A total of 19 cases of ORN and 43 controls were included. The patients' demographic data, tumor type, staging, treatment and outcome information, and pre-treatment oral status were collected. Univariate analysis showed that the oral cavity/oropharynx sites were associated with 9.77-fold increased risk of ORN development compared to other sites (p = 0.005). Being an active smoker was associated with 3.95-fold increased risk of ORN development (p = 0.01). A tendency towards increased risk of ORN was observed particularly when tooth extraction occurred after RT (odds ratio (OR): 3.04; p = 0.08). Multivariable analysis showed that tumor site was the only significant risk factor (OR: 21.03, p = 0.01). The oral and oropharyngeal primary site is an important risk factor for ORN. Dental extraction, which did not occur in 28% of the sample, was not an essential event for ORN development.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Osteorradionecrose , Humanos , Osteorradionecrose/epidemiologia , Osteorradionecrose/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathologic features of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) involving the oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: The MCL cases were retrieved from the pathosis database of 6 pathology laboratories. Original hematoxylin and eosin slides and immunohistochemical reactions were reviewed for confirmation of the initial diagnosis. Clinical data of the cases were obtained from the patients' pathosis and/or medical charts. RESULTS: Twenty cases were included in the study, showing a male predominance and a mean age of 66 years. The oral cavity (12 cases) and the oropharynx (5 cases) were the most commonly involved subsites. Most cases presented as asymptomatic swellings, with 2 cases showing bilateral involvement of the palate. The classic histologic variant predominated (12/20 cases). All cases expressed CD20 with nuclear cyclin D1 positivity. SOX11 was seen in 9/13 cases, CD5 in 6/16 cases, Bcl2 in 16/19 cases, CD10 in 2/20 cases, and Bcl6 in 4/16 cases. Ki67 showed a mean proliferation index of 40.6%. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was negative in all cases investigated. Follow-up data was available for 7 patients, with 5 currently alive and 2 deceased. CONCLUSION: Mantle cell lymphoma, albeit rare, may manifest in the oral and maxillofacial region. Its histologic heterogeneity demands a high degree of diagnostic skill from pathologists.

3.
Head Neck ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345615

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate characteristics associated with worse survival and the effectiveness of AJCC 8 in a real-world cohort of HNCSCC from South Brazil. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective cohort study (2011-2020) at a tertiary care center comprising 647 HNCSCC excised from 435 patients. RESULTS: At multivariable analysis, ear/nose/zygomatic or periorbital site, compromised or exiguous margins, and advanced pT stage were independent factors associated to DFS, while age, pN, and loco-regional recurrence were independent factors associated to DSS. Cox-regression multivariable models showed that the pT stage was statistically significant for the DFS, but not DSS. A significant distinction was only observed between T1 and T2. CONCLUSION: It was only in the lower categories of AJCC 8 (T1 and T2) that we were able to demonstrate the ability to stratify tumors with a significant risk of poor disease-related outcomes.

4.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; : 103886, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427771

RESUMO

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) has a significant patient-population in need of effective systemic therapy, as no drug is currently approved by the FDA for its management. We critically reviewed ACC-clinical trials (CT) registered on the ClinicalTrials.gov website using "ACC" under condition or disease. Trials specifically designed to test a drug-based therapy for ACC (n=33) were analyzed with most being one-arm phase II trials enrolling advanced, recurrent/metastatic, incurable ACC cases. Site restriction, maximum ECOG status, and period of disease progression varied as inclusion criteria. Small-molecule inhibitors were those most commonly investigated with Apatinib, Axitinib and Lenvatinib showing the best results in association with rigid enrollment criteria. The overall median time to progression remains modest and more efforts are urgently needed in this field. CTs designed to test drugs that act on key pathways associated with ACC aggressiveness are being conducted and represent a promising pathway if efficacy is proved.

5.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36218070

RESUMO

This systematic review aimed to incorporate published information about synchronous odontogenic tumors (SOTs) with an analysis of the demographic and clinical characteristics from the cases published in the literature. Case reports and case series of SOT were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Twenty-eight studies comprising 30 cases of SOTs were included. Considering all cases published, SOTs mostly occurred simultaneously in the maxilla and mandible (n = 19/63.3%). Lesions were bifocal in 13 (43.3% of all the 30 cases) and multifocal in 17 cases (56.7% of all the 30 cases). All SOTs available in the literature presented the same type of lesion, and two of them also involved another different SOT (n = 2/6.7% of all the 30 cases). Out of all published cases, the most frequent SOTs in the literature were odontomas (n = 10/33.3% of all the 30 cases), squamous odontogenic tumors (OTs) (n = 8/26.7% of all the 30 cases), calcifying epithelial OTs (n = 8/26.7% of all the 30 cases), and adenomatoid OTs (n = 2/6.7% of all the 30 cases). Considering all SOTs cases included, the overall recurrence was 13.3%. Inside a subgroup of the lesion, synchronous calcifying epithelial OT presented the highest (25%). Five cases (16.7% of all the 30 cases) had a previously associated syndrome, with two cases of Schimmelpenning syndrome being reported. Among published SOTs, odontomas were the most common. All SOTs available in the scientific literature showed the same type of OT and mainly affected both jaws simultaneously. Only a few of these cases were associated with a syndrome.

6.
Chemosphere ; 308(Pt 3): 136453, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122745

RESUMO

Methylmercury (MeHg) is the most common organic form of mercury (Hg) that humans are exposed and is considered an environmental pollutant. Several populations that live in endemic regions of MeHg exposure are subject to the toxicant for long periods, including pregnant women and children, causing damage to several organs during early periods of development. Alveolar bone is an essential structure for the oral cavity, responsible for supporting teeth and masticatory forces. However, evidence on the effects of MeHg on alveolar bone and the intrauterine and lactation period is lacking. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of MeHg exposure during gestation and lactation on the developing alveolar bone of offspring rats after maternal exposure. Dams were exposed during 41 days of pregnancy and lactation, and the mandibles of the offspring were collected. The alveolar bone was analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy to evaluate the physicochemical composition; by Scanning Electron Microscopy for ultrastructural evaluation; by histopathological, histochemical, and morphometric for tissue analyses. In addition, bone quality was assessed by X-ray microtomography. MeHg exposure altered the mineral composition and caused histological damage associated with a lower quantity and thickness of bone trabeculae, as well as reduced osteocyte density and collagen fiber content. A reduction in trabecular thickness and bone volume and an increase in trabecular spaces were observed and were associated with anatomical compromise of the vertical bone dimensions. Thus, the results suggest that the developing alveolar bone is susceptible to the toxic effects of MeHg when organisms are exposed during intrauterine and lactation periods. From a translational perspective, these changes in the alveolar bone can help us understand possible abnormalities induced by toxic metals and highlight the need for care for structures other than those already seen as targets for damage triggered by environmental MeHg exposure.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Mercúrio , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Animais , Criança , Colágeno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactação , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/toxicidade , Gravidez , Ratos
7.
Lasers Med Sci ; 37(9): 3571-3581, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125659

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to analyze for the first time the effect of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) using defocused high-power laser (DHPL) in myoblast cell line C2C12 viability and migration and compare them with low-power laser therapy. Cells were divided into 9 groups: Sham irradiation 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS); Sham irradiation 5%FBS; low-power laser 0.1 W; DHPL 810 1 W; DHPL 810 2 W; DHPL 980 1 W; DHPL 980 2 W; DHPL dual 1 W; DHPL dual 2 W. To simulate stress conditions, all groups exposed to irradiation were maintained in DMEM 5% FBS. The impact of therapies on cell viability was assessed through sulforhodamine B assay and on cells migration through scratch assays and time-lapse. Myoblast viability was not modified by PBMT protocols. All PBMT protocols were able to accelerate the scratch closure after 6 and 18 h of the first irradiation (p < 0.001). Also, an increase in migration speed, with a more pronounced effect of DHPL laser using dual-wavelength protocol with 2 W was observed (p < 0.001). In conclusion, the diverse PBMT protocols used in this study accelerated the C2C12 myoblasts migration, with 2-W dual-wavelength outstanding as the most effective protocol tested. Benefits from treating muscle injuries with PBMT appear to be related to its capacity to induce cell migration without notable impact on cell viability.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Mioblastos , Mioblastos/efeitos da radiação , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Movimento Celular , Lasers
8.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969221118323, 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36031847

RESUMO

Ameloblastic carcinoma (AC) is an uncommon malignant odontogenic tumor, with about 200 cases published in the literature. Here, we report a case of AC occurring in the maxilla - at the same anatomical location of an ameloblastoma 8 years earlier. A 23-year-old woman with maxillary swelling of 6-month duration was referred to our service. Extraoral examination revealed a swelling over the right side of the face, lifting her lip and nose. Intraorally, a firm, reddish, nodular swelling involving the right maxilla was observed. Computed tomography showed a hypodense image invading the right maxilla, maxillary sinus, and nasal fossa. An incisional biopsy was performed, followed by histopathologic examination and an immunohistochemical panel, which led to the diagnosis of AC. The lesion was treated with partial maxillectomy followed by immediate rehabilitation. Neither local recurrence of the tumor nor distant metastasis was observed during a 4-year follow-up. AC is a highly malignant lesion which requires aggressive therapy. Its diagnosis should be based on combined clinical, imaging, and pathological manifestations in order to improve diagnostic accuracy.

9.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997548

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dentists usually refer to difficulties in performing the diagnosis of oral mucosal lesions. This may be attributed to limited access to theoretical lectures and practical training on this subject along the graduation course. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to verify if there is an association between the perception of time dedicated to lectures/training and oral diagnosis abilities in oral medicine. The secondary aim was to evaluate the association between self--confidence to perform oral mucosal lesions diagnosis and performance in a diagnostic abilities test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 36 final-year dental students of a South-Brazilian dental school. The participants answered a questionnaire on their perception of time dedicated to lectures on oral medicine along the course (sufficient or insufficient) and their self-confidence to diagnose oral mucosal lesions or oral cancer (yes or not). The students were also submitted to a diagnostic abilities test based on 30 clinical photos of oral lesions, which should be classified as benign, potentially malignant or malignant. Moreover, the participants had to inform their clinical impression for each case. Finally, the participants informed their decision making for the case (refer the patient to a specialist or not). RESULTS: Students with higher self-confidence showed a higher percentage of correct answers on classification of the nature of lesions (81.1% vs. 68.5%, p = .03, teste t de Student) and on their clinical impression (66.3% vs. 41.7%, p < .01, Student's t-test). The perception of time dedicated to theoretical lectures on oral medicine as sufficient did not influence the students' diagnostic abilities (p > .05, Student's t-test) CONCLUSION: It may be concluded that self-confidence to diagnose oral lesions is associated with dental students' diagnostic abilities.

10.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35993910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are frequent conditions among individuals undergoing antineoplastic therapy, but their relationship with oral mucositis is unclear. This systematic review evaluated the potential association of anxiety and depression with frequency and severity of chemo/radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic searches were undertaken in five databases supplemented by manual scrutiny and gray literature searches in three other databases. The risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tool. RESULTS: Eight observational studies conducted on 954 individuals (male-to-female ratio: 1.1:1; age range: six-82 years). Three (37.5%) studies included patients with solid tumors, two (25%) studies included hematopoietic/lymphoid tissue tumors, and two (25%) studies comprised mixed types of malignant neoplasms. Eight different instruments were used to assess oral mucositis, while seven different instruments were used to evaluate anxiety and depression. Associations of anxiety and/or depression with oral mucositis severity were reported in six (75.0%) studies. Oral mucositis-related symptoms, especially pain, were linked with depression in three (37.5%) studies. CONCLUSION: A relatively low number of cases and data heterogeneity hamper definitive conclusion about the potential association between anxiety/depression and oral mucositis. Further studies that could guide more personalized treatments are warranted to investigate this plausible bidirectional interaction.

11.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the demographic, clinical, histopathological, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up data on the occurrence of oral and maxillofacial tuberculosis (OMTB). METHODS: Electronic searches without publication date restrictions were undertaken in four databases. Case reports and case series describing the occurrence of OMTB were included. Critical evaluation of studies was done using the Joanna Briggs Institute - University of Adelaide tool for case reports or case series. RESULTS: A total of 217 studies were included in the qualitative synthesis, for a total of 301 cases of OMTB. Of these patients, 192 (63.7%) were male, with an average age of 39.6 ± 19.8 (15 months to 81 years). The tongue (n = 80/26.6%) represented the most common affected site, followed by the mandible (n = 43/14.3%). The clinical presentation consisted mainly of a painful ulcerated lesion (n = 156/56.5%). Histopathological analysis showed a granulomatous inflammation in most cases (n = 156/63.1%). The main diagnostic methods used were sputum test (n = 53/26.8%), culture (n = 49/24.7%) and purified protein derivative (PPD), or Mantoux test (n = 49/24.7%). Antituberculosis therapy was used in 244 cases (100.0%) and 5.2% of patients died. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provided clinical, demographic data and information about diagnostic methods of OMTB lesions and served as an important guide to assist health professionals in the early diagnosis of these lesions.

12.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e101, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830144

RESUMO

Oral cancer represents a public health issue because of its high mortality rate, resulting mainly from diagnostic delays. Insufficient training in oral diagnosis is usually perceived by dentists. Distance learning could be used as an auxiliary tool to bridge that gap. This study evaluated the impact of a distance learning course on oral mucosal lesion diagnosis offered to public healthcare dentists. Participants of an online course answered a pretest/posttest comprising clinical images of 30 clinical cases. Participants were questioned about the diagnosis and informed their decision on the cases (referring the cases to a specialist or managing them themselves), as a parameter of perceived self-efficacy. A total of 442 dentists enrolled in the course. Their pass rate was 97%. Classification of the nature of the lesions, diagnostic hypotheses, sensitivity, and specificity improved by 13.4%, 10.0%, 13.4%, and 6.6%, respectively (p<0.01, Wilcoxon test). Regarding management, there was a 16.6% reduction in the intention to refer cases, while confidence in the diagnosis of benign lesions increased by 40%. A distance learning course may be useful in continuing education actions for primary care dentists, improving their diagnostic abilities and encouraging them in the management of oral lesions. Moreover, this strategy could contribute to disseminating knowledge to remote regions, particularly among primary health care professionals.


Assuntos
Educação à Distância , Úlceras Orais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Odontólogos , Humanos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Eur Endod J ; 7(2): 129-134, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35786579

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of Sealer Plus BC (SBC), AH Plus (AHP) and MTA Fillapex (MTF). METHODS: Human periodontal ligament dental stem cells (hPDLSCs) from third molars were isolated and cultured in a clonogenic medium. Cells were maintained in an incubator, and cell growth was monitored daily. hPDLSCs were characterised under flow cytometry and stem cell surface markers. The tested groups were a control group, SBC, AHP and MTF. Each sealer was prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions and placed in a clonogenic medium to produce a conditioned media. Conditioned media were then diluted to 10% to be placed in contact with culture cells in cell viability assay afterwards. The cells were harvested and plated into 96 wells culture plates. Genotoxicity was assessed by evaluation of micronucleus formation and cytotoxicity by MTT-based assay. All experiments were performed in triplicate. Data normality was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Statistical analysis for genotoxicity was performed with Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests and two-way ANOVA for cytotoxicity, both with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Cells expressed typical levels of mesenchymal stem cell surface markers. No differences in the number of micronuclei were observed among all groups (P>0.05). In all periods analysed (24, 48, and 72 h), the sealers presented statistically different results for cell viability (P<0.05), with SBC presenting the lowest cytotoxicity, followed by the control group, MTF, and AHP. CONCLUSION: All sealers presented low genotoxicity, and Sealer Plus BC presented the lowest cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Ligamento Periodontal , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Cálcio , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Humanos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/toxicidade , Silicatos , Células-Tronco
14.
Arch Oral Biol ; 142: 105496, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35810710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To answer the review's question "Does estrogen deficiency influence on the progression of apical periodontitis?" METHODS: Systematic searches were performed in MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Grey Literature Report databases, without restriction for language or year of publication. The eligibility criteria were based on the PICOS strategy, as follows: (P) animals with estrogen deficiency; (I) induction of apical periodontitis; (C) animals without estrogen deficiency (control group or sham surgery); (O) bidimensional and/or tridimensional measures of apical periodontitis progression; (S) studies in animal models. Risk of bias was performed with SYRCLE Risk of Bias tool. Certainty of evidence was assessed with GRADE. RESULTS: In total, 12 studies were included according to eligibility criteria. All studies (100%) demonstrated that the estrogen deficiency influence the apical periodontitis progression. Most studies performed a histomorphometric analysis evaluating bone loss area (58.3%), radiographic bone loss area (41.7%), bone volume assessment with microcomputed tomography (25%), fluorescence microscopy lesion area in mm2 (16.7%), and radiographic density assessment in one study (8.3%). The most frequent period of analysis was 21 days after lesion induction (75%). GRADE assessment showed a moderate certainty of evidence. DISCUSSION: The included studies demonstrated several limitations regarding randomization, blinding and description of baseline characteristics. All studies showed that an hypoestrogenic condition can favor an increased progression of apical periodontitis. Further clinical studies are necessary to confirm this correlation. CONCLUSIONS: In animal models, the estrogen deficiency significantly impact on the progression of apical periodontitis generating larger lesions comparing to healthy sham animals.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Animais , Estrogênios , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Microtomografia por Raio-X
15.
Pathol Res Pract ; 236: 153970, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35709549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Based on a critical review of published studies, we aimed to develop a good practice guide for using 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) as an inducer of oral carcinogenesis in Wistar rats. DESIGN: A systematic search was performed on Medline Ovid, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus databases. The SYRCLE's risk of bias tool was used to assess the quality of the studies. RESULTS: Thirty-five articles met the selection criteria; 22 (62.9%) of them administered 4NQO systemically in drinking water, with a mean concentration of 30.2 ppm (SD±15.9) and during a mean period of 20.8 (SD±7.8) weeks. The other 13 (37.1%) studies performed topical applications of 4NQO painting the oral mucosa of the animals three times a week (100%) with a mean period of administration of 16.8 (SD±7.0) weeks. Different 4NQO concentrations used for other periods achieved significant tumor development. Most studies didn't perform quantitative clinical analysis, and the histopathological diagnosis/grading criteria varied considerably. CONCLUSIONS: A poor description of solution care, adverse effects, and the number of losses were observed, and the reporting of these features needs to be improved. Suggestions to guide the development of future research are provided.

16.
J Lasers Med Sci ; 13: e7, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642234

RESUMO

Introduction: Postoperative management of patients undergoing tonsillectomy is challenging. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has emerged as a new tool providing therapeutic benefits. However, the contribution of PBMT to the postoperative outcomes of tonsillectomy is still undefined. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the published literature addressing the effects of PBMT on post-tonsillectomy. Methods: Searches in Scopus, PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and grey literature were carried out for the identification of randomised controlled trials reported up to August/2021. The risk of bias with the Cochrane Collaboration tool and meta-analysis was performed. Outcomes were assessed with the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Results: A total of 1183 articles were retrieved, of which only two were included for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The wavelengths were 685 nm and 980 nm with energy density set at 4 J/cm2. The mandibular angle and the surgical wound were the sites of laser irradiation. Individuals who had not undergone PBMT after tonsillectomy were more likely to report pain and odynophagia in the first 24 hours after surgery than individuals who had undergone PBMT after tonsillectomy (P<0.001). Children who received PBMT after tonsillectomy were equally affected by pain and odynophagia in the first seven days after surgery compared to children who had not undergone PBMT after tonsillectomy (P>0.05). However, both studies found a significant association of PBMT with reduced analgesic consumption. Conclusion: Although PBMT seems promising for the management of individuals undergoing tonsillectomy, a limited number of studies are available in the literature.

17.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 2022 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368144

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This scoping review aimed to determine the frequency of different teaching methodologies, tools and platforms applied in dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search strategy was performed in six databases and grey literature. A total of 28 questionnaire-based studies were included, without language or time restriction, from 20 different countries. RESULTS: Six thousand five hundred sixty-five participants were assessed: 84% undergraduates, 9% of faculty members, 5% of postgraduate students/residents/trainees and 2% of dental schools/residency programs. The pooled eligible data for teaching methodologies were 62% of a combination of different methods (95% CI, 35.5% to 82.3%), 23% a combination of synchronous and asynchronous formats (95% CI, 8.2% to 50.2%) and 15% for only synchronous lectures (95% CI, 4.3% to 42.2%). The reported tools were laptops (40%), smartphones (40%), tablets (40%), desktops (20%), Blackboard (20%), Respondus Lockdown Browser (20%), eProctor (20%) and PowerPoint (20%). The most used platforms were Zoom (70.6%), Microsoft Teams (23.5%) and Cisco Webex (23.5%). A better time management (17.9%; 95% CI, 7.9% to 35.6%) and the possibility of revision with additional notes (14.3%; 95% CI, 5.7% to 31.5%) was the greatest advantages related to dental e-learning, while the increased levels of anxiety/stress/burnout/exhaustion (35.7%; 95% CI, 21% to 54.2%) and internet connection problems (35.7%; 95% CI, 21% to 54.2%) was the most cited disadvantages. CONCLUSION: This scoping review showed promising blended teaching methodologies, tools and platforms in the dental education profile. The evidence suggests that e-learning technologies can widely contribute to dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, this study makes a major contribution to research by assessing the impact of COVID restrictions on dental education and further studies are needed to identify how restrictions in dental practice will affect future professionals.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To address the factors that affect the quality of life (QoL) of individuals undergoing treatment for mandibular fractures. STUDY DESIGN: This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and the search strategy was constructed according to the Populations, Interventions, Comparison, Outcomes, and Study Design principle in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. Risk of bias assessment was performed with Risk Of Bias In Non-randomized Studies of Interventions and Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for randomized trials 2. RESULTS: Nineteen studies were included: 15 observational and 4 clinical trials. Mean age ranged from 28 to 39 years, with a higher proportion of males. The condyle was the main fracture location and traffic accident was the fracture cause. Treatment approaches were mostly open reduction (89.4%) and maxillomandibular fixation (63%). QoL measurements varied considerably with the General Oral Health Assessment Index (31.5%) and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (21%) as the main instruments. Meta-analysis showed that open reduction and maxillomandibular fixation did not present significant differences to QoL (P = .39), but significant differences were observed with time (P < .00001). Other factors affected QoL, such as mental health, pain, socializing, appearance, and eating difficulties. CONCLUSIONS: Several factors, apart from the treatment approach, mentioned in this review seemed to affect the QoL of patients with mandibular trauma. Treatment choice should be based on well-stablished clinical criteria and on all other factors mentioned here.


Assuntos
Fraturas Mandibulares , Adulto , Humanos , Técnicas de Fixação da Arcada Osseodentária , Masculino , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida
19.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2022 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282937

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Little is known about the extent to which hydrogen peroxide as used for tooth bleaching could be carcinogenic to the oral mucosa. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate whether hydrogen peroxide as used for tooth bleaching has carcinogenic effects on the oral mucosa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase electronic databases were searched. Studies evaluating different outcomes potentially related to the carcinogenic effects of hydrogen peroxide for tooth bleaching on the oral mucosa were included. Risk of bias was assessed by the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation (SYRCLE), Risk Of Bias in Non-randomized Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I), or Risk of Bias 2 (RoB 2) tools. The strength of the evidence was assessed by using the Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) protocol. The quantitative analysis was performed with means, standard deviations, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Heterogeneity was analyzed by using I-squared statistics. RESULTS: Thirteen articles comprising 5 animal and 8 clinical studies met the inclusion criteria. Three of the 5 animal studies associated the bleaching agents with a carcinogen and demonstrated an enhancement of the carcinogenic effect, but probably with the bleaching agent acting only as a promoter. Five clinical studies concluded that the bleaching agents did not cause mutagenic stress on the oral mucosa by using the micronucleus test. The meta-analysis demonstrated that the frequency of micronuclei did not differ significantly between baseline and 30 days after bleaching (mean difference: 0.48; 95% CI, -1.49, 2.46; P=.63). CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review indicated that hydrogen peroxide does not appear to have carcinogenic effects on the oral mucosa.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331676

RESUMO

This review outlines the historical perspective, status, and future challenges of oral medicine (stomatology) in Brazil based on the records of the Brazilian Society of Stomatology and Oral Pathology (SOBEP) and the Brazilian Federal Dental Council as well as expert evidence input from academic leaders from 3 different generations of Brazilian oral medicine specialists. The beginning of oral medicine in Brazil dates to 1969, followed by the organization of SOBEP in 1974; however, official recognition as an independent specialty was achieved more recently within the Brazilian Federal Dental Council in 1992. After a 50-year maturation period of oral medicine in Brazil in terms of specialty crystallization across dentistry, medicine, and research, it is now time to follow the historical trends of the specialty internationally and establish a standard curriculum at a post-graduate level that will lead to uniformity of training for oral medicine in Brazil.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Brasil , Currículo , Odontólogos , Previsões , Humanos
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