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2.
Dermatol Online J ; 29(1)2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37040905

RESUMO

Geographic maldistribution of dermatologists contributes to disparities in access to dermatologic care. We aimed to investigate the geographic distribution of, and differences in wait times for medical dermatology services in Los Angeles County (LAC). We placed phone calls to 251 dermatology practices in LAC to ask for a new patient appointment for a changing mole. We found West LAC (Service Planning Area [SPA] 5) had the highest number of dermatologists and South LAC (SPA 6) had the lowest (26.1 versus 0 per 100,000 residents, P=0.01). Service Planning Area 6 has a higher non-White, uninsured, and impoverished population than SPA 5. Dermatology appointment wait times and Medicaid acceptance varied between SPAs but was not statistically significant (P=0.37 and P=0.20, respectively). Medicaid-accepting practices had a significantly longer mean wait time for an appointment than practices that did not accept Medicaid (26.1 versus 15.1 days, P=0.003). Regions with predominantly non-White, Spanish-speaking, and medically underinsured residents were found to be disproportionately lacking in dermatologists across LAC, which may contribute to impaired access to dermatology services in LAC.


Assuntos
Dermatologia , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Los Angeles , Agendamento de Consultas , Medicaid
4.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 32(4): 473-475, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Isotretinoin has been used off-label in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) patients with variable results, making it difficult to predict which patients with HS are likely to benefit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of HS patients who presented to UCLA HS clinic between August 2009 and March 2018 and collected data on their demographics, reported history of isotretinoin treatment for HS, and treatment response. A number of patient variables were analyzed between the responders and non-responders to see if any were associated with a higher likelihood of a beneficial response. RESULTS: Of the 209 patients, 39 (18.7%) reported prior treatment with isotretinoin. A beneficial response to isotretinoin was reported by 14 (35.9%) patients, while 25 (64.1%) patients reported no response. When comparing responders to non-responders, responders were more likely to have a history of pilonidal cyst (p = .024). Having a concomitant history of regular or cystic acne did not appear to enhance HS treatment response to isotretinoin. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that for HS patients, having a history of pilonidal cyst is associated with a beneficial response to isotretinoin.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar/tratamento farmacológico , Hidradenite Supurativa/tratamento farmacológico , Isotretinoína/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seio Pilonidal/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(9)2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) patients is negatively impacted by physical and psychosocial problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and severity of HS-specific symptoms and to correlate these with disease severity. Methods We analyzed medical record data from 145 patients seen in an academic HS specialty clinic between August 2009 to March 2018. Results Hurley stage III patients had significantly higher mean Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) scores (20.2) compared to patients with Hurley stage I (11.3) and II (13.9), (P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively). More than 75% of patients reported physical symptoms of drainage, irritation, pain, itching, bleeding, and odor. There were associated psychosocial problems of embarrassment and self-consciousness. Symptom severity was most strongly correlated with disease severity for odor (correlation coefficient 0.4, P<0.001), difficulty moving arms (0.323, P<0.001), negative impact on job/school (0.303, P<0.001), and negative impact on relationships (0.298, P<0.001). Conclusion Our results highlight the significant burden of HS and the need for a more comprehensive, HS-specific evaluation tool to better assess the QOL of this patient population. Limitations A small cohort in a single academic center.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Constrangimento , Estado Funcional , Hidradenite Supurativa/fisiopatologia , Hidradenite Supurativa/psicologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hemorragia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Odorantes , Prurido/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
7.
JAMA Dermatol ; 156(6): 681-685, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32347884

RESUMO

Importance: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) disproportionately affects women of childbearing potential. There is a paucity of data regarding the HS disease course during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. Objective: To explore the HS disease course during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients in the Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan-a large, academic, urban referral center. Women with a diagnosis of HS who became pregnant between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2018, were included. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, and International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, were used for identification of the diagnosis. Exposures: Pregnancy in patients with HS. Main Outcomes and Measures: Hidradenitis suppurativa disease status during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Results: A total of 127 women with HS were included in this study and accounted for 202 pregnancies. Of the 202 pregnancies, 171 were in black women, 25 in white women, 3 in women of other race/ethnicity, and 3 had unreported data. Mean (SD) age at HS onset was 19.3 (5.6) years; at time of HS diagnosis, 24.4 (5.3) years; and at time of pregnancy, 25.9 (5.0) years. The disease worsened during pregnancy in 70 pregnancies (61.9%), did not change in 34 pregnancies (30.1%), and improved in 9 pregnancies (8.0%). Hidradenitis suppurativa exacerbated in the postpartum period after 82 of 124 pregnancies (66.1%). Dermatologists were involved in managing HS in 28 pregnancies (14.4%) and for a higher proportion of patients with more severe Hurley stage as compared with cases of mild disease (stage 3: 7 of 18 [38.9%] vs stage 1: 10 of 100 [10.0%] or stage 2: 11 of 67 [16.4%]; P = .004). In addition, HS medical treatment was administered during 77 pregnancies (38.1%), while HS procedural treatment was administered during 34 pregnancies (16.8%). A significantly higher proportion of patients whose care was managed by dermatologists vs those without dermatologist involvement received any HS medication (22 [78.6%] vs 53 [31.7%], P < .001) or any HS procedure (14 [50%] vs 19 [11.4%], P < .001) during pregnancy. Conclusions and Relevance: Despite a high rate of HS exacerbation during pregnancy and postpartum, this cohort study found that most of the patients did not receive HS-directed medical treatment or care from a dermatologist during pregnancy. Close monitoring and improved collaborative care between dermatology and obstetrics-gynecology services is warranted.


Assuntos
Hidradenite Supurativa/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Adulto , Dermatologia/organização & administração , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Ginecologia/organização & administração , Hidradenite Supurativa/terapia , Humanos , Obstetrícia/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
10.
Cureus ; 11(6): e4970, 2019 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453042

RESUMO

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent painful nodules and draining sinus tracts with subsequent scarring. HS has been associated with several dermatologic syndromes including the follicular occlusion tetrad, PASH (pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and suppurativa hidradenitis), PAPASH (pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and suppurativa hidradenitis), and SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis) syndromes. However, aside from the well-established association between HS and Down Syndrome, it has rarely been reported in association with other multisystem genetic diseases. We report a case of HS in a 22-year-old man with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), a developmental disorder caused by a chromosomal 17 microdeletion. Obesity and a tendency toward follicular occlusion are features of SMS that may have contributed to the development of HS in our patient. Interestingly, the patient also had several other follicular-based skin diseases including erythromelanosis follicularis faciei, keratosis pilaris, and acne keloidalis nuchae. Dermatologic findings in SMS have been characterized in the literature in the past, but to our knowledge, this is the first case of HS reported in a patient with SMS. We also provide a brief literature review of cases of HS occurring in patients with other multisystem genetic diseases.

12.
J Hum Lact ; 34(4): 760-767, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29438633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women face societal and cultural barriers to breastfeeding. These challenges have been investigated in international studies and U.S. public opinion polls; however, mothers' experiences with breastfeeding in public in the United States remain unexplored. Research aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of obese and normal-weight women with breastfeeding in public in central New York. METHODS: Pregnant women ( N = 26) in central New York who intended to breastfeed and were either normal weight or obese were enrolled during their third trimester. A longitudinal, qualitative study was conducted to obtain information about women's experiences from birth through 3 to 6 months postpartum. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and verified for accuracy. Transcripts were analyzed iteratively using conventional content analysis. RESULTS: The concept of "public" was situational rather than a set of physical places; women experienced challenges while breastfeeding around others in private locations that were indistinguishable from those they encountered in places typically considered public. Women experienced social and physical awkwardness including perceived lack of acceptability, fear of confrontation, exposure, and positioning difficulties. They used strategies to reduce awkwardness, for example, being "discreet" and minimizing breastfeeding around other people. Obese women experienced similar challenges but to a greater degree than normal-weight women. CONCLUSION: "Breastfeeding around others" described mother's experiences more accurately than "breastfeeding in public" and was experienced as awkward both socially and physically, particularly by obese women. Strategies are needed to normalize breastfeeding in the United States and to prepare mothers for the challenges of breastfeeding around others.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Percepção , Setor Público , Adulto , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Cultura , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , New York , Obesidade/complicações , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Matern Child Nutr ; 13(3)2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27452978

RESUMO

Obese women are at risk for shorter breastfeeding duration, but little is known about how obese women experience breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to understand obese women's breastfeeding experiences. We enrolled pregnant women in upstate New York, who were either obese [n = 13; body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 ] or normal weight (n = 9; BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 ) before conception and intended to breastfeed. A longitudinal, qualitative study was conducted from February 2013 through August 2014 with semi-structured interviews during pregnancy and at specific times post-partum through 3 months. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed and analyzed using content analysis. Themes that emerged in analysis were compared between obese and normal-weight women. Differences were identified and described. Prenatally, obese women expressed less confidence about breastfeeding than normal-weight women. Post-partum, obese women and their infants had more health issues that affected breastfeeding, such as low infant blood glucose. Compared with normal-weight women, they also experienced more challenges with latching and positioning their infants. Breastfeeding required more time, props and pillows, which limited where obese women could breastfeed. Obese women also experienced more difficulty finding nursing bras and required more tangible social support than normal-weight women. In conclusion, obese women experienced more challenges than women of normal weight; some challenges were similar to those of normal-weight women but were experienced to a greater degree or a longer duration. Other challenges were unique. Obese women could benefit from targeted care prenatally and during the hospital stay as well as continued support post-partum to improve breastfeeding outcomes. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Longitudinais , Mães , New York , Período Pós-Parto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
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