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1.
Commun Chem ; 7(1): 29, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351167

RESUMO

Poorly selective mixed-metal cluster synthesis and separation yield reaction solutions of inseparable intermetalloid cluster mixtures, which are often discarded. High-resolution mass spectrometry, however, can provide precise compositional data of such product mixtures. Structure assignments can be achieved by advanced computational screening and consideration of the complete structural space. Here, we experimentally verify structure and composition of a whole cluster ensemble by combining a set of spectroscopic techniques. Our study case are the very similar nickel/gallium clusters of M12, M13 and M14 core composition Ni6+xGa6+y (x + y ≤ 2). The rationalization of structure, bonding and reactivity is built upon the organometallic superatom cluster [Ni6Ga6](Cp*)6 = [Ga6](NiCp*)6 (1; Cp* = C5Me5). The structural conclusions are validated by reactivity tests using carbon monoxide, which selectively binds to Ni sites, whereas (triisopropylsilyl)acetylene selectively binds to Ga sites.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 260: 119912, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015742

RESUMO

The strength and geometry of adsorption of substituted phenylpyruvates on silver surface was studied by means of surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) using silver sol. 2'-nitrophenylpyruvates were used as starting materials in a newly developed heterogeneous catalytic asymmetric cascade reaction to produce substituted quinoline derivatives. Substituents on the aromatic ring of the starting materials had significant influence on the yield of the desired quinoline derivatives. Product selectivity of the transformation of nitrophenylpyruvates were enhanced by the acid added. The geometry and the strength of the adsorption are assumed to play an important role in the outcome of this reaction, so we have tried to find correlation between the structure of adsorbed phenylpyruvates and their catalytic performance. Based on the results of our spectroscopic measurements, the enol form is predominant in the series of phenylpyruvates in solid form and methanol solutions. Stronger adsorption of phenylpyruvates in acidic media through oxygen atoms was indicated by the increased enhancement in the SERS spectrum. The nitro group of 2'-nitrophenylpyruvates has no direct role in the adsorption on Ag surface. This observation has explained why the hydrogenation of the keto group (presumably via the enol form) occurs preferentially and why the formation of the undesired indole derivatives requiring reduction of the nitro group is suppressed. The SERS behavior has helped to get a closer look on the first step of adsorption of starting materials contributing to a better understanding of the cascade reaction studied, thus providing a better flexibility in catalyst design.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(26): 10504-10509, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184478

RESUMO

The modular building principle of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) presents an excellent platform to explore and establish structure-property relations that tie microscopic to macroscopic properties. Negative thermal expansion (NTE) is a common phenomenon in MOFs and is often ascribed to collective motions that can move through the structure at sufficiently low energies. Here, we show that the introduction of additional linkages in a parent framework, retrofitting, is an effective approach to access lattice dynamics experimentally, in turn providing researchers with a tool to alter the NTE behavior in MOFs. By introducing TCNQ (7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane) into the prototypical MOF Cu3BTC2 (BTC = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate; HKUST-1), NTE can be tuned between αV = -15.3 × 10-6 K-1 (Cu3BTC2) and αV = -8.4 × 10-6 K-1 (1.0TCNQ@Cu3BTC2). We ascribe this phenomenon to a general stiffening of the framework as a function of TCNQ loading due to additional network connectivity, which is confirmed by computational modeling and far-infrared spectroscopy. Our findings imply that retrofitting is generally applicable to MOFs with open metal sites, opening yet another way to fine-tune properties in this versatile class of materials.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 54(5): 2300-9, 2015 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25668724

RESUMO

The alkali metal silyl hydrides ASiH3 (A = K, Rb) and their deuteride analogues were prepared from the Zintl phases ASi. The crystal structures of ASiH3 consist of metal cations and pyramidal SiH3(-) ions. At room temperature SiH3(-) moieties are randomly oriented (α modifications). At temperatures below 200 K ASiH3 exist as ordered low-temperature (ß) modifications. Structural and vibrational properties of SiH3(-) in ASiH3 were characterized by a combination of neutron total scattering experiments, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, as well as density functional theory calculations. In disordered α-ASiH3 SiH3(-) ions relate closely to freely rotating moieties with C3v symmetry (Si-H bond length = 1.52 Å; H-Si-H angle 92.2 °). Observed stretches and bends are at 1909/1903 cm(-1) (ν1, A1), 1883/1872 cm(-1) (ν3, E), 988/986 cm(-1) (ν4, E), and 897/894 cm(-1) (ν2, A1) for A = K/Rb. In ordered ß-ASiH3 silyl anions are slightly distorted with respect to their ideal C3v symmetry. Compared to α-ASiH3 the molar volume is by about 15% smaller and the Si-H stretching force constant is reduced by 4%. These peculiarities are attributed to reorientational dynamics of SiH3(-) anions in α-ASiH3. Si-H stretching force constants for SiH3(-) moieties in various environments fall in a range from 1.9 to 2.05 N cm(-1). These values are considerably smaller compared to silane, SiH4 (2.77 N cm(-1)). The reason for the drastic reduction of bond strength in SiH3(-) remains to be explored.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 52(12): 7031-44, 2013 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23706110

RESUMO

To date, only few examples of tetrazolylidene carbenes coordinated to transition metal complexes have been described. A direct comparison of "normal" tetrazolylidenes (1,4-substitution pattern) and "abnormal" tetrazolylidenes (also referred to as "mesoionic carbenes"; 1,3-substitution pattern) has not been performed at all. In this work, we describe coordination of both ligand types to a row of transition metals. For example, the first examples of tetrazolylidene Mo, Ag, or Ir complexes have been isolated and fully characterized. The mesoionic tetrazolylidene Ag compound 2d is shown to be a viable carbene transfer reagent. By means of NMR, IR, and Raman spectroscopy, as well as X-ray crystallography and computational results, the pronounced differences between the two ligand substitution patterns are highlighted. It is shown that simply changing the position of a methyl group from N3 to N4 in the heterocycle can cause enormous differences in ligand characteristics.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Tetrazóis/química , Elementos de Transição/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares
7.
Chemistry ; 19(19): 5972-9, 2013 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23463660

RESUMO

Imidazolium-based ionic liquids that contain perrhenate anions are very efficient reaction media for the epoxidation of olefins with H2O2 as an oxidant, thus affording cyclooctene in almost quantitative yields. The mechanism of this reaction does not follow the usual pathway through peroxo complexes, as is the case with long-known molecular transition-metal catalysts. By using in situ Raman, FTIR, and NMR spectroscopy and DFT calculations, we have shown that the formation of hydrogen bonds between the oxidant and perrhenate activates the oxidant, thereby leading to the transfer of an oxygen atom onto the olefin demonstrating the special features of an ionic liquid as a reaction environment. The influence of the imidazolium cation and the oxidant (aqueous H2O2, urea hydrogen peroxide, and tert-butyl hydrogen peroxide) on the efficiency of the epoxidation of cis-cyclooctene were examined. Other olefinic substrates were also used in this study and they exhibited good yields of the corresponding epoxides. This report shows the potential of using simple complexes or salts for the activation of hydrogen peroxide, owing to the interactions between the solvent medium and the active complex.

9.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 80(4): 044703, 2009 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19405682

RESUMO

Conventional techniques for measurement of dielectric properties of ionic liquids or electrolyte solutions fail because the samples are largely short circuited by the high electrical conductance. The object of the author's research activity was to elaborate an apparatus (microwave dielectrometer) and method suitable to measure the dielectric constant (epsilon(')) and loss factor (epsilon(")) of well conducting ionic liquids and other solvents. This process is based on a revised waveguide method completed with an automatic calibration possibility. Contrary to conventional measuring methods this technique uses about 20 W/g power density. The measurements were carried out at 2.45 GHz frequency in the temperature range from 10 up to 100 degrees C. The obtained (epsilon(')) and (epsilon(")) values of different solvents were compared with several published (calculated and measured) data. Statistical analysis was used to determine the error of measurements and distilled water was chosen as a standard for study of data dispersion. To accomplish statistical analysis, namely, the dielectric characteristics have to be determined at the same temperature. The values of variances were less or equal 1 in case of epsilon(') and decrease with increasing temperature. In case of epsilon(") the variance data were much smaller.

10.
Dalton Trans ; (8): 1328-38, 2009 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19462654

RESUMO

The strongly hydrogen bonded species (CH3)2SO...H3O+ formed in concentrated hydrochloric acid displays a new low energy feature in its sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectrum. Density Functional Theory-Transition Potential (DFT-TP) calculations reveal that the strong hydrogen bonding decreases the energy of the transition S(1s) --> LUMO, which has antibonding sigma*(S-O) character, with about 0.8 eV. Normal coordinate force field analyses of the vibrational spectra show that the SO stretching force constant decreases from 4.72 N cm(-1) in neat liquid dimethyl sulfoxide to 3.73 N cm(-1) for the hydrogen bonded (CH3)2SO...H3O+ species. The effects of sulfur coordination on the ambidentate dimethyl sulfoxide molecule were investigated for the trans-Pd((CH3)2SO)2Cl2, trans-Pd((CD3)2SO)2Cl2 and cis-Pt((CH3)2SO)2Cl2 complexes with square planar coordination of the chlorine and sulfur atoms. The XANES spectra again showed shifts toward low energy for the transition S(1 s) --> LUMO, now with antibonding sigma*(M-Cl, M-S) character, with a larger shift for M = Pt than Pd. DFT-TP calculations indicated that the differences between the XANES spectra of the geometrical cis and trans isomers of the M((CH3)2SO)2Cl2 complexes are expected to be too small to allow experimental distinction. The vibrational spectra of the palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes were recorded and complete assignments of the fundamentals were achieved. Even though the M-S bond distances are quite similar the high covalency especially of the Pt-S bonds induces significant increases in the S-O stretching force constants, 6.79 and 7.18 N cm(-1), respectively.


Assuntos
Dimetil Sulfóxido/química , Análise Espectral/métodos , Ésteres do Ácido Sulfúrico/química , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Enxofre/química , Raios X
11.
Inorg Chem ; 48(9): 4219-30, 2009 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19351134

RESUMO

Cadmium(II) cysteinate compounds have recently been recognized to provide an environmentally friendly route for the production of CdS nanoparticles, used in semiconductors. In this article, we have studied the coordination for two cadmium(II) cysteinates, Cd(HCys)(2) x H(2)O (1) and {Cd(HCys)(2) x H(2)O}(2) x H(3)O(+)ClO(4)(-) (2), by means of vibrational (Raman and IR absorption), solid-state NMR ((113)Cd and (13)C), and Cd K- and L(3)-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Indistinguishable Cd K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and Cd L(3)-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra were obtained for the two compounds, showing similar local structure around the cadmium(II) ions. The vibrational spectra show that the cysteine amine group is protonated (NH(3)(+)) and not involved in bonding. The (113)Cd solid-state cross-polarization magic angle spinning NMR spectra showed a broad signal in the approximately 500-700 ppm range, with the peak maximum at about 650 ppm, indicating three to four coordinated thiolate groups. Careful analyses of low-frequency Raman and far-IR spectra revealed bridging and terminal Cd-S vibrational bands. The average Cd-S distance of 2.52 +/- 0.02 A that constantly emerged from least-squares curve-fitting of the EXAFS spectra is consistent with CdS(4) and CdS(3)O coordination. Both structural models yielded reasonable values for the refined parameters, with a slightly better fit for the CdS(3)O configuration, for which the Cd-O distance of 2.27 +/- 0.04 A was obtained. The Cd L(3)-edge XANES spectra of 1 and 2 resembled that of the CdS(3)O model compound and showed that the coordination around Cd(II) ions in 1 and 2 cannot be exclusively CdS(4). The small separation of 176 cm(-1) between the infrared symmetric and antisymmetric COO(-) stretching modes indicates monodentate or strongly asymmetrical bidentate coordination of a cysteine carboxylate group in the CdS(3)O units. The combined results are consistent with a "cyclic/cage" type of structure for both the amorphous solids 1 and 2, composed of CdS(4) and CdS(3)O units with single thiolate (Cd-S-Cd) bridges, although a minor amount of cadmium(II) sites with CdS(3)O(2-3) and CdS(4)O coordination geometries cannot be ruled out.


Assuntos
Cádmio/química , Cisteína/química , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Acetatos/síntese química , Acetatos/química , Cisteína/síntese química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Percloratos/síntese química , Percloratos/química , Análise Espectral
12.
Inorg Chem ; 47(14): 6121-3, 2008 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18578492

RESUMO

Acetonitrile is easily oxygenated at ambient reaction conditions to copper(II) oxalate [Cu(bpy)(ox)] n mediated by copper(I) chloride in the presence of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol and 2,2'-bipyridine. In the case of other nitriles (e.g., propionitrile), instead, the unusual and selective 1,4-extradiol cleavage of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol occurs to give copper(II) tert-butylmaleate [Cu(bma)(bpy)(H2O)]n in good yield.

13.
Nat Mater ; 7(5): 381-5, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18408723

RESUMO

Porosity and chirality are two of the most important properties for materials in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry. Inorganic microporous materials such as zeolites have been widely used in ion-exchange, selective sorption/separation and catalytic processes. The pore size and shape in zeolites play important roles for specific applications. Chiral inorganic microporous materials are particularly desirable with respect to their possible use in enantioselective sorption, separation and catalysis. At present, among the 179 zeolite framework types reported, only three exhibit chiral frameworks. Synthesizing enantiopure, porous tetrahedral framework structures represents a great challenge for chemists. Here, we report the silicogermanates SU-32 (polymorph A), SU-15 (polymorph B) (SU, Stockholm University) and a hypothetical polymorph C, all built by different stacking of a novel building layer. Whereas polymorphs B and C are achiral, each crystal of polymorph A exhibits only one hand and has an intrinsically chiral zeolite structure. SU-15 and SU-32 are thermally stable on calcination.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18439880

RESUMO

The effects of Cu(2+)-sulfate and Pb(2+)-acetate on carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), silver carp (Hypopthalmichtys molitrix V.) and wels (Silurus glanis L.) were studied. The liver microsomal Cyt P450 content, the EROD, ECOD and APND monooxygenase activities were measured. In vivo treatment with 1 mg L(-1) Cu(2+) significantly elevated the activities of these enzymes and Cyt P450 content in silver carp livers. The high-dose Cu(2+) treatment (10 mg L(-1)) on silver carp caused two-fold higher induction in the P450 dependent monooxygenase isoensymes than in wels. Although the 2 mg kg(-1) treatment with Pb(2+) in carp elevated significantly the P450 content, the EROD isoenzyme activities were significantly decreased after 1 day, showing the destructive effect of metal ion on the enzyme system. In vitro, Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) decreased the Cyt P450 content in the carp liver microsomes and the absorption peak shifted to higher wavelength. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to detect the damaging effects of the heavy metals. According to the inhibitory potency to Cu(2+), the most sensitive isoenzyme was the EROD in wels, the least was the silver carp's isoenzyme. The investigated fish P450 isoenzymes showed, that the Cu(2+) was a stronger inhibitor than Pb(2+).


Assuntos
Carpas/metabolismo , Peixes-Gato/metabolismo , Sulfato de Cobre/toxicidade , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450 , Inibidores Enzimáticos/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organometálicos/toxicidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , O-Dealquilase 7-Alcoxicumarina/antagonistas & inibidores , O-Dealquilase 7-Alcoxicumarina/metabolismo , Animais , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/antagonistas & inibidores , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/metabolismo , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fígado/enzimologia , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato
16.
Inorg Chem ; 46(20): 8332-48, 2007 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17784748

RESUMO

Sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra have been recorded and the S(1s) electron excitations evaluated by means of density functional theory-transition potential (DFT-TP) calculations to provide insight into the coordination, bonding, and electronic structure. The XANES spectra for the various species in sulfur dioxide and aqueous sodium sulfite solutions show considerable differences at different pH values in the environmentally important sulfite(IV) system. In strongly acidic (pH < approximately 1) aqueous sulfite solution the XANES spectra confirm that the hydrated sulfur dioxide molecule, SO2(aq), dominates. The theoretical spectra are consistent with an OSO angle of approximately 119 degrees in gas phase and acetonitrile solution, while in aqueous solution hydrogen bonding reduces the angle to approximately 116 degrees . The hydration affects the XANES spectra also for the sulfite ion, SO32-. At intermediate pH ( approximately 4) the two coordination isomers, the sulfonate (HSO3-) and hydrogen sulfite (SO3H-) ions with the hydrogen atom coordinated to sulfur and oxygen, respectively, could be distinguished with the ratio HSO3-:SO3H- about 0.28:0.72 at 298 K. The relative amount of HSO3- increased with increasing temperature in the investigated range from 275 to 343 K. XANES spectra of sulfonate, methanesulfonate, trichloromethanesulfonate, and trifluoromethanesulfonate compounds, all with closely similar S-O bond distances in tetrahedral configuration around the sulfur atom, were interpreted by DFT-TP computations. The energy of their main electronic transition from the sulfur K-shell is about 2478 eV. The additional absorption features are similar when a hydrogen atom or an electron-donating methyl group is bonded to the -SO3 group. Significant changes occur for the electronegative trichloromethyl (Cl3C-) and trifluoromethyl (F3C-) groups, which strongly affect the distribution especially of the pi electrons around the sulfur atom. The S-D bond distance 1.38(2) A was obtained for the deuterated sulfonate (DSO3-) ion by Rietveld analysis of neutron powder diffraction data of CsDSO3. Raman and infrared absorption spectra of the CsHSO3, CsDSO3, H3CSO3Na, and Cl3CSO3Na.H2O compounds and Raman spectra of the sulfite solutions have been interpreted by normal coordinate calculations. The C-S stretching force constant for the trichloromethanesulfonate ion obtains an anomalously low value due to steric repulsion between the Cl3C- and -SO3 groups. The S-O stretching force constants were correlated with corresponding S-O bond distances for several oxosulfur species.


Assuntos
Análise Espectral/métodos , Sulfitos/química , Ácidos Sulfônicos/química , Dióxido de Enxofre/química , Soluções , Vibração , Difração de Raios X , Raios X
17.
Inorg Chem ; 46(19): 7731-41, 2007 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17718478

RESUMO

The octakis(DMSO) (DMSO = dimethylsulfoxide) neodymium(III), samarium(III), gadolinium(III), dysprosium(III), erbium(III), and lutetium(III) iodides crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/n (No. 14) with Z = 4, while the octakis(DMSO) iodides of the larger lanthanum(III), cerium(III), and praseodymium(III) ions crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Pbca (No. 61), Z = 8. In all [Ln(OS(Me2)8]I3 compounds the lanthanoid(III) ions coordinate eight DMSO oxygen atoms in a distorted square antiprism. Up to three of the DMSO ligands were found to be disordered and were described by two alternative configurations related by a twist around the metal-oxygen (Ln-O) bond. To resolve the atomic positions and achieve reliable Ln-O bond distances, complete semirigid DMSO molecules with restrained geometry and partial occupancy were refined for the alternative sites. This disorder model was also applied on previously collected data for the monoclinic octakis(DMSO)yttrium(III) iodide. At ambient temperature, the eight Ln-O bond distances are distributed over a range of about 0.1 A. The average value increases from Ln-O 2.30, 2.34, 2.34, 2.36, 2.38, 2.40 to 2.43 A (Ln = Lu, Er, Y, Dy, Gd, Sm, and Nd) for the monoclinic [Ln(OSMe2)8]I3 structures, and from 2.44, 2.47 to 2.49 A (Ln = Pr, Ce, and La) for the orthorhombic structures, respectively. The average of the La-O and Nd-O bond distances remained unchanged at 100 K, 2.49 and 2.43 A, respectively. Despite longer bond distances and larger Ln-O-S angles, the cell volumes are smaller for the orthorhombic structures (Ln = Pr, Ce, and La) than for the monoclinic structure with Ln = Nd, showing a more efficient packing arrangement. Raman and IR absorption spectra for the [Ln(OS(CH3)2)8]I3 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Lu, and Y) compounds, also deuterated for La and Y, have been recorded and analyzed by means of normal coordinate methods. The force constants for the Ln-O and S-O stretching modes in the complexes increase with decreasing Ln-O bond distance and show increasing polarization of the bonds for the smaller and heavier lanthanoid(III) ions.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 46(11): 4642-53, 2007 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17474737

RESUMO

The new crystalline compounds Tl2Ni(CN)4 and Tl2Pd(CN)4 were synthesized by several procedures. The structures of the compounds were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compounds are isostructural with the previously reported platinum analogue, Tl2Pt(CN)4. A new synthetic route to the latter compound is also suggested. In contrast to the usual infinite columnar stacking of [M(CN)4]2- ions with short intrachain M-M separations, characteristic of salts of tetracyanometalates of NiII, PdII, and PtII, the structure of the thallium compounds is noncolumnar with the two TlI ions occupying axial vertices of a distorted pseudo-octahedron of the transition metal, [MTl2C4]. The Tl-M distances in the compounds are 3.0560(6), 3.1733(7), and 3.140(1) A for NiII, PdII, and PtII, respectively. The short Tl-Ni distance in Tl2Ni(CN)4 is the first example of metal-metal bonding between these two metals. The strength of the metal-metal bonds in this series of compounds was assessed by means of vibrational spectroscopy. Rigorous calculations, performed on the molecules in D4h point group symmetry, provide force constants for the Tl-M stretching vibration constants of 146.2, 139.6, and 156.2 N/m for the NiII, PdII, and PtII compounds, respectively, showing the strongest metal-metal bonding in the case of the Tl-Pt compound. Amsterdam density-functional calculations for isolated Tl2M(CN)4 molecules give Tl-M geometry-optimized distances of 2.67, 2.80, and 2.84 A for M = NiII, PdII, and PtII, respectively. These distances are all substantially shorter than the experimental values, most likely because of intermolecular Tl-N interactions in the solid compounds. Time-dependent density-functional theory calculations reveal a low-energy, allowed transition in all three compounds that involves excitation from an a1g orbital of mixed Tl 6pz-M ndz2 character to an a2u orbital of dominant Tl 6pz character.

19.
Chemistry ; 13(1): 158-66, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17066496

RESUMO

Several Schiff-base ligands readily form complexes with methyltrioxorhenium(VII) (MTO) by undergoing a hydrogen transfer from a ligand-bound OH group to a ligand N atom. The resulting complexes are stable at room temperature and can be handled and stored in air without problems. Due to the steric demands of the ligands they display distorted trigonal-bipyramidal structures in the solid state, as shown by X-ray crystallography, with the O(-) moiety binding to the Lewis acidic Re atom and the Re-bound methyl group being located either in cis or trans position to the Schiff base. In solution, however, the steric differences seem not to be maintained, as can be deduced from (17)O NMR spectroscopy. Furthermore, the Schiff-base ligands exchange with donor ligands. Nevertheless, the catalytic behaviour is influenced significantly by the Schiff bases coordinated to the MTO moiety, which lead either to high selectivities and good activities or to catalyst decomposition. A large excess of ligand, in contrast to the observations with aromatic N-donor ligands, is detrimental to the catalytic performance as it leads to catalyst decomposition.

20.
Talanta ; 71(1): 149-54, 2007 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19071281

RESUMO

Seven important air pollutants have been investigated by photolysis-assisted FT-IR spectroscopy. This technique renders invisible the spectra of water and carbon dioxide, which are two of the main concerns in long-path infrared spectroscopy. A cell, equipped with a UV lamp, was used to oxidise the analyte in the air sample and the spectrum recorded was used as a new background for the original sample spectrum. The optimum UV irradiation time and correctness of the concentrations were determined for this technique and compared with those from traditional methods. The signal-to-noise (S/N) ratios of the so-called "shadow spectra" were better than, or at least comparable to, the S/N ratios in the absorbance spectra obtained by using as background an air or an evacuated cell reference and subtraction of the spectra of water and carbon dioxide from a spectral library. The detection limits for the volatile organic compounds investigated have been improved by using this new method in which an appropriate background spectrum can be obtained quickly. The limitations of the method are that it cannot be applied to non-UV reactive compounds, such as methane, and the detection limits can be appreciably degraded when bands due to ozone in the shadow spectra overlap with those of the compounds under investigation.

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