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1.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38260383

RESUMO

In mammalian females, quiescent primordial follicles serve as the ovarian reserve and sustain normal ovarian function and egg production via folliculogenesis. The loss of primordial follicles causes ovarian aging. Cellular senescence, characterized by cell cycle arrest and production of the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), is associated with tissue aging. In the present study, we report that some quiescent primary oocytes in primordial follicles become senescent in adult mouse ovaries. The senescent primary oocytes share senescence markers characterized in senescent somatic cells. The senescent primary oocytes were observed in young adult mouse ovaries, remained at approximately 15% of the total primary oocytes during ovarian aging from 6 months to 12 months, and accumulated in aged ovaries. Administration of a senolytic drug ABT263 to 3-month-old mice reduced the percentage of senescent primary oocytes and the transcription of the SASP cytokines in the ovary. In addition, led to increased numbers of primordial and total follicles and a higher rate of oocyte maturation and female fertility. Our study provides experimental evidence that primary oocytes, a germline cell type that is arrested in meiosis, become senescent in adult mouse ovaries and that senescent cell clearance reduced primordial follicle loss and mitigated ovarian aging phenotypes.

2.
J Multimorb Comorb ; 14: 26335565231224570, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38186670

RESUMO

This is a descriptive study using healthcare claims data from patients with T2DM from public and private healthcare insurance companies providing services in Puerto Rico in 2013, aimed to estimate the prevalence of comorbidities in this population. Descriptive analyses were performed by sociodemographic, and type of service variables using frequency and percent for categorical data or means (+/-SD) or median (IQR) for continuous variables. Chi-square, Fisher exact or two-sample t-tests were used for comparisons. A total of 3,100,636 claims were identified from 485,866 adult patients with T2DM. Patients older than 65 years represented 48% of the study population. Most patients were women (57%) and had private health insurance (77%). The regions of Metro Area (17%) and Caguas (16%) had the higher number of persons living with T2DM. The overall estimated prevalence of T2DM was 17.4%. The number of claims per patient ranged from 1 to 339. A mean of 6.3 claims (SD±9.99) and a median of 3 claims (Q1 1- Q3 8) per subject were identified. Of the 3,100,636 claims most (74%) were related to the diagnosis of diabetes (59%) and associated to outpatient services (88%). The most prevalent comorbidities were hypertension (48%), hyperlipidemia (41%), neuropathy (21%); renal disease (15%), and retinopathy (13%). A high prevalence and co-prevalence of comorbidities and use of healthcare services were identified in patients with T2DM, especially in older adults. Since most comorbidities were due to diabetes-related conditions, this analysis highlights the importance of early diagnosis and adequate management of T2DM patients to avoid preventable burden to the patient and to the healthcare system.

3.
Reproduction ; 167(1)2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37874784

RESUMO

In brief: The localization and abundance of the sperm BSP proteins correlate with in vitro fertility in domestic bulls used in artificial insemination service. Abstract: Binder of sperm (BSP) proteins, secreted mainly by the accessory sex glands, are the major protein family present in bovine seminal plasma and on the sperm surface after ejaculation. In vivo, BSP proteins facilitate sperm capacitation and sperm reservoir formation; however, their impact on sperm function within the in vitro systems is less clear. Therefore, this biomarker-based study aimed to characterize the localization and abundance of BSP proteins from in vitro processed frozen-thawed bovine spermatozoa. Using image-based flow cytometry and Western blotting, BSP protein localization, abundance, membrane and acrosomal integrity were investigated in the supernatant (nonmotile) and pellet (motile) fractions of gradient-separated bull spermatozoa. Spermatozoa from the supernatant fraction had high enrichment of all BSP proteins investigated (BSP1, BSP3, BSP5; P < 0.05) when compared to the pellet fraction. In the pellet fraction, BSP1 and BSP3 bound predominately to the acrosomal region, whereas BSP5 had a high affinity for the midpiece. However, in the supernatant fraction, BSP proteins predominately coated the entire sperm surface resulting in the loss of regional specificity. High BSP protein abundance in the spermatozoa also correlated with acrosome and membrane damage. Whereas a high abundance of BSP5 correlated with low embryo cleavage rates, high abundance of BSP1 on the sperm head coincided with a high blastocyst rate. Therefore, changes in the quantity and localization of specific BSP proteins could act as potential biomarkers of sperm quality and fertility.


Assuntos
Sêmen , Proteínas do Espermatozoide , Animais , Bovinos , Masculino , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Congelamento , Proteínas/metabolismo
4.
Front Psychol ; 14: 1253179, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38022932

RESUMO

Introduction: Despite the propagation of virtual mental health services for vulnerable groups during COVID-19 pandemic, the implementation and evaluation of remote evidence-based practices (EBP) to manage them in low- and middle-income countries remains scarce. In the current study, we describe and evaluate the implementation process and clinical impact of brief, remote, manualized EBP for crisis intervention and suicide risk management among healthcare workers attending patients with COVID-19 (COVID-19-HCWs) in Mexico. Methods: The implementation process comprised community engagement of volunteer mental health specialists, creation of new clinical teams with different disciplines and skills, intervention systematization through manuals and education through 4-h remote training as main strategies. Mexican COVID-19-HCWs who had used a free 24-h helpline rated their pre- and post-intervention emotional distress. Therapists recorded patients' pre-intervention diagnosis, severity, and suicide risk, the techniques used in each case, and their post-treatment perception of COVID-19-HCWs' improvement at the end of the intervention. Results: All techniques included in the intervention manual were employed at least in one case (n = 51). At the beginning of the intervention, 65.9% of the COVID-19-HCWs were considered moderately ill or worse according to Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) scores, whereas at the end, 79.4% of them were perceived as much or very much improved according to CGI-Improvement scores (CGI-I), and their emotional distress had been significantly reduced (p < 0.001). Discussion: This prospective study provides evidence that implementation of remote EBP is feasible and useful to reduce emotional distress and suicide risk among COVID-19-HCWs from a middle-income country. However, this study was limited by lack of a control group, improvement ratings provided by therapists and non-anonymous satisfaction ratings.

5.
Front Vet Sci ; 10: 1258295, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37901101

RESUMO

There is a current need for new biomarkers of spermatozoa quality, that consistently and correctly identify spermatozoa that will successfully contribute to subsequent embryo development. This could improve the standardization of semen analysis, decrease early embryo mortality, and use these biomarkers as a selection tool before servicing females. This study utilized imaging techniques to identify potential biomarkers of sperm quality, using sires previously classified as high (n = 4) or low (n = 4) performing at producing blastocysts in vitro. Spermatozoa were assessed before and following a gradient purification protocol, to understand how populations of cells are impacted by such protocols and may differ between in vivo and in vitro use. Pre-gradient samples from low-performing sires had an increased incidence of DNA damage, although post-gradient samples from high-performing sires were found to have an increased incidence of DNA damage. When evaluating morphology via fluorescent microscopy, the most prevalent defects in pre-gradient samples from high-performing sires were tail defects, which are successfully removed during purification processing. The most prevalent defects in pre-gradient samples from low-performing sires were aggresome defects located in the head, which would be brought into an oocyte upon fertilization and may impair embryo development. Image-based flow cytometry (IBFC) was employed to quantify defect prevalence to evaluate a greater sample size decreasing the variability that exists in manual assessments. Using IBFC, aggresome defects were again identified in the heads of spermatozoa from low-performing sires. Post-gradient samples from low-performing sires had a significantly greater (p < 0.05) incidence of aggresome defects than post-gradient samples from high-performing sires. Additionally, IBFC was used to evaluate spermatozoa viability following gradient purification. Distinct populations of sperm cells were identified. High-performing sires had more spermatozoa in the population deemed most viable than low-performing sires. This study demonstrated that spermatozoa defects vary in populations before and following gradient purification, indicating that it may be beneficial to separately evaluate semen for in vivo and in vitro use. Furthermore, a prevalent defect in low-performing sires that could explain a discrepancy between successful fertilization and embryo development was identified. Therefore, elucidating a malfunction regulated by sire, that could potentially affect early embryo development.

6.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 58(9): 1225-1233, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37389473

RESUMO

Beef production systems primarily use natural service (NS) for breeding. However, a significant number of bulls used for NS are subfertile, limiting the profitability of the cow-calf operations. Therefore, producers should select bulls based on breeding soundness evolutions (BSE) to ensure higher pregnancy rates. Several factors can affect the bull ability to pass a BSE. We hypothesize that calving date would be a factor that affects the bull probability of approval at the first BSE. For this purpose, a multivariate logistic regression in a dataset of 14,737 BSEs from young Nellore bulls was used. Correlations between calving date, biometrics, and semen traits were evaluated using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Our results demonstrated that the calving date affected the probability of approval at the first BSE (p < .05). Indeed, the variable that added more information to our model was the calving date, far more than the age group of the bulls according to Akaike's information criterion. Hence, bulls born on day 0 of the calving season have 1.26 more chances to be approved at the first BSE than bulls born 21 days later. This result highlights the importance of getting the dams of future bulls pregnant as soon as possible in the breeding season. In addition, the calving season should be no longer than 47 days to achieve 80% BSE approval in 20-22 months old Nellore bulls. The strongest correlation was with SC, which decreased as the calving date increased. Therefore, the calving date may be used as a predictor of the outcome of the first BSE in young bulls. In that way, the calving date can help seedstock producers to maximize efficiency in making crucial management decisions during the breeding and calving season including nutrition, reproductive, and culling.


Assuntos
Reprodução , Sêmen , Gravidez , Feminino , Bovinos , Animais , Masculino , Taxa de Gravidez , Fenótipo , Parto
7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(20): e2219683120, 2023 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37155904

RESUMO

During mouse gametogenesis, germ cells derived from the same progenitor are connected via intercellular bridges forming germline cysts, within which asymmetrical or symmetrical cell fate occurs in female and male germ cells, respectively. Here, we have identified branched cyst structures in mice, and investigated their formation and function in oocyte determination. In fetal female cysts, 16.8% of the germ cells are connected by three or four bridges, namely branching germ cells. These germ cells are preferentially protected from cell death and cyst fragmentation and accumulate cytoplasm and organelles from sister germ cells to become primary oocytes. Changes in cyst structure and differential cell volumes among cyst germ cells suggest that cytoplasmic transport in germline cysts is conducted in a directional manner, in which cellular content is first transported locally between peripheral germ cells and further enriched in branching germ cells, a process causing selective germ cell loss in cysts. Cyst fragmentation occurs extensively in female cysts, but not in male cysts. Male cysts in fetal and adult testes have branched cyst structures, without differential cell fates between germ cells. During fetal cyst formation, E-cadherin (E-cad) junctions between germ cells position intercellular bridges to form branched cysts. Disrupted junction formation in E-cad-depleted cysts led to an altered ratio in branched cysts. Germ cell-specific E-cad knockout resulted in reductions in primary oocyte number and oocyte size. These findings shed light on how oocyte fate is determined within mouse germline cysts.


Assuntos
Cistos , Oócitos , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Células Germinativas , Citoplasma , Organelas , Gametogênese , Oogênese
8.
J Psychiatr Res ; 151: 42-49, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447506

RESUMO

Only 50% of the patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) respond to psychotherapies, such as Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), this might be increased by identifying baseline predictors of clinical change. We use machine learning to detect clinical features that could predict improvement/worsening for severity and impulsivity of BPD after DBT skills training group. To predict illness severity, we analyzed data from 125 patients with BPD divided into 17 DBT psychotherapy groups, and for impulsiveness we analyzed 89 patients distributed into 12 DBT groups. All patients were evaluated at baseline using widely self-report tests; ∼70% of the sample were randomly selected and two machine learning models (lasso and Random forest [Rf]) were trained using 10-fold cross-validation and compared to predict the post-treatment response. Models' generalization was assessed in ∼30% of the remaining sample. Relevant variables for DBT (i.e. the mindfulness ability "non-judging", or "non-planning" impulsiveness) measured at baseline, were robust predictors of clinical change after six months of weekly DBT sessions. Using 10-fold cross-validation, the Rf model had significantly lower prediction error than lasso for the BPD severity variable, Mean Absolute Error (MAE) lasso - Rf = 1.55 (95% CI, 0.63-2.48) as well as for impulsivity, MAE lasso - Rf = 1.97 (95% CI, 0.57-3.35). According to Rf and the permutations method, 34/613 significant predictors for severity and 17/613 for impulsivity were identified. Using machine learning to identify the most important variables before starting DBT could be fundamental for personalized treatment and disease prognosis.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético , Atenção Plena , Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético/métodos , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo , Aprendizado de Máquina , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Theriogenology ; 161: 228-236, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340756

RESUMO

Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is responsible for Paratuberculosis mainly affecting domestic ruminants. The interaction between MAP and sperm and/or germ cells has not yet been established, however the adherence between MAP and the host cell surface is associated to the 85 complex proteins that bind to the host cell's fibronectin. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the binding of MAP to bovine sperm and to verify changes in these cells by the presence of MAP before and after sperm cryopreservation. Polyclonal antibodies to MAP 85 complex proteins were produced and utilized in the analyzes. Two Nelore bulls were used for semen collection and MAP dilutions (103-108 CFU/mL) were inoculated in the samples; sperm motility and vigor were evaluated using light microscopy at different times before and after cryopreservation and in the presence and absence of the antibodies 85A and 85B. Interaction of MAP and sperm, interaction of MAP and sperm in the presence of Ab 85A and in the presence of Ab 85B were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The viability of MAP after sperm cryopreservation were evaluated by plating the samples after thawing. It was observed that sperm in the presence of MAP shows a decrease in motility and vigor, and that the higher the MAP concentration, the lower the sperm performance. It was possible to determine the viability of MAP after cryopreservation in samples of higher concentrations, which demonstrates the potential of transmission of this pathogen through artificial insemination. The interaction of MAP with bovine sperm occurs mainly in the midpiece and may be linked to the proteins 85A and 85B present in the MAP membrane.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis , Paratuberculose , Animais , Bovinos , Masculino , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Espermatozoides
10.
Rev. colomb. med. fis. rehabil. (En línea) ; 31(2): 109-119, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1452186

RESUMO

Introducción. La parálisis cerebral (PC) puede causar alteraciones neuromusculoesqueléticas complejas que afectan la función motora y, por consiguiente, el patrón de marcha. Objetivo. Identificar los patrones de marcha en pacientes pediátricos con PC tipo hemiparesia espástica y diparesia espástica según su compromiso motor grueso. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal realizado en 79 pacientes pediátricos con edades entre los 5 y los 18 años, quienes fueron seleccionados de la base de datos del Laboratorio para el Análisis Computarizado de la Marcha y atendidos entre 2017 y 2019. Se utilizó la cinemática articular de cada paciente para clasificar los patrones de marcha según los criterios de Rodda y colaboradores y el Sistema de la Clasificación de la Función Motora Gruesa (GMFCS) de Palisano. Resultados. 30 pacientes fueron clasificados en el grupo de hemiparesia espástica y 49 en el de diparesia espástica. El 50% de la muestra con hemiparesia espástica y el 38,7% con diparesia espástica no lograron ser clasificados usando los patrones de marcha de Rodda y colaborado- res. En el grupo de hemiparesia espástica, en los niveles GMFCS I y GMFCS II prevaleció el patrón de marcha Tipo 1 (80%). En el grupo de diparesia espástica, el nivel GMFCS I no presentó patrón prevalente, en el nivel GMFCS II predominó el patrón equino aparente (66,7%) y en el nivel GMFCS III prevalecieron en igual proporción los patrones marcha agazapada (37,5%) y marcha en salto (37,5%). Conclusión. Los patrones de marcha de los pacientes analizados variaron en los diferentes niveles de compromiso motor y no siempre pudieron ser clasificados mediante los patrones de Rodda y colaboradores, lo que apunta a la existencia de patrones de marcha que pudieran corresponderse con nuevos sistemas de clasificación basados en patrones cinemáticos. Palabras claves: Análisis de la marcha, parálisis cerebral, marcha, trastornos neurológicos de la marcha, trastornos motores.


Introduction. Cerebral palsy (CP) can cause complex neuromusculoskeletal alterations that affect motor function and, consequently, gait pattern. Objective. To identify gait patterns in pediatric patients with CP type spastic hemiparesis and spastic diparesis according to their gross motor involvement. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study conducted in 79 pediatric patients aged 5 to 18 years, who were selected from the database of the Laboratory for Computerized Gait Analysis and attended between 2017 and 2019. The joint kinematics of each patient were used to classify gait patterns according to the criteria of Rodda et al. and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) of Palisano. Results. Thirty patients were classified in the spastic hemiparesis group and 49 in the spastic diparesis group. Fifty percent of the sample with spastic hemiparesis and 38.7% with spastic diparesis failed to be classified using the gait patterns of Rodda and colleagues. In the spastic hemiparesis group, in the GMFCS I and GMFCS II levels, the Type 1 gait pattern prevailed (80%). In the spastic diparesis group, GMFCS level I did not present a prevalent pattern, in GMFCS level II the apparent equine pattern predominated (66.7%) and in GMFCS level III the crouching gait (37.5%) and jumping gait (37.5%) prevailed in equal proportion. Conclusion. The gait patterns of the patients analyzed varied in the different levels of motor compromise and could not always be classified using the patterns of Rodda et al, which points to the existence of gait patterns that could correspond to new classification systems based on kinematic patterns. Key words: Gait analysis, cerebral palsy, gait, neurological gait disorders, motor disorders.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente
11.
Psychol Psychother ; 93(3): 474-489, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) consists of a persistent pattern of instability in affective regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. Although certain forms of psychotherapy are effective, their effects are small to moderate. One of the strategies that have been proposed to improve interventions involves integrating the therapeutic elements of different psychotherapy modalities from a contextual behavioural perspective (ACT, DBT, and FAP). METHODS: Patients (n = 65) attending the BPD Clinic of the Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñíz in Mexico City who agreed to participate in the study were assigned to an ACT group (n = 22), a DBT group (n = 20), or a combined ACT + DBT + FAP therapy group (n = 23). Patients were assessed at baseline and after therapeutic trial on measures of BPD symptom severity, emotion dysregulation, experiential avoidance, attachment, control over experiences, and awareness of stimuli. RESULTS: ANOVA analyses showed no differences between the three therapeutic groups in baseline measures. Results of the MANOVA model showed significant differences in most dependent measures over time but not between therapeutic groups. CONCLUSIONS: Three modalities of brief, contextual behavioural therapy proved to be useful in decreasing BPD symptom severity and emotional dysregulation, as well as negative interpersonal attachment. These changes were related to the reduction of experiential avoidance and the acquisition of mindfulness skills in all treatment groups, which may explain why no differences between the three different intervention modalities were observed. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Brief adaptations of acceptance and commitment therapy and dialectical behavioural therapy are effective interventions for BPD patients, in combined or isolated modalities, and with or without the inclusion of functional analytic psychotherapy. The reduction of experiential avoidance and the acquisition of mindfulness skills are related with the diminution of BPD symptoms severity, including emotional dysregulation and negative interpersonal attachment.


Assuntos
Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso/métodos , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético/métodos , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Atenção Plena/métodos , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nord J Psychiatry ; 73(8): 509-514, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453750

RESUMO

Objective: To identify personality disorders comorbid with borderline personality disorder (BPD) that may confer greater risk for the presence of severe dissociative experiences. Method: Three hundred and one outpatients with a primary diagnosis of BPD were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II personality disorders, the Borderline Evaluation of Severity Over Time (BEST) and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). Results: The most frequent personality disorders comorbid to BPD were paranoid (83.2%, n = 263) and depressive (81.3%, n = 257). The mean BEST and DES total score were 43.3 (SD = 11.4, range 15-69) and 28.6 (SD = 19.8, range 0-98), respectively. We categorized the sample into patients with and without severe dissociative experiences (41% were positive). A logistic regression model revealed that Schizotypal, Obsessive-compulsive and Antisocial personality disorders conferred greater risk for the presence of severe dissociative experiences. Discussion: Our results suggest that a large proportion of patients with BPD present a high rate of severe dissociative experiences and that some clinical factors such as personality comorbidity confer greater risk for severe dissociation, which is related to greater dysfunction and suffering, as well as a worse progression of the BPD.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/epidemiologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Transtornos Dissociativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico , Comorbidade , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Transtornos Dissociativos/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos da Personalidade/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Personalidade/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Psychiatr Res ; 114: 126-132, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071663

RESUMO

Emotional dysregulation is one of the main features of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Therefore, it constitutes a central therapeutic objective of the interventions that have proven to be effective for these patients, including the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). However, benefits on emotional regulation have been evaluated through self-report instruments, and an anatomically based, objective, and precise measurement of the ability to change the type, duration and frequency of emotions is still needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess facial emotion expression, valence and arousal during an ACT based intervention, between initial, middle and final therapeutic sessions for BPD patients. METHOD: Using the FaceReader 7.0, 29 recordings of individual therapeutic sessions for BPD patients during an ACT intervention trial were analyzed. RESULTS: Happiness and fear intensity increase from the beginning to the end of the sessions, while sadness decreases. Emotional valence exhibits a significant decrease in its negative value during sessions from -0.13 (S.D. = 0.12) at the initial part of the sessions to -0.06 (S.D. = 0.08) by the end of the sessions, with a moderate effect size (Cohen d = 0.69). Emotional arousal increased from the beginning to the end of sessions and whole intervention. CONCLUSION: The emotional valence and arousal differed according to the psychotherapeutically process involved during ACT intervention, suggesting that the systematic analysis of facial expressions allows a rigorously examination of the relations between emotions, physiological processes, and instrumental behavior experimented though a psychotherapeutically process.


Assuntos
Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Expressão Facial , Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso/métodos , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Emoções Manifestas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
14.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 54(3): 604-612, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614080

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess characteristics of bovine cryopreserved sperm and evaluate its relation to field fertility in fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). Semen samples of 16 bulls were used to inseminate 811 Nellore cows, and four of these bulls were also used to inseminate 101 Nellore heifers. Samples of the same ejaculate used for FTAI from each bull were analysed in the laboratory after thawing. Sperm motility and vigour were subjectively assessed by light microscope, and integrity of the plasma and acrosome membranes, and H2 O2 production were evaluated by flow cytometer. Relation among sperm characteristics and pregnancy rate of cows and heifers were evaluated by univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Subjective sperm motility and vigour did not affect the probability of pregnancy in cows or heifers. In univariate analysis for pregnancy in cows, sperm traits related to acrosome injury positively affected probability of pregnancy mainly when associated with plasma membrane integrity; H2 O2 production seems to be less important than plasma membrane integrity in affecting probability of pregnancy. In multivariate analysis, sperm traits related to injured acrosome positively affected probability of cow and heifer pregnancies while intact acrosome was negatively related to cow pregnancy. Intact plasma membrane and high H2 O2 production were positively related to cow pregnancy but negatively related to heifer pregnancy. Results suggest that a capacitation-like status of the acrosome may benefit probability of pregnancy in cows.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Fertilidade/fisiologia , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Sêmen/fisiologia , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Animais , Bovinos , Membrana Celular , Criopreservação/métodos , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Inseminação Artificial/métodos , Masculino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez
15.
Salud ment ; 34(4): 291-299, Jul.-Aug. 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-632842

RESUMO

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a common psychiatric disorder that represents one of the main public health problems worldwide. It has been projected that for 2020 it will be the second cause of disability-adjusted life years just below ischemic heart disease. Quantitative electroencephalogram provides the opportunity to study cortical oscillatory activity across the different frequency bands. It constitutes an accessible tool to explore the clinical and neurophysiologic correlates underlying psychiatric disorders as well as the effect of diverse therapeutic options and the performance through cognitive tasks. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is a technique that allows the stimulation of the cerebral cortex noninvasively, relatively painlessly and with fairly few side effects. The vast majority of rTMS studies target left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) based on imaging studies showing that left prefrontal cortex dysfunction is pathophysiologically linked to depression. However, there is some evidence implicating right PFC in the pathophysiology of depression. Comparison of antidepressant efficacy of diverse stimulation frequencies is relevant since a main concern around rTMS is its potential to induce seizures; hence we consider that frequency of stimulation is an important aspect to be studied. For this study we aimed to elucidate the clinical efficacy of rTMS comparing two groups of depressed patients stimulated over DLPFC, one over the left (at 5 Hz) and other over the right (at 1 Hz). We also meant to know if there were clinical and electroencephalographic differential long-term after-effects between those groups of treatment. We included twenty right-handed patients with a DSM-IVR diagnosis of MDD. They were assigned into two groups of treatment. Group 1 received 5Hz rTMS over the left DLPFC. Group 2 received 1Hz rTMS over the right DLPFC. We obtained two EEG measurements in order to analyze Z score of broad-band spectral parameters and cross-spectral. No statistical differences among groups were found in response to treatment after weekly comparisons of clinimetric scores and significant differences between baseline and final assessment by HDRS, MADRS, BDI and HARS. The major rTMS effect on EEG was observed in the group that received 1 Hz over the right DLPFC and no significant effects were observed for the group that received 5 Hz over the left DLPFC. Our results propose that administration of 15 sessions on either left (5 Hz) or right (1 Hz) rTMS over DLPFC is sufficient to reach response to treatment, assessed by HDRS, MADRS, BDI and HARS in subjects with MDD. Moreover, in both cases rTMS was able to induce an equivalent antidepressant effect. The major effect of rTMS on EEG was observed in the right 1 Hz rTMS group where changes were elicited mainly over frontal, central and temporal regions on alpha and particularly beta frequency bands. In a lesser extent for left 5 Hz rTMS group the main effect was observed on anterior regions for beta and particularly alpha frequency bands. We believe it is pertinent to continue exploring the therapeutic potential of lower stimulation frequencies, for what further research including larger samples is still necessary to confirm these trends.


El trastorno depresivo mayor es una entidad psiquiátrica que representa uno de los principales problemas de salud pública a nivel mundial. Se ha proyectado que para el año 2020 será la segunda causa de discapacidad únicamente por debajo de la cardiopatía isquémica. La utilización del electroencefalograma cuantitativo ofrece la oportunidad de estudiar la actividad oscilatoria cortical a través de las diferentes bandas de frecuencias. Éste constituye una herramienta para explorar las características clínicas y neurofisiológicas que subyacen a los trastornos psiquiátricos, así como un instrumento para evaluar el efecto de diversas opciones terapéuticas y el desempeño de los sujetos durante la realización de tareas cognitivas. La estimulación magnética transcraneal repetitiva (EMTr) es una técnica que permite la estimulación de la corteza cerebral de manera no invasiva, relativamente sin dolor y con pocos efectos secundarios. Con base en los estudios de neuroimagen que vinculan la fisiopatología de la depresión con disfunción en la corteza prefrontal dorsolateral (CPFDL), la mayoría de las investigaciones se han enfocado en estimular dicha corteza en el hemisferio izquierdo. No obstante, existen pruebas que implican a la corteza prefrontal derecha con la fisiopatología de la depresión. La relevancia de comparar la eficacia antidepresiva de diversas frecuencias radica en el hecho de que un tema de interés particular alrededor de la EMTr es su potencial para inducir convulsiones, por ello consideramos que la exploración de las diversas frecuencias de estimulación con efecto terapéutico constituye un aspecto importante de estudio. Para este trabajo nos propusimos determinar la eficacia antidepresiva de la EMTr comparando dos grupos de pacientes que fueron estimulados en la CPFDL derecha a 1 Hz o en la izquierda a 5 Hz. También buscamos dilucidar si existen diferencias clínicas y electroencefalográficas a largo plazo entre grupos de tratamiento. Para este estudio se incluyeron 20 pacientes con diagnóstico de trastorno depresivo mayor de acuerdo con los criterios del DSM-I V. Los sujetos fueron asignados aleatoriamente a uno de dos grupos de tratamiento. Un grupo recibió EMTr sobre la CPFDL izquierda a 5Hz; el otro recibió estimulación a 1 Hz sobre la corteza contralateral. Se obtuvieron dos registros electroencefalográficos, uno basal y otro final, con el fin de comparar las medidas espectrales de banda ancha y estrecha, pretratamiento y postratamiento. Se realizaron evaluaciones clinimétricas con las escalas de Hamilton para Depresión y Ansiedad, la escala de Depresión de Montgomery-Asberg y el Inventario de Beck. No encontramos diferencias significativas al comparar la respuesta a la EMTr entre ambos grupos. Los pacientes de ambos grupos presentaron respuesta a tratamiento (disminución de ≥50% de la sintomatología depresiva) medida por clinimetría. El efecto más importante de la EMTr sobre el EEG se observó en el grupo de estimulación derecha a 1 Hz donde encontramos disminución postratamiento en los valores Z de banda estrecha alfa y beta, principalmente en regiones fronto-centro-temporales. Aunque en menor proporción, en el grupo de estimulación izquierda a 5 Hz encontramos incrementos significativos post EMTr, predominantemente en las bandas beta y alfa sobre todo en regiones anteriores. No se encontraron resultados significativos en el análisis de banda ancha. Nuestros resultados sugieren que la administración de 15 sesiones de EMTr ya sea sobre la CPFDL derecha (1 Hz) o izquierda (5 Hz) es capaz de lograr respuesta antidepresiva. Nuestros hallazgos electrofisiológicos sugieren que uno de los efectos a largo plazo de la EMTr es la reorganización de los circuitos neuronales implicados en la depresión.

16.
Int J Psychophysiol ; 71(1): 70-4, 2009 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18755226

RESUMO

EEG sources were assessed in a group of patients with major moderate-severe depressive disorder (MDD) as classified by trained clinicians according to DSM-IV criteria. Frequency Domain Variable Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography (FD-VARETA) was used to calculate EEG sources. The Z-values indicated that EEG sources were abnormal (increase in current density) in all patients, with most demonstrating abnormal EEG sources in both hemispheres but with maximal inverse solution located primarily in the right. Twenty-nine patients had a predominant topography of the abnormal EEG maximal inverse solution in the frontal lobes. The remaining seven patients had a bilateral abnormal increase in current density in the superior parietal lobe. The EEG maximal abnormal inverse solution frequency was observed in both hemispheres such that the increases in current density were prevalent in alpha and theta bands. The results suggest that any of the two hemispheres could be affected by MDD, but abnormal EEG sources can be found more frequently in the right one, with the maximal abnormal inverse solution at the alpha and theta bands in frontal and parietal cortices.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/patologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/fisiopatologia , Eletroencefalografia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Espectral , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev. mex. oftalmol ; 75(6): 207-214, nov.-dic. 2001. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-326922

RESUMO

Objetivo: Demostrar la factibilidad del empleo de fascia lata como aloinjerto. Material y método: Se describen 10 casos de ptosis palpebral con función nula del elevador, en quienes se realizó suspensión al frontal con fascia lata de paciente joven. Resultados: En el postoperatorio mediato, se tuvo 95 por ciento de éxito quirúrgico y ningún rechazo al aloinjerto. El estudio histológico comparativo de tres muestras de fascia lata de 7, 30 y 80 años de edad, mostraron el cambio natural progresivo que sufre este tejido en las fibras de colágena. Conclusiones: Se recomienda el empleo de tejido joven. Su obtención es más accesible en un hospital general; evitando de esta manera una nueva intervención en el paciente, disminuyendo la morbilidad del procedimiento y evitando así sus complicaciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Blefaroptose , Fascia Lata , Transplante Homólogo , Doenças Palpebrais/cirurgia
18.
Buenos Aires; EDIMED; jul. 1984. 66 p. ilus. (67933).
Monografia em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-67933

Assuntos
Métodos , Bandagens
19.
Buenos Aires; EDIMED; jul. 1984. 66 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: biblio-1194235

Assuntos
Bandagens , Métodos
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