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1.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36801877

RESUMO

The breast cancer hold leading position in the structure of oncological morbidity of women worldwide. The purpose of the study is to analyze contribution of psychological and environmental factors to risk of development of breast cancer in women residing in industrial metropolis and rural locality. The actuality of the study is conditioned by acquisition of new knowledge about risk factors of breast cancer. The study covered psychological factors (basic beliefs, life orientations, locus of control, coping behavior strategies, subjective assessment of quality of life, subjective age indicator, personal helplessness-independence, resilience) and environmental factor (place of urban of rural residence of women with breast cancer). The study established that in women residing in industrial metropolis the psychological risk factors are reduced indicators of basic beliefs, of quality of life and of resilience, rare application of coping strategy "Escape-Avoidance", external locus of control. Alternatively, in women residing in rural areas, psychological risk factors for breast cancer are rare application of coping strategies, reduced quality of life indicators, increased vital activity, internal level of subjective control and personal helplessness. The study results can be included in development of personalized breast cancer screening protocols and as well as considered in assessing risk of development of disease when classifying women by breast cancer risk groups.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , População Rural , Adaptação Psicológica , Fatores de Risco
2.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 12(3): 98-103, 2006.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17641621

RESUMO

The article deals with 6 -year experience of the Centre of Oncoangiosurgery of the Chelyabinsk Regional Oncological Dispensary in treatment of patients with concomitant malignant neoplasms and atherosclerotic lesions to the aorta and arteries. The authors analyze therapeutic outcomes in a total of 158 patients. Of these, 81 patients were subjected to surgical correction of the blood flow. The presence of a clinically significant atherosclerotic lesion of the aorta and peripheral arteries in a patient should not be interpreted as an absolute or relative contraindication to contraindication combined treatment of the tumour concerned. In the majority of cases, atherosclerotic occlusion of femoral and tibial arteries was treated conservatively, using <>. In manifestation of an atherosclerotic lesion to the carotid arteries, aorta and iliac arteries, surgical correction of the blood flow was used more often. Usually, vascular reconstruction was carried out first. Simultaneous interventions were performed in 16 patients; three patients died. The technique of operations on the aorta and arteries was traditional, while for revascularization in peripheral lesions to the arteries of the limbs more frequently compromising methods were used (sympathectomy, profundoplasty, local endarterectomy) on the background of prostaglandin E1 infusions.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/terapia , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/terapia , Neoplasias/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Aterosclerose/cirurgia , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Constrição Patológica/epidemiologia , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia
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