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J Clin Med ; 13(9)2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731104


Background and Objectives: Neonates born from thawed embryo transfers tend to have a significantly higher birthweight compared to those from fresh embryo transfers. The aim of this study was to compare the crown-rump length (CRL) between thawed and fresh embryos to investigate the potential causes of different growth patterns between them. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study (July 2010-December 2023) conducted at the Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. In total, 3082 assisted reproductive technology (ART) pregnancies (4044 embryos) underwent a routine scan at 11+0-13+6 gestational weeks and were included in the study. Maternal age, the type of embryo transfer (thawed vs. fresh, donor vs. their own oocytes), CRL, twin and singleton gestations were analyzed. Results: The mean maternal age in thawed was significantly higher than in fresh embryos (39.8 vs. 35.8 years, p-value < 0.001). The mean CRL z-score was significantly higher in thawed compared to fresh embryo transfers (0.309 vs. 0.199, p-value < 0.001). A subgroup analysis on singleton gestations showed that the mean CRL z-score was higher in thawed blastocysts compared to fresh (0.327 vs. 0.215, p-value < 0.001). Accordingly, an analysis on twins revealed that the mean CRL z-score was higher in thawed blastocysts (0.285 vs. 0.184, p-value: 0.015) and in oocytes' recipients compared to own oocytes' cases (0.431 vs. 0.191, p-value: 0.002). Conclusions: The difference in CRL measurements between thawed and fresh embryos may be a first indication of the subsequent difference in sonographically estimated fetal weight and birthweight. This finding highlights the need for additional research into the underlying causes, including maternal factors and the culture media used.

J Clin Med ; 13(4)2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398380


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Accurate diagnosis of labor progress is crucial for making well-informed decisions regarding timely and appropriate interventions to optimize outcomes for both the mother and the fetus. The aim of this study was to assess the progress of the second stage of labor using intrapartum ultrasound. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective study (December 2022-December 2023) conducted at the Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. Maternal-fetal and labor characteristics were recorded, and two ultrasound parameters were measured: the angle of progression (AoP) and the head-perineum distance (HPD). The correlation between the two ultrasonographic values and the maternal-fetal characteristics was investigated. Multinomial regression analysis was also conducted to investigate any potential predictors of the mode of delivery. RESULTS: A total of 82 women at the second stage of labor were clinically and sonographically assessed. The mean duration of the second stage of labor differed between vaginal and cesarean deliveries (65.3 vs. 160 min; p-value < 0.001) and between cesarean and operative vaginal deliveries (160 vs. 88.6 min; p-value = 0.015). The occiput anterior position was associated with an increased likelihood of vaginal delivery (OR: 24.167; 95% CI: 3.8-152.5; p-value < 0.001). No significant differences were identified in the AoP among the three different modes of delivery (vaginal: 145.7° vs. operative vaginal: 139.9° vs. cesarean: 132.1°; p-value = 0.289). The mean HPD differed significantly between vaginal and cesarean deliveries (28.6 vs. 41.4 mm; p-value < 0.001) and between cesarean and operative vaginal deliveries (41.4 vs. 26.9 mm; p-value = 0.002); it was correlated significantly with maternal BMI (r = 0.268; p-value = 0.024) and the duration of the second stage of labor (r = 0.256; p-value = 0.031). Low parity (OR: 12.024; 95% CI: 6.320-22.876; p-value < 0.001) and high HPD (OR: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.05-1.43; p-value = 0.007) were found to be significant predictors of cesarean delivery. CONCLUSIONS: The use of intrapartum ultrasound as an adjunctive technique to the standard clinical evaluation may enhance the diagnostic approach to an abnormal labor progress and predict the need for operative vaginal or cesarean delivery.

Case Rep Womens Health ; 39: e00529, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37534193


Twin gestations are associated with an increased risk of intrahepatic cholestasis in pregnancy (ICP), probably attributed to the elevated pregnancy hormones. We report a case of a dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy, at the third trimester, complicated with ICP and severe, selective fetal growth restriction (sFGR). A 32-year-old primiparous woman with a dichorionic, diamniotic twin gestation conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) presented with pruritus at the maternity care unit at 26+4 weeks of pregnancy. Following a detailed assessment, she was diagnosed with severe sFGR and ICP. During her hospitalization, selective feticide of the FGR fetus was decided and a remarkable improvement in the symptoms and the laboratory findings of ICP was noticed. The incidence of ICP is reported to be higher in twin pregnancies, especially those conceived via IVF, compared with singletons. The optimal timing of delivery and management of twin pregnancies complicated with ICP remain unclear. In our case, selective reduction of the FGR fetus led to the resolution of ICP.

Medicina (Kaunas) ; 59(6)2023 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37374355


Background and Objectives: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an obstetrical emergency and although the mortality rate from PPH has decreased, it is still considered a challenge in obstetrics. This study aimed to estimate the rate of primary PPH, as well as to investigate the potential risk factors and management options. Material and methods: This was a retrospective case-control study of all cases with PPH (blood loss > 500 mL, irrespective of the mode of delivery) managed in the Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, from 2015 to 2021. The ratio of cases to controls was estimated to be 1:1. The chi-squared test was used to examine if there was any relationship between several variables and PPH, while subgroup multivariate logistic regression analyses of certain causes of PPH were also conducted. Results: During the study period, from a total of 8545 births, 219 (2.5%) pregnancies were complicated with PPH. A maternal age > 35 years (OR: 2.172; 95% CI: 1.206-3.912; p = 0.010), preterm delivery (<37 weeks) (OR: 5.090; 95% CI: 2.869-9.030; p < 0.001) and parity (OR: 1.701; 95% CI: 1.164-2.487; p = 0.006) were identified as risk factors for PPH. Uterine atony was the main cause of PPH in 54.8% of the women, followed by placental retention in 30.5% of the sample. Regarding management, 57.9% (n = 127) of the women received uterotonic medication, while in 7.3% (n = 16), a cesarean hysterectomy was performed to control PPH. Preterm delivery (OR: 2.162; 95% CI: 1.138-4.106; p = 0.019) and delivery via a cesarean section (OR: 4.279; 95% CI: 1.921-9.531; p < 0.001) were associated with a higher need for multiple treatment modalities. Prematurity (OR: 8.695; 95% CI: 2.324-32.527; p = 0.001) was identified as an independent predictor for an obstetric hysterectomy. From the retrospective analysis of the births complicated by PPH, no maternal death was identified. Conclusions: Most of the cases complicated with PPH were managed with uterotonic medication. An advanced maternal age, prematurity and multiparity had a significant impact on the occurrence of PPH. More research is needed on the risk factors of PPH, while the establishment of validated predictive models would be of value.

Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Nascimento Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incidência , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Grécia/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Placenta , Fatores de Risco
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(1)2023 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38276044


Background and Objectives: Preterm birth is a significant concern in obstetrics and neonatology since preterm neonates are at higher risk of various health complications and may require specialized care. The optimal mode of delivery in preterm birth is a matter of debate. This study aimed to evaluate the mode of delivery in preterm neonates and the associated neonatal outcomes. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study including all preterm neonates born between January 2010 and December 2020 at the 3rd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. The mode of delivery in relation to gestational age groups and the cause of preterm birth were analyzed. Neonatal outcomes were also evaluated according to gestational age, indication and mode of delivery. Results: A total of 1167 preterm neonates were included in the study; the majority of them were delivered via cesarean section (76.1%). Most of the preterm neonates (n = 715; 61.3%) were delivered at 32+0-36+6 weeks, while cesarean section was the most common mode of delivery after 28+0 weeks. Furthermore, spontaneous onset of labor (OR: 6.038; 95% CI: 3.163-11.527; p < 0.001), multiple gestation (OR: 1.782; 95% CI: 1.165-2.227; p = 0.008) and fetal distress (OR: 5.326; 95% CI: 2.796-10.144; p < 0.001) were the main causes of preterm delivery at 32+0-36+6 weeks. The overall mortality rate was 8.1% among premature neonates. Regarding morbidity, 919 (78.7%) neonates were diagnosed with respiratory disorders, 129 (11.1%) with intraventricular hemorrhage and 30 (2.6%) with necrotizing enterocolitis. Early gestational age at delivery was the main risk factor of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Notably, the mode of delivery did not have any impact on neonatal survival (OR: 1.317; 95% CI: 0.759-2.284; p = 0.328), but preterm neonates born via cesarean section were at higher risk of respiratory disorders, compared to those born via vaginal delivery (OR: 2.208; 95% CI: 1.574-3.097; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Most preterm deliveries occurred in the moderate-to-late preterm period via cesarean section. Early gestational age at delivery was the main prognostic factor of neonatal morbidity and mortality, while the mode of delivery did not have any impact on neonatal survival. Future research on the mode of delivery of the preterm neonates is warranted to establish definitive answers for each particular gestational age.

Nascimento Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Cesárea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Grécia/epidemiologia , Parto Obstétrico